Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 908
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Cetinus E - - 2004
Recurrent pain in the lower leg caused by exercise is a common problem in athletes. The main causes are exercise induced compartment syndrome, periostitis of the tibia, stress fracture, venous diseases, obliterative arterial diseases, and shin splints. Exercise induced compartment syndrome is the least common. A recurrent tightening or tense ...
Chesler Roseann M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Two-dimensional exercise echocardiography is commonly performed in the supine (SUP) left lateral posture (SLL) to optimize imaging quality. OBJECTIVES: To assess the clinical use of SLL cycle ergometry, we determined the metabolic, cardiovascular, and hemodynamic responses during graded leg cycle ergometry in women, performed in SLL, commonly used during ...
Sato Kohei - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to clarify the characteristics of ventilatory and circulatory responses at the onset of voluntary exercise and passive movement in sprinters. Eleven male university sprinters and 11 male untrained subjects participated in the present study. Voluntary exercise consisted of leg extension-flexion movement for 20 s ...
Ray Chester A - - 2004
Measurement of skin sympathetic nerve activity (SSNA) during isometric exercise has been previously limited to handgrip. We hypothesized that isometric leg exercise due to the greater muscle mass of the leg would elicit greater SSNA responses than arm exercise because of presumably greater central command and muscle mechanoreceptor activation. To ...
Yanagisawa Osamu - - 2004
This study assessed the effects of cooling on blood flow and intramuscular water content in human skeletal muscles after exercise using magnetic resonance imaging. In six male subjects, their legs were randomly assigned to be control or to be cooled. All subjects performed ankle dorsiflexion exercise inside an imaging magnet ...
Drysdale Cheri L. - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To investigate surface electromyographic (EMG) activity of the rectus abdominus and external oblique abdominus muscles during pelvic-tilt and abdominal-hollowing exercises performed in different positions. DESIGN AND SETTING: 2 x 3 (exercise by position) within-subjects design with repeated measures on both factors. All testing was performed in a university laboratory. ...
Davoodi Rahman - - 2004
An indoor personal rowing machine (Concept 2 Inc., Morrisville, VT) has been modified for functional electrical stimulation assisted rowing exercise in paraplegia. To successfully perform the rowing maneuver, the voluntarily controlled upper body movements must be coordinated with the movements of the electrically stimulated paralyzed legs. To achieve such coordination, ...
Watenpaugh Donald E - - 2004
We hypothesized that gravitational stimuli elicit cardiovascular responses in the following order with gravitational stress equalized at the level of the feet, from lowest to highest response: short-(SAC) and long-arm centrifugation (LAC), tilt, and lower body negative pressure (LBNP). Up to 15 healthy subjects underwent graded application of the four ...
Green James M - - 2004
Elliptical exercise has recently increased in popularity. However, little is known regarding heart rate and perceptual responses during this exercise mode even though such information is important with respect to prescribing and regulating exercise intensity. In the current study, heart rate and perceived exertion were compared between treadmill and elliptical ...
Fenech Marianne - - 2004
Extracellular (ECW) and intracellular (ICW) volumes were measured using both segmental and wrist-ankle (W-A) bioimpedance spectroscopy (5-1000 kHz) in 15 healthy subjects (7 men, 8 women). In the 1st protocol, the subject, after sitting for 30 min, laid supine for at least 30 min. In the second protocol, the subject, ...
Melin Amanda D - - 2004
We present a two-part undergraduate laboratory exercise. In the first part, electron transport in bovine heart submitochondrial particles causing reduction of cytochrome c is monitored at 550 nm. Redox-active dyes have historically been used in most previous undergraduate laboratory exercises of this sort but do not demonstrate respiratory inhibition by ...
Bartok Cynthia - - 2004
Given that some wrestlers arrive for minimum weight (MW) testing in a dehydrated condition, it is important to understand the effects of dehydration on MW assessment methods. PURPOSE: To determine the effect of dehydration on the assessment of MW by three-site skinfolds with the Lohman formula (SF), leg-to-leg bioelectrical impedance ...
Takagi Hideki - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to analyse stroke phases, arm-leg coordination and trunk motion fluctuation during breaststroke in elite male and female 50, 100 and 200 m events at the 9th FINA World Swimming Championships, Fukuoka 2001. Four phases of the arm stroke and three phases of the leg ...
Kamiya Atsunori - - 2004
Although spaceflight and bed rest are known to cause muscular atrophy in the antigravity muscles of the legs, the changes in sympathetic and cardiovascular responses to exercises using the atrophied muscles remain unknown. We hypothesized that bed rest would augment sympathetic responses to isometric exercise using antigravity leg muscles in ...
Tachi Masanobu - - 2004
This study aimed to examine the influences of circulatory difference on the utilization of O(2) and the progression of fatigue in the tibialis anterior (TA) muscle during dorsiflexion exercise, with reference to different body postures. The subjects performed intermittent static dorsiflexion at 50% of maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) up to ...
Volianitis S - - 2004
We investigated arm perfusion and metabolism during upper body exercise. Eight average, fit subjects and seven rowers, mean +/- SE maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max) 157 +/- 7 and 223 +/- 14 ml O2. kg(-0.73).min(-1), respectively, performed incremental arm cranking to exhaustion. Arm blood flow (ABF) was measured with thermodilution ...
Vilpoux Kathia - - 2003
Aspects of pantopod ontogeny have been known for a long time, but specific information is available for only a few species. Our account of the postembryonic development of Pycnogonum litorale is based on laboratory-reared individuals and SEM studies. We documented particularly all early developmental stages, with emphasis on morphogenetic changes ...
Houdijk Han - - 2003
PURPOSE: The introduction of the klapskate in speed skating confronts skaters with the question of how to adjust the position of the hinge in order to maximize performance. The purpose of this study was to reveal the constraint that klapskate hinge position imposes on push-off performance in speed skating. METHOD: ...
Schalow G - - 2003
Coordination dynamics were measured in Parkinson's disease patients to quantify central nervous system (CNS) dysfunction. The low-load coordination dynamics in the patients were impaired by 56% for forward and 44% for backward moving in comparison to a control group of similar age. Exercising at higher load was only partly possible. ...
Nielsen Jens Jung - - 2004
A rise in extracellular potassium concentration in human skeletal muscle may play an important role in development of fatigue during intense exercise. The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of intense intermittent training on muscle interstitial potassium kinetics and its relationship to the density of Na(+),K(+)-ATPase ...
Trappe Todd - - 2004
We combined the interstitial sampling method of microdialysis with the natural tracer qualities (i.e. non-recyclability) of the amino acid 3-methylhistidine (3MH) to uniquely study in vivo degradation of the two most abundant skeletal muscle proteins, myosin and actin. Interstitial 3MH concentration was measured before and for 24 h following a ...
Motl Robert W - - 2003
The amplitude of the Hoffman reflex (H-reflex) in the soleus muscle is attenuated after acute bouts of leg-cycling exercise. The attenuation has been interpreted as a "tranquilizing" effect of exercise controlled by the central nervous system and generalized beyond a single spinal segmental level. If so, the postexercise depression of ...
Saboisky Julian - - 2003
In this study we measured the central activation ratio (CAR) of the leg extensors and the elbow flexor muscles before and after exhaustive exercise in the heat to determine whether exercise-induced hyperthermia affects the CNS drive to exercised (leg extensors) and/or non-exercised (forearm flexors) muscle groups. Thirteen subjects exercised at ...
Chromiak Joseph A - - 2003
Our purpose was to examine the effect of the chest press and leg press exercises on intraocular pressure (IOP) in physically active, college-aged students. Fifteen healthy males and 15 females performed 3 sets of 10 repetitions of the chest press or leg press with 70% 1 repetition maximum (1RM). IOP ...
Muraki Satoshi - - 2004
The present study investigated the difference in oxygen kinetics in the exercising muscle between arm cranking and leg cycling in women. Twenty-seven females completed incremental arm cranking and leg cycling tests on separate days. During each exercise, spatially resolved near-infrared spectroscopy was used to measure changes in the tissue oxygen ...
Sumners D Paul - - 2003
The aim of the present investigation was to test the hypothesis that long-term modulation (LTM) of the exercise ventilatory response, evidenced as an augmentation in minute ventilation (V(I)) and tidal volume (VT) during the early phase of exercise, is only evident when the muscle groups recruited are the same during ...
Juel Carsten - - 2004
The study investigated the effect of training on lactate and H+ release from human skeletal muscle during one-legged knee-extensor exercise. Six subjects were tested after 7-8 wk of training (fifteen 1-min bouts at approximately 150% of thigh maximal O2 uptake per day). Blood samples, blood flow, and muscle biopsies were ...
Watt Matthew J - - 2004
To examine the effect of attenuated epinephrine and elevated insulin on intramuscular hormone sensitivity lipase activity (HSLa) during exercise, seven men performed 120 min of semirecumbent cycling (60% peak pulmonary oxygen uptake) on two occasions while ingesting either 250 ml of a 6.4% carbohydrate (GLU) or sweet placebo (CON) beverage ...
Motl Robert W - - 2003
This study compared the immediate and prolonged effects of acute bouts of active and passive leg cycling on the soleus H-reflex among 12 young healthy men. The soleus H-reflex was measured immediately before and then 10 and 30 min after 20 min of active, unloaded leg cycling, passively induced leg ...
Scott Adam C - - 2003
A causative role for symptom generation in heart failure has been attributed to overactive muscle afferents, metaboreflex and mechanoreflex. We examined the reproducibility of the methods commonly used to assess these reflexes. Twelve stable heart failure patients (62.8+/-2.4 years) and 18 normals were studied. The metaboreflex was evaluated on both ...
Clark Kathryn M - - 2003
The objective of this pilot study was to determine the effect of 6 different abdominal exercises on the electrical activity of the upper rectus abdominis (URA) and lower rectus abdominis (LRA). Eight healthy, adult volunteers completed 6 random abdominal exercises: curl up, Sissel ball curl up, Ab Trainer curl up, ...
Carter Rick - - 2003
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To investigate differences in work capacity for the arms and legs in patients with moderate-to-severe COPD. DESIGN: Cross-sectional investigation. PATIENTS: One hundred twenty-four patients (90 men and 34 women) aged 45 to 81 years with moderate-to-very severe COPD. FEV(1) ranged from 0.70 to 2.79 L/min (FVC, 1.73 to ...
Proctor David N - - 2003
The purpose of the present study was to test the hypothesis that leg blood flow responses during leg cycle ergometry are reduced with age in healthy non-estrogen-replaced women. Thirteen younger (20-27 yr) and thirteen older (61-71 yr) normotensive, non-endurance-trained women performed both graded and constant-load bouts of leg cycling at ...
Mumcuoglu K Y - - 2003
A leg of the body louse, Pediculus humanus humanus L. (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae), was found in a storeroom at Masada build during the reign of King Herod the Great. The unearthed culture material clearly indicates that the room was occupied by the rebels during the first Jewish revolt against the Romans ...
Louis Magali - - 2003
Muscle hypertrophy during resistance training is reportedly increased by creatine supplementation. Having previously failed to find an anabolic effect on muscle protein turnover at rest, either fed or fasted, we have now examined the possibility of a stimulatory effect of creatine in conjunction with acute resistance exercise. Seven healthy men ...
Koch Dennis W - - 2003
Vasoconstrictor responsiveness to acute sympathetic stimulation declines with advancing age in resting skeletal muscle. The purpose of the present study was to determine if age-related reductions in sympathetic vasoconstrictor responsiveness also occur in exercising skeletal muscle. Thirteen younger (20-30 years) and seven older (62-74 years) healthy non-endurance-trained men performed cycle ...
Sugawara Jun - - 2003
We examined the effect of low-intensity single-leg exercise (20 or 30 watt, 5 min) on pulse wave velocity from the femoral to the ankle arteries in 18 young men. After the exercise, the velocity significantly decreased in the exercised leg, but not in the counterpart, suggesting that the decrease in ...
Lawrenson L - - 2003
To determine the effect of age on quadriceps muscle blood flow (QMBF), leg vascular resistance (LVR), and maximum oxygen uptake (QVO2 max), a thermal dilution technique was used in conjunction with arterial and venous femoral blood sampling in six sedentary young (19.8 +/- 1.3 yr) and six sedentary old (66.5 ...
Augustsson Jesper - - 2003
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of pre-exhaustion exercise on lower-extremity muscle activation during a leg press exercise. Pre-exhaustion exercise, a technique frequently used by weight trainers, involves combining a single-joint exercise immediately followed by a related multijoint exercise (e.g., a knee extension exercise followed by ...
Febbraio Mark A - - 2003
To examine whether glucose ingestion during exercise affects the release of interleukin-6 (IL-6) from the contracting limb, seven men performed 120 min of semi-recumbent cycling on two occasions while ingesting either 250 ml of a 6.4 % carbohydrate (GLU trial) or sweet placebo (CON trial) beverage at the onset of, ...
Tuisku Katinka - - 2003
An objective marker of restless legs syndrome (RLS) is needed for developing diagnostic tools and monitoring symptoms. Actometric ambulatory monitoring of 15 RLS patients and 15 healthy controls was undertaken in order to differentiate between RLS-related motor symptoms and normal motor activity. Nocturnal lower-limb activity per minute differentiated and discriminated ...
Nordsborg Nikolai - - 2003
Interstitial K+ ([K+]i) was measured in human skeletal muscle by microdialysis during exhaustive leg exercise, with (AL) and without (L) previous intense arm exercise. In addition, the reproducibility of the [K+]i determinations was examined. Possible microdialysis-induced rupture of the sarcolemma was assessed by measurement of carnosine in the dialysate, because ...
Helge Jørn W - - 2003
This study investigates the adaptive response of the lower limb muscles and substrate oxidation during submaximal arm or leg exercise after a crossing of the Greenland icecap on cross-country skies. Before and after the 42-day expedition, four male subjects performed cycle ergometer and arm-cranking exercise on two separate days. On ...
Davoodi R - - 2003
An indoor rowing machine has been modified for functional electrical stimulation (FES) assisted rowing exercise in paraplegia. To perform the rowing manoeuvre successfully, however, the voluntarily controlled upper body movements must be co-ordinated with the movements of the electrically stimulated paralysed legs. To achieve such co-ordination, an automatic FES controller ...
Kahn S R - - 2003
Graduated elastic compression stockings (ECS) are often prescribed after deep venous thrombosis (DVT) to alleviate acute symptoms and to prevent and treat post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS). In patients with DVT, leg symptoms tend to worsen with exercise. The effects of ECS use during exercise have not been studied. Objectives were to ...
Leaf David A - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Delay in maturation or failure of maturation of Cimino-Brescia fistulae contributes to the significant vascular access-related morbidity of chronic hemodialysis patients. Increased size and capacitance of native veins before the formation of vascular access has been considered an important variable in the success rate of native fistulae. We evaluated ...
Kahn Susan R - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The postthrombotic syndrome (PTS) occurs frequently after deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and is believed to worsen with upright posture and physical activity. However, the effects of exercise in patients with previous DVT have not been studied. STUDY OBJECTIVES: To determine whether previous DVT and PTS limit the ability to ...
Behm David G - - 2003
Ten resistance trained (RT) and 6 non-resistance trained (NRT) subjects were used to determine differences in quadriceps activation between isometric single and double knee extensions and squat contractions. Greater inactivation, as measured by the interpolated twitch technique, was recorded with single (RT: 16.5%, NRT: 17.6%) than double leg extensions (RT: ...
Proctor David N - - 2003
The purpose of the present study was to test the hypothesis that leg blood flow responses during submaximal cycle ergometry are reduced with age in healthy normally active men. Eleven younger (20-25 yr) and eight older (62-73 yr) normotensive, nonendurance-trained men performed both graded and constant-load bouts of leg cycling ...
Volianitis S - - 2003
The cardiovascular response to exercise with several groups of skeletal muscle implies that work with the legs may reduce arm blood flow. This study followed arm blood flow (Yarm) and oxygenation on the transition from arm cranking (A) to combined arm and leg exercise (A+L). Seven healthy male subjects performed ...
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