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Results 301 - 350 of 927
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Sporer Ben C - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to compare the incidence of entrainment of breathing (ENT) between cyclists (C; n=8) and non-cyclists (NC; n=8) during leg cycling (LC) and arm cycling (AC). No subjects were training regularly in upper body endurance exercise. Day 1 consisted of spirometry and a VO2max test ...
Ogoh Shigehiko - - 2006
The purpose of this investigation was to examine whether the effect of changes in central blood volume on carotid-vasomotor baroreflex sensitivity at rest was the same during exercise. Eight men (means +/- SE: age 26 +/- 1 yr; height 180 +/- 3 cm; weight 86 +/- 6 kg) participated in ...
Bateman Philip W - - 2006
Both male and female field crickets (Gryllus bimaculatus) autotomize front (tympanal) limbs more slowly than hind limbs. Arguably, this pattern could reflect possible differences in the mechanism of limb autotomy. However, we demonstrate that, for females, limb autotomy is also dependent on their mating status: virgin females autotomize front legs ...
Calbet J A L - - 2006
During maximal whole body exercise VO2 peak is limited by O2 delivery. In turn, it is though that blood flow at near-maximal exercise must be restrained by the sympathetic nervous system to maintain mean arterial pressure. To determine whether enhancing vasodilation across the leg results in higher O2 delivery and ...
Liang Huey-Wen - - 2006
"Effort" axillary-subclavian vein thrombosis (Paget-Schroetter syndrome) is an uncommon deep venous thrombosis due to repetitive activity of the upper limbs. Most cases of this condition are related to strenuous or prolonged sport or occupational activities, while others are associated with endogenous or exogenous risk factors. We report the case of ...
Dolmage Thomas E - - 2006
BACKGROUND: In patients with COPD, exercise intensity is often limited by the ventilatory system. We hypothesized that by exercising with a smaller muscle mass, ventilatory-limited patients would perform more high-intensity, muscle-specific work. The study objectives were as follows: (1) to determine the limitations of exercising with a smaller muscle mass, ...
Nygren Anders T - - 2006
PURPOSE: To detect skeletal muscle ischemia with transverse relaxometry after ischemic exercise. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten subjects with intermittent claudication were studied. T2 was measured in the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles (m. gastrocnemius and m. soleus) at rest and repeatedly after exercise during 45 minutes of recovery. Prior to MRI ...
Helge Joern W - - 2006
This study investigates the effect of prolonged whole-body low-intensity exercise on insulin sensitivity and the limb muscle adaptive response. Seven male subjects (weight, 90.2 +/- 3.2 kg; age, 35 +/- 3 years) completed a 32-day unsupported crossing of the Greenland icecap on cross-country skies pulling sleighs. The subjects were studied ...
Vogiatzis Ioannis - - 2006
Diaphragmatic fatigue occurs in highly trained athletes during exhaustive exercise. Since approximately half of them also exhibit exercise-induced arterial hypoxaemia (EIAH) during high-intensity exercise, the present study sought to test the hypothesis that arterial hypoxaemia contributes to exercise-induced diaphragmatic fatigue in this population. Ten cyclists ( : 70.0 +/- 1.6 ...
Lane Kirstin - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the acute effects of exercise on the lymphatic system. Thus, the purpose was to determine the effect of low versus high intensity upper body exercise on lymphatic function in healthy females. METHODS AND RESULTS: On separate days, eight females performed either HI: 12 repeated sets ...
Tanaka Hirofumi - - 2006
PURPOSE: Regular exercise augments endothelium-dependent vasodilatory capacity in the vasculature located in the nonworking limbs. We determined whether blood flow as well as shear stress would change in inactive limbs during acute incremental exercise. METHODS: Eight young healthy female subjects performed graded exercise on arm and leg cycle ergometers that ...
Kibisa Raimundas - - 2006
The aim of the study was to analyze the effect of the passive foot flexion on peripheral and systemic blood circulations in the state of rest of persons adapted to endurance physical loads, and on patients during surgery. METHODS: In the first series of experiments which included 16 males in ...
Kennedy Michael D - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is used to assess muscle oxygenation (MO) within skeletal muscle at rest and during aerobic exercise. Previous investigations have used a single probe placement to measure MO during various forms of exercise. However, regional MO differences have been shown to exist within the same muscle ...
Kimura Iris F - - 2006
CONTEXT: Slideboard exercise is consistent with the American College of Sports Medicine guidelines for exercise intensity of 55% to 90% of maximal heart rate or 40% to 85% of maximal oxygen uptake. OBJECTIVE: To determine if slideboard exercise while in a leg harness increases the metabolic and cardiorespiratory demands. DESIGN: ...
Walsh L D - - 2006
This is a study of the ability of blindfolded human subjects to match the position of their forearms before and after eccentric exercise. The hypothesis tested was that the sense of effort contributed to forearm position sense. The fall in force after the exercise was predicted to alter the relationship ...
Ubbink D T - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To examine the reproducibility and clinical applicability of near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) in patients with leg ischaemia. DESIGN: Prospective comparative diagnostic study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Routinely measured peripheral blood pressure and microcirculatory parameters were compared with tissue oxygen saturation (TsO(2)) measurements using a new NIRS device on the calf muscle ...
Schalow G - - 2005
A special movement therapy, called coordination dynamics therapy, has been reported to have the potential to improve central nervous system (CNS) functioning in Parkinson's disease patients. Electromyography using surface electrodes (sEMG) showed that the rhythmic muscle activity leading to Parkinsonian tremor was generated in the patients by the impairment of ...
Saito T - - 2005
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate venous function in patients with leg lymphedema during exercise using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), compared with that of patients with chronic venous insufficiency (CVI). METHODS: Forty-three legs of 33 patients (5 males, 28 females; mean age: 53 years) with leg lymphedema without ...
Johansson K - - 2005
Clinical trials of the effect of physical exercise on breast cancer related arm lymphedema (ALE) are very rare. The aim of this study was to examine if controlled low intensity arm exercises with weights, with or without a compression sleeve, influence breast cancer related ALE. Thirty-one breast cancer treated patients ...
Schiffer Thorsten - - 2005
This study tested the hypothesis that in humans mild leg exercise affects haemostasis in normobaric hypoxia and thus avoids the development of a deep venous thrombosis (DVT). Eight young men breathed in a 15.4% oxygen in nitrogen gas mixture for 2 hrs while seated at rest (R) or seated and ...
Wray D Walter - - 2006
We sought to identify the relationship between shear stimuli and flow-mediated vasodilation and to determine whether small muscle mass exercise training could provoke limb-specific improvements in endothelial function in older subjects. In five young (22 +/- 1 yr old) and six old (71 +/- 2 yr old) subjects, ultrasound Doppler ...
Leblanc H - - 2005
The aim of this study was to compare the arm-leg coordination in flat breaststroke among four groups of swimmers (elite males, elite females and non-elite males, non-elite females) of two different competitive levels. Using a velocity-video system, both forward acceleration and deceleration phases of the hip were first identified. Based ...
Koch Dennis W - - 2005
Understanding the effects of physiological aging on blood flow to active skeletal muscle and its regulation during exercise has important functional, hemodynamic, and metabolic implications for our rapidly expanding elderly population. During peak exercise involving a large muscle mass, blood flow to the legs is lower in healthy older compared ...
Saj Arnaud - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The anticlockwise (ACW) deviation of the visual and visuohaptic subjective verticals (SVs), known to occur in patients with right hemisphere lesion, is amplified by spatial neglect (N). These patients have only been assessed when sitting. We investigated the hypothesis that postural changes modulate visuohaptic SV deviation. METHODS: ...
Bell Harold J - - 2006
We used a novel movement transition technique to look for evidence of a rapid onset drive to breathe related to the active component of exercise in humans. Ten volunteers performed the following transitions in a specially designed tandem exercise chair apparatus: rest to passive movement, passive to active movement, and ...
Ogata H - - 2005
AIM: The purpose of this study was to compare the changes in oxygenation in exercising vastus lateralis muscle (VL) and lateral gastrocnemius muscle (LG) when arm cranking is added to on-going leg cycling. METHODS: Change in oxygenation (difference between concentrations of oxygenated hemoglobin and deoxygenated hemoglobin, HbD) was determined using ...
Moseley A L - - 2005
The aim of this study was to explore the benefits of gentle arm exercise combined with deep breathing for secondary arm lymphedema. 38 women participated in 10 minutes of standardized arm exercise and deep breathing and were measured every 10 minutes for 1 hour, then 24 hours and 1 week ...
Allen Richard P - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The diagnostic criteria for restless legs syndrome (RLS) indicate that both time-of-day and rest effects induce or aggravate symptoms. Periodic limb movements while awake (PLMW) provide an objective motor sign of RLS that can be measured during an awake suggested immobilization test (SIT). This study uses the ...
Vestering Myrthe M - - 2005
Due to a decrease in physical activity, lower limb amputees experience a decline in physical fitness. This causes problems in walking with a prosthesis because energy expenditure in walking with a prosthesis is much higher than in walking with two sound legs. Exercise training may therefore increase the functional walking ...
Hirsch Mark A - - 2005
Botulinum toxin (BTX) is often used to improve arm function in persons with hemiparesis after stroke. Persons injected into the arm sometimes report changes in their gait. The purpose of this open-labeled pilot study was to investigate the association between injecting BTX into the upper limb and ankle and knee ...
Enevoldsen L H - - 2005
Six young, healthy male subjects were each studied in two experiments: (1) during resting conditions before and for 360 min after a meal (54% of energy as carbohydrate, 30% of energy as lipid, and 16% of energy as protein) comprising 25% of their total daily energy intake (M-->R); and (2) ...
Arimoto Morio - - 2005
The purpose of this study is to examine the cardiovascular and metabolic responses between dynamic and static exercise when a leg press exercise is performed. Seven participants (20-21 yrs) were recruited for the experiment. Four modes of dynamic or static leg press exercise were assigned in two combined conditions: a ...
Watanabe Shigeyuki - - 2005
BACKGROUND: In patients with chronic heart failure, an inadequate increase in muscle blood flow resulting from impaired vasodilation plays a key role in their exercise intolerance. However, no non-invasive methods to assess muscle vasodilation during dynamic exercise were available. We investigated whether the changes in tissue hemoglobin and myoglobin content ...
Loeppky Jack A - - 2005
This study tested whether ischemic exercise training (Tr(IS+EX)) would increase endurance of ischemic (Ex(IS)) and ramp exercise (Ex(RA)) knee-extension tests more than exercise training (Tr(EX)) alone. Ten healthy subjects performed pre- and posttraining tests with each leg. For Ex(RA), after subjects warmed up, a weight was added each minute until ...
Alberty M - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to analyse the effects of an exhaustive exercise on arm coordination and intracyclic velocity variations (IVV) to better understand the ways in which they are modified under fatigue conditions. Seventeen competitive swimmers performed a 200-m all-out test and a set of two 25-m (before ...
Boutcher Yati N - - 2005
Aerobically trained athletes possess enhanced vasodilatory capacity and venous capacitance in their exercising muscles. However, whether they also possess these characteristics in their non-specific exercising muscles is undetermined. This study examined vasodilatory capacity and venous capacitance of specific (legs) and non-specific exercising muscles (arms) of ten trained runners and ten ...
Sunnerhagen K S - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether one-legged bicycling correlates with muscle strength and thereby could work as an outcome measure for persons with stroke. METHODS: The study comprised 29 men (age 35-65) with a first occurrence of stroke 6-35 months earlier. Each leg was evaluated separately. A ramp protocol was used (10 ...
Wilcock Andrew - - 2005
We report the development of an arm exercise test to assess breathlessness in patients with lung cancer who are breathless at low levels of exertion. Exercise consisted of raising the arm over 40 cm, either the dominant arm only (n=10) or both arms alternating at minute intervals (n=12). Subjects breathed ...
Seeley Matthew K MK University of Kentucky , - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to examine reaction forces transmitted to the upper extremities of high-level gymnasts during the round-off phase of the Yurchenko vault. A secondary purpose of this study was to compare reaction forces during the Yurchenko vault to reaction forces observed in a tumbling pass during ...
Calbet J A L - - 2005
To determine whether conditions for O2 utilization and O2 off-loading from the hemoglobin are different in exercising arms and legs, six cross-country skiers participated in this study. Femoral and subclavian vein blood flow and gases were determined during skiing on a treadmill at approximately 76% maximal O2 uptake (V(O2)max) and ...
Wray D Walter - - 2005
Using a step-wise, reductionist approach we characterized the time course and degree to which mechanical, vasodilatory and cardiac mechanisms contribute to the increase in leg blood flow (LBF) at the onset of dynamic knee-extensor exercise. Heart rate (HR) and LBF (ultrasound Doppler) were evaluated during (1) voluntary and (2) passive ...
White Lesley J - - 2005
Strength and maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) for each leg were compared in a trained multiple sclerosis (MS) patient with exertional left monoparesis. Left quadriceps strength and left leg VO2max were 22% and 30% lower, respectively, compared to the right (control) leg. Because the same O2 delivery system served each leg ...
Yamashita Koichi - - 2005
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of foot exercise with an intermittent pneumatic foot compression (IPC) device on blood flow velocity of the femoral veins. DESIGN: Prospective, controlled study. SETTING: General intensive care unit of a university hospital. PATIENTS: 20 patients on bed rest in the intensive care unit. INTERVENTIONS: ...
Yu Guoqiang - - 2005
We have employed near-infrared optical methods to measure noninvasively the dynamics of muscle blood flow and oxygen saturation (StO2) during cuff occlusion and plantar flexion exercise. Relative muscle oxygen consumption (rVO2) was also computed from these data. Diffuse correlation spectroscopy provides information about blood flow, and diffuse reflectance spectroscopy provides ...
Wray D Walter - - 2005
Arm and leg vascular responsiveness to comparable shear stimuli during isolated dynamic exercise has not been assessed in humans. Consequently, six young cyclists performed incremental, intermittent handgrip exercise (arm) and knee-extensor exercise (leg) from 5 to 60% of maximal work rate (WR). Ultrasound Doppler measurements were taken in the brachial ...
Fisher James P - - 2005
At the onset of both electrically evoked (STIM) and voluntary (VOL) isometric calf exercise there is an increase in vascular conductance of the contralateral lower limb, suggesting withdrawal of muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA). Seven subjects performed STIM or VOL ischaemic calf exercise at 30% maximum voluntary contraction in a ...
Egaña Mikel - - 2005
To explore the effect of posture on muscle performance, we tested the effects of body tilt angle on the strength, endurance, and fatigue of, and blood flow into, the plantar flexors. Human subjects were fixed to a tilt table that could tilt them from the horizontal (0 degrees ) to ...
Willems T M - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to determine prospectively gait related risk factors for exercise-related lower leg pain (ERLLP) in 400 physical education students. Static lower leg alignment was determined, and 3D gait kinematics combined with plantar pressure profiles were collected. After this evaluation, all sports injuries were registered by ...
Lane Kirstin - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Currently, there is not a standardized protocol to evaluate lymphatic function in women. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of arm crank ergometry (AC) and handgrip contractions (HG) on radiopharmaceutical clearance from the hands of six healthy females. METHODS AND RESULTS: On separate days, ...
Mukherjee G - - 2004
Disabled people in India frequently use the arm-crank propelled three-wheeled chair (ACWC) for outdoor transportation. Two models of these chairs are commercially available: one is powered by cranking using one arm (ACWC-1) and the other uses both arms (ACWC-2). The purpose of the study was to compare the efficiency of ...
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