Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 908
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Schiffer Thorsten - - 2005
This study tested the hypothesis that in humans mild leg exercise affects haemostasis in normobaric hypoxia and thus avoids the development of a deep venous thrombosis (DVT). Eight young men breathed in a 15.4% oxygen in nitrogen gas mixture for 2 hrs while seated at rest (R) or seated and ...
Wray D Walter - - 2006
We sought to identify the relationship between shear stimuli and flow-mediated vasodilation and to determine whether small muscle mass exercise training could provoke limb-specific improvements in endothelial function in older subjects. In five young (22 +/- 1 yr old) and six old (71 +/- 2 yr old) subjects, ultrasound Doppler ...
Leblanc H - - 2005
The aim of this study was to compare the arm-leg coordination in flat breaststroke among four groups of swimmers (elite males, elite females and non-elite males, non-elite females) of two different competitive levels. Using a velocity-video system, both forward acceleration and deceleration phases of the hip were first identified. Based ...
Koch Dennis W - - 2005
Understanding the effects of physiological aging on blood flow to active skeletal muscle and its regulation during exercise has important functional, hemodynamic, and metabolic implications for our rapidly expanding elderly population. During peak exercise involving a large muscle mass, blood flow to the legs is lower in healthy older compared ...
Saj Arnaud - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The anticlockwise (ACW) deviation of the visual and visuohaptic subjective verticals (SVs), known to occur in patients with right hemisphere lesion, is amplified by spatial neglect (N). These patients have only been assessed when sitting. We investigated the hypothesis that postural changes modulate visuohaptic SV deviation. METHODS: ...
Bell Harold J - - 2006
We used a novel movement transition technique to look for evidence of a rapid onset drive to breathe related to the active component of exercise in humans. Ten volunteers performed the following transitions in a specially designed tandem exercise chair apparatus: rest to passive movement, passive to active movement, and ...
Ogata H - - 2005
AIM: The purpose of this study was to compare the changes in oxygenation in exercising vastus lateralis muscle (VL) and lateral gastrocnemius muscle (LG) when arm cranking is added to on-going leg cycling. METHODS: Change in oxygenation (difference between concentrations of oxygenated hemoglobin and deoxygenated hemoglobin, HbD) was determined using ...
Moseley A L - - 2005
The aim of this study was to explore the benefits of gentle arm exercise combined with deep breathing for secondary arm lymphedema. 38 women participated in 10 minutes of standardized arm exercise and deep breathing and were measured every 10 minutes for 1 hour, then 24 hours and 1 week ...
Allen Richard P - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The diagnostic criteria for restless legs syndrome (RLS) indicate that both time-of-day and rest effects induce or aggravate symptoms. Periodic limb movements while awake (PLMW) provide an objective motor sign of RLS that can be measured during an awake suggested immobilization test (SIT). This study uses the ...
Vestering Myrthe M - - 2005
Due to a decrease in physical activity, lower limb amputees experience a decline in physical fitness. This causes problems in walking with a prosthesis because energy expenditure in walking with a prosthesis is much higher than in walking with two sound legs. Exercise training may therefore increase the functional walking ...
Hirsch Mark A - - 2005
Botulinum toxin (BTX) is often used to improve arm function in persons with hemiparesis after stroke. Persons injected into the arm sometimes report changes in their gait. The purpose of this open-labeled pilot study was to investigate the association between injecting BTX into the upper limb and ankle and knee ...
Enevoldsen L H - - 2005
Six young, healthy male subjects were each studied in two experiments: (1) during resting conditions before and for 360 min after a meal (54% of energy as carbohydrate, 30% of energy as lipid, and 16% of energy as protein) comprising 25% of their total daily energy intake (M-->R); and (2) ...
Arimoto Morio - - 2005
The purpose of this study is to examine the cardiovascular and metabolic responses between dynamic and static exercise when a leg press exercise is performed. Seven participants (20-21 yrs) were recruited for the experiment. Four modes of dynamic or static leg press exercise were assigned in two combined conditions: a ...
Watanabe Shigeyuki - - 2005
BACKGROUND: In patients with chronic heart failure, an inadequate increase in muscle blood flow resulting from impaired vasodilation plays a key role in their exercise intolerance. However, no non-invasive methods to assess muscle vasodilation during dynamic exercise were available. We investigated whether the changes in tissue hemoglobin and myoglobin content ...
Loeppky Jack A - - 2005
This study tested whether ischemic exercise training (Tr(IS+EX)) would increase endurance of ischemic (Ex(IS)) and ramp exercise (Ex(RA)) knee-extension tests more than exercise training (Tr(EX)) alone. Ten healthy subjects performed pre- and posttraining tests with each leg. For Ex(RA), after subjects warmed up, a weight was added each minute until ...
Alberty M - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to analyse the effects of an exhaustive exercise on arm coordination and intracyclic velocity variations (IVV) to better understand the ways in which they are modified under fatigue conditions. Seventeen competitive swimmers performed a 200-m all-out test and a set of two 25-m (before ...
Boutcher Yati N - - 2005
Aerobically trained athletes possess enhanced vasodilatory capacity and venous capacitance in their exercising muscles. However, whether they also possess these characteristics in their non-specific exercising muscles is undetermined. This study examined vasodilatory capacity and venous capacitance of specific (legs) and non-specific exercising muscles (arms) of ten trained runners and ten ...
Sunnerhagen K S - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether one-legged bicycling correlates with muscle strength and thereby could work as an outcome measure for persons with stroke. METHODS: The study comprised 29 men (age 35-65) with a first occurrence of stroke 6-35 months earlier. Each leg was evaluated separately. A ramp protocol was used (10 ...
Wilcock Andrew - - 2005
We report the development of an arm exercise test to assess breathlessness in patients with lung cancer who are breathless at low levels of exertion. Exercise consisted of raising the arm over 40 cm, either the dominant arm only (n=10) or both arms alternating at minute intervals (n=12). Subjects breathed ...
Seeley Matthew K MK University of Kentucky , - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to examine reaction forces transmitted to the upper extremities of high-level gymnasts during the round-off phase of the Yurchenko vault. A secondary purpose of this study was to compare reaction forces during the Yurchenko vault to reaction forces observed in a tumbling pass during ...
Calbet J A L - - 2005
To determine whether conditions for O2 utilization and O2 off-loading from the hemoglobin are different in exercising arms and legs, six cross-country skiers participated in this study. Femoral and subclavian vein blood flow and gases were determined during skiing on a treadmill at approximately 76% maximal O2 uptake (V(O2)max) and ...
Wray D Walter - - 2005
Using a step-wise, reductionist approach we characterized the time course and degree to which mechanical, vasodilatory and cardiac mechanisms contribute to the increase in leg blood flow (LBF) at the onset of dynamic knee-extensor exercise. Heart rate (HR) and LBF (ultrasound Doppler) were evaluated during (1) voluntary and (2) passive ...
White Lesley J - - 2005
Strength and maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) for each leg were compared in a trained multiple sclerosis (MS) patient with exertional left monoparesis. Left quadriceps strength and left leg VO2max were 22% and 30% lower, respectively, compared to the right (control) leg. Because the same O2 delivery system served each leg ...
Yamashita Koichi - - 2005
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of foot exercise with an intermittent pneumatic foot compression (IPC) device on blood flow velocity of the femoral veins. DESIGN: Prospective, controlled study. SETTING: General intensive care unit of a university hospital. PATIENTS: 20 patients on bed rest in the intensive care unit. INTERVENTIONS: ...
Yu Guoqiang - - 2005
We have employed near-infrared optical methods to measure noninvasively the dynamics of muscle blood flow and oxygen saturation (StO2) during cuff occlusion and plantar flexion exercise. Relative muscle oxygen consumption (rVO2) was also computed from these data. Diffuse correlation spectroscopy provides information about blood flow, and diffuse reflectance spectroscopy provides ...
Wray D Walter - - 2005
Arm and leg vascular responsiveness to comparable shear stimuli during isolated dynamic exercise has not been assessed in humans. Consequently, six young cyclists performed incremental, intermittent handgrip exercise (arm) and knee-extensor exercise (leg) from 5 to 60% of maximal work rate (WR). Ultrasound Doppler measurements were taken in the brachial ...
Fisher James P - - 2005
At the onset of both electrically evoked (STIM) and voluntary (VOL) isometric calf exercise there is an increase in vascular conductance of the contralateral lower limb, suggesting withdrawal of muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA). Seven subjects performed STIM or VOL ischaemic calf exercise at 30% maximum voluntary contraction in a ...
Egaña Mikel - - 2005
To explore the effect of posture on muscle performance, we tested the effects of body tilt angle on the strength, endurance, and fatigue of, and blood flow into, the plantar flexors. Human subjects were fixed to a tilt table that could tilt them from the horizontal (0 degrees ) to ...
Willems T M - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to determine prospectively gait related risk factors for exercise-related lower leg pain (ERLLP) in 400 physical education students. Static lower leg alignment was determined, and 3D gait kinematics combined with plantar pressure profiles were collected. After this evaluation, all sports injuries were registered by ...
Lane Kirstin - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Currently, there is not a standardized protocol to evaluate lymphatic function in women. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of arm crank ergometry (AC) and handgrip contractions (HG) on radiopharmaceutical clearance from the hands of six healthy females. METHODS AND RESULTS: On separate days, ...
Mukherjee G - - 2004
Disabled people in India frequently use the arm-crank propelled three-wheeled chair (ACWC) for outdoor transportation. Two models of these chairs are commercially available: one is powered by cranking using one arm (ACWC-1) and the other uses both arms (ACWC-2). The purpose of the study was to compare the efficiency of ...
Markham Larry W - - 2004
Often, the lack of systemic arterial hypertension and the lack of a resting arm-leg blood pressure gradient are used to assess the adequacy of the anatomic result after intervention for coarctation of the aorta (CoA). Some patients with no arm-leg gradient at rest may develop a gradient with exercise, leading ...
Polichnowski Aaron J - - 2005
Uncertainty exists as to whether a period of passive arterial occlusion (PAO) or ischemic exercise (IE) results in peak lower leg vascular conductance (LVC). This uncertainty is due to the different body positions, active muscle mass, and occlusion times used for PAO or IE. The purpose of this study was ...
Keller David Melvin - - 2004
Carotid baroreflex (CBR) function was examined in five men and three women (25 +/- 1 years) using the variable-pressure neck collar technique at rest and during dynamic, one-legged knee extension exercise at 7 W and 25 W. The CBR exhibited control of leg vascular conductance (LVC) at rest and during ...
Keller David Melvin - - 2004
In the present investigation we examined the role of ATP-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channel activity in modulating carotid baroreflex (CBR)-induced vasoconstriction in the vasculature of the leg. The CBR control of mean arterial pressure (MAP) and leg vascular conductance (LVC) was determined in seven subjects (25 +/- 1 years, mean +/- ...
Zehr E Paul - - 2004
Walking can be a very automated process, and it is likely that central pattern generators (CPGs) play a role in the coordination of the limbs. Recent evidence suggests that both the arms and legs are regulated by CPGs and that sensory feedback also regulates the CPG activity and assists in ...
Zhang Q - - 2004
We used photoplethysmography (PPG) to measure the relative changes in the anterior tibial muscle blood flow (MBF) in response to exercise when intramuscular pressure (IMP) was elevated (the test leg) or when IMP was normal (the control leg). The elevated IMP was induced by applying venous obstruction of 40 mmHg ...
Willardson Jeffrey M - - 2004
The purpose of this research was to devise prediction equations whereby a 10 repetition maximum (10RM) for the free weight parallel squat could be predicted using the following predictor variables: 10RM for the 45 degrees angled leg press, body mass, and limb length. Sixty men were tested over a 3-week ...
Sugawara Jun - - 2004
We previously reported that even low-intensity, short-duration acute aerobic exercise decreases arterial stiffness. We aimed to test the hypothesis that the exercise-induced decrease in arterial stiffness is caused by the increased production of NO in vascular endothelium with exercise. Nine healthy men (age: approximately 22-28 yr) performed a 5-min single-leg ...
Instebø Arne - - 2004
Coarctation of the aorta represents 5-7% of congenital heart defects. Symptoms and prognosis depend on the degree of stenosis, age at surgery, surgical method and the presence of other heart defects. Postoperative complications are hypertension, restenosis and an abnormal blood pressure response during exercise. This study includes 41 patients, 15-40 ...
Wray D Walter - - 2004
We sought to determine the dynamic relationship between carotid baroreflex (CBR)-mediated control and local control of the skeletal muscle vasculature during dynamic exercise. In 12 subjects (18-35 years old), oscillatory neck pressure (NP, +40 mmHg) was applied at 0.1 Hz (i.e. 5 s on, 5 s off) for 5 min ...
Krustrup Peter - - 2004
The present study tested the hypothesis that intense interval training enhances human skeletal muscle blood flow and oxygen uptake (VO2) at the onset of dynamic exercise. We also investigated whether possible training effects were dependent on exercise intensity. Six habitually active males carried out 7 weeks of intermittent-exercise one-legged knee-extensor ...
Crameri Regina M - - 2004
Increases in procollagen processing within skeletal muscle have previously been reported in small animal models only. While indirect measurements in humans have suggested an increase procollagen processing, no intra-skeletal muscle measurements have confirmed these findings. In this study, eight young healthy male subjects performed a single bout of unaccustomed high ...
Guedes J R P - - 2004
One strand of research on the scientific basis of homeopathy is based on inversion effects of dilutions and the biophysical properties of information transfer. A model developed by Endler, was the basis for the study of the influence of high-diluted solution (1:1026 part by weight) of thyroid glands on the ...
Dalsgaard Mads K - - 2004
When continuation of exercise calls for a "will," the cerebral metabolic ratio of O2 to (glucose + lactate) decreases, with the largest reduction (30-50%) at exhaustion. Because a larger effort is required to exercise with the arms than with the legs, we tested the hypothesis that the reduction in the ...
Qi Bao Quan - - 2004
Lumbosacral vertebral abnormalities are a common association of anorectal malformations (ARMs) and are one of the determinants of the eventual level of fecal continence that can be achieved. This study used a fetal rat model to investigate the spectrum of axial skeletal maldevelopment that may occur with ARMs. Time-mated pregnant ...
Durham William J - - 2004
The present study investigated the responses of leg glucose and protein metabolism during an acute bout of resistance exercise. Seven subjects (5 men, 2 women) were studied at rest and during a strenuous lower body resistance exercise regimen consisting of approximately 8 sets of 10 repetitions of leg press at ...
Walsh L D - - 2004
After a period of eccentric exercise of elbow flexor muscles of one arm in young, adult human subjects, muscles became fatigued and damaged. Damage indicators were a fall in force, change in resting elbow angle and delayed onset of soreness. After the exercise, subjects were asked to match the forearm ...
Huang Helen J - - 2004
During gait rehabilitation, therapists or robotic devices often supply physical assistance to a patient's lower limbs to aid stepping. The expensive equipment and intensive manual labor required for these therapies limit their availability to patients. One alternative solution is to design devices where patients could use their upper limbs to ...
Calbet J A L - - 2004
That muscular blood flow may reach 2.5 l kg(-1) min(-1) in the quadriceps muscle has led to the suggestion that muscular vascular conductance must be restrained during whole body exercise to avoid hypotension. The main aim of this study was to determine the maximal arm and leg muscle vascular conductances ...
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