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Results 201 - 250 of 927
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Thijssen Dick H J - - 2009
During lower limb exercise, blood flow through the resting upper limbs exhibits a change characterized by increased anterograde flow during systole, but also large increases in retrograde diastolic flow. One explanation for the retrograde flow is that increased sympathetic nervous system (SNS) tone and concomitant increased peripheral resistance generate a ...
Hotta Norio - - 2009
We previously reported that ventilatory response at the onset of light leg exercise was augmented in delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) after eccentric exercise (ECC) utilizing the leg. In this study, we examined whether the same result would appear in light exercise in which an arm with DOMS was utilized. ...
Shecterle Linda - - 2008
Restless legs syndrome is a neurological disorder characterized by unpleasant sensations and pain, predominantly in the lower extremities while at rest, accompanied by an uncontrollable urge for movement for relief. We report on two affected male individuals, a father and son, ages 71 and 47, from a family in which ...
Kooijman M - - 2009
AIM: The prompt increase in peripheral vascular resistance, mediated by sympathetic alpha-adrenergic stimulation, is believed to be the key event in blood pressure control during postural stress. However, despite the absence of central sympathetic control of the leg vasculature, postural leg vasoconstriction is preserved in spinal cord-injured individuals (SCI). This ...
Konstantaki Maria - - 2008
CONTEXT: Forward propulsion in freestyle swimming is predominantly achieved through arm action. Few studies have assessed the effects of arm training on arm power and swimming performance, yet there have not been any investigations on the effects of arms-only swimming training on swimming performance and physiological responses to arm exercise. ...
van Duijnhoven Noortje T L - - 2008
This study was performed to assess the effect of resistive vibration exercise during bed rest deconditioning on venous vascular dimension and function, as measured with ultrasound in the popliteal vein. Sixteen men were assigned to bed rest (BR-Ctrl) or bed rest with resistive vibration exercise (BR-RVE). Before and at 25 ...
Akima Hiroshi - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to investigate the functional characteristics of the quadriceps femoris (QF) muscle group after the effect of presurgery disuse, surgery, and postsurgery disuse using surface electromyography and muscle functional magnetic resonance imaging (mfMRI). A total of 20 individuals (11 men and nine women) who underwent ...
Davis Glen M - - 2008
Functional electrical stimulation (FES)-induced leg exercise offers the potential for individuals with lower-limb paralysis to otherwise gain some benefits conferred by leg exercise. Although its original intent is to reactivate the leg muscles to produce functional upright mobility, as a rehabilitation therapy, FES-evoked exercise increases the whole-body metabolism of individuals ...
Macias Brandon R - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Resistive exercise helps prevent muscle atrophy in microgravity, but better exercise equipment is needed. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine if a pneumatic, gravity-independent leg-press device (LPD) provides sufficient force to leg musculature. We hypothesized that intramuscular pressure (IMP), a quantitative index of muscle force, is ...
Schormair Barbara - - 2008
We identified association of restless legs syndrome (RLS) with PTPRD at 9p23-24 in 2,458 affected individuals and 4,749 controls from Germany, Austria, Czechia and Canada. Two independent SNPs in the 5' UTR of splice variants expressed predominantly in the central nervous system showed highly significant P values (rs4626664, P(nominal/lambda corrected) ...
Codognotto Marta - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Tetrapolar whole-body (hand-foot) bioelectrical impedance (Z-body) is used in body composition analysis assuming homogeneous soft tissue hydration. Limbs and trunk contribute to Z-body by 90% and 10%, respectively. We determined the effect on Z-body of an edema localized in one leg. METHODS: Resistance (R) and reactance (Xc) components of ...
Yoshizawa Mutsuko - - 2008
We studied the effect of exercise intensity and duration on blood flow to the non-exercising leg during one-legged dynamic knee extension. Femoral arterial blood flow (FBF) to the non-exercising leg, blood pressure (BP), and heart rate (HR) were monitored during one-legged dynamic knee extension exercise at 15, 30, and 45% ...
Wray D Walter - - 2008
Exercise hyperemia is attenuated in the elderly, which may be attributed to local vasoregulatory pathways within the skeletal muscle vasculature. Therefore, we sought to determine whether healthy aging is associated with changes in angiotensin II (Ang II) receptor sensitivity through measurements of leg blood flow in resting and exercising skeletal ...
Ichinose Masashi - - 2008
We tested the hypotheses that arterial baroreflex (ABR) control over muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) in humans does not remain constant throughout a bout of leg cycling ranging in intensity from very mild to exhausting. ABR control over MSNA (burst incidence, burst strength and total MSNA) was evaluated by analysing ...
Demarie S - - 2008
The aim of this study was to investigate the contribution of the auxiliary muscles, utilized to sustain the subject's position on the ergometer, to the oxygen uptake slow component phenomenon. Three tests were performed at the same severe relative intensity on a rowing ergometer: a standard rowing exercise test, a ...
Mortensen Stefan P - - 2008
Perfusion to exercising skeletal muscle is regulated to match O(2) delivery to the O(2) demand, but this regulation might be compromised during or approaching maximal whole-body exercise as muscle blood flow for a given work rate is blunted. Whether muscle perfusion is restricted when there is an extreme metabolic stimulus ...
Parker Beth A - - 2008
This study examined the relation between femoral artery hyperemic responses to leg exercise and microvascular oxygen extraction in nine young [(mean +/- S.E.M) Y: 25 +/- 1 years] and 13 older (O: 67 +/- 1 years) healthy women. Femoral artery blood flow (FBF; Doppler ultrasound), mean arterial pressure (MAP), and ...
González-Alonso José - - 2008
The muscle pump and muscle vasodilatory mechanism are thought to play important roles in increasing and maintaining muscle perfusion and cardiac output ((.)Q) during exercise, but their actual contributions remain uncertain. To evaluate the role of the skeletal muscle pump and vasodilatation on cardiovascular function during exercise, we determined leg ...
Liebensteiner M C - - 2008
PURPOSE: The role of frontal plane tibiofemoral alignment in subjects with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) is controversial and rarely discussed in the literature. As well, little research has been done on the effects of the hamstrings muscles on PFPS. The aim of the current study was to determine whether, in ...
Olivier Nicolas - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare the cardiorespiratory responses, blood lactate concentration and perceived exertion between 1-leg cycling and arm cranking. DESIGN: Comparison of exercise modalities. SETTING: Hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Fourteen men who had undergone knee surgery were evaluated during rehabilitation. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Each patient performed 2 maximal graded tests: ...
Madarame Haruhiko - - 2008
PURPOSE: This study investigated whether muscle hypertrophy-promoting effects are cross-transferred in resistance training with blood flow restriction, which has been shown to evoke strong endocrine activation. METHODS: Fifteen untrained men were randomly assigned into the occlusive training group (OCC, N = 8) and the normal training group (NOR, N = ...
Koch, Dennis William
Vasoconstrictor responsiveness to acute sympathetic stimulation declines with advancing age in resting skeletal muscle. However, the effect of age on sympathetic vasoconstrictor responsiveness in exercising skeletal muscle has not been examined previously. Therefore, the purpose of these studies was to examine the balance between sympathetic vasoconstriction and metabolic vasodilation in ...
Soundararajan Madhavan - - 2008
To promote understanding of the authority of the primary literature in students taking our biochemistry laboratory courses, a biochemistry laboratory exercise on the determination of an acceptable molar absorptivity value of 2-nitrophenol (2-NP) was developed. This made the laboratory course much more relevant by linking to a thematic thread, β-galactosidase, ...
Bott O J - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Operating room personnel (ORP) operating mobile image intensifier systems (C-arms) need training to produce high quality radiographs with a minimum of time and X-ray exposure. Our study aims at evaluating acceptance, usability and learning effect of the CBT system virtX that simulates C-arm based X-ray imaging in the context ...
Grunwald Sandra K - - 2008
Laboratory exercises, which utilize alkaline phosphatase as a model enzyme, have been developed and used extensively in undergraduate biochemistry courses to illustrate enzyme steady-state kinetics. A bioinformatics laboratory exercise for the biochemistry laboratory, which complements the traditional alkaline phosphatase kinetics exercise, was developed and implemented. In this exercise, students examine ...
de Souza Marcelle Gomes - - 2008
This article presents our experience on teaching biochemical sciences through an innovative approach that integrates concepts of molecular cell biology and protein chemistry. This original laboratory exercise is based on the preparation of an affinity chromatography column containing F-actin molecules immobilized on chitin particles for purifying skeletal myosin II. It ...
Anderson Alethea J AJ Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education, Wilfrid Laurier University , Waterloo, ON. - - 2008
Our objective was to determine if the menstrual cycle affected expiratory resistance developed during progressive incremental exercise in females. Eleven females (age = 19.7 ± 1.1 yr., body mass = 58.9 ± 8.8 Kg, height = 1.65 ± 0.3 m) gave consent to participate in the study. Participants were studied ...
Park Sungjun S Biomedical Engineering Department, Yonsei University, 234 maeji heung-up, Wonju, Kangwon, Republic of Korea. - - 2008
The purpose of this study is to determine an individual physiological signal and based on the information; develop equipment that will encourage the efficiency of exercise. To evaluate the practical use of equipment an experiment is carried out. The signal of twenty adult male is determined under condition of Exercise ...
Parker Beth A - - 2008
Our previous work suggests that healthy human aging is associated with sex-specific differences in leg vascular responses during large muscle mass exercise (2-legged cycling) (Proctor DN, Parker BA. Microcirculation 13: 315-327, 2006). The present study determined whether age x sex interactions in exercising leg hemodynamics persist during small muscle mass ...
Silva Bruno M - - 2008
Electrocardiogram RR intervals duration reduce rapidly in the first seconds of dynamic exercise mainly due to a cardiac vagal withdrawal. However, it remains unclear if this response varies between exercises performed with different body segments (i.e. arm vs. leg). Our aim was to compare the vagal withdrawal at the onset ...
Tang Jason E - - 2007
Whey protein is a supplemental protein source often used by athletes, particularly those aiming to gain muscle mass; however, direct evidence for its efficacy in stimulating muscle protein synthesis (MPS) is lacking. We aimed to determine the impact of consuming whey protein on skeletal muscle protein turnover in the post-exercise ...
Tang Jason E - - 2008
Ten healthy young men (21.0 +/- 1.5 yr, 1.79 +/- 0.1 m, 82.7 +/- 14.7 kg, means +/- SD) participated in 8 wk of intense unilateral resistance training (knee extension exercise) such that one leg was trained (T) and the other acted as an untrained (UT) control. After the 8 ...
Watanabe Hitoshi - - 2007
This study attempts to clarify whether intensity of exercise influences functional sympatholysis during mild rhythmic handgrip exercise (RHG). We measured muscle oxygenation in both exercising and non-exercising muscle in the same arm in 11 subjects using near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), heart rate, and blood pressure. We used the total labile ...
Dolmage Thomas E - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Most patients with severe COPD are limited by dyspnea and are obliged to exercise at low intensity. Even those undergoing training do not usually have increased peak oxygen uptake (Vo2). One-legged exercise, at half the load of two-legged exercise, places the same metabolic demands on the targeted muscles but ...
Tunc Recep - - 2007
The objective of this study was to evaluate the intraobserver and interobserver agreements in tape measurements of the ankle and calf circumference with due emphasis on the 3 main reference points, the patella, the tibial tuberosity, and the medial malleolus. The leg circumference at 2 locations was measured in 66 ...
Kaneko Koichiro - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To explore the cerebral hemodynamics in subclavian steal syndrome, we examined the cerebral perfusion of seven patients with subclavian steal (one symptomatic and six asymptomatic) using single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) during resting, arm exercise, and acetazolamide-activated conditions. METHODS: The regional CBF (rCBF) was measured with SPECT under all ...
Cameron Matthew L - - 2008
Our purpose was to assess the effect of wearing close-fitting neoprene shorts on swinging leg movement discrimination (MD) scores in elite level Australian Football players. Twenty players had their swinging leg MD assessed using the active movement extent discrimination apparatus (AMEDA), once wearing close-fitting neoprene and once wearing loose-fitting running ...
Heffernan Kevin S - - 2007
Acute aerobic and resistance exercise has been shown to reduce local muscular artery stiffness in the exercised limb while having no effect on the non-exercised limb. The stimulus for these modulations may be related to local muscular compression of underlying vasculature. The purpose of this study was to examine arterial ...
Yamazaki Fumio - - 2007
Lower body negative pressure (LBNP) induces venous pooling in the legs and a decrease of blood volume (BV). The present study was designed to investigate the dynamic changes in BV and limb volume during LBNP. We made continuous measurements of blood density (h) during LBNP at two different levels (-15 ...
Hitos K - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Venous stasis is an important contributing factor in the development of travel-related deep vein thrombosis. This study examined factors affecting popliteal venous blood flow in order to determine the most effective exercise regimen to prevent venous stasis. METHODS: Twenty-one healthy subjects were randomly assigned to various activities over a ...
Parker Beth A - - 2007
Limb vascular conductance responses to pharmacological and nonexercise vasodilator stimuli are generally augmented in women compared with men. In the present investigation, we tested the hypothesis that exercise-induced vasodilator responses are also greater in women than men. Sixteen women and 15 men (20-30 yr) with similar fitness and activity levels ...
Wray D Walter - - 2007
It is now generally accepted that alpha-adrenoreceptor-mediated vasoconstriction is attenuated during exercise, but the efficacy of nonadrenergic vasoconstrictor pathways during exercise remains unclear. Thus, in eight young (23 +/- 1 yr), healthy volunteers, we contrasted changes in leg blood flow (ultrasound Doppler) before and during intra-arterial infusion of the alpha(1)-adrenoreceptor ...
Easton C - - 2007
Following preliminary indications that in some individuals arm exercise enhanced rather than reduced simultaneous leg endurance, ten young men and women performed three forms of intermittent work to volitional exhaustion, under duty cycles of 45 s work, 15 s rest. The protocols were as follows: (A) knee extensions at 30% ...
Hotta Norio - - 2007
We compared the ventilatory and circulatory responses during 20 s of light dynamic leg and arm exercises performed separately using dominant and non-dominant limbs. Seventeen subjects performed a 20-s single-leg knee extension-flexion exercise with a load of 5% of maximal muscle strength attached to the ankle. Fifteen of the seventeen ...
Wallis Gareth A - - 2007
We combined tracer and arteriovenous (a-v) balance techniques to evaluate the effects of exercise and endurance training on leg triacylglyceride turnover as assessed by glycerol exchange. Measurements on an exercising leg were taken to be a surrogate for working skeletal muscle. Eight men completed 9 wk of endurance training [5 ...
Kerbeci P - - 2007
The objective was to quantify calf vein cross section area (CSA) maximal enlargement and the percent change in response to LBNP (lower body negative pressure) after a 60 day bedrest. METHOD: The 24 healthy volunteers (25-40 y) of the WISE 60 day HDT(-6 degree) bedrest, were divided into 3 groups: ...
Hughson R L - - 2007
WISE-2005 studied 24 women during a 60-day head down bed rest (HDBR) who look part in an exercise countermeasure (LBNP-treadmill plus flywheel, EX) and no-exercise (No-EX). We conducted a series of experiments to explore changes in cardiovascular function and the ability of EX to prevent these changes. Resting arterial diameter ...
Calbet Jose A L - - 2007
To determine central and peripheral hemodynamic responses to upright leg cycling exercise, nine physically active men underwent measurements of arterial blood pressure and gases, as well as femoral and subclavian vein blood flows and gases during incremental exercise to exhaustion (Wmax). Cardiac output (CO) and leg blood flow (BF) increased ...
Van der Schueren B J - - 2007
Part I: to establish the dose and appropriate application site of capsaicin on the human forearm in order to produce a robust and reproducible dermal blood flow (DBF) response. Part II: to evaluate the within-subject arm-to-arm and period-to-period reproducibility. Both parts consisted of two study visits. In part I, placebo ...
Gustafsson T - - 2007
Eleven subjects performed one-legged exercise four times per week for 5 wk. The subjects exercised one leg for 45 min with restricted blood flow (R leg), followed by exercise with the other leg at the same absolute workload with unrestricted blood flow (UR leg). mRNA and protein expression were measured ...
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