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Hirai M - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To compare the interface pressure during rest and exercise among various kinds of arm sleeves. METHODS: The interface pressure underneath nine different arm sleeves was measured during 10 maximal opening and closing movements of fingers using a pressure transducer (Air Pack Type Analyser) in 16 healthy volunteers. Furthermore, in ...
Amann Markus - - 2010
We investigated the role of somatosensory feedback on cardioventilatory responses to rhythmic exercise in five men. In a double-blind, placebo-controlled design, subjects performed the same leg cycling exercise (50/100/150/325 ± 19 W, 3 min each) under placebo conditions (interspinous saline, L(3)-L(4)) and with lumbar intrathecal fentanyl impairing central projection of ...
Schrage William G WG Department of Anesthesiology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA. - - 2010
The vasodilator signals regulating muscle blood flow during exercise are unclear. We tested the hypothesis that in young adults leg muscle vasodilation during steady-state exercise would be reduced independently by sequential pharmacological inhibition of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and cyclooxygenase (COX) with NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) and ketorolac, respectively. We ...
Sosnoff Jacob J - - 2010
This study compared the effect of acute bouts of unloaded arm versus leg cycling exercise on spasticity of the lower legs in persons with multiple sclerosis (MS) and then examined post-activation depression (PAD) as a possible mechanism for the anti-spastic effects of acute exercise. Participants (N=10) had relapsing-remitting MS, slight ...
Scremin Oscar U - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To establish whether muscle blood flow (MBF) measurements with O-water positron emission tomography could reliably identify patients with critical limb ischemia and detect and quantify a distal deficit in skeletal MBF in these cases. DESIGN: O-water positron emission tomography scans were performed at rest or during unloaded ankle plantar ...
Hubley-Kozey Cheryl L - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to determine abdominal muscle temporal responses to a leg-loading exercise protocol and if differences exist between those able and unable to minimize lumbar-pelvic motion during this protocol. The focus was a supine bilateral leg-loading task that incorporated a slide (level 4) or no slide ...
Anderson Matthew J - - 2010
A series of observational studies of captive Caribbean flamingos Phoenicopterus ruber were conducted to determine why flamingos rest on one leg. While frequently asked by the general public, this basic question has remained unanswered by the scientific community. Here we suggest that the latency of flamingos to initiate forward locomotion ...
Helge J W - - 2010
This review will focus on current data where substrate metabolism in arm and leg muscle is investigated and discuss the presence of higher carbohydrate oxidation and lactate release observed during arm compared with leg exercise. Furthermore, a basis for a possible difference in substrate partitioning between endogenous and exogenous substrate ...
Choi Eui-Young - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to demonstrate the usefulness of leg raise in identifying lower diastolic functional reserve to exercise. METHODS: One hundred fifty-four patients with abnormal left ventricular relaxation on Doppler mitral inflow with preserved left ventricular ejection fractions were enrolled. After resting evaluations, Doppler echocardiographic measurements ...
Omi Rei - - 2010
Although 2-deoxy-2-[(18)F]fluoro-D-glucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) has been used for the assessment of skeletal muscle activities, its application to the shoulder muscles is only sparse. The purpose of this study was to investigate the activities of the shoulder muscles during arm elevation using PET. Six healthy volunteers performed an ...
Allen Trevor J - - 2010
We have previously shown, in a two-limb position-matching task in human subjects, that exercise of elbow flexors of one arm led the forearm to be perceived as more extended, while exercise of knee extensors of one leg led the lower leg to be perceived as more flexed. These findings led ...
Pardiñas Antonio F - - 2010
This article describes an easy and cheap laboratory exercise for students to discover their own mitochondrial haplogroup. Students use buccal swabs to obtain mucosa cells as noninvasive tissue samples, extract DNA, and with a simple polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis they can obtain DNA fragments of different sizes ...
Devereux Gavin R - - 2010
There is some evidence to suggest isometric training can reduce resting blood pressure in a shorter period than the typical 8 weeks, reported most commonly. The purpose of the present study was to explore whether 4 weeks of bilateral-leg isometric training can reduce resting blood pressure, and whether these changes ...
Ebben William P - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to determine whether there is a linear relationship between the squat and a variety of hamstring resistance training exercises, and whether this relationship differs on the basis of sex. This study also sought to create prediction equations for the determination of hamstring exercise load ...
Hovind Peter - - 2010
AIM: During prolonged infusion of somatostatin, there is an increase in arterial glucose concentration, and this increase persists even during prolonged exercise. The aim of the study was to measure glucose uptake in the leg muscles during infusion of the somatostatin analogue octreotide before and during leg exercise. MATERIAL AND ...
France Christopher R - - 2010
A randomized controlled trial was conducted to test the effects of hydration and applied muscle tensing on presyncopal reactions to blood donation. Both interventions are designed to prevent the decreases in blood pressure that can contribute to such reactions, but due to the distinct physiologic mechanisms underlying their pressor responses ...
Nyberg Michael - - 2010
The effect of low blood flow at onset of moderate-intensity exercise on the rate of rise in muscle oxygen uptake was examined. Seven male subjects performed a 3.5-min one-legged knee-extensor exercise bout (24 +/- 1 W, mean +/- SD) without (Con) and with (double blockade; DB) arterial infusion of inhibitors ...
Shiroishi Kiyoshi - - 2010
We evaluated arterial blood flow, muscle tissue oxygenation and muscle metabolism in the non-exercising limb during leg cycling exercise. Ten healthy male volunteers performed a graded leg cycling exercise at 0, 40, 80, 120 and 160 watts (W) for 5 min each. Tissue oxygenation index (TOI) of the non-exercising left ...
David P - - 2010
The goal of this study was to establish how increased ventilation modifies postural stability, as characterized by body sway and leg muscle activities. Twelve healthy subjects had to perform six 30-second postural tests: one pre-exercise test while breathing gently and then one test every minute for the five minutes immediately ...
Ishida K - - 2010
In order to elucidate the effects of deconditioning (inactivity) on the ventilatory and circulatory responses at the onset of exercise within 20 s, we initiated head-down bed rest and unilateral lower limb suspension experiments, and measured these responses to dynamic voluntary leg exercise and passive movements. Initial ventilatory and heart ...
Bj?rgen S - - 2009
The aim of the present study was to investigate whether hyperoxic aerobic high intensity one-legged interval cycling improves peak oxygen uptake (V O (2peak)) compared to normoxic training in patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and to evaluate the acute effect of hyperoxia during one- and two-legged peak exercise ...
Simmelink Elisabeth K - - 2009
The measurement of physical fitness of lower limb amputees is difficult, as the commonly used ergometer tests have limitations. A combined arm-leg (Cruiser) ergometer might be valuable. The aim of this study was to establish the repeatability and validity of the combined arm-leg (Cruiser) ergometer. Thirty healthy volunteers carried out ...
Polito Marcos D - - 2009
The effects of muscle mass and number of sets on postexercise hypotension (PEH) following resistance exercises are barely known. The aim of the study was to compare systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure, and mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) after biceps curl and leg extension with different number of ...
Zoeller Robert F RF Florida Atlantic University, Davie, FL, - - 2009
Participation in regular aerobic exercise has been shown to increase arterial size and that exercise-induced vascular remodeling may be regional rather than systemic. However, these issues have been minimally investigated concerning resistance training. To determine whether 1) resistance training of the nondominant arm elicits an increase in diameter of the ...
Wilbur J C - - 2010
Exercise may produce micronuclei (presumably gas-filled bubbles) in tissue, which could serve as nucleation sites for bubbles during subsequent decompression stress. These micronuclei have never been directly detected in humans. Dual-frequency ultrasound (DFU) is a resonance-based, ultrasound technique capable of detecting and sizing small stationary bubbles. We surveyed for bubbles ...
Vianna Lauro C - - 2010
This study was conducted to determine whether the heart rate increase at the onset of passive dynamic exercise is related to the amount of skeletal muscle mass engaged in movement. Fifteen healthy male subjects, 18-30 years old, performed, from the 4th to the 8th second of a 12-s apnea, four ...
Bordin Newton Antonio - - 2009
Exercising is one of the three cornerstones in the treatment of lymphedema together with contention mechanisms and lymphatic drainage. The aim of the current study was to evaluate a new method of mechanic lymphatic drainage. Volumetric reductions were evaluated after passive exercises in 25 patients with arm lymphedema resulting from ...
Neville V - - 2009
Standing arm-cranking ('grinding') is predominantly an upper-body exercise, however, the contribution of the legs to this activity is unknown. The purpose of the study was to examine the influence of normal lower-limb movement on physiological strain during arm-cranking. Eight elite professional America's Cup grinders performed two exercise trials, on an ...
Pedersen Lia Mendes - - 2010
Blood flow distribution after ascending-to-descending aortic bypass in complex aortic arch obstruction is poorly described. To study blood flow by magnetic resonance (MR) imaging at rest and during exercise in patients with aortic arch obstruction and a bypass tube and in healthy controls. Seven patients (median 18 years (range: 14-54 ...
Fujita Yukio - - 2009
The effects of active recovery using previously active and inactive muscle groups on power output and respiratory responses were examined. Ten male volunteers underwent two exhaustive 40-s bouts of leg cycling (1st Ex and 2nd Ex), separated by a 20-min recovery period. The recovery conditions were leg (Leg-Active) or arm ...
Mikkelsen U R - - 2009
Despite the widespread consumption of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), the influence of these drugs on muscle satellite cells is not fully understood. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of a local NSAID infusion on satellite cells after unaccustomed eccentric exercise in vivo in human skeletal ...
Medbø Jon Ingulf - - 2009
During cycling blood flow is redistributed from physically inactive tissues to working leg muscles. It is unknown how long this situation persists after very intense exercise or whether it differs between intense exhausting and non-exhausting exercise. It is also not known to what extent the redistribution differs between different types ...
Sato Kohei - - 2009
We examined the role of central command in static exercise-induced increase in middle cerebral artery mean blood flow velocity (V(MCA)). Eleven young female subjects performed static elbow flexion for 2 min at 30% maximal voluntary contraction without (control exercise; CONT) and with vibrations to the biceps brachii tendon (EX+VIB) in ...
Akerstrom Thorbjorn C A - - 2009
Glucose ingestion during exercise attenuates the release of the myokine interleukin-6 (IL-6) from working skeletal muscle, which results in a diminished increase in plasma IL-6. Interleukin-6 receptor alpha (IL-6Ralpha) expression in skeletal muscle is induced by acute exercise, mediated in part by an increased IL-6 concentration in the bloodstream. We ...
Borg E - - 2010
The features of perceived symptoms causing discontinuation of strenuous exercise have been scarcely studied. The aim was to characterize the two main symptoms causing the discontinuation of heavy work in healthy persons as well as describe the growth of symptoms during exercise. Breathlessness (b) and leg fatigue (l) were assessed ...
deJong Adam T - - 2009
Marathon runners (MR) are among the most aerobically fit athletes in the world. Although aerobic capacity (VO(2)max) during arm exercise generally varies between 64% and 80% of leg VO(2)max (mean 70%) in healthy men, few data are available regarding the comparative arm fitness of MR. To clarify the relationship between ...
Thijssen Dick H J - - 2009
INTRODUCTION/PURPOSE: During exercise, redistribution of blood takes place to enhance blood flow to exercising muscles. To examine the role of sympathetic control in blood redistribution, we assessed blood flow in inactive regions (leg-splanchnic area) during arm-crank exercise in controls and in subjects with spinal cord injury (SCI) who lack central ...
Greene David A - - 2009
We conducted a 28-week school-based exercise trial of single-leg drop-landing exercise with 42 girls (Tanner stage 1, 6-10 years old) randomly assigned to control (C), low-drop (LD), or high-drop (HD) exercise groups. The LD and HD groups performed single-leg drop-landings (three sessions/week and 50 landings/session) from 14 and 28 cm, ...
Larsen S - - 2009
AIM/HYPOTHESIS: The aim of the study was to investigate mitochondrial function, fibre type distribution and substrate oxidation in arm and leg muscle during exercise in patients with type 2 diabetes and in obese and lean controls. METHODS: Indirect calorimetry was used to calculate fat and carbohydrate oxidation during both progressive ...
Dawson Ellen A - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether measures derived from the SphygmoCor device and its associated transfer function are influenced by exercise-induced alterations in vascular tone. Measurements were taken from either the exercised or the contralateral nonexercised limb during repeated and identical incremental hand-grip protocols. Eight male subjects ...
Bjørgen Siri - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether individual leg cycling could produce higher whole body peak oxygen uptake (VO(2peak)) than two legs cycling during aerobic high intensity interval training in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. Nineteen patients trained in 24 supervised cycling sessions either by one leg ...
Osada Takuya - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Limb femoral arterial blood flow (LBF) is known to increase linearly with increasing workload under steady-state conditions, suggesting a close link between LBF and metabolic activity. We, however, hypothesized that sudden physiological and spontaneous changes in exercise rhythm, and consequently workload temporarily alter blood flow to the ...
Hotta Norio - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of an increase in intramuscular pressure on ventilatory response at the onset of exercise. Seven subjects participated in this study. We measured ventilatory responses to a 20-s single-arm extension-flexion exercise and passive movement. Each subject performed two kinds of exercise ...
Housman Sarah J - - 2009
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: The authors previously developed a passive instrumented arm orthosis (Therapy Wilmington Robotic Exoskeleton [T-WREX]) that enables individuals with hemiparesis to exercise the arm by playing computer games in a gravity-supported environment. The purpose of this study was to compare semiautonomous training with T-WREX and conventional semiautonomous exercises that used ...
Medb?? Jon Ingulf - - 2009
During cycling blood flow is redistributed from physically inactive tissues to working leg muscles. It is unknown how long this situation persists after very intense exercise or whether it differs between intense exhausting and non-exhausting exercise. It is also not known to what extent the redistribution differs between different types ...
Bergqvist David - - 2009
BACKGROUND: StepIt is a device for active movement of the foot that simulates normal walking with calf muscle contractions. METHODS: In 40 healthy volunteers with predominantly office work and sitting conditions, StepIt was used regularly for 1 day, and the volume of the calf, approximated to a truncated cone, was ...
Sosnoff Jacob - - 2009
We conducted a small pilot study that examined the effect of a 4-week period of unloaded leg cycling on spasticity in individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS). The sample included 22 individuals with MS who were assigned using a quasi-experimental method into either exercise (n = 12) or control (n = ...
Wray D Walter - - 2009
alpha(1)-Adrenergic vasoconstriction during dynamic leg exercise is diminished in younger individuals, although the extent of this exercise-induced "sympatholysis" in the elderly remains uncertain. Thus, in nine young (25 +/- 1 yr) and six older (72 +/- 2 yr) healthy volunteers, we evaluated changes in leg blood flow (ultrasound Doppler) during ...
Magnus Charlene R A - - 2008
Bilateral deficit is defined as the difference in the summed force between contracting muscles alone and contracting contralateral homologous muscles in combination. The purpose of the study was to investigate how postural stability influences bilateral deficit by comparing an exercise requiring more postural stability (the leg press) with an exercise ...
Bean Jonathan F - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To test which rehabilitative impairments are associated with higher mobility performance among community-dwelling, mobility-limited older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from participants within a randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Outpatient rehabilitation research center. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling older adults (N=138; mean age, 75.4 y) with mobility limitations as defined by ...
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