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Results 651 - 700 of 908
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Strange S - - 1993
1. Nine subjects performed dynamic knee extension by voluntary muscle contractions and by evoked contractions with and without epidural anaesthesia. Four exercise bouts of 10 min each were performed: three of one-legged knee extension (10, 20 and 30 W) and one of two-legged knee extension at 2 x 20 W. ...
Dolmage T E - - 1993
Although arm activity is poorly tolerated by patients with COPD, the ventilatory response to arm elevation alone is not well understood. We therefore studied the ventilatory response to arm elevation using a customized arm support sling to eliminate the effect of an increase in metabolic activity that might be attributable ...
Hopman M T - - 1993
The purpose of this study was to examine whether lower body positive pressure (LBPP) could improve maximal performance in paraplegic subjects (P). LBPP may diminish venous blood pooling (VBP) below the lesion and, therefore, support the redistribution of blood during exercise. Twelve male P subjects with complete spinal cord-lesions between ...
Takano N - - 1993
1. Involvement of neural stimuli, central and/or peripheral in origin, in exercise ventilatory control was ascertained by examining the ventilatory responses to varying mechanical conditions of arm and leg cycle ergometries. Twelve untrained women underwent each of two modes of exercise at three levels of loading (0, 5 and 10 ...
Saito M - - 1993
The aim of this study was to clarify the relationship between sympathetic outflow to skeletal muscle and oxygen uptake during dynamic exercise. Muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) was recorded from the right median nerve microneurographically in eight healthy volunteers during leg cycling at four different intensities in a seated position ...
Zehr E P - - 1993
To evaluate the efficacy of Seisan kata as an aerobic power training mode, four male (28.5 +/- 4.2 y) Chito-Ryu karate black belt practitioners did kata continuously for 10 min. In separate sessions the kata (formal, organized movement sequences) were done at rates of 1 (PACE) and 2 (FAST) kata ...
Esbjörnsson M - - 1993
Eight healthy men performed supine one-legged training on a bicycle ergometer 45 min per leg four times per week for 4 week. The ergometer and lower body were inside a pressure chamber, the opening of which was sealed at the level of the crotch. One leg trained with impeded leg ...
Ray C A - - 1993
Recent studies have shown a lack of an increase in muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) during leg exercise. Experiments using isometric knee extension (IKE) have shown a biphasic response in MSNA with a decrease during the 1st min and a return of MSNA to control levels during the 2nd min ...
Sundberg C J - - 1993
The aim of the study was to compare the effects of ischaemic and non-ischaemic training on aerobic performance. In 10 subjects, peak oxygen uptake (peak VO2) and time to fatigue (TTF) for one-legged exercise were measured before and after 4 weeks (4 times week-1) of one-legged training. Each training session ...
Balady G J - - 1993
Exercise training for patients with heart disease is no longer limited to a monotonous single-activity routine. Training regimens can and should employ a wide variety of activities that involve the arms and legs and both dynamic and static effort (Table 3). Because the physiologic and, hence, ischemic responses to each ...
Mandarim-de-Lacerda C A - - 1993
The growth of the body was studied in 30 human fetuses ranged from 10 to 22 weeks of gestation. The fetuses were fixed by immersion in 4 percent formaldehyde and the following dimensions were studied: a) lengths: arm, forearm, hand, thigh, leg, foot and crown-rump (sitting height), b) perimeters: head, ...
Stanko R T - - 1993
The mixture of dihydroxyacetone and pyruvate (DHAP) is an ergogenic aid that enhances muscle glucose extraction during prolonged aerobic exercise. In order to evaluate the effect of DHAP on muscle amino acid extraction during exercise, we measured arterial concentration and muscle exchange of amino acids in 18 untrained healthy male ...
Mouchnino L - - 1993
Naive subjects and dancers were instructed to raise a leg laterally toward 45 degrees. The final position reached by the leg by each group of subjects was quite different: 48 degrees in dancers, i.e. close to the required value, and 56 degrees in the naive subjects. The reason for this ...
Wilson J R - - 1993
BACKGROUND: Exertional fatigue in patients with chronic heart failure is usually attributed to skeletal muscle underperfusion. Recently, skeletal muscle atrophy, abnormal muscle metabolic responses, and reduced muscle enzyme levels have been noted in such patients, raising the possibility that some patients may develop muscle fatigue due to intrinsic muscle abnormalities. ...
Ray C A - - 1993
Previous studies examining muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) during dynamic exercise have focused on upper extremity exercise. The present study was undertaken to investigate 1) MSNA responses to dynamic one-legged knee extensions (DLE) and 2) the role of the cardiopulmonary baroreflexes in the modulation of MSNA responses to DLE. MSNA ...
Ueda T - - 1993
The purpose of this study was to identify, using multiple regression analysis, the contribution of differentiated ratings of perceived exertion to overall exertion (RPEO) in women while swimming. Ten female subjects swam at submaximal and maximal intensities and the variables measured included oxygen uptake (VO2), heart rate (fc), ventilation (VE), ...
Haskell W L - - 1993
None of the various methods used to measure habitual physical activity over days, weeks, or years in the general population have yet proven entirely satisfactory. A major problem is that no "gold standard" exists for the validation of various questionnaires, logs, or diaries that can be used in large sample ...
Piering A W - - 1993
This study was designed to evaluate the effects of four specific sit-up exercises on muscular activity of the rectus abdominis. Pairs of surface electrodes were placed unilaterally on four quadrants of the rectus abdominis, delimited by tendinous inscriptions, in four male subjects. Electromyographic (EMG) recordings were taken while the subjects ...
Ju B G - - 1993
The morphological and biochemical data obtained in this series of experiments clearly confirm the previous finding about the relationship between the stage of limb regeneration and the effects of RA on duplication, i.e., the most sensitive stage for RA-induced duplication is the stage of dedifferentiation, regardless of the level of ...
Swensen T C - - 1993
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of one- and two-leg training on arm and two-leg maximum aerobic power. Seven subjects cycle-trained both legs simultaneously for 30 min.day-1, 4 days.week-1 for 4 weeks. Nine subjects cycle-trained each leg 15 min.day-1, 4 days.week-1 for 4 weeks. Both groups ...
Couser J I JI - - 1993
Simple arm elevation results in increased metabolic and ventilatory requirements in patients with chronic airflow obstruction (CAO). These demands contribute to the dyspnea that is frequently reported when these patients perform activities of daily living involving the arms. We hypothesized that a comprehensive pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) program that includes upper ...
Baum K - - 1993
The effects of graded changes in peripheral extracellular volume on heart rate and blood pressure during isometric exercise were studied in 12 healthy male subjects. Each subject performed four calf ergometer tests with each calf. In all tests, static plantar flexion of one foot was performed in a supine body ...
Currie D M - - 1992
The purpose of this pilot study was to examine the correlation between ergometry in men with peripheral vascular disease exercising with both legs and with one leg and both arms. Fifteen men with peripheral vascular disease performed three symptom-limited exercise tests on an ergometer that could be operated from a ...
Iversen J R - - 1992
Seven male subjects ran at 3.0 m/s on a motorized treadmill including a force platform under the tread. The subjects ran at each of five treadmill inclinations: +0.17, +0.077, 0, -0.077, and -0.17 radians. The position of the subjects' legs were read from ciné films (100 frames/s). Results of the ...
Pawelczyk J A - - 1992
We evaluated whether a reduction in cardiac output during dynamic exercise results in vasoconstriction of active skeletal muscle vasculature. Nine subjects performed four 8-min bouts of cycling exercise at 71 +/- 12 to 145 +/- 13 W (40-84% maximal oxygen uptake). Exercise was repeated after cardioselective (beta 1) adrenergic blockade ...
Eriksson L I - - 1992
A modification of the isolated arm technique was applied in 10 females under opioid-based i.v. anaesthesia for comparison of the offset of an atracurium-induced neuromuscular block in an isolated arm to an arm with maintained circulation. The neuromuscular blocking effect of a bolus dose of atracurium 0.5 mg.kg-1 was measured ...
Ray C A - - 1992
Previous studies of muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) during static exercise have employed predominantly the arms. These studies have revealed striking increases in arm and leg MSNA during static handgrip (SHG) and postexercise circulatory arrest (PECA). The purpose of this study was to examine MSNA during static leg exercise (SLE) ...
Warren P J - - 1992
Although limb exsanguination prior to tourniquet inflation is usually accomplished using mechanical devices, elevation alone may still be employed under circumstances where mechanical means are contraindicated. The rather confusing advice within the literature as to duration of elevation, stimulated a study in the arm which revealed the optimal duration of ...
Thornton W E - - 1992
Little published information exists regarding the magnitude and time course of cephalad fluid shift resulting from microgravity simulations. Six subjects were exposed to 150 min each at horizontal bed rest, 6 degrees head-down tilt, and horizontal water immersion. Fluid shift was estimated by calculating leg volumes from eight serial girth ...
Jablonowsky R - - 1992
The present study examines the reproducibility and validity of computerized muscle strength and endurance evaluation protocols using the Ariel Computerized Exercise System (ACE). Since the ACE has only recently become commercially available, there are no published normative data for various exercises, nor are the measurements' accuracy and validity for the ...
Hopman M T - - 1992
The purpose of this study was to determine whether external pressure on legs and abdomen could prevent venous blood pooling in persons with paraplegia and thus positively affect their cardiovascular responses to arm exercise. To investigate this, five male subjects with paraplegia (P), with complete lesions between T6 and T12, ...
Knight D R - - 1992
It is not known whether the asymptotic behavior of whole body O2 consumption (VO2) at maximal work rates (WR) is explained by similar behavior of VO2 in the exercising legs. To resolve this question, simultaneous measurements of body and leg VO2 were made at submaximal and maximal levels of effort ...
Carolan B - - 1992
Twenty sedentary male university students were randomly assigned to an experimental or a control group. The experimental group trained the knee extensors of one leg by producing 30 isometric extension maximal voluntary contractions (MVC) per day, three times per week for 8 wk. After 8 wk of training, extensor MVC ...
Jensen-Urstad M - - 1992
To determine whether arm lactate release during arm exercise is related to the training status of the arms, seven arm-trained athletes were studied during 30 min of continuous arm exercise (AE) or leg exercise (LE) of increasing intensities corresponding to 30%, 50%, and 80% of peak VO2 during AE and ...
Leonovich S A - - 1992
Amputation of legs in nymphs of ticks, obtained from the first laboratory generation, resulted in regeneration of the legs after moulting to adults. Haller's sensory organ on the upper surface of each foreleg tarsus was significantly modified following regeneration. Haller's organ in non-amputated legs of the experimental ticks remained unchanged, ...
Hiatt W R - - 1992
Patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) have abnormalities of carnitine metabolism that may contribute to their functional impairment. To test the hypothesis that muscle acylcarnitine generation (intermediates in oxidative metabolism) in patients with PAD provides a marker of the muscle dysfunction, 10 patients with unilateral PAD and 6 age-matched control ...
Sud V K - - 1992
This paper reports on a theoretical investigation into the effects of vasomotion on blood through the human cardiovascular system. The finite element method has been used to analyse the model. Vasoconstriction and vasodilation may be effected either through the action of the central nervous system or autoregulation. One of the ...
Shephard R J - - 1992
Overall, respiratory and peripheral muscular perceptions of exercise have been examined in 16 subjects (eight men and eight women), each performing four types of exercise (two-leg, one-leg, arm + shoulder, and arm ergometry) under both normoxic and hypoxic (12% oxygen) conditions. Subjects could distinguish ratings for the three types of ...
Davidoff G N - - 1992
Recent studies indicate that most persons with dysvascular amputation also have moderate to severe cardiovascular disease with impairment in functional capacity. This may limit the ability to achieve optimal function with their prosthesis because of inadequate conditioning. We developed an exercise testing and training program using arm ergometry in conjunction ...
Asanoi H - - 1992
BACKGROUND: Cardiac output is effectively redistributed to working muscle by regional changes in vascular resistance. However, there has been no suitable method to quantify blood flow distribution to large working and nonworking muscles involved in ergometer or treadmill exercise. METHODS AND RESULTS: To quantify the redistribution of blood flow, we ...
Innes J A - - 1992
1. Changes in ventilation and cardiovascular variables which occur during exercise may be partly due to 'radiation' of activity in central neurones innervating exercising muscles to the respiratory and cardiovascular control areas. To test this hypothesis, we compared ventilatory and cardiovascular responses to two levels of steady-state exercise with each ...
Eiken O - - 1992
Eight subjects were studied in the supine position at rest, during normal dynamic leg exercise (control exercise) and with blood-flow restriction in the working legs (flow-restricted exercise). Graded muscle blood-flow restriction was accomplished by applying a supra-atmospheric pressure of 50 mmHg to the working legs. During incremental-load exercise, flow restriction ...
Sahlin K - - 1992
Repetitive static exercise (RSE) is a repetitive condition of partial ischaemia/reperfusion and may therefore be connected to the formation of oxygen-derived free radicals and tissue damage. Seven subjects performed two-legged intermittent knee extension exercise repeating at 10 s on and 10 s off at a target force corresponding to about ...
Hopman M T - - 1992
The purpose of this study was to examine cardiovascular responses during arm exercise in paraplegics compared to a well-matched control group. A group of 11 male paraplegics (P) with complete spinal cord-lesions between T6 and T12 and 11 male control subjects (C), matched for physical activity, sport participation and age ...
Richter E A - - 1992
Controversy exists whether recruitment of a large muscle mass in dynamic exercise may outstrip the pumping capacity of the heart and require neurogenic vasoconstriction in exercising muscle to prevent a fall in arterial blood pressure. To elucidate this question, seven healthy young men cycled for 70 minutes at a work ...
Miyamura M - - 1992
Ventilatory responses at the onset of passive and active exercise with different amount of exercising muscle mass were studied in 10 healthy male subjects. Four exercise tests were performed for each subject with appropriate intervals on the same day, i.e., two voluntary exercises of one leg or both legs and ...
Bhambhani Y N - - 1991
The purpose of this study was to examine whether endurance training in the form of arm or leg cycling resulted in significant transfer effects when exercise was performed with the untrained muscle group. Sixteen middle-aged male volunteers completed 24 training sessions over 8 wk on either an arm cycle ergometer ...
Ahlborg G - - 1991
Arm and leg metabolism were compared by arterial and venous catheterization and blood flow measurements (by dye dilution techniques) in two groups of subjects performing 30-min continuous arm or leg exercise of increasing intensity corresponding to approximately 30, 50 and 80% of max oxygen uptake for arm or leg exercise. ...
Kearon M C - - 1991
This study quantified the separate contributions of the intensity of exercise and its duration to muscular effort and dyspnoea during cycle ergometry. Six normal subjects estimated the perceived intensity (Borg scale 0-10) of peripheral muscular effort and dyspnoea during incremental exercise to their maximum work capacity (Wcap). On separate days, ...
Sullivan M J - - 1991
We examined the central hemodynamic (n = 5) and leg blood flow (n = 9) responses to one- and two-leg bicycle exercise in nine ambulatory patients with chronic heart failure due to left ventricular systolic dysfunction (ejection fraction 17 +/- 9%). During peak one- vs. two-leg exercise, leg blood flow ...
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