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Results 551 - 600 of 907
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Mohler L R - - 1997
Currently, the definitive diagnosis of chronic compartment syndrome is based on invasive measurements of intracompartmental pressure. We measured the intramuscular pressure and the relative oxygenation in the anterior compartment of the leg in eighteen patients who were suspected of having chronic compartment syndrome as well as in ten control subjects ...
Louisy F - - 1997
Leg venous hemodynamics [venous distensibility index (VDI), arterial flow index (AFI), half-emptying time (T1/2)], and leg volumes (LV) were assessed by mercury strain-gauge plethysmography with venous occlusion and volometry, respectively, in seven men before, during, and after 42 days of 6 degrees head-down bed rest. Results showed a high increase ...
Ploutz-Snyder L L - - 1997
The hypothesis that increased muscle T2 after exercise is caused by increased extracellular fluid volume was tested by comparing the effects of exercise versus external leg negative pressure on muscle T2 relaxation in normal human subjects. T2 in lower leg muscles was measured by echo-planar imaging at 63 echo times ...
Harms C A - - 1997
We hypothesized that during exercise at maximal O2 consumption (VO2max), high demand for respiratory muscle blood flow (Q) would elicit locomotor muscle vasoconstriction and compromise limb Q. Seven male cyclists (VO2max 64 +/- 6 ml.kg-1.min-1) each completed 14 exercise bouts of 2.5-min duration at VO2max on a cycle ergometer during ...
Maeda S - - 1997
Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is an endothelium-derived potent vasoconstrictor peptide that potentiates contractions to norepinephrine in human vessels. We previously reported that the circulating plasma concentration of ET-1 is significantly increased after exercise (S. Maeda, T. Miyauchi, K. Goto, and M. Matsuda. J. Appl. Physiol. 77: 1399-1402, 1994). To study the roles ...
Jondeau G - - 1997
Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors have been shown to increase maximal muscle blood flow in parallel to peak VO2 in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). Whether this increase shifts factors limiting peak aerobic capacity from periphery (skeletal muscle or vessels) to central factors (cardiac or respiratory) is unknown. Comparison of peak ...
Magnusson G - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: The issue to be resolved was whether peripheral leg blood flow in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) is reduced by low local flow capacity or as a function of the amount of muscle mass activated during exercise. METHODS AND RESULTS: In ten CHF patients (ejection fraction 26 (9)%), ...
Davies G J - - 1997
Due to increasing emphasis on closed kinetic chain exercises in rehabilitation, there is a need to objectively quantify their effectiveness. The purpose of this study was to determine the test-retest reliability of the peak force and total work scores during a concentric isokinetic leg press pattern using the Lido Linea ...
Gregorio P - - 1997
To study the design, control and energetics of autonomous dynamically stable legged machines we have built a planar one-legged robot, the ARL Monopod. Its top running speed of 4.3 km/h (1.2 m/s) makes it the fastest electrically actuated legged robot to date. We adapted Raibert's control laws for the low ...
De Lorenzo A - - 1997
Total and segmental body compositions (left arm and left leg) were measured by bioelectrical impedance analysis at 5 and 100 kHz and by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in 14 healthy young males (body mass index, mean +/- SD, 23.5 +/- 2.7 kg/m2) every 20 min for a period of 100 ...
Suzuki Y - - 1997
Delta efficiency(DE) at mild-moderate (31%-56% of maximum oxygen uptake) bicycle exercise in the upright sitting and in the supine position was measured in 10 young males and 5 females before and after 20 days bed rest (BR). Total muscle mass in the both legs(TMML) were measured by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry. ...
Eijsbouts X H - - 1997
The purpose of this study was to investigate the hypothesis that changes in physiological responses during arm-cranking exercise using electrical stimulation of the leg muscles (ACE-ES) compared to arm-cranking exercise alone (ACE) in able-bodied subjects (ABS) are based on an increase in active muscle mass rather than the enhancing effect ...
McCarthy J P - - 1997
Resistance exercise has been suggested to increase blood volume, increase the sensitivity of the carotid baroreceptor cardiac reflex response (BARO), and decrease leg compliance, all factors that are expected to improve orthostatic tolerance. To further test these hypotheses, cardiovascular responses to standing and to pre-syncopal limited lower body negative pressure ...
Louisy F - - 1997
Leg volume changes were assessed in healthy volunteers by mercury strain gauge postural plethysmography in order to study the effects of different types of physical training on lower limb venous distensibility and emptying. Seven endurance trained subjects (E), seven muscle strength trained subjects (M) and seven sedentary subjects (S) were ...
Henning R A - - 1997
Computer operators at two work sites (n = 73, n = 19) were prompted to take three 30-s and one 3-min break from computer work each hour in addition to conventional rest breaks. Some operators were asked to perform stretching exercises during the short breaks. Mood state and musculoskeletal discomfort ...
Uda S - - 1997
This study investigated the effectiveness of several possible exercises for performance during standing work in order to prevent lower leg swelling and relieve subjective complaints. Volume changes in the lower leg were measured using bioelectrical impedance plethysmography in 13 healthy male subjects aged 23-36 years. Subjective complaints of leg pain, ...
Hollman J E - - 1997
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: A proposed mechanism for the pain-relieving properties of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is gating of impulses carried by group III and IV afferent nerve fibers. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of TENS on the pressor response to static exercise, a response ...
Aminoff T - - 1997
Ten young (aged 23-30 years) and nine older (aged 54-59 years) healthy men with a similar size of limb muscle mass performed arm crank and leg cycle exercise for 30 min at relative exercise intensities of 50% and 75% of maximal oxygen uptake for the corresponding muscle group. In the ...
Ramonatxo M - - 1996
The aim of the study was to compare breathing pattern, mouth occlusion pressure, mean inspiratory flow and the ratio of mouth occlusion pressure to mean inspiratory flow at the same power output and carbon dioxide output during arm and leg incremental exercise. Mouth occlusion pressure was used as an index ...
Isnard R - - 1996
Blood flow to working skeletal muscle is usually reduced during exercise in patients with congestive heart failure. An intrinsic impairment of skeletal muscle vasodilatory capacity has been suspected as a mechanism of this muscle underperfusion during maximal exercise, but its role during submaximal exercise remains unclear. Therefore, we studied by ...
Keteyian S J - - 1996
PURPOSE: This study compares the responses of 20 male patients (mean age 51 +/- 11 years) with stable heart failure during peak and submaximal arm and leg exercise. METHODS: On day 1, subjects completed two symptom-limited graded exercise tests, one with their arms and one with their legs. On day ...
Hamilton A L - - 1996
The aim of the study was to compare (1) the intensity of leg effort and dyspnea during exercise and (2) subjective limitations to performance in normal subjects, patients receiving medication for cardiac disorders, patients with pulmonary impairment, patients with pulmonary impairment who were also receiving cardiac medications, patients experiencing chest ...
Günthard J - - 1996
Ten years after coarctation repair, 36 adolescents and young adults were studied in order to evaluate the relationship of anatomy at the resection site to blood pressure and arm-leg and Doppler gradients. The patients underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), exercise testing, and continuous wave (CW) Doppler echocardiography. On MRI, residual ...
Guenthard J - - 1996
Seventeen years after coarctation repair, 36 patients were studied by magnetic resonance imaging and exercise testing to measure residual anatomical stenosis and hormonal response to exercise, and to evaluate their effect on arm-leg gradients and on exercise hypertension. The systolic arm pressure, leg pressure and arm-leg gradient were measured at ...
Pizza F X - - 1996
The primary purpose of the study was to compare maximal accumulated oxygen deficit (MAOD) in resistance-trained (RT), endurance-trained (ET), and untrained men (UT). A secondary purpose was to determine the influence of leg muscle mass (MM) on MAOD by examining the relationship between MM and MAOD and by comparing MAOD ...
Kosmas E N - - 1996
Since leg muscles receive the majority of cardiac output and consume a large proportion of total oxygen consumption (VO2) during cycle exercise, maximum leg blood flow may be an important determinant of peak VO2 (VO2peak). We investigated the relationships between parameters of active hyperemia after thigh tourniquet occlusion (alone or ...
O'Connor P J - - 1996
This study examined psychometric correlates of rated perceived exertion (RPE) and perceived dyspnea (RPD) during progressive arm ergometry. Thirty female and 30 male subjects completed the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), the Profile of Mood States Questionnaire (POMS) and the Body Awareness Scale (BAS) followed by progressive arm ergometry to exhaustion. ...
Vernazza S - - 1996
The aim of the present study was to determine (i) whether the centre of gravity (CG) shift resulting from the mechanical effect of arm raising in the frontal plane is minimized in standing subjects and (ii) whether this putative minimization is affected by the support conditions (unipedal vs bipedal) and/or ...
Stevenson T J - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To examine the concurrent validity of the Berg Balance Scale (BBS) in subjects with hemiparesis after stroke by correlating functional balance performance on the BBS with laboratory measures of balance (center of pressure [CP] and electromyographic [EMG] activity of leg musculature during rapid arm flexion and during quiet stance). ...
Hallén J - - 1996
Infusion of the beta 2-adrenoceptor agonist terbutaline will cause an activation of the Na(+)-K+ pump that leads to lowering of plasma K+ concentration and intracellular Na+ concentration. The present study examines whether these changes will affect the K+ homeostasis during subsequent exercise. Two-legged knee-extension exercise was carried out at low ...
Kagaya A - - 1996
The present study aimed to determine whether vasoconstriction in active calf occurring during combined exercise diminished or persisted when added low- and high-intensity elbow flexion exercise ceased and single leg exercise continued. Six active women (mean age, 21.2 years) participated in this study. During 10-min plantar flexion exercise at 10% ...
Amato H K - - 1996
The use of isokinetic equipment and the leg press exercise have been major components of rehabilitation for the past several years when redeveloping muscular strength. Recently, closed kinetic chain exercises have been shown to be more beneficial and have less adverse affects on the knee when rehabilitating a patient's lower ...
Williamson J W - - 1996
Neural control of the circulation during static two-leg exercise was evaluated in 10 subjects. External compression of the legs was employed to assess muscle mechano-receptor influence by achieving the same intramuscular pressure (80 mmHg) as developed during exercise. The muscle metabo-reflex contribution was assessed by post-exercise muscle ischaemia, and the ...
Tanaka H - - 1996
Seven competitive road cyclists (M +/- SE = 23.7 +/- 1.5 yr, 70.5 +/- 1.7 kg) participated to determine the effects of cycling body position on physiological responses during uphill cycling and maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max). There was no significant difference in VO2max between seated and standing positions on a ...
Maki B E - - 1996
Previous studies of compensatory stepping, in response to postural perturbation, have focussed on forward or backward stepping; however, the ability to step in other directions is of equal functional importance, since the perturbations encountered in daily life may often include a lateral component. The primary objective of this study was ...
Koga S - - 1996
Pulmonary oxygen uptake (V O2) kinetics at onset of exercise is reported to be slower for arm than for leg exercise. This could be attributed to reduced cardiac output (Q) or reduced arteriovenous O2 content difference or both. To test this, V O2 mean tissue oxygen consumption (V O2T) and ...
Aminoff T - - 1996
Ten young (aged 23-30 years) and nine older (aged 54-59 years) healthy men with similar estimated limb muscle volumes performed, in random order, three different types of ergometer exercise tests (one-arm cranking, two-arm cranking, and two-leg cycling) up to the maximal level. Values for work load (WL), peak oxygen consumption ...
Bangsbo J - - 1996
The present study examined NH3 (ammonia and ammonium) uptake in resting leg muscle. Six male subjects performed intermittent arm exercise at various intensities in two separate 32-min periods (part I and part II) and in one subsequent 20-min period in which one-legged exercise was also performed (part III). The arterial ...
Rissanen S - - 1996
Thermal responses and muscle performance in humans were studied during rest and exercise in a cool environment with different clothing distributions over the legs. Nine female subjects were exposed to 5 degrees C wearing shorts (SS), trousers with long legs (LL) or trousers with one long leg and one short ...
Hoffman M D - - 1996
The primary purpose of this study was to determine if the aerobic demand for production of specified power outputs is altered by distribution of work between the arms and legs compared with when all the work is performed by the legs. Because of the important exercise training implications, a secondary ...
Eliot D J - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: Understanding the recruitment patterns of shoulder girdle prime-mover muscles will allow meaningful exploration of non-prime-mover neck muscle activity during arm and shoulder efforts. This study identifies exercises that isolate recruitment of levator scapulae from recruitment of upper trapezius. The exercises will be used for electromyographic experiments in which the ...
Zattara-Hartmann M C - - 1996
There is no clear evidence that the cardiorespiratory response to progressive maximal leg exercise was affected in proportion to the fall in PaO2 as measured from arterialized ear lobe blood. Subjects inhaling room air (rest PaO2 = 81 +/- 1 mmHg) or hypoxic gas mixtures, containing 15% or 10% O2 ...
Fink G R - - 1995
1. The neurophysiological basis for the increase in breathing associated with exercise remains obscure. The present study uses positron emission tomography (PET) to measure relative regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in order to identify sites of increased neuronal activation during and immediately following exercise. 2. Male volunteers underwent H2(15)O PET ...
Johnson D - - 1995
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to characterize peripheral flow kinetics in response to progressive discontinuous maximal exercise in 10 patients who underwent repair of coarctation of the aorta and 11 age-matched healthy adolescents. BACKGROUND: An impairment of leg blood flow has been suggested on the basis of exaggerated ...
Cafarelli E - - 1995
One of the consequences of endurance training is a reduction in force sensation in trained muscles at any exercise intensity. To study the central and peripheral contributions to this adaptation, we trained six male subjects with single-leg cycling at 60% VO2 peak (30 min/day x 3 days/week x 8 weeks); ...
Richardson R S - - 1995
Recent studies have demonstrated that single-leg knee extensor (KE) exercise elicits high mass-specific blood flow (Q) which, if incremented toward maximum, in the presence of additional muscle recruitment would soon outstrip the heart's pumping capacity and blood pressure would fall. Thus incremental KE exercise provides the opportunity to determine the ...
Riley J D - - 1995
Leg cramps are a common problem, especially in the elderly. The differential diagnosis is extensive and includes the following conditions: true cramps, such as those related to heat, hemodialysis and electrolyte disturbances, as well as idiopathic cramps (the most common type); contractures occurring in conditions such as metabolic myopathies and ...
Louisy F - - 1995
Seven healthy subjects were submitted to a 42-day head down bedrest, where leg venous compliance (venous distensibility index VDI) and leg volumes were assessed by mercury strain gauge plethysmography with venous occlusion and optoelectronic plethysmography, respectively. Plethysmographic and volometric measurements were made, before, during (at days 1, 4, 7, 14, ...
Tiidus P M - - 1995
Manual massage is commonly assumed to enhance long term muscle recovery from intense exercise, partly due to its ability to speed healing via enhanced muscle blood flow. We tested these assumptions by daily (for four days) massaging the quadriceps muscles of one leg on subjects who had previously completed an ...
Rinder A N - - 1995
Thirteen males and 7 females completed their maximum number of leg extensions against a half maximum load. In a randomised, crossover study they were exercised to fatigue using an ergonometer, ski-squats and leg extensions followed either by a 6 min massage or rest after which they again completed their maximum ...
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