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Sideravičiūtė, Sandrija
Regular aerobic exercises are beneficial not only for healthy people. Physical activity plays a big part in the lives of children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus too. Walking, biking, swimming, dancing, and many other activities are considered to be aerobic exercises and they are all healthy. What kind ...
Barlow Matthew John MJ 1Carnegie Faculty of Sport and Education, Leeds Metropolitan University, Leeds, United Kingdom. 2Faculty of Science and Technology, Plymouth University, Plymouth, United Kingdom. 3University College of St Mark & St John, Plymouth, United - - 2014
This study investigated the effects of wave conditions on performance and the physiological responses of surfers. Following institutional ethical approval 39 recreational surfers participated in 60 surfing sessions where performance and physiological response were measured using GPS heart rate monitors. Using GPS the percentage time spent in surfing activity categories ...
Neyroud Daria - - 2013
The present study was designed to determine the stimulation intensity necessary for an adequate assessment of central and peripheral components of neuromuscular fatigue of the knee extensors. Three different stimulation intensities (100, 120 and 150 % of the lowest intensity evoking a plateau in M-waves and twitch amplitudes, optimal stimulation intensity, ...
Hody S - - 2013
The aims of this study were first to compare the response of dominant and non-dominant legs to eccentric exercise and second, to examine whether there is an effect of exercise order on the magnitude of symptoms associated with intense eccentric protocols. Eighteen young men performed three sets of 30 maximal ...
Uy Alice L - - 2012
Purpose: Incident arteriovenous fistula (AVF) rates remain low. AVF placement is often not attempted because of small cephalic vein (CV) diameter. We postulated that isometric handgrip exercises would increase forearm CV diameter and allow successful AVF creation in non-AVF candidates.
Methods: Adult subjects without prior vascular access (eGFR<25mL/min/1.73 m2; CV<2.5mm) were ...
Gibson Craig A - - 2012
This article collects and examines all references to doctors in rhetorical exercises used in ancient Greek and Roman schools in the Roman Empire. While doctors are sometimes portrayed positively as philanthropic, expert practitioners of their divinely sanctioned art, they are more often depicted as facing charges for poisoning their patients.
Francescato Maria Pia - - 2011
The purposes of this study were to describe a newly developed algorithm that estimates the glucose supplement on a patient- and situation-specific basis and to test whether these amounts would be appropriate for maintaining blood glucose levels within the recommended range in exercising type 1 diabetic patients. The algorithm first ...
Franssen Frits M E - - 2011
Skeletal muscle biopsy studies have consistently shown a decreased oxidative phenotype in patients with moderate to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Limited information is available regarding potential adaptations or abnormalities in anaerobic metabolism and glucose homeostasis. Whole-body glucose production was assessed at rest and during exercise in COPD patients ...
Boss Andreas - - 2011
Intramyocellular acetylcarnitine (IMAC) is involved in exercise-related fuel metabolism. It is not known whether levels of systemic glucose influence IMAC levels in type 1 diabetes. Seven male individuals with type 1 diabetes performed 120 min of aerobic exercise at 55-60% of Vo(2max) randomly on two occasions (glucose clamped to 5 ...
Chowdhury Kawshik K - - 2011
Food in the upper gastrointestinal tract potentiates the glucose uptake response to insulin. Meal-induced insulin sensitization (MIS) occurs as a result of insulin-mediated release of hepatic insulin sensitizing substance (HISS) that increases glucose uptake in peripheral tissues. HISS release decreases with age, and exercise causes metabolic improvements in aging, therefore ...
Pellinger Thomas K - - 2010
Elevated blood flow can potentially influence skeletal muscle glucose uptake, but the impact of postexercise hyperemia on glucose availability to skeletal muscle remains unknown. Because postexercise hyperemia is mediated by histamine H(1)- and H(2)-receptors, we tested the hypothesis that postexercise interstitial glucose concentrations would be lower in the presence of ...
Maran Alberto - - 2010
Exercise is a cornerstone of diabetes therapy in type 1 diabetes mellitus (DMT1) patients. The type of exercise is important in determining the propensity to hypoglycemia. We assessed, by continuous glucose monitoring (CGM), the glucose profiles during and in the following 20h after a session of two different types of ...
Green Andrew J - - 2011
Objective. To examine the association between exercising regularly and trying to lose weight, and quality of life among individuals with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods. Respondents to the US SHIELD baseline survey reported whether they had tried to lose weight during the previous 12 months and whether ...
de Barros Marcelo C - - 2010
The objective of the study was to evaluate the effect of a resistance exercise program with an elastic band on insulin requirement and glycemic control in patients with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Sixty-four patients with gestational diabetes mellitus were randomly assigned into 2 groups: an exercise group (EG; n = ...
Arikawa Andrea Y - - 2010
Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) and IGF binding protein 3 (IGFBP-3) have been associated with increased risk of breast cancer. We report our findings on the effects of 16 weeks of aerobic exercise on IGF axis proteins, insulin, glucose, and insulin resistance of 319 young sedentary women. Demographics, health surveys, ...
Lecoultre Virgile - - 2010
BACKGROUND: When fructose is ingested together with glucose (GLUFRU) during exercise, plasma lactate and exogenous carbohydrate oxidation rates are higher than with glucose alone. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to investigate to what extent GLUFRU increased lactate kinetics and oxidation rate and gluconeogenesis from lactate (GNG(L)) and from fructose (GNG(F)). DESIGN: ...
Muller Alexandre P - - 2011
Increasing evidence indicates that physical exercise induces adaptations at the cellular, molecular, and systemic levels that positively affect the brain. Insulin plays important functional roles within the brain that are mediated by insulin-receptor (IR) signaling. In the hippocampus, insulin improves synaptic plasticity, memory formation, and learning via direct modulation of ...
Kim Won-Seok - - 2010
Repetitive limb movements made during aerobic exercises, such as walking and jogging that are frequently prescribed for diabetes control, can induce nerve strain, which has been reported to induce nerve ischemia. Nerves in a diabetic background are more vulnerable to ischemia. We investigated the effects of repetitive treadmill and swimming ...
Copp Steven W - - 2010
The purpose of the present investigation was to examine the muscle hyperemic response to steady-state submaximal running exercise in the Goto-Kakizaki (GK) Type II diabetic rat. Specifically, the hypothesis was tested that Type II diabetes would redistribute exercising blood flow toward less oxidative muscles and muscle portions of the hindlimb. ...
Levinger I - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to examine if the reduction in glucose post-exercise is mediated by undercarboxylated osteocalcin (unOC). Obese men were randomly assigned to do aerobic or power exercises. The change in unOC levels was correlated with the change in glucose levels post-exercise. The reduction in glucose post-acute ...
Hosaka Yoshiyuki - - 2010
The present study was conducted to investigate the effect of daily passive exercise using a horseback riding machine (Joba) on insulin sensitivity and resting metabolism in middle-aged, diabetic patients. Participants were 24 type 2 diabetes mellitus patients aged 59 +/- 8 years (mean +/- SD; range from 43 to 75 ...
Baldi James C - - 2010
PURPOSE: This study aimed to (a) examine the influence of type I diabetes on the cardiopulmonary exercise response in trained subjects and (b) determine whether glycemic control affects these responses. METHODS: The cardiopulmonary responses to maximal incremental cycle ergometry were compared in 12 Ironman triathletes with type I diabetes and ...
Sedlock Darlene A - - 2010
Literature examining the effects of aerobic exercise training on excess postexercise oxygen consumption (EPOC) is sparse. In this study, 9 male participants (19-32 yr) trained (EX) for 12 wk, and 10 in a control group (CON) maintained normal activity. VO(2max), rectal temperature (T(re)), epinephrine, norepinephrine, free fatty acids (FFA), insulin, ...
Hasson Rebecca E - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Previous research suggests non-Hispanic blacks (blacks) are more insulin resistant than non-Hispanic whites (whites). Physical activity can play an important role in reducing insulin resistance. However, it is unknown whether racial differences exist in response to exercise. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare metabolic responses to ...
Mauras Nelly - - 2010
To investigate if oral glutamine ameliorates exercise and postexercise nighttime hypoglycemia in type 1 diabetic adolescents. Ten adolescents (15.2 +/- 1.4 years [SD], A1C 6.9 +/- 0.9%) on insulin pumps were studied. The subjects were randomized to receive a glutamine or placebo drink pre-exercise and at bedtime (0.25 g/kg/dose). A ...
Meex Ruth C R - - 2010
Exercise training is advocated in insulin resistance and statins are used to treat hyperlipidaemia, two cardiometabolic risk factors often presenting concurrently. Statin intake may blunt mitochondrial function and the adaptive response to exercise training. Thus combining exercise training with statin administration may have adverse effects. We examined whether improvements in ...
Motta D F - - 2010
The present study was undertaken to determine the effects of type 2 diabetes (T2D) on plasma kallikrein activity (PKA) and postexercise hypotension (PEH). Ten T2D patients (age: 53.6±1.3 years; body mass index: 30.6±1.0kg/m(2); resting blood glucose: 157.8±40.2mgdL(-1)) and 10 non-diabetic (ND) volunteers (age: 47.5±1.0 years; body mass index: 28.3±0.9kg/m(2); resting ...
Menzies-Gow Nicola J - - 2010
Certain individual animals appear predisposed to recurrent pasture-associated laminitis, but the exact mechanisms underlying their predisposition remain a fundamental question in laminitis research. The risk of endocrinopathic laminitis can be reduced if steps are taken to improve insulin sensitivity and reduce inflammation using strategies based on exercise and diet. Exercise ...
Ith Michael - - 2010
Intramyocellular lipids (IMCL) are flexible fuel stores that are depleted by physical exercise and replenished by fat intake. IMCL or their degradation products are thought to interfere with insulin signaling thereby contributing to insulin resistance. From a practical point of view it is desirable to deplete IMCL prior to replenishing ...
Jenni S - - 2010
The aim of this randomized, single-blinded cross-over study was to investigate the response of interleukin-6 (IL-6) during moderate aerobic exercise in stable euglycaemia and hyperglycaemia in seven male patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus. IL-6 increased significantly over the entire study period in euglycaemia, but not in hyperglycaemia.
Okada Sadanori - - 2010
The effects of exercise intervention and to assess its long-term efficacy in preventing subsequent cardiovascular events in patients with type 2 diabetes were little known on randomized controlled trial. Thirty-eight type 2 diabetic patients (21 men and 17 women) were assigned to either the exercise group (n=21) or the control ...
Graveling A J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Exercise-induced hypoglycaemia is common in people with insulin-treated diabetes and if severe can provoke neurological morbidity including coma and seizures. Depending on the duration and demands of the physical activity, various strategies can be used to limit the risk of hypoglycaemia with strenuous exercise. However, metabolic events occurring in ...
Ku Y H - - 2010
Lipid accumulation in muscle is associated with diminished insulin sensitivity. It was hypothesized that resistance exercise decreases muscular adipose tissue and reduces the level of retinol-binding protein-4 (RBP4), which is linked to adipose tissue and insulin sensitivity in diabetics. Forty-four women with type 2 diabetes were randomly assigned to three ...
West Daniel J - - 2010
In this study, we examined pre-exercise insulin reductions on consequent metabolic and dietary patterns for 24 h after running in individuals with type 1 diabetes. Seven participants self-administered their Full rapid-acting insulin dose or 75%, 50% or 25% of it, immediately before consuming a 1.12-MJ meal. After 2 h, participants ...
Goodwin Matthew L - - 2010
Management of many chronic diseases now includes regular exercise as part of a viable treatment plan. Exercise in the form of prolonged, submaximal, continuous exercise (SUBEX; i.e., approximately 30 min to 1 h, approximately 40-70% of maximal oxygen uptake) is often prescribed due to its relatively low risk, the willingness ...
De Souza Cláudio T - - 2010
Protein hepatocyte nuclear factor 4alpha (HNF-4alpha) is atypically activated in the liver of diabetic rodents and contributes to hepatic glucose production. HNF-4alpha and Foxo1 can physically interact with each other and represent an important signal transduction pathway that regulates the synthesis of glucose in the liver. Foxo1 and HNF-4alpha interact ...
Phillips Melody D - - 2010
The purpose of this project was to examine the influence of resistance exercise (RE) intensities, resulting in different total volume loads on circulating interleukin-6 (IL-6), insulin and glucose response (IGR) to a carbohydrate feeding (CHO), and whether RE-induced IL-6 was associated with postexercise IGR. Fourteen men (21.7 +/- 1.7 years, ...
Merry Troy L - - 2010
There is evidence that reactive oxygen species (ROS) signalling is required for normal increases in glucose uptake during contraction of isolated mouse skeletal muscle, and that AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is involved. The aim of this study was to determine whether ROS signalling is involved in the regulation of glucose ...
Llaneza Placido - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether a standard dose of 40 mg of soy isoflavones prescribed in routine clinical practice for treatment of menopausal symptoms has some influence on glucose homeostasis in postmenopausal women with insulin resistance (IR). METHODS: A total of 116 postmenopausal women with ...
Carter Rebecca A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine effects of exercise training without dietary restriction on adiposity, basal hormone and lipid concentrations and glucose and insulin dynamics in overweight or obese, insulin-resistant horses. ANIMALS: 12 overweight or obese (body condition score > or = 7), insulin-resistant (insulin sensitivity < or = 1.2 x 10(-4) L/min/mU) ...
Kitahara Yoshihiro - - 2010
Patients with type 2 diabetes have impaired exercise capacity. While numerous factors are known to contribute to impaired exercise capacity, the role of lung function remains unclear. We conducted the present study to investigate the influence of lung function on exercise capacity in patients with type 2 diabetes. Cardiopulmonary exercise ...
Carter Rebecca A - - 2010
Objective-To determine effects of exercise training without dietary restriction on adiposity, basal hormone and lipid concentrations, and glucose and insulin dynamics in overweight or obese, insulin-resistant horses. Animals-12 overweight or obese (body condition score >/= 7), insulin-resistant (insulin sensitivity </= 1.2 x 10(-4) L/min/mU) geldings. Procedures-4 horses remained sedentary, and ...
Funai Katsuhiko - - 2010
The cellular mechanisms whereby prior exercise enhances insulin-stimulated glucose transport (GT) are not well understood. Previous studies suggested that a prolonged increase in phosphorylation of Akt substrate of 160 kDa (AS160) may be important for the postexercise increase in insulin sensitivity. In the current study, the effects of in vivo ...
Kadoglou N P E - - 2010
AIM: This study assessed the impact of regular exercise on inflammatory markers (high-sensitivity C-reactive protein [hsCRP], fibrinogen), and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their inhibitors (TIMPs), in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). PATIENTS: Fifty overweight patients with T2DM were randomly assigned to two groups: (A) an exercise group (EXG, ...
Bertram M Y - - 2010
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: This study aims to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of a screening programme for pre-diabetes, which was followed up by treatment with pharmaceutical interventions (acarbose, metformin, orlistat) or lifestyle interventions (diet, exercise, diet and exercise) in order to prevent or slow the onset of diabetes in those at high risk. METHODS: ...
Manders Ralph J F - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Glycemic instability is a severely underestimated problem in type 2 diabetes treatment. Therapeutic targets should aim to reduce postprandial blood glucose excursions. Exercise prescription can effectively improve glucose homeostasis and reduce the risk of cardiovascular complications. AIM: To assess the impact of a single, isoenergetic bout of low- (LI) ...
Zisser H - - 2010
Regular exercise is one of the most powerful treatments for the prevention and treatment of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Exercise is also beneficial for those living with type 1 diabetes although challenges exist with its prescription as it can promote both hyperglycaemia and hypoglycaemia and motivating patients ...
Sharoff Carrie G CG Department of Kinesiology, University of Massachusetts Amherst, - - 2010
Results from the Diabetes Prevention Program highlight the effectiveness of metformin or regular physical activity in the prevention of type 2 diabetes. Independently, metformin and exercise increase insulin sensitivity, but they have not been studied in combination. To assess the combined effects, insulin-resistant subjects (n = 9) matched for weight, ...
Salem Mona A - - 2010
Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is associated with a high risk for early atherosclerotic complications especially risk of coronary heart disease. To evaluate the impact of six months exercise prgram on glycemic control, plasma lipids values, blood pressure, severity and frequency of hypoglycemia, anthropometric measurements and insulin dose in a ...
Ghanbari-Niaki Abbass - - 2010
Visfatin is a newly characterized protein that is highly expressed in visceral adipose tissue and may play a role in insulin resistance. We investigated the effects of repeated short bouts of high-intensity exercise on plasma visfatin and related metabolic responses. Six young, physically fit men (22.8 +/- 2.3 years; 78.5 ...
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