Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1077
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Fenton Anita C - - 2003
An Afghan hound was presented with recurring episodes of weakness progressing to seizures after exercise. Insulinoma was diagnosed by demonstrating excessive insulin secretion in the presence of hypoglycemia. A pancreatic mass was identified and removed during an exploratory laparotomy. Surgical and pathological findings, diagnosis, and clinical management are discussed.
Kang Sun Kil - - 2003
A new outer layer composition, consisting of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), Kel-F oil, and Nafion, is suggested to minimize the detrimental effect of dissolved oxygen and to extend the linear response range of a glucose oxidase(GOx)-based sensor using nonconducting polymer. The morphology of Kel-F/PTFE/Kel-F/Nafion polymeric laminate was followed during fabrication by SEM. ...
Hamada Taku - - 2004
Our laboratory has recently demonstrated that low-frequency electrical stimulation (ES) of quadriceps muscles alone significantly enhanced glucose disposal rate (GDR) during euglycemic clamp (Hamada T, Sasaki H, Hayashi T, Moritani T, and Nakao K. J Appl Physiol 94: 2107-2112, 2003). The present study is further follow-up to examine the acute ...
Caron Anny - - 2004
Ingestion of glucose before exercise results in a transient increase in plasma insulin concentrations. We hypothesized that if glucose was also ingested during the exercise period the elevated plasma insulin concentration could increase exogenous glucose oxidation. The oxidation rate of glucose ingested 30 min before (50 g) and/or during (110 ...
Vincent Sophie - - 2004
The influence of gender on the glucose response to exercise remains contradictory. Moreover, to our knowledge, the glucoregulatory responses to anaerobic sprint exercise have only been studied in male subjects. Hence, the aim of the present study was to compare glucoregulatory metabolic (glucose and lactate) and hormonal (insulin, catecholamines and ...
Delarue Jacques - - 2003
The present study examined the effects of a 3-week fish-oil supplementation (6 g/d) on the rate of plasma glucose disappearance (Rd glucose), hepatic glucose production (HGP), carbohydrate oxidation and lipid oxidation during exercise. Six untrained males (23+/-1 years; 67.6+/-2.7 kg) performed two 90 min cycling exercise sessions at 60 % ...
Asikainen T-M - - 2003
We studied the fractionization of walking training and searched for the minimum dose to affect coronary risk factors in two randomized controlled trials. Altogether 134 (Study I) and 121 (Study II) healthy, sedentary postmenopausal women started the trials, and 130 (Study I) and 116 (Study II) completed them. In Study ...
Fueger Patrick T - - 2004
Muscle glucose uptake (MGU) is determined by glucose delivery, transport, and phosphorylation. C57Bl/6J mice overexpressing GLUT4, hexokinase II (HK II), or both were used to determine the barriers to MGU. A carotid artery and jugular vein were catheterized for arterial blood sampling and venous infusions. Experiments were conducted in conscious ...
Houmard Joseph A - - 2004
Physical activity enhances insulin action in obese/overweight individuals. However, the exercise prescription required for the optimal enhancement is not known. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that exercise training consisting of vigorous-intensity activity would enhance insulin sensitivity more substantially than moderate-intensity activity. Sedentary, overweight/obese subjects (n ...
Potteiger Jeffrey A - - 2003
The current study examined the insulin and glucose response during an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) in overweight young adults prior to and following exercise training in the Midwest Exercise Trial (MET). Subjects (N = 66) were randomly assigned to non-exercise control (CON; 16 females, 13 males) or exercise (EX; ...
Nybo L - - 2003
AIM: This study evaluated if the fatigue and apathy arising during exercise with hypoglycaemia could relate to a lowering of the cerebral metabolic rates of glucose and oxygen. METHODS AND RESULTS: Six males completed 3 h of cycling with or without glucose supplementation in random order. Cerebral blood flow, metabolism ...
Kemppainen Jukka - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of a 5-month exercise training program on skeletal muscle perfusion and insulin sensitivity at rest and during exercise in patients with idiopathic dilative cardiomyopathy (DCM). BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic heart failure are characterized by impaired insulin sensitivity and ...
Li Shiyan - - 2003
Regular physical activity promotes cardiorespiratory fitness and has been considered a cornerstone for non-pharmacological treatment of more than 17 million Americans with diabetes mellitus. Physical exercise has been shown to positively affect certain cardiovascular risk factors such as insulin resistance, glucose metabolism, blood pressure and body fat composition, which are ...
Ruzzin J - - 2003
The purpose of the present experiment was to compare 13CO2 recovery at the mouth, and the corresponding exogenous glucose oxidation computed, during a 100-min exercise at 63 +/- 3% maximal O2 uptake with ingestion of glucose (1.75 g/kg) in six active male subjects, by use of [U-13C] and [1,2-13C]glucose. We ...
Kraemer Robert R - - 2003
Adiponectin is a recently discovered adipocyte protein that is lower in patients with coronary artery disease and in Type II diabetics who have insulin resistance. Regular exercise is known to be a preventative factor in the development of atherosclerosis and Type II diabetes. Acute exercise increases insulin sensitivity; however, it ...
Fueger Patrick T - - 2003
Muscle glucose uptake (MGU) is distributively controlled by three serial steps: delivery of glucose to the muscle membrane, transport across the muscle membrane, and intracellular phosphorylation to glucose 6-phosphate by hexokinase (HK). During states of high glucose fluxes such as moderate exercise, the HK activity is of increased importance, since ...
Wolfe Larry A - - 2003
This study was conducted to test the hypothesis that aerobic conditioning prevents exercise-induced hypoglycemia and preserves the capacity to utilize carbohydrates and to produce lactate during heavy exercise in late gestation. The effects of closely monitored cycle ergometer conditioning (heart rate = 143 +/- 2 beats/min, 25 min/day, 3 days/week) ...
Galassetti Pietro - - 2003
Exercise-related hypoglycemia is common in intensively treated patients with type 1 diabetes. The underlying mechanisms are not clearly defined. In nondiabetic subjects, hypoglycemia blunts counterregulatory responses to subsequent exercise. It is unknown whether this also occurs in type 1 diabetes. Therefore, the goal of this study was to test the ...
Christopher Michael J - - 2003
The effect of diabetes and exercise on skeletal muscle (SkM) AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK)alpha1 and -alpha2 activities and site-specific phosphorylation of acetyl-CoA carboxylase was examined in the same six dogs before alloxan (35 mg/kg)-induced diabetes (C) and after 4-5 wk of suboptimally controlled hyperglycemic and hypoinsulinemic diabetes (DHG) in the ...
Lakka Timo A - - 2003
Several genome-wide linkage scans have been carried out to identify quantitative trait loci for type 2 diabetes and related metabolic phenotypes. However, no previous linkage scans have focused on the response to exercise training of relevant metabolic traits. We performed a genome-wide linkage scan for baseline fasting glucose, insulin, and ...
Colberg Sheri R - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: We previously demonstrated a positive association between chronic aerobic exercise and dorsal foot skin blood flow during local heating in type 2 diabetic individuals. Thus, we hypothesized that a prior acute bout of maximal exercise would also have positive effects on postexercise blood flow. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Subjects ...
Pencek R Richard - - 2003
The purpose of this study was to assess whether a prior bout of exercise enhances passive gut glucose absorption. Mongrel dogs had sampling catheters, infusion catheters, and a portal vein flow probe implanted 17 days before an experiment. Protocols consisted of either 150 min of exercise (n = 8) or ...
Fujimoto Toshihiko - - 2003
PURPOSE: Endurance training enhances skeletal muscle glucose uptake at rest, but the responses to different exercise intensities are unknown. In the present study, we tested whether glucose uptake is enhanced in trained men during low-, moderate-, and high-intensity exercise as compared with untrained men. METHODS: Seven trained and untrained men ...
Bina Dawn M - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether clinically significant differences exist in fasting blood glucose (BG) at the forearm, palm, and thigh relative to the fingertip; to assess the impact of prandial status by comparing BG between alternative sites and the fingertip at several time intervals after carbohydrate intake; to assess the effects ...
Schrauwen-Hinderling V B - - 2003
The present study investigated the influences of a 2-wk training program on intramyocellular lipid (IMCL) content, IMCL decrease during exercise, fat oxidation, and insulin sensitivity. Nine untrained men (age, 23.3 +/- 3.2 yr; body mass index, 22.6 +/- 2.6 kg/m(2); maximal power output, 3.8 +/- 0.6 W/kg body weight) trained ...
Nybo Lars - - 2003
INTRODUCTION: Ingestion of carbohydrates during prolonged exercise may improve endurance, whereas an insufficient supply of glucose results in hypoglycemia and fatigue. Fatigue, defined as a loss of force-generating capacity, may develop for a variety of reasons and involve both central and peripheral factors. This study investigated whether CNS activation of ...
Thong Farah S L - - 2003
We have examined the effects of insulin on p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) phosphorylation in human skeletal muscle and the effects of prior exercise hereon. Seven men performed 1-h one-legged knee extensor exercise 3 h before the initiation of a 100-min euglycemic-hyperinsulinemic (600 pmol/l) clamp. Glucose uptake across the legs ...
Nielsen J N - - 2003
Exercise-induced glucose uptake in skeletal muscle is mediated by an insulin-independent mechanism, but the actual signals to glucose transport in response to muscle contraction have not been identified. The 5'-AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) has emerged as a putative mediator of contraction-induced glucose transport, although no conclusive evidence has been provided ...
Zoppini G - - 2003
Evaluation of quality of life is important in treatment strategies of chronic illnesses, such as diabetes mellitus. The present study aimed at measuring the impact of self-reported exercise on quality of life in T1DM patients. Fifty-three young T1DM patients on intensive insulin-treatment regime who were regularly attending the Diabetes Clinic ...
Kahara Toshio - - 2003
Exercise training improves insulin sensitivity, but individual responses vary greatly. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) is a regulator of adipose cell differentiation and plays an important role in systemic insulin action. We investigated whether PPARgamma gene polymorphism affects insulin resistance in response to exercise in Japanese healthy men. The exercise program ...
Wadley, Glenn
Regular physical activity improves insulin action and is an effective therapy for the treatment and prevention of type 2 diabetes. However, little is known of the mechanisms by which exercise improves insulin action in muscle. These studies investigate the actions of a single bout of exercise and short-term endurance training ...
Jentjens Roy L P G - - 2002
Pre-exercise carbohydrate feeding may result in rebound hypoglycemia in some but not all athletes. The aim of the present study was to examine whether insulin sensitivity in athletes who develop rebound hypoglycemia is higher compared with those who do not show rebound hypoglycemia. Twenty trained athletes (VO(2max) of 61.8 +/- ...
Jentjens R L P G - - 2003
Studies on the effect of the pre-exercise ingestion of carbohydrate on metabolism and performance have produced conflicting results, perhaps because of differences in the designs of the studies. The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of ingesting differing amounts of glucose pre-exercise on the glucose and ...
Jentjens R L P G - - 2003
The glycaemic and insulinaemic responses to different carbohydrates vary and these have been suggested to affect performance. The purpose of the present study was to determine the effects of pre-exercise ingestion of glucose (GLU), galactose (GAL) and trehalose (TRE) on metabolic responses at rest and during exercise and on subsequent ...
Galassetti Pietro - - 2002
A marked sexual dimorphism in neuroendocrine and metabolic responses to moderate, prolonged exercise occurs in healthy humans. It is unknown whether similar differences occur in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Fifteen patients with T1DM (7 women and 8 men) were studied during 90 min of euglycemic exercise at 50% of ...
Miller Benjamin F - - 2002
To evaluate the hypothesis that precursor supply limits gluconeogenesis (GNG) during exercise, we examined training-induced changes in glucose kinetics [rates of appearance (R(a)) and disappearance (R(d))], oxidation (R(ox)), and recycling (R(r)) with an exogenous lactate infusion to 3.5-4.0 mM during rest and to pretraining 65% peak O(2) consumption (VO(2 peak)) ...
Ørngreen Mette C - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Patients with carnitine palmitoyltransferase II (CPT II) deficiency often experience muscle pain and myoglobinuria during prolonged exercise because of impaired oxidation of long-chain fatty acids. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether IV or oral glucose can improve exercise tolerance in CPT II deficiency. METHODS: Five patients with CPT II deficiency and ...
Kumagai S - - 2002
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationships among the resting systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) or SBP response during exercise with insulin resistance evaluated by a homeostasis model (HOMA-IR), abdominal fat accumulation (visceral fat area [VFA], subcutaneous fat area [SFA]) by computed tomography (CT), ...
Suh Sang-Hoon - - 2003
We examined the effects of oral contraceptives (OC) on glucose flux and whole body substrate oxidation rates during rest (90 min) and two exercise intensities [60-min leg ergometer cycling at 45 and 65% peak O(2) uptake (Vo(2 peak))]. Eight healthy, eumenorrheic women were studied during the follicular and luteal phases ...
Béquet F - - 2002
The relationship between brain glucose and serotonin is still unclear and no direct evidence of an action of brain glucose on serotonergic metabolism in central fatigue phenomena has been shown yet. In order to determine whether or not brain glucose could influence the brain 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) system, we have monitored ...
Frank Laura Lewis - - 2002
The effect of fungal carbohydrases (Carbogen[C]) consumed with a meal replacement bar (MBR) on glucose metabolism and exercise performance was determined in 5 male competitive cyclists. After a 12-hour fast, subjects performed two 60-min cycling bouts at 80% VO2max followed by a time-to-exhaustion (TE) ride at 100% VO2max. One hour ...
Malinowski K - - 2002
The purpose of the study was to determine whether 12 weeks of exercise training would affect plasma glucose and plasma insulin concentrations in young and older Standardbred mares. Eighteen healthy, unfit mares representing 3 age groups were used: young (Y = 6.8 +/- 0.4 years; n = 6), middle-aged (MA ...
Angus Damien J - - 2002
Nine endurance-trained men exercised on a cycle ergometer at approximately 68% peak O2 uptake to the point of volitional fatigue [232 +/- 14 (SE) min] while ingesting an 8% carbohydrate solution to determine how high glucose disposal could increase under physiological conditions. Plasma glucose kinetics were measured using a primed, ...
Geor R J - - 2002
In several species, physical conditioning (training) provokes a large shift in substrate utilisation during submaximal exercise. Few studies in horses have quantitatively examined these effects. Therefore, the effects of exercise training on plasma glucose kinetics during submaximal exercise were examined in 7 horses (5 Thoroughbred, 2 Standardbred; age 3-9 years) ...
Jeng Chii - - 2002
The aims of the study were to examine the influence of upper extremity exercise on glucose response and to establish a predictive model of changes in serum glucose under different exercise intensities and durations. Thirty-three type 2 DM patients who met the selection criteria were selected. An arm cycle ergometer ...
Yaspelkis B B BB - - 2002
The aim of this investigation was to determine if resistance training exercise improved glucose uptake and transport in rodent skeletal muscle. Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned to one of the three groups: control (CON), resistance trained (RT) and aerobic exercise trained (AT). Resistance trained rats were placed in a rodent squat ...
Wood Felecia G - - 2002
The purposes of this secondary analysis of data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) III Household Adult Data File (1988-1994) were to describe and compare exercise practices and preferences of adult Caucasians, African Americans, and Hispanics with diabetes and to relate that information to diabetes treatment modalities. ...
Tomás Eva - - 2002
Over the past 30 years, a considerable body of evidence has revealed that a prior bout of exercise can increase the ability of insulin to stimulate glucose transport and glycogen synthesis in skeletal muscle. Apart from its clinical implications, this work has led to a considerable effort to determine at ...
Zierath Juleen R - - 2002
This review will provide insight on the current understanding of the intracellular signaling mechanisms by which exercise training increases glucose metabolism and gene expression in skeletal muscle. Participation in regular exercise programs can have important clinical implications, leading to improved health in insulin-resistant persons. Evidence is emerging that insulin signal ...
Kemppainen Jukka - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of exercise on myocardial glucose uptake and whether the pattern of glucose uptake is the same as in skeletal muscle. Glucose uptake was measured using positron emission tomography (PET) and 2-[18F]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose ([18F]FDG). Twelve healthy men were studied during rest, while ...
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