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Kitada Koji - - 2008
Our purpose was to evaluate the effects of exercise intensities on free fatty acid (FFA) uptake in skeletal muscles, myocardium and liver among humans using (123)I-labeled 15-(p-iodophenyl)-3-(R,S)-methyl-pentadecanoic acid ((123)I-BMIPP) and single photon emission computed tomography technique (SPECT). Six untrained male subjects were studied after 35 min of ergometer bicycle exercise ...
Mathai Anila S - - 2008
The mRNA of the nuclear coactivator peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma coactivator-1alpha (PGC-1alpha) increases during prolonged exercise and is influenced by carbohydrate availability. It is unknown if the increases in mRNA reflect the PGC-1alpha protein or if glycogen stores are an important regulator. Seven male subjects [23 +/- 1.3 yr old, maximum ...
Galloway Stuart D R - - 2008
This study examined 1) the plasma taurine response to acute oral taurine supplementation (T), and 2) the effects of 7 days of T on muscle amino acid content and substrate metabolism during 2 h of cycling at approximately 60% peak oxygen consumption (VO2peak). In the first part of the study, ...
Mourtzakis M - - 2008
Muscle glutamate is central to reactions producing 2-oxoglutarate, a tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle intermediate that essentially expands the TCA cycle intermediate pool during exercise. Paradoxically, muscle glutamate drops approximately 40-80% with the onset of exercise and 2-oxoglutarate declines in early exercise. To investigate the physiological relationship between glutamate, oxidative metabolism, ...
Choi E-Y - - 2008
This study investigated the effect of vitamin B6 deficiency on the utilization and recuperation of stored fuel in physically trained rats. 48 rats were given either vitamin B6-deficient (B6-) diet or control (B6) diet for 4 weeks and were trained on treadmill for 30 minutes daily. All animals were then ...
Gella A - - 2008
The aetiology of muscle fatigue has yet not been clearly established. Administration of two nucleotides, cytosine monophosphate (CMP) and uridine monophosphate (UMP), has been prescribed for the treatment of neuromuscular affections in humans. Patients treated with CMP/UMP recover from altered neurological functions and experience pain relief, thus the interest to ...
De Bock K - - 2008
Skeletal muscle gene response to exercise depends on nutritional status during and after exercise, but it is unknown whether muscle adaptations to endurance training are affected by nutritional status during training sessions. Therefore, this study investigated the effect of an endurance training program (6 wk, 3 day/wk, 1-2 h, 75% ...
Mendes P - - 2008
The present study provides the first data on inorganic element levels in juvenile, subadult, and adult Atlantic gannets (Morus bassanus). Physiological and potentially toxic elements (As, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Hg, Mn, Pb, Se, and Zn) were assessed by ICP-MS in kidney, liver, muscle, and feathers of 31 gannets, including ...
Harber M P - - 2008
The purpose of this investigation was to examine the influence of an acute bout of resistance exercise (RE) on intramuscular triglyceride (IMTG) and muscle glycogen concentrations and intracellular signaling in women with high body fat content. Six overweight women with a high percent body fat (age 29+/-3 yr; BMI 28+/-3 ...
Trudeau François - - 2008
Aspartate has been regularly listed in exercise physiology textbooks as an ergogenic substance since the first known trial by Professor Henri Laborit's laboratory in the late 1950s, aimed at verifying its ergogenic potential. The main outcomes of aspartate supplementation are attenuation of exercise-induced hyperammonaemia and increase of exercise endurance. In ...
Kubota M - - 2008
Stimulation of AMPK and decreased glycogen levels in skeletal muscle have a deep involvement in enhanced insulin action and GLUT-4 protein content after exercise training. The present study examined the chronic effects of a continuous low-carbohydrate diet after long-term exercise on GLUT-4 protein content, glycogen content, AMPK, and insulin signaling ...
Ivy J L - - 2008
The enzymes Akt, mTOR, p70(S6K), rpS6, GSK3, and glycogen synthase interact in the control of protein and/or glycogen synthesis in skeletal muscle, and each has been found to respond to exercise and nutrient supplementation. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that nutrient supplementation post exercise, in the form ...
Murian Alexandre - - 2008
The present study investigated the influence of a bilateral exhaustive exercise on the stability of bimanual anti-phase coordination pattern and attentional demands. Eight subjects performed the anti-phase coordination pattern in two sessions: an Exhausting Session and a Control Session. During the Exhausting Session, subjects performed the bimanual coordination after exhaustion ...
Parisi A - - 2007
AIM: Oxaloacetic acid represents a fundamental intermediary in the metabolism of energy substrate. Asparagine and aspartate constitute precursor compounds of this substance. Therefore, they could affect tricarbossilic acids cycle. Besides, it was suggested that supplementation with aspartate and asparagine determines a muscular glycogen sparing during strenuous physical exercise, even if ...
Duhamel T A - - 2007
This study investigated the effects of prolonged exercise, with and without glucose supplementation, on metabolism and sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca(2+)-handling properties in working vastus lateralis muscle. Fifteen untrained volunteers [peak O(2) consumption (Vo(2peak)) = 3.45 +/- 0.17 l/min; mean +/- SE] cycled at approximately 60% Vo(2peak) on two occasions, during ...
Lorenzoni Paulo José - - 2007
The rosuvastatin inducing rhabdomyolysis in McArdle disease (MD) has not been reported to date. A 35-years-old man had exercise intolerance, muscular fatigue and cramps during physical activity since infancy. He presented severe rhabdomyolysis episode with seizure and coma after use of rosuvastatin. The investigation showed increased serum creatine-kinase levels and ...
Slivka D - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of adding fenugreek extract (FG) to post-exercise carbohydrate feeding on glycogen resynthesis and subsequent exercise performance in normoglycemic male endurance athletes. A muscle biopsy sample was obtained from the vastus lateralis from subjects prior to exercise for 5 h at ...
Borges-Silva Cristina das Neves - - 2007
The current study emphasizes the crucial role of the pineal gland on the effects of chronic training in different tissues focusing on carbohydrate metabolism. We investigated the maximal oxygen uptake (aerobic power), muscle and liver glycogen content, and also the enzymes involved in the carbohydrate metabolism of rat adipose tissue. ...
Saitoh, Shinichi
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Tsukuba, (B), no. 929, 1993.11.30
Pratt Shannon E - - 2007
The time course of insulin sensitivity, skeletal muscle glycogen and GLUT4 content, and glycogen synthase (GS) activity after a single bout of intense exercise was examined in eight horses. On separate days, a euglycemic-hyperinsulinemic clamp (EHC) was undertaken at 0.5, 4, or 24 h after exercise or after 48 h ...
Green H J - - 2007
The alterations in muscle metabolism were investigated in response to repeated sessions of heavy intermittent exercise performed over 16 h. Tissue samples were extracted from the vastus lateralis muscle before (B) and after (A) 6 min of cycling at approximately 91% peak aerobic power at repetitions one (R1), two (R2), ...
Helge J W - - 2007
AIM: Regular endurance exercise stimulates muscle metabolic capacity, but effects of very prolonged endurance exercise are largely unknown. This study examined muscle substrate availability and utilization during prolonged endurance exercise, and associated metabolic genes. METHODS: Data were obtained from 11 competitors of a 4- to 5-day, almost continuous ultraendurance race ...
McLay Rebecca T - - 2007
This study compared 3 d of carbohydrate loading (CHOL; 8.4 g x kg(-1) x d(-1) carbohydrate) in female eumenorrheic athletes with 3 d of an isoenergetic normal diet (NORM; 5.2 g x kg(-1) x d(-1) carbohydrate) and examined the effect of menstrual-cycle phase on performance, muscle-glycogen concentration [glyc], and substrate ...
Stellingwerff Trent - - 2007
Intramyocellular triacylglycerol (IMTG) has been suggested to represent an important substrate source during exercise. In the present study, IMTG utilization during exercise is assessed through the use of various methodologies. In addition, we identified differences in the use of intramyocellular lipids deposited in the immediate subsarcolemmal (SS) area and those ...
Davie, Allan James.
Item scanned for the purposes of Document Delivery
Tee Jason C - - 2007
Exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD) is commonly experienced following either a bout of unaccustomed physical activity or following physical activity of greater than normal duration or intensity. The mechanistic factor responsible for the initiation of EIMD is not known; however, it is hypothesised to be either mechanical or metabolic in nature. ...
Bowtell Joanna L - - 2007
The tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle is the major final common pathway for oxidation of carbohydrates, lipids and some amino acids, which produces reducing equivalents in the form of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide and flavin adenine dinucleotide that result in production of large amounts of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) via oxidative phosphorylation. Although ...
Gillum Trevor L - - 2006
PURPOSE: To describe the degrees of muscle-glycogen depletion and resynthesis in response to a half Ironman triathlon. METHODS: One male subject (38 years of age) completed the Grand Columbian half Ironman triathlon (1.9-km swim, 90-km bike, 21.1-km run, Coulee City, Wash). Three muscle biopsies were obtained from his right vastus ...
Volek Jeff S - - 2006
PURPOSE: Chromium enhances insulin signaling and insulin-mediated glucose uptake in cultured cells. We investigated the effect of chromium on glycogen synthesis and insulin signaling in humans. METHODS: Sixteen overweight men (BMI = 31.1 +/- 3.0 kg.m) were randomly assigned to supplement with 600 microg.d chromium as picolinate (Cr; N = ...
Brickley G - - 2007
Few studies have focused on the metabolic responses to alternating high- and low-intensity exercise and, specifically, compared these responses to those seen during constant-load exercise performed at the same average power output. This study compared muscle metabolic responses between two patterns of exercise during which the intensity was either constant ...
Wilkinson Sarah B - - 2006
We examined the effect of a post-exercise oral carbohydrate (CHO, 1 g.kg(-1).h(-1)) and essential amino acid (EAA, 9.25 g) solution containing glutamine (0.3 g/kg BW; GLN trial) versus an isoenergetic CHO-EAA solution without glutamine (control, CON trial) on muscle glycogen resynthesis and whole-body protein turnover following 90 min of cycling ...
De Bock K - - 2007
The effect of carbohydrate intake before and during exercise on muscle glycogen content was investigated. According to a randomized crossover study design, eight young healthy volunteers (n = 8) participated in two experimental sessions with an interval of 3 wk. In each session subjects performed 2 h of constant-load bicycle ...
Reardon T F - - 2006
The benefits of dietary creatine supplementation on muscle performance are generally related to an increase in muscle phosphocreatine content. However, creatine supplementation may benefit endurance sports through increased glycogen re-synthesis following exercise. This study investigated the effect of creatine supplementation on muscle glycogen content, submaximal exercise fuel utilisation and endurance ...
Bröjer J - - 2006
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: The degradation of glycogen and its two forms, proglycogen (PG) and macroglycogen (MG) has been studied in horses performing different types of exercise, but no information is available about the resynthesis of PG and MG after exercise. OBJECTIVES: To determine the resynthesis of PG and MG ...
Geor R J - - 2006
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: No studies in horses have examined the effect of route of carbohydrate (glucose) administration on the rate of muscle glycogen storage following glycogen-depleting exercise. HYPOTHESIS: Glucose delivery from the gastrointestinal tract limits the rate of muscle glycogen storage following glycogen-depleting exercise. METHODS: In a crossover design, ...
McCutcheon L J - - 2006
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Exercise is an important stimulus for the regulation of numerous metabolic functions in muscle, but there has been little investigation of the mechanism of exercise-enhanced glucose utilisation. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of exercise on the signalling components Akt and glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK3) involved in ...
Lacombe V A - - 2006
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Exercise depletes muscle glycogen stores, which could subsequently impair performance. Muscle glycogen replenishment is determined by substrate availability. OBJECTIVES: To study the effects of feeding meals of varying glycaemic responses on blood concentrations of substrates used for glycogenesis in horses with exercise-induced glycogen depletion. METHODS: In ...
Siegel Arthur J - - 2006
Exercise-associated hyponatremia (EAH) has emerged in recent years as a life-threatening complication of endurance sports that may lead to fatal cerebral and pulmonary edema. Defined as a serum sodium concentration <135 mEq/L (1 mEq/L = 1 mmol/L), symptomatic EAH is a dilutional hyponatremia with abnormal fluid retention mediated by decreased ...
Bangsbo Jens - - 2006
It was proposed that a contraction-induced increase in tricarboxylic acid cycle intermediates (TCAI) is obligatory for the increase in muscle oxygen uptake at the start of exercise. To test this hypothesis, we measured changes in muscle TCAI during the initial seconds of intense exercise and used dichloroacetate (DCA) in an ...
Devries Michaela C - - 2006
Numerous studies from our and other laboratories have shown that women have a lower respiratory exchange ratio (RER) during exercise than equally trained men, indicating a greater reliance on fat oxidation. Differences in estrogen concentration between men and women likely play a role in this sex difference. Differing estrogen and ...
Sabapathy S - - 2006
This study examined the relationship between minute ventilation (VE), CO2 production (VCO2), and blood lactate concentration ([La-]) during incremental exercise performed with reduced muscle glycogen stores. Nine untrained female subjects (25.3+/-4.2 year) performed incremental cycling in a normal glycogen (NG) state and under conditions of reduced muscle glycogen (RG) content. ...
Jose-Cunilleras Eduard - - 2006
Fatiguing exercise substantially decreases muscle glycogen concentration in horses, impairing athletic performance in subsequent exercise bouts. Our objective was to determine the effect of ingestion of starch-rich meals after exercise on whole body glucose kinetics and muscle glycogen replenishment. In a randomized, cross-over study seven horses with exercise-induced muscle glycogen ...
Ferrara Cynthia M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Aging is associated with insulin resistance, primarily as a result of physical inactivity and increased abdominal obesity. We hypothesized that aerobic (AEX) or resistive (RT) exercise training would result in comparable improvements in glucose disposal in older men, but that there would be different metabolic adaptations in skeletal muscle. ...
de Souza Silvia Cristina R - - 2006
The early larvae of P. paradoxus grow large but metamorphose into relatively small frogs, the diminished post-metamorphic growth producing a marked contrast between maximum larval size and adult. Thus, O(2) uptake does not appear to limit the energy expenditure on growth processes, and unlike in other anuran larvae, may not ...
Hays Nicholas P - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated that aerobic exercise training and weight loss have independent effects on insulin-stimulated glucose disposal (ISGD). We hypothesized that ad libitum consumption of a high-carbohydrate diet would result in weight loss and improved ISGD, and that aerobic exercise training would facilitate greater improvements in ISGD compared ...
Horton Tracy J - - 2006
The systemic flux of glycerol and palmitate [a representative nonesterified free fatty acid (NEFA)] was assessed in three different phases of the menstrual cycle at rest and during moderate-intensity exercise. It was hypothesized that circulating glycerol and NEFA turnover would be greatest in the midfollicular (MF) phase of the menstrual ...
Rogero Marcelo Macedo - - 2006
We investigated the effect of supplementation with L-glutamine and L-alanyl-L-glutamine (DIP) on the plasma and tissue glutamine concentrations of exercise-trained rats immediately and 3 hours after a single exercise session until exhaustion. Thirty-six male rats were divided into six groups, and then subdivided into groups submitted only to the exhaustion ...
Burgomaster Kirsten A - - 2006
Our laboratory recently showed that six sessions of sprint interval training (SIT) over 2 wk increased muscle oxidative potential and cycle endurance capacity (Burgomaster KA, Hughes SC, Heigenhauser GJF, Bradwell SN, and Gibala MJ. J Appl Physiol 98: 1895-1900, 2005). The present study tested the hypothesis that short-term SIT would ...
Medbø J I - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Muscles break down glycogen to lactate during intense exercise, and in the recovery period, glycogen reappears while lactate disappears. The purpose of this study was to examine to what extent lactate is resynthesized to glycogen within the formerly active muscles themselves in man. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifteen healthy young ...
Koopman René - - 2006
Resistance exercise has recently been shown to improve whole-body insulin sensitivity in healthy males. Whether this is accompanied by an exercise-induced decline in skeletal muscle glycogen and/or lipid content remains to be established. In the present study, we determined fibre-type-specific changes in skeletal muscle substrate content following a single resistance ...
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