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Results 101 - 150 of 822
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Sasaki Nobuyuki - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Study Design. Descriptive experimental study.Objective. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of exercise on cell proliferation in different areas of the IVD and recruitment of cells possibly active in regeneration of normal rat lumbar IVDs.Summary of Background Data. Little is known about the effects of ...
Gwacham Nnamdi - - 2012
Consumption of energy drinks is common among athletes; however, there is a lack of research on the efficacy of these beverages for short-duration, intense exercise. The purpose of this research was to investigate the acute effects of a low-calorie, caffeine-taurine, energy drink (AdvoCare Spark®) on repeated sprint performance and anaerobic ...
Siegler Jason - - 2012
As most sport drinks contain some form of non-nutritive sweetener (e.g. aspartame), and with the variation in blood glucose regulation and insulin secretion reportedly associated with aspartame, a further understanding of the effects on insulin and blood glucose regulation during exercise is warranted. Therefore, the aim of this preliminary study ...
Xu Jun - - 2012
Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) has been increasingly acknowledged as a valid and appropriate indicator of public health and chronic morbidity. However, limited research was conducted among Chinese civil servants owing to the different lifestyle. The aim of the study was to evaluate the HRQoL among Chinese civil servants and ...
Del Coso Juan - - 2012
To investigate the effects of a caffeine-containing energy drink on soccer performance during a simulated game. A second purpose was to assess the post-exercise urine caffeine concentration derived from the energy drink intake. Nineteen semiprofessional soccer players ingested 630 ± 52 mL of a commercially available energy drink (sugar-free Red ...
James Lewis J - - 2012
Many active people finish exercise hypohydrated, so effective rehydration after exercise is an important consideration. To determine the effects of a rehydration solution containing whey protein isolate on fluid balance after exercise-induced dehydration. Randomized controlled clinical trial. University research laboratory. Twelve healthy men (age = 21 ± 1 years, height ...
Blackmore Daniel G - - 2012
Here we demonstrate, both in vivo and in vitro, that growth hormone (GH) mediates precursor cell activation in the subventricular zone (SVZ) of the aged (12-month-old) brain following exercise, and that GH signaling stimulates precursor activation to a similar extent to exercise. Our results reveal that both addition of GH ...
Friedenreich Christine M - - 2011
Physical activity is a known modifiable lifestyle means for reducing postmenopausal breast cancer risk, but the biologic mechanisms are not well understood. Metabolic factors may be involved. In this study, we aimed to determine the effects of exercise on insulin resistance (IR) indicators, IGF1, and adipokines in postmenopausal women. The ...
Schmitz Kathryn H - - 2011
Relating to the report of Irwin and colleagues in this issue of the journal (beginning on page 522), this perspective discusses exercise training interventions as secondary prevention in breast cancer survivors. Burgeoning observational evidence indicates that prescribing aerobic exercise of 3 hours or more per week could have meaningful mortality ...
Hayes Sandra - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Exercise for Health was a pragmatic, randomised, controlled trial comparing the effect of an eight-month exercise interventionon function, treatment-related side effects and quality of life following breast cancer, compared with usual care. The intervention commenced six weeks post-surgery, and two modes of delivering the same intervention was compared with ...
Gómez A M - - 2011
The purpose of this randomized controlled trial was to determine the effects of an 8-week (aerobic+strength) exercise training program (3 sessions/week) on the circulating cytokine levels of breast cancer survivors. We randomly allocated 16 female survivors of breast cancer (mean±SD age: 50±5 years) to an intervention or usual care (control) ...
Kim Soo Hyun - - 2011
Purpose/Objectives: To investigate the feasibility and preliminary effects of a simultaneous stage-matched exercise and diet (SSED) intervention in breast cancer survivors.Design: Randomized, controlled trial.Setting: Oncology outpatient treatment clinics at the National Cancer Center in South Korea.Sample: 45 women with breast cancer who completed their cancer therapy.Methods: Participants were assigned to ...
Stoutenberg Mark - - 2011
Recent evidence demonstrates that exercise training can provide numerous physical and psychosocial benefits for breast cancer (BCa) survivors. However, educational training programs designed to disseminate exercise training information to survivors are scarce. The From Surviving to Thriving (FST) Colloquium was a one-and-a-half-day event that featured presentations on wellness topics from ...
LaStayo Paul C - - 2011
Resistance exercise programs with high compliance are needed to counter impaired muscle and mobility in older cancer survivors. To date outcomes have focused on older prostate cancer survivors, though more heterogeneous groups of older survivors are in-need. The purpose of this exploratory pilot study is to examine whether resistance exercise ...
Alleman Rick J RJ - - 2011
Several isolated ingredients have been proposed to increase growth hormone (GH) release, including Chlorophytum borivilianum and Velvet bean. A combination of these two ingredients has been packaged within an investigational dietary supplement. It was the purpose of the present investigation to determine the impact of acute ingestion of this supplement ...
Yamaguchi Takashi T Center of Diabetes, Endocrine and Metabolism, Toho University Sakura Medical Center, 564-1 Shimoshizu, Sakura City, Chiba 285-8741, - - 2011
The mechanism by which exercise reduces visceral fat is not fully understood. We have reported that increase in serum growth hormone (GH) level by mild exercise is associated with increase in lipolysis in type 2 diabetes (T2D), and that GH stimulates lipolysis in rat visceral adipose tissue. The aim of ...
Pastakia Khushnum - - 2010
Aim. Previous systematic reviews have examined the efficacy of exercise in improving the quality of life for patients with, and survivors of, breast cancer. This review sets out to determine the parameters of exercise programmes used in randomized controlled trials. Methods. A systematic review of randomized controlled trials was conducted. Only trials ...
Tosti Karen P - - 2010
The aim of this study was to compare select aspects of exercise energy metabolism in patients with breast cancer with that of healthy controls across a variety of exercise intensities. Posttreated patients with breast cancer were matched with healthy women based on age, physical fitness level, and menopausal status. Subjects ...
Kim Do Sung do - - 2010
To investigate the differences between the effects of complex decongestive physiotherapy with and without active resistive exercise for the treatment of patients with breast cancer-related lymphedema (BCRL). Randomized control-group study. An outpatient rehabilitation clinic. Patients (N=40) with diagnosed BCRL. Patients were randomly assigned to either the active resistive exercise group ...
Eyigor S - - 2010
There are very few randomized controlled studies on exercise in cancer patients. Consequently, there are no guidelines available with regard to the exercises that can be recommended and difficulties are encountered in the clinical practice as to which exercise is more suitable to the patients. The purpose of this study ...
Chamberland Valérie - - 2010
This article describes a novel approach to study the metabolic regulation of the respiratory system in vertebrates that suits physiology lessons for undergraduate students. It consists of an experimental demonstration of the goldfish's (Carassius auratus) adaptations to anoxia. The goldfish is one of the few vertebrates showing strong enzymatic plasticity ...
Garvican Laura A - - 2010
We sought to determine whether improved cycling performance following 'Live High-Train Low' (LHTL) occurs if increases in haemoglobin mass (Hb(mass)) are prevented via periodic phlebotomy during hypoxic exposure. Eleven, highly trained, female cyclists completed 26 nights of simulated LHTL (16 h day(-1), 3000 m). Hb(mass) was determined in quadruplicate before LHTL and in ...
Ghanbari-Niaki A - - 2011
No studies have examined the time-course changes of the appetite stimulating hormone, agouti-related peptide (AgRP), induced by exercise training. The purpose of the study was to determine the effects of short (3 weeks), moderate (9 weeks), and long-term (12 weeks) treadmill training on plasma and soleus concentrations of AgRP, as ...
Baranowski M - - 2011
Aim:  Liver X receptors (LXRs) are ligand-activated transcription factors that play an important role in regulation of hepatic lipid and carbohydrate metabolism. However, to date there is very few information on the role of LXRs in skeletal muscle. Moreover, it remains obscure whether LXR activation affects physical endurance. Therefore, we ...
Morifuji Masashi - - 2011
Depletion of glycogen stores is associated with fatigue during both sprint and endurance exercises and therefore it is considered important to maintain adequate tissue stores of glycogen during exercise. The aims of the present study in rats were therefore to investigate the effects of preexercise supplementation with carbohydrate and whey ...
van der Graaf Marinette - - 2011
In obesity, insulin-stimulated glucose uptake in skeletal muscle is decreased. We investigated whether the stimulatory effect of acute exercise on glucose uptake and subsequent glycogen synthesis was normal. The study was performed on 18 healthy volunteers, 9 obese (BMI = 32.6 ± 1.2 kg/m(2), mean ± SEM) and 9 lean ...
Kaya Oktay - - 2010
The aim of the present study is to examine how melatonin supplementation affects plasma glucose and liver glycogen levels in rats subjected to acute swimming exercise. Sprague-Dawley species thirty adult male rats were allocated to 3 groups with equal number of animals: general control group which was not subjected to ...
Naperalsky M - - 2010
This study investigated the effects of hot (H) and room temperature (RT) recovery environments on glycogen resynthesis. Nine male participants completed two trials, cycling for 1 h in a temperature-controlled chamber (32.6 degrees C), followed by 4 h of recovery at 32.6 degrees C (H) or 22.2 degrees C (RT). ...
Kaltsatou Antonia - - 2011
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the influence of a mixed exercise program, including Greek traditional dances and upper body training, in physical function, strength and psychological condition of breast cancer survivors. Twenty-seven women (N = 27), who had been diagnosed and surgically treated for breast cancer, volunteered to ...
Stephens F B - - 2010
The role of pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDC) in insulin-stimulated glycogen replenishment the day after exercise, and its molecular control, has not been examined. This study investigated the effect of acute exercise on basal and insulin-stimulated PDC activity (the rate-limiting step in glucose oxidation), glycogen synthesis and the expression of metabolic ...
Waller A P - - 2010
Carbohydrate (CHO) stored in the form of skeletal muscle glycogen is the main energy source for glycolytic and oxidative ATP production during vigorous exercise in mammals. In man, horse and dog both short-term high intensity and prolonged submaximal exercise deplete muscle glycogen. In horses, however, muscle glycogen synthesis is 2-3-fold ...
Rahnama Nader - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of exercise training on maximum aerobic capacity, resting heart rate (RHR), blood pressure and anthropometric variables of postmenopausal women with breast cancer. Twenty nine women with breast cancer who received surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy with current hormone therapy were divided ...
Izumi Rumiko - - 2010
McArdle disease is a glycogenetic myopathy caused by a deficit of myophosphorylase inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern. Here, we report a case of McArdle disease in which fatigability was the only subjective complaint. Objective neurological findings were normal except for very mild muscle weakness in limbs and an elevated ...
Roschel Hamilton - - 2010
The effects of creatine (CR) supplementation on glycogen content are still debatable. Thus, due to the current lack of clarity, we investigated the effects of CR supplementation on muscle glycogen content after high intensity intermittent exercise in rats. First, the animals were submitted to a high intensity intermittent maximal swimming ...
Donatto Felipe F - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of oat bran supplementation on time to exhaustion, glycogen stores and cytokines in rats submitted to training. The animals were divided into 3 groups: sedentary control group (C), an exercise group that received a control chow (EX) and an exercise ...
Fink Brian N - - 2010
The favorable prognosis for early stage breast cancer survivors may be a reason for the minimal research regarding their quality of life. Prior research has observed more long-term weight gain among early stage survivors compared to cancer-free women of a similar age. It would be useful to study survivors' perceptions ...
Guerreiro Godoy Maria de Fátima Mde - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate the reduction in volume of arm lymphedema secondary to breast cancer therapy utilizing an exercise facilitating device. Twenty-one women with arm lymphedema resulting from the surgical and radiotherapeutic treatment of breast cancer were randomly selected. Evaluation was made by water-displacement volumetry before ...
Wu Bo-Han BH Department of Sports & Recreation Management, Chang Jung Christian University , Tainan, - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of caffeine consume on substrate metabolism and acute hormonal responses to a single bout of resistance exercise (RE). Ten resistance-trained men participated in this study. All subjects performed one repetition maximum (1RM) test and then performed two protocols: caffeine (CAF, ...
Granlund Anna - - 2010
The dominant RN mutation in pigs results in excessive glycogen storage in skeletal muscle. The mutation is situated in the PRKAG3 gene, which encodes a muscle-specific isoform of the AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) gamma3 subunit. AMPK is an important regulator of carbohydrate and fat metabolism in mammalian cells. The aim ...
Barel Matheus - - 2010
This study investigated whether exercise training could prevent the negative side effects of dexamethasone. Rats underwent a training period and were either submitted to a running protocol (60% physical capacity, 5 days/week for 8 weeks) or kept sedentary. After this training period, the animals underwent dexamethasone treatment (1 mg/kg per ...
Kiilerich Kristian - - 2010
To test the hypothesis that free fatty acid (FFA) and muscle glycogen modify exercise-induced regulation of PDH (pyruvate dehydrogenase) in human skeletal muscle through regulation of PDK4 expression. On two occasions, healthy male subjects lowered (by exercise) muscle glycogen in one leg (LOW) relative to the contra-lateral leg (CON) the ...
Iaia F M - - 2010
The present study examined how metabolic response and work capacity are affected by previous exhaustive exercise. Seven subjects performed an exhaustive cycle exercise ( approximately 130%-max; EX2) after warm-up (CON) and 2 min after an exhaustive bout at a very high (VH; approximately 30 s), high (HI; approximately 3 min) ...
Cook D G - - 2009
Two different harvest procedures were employed to investigate whether the method of harvest has an effect upon deteriorative processes that occur during the frozen storage of Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) white muscle tissue. These 2 harvest methods, termed "rested"--involving sedation with the aquatic anesthetic AQUI-S and "exercised"--a simulated conventional harvest ...
Barnes Phillip D - - 2009
Muscle glycogen exists as acid-insoluble (AIG) and acid-soluble (ASG) forms, with AIG levels reported in most recent studies in humans to be the most responsive to exercise and refeeding. Because the muscle samples in these studies were not homogenized to extract glycogen, such homogenization-free protocols might have resulted in a ...
Morifuji Masashi - - 2010
Recent studies showed that a combination of carbohydrate and protein was more effective than carbohydrate alone for replenishing muscle glycogen after exercise. However, it remains to be unclear whether the source or degree of hydrolysis of dietary protein influences post-exercise glycogen accumulation. The aim of this study was to compare ...
Reinert A - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a recovery beverage immediately after exercise on rates of muscle glycogen resynthesis in response to road cycling when nutritional supplementation was supplied during exercise and a solid meal was served two hours after exercise. Eight trained male cyclists, (25+/-4 ...
Prats Clara - - 2009
Glycogen synthase (GS) is considered the rate-limiting enzyme in glycogenesis but still today there is a lack of understanding on its regulation. We have previously shown phosphorylation-dependent GS intracellular redistribution at the start of glycogen re-synthesis in rabbit skeletal muscle (Prats, C., Cadefau, J. A., Cussó, R., Qvortrup, K., Nielsen, ...
Stevenson E J - - 2009
The glycemic index (GI) of dietary carbohydrates influences glycogen storage in skeletal muscle and circulating nonesterified fatty acid (NEFA) concentrations. We hypothesized that diets differing only in GI would alter intramuscular lipid oxidation and glycogen usage in skeletal muscle and liver during subsequent exercise. Endurance-trained individuals (n = 9) cycled ...
Hazlett, David Lorne
It is common knowledge that diet and endurance training both have a major impact on body glycogen stores and carbohydrate metabolism. Usual nutritional recommendations for athletes participating in endurance activities are to consume at least 8 grams of carbohydrate per kilogram body weight. This level of carbohydrate intake has been ...
Waller Amanda P - - 2009
We hypothesized that postexercise rehydration using a hypotonic electrolyte solution will increase the rate of recovery of whole body hydration, and that this is associated with increased muscle glycogen and electrolyte recovery in horses. Gluteus medius biopsies and jugular venous blood were sampled from six exercise-conditioned Standardbreds on two separate ...
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