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Donatto Felipe F - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of oat bran supplementation on time to exhaustion, glycogen stores and cytokines in rats submitted to training. The animals were divided into 3 groups: sedentary control group (C), an exercise group that received a control chow (EX) and an exercise ...
Fink Brian N - - 2010
The favorable prognosis for early stage breast cancer survivors may be a reason for the minimal research regarding their quality of life. Prior research has observed more long-term weight gain among early stage survivors compared to cancer-free women of a similar age. It would be useful to study survivors' perceptions ...
Guerreiro Godoy Maria de Fátima Mde - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate the reduction in volume of arm lymphedema secondary to breast cancer therapy utilizing an exercise facilitating device. Twenty-one women with arm lymphedema resulting from the surgical and radiotherapeutic treatment of breast cancer were randomly selected. Evaluation was made by water-displacement volumetry before ...
Wu Bo-Han BH Department of Sports & Recreation Management, Chang Jung Christian University , Tainan, - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of caffeine consume on substrate metabolism and acute hormonal responses to a single bout of resistance exercise (RE). Ten resistance-trained men participated in this study. All subjects performed one repetition maximum (1RM) test and then performed two protocols: caffeine (CAF, ...
Granlund Anna - - 2010
The dominant RN mutation in pigs results in excessive glycogen storage in skeletal muscle. The mutation is situated in the PRKAG3 gene, which encodes a muscle-specific isoform of the AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) gamma3 subunit. AMPK is an important regulator of carbohydrate and fat metabolism in mammalian cells. The aim ...
Barel Matheus - - 2010
This study investigated whether exercise training could prevent the negative side effects of dexamethasone. Rats underwent a training period and were either submitted to a running protocol (60% physical capacity, 5 days/week for 8 weeks) or kept sedentary. After this training period, the animals underwent dexamethasone treatment (1 mg/kg per ...
Kiilerich Kristian - - 2010
To test the hypothesis that free fatty acid (FFA) and muscle glycogen modify exercise-induced regulation of PDH (pyruvate dehydrogenase) in human skeletal muscle through regulation of PDK4 expression. On two occasions, healthy male subjects lowered (by exercise) muscle glycogen in one leg (LOW) relative to the contra-lateral leg (CON) the ...
Iaia F M - - 2010
The present study examined how metabolic response and work capacity are affected by previous exhaustive exercise. Seven subjects performed an exhaustive cycle exercise ( approximately 130%-max; EX2) after warm-up (CON) and 2 min after an exhaustive bout at a very high (VH; approximately 30 s), high (HI; approximately 3 min) ...
Cook D G - - 2009
Two different harvest procedures were employed to investigate whether the method of harvest has an effect upon deteriorative processes that occur during the frozen storage of Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) white muscle tissue. These 2 harvest methods, termed "rested"--involving sedation with the aquatic anesthetic AQUI-S and "exercised"--a simulated conventional harvest ...
Barnes Phillip D - - 2009
Muscle glycogen exists as acid-insoluble (AIG) and acid-soluble (ASG) forms, with AIG levels reported in most recent studies in humans to be the most responsive to exercise and refeeding. Because the muscle samples in these studies were not homogenized to extract glycogen, such homogenization-free protocols might have resulted in a ...
Morifuji Masashi - - 2010
Recent studies showed that a combination of carbohydrate and protein was more effective than carbohydrate alone for replenishing muscle glycogen after exercise. However, it remains to be unclear whether the source or degree of hydrolysis of dietary protein influences post-exercise glycogen accumulation. The aim of this study was to compare ...
Reinert A - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a recovery beverage immediately after exercise on rates of muscle glycogen resynthesis in response to road cycling when nutritional supplementation was supplied during exercise and a solid meal was served two hours after exercise. Eight trained male cyclists, (25+/-4 ...
Prats Clara - - 2009
Glycogen synthase (GS) is considered the rate-limiting enzyme in glycogenesis but still today there is a lack of understanding on its regulation. We have previously shown phosphorylation-dependent GS intracellular redistribution at the start of glycogen re-synthesis in rabbit skeletal muscle (Prats, C., Cadefau, J. A., Cussó, R., Qvortrup, K., Nielsen, ...
Stevenson E J - - 2009
The glycemic index (GI) of dietary carbohydrates influences glycogen storage in skeletal muscle and circulating nonesterified fatty acid (NEFA) concentrations. We hypothesized that diets differing only in GI would alter intramuscular lipid oxidation and glycogen usage in skeletal muscle and liver during subsequent exercise. Endurance-trained individuals (n = 9) cycled ...
Hazlett, David Lorne
It is common knowledge that diet and endurance training both have a major impact on body glycogen stores and carbohydrate metabolism. Usual nutritional recommendations for athletes participating in endurance activities are to consume at least 8 grams of carbohydrate per kilogram body weight. This level of carbohydrate intake has been ...
Waller Amanda P - - 2009
We hypothesized that postexercise rehydration using a hypotonic electrolyte solution will increase the rate of recovery of whole body hydration, and that this is associated with increased muscle glycogen and electrolyte recovery in horses. Gluteus medius biopsies and jugular venous blood were sampled from six exercise-conditioned Standardbreds on two separate ...
Giesel Vivian Treichel - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the association between glucose infusion during intermittent physical exercise and its metabolic effects on rats. DESIGN: Forty male rats were divided into eight groups based on training (intermittent), exercise and carbohydrate intake (glucose 20%): TEC (trained exercised with carbohydrate), TES (trained ...
Lucia Alejandro - - 2008
McArdle disease (also known as glycogen storage disease type V) is a pure myopathy caused by an inherited deficit of myophosphorylase, the skeletal muscle isoform of the enzyme glycogen phosphorylase. The disease exhibits clinical heterogeneity, but patients typically experience exercise intolerance, that is, reversible, acute crises (early fatigue and contractures, ...
Wallis Gareth A - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of using combined glucose and fructose (GF) ingestion as a means to stimulate short-term (4 h) postexercise muscle glycogen synthesis compared to glucose only (G). METHODS: On two separate occasions, six endurance-trained men performed an exhaustive glycogen-depleting exercise bout followed by a 4-h recovery period. ...
Grattan S R - - 2008
Reuse of drainage water (DW) for irrigation reduces the volume of DW requiring treatment or disposal. We conducted a greenhouse study to evaluate the performance of the halophyte Salicornia bigelovii Torr. when irrigated with hyper-saline DW and seawater (SW) treatments, ranging from 1/3 strength to full strength (18-49 dS m(-1)), ...
Devries Michaela C - - 2008
Carbohydrate (CHO) and fat constitute the main fuels used during endurance exercise. The purpose of this thesis was to determine how sex, menstrual cycle phase, estrogen, obesity, and endurance training (ET) influence substrate metabolism. In study 1, men (n = 11) and women (n = 13) underwent primed constant infusion ...
Kitada Koji - - 2008
Our purpose was to evaluate the effects of exercise intensities on free fatty acid (FFA) uptake in skeletal muscles, myocardium and liver among humans using (123)I-labeled 15-(p-iodophenyl)-3-(R,S)-methyl-pentadecanoic acid ((123)I-BMIPP) and single photon emission computed tomography technique (SPECT). Six untrained male subjects were studied after 35 min of ergometer bicycle exercise ...
Mathai Anila S - - 2008
The mRNA of the nuclear coactivator peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma coactivator-1alpha (PGC-1alpha) increases during prolonged exercise and is influenced by carbohydrate availability. It is unknown if the increases in mRNA reflect the PGC-1alpha protein or if glycogen stores are an important regulator. Seven male subjects [23 +/- 1.3 yr old, maximum ...
Galloway Stuart D R - - 2008
This study examined 1) the plasma taurine response to acute oral taurine supplementation (T), and 2) the effects of 7 days of T on muscle amino acid content and substrate metabolism during 2 h of cycling at approximately 60% peak oxygen consumption (VO2peak). In the first part of the study, ...
Mourtzakis M - - 2008
Muscle glutamate is central to reactions producing 2-oxoglutarate, a tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle intermediate that essentially expands the TCA cycle intermediate pool during exercise. Paradoxically, muscle glutamate drops approximately 40-80% with the onset of exercise and 2-oxoglutarate declines in early exercise. To investigate the physiological relationship between glutamate, oxidative metabolism, ...
Choi E-Y - - 2008
This study investigated the effect of vitamin B6 deficiency on the utilization and recuperation of stored fuel in physically trained rats. 48 rats were given either vitamin B6-deficient (B6-) diet or control (B6) diet for 4 weeks and were trained on treadmill for 30 minutes daily. All animals were then ...
Gella A - - 2008
The aetiology of muscle fatigue has yet not been clearly established. Administration of two nucleotides, cytosine monophosphate (CMP) and uridine monophosphate (UMP), has been prescribed for the treatment of neuromuscular affections in humans. Patients treated with CMP/UMP recover from altered neurological functions and experience pain relief, thus the interest to ...
De Bock K - - 2008
Skeletal muscle gene response to exercise depends on nutritional status during and after exercise, but it is unknown whether muscle adaptations to endurance training are affected by nutritional status during training sessions. Therefore, this study investigated the effect of an endurance training program (6 wk, 3 day/wk, 1-2 h, 75% ...
Mendes P - - 2008
The present study provides the first data on inorganic element levels in juvenile, subadult, and adult Atlantic gannets (Morus bassanus). Physiological and potentially toxic elements (As, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Hg, Mn, Pb, Se, and Zn) were assessed by ICP-MS in kidney, liver, muscle, and feathers of 31 gannets, including ...
Harber M P - - 2008
The purpose of this investigation was to examine the influence of an acute bout of resistance exercise (RE) on intramuscular triglyceride (IMTG) and muscle glycogen concentrations and intracellular signaling in women with high body fat content. Six overweight women with a high percent body fat (age 29+/-3 yr; BMI 28+/-3 ...
Trudeau François - - 2008
Aspartate has been regularly listed in exercise physiology textbooks as an ergogenic substance since the first known trial by Professor Henri Laborit's laboratory in the late 1950s, aimed at verifying its ergogenic potential. The main outcomes of aspartate supplementation are attenuation of exercise-induced hyperammonaemia and increase of exercise endurance. In ...
Kubota M - - 2008
Stimulation of AMPK and decreased glycogen levels in skeletal muscle have a deep involvement in enhanced insulin action and GLUT-4 protein content after exercise training. The present study examined the chronic effects of a continuous low-carbohydrate diet after long-term exercise on GLUT-4 protein content, glycogen content, AMPK, and insulin signaling ...
Ivy J L - - 2008
The enzymes Akt, mTOR, p70(S6K), rpS6, GSK3, and glycogen synthase interact in the control of protein and/or glycogen synthesis in skeletal muscle, and each has been found to respond to exercise and nutrient supplementation. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that nutrient supplementation post exercise, in the form ...
Murian Alexandre - - 2008
The present study investigated the influence of a bilateral exhaustive exercise on the stability of bimanual anti-phase coordination pattern and attentional demands. Eight subjects performed the anti-phase coordination pattern in two sessions: an Exhausting Session and a Control Session. During the Exhausting Session, subjects performed the bimanual coordination after exhaustion ...
Parisi A - - 2007
AIM: Oxaloacetic acid represents a fundamental intermediary in the metabolism of energy substrate. Asparagine and aspartate constitute precursor compounds of this substance. Therefore, they could affect tricarbossilic acids cycle. Besides, it was suggested that supplementation with aspartate and asparagine determines a muscular glycogen sparing during strenuous physical exercise, even if ...
Duhamel T A - - 2007
This study investigated the effects of prolonged exercise, with and without glucose supplementation, on metabolism and sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca(2+)-handling properties in working vastus lateralis muscle. Fifteen untrained volunteers [peak O(2) consumption (Vo(2peak)) = 3.45 +/- 0.17 l/min; mean +/- SE] cycled at approximately 60% Vo(2peak) on two occasions, during ...
Lorenzoni Paulo José - - 2007
The rosuvastatin inducing rhabdomyolysis in McArdle disease (MD) has not been reported to date. A 35-years-old man had exercise intolerance, muscular fatigue and cramps during physical activity since infancy. He presented severe rhabdomyolysis episode with seizure and coma after use of rosuvastatin. The investigation showed increased serum creatine-kinase levels and ...
Slivka D - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of adding fenugreek extract (FG) to post-exercise carbohydrate feeding on glycogen resynthesis and subsequent exercise performance in normoglycemic male endurance athletes. A muscle biopsy sample was obtained from the vastus lateralis from subjects prior to exercise for 5 h at ...
Borges-Silva Cristina das Neves - - 2007
The current study emphasizes the crucial role of the pineal gland on the effects of chronic training in different tissues focusing on carbohydrate metabolism. We investigated the maximal oxygen uptake (aerobic power), muscle and liver glycogen content, and also the enzymes involved in the carbohydrate metabolism of rat adipose tissue. ...
Saitoh, Shinichi
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Tsukuba, (B), no. 929, 1993.11.30
Pratt Shannon E - - 2007
The time course of insulin sensitivity, skeletal muscle glycogen and GLUT4 content, and glycogen synthase (GS) activity after a single bout of intense exercise was examined in eight horses. On separate days, a euglycemic-hyperinsulinemic clamp (EHC) was undertaken at 0.5, 4, or 24 h after exercise or after 48 h ...
Green H J - - 2007
The alterations in muscle metabolism were investigated in response to repeated sessions of heavy intermittent exercise performed over 16 h. Tissue samples were extracted from the vastus lateralis muscle before (B) and after (A) 6 min of cycling at approximately 91% peak aerobic power at repetitions one (R1), two (R2), ...
Helge J W - - 2007
AIM: Regular endurance exercise stimulates muscle metabolic capacity, but effects of very prolonged endurance exercise are largely unknown. This study examined muscle substrate availability and utilization during prolonged endurance exercise, and associated metabolic genes. METHODS: Data were obtained from 11 competitors of a 4- to 5-day, almost continuous ultraendurance race ...
McLay Rebecca T - - 2007
This study compared 3 d of carbohydrate loading (CHOL; 8.4 g x kg(-1) x d(-1) carbohydrate) in female eumenorrheic athletes with 3 d of an isoenergetic normal diet (NORM; 5.2 g x kg(-1) x d(-1) carbohydrate) and examined the effect of menstrual-cycle phase on performance, muscle-glycogen concentration [glyc], and substrate ...
Stellingwerff Trent - - 2007
Intramyocellular triacylglycerol (IMTG) has been suggested to represent an important substrate source during exercise. In the present study, IMTG utilization during exercise is assessed through the use of various methodologies. In addition, we identified differences in the use of intramyocellular lipids deposited in the immediate subsarcolemmal (SS) area and those ...
Davie, Allan James.
Item scanned for the purposes of Document Delivery
Tee Jason C - - 2007
Exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD) is commonly experienced following either a bout of unaccustomed physical activity or following physical activity of greater than normal duration or intensity. The mechanistic factor responsible for the initiation of EIMD is not known; however, it is hypothesised to be either mechanical or metabolic in nature. ...
Bowtell Joanna L - - 2007
The tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle is the major final common pathway for oxidation of carbohydrates, lipids and some amino acids, which produces reducing equivalents in the form of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide and flavin adenine dinucleotide that result in production of large amounts of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) via oxidative phosphorylation. Although ...
Gillum Trevor L - - 2006
PURPOSE: To describe the degrees of muscle-glycogen depletion and resynthesis in response to a half Ironman triathlon. METHODS: One male subject (38 years of age) completed the Grand Columbian half Ironman triathlon (1.9-km swim, 90-km bike, 21.1-km run, Coulee City, Wash). Three muscle biopsies were obtained from his right vastus ...
Volek Jeff S - - 2006
PURPOSE: Chromium enhances insulin signaling and insulin-mediated glucose uptake in cultured cells. We investigated the effect of chromium on glycogen synthesis and insulin signaling in humans. METHODS: Sixteen overweight men (BMI = 31.1 +/- 3.0 kg.m) were randomly assigned to supplement with 600 microg.d chromium as picolinate (Cr; N = ...
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