Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1046
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Cordovil Adriana - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Aortic valve replacement with a cryopreserved aortic homograft (CH) is an attractive alternative to bioprosthesis implantation. The aim of the study was to compare the hemodynamic performance of CH implanted with aortic root inclusion compared to prototype stentless (SS) bioprosthesis, standard stented (SD) bioprosthesis, and a native aortic valve. ...
Bajraktari Gani - - 2011
Six minute walking test (6-MWT) may serve as a reproducible test for assessing exercise capacity in heart failure (HF) patients and can be clinically predicted. We aimed in this study to ascertain if global markers of ventricular asynchrony can predict 6MWT distance in a group of patients with HF and ...
Phan Thanh T - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The role of left atrial (LA) function on exercise remains poorly understood in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HfpEF) despite its key role in optimizing left ventricular (LV) diastolic function. We used resting and exercise radionuclide ventriculography to investigate the role of LA function in the pathophysiology of ...
Lelakowski Jacek - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Frequent ventricular ectopic beats (VEB) in patients without significant cardiac disease are usually classified as benign arrhythmia. However, they may alter cardiac performance. RF ablation can effectively eliminate VEB. AIM: To evaluate the effects of RF ablation on selected haemodynamic parameters of left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic function ...
Mayne Jonathan R - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of the self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) on left-ventricular (LV) function at rest and during mild- to moderate-intensity exercise, using 2-dimensional echocardiography. Twenty-three healthy male volunteers exercised on a stair-climber at work rates equivalent to 50%, 60%, 70%, and 80% of ...
Haykowsky Mark J - - 2009
To examine the effect of aerobic training in mitigating trastuzumab-mediated left ventricular (LV) remodeling in women with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive breast cancer. Seventeen women (53 +/- 7 years) with HER2-positive breast cancer did aerobic training during the first 4 months of adjuvant trastuzumab. Peak oxygen consumption ...
Her Ae Young - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Whether echo-Doppler-derived index of ventricular elastance or ventriculoarterial interaction can reliably reflect circulatory efficiency in various conditions was investigated in the present study and whether they can be helpful in predicting exercise capacity in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). METHODS AND RESULTS: The 25 patients with DCM, 25 age- ...
Baggish Aaron L - - 2009
Left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy is a well-established, but highly variable, finding among exercise-trained persons. The causes for the variability in LV remodeling in response to exercise training remain incompletely understood. The present study sought to determine whether a family history of hypertension is a determinant of the cardiac response to ...
Hovland Anders - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIM: There are several studies on myocardial tissue Doppler velocities during dobutamine stress, but few studies on the same parameters during bicycle exercise. We wanted to examine how sample sites affected velocities, beat-to-beat variability and segments eligible for analysis. METHODS: Twenty patients with normal coronary arteries were included ...
Puranik Rajesh R Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children, Great Ormond Street, London WC1N 3JH, - - 2010
To assess autograft, homograft and ventricular function, as well as exercise capacity, in adult patients who have undergone the Ross procedure. Single centre paediatric and adult congenital heart disease unit. Patients 45 subjects (24.6 years, range 16.9-52.2 years) who underwent the Ross procedure between 1994 and 2006 (8.1 years after ...
Lachance Dominic - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Exercise training has beneficial effects in patients with heart failure, although there is still no clear evidence that it may impact on their survival. There are no data regarding the effects of exercise in subjects with chronic left ventricular (LV) volume overload. Using a rat model of severe aortic ...
Lachance Dominic - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Aortic valve regurgitation (AR) imposes a pathologic volume overload to the left ventricle (LV), whereas aerobic exercise causes physiologic volume overloading. The impact of combining both LV volume overloads (pathologic and physiologic) is unknown. Considering the known beneficial effects of aerobic training on the cardiovascular system, we hypothesized that ...
Akcakoyun Mustafa - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Response of systolic and diastolic velocities of mitral annulus to exercise in patients with subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) has not been explored previously. We sought to investigate whether SCH is associated with abnormal left ventricular (LV) longitudinal function reserve to exercise. METHODS: Mitral annular systolic (S') and early diastolic (E') ...
Nottin Stéphane - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have reported evidence of cardiac injury associated with transient left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic dysfunction after prolonged and strenuous exercise. We used 2D ultrasound speckle tracking imaging to evaluate the effect of an ultralong-duration exercise on LV regional strains and torsion. We speculated that systolic dysfunction ...
Guazzi Marco - - 2010
Previous investigations have established the prognostic value of variables obtained from both echocardiography with tissue Doppler Imaging (TDI) and cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX) in patients with heart failure (HF). Past prognostic comparisons of variables obtained from these evaluation techniques have been limited to the comparison of left ventricular ejection fraction ...
Dimitrow Pawel Petkow - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess inducibility of left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) gradient by change of position from supine to upright and by treadmill exercise in treated patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) without obstruction at rest. METHODS: We studied 37 treated HCM patients (21 men and ...
Maréchaux Sylvestre - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) acutely enhances forward stroke volume (FSV) during exercise by reducing the severity of functional mitral regurgitation (MR) in patients with systolic chronic heart failure. Whether CRT increases FSV in patients without functional MR at rest is unknown. Accordingly, the aim of the study was to ...
Awais Mazen - - 2009
Aortic valve replacement is the accepted therapy for patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis (AS). However, the timing of surgery in asymptomatic patients is less well defined, as some -- but not all -- asymptomatic patients are at increased risk. Exercise stress testing is an attractive means to assess risk ...
Wong Raymond Ching-Chiew - - 2010
Left atrial (LA) volume reflects left ventricular (LV) diastolic properties. The latter is an important determinant of exercise capacity in patients with normal LV systolic function. We hypothesized that LA volume predicts exercise capacity in patients with isolated LV diastolic dysfunction. Echocardiography and treadmill exercise testing were performed in 256 ...
Wan Nudri Wan Daud - - 2009
A cross-sectional study was carried out in Kota Bharu on three groups of men with ages ranging from 18 to 44 years. The study groups included 83 athletes representing various types of sports and levels of participation (athlete group), 80 active men who exercised a minimum of 30 minutes per ...
Esch Ben T - - 2009
Left ventricular (LV) rotation is the dominant deformation during relaxation and links systole with early diastolic recoil. LV torsion and untwisting rates during submaximal exercise were compared between heart transplant recipients (HTRs), young adults and healthy older individuals to better understand impaired diastolic function in HTRs. Two dimensional and colour ...
de Waard Monique C - - 2009
It has been reported that exercise after myocardial infarction (MI) attenuates left ventricular (LV) pump dysfunction by normalization of myofilament function. This benefit could be due to an exercise-induced upregulation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) expression and activity. Consequently, we first tested the hypothesis that the effects of exercise ...
Dalsgaard Morten - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The Doppler index of left ventricular (LV) filling (E/e') is recognized as a noninvasive measure for LV filling pressure at rest but has also been suggested as a reliable measure of exercise-induced changes. The aim of this study was to investigate changes in LV filling pressure, measured invasively as ...
Małek Lukasz A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In patients with non-obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and preserved left ventricular (LV) systolic function, diastolic dysfunction is one of the major factors contributing to limited exercise capacity. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging has become a useful tool in diagnosis, risk stratification and treatment monitoring in patients with HCM. AIM: ...
Tamás Eva - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Ejection fraction (EF) reaction upon exercise by radionuclide ventriculography and standard echocardiographic parameters was evaluated as predictors for post-operative left ventricular (LV) function in chronic aortic regurgitation (AR). BACKGROUND: The optimal timing of surgery for chronic AR is when the left ventricle is still compensating for the volume and ...
Bleiziffer Sabine - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Although the long-term clinical outcome after aortic valve replacement (AVR) with the Sorin Mitroflow pericardial bioprosthesis has been well described, few data are available with regards to hemodynamic performance. On the basis of its specialized design, with the pericardium mounted on the outside of ...
Plehn Gunnar - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Exercise-induced abnormalities of the systolic-diastolic phase proportion and their impact on hemodynamic variables have been investigated only minimally in asymptomatic patients with chronic aortic regurgitation (AR). METHODS: A group of 33 asymptomatic patients with severe AR and preserved left ventricular (LV) systolic function was ...
Gavin James R JR - - 2009
This investigation evaluated the role of obesity in health status and behaviors for weight management and exercise among individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) or cardiometabolic risk factors. Self-reported health status, exercise behaviors, and weight management were assessed in the SHIELD study for respondents with T2DM or high risk ...
Bigi Riccardo - - 2009
Secondary or functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) represents an increasing feature of mitral valve disease characterized by abnormal function of anatomically normal leaflets in the context of the impaired function of remodelled left ventricles. The anatomic and pathophysiological basis of FMR are briefly analyzed; in addition, the role of exercise echocardiography ...
Rustad Lene A - - 2009
AIMS: The aim of this feasibility study was to compare systolic and diastolic left ventricular (LV) function during upright bicycle exercise in patients with chronic myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS AND RESULTS: Eighteen patients with first-time MI and no signs of heart failure at rest underwent upright bicycle exercise at 25, ...
Lancellotti Patrizio - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine whether two-dimensional speckle tracking of longitudinal myocardial deformation can detect limited contractile reserve during exercise in patients with asymptomatic degenerative mitral regurgitation (MR). METHODS: Seventy-one patients with degenerative MR and normal left ventricular (LV) ejection fractions underwent quantitative exercise echocardiography. RESULTS: ...
Naylor Louise Haleh - - 2008
PURPOSE: The primary purpose of this study was to determine the effects of resistance exercise training on early diastolic myocardial velocities (E') in an obese pediatric population. METHODS: Twenty-three obese adolescents were selected to participate in either a resistance-based training program (RT; n = 13, 12.2 +/- 0.4 yr, body ...
Goodman Jack M - - 2009
We examined left ventricular (LV) performance before, during, and following prolonged exercise (EX) in 12 healthy middle-aged men [means +/- SE: age = 43.5 +/- 1.9 yr; maximal O(2) uptake (Vo(2max)) = 51.7 +/- 1.5 ml.kg(-1).min(-1)]. Subjects cycled for 120 min at 65% Vo(2max) (75% of maximal heart rate). Two-dimensional ...
Nelson Michael D - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to investigate left-ventricular function during strenuous exercise with the self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA). With the use of two-dimensional echocardiography, images of the left ventricle (LV) were acquired during sustained exercise (3 x 10 min) under two conditions: 1) SCBA, or 2) low resistance breathing ...
Lafitte Stéphane - - 2009
AIMS: As assessed by tissue Doppler velocities, longitudinal contraction is commonly altered at an earlier stage than radial contraction in patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS). However, its relationship to exercise tolerance or to prognosis has not been clearly established. By using two-dimensional (2D) echocardiographic strain, we sought to evaluate ...
Rocchi Guido - - 2009
AIMS: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) improves functional capacity and survival in heart failure. However, one-third of patients fail to respond to CRT. Resting left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony assessed by echocardiography (ECHO) showed discordant results in identifying CRT responders. LV dyssynchrony can totally change during exercise. Aim of this study was ...
Sorajja Paul - - 2008
For patients with heart failure and relatively mild mitral stenosis, an exercise hemodynamic study should be considered. However, exercise intolerance is a common symptom in a variety of cardiac and noncardiac diseases, emphasizing the need for a thorough differential diagnosis in the planning and execution of these studies. This manuscript ...
Parthenakis Frangiskos I - - 2008
Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) has emerged as an established therapy for patients with end-stage heart failure (HF) and symptoms refractory to optimal medication. Resynchronization of the ventricles leads to reduced functional mitral regurgitation (MR) both acutely and chronically and to a better haemodynamic and energetic profile. In addition, large clinical ...
Sakata K - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate left ventricular (LV) function reserve in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) patients with and without cardiac troponin gene mutations before transition to the dilated phase. METHODS: LV ejection fraction (EF) was continuously evaluated in 52 patients with non-obstructive HCM during supine ergometer exercise ...
Bernheim Alain M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Exercise testing is often normal despite the presence of exertional symptoms. We hypothesized that left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony might occur in some patients in the absence of ischemia, LV dysfunction, or wide QRS, and might contribute to exertional symptoms and diminished exercise capacity. METHODS: Echocardiographic parameters were assessed before ...
Ennezat P V - - 2009
Management of asymptomatic patients with severe aortic valve stenosis (AVS) remains a source of debate. Exercise testing is no longer contraindicated and needs now to be considered when evaluating asymptomatic patients with AVS. Several studies have clearly demonstrated that exercise-elicited symptoms during conventional upright exercise portends clinical events. Semi-supine exercise ...
Le Tourneau Thierry - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy submits blood to conditions of high shear stress. High shear stress impairs von Willebrand factor (VWF) and promotes abnormal bleeding in aortic stenosis. We sought to evaluate VWF impairment and its relationships to baseline or exercise obstruction in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). METHODS AND RESULTS: Outflow obstruction ...
Bakhtiary Farhad - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Despite continuous development of anticalcification treatment for biological valve prostheses, calcification remains one major cause of structural failure. The following study investigates hemodynamics and changes in opening and closing kinematics in progressively calcified porcine and pericardial valves in a simulated exercise situation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five pericardial (Edwards Perimount ...
Heinonen Ilkka - - 2008
Previous human studies have shown divergent results concerning the effects of exercise training on myocardial blood flow (MBF) at rest or during adenosine-induced hyperaemia in humans. We studied whether these responses are related to alterations in adenosine A2A receptor (A2AR) density in the left-ventricular (LV) myocardium, size and work output ...
Hori Hidetsugu - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: The durability and potential for creating functional mitral stenoses are major concerns in the edge-to-edge (E-to-E) repair of mitral regurgitation (MR). METHODS: Valve repair for MR was performed using the classical Carpentier technique in 120 patients (group C), and with the E-to-E technique in ...
Ha Jong-Won - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Because the ratio of mitral inflow and annular velocity to stroke volume has been reported as an index of diastolic elastance (Ed), the hypothesis tested in the present study was that Ed during exercise would be more abnormal in female than in male patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS ...
Giallauria Francesco - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Left atrial enlargement is an important predictor of cardiovascular outcomes in patients after acute myocardial infarction. While the favourable effect of exercise exercise-based Cardiac Rehabilitation (CR) on postinfarction LV remodeling has been well documented, those on LA remodeling have yet to be defined. This study investigated the effects of ...
Bougoin Sylvain - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Previous studies in the female sheep have shown that photoperiod modulates the passage of sex steroids between the blood and the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and have suggested the involvement of efflux transport. The objective of the present work was to assess the presence of P-glycoprotein (Pgp), which could be ...
Shave Rob - - 2008
Whether prolonged exercise results in a transient depression in left ventricular (LV) function has been the focus of numerous studies since the 1960s. This review attempts to summarize the findings of this growing body of research. Understanding in this area has followed the advances in imaging techniques and specifically in ...
Baggish Aaron L - - 2008
Although exercise training-induced changes in left ventricular (LV) structure are well characterized, adaptive functional changes are incompletely understood. Detailed echocardiographic assessment of LV systolic function was performed on 20 competitive rowers (10 males and 10 females) before and after endurance exercise training (EET; 90 days, 10.7 +/- 1.1 h/wk). Structural ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >