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Greene N P - - 2012
Our purpose was to elucidate effects of acute exercise and training on blood lipids-lipoproteins, and hsCRP in overweight/obese men (n=10) and women (n=8); age, BMI, body fat percentage, and VO(2)max were (mean±SEM): 45±2.5 yr, 31.9±1.4 kg·m(-2), 41.1±1.5%, and 25.2±1.3 mLO(2)·kg(-1) min(-1). Before exercise training subjects performed an acute exercise session ...
Vincent Heather K - - 2012
Advancing age and adiposity contribute to musculoskeletal degenerative diseases and the development of sarcopenic obesity. The etiology of muscle loss is multifactorial, and includes inflammation, oxidative stress and hormonal changes, and is worsened by activity avoidance due to fear of pain. The risk for mobility disability and functional impairment rises ...
Greening Neil J - - 2012
Body mass index (BMI) is an important prognostic measure in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, its effects on pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) are unknown. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a walking-based PR programme across the BMI range and the impact of BMI on exercise performance and health ...
Kadoglou Nikolaos P E - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of resistance training (RT) on novel cardiovascular risk factors in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We enrolled 52 overweight/obese, type 2 diabetic patients, with inadequate glycemic control (HbA1c > 6.5 %), but without overt diabetic vascular complications. Participants were randomly ...
Keating Shelley E - - 2012
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Exercise is an integral component of lifestyle intervention aimed at weight loss, but an independent benefit of exercise in NAFLD has also been suggested. METHODS: We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of aerobic exercise and/or progressive resistance training for the modulation of liver fat and alanine aminotransferase ...
Brothers Julie - - 2012
PurposeTo evaluate exercise performance and body mass index in healthy children over an 8-year period in order to determine whether cardiorespiratory fitness has decreased relative to changes in body mass index in our patient population.MethodThis study is a retrospective review of anthropometric and cardiorespiratory fitness data from our hospital's Exercise ...
Scott Christopher B - - 2012
We examined the aerobic and anaerobic energy expenditures of weight lifting (bench press); submaximal work was kept constant among protocols. Ten male subjects (age, 23.2 ± 3.1 years; height, 177.3 ± 5.3 cm; weight, 82.1 ± 11.5 kg) were randomly assigned to 3 lifting sessions of 3 sets of 5 repetitions at 70% 1 repetition maximum ...
Lee S-D - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of exercise training on cardiac apoptotic pathways in obesity. METHODS AND RESULTS: Sixteen lean Zucker rats (LZR) and sixteen obese Zucker rats (OZR) of 5-6 months of age as well as the other sixteen obese rats were ...
Clarke N D - - 2012
Abstract This study was designed to investigate the effect of ingesting a glucose plus fructose solution on the metabolic responses to soccer-specific exercise in the heat and the impact on subsequent exercise capacity. Eleven male soccer players performed a 90 min soccer-specific protocol on three occasions. Either 3 ml · kg(-1) body mass of ...
Vinkers Charlotte D W - - 2012
Low body esteem poses a risk for the development of eating disorder symptomatology. Appearance-motivated exercise, as opposed to health-motivated exercise, has been associated with both low body esteem and eating disorder symptomatology. The aim of this study was to investigate the mediating role of appearance-motivated exercise in the link between ...
Noakes Timothy David TD - - 2012
The world's first successful human heart transplantation on 2 December 1967 inspired me to study medicine at the University of Cape Town Faculty of Health Sciences. There I learned 5 key elements for a successful career in either medicine or science or both - perfectionism, passion, compassion, the dispassionate investigation ...
Blair S N - - 2012
Non-communicable chronic diseases (NCDs), such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and cancer, are currently responsible for 65% of all deaths worldwide and are projected to cause over 75% of all deaths by 2030. A substantial accumulation of epidemiological and experimental evidence has established a causal relationship between NCDs and well-known yet ...
Lawton Trent W - - 2012
Abstract The purpose of this study was to compare changes in aerobic condition, strength, and muscular endurance following 8 weeks of endurance rowing alone or in combination with weight-training. Twenty-two elite rowers were assigned to (1) rowing (n = 10, 250-270 km · week(-1)) or (2) rowing (n = 12, 190-210 km · week(-1)) plus four weight-training sessions each week. ...
Hawkins K R - - 2012
Aerobic exercise increases 24-h fat oxidation following initiation of a high-fat diet. The objective of this study is to examine the time course of increased fat oxidation under exercise and sedentary conditions. Eighteen healthy subjects completed a randomized crossover design (sedentary and exercise visits) staying for five consecutive days in ...
Evero Nero N Kinesiology Department, California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, California 93407, - - 2012
Acute exercise suppresses ad libitum energy intake, but little is known about the effects of exercise on food reward brain regions. After an overnight fast, 30 (17 men, 13 women), healthy, habitually active (age = 22.2 ± 0.7 yr, body mass index = 23.6 ± 0.4 kg/m(2), Vo(2peak) = 44.2 ...
Stehr Mareike D - - 2012
This review examines the role of exercise and physical activity for preventing weight gain in older people. A structured search using MeSH-vocabulary and Title/Abstract-searches was conducted in PubMed for January 2000 to June 2011, identifying weight gain and exercise or physical activity as study topics, and aged adults as target ...
Sakurai Takuya - - 2012
Recent increases in the number of obese individuals and individuals suffering from lifestyle-related diseases, such as type 2 diabetes, that accompany obesity have become a serious social problem. White adipose tissue (WAT) is more than a mere organ for storage of energy; it is also a highly active metabolic and ...
Deighton Kevin - - 2012
This study investigated the effect of fasted and postprandial exercise on appetite, energy intake and resting metabolic responses. Twelve healthy males (mean±SD: age 23±3 years, body mass index 22.9±2.1 kg.m(-2), maximum oxygen uptake 57.5±9.7 mL.kg(-1).min(-1)) performed three 10 h experimental trials (control, fasted exercise and postprandial exercise) in a Latin ...
Dreher Michael - - 2012
While the impact of obesity on respiratory function has been extensively studied and several definitive conclusions have emerged, its impact on exercise performance is complex, with the available data sometimes providing contradictory or inconclusive information. Based on the literature discussed, it appears that resting alterations in lung volumes and gas ...
Choquette S - - 2012
Aim In postmenopause, ovarian decline along with sedentary lifestyle could contribute to the loss of lean body mass (LBM) and muscle strength. This study aimed to verify whether exercise and isoflavones could have additive effects on muscle quality, muscle mass index, relative strength and physical capacity in overweight sedentary postmenopausal ...
Appleton Katherine - - 2012
Body weight, shape and body image were assessed in 16 males and 18 females before and after both 6 × 40 mins exercise and 6 × 40 mins reading. Over both conditions, body weight and shape did not change. Various aspects of body image, however, improved after exercise compared to ...
Caton Samantha J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The aim of the current investigation was to examine the effects of consuming a low-carbohydrate high-fat diet (LC-HFD) in combination with daily exercise on body weight, body composition, endocrine control of the energy balance system and exercise capacity in adolescent and mature rats. METHOD: Adolescent (n=23) and mature rats ...
Zoth Nora - - 2012
Postmenopausal women tend to have a higher risk in developing obesity and thus metabolic syndrome. Recently we could demonstrate that physical activity and estrogen replacement are effective strategies to prevent the development of nutritional induced obesity in an animal model. The aim of this study was to determine the combined ...
Rajia S - - 2012
AIM: Physical exercise reduces obesity, insulin resistance and dyslipidemia. We previously found that maternal obesity alters central appetite circuits and contributes to increased adiposity, glucose intolerance and metabolic disease in offspring. Here we hypothesized that voluntary exercise would ameliorate the adverse metabolic effects of maternal obesity on offspring. METHODS AND ...
Stoutenberg M - - 2012
Regular aerobic exercise may reduce cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk by lowering the concentration of inflammatory markers, such as C-reactive protein (CRP). While studies in diseased populations have shown significant decreases in CRP concentrations with regular aerobic training, little has been conclusively determined regarding the effects of aerobic training on CRP ...
Garn Alex C - - 2012
Traditional videogames contribute to sedentary behaviors; in contrast, exergaming is a relatively new concept that uses videogames to promote exercise during game play. Nintendo Wii Fit is a commercially popular exergaming platform geared toward improving fitness, however, limited empirical evidence related to the physical and mental benefits of the Wii ...
Jankauskiene R - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to examine the disordered eating attitudes and sociocultural body ideals internalization among university athletes (N.=98), exercisers (N.=125) and sedentary (N.=81) undergraduate female students. The mean age (SD) of the sample was 20.17 (2.00). The students completed Eating Attitude Test - 26, Body Areas ...
Wexler Randell - - 2012
Cardiovascular disease, including hypertension, coronary artery disease, and heart failure, is common in the general US population. The mainstay of treatment for this cohort is implementing therapeutic lifestyle changes (TLCs). Therapeutic lifestyle changes include a reduced-sodium diet, the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet, weight loss, moderation of alcohol ...
Miller G D - - 2012
Growth and sex steroid hormones decrease with aging and obesity. The effect of dietary weight loss and exercise training lifestyle interventions was examined on hormones as well as determining their relationships with physical function in older obese and overweight adults. Individuals were randomized into one of four 18 month interventions: ...
Becker Geórgia Franco - - 2012
The present study investigated the effect of an aerobic exercise bout associated with a high-carbohydrate (CHO) meal on plasma levels of acylated ghrelin and hunger sensation. Eight healthy males performed an exercise (ET) and a control (CT) trial. In ET, participants performed a 60-min cycling exercise (∼70% of maximal oxygen ...
Barnes Patricia M - - 2012
KEY FINDINGS: Data from the National Health Interview Survey, 2000, 2005, and 2010 In 2010, about one in three adults (32.4%) who had seen a physician or other health professional in the past 12 months had been advised to begin or continue to do exercise or physical activity. Between 2000 ...
Summermatter S - - 2012
The increasing prevalence of obesity and its comorbidities represents a major threat to human health globally. Pharmacological treatments exist to achieve weight loss, but the subsequent weight maintenance is prone to fail in the long run. Accordingly, efficient new strategies to persistently control body weight need to be elaborated. Exercise ...
Fisher Thomas E - - 2012
Hot flashes are a common complaint among women as they transition through menopause. This article reviews the evidence of lifestyle alterations for the amelioration of hot flashes including obesity, exercise, smoking, relaxation techniques, and acupuncture. Further randomized controlled trials regarding these lifestyle alterations are needed to determine their full potential ...
Casimiro-Lopes G - - 2012
Maternal prolactin inhibition at the end of lactation programs for metabolic syndrome and hypothyroidism in adult offspring, which could negatively affect exercise performance. We evaluated the effects of maternal hypoprolactinemia in late lactation on physical performance in adult progeny. Lactating Wistar rats were treated with bromocriptine (BRO, 1 mg per day) ...
Ruiz Jorge G - - 2012
The prevalence of obesity and associated health complications are currently at unprecedented levels. Physical activity in this population can improve patient outcomes. Virtual reality (VR) self-modeling may improve self-efficacy and adherence to physical activity. We conducted a comparative study of 30 participants randomized to 3 versions of a 3D avatar-based ...
Escamilla Rafael F - - 2012
SYNOPSIS: There is a growing body of evidence documenting loads applied to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) for weight-bearing and non-weight-bearing exercises. ACL loading has been quantified by inverse dynamics techniques that measure anterior shear force at the tibiofemoral joint (net force primarily restrained by the ACL), ACL strain (defined ...
Sato Koji - - 2012
Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) is precursor of sex steroid hormone. We demonstrated that acute DHEA injection to type 1 diabetes model rats induced improvement of hyperglycemia. However, the effect of the combination of DHEA administration and exercise training on insulin resistance is still unclear. This study was undertaken to determine whether 6-weeks ...
Eaves Audrey D - - 2012
We have reported a reduction in fatty acid oxidation (FAO) at the whole-body level and in skeletal muscle in severely obese (BMI ≥ 40 kg/m2) individuals; this defect is retained in cell culture suggesting an inherent component. The purpose of the current study was to determine if an impairment in whole-body fatty acid ...
Hall Cameron W - - 2012
The purpose of this study was (1) to determine if overweight/obese individuals (age 26-50 y) would self-select moderate exercise intensity when asked to do so and (2) to determine how this self-selected workload compared to exercising at a workload (60% peak aerobic capacity) that is known to provide cardioprotective health benefits. ...
Li Hongtao - - 2012
Tai chi (TC) is a unique form of exercise having both mind and body components – focused mindfulness and physical movement. It is perhaps best known for its ability to prevent falls in elderly people. It is also thought to improve vitality, longevity, mental and physical health. Recent studies have ...
Saunders Travis J - - 2012
Objective. To examine the effect of acute and short-term (~1 week) aerobic exercise training on plasma adiponectin levels in inactive, abdominally obese men. Materials and Methods. Inactive and abdominally obese men (n = 38, waist circumference ≥102 cm) recruited from Kingston, Canada were randomly allocated to perform three bouts of aerobic ...
Heydari M - - 2012
To determine the effect of a 12-week high intensity intermittent exercise (HIIE) intervention on total body, abdominal, trunk, visceral fat mass, and fat free mass of young overweight males. Participants were randomly assigned to either exercise or control group. The intervention group received HIIE three times per week, 20 min per ...
Herrera Javier A Freire - - 2012
The study was performed in a sample of 39 firemen. The state of health for each fire fighter was evaluated by means of a clinical examination and also through some specific exams. Aerobic capacity was estimated as an indicator of physical fitness. In each load, cardiac frequency and oxygen consumption ...
Kline Christopher E - - 2012
To investigate whether a dose-response relationship existed between exercise and subjective sleep quality in postmenopausal women. This objective represents a post hoc assessment that was not previously considered. Parallel-group randomised controlled trial. Clinical exercise physiology laboratory in Dallas, Texas. 437 sedentary overweight/obese postmenopausal women. Participants were randomised to one of ...
Slivkoff-Clark Karin M - - 2012
Visceral obesity and insulin resistance are associated with a postprandial accumulation of atherogenic chylomicron remnants that is difficult to modulate with lipid-lowering therapies. Dietary fish oil and exercise are cardioprotective interventions that can significantly modify the metabolism of TAG-rich lipoproteins. In this study, we investigated whether chronic exercise and fish ...
Lira Fábio S - - 2012
Lipid metabolism in the liver is complex and involves the synthesis and secretion of very low density lipoproteins (VLDL), ketone bodies, and high rates of fatty acid oxidation, synthesis, and esterification. Exercise training induces several changes in lipid metabolism in the liver and affects VLDL secretion and fatty acid oxidation. ...
Gutierrez-Lopez Liliana - - 2012
Background: Studies show that diet and exercise are important in the treatment of obesity. The aim of this study was to determine whether additional regular moderate aerobic exercise during a treatment with hypocaloric diet has a beneficial effect on oxidative stress and molecular damage in the obese patient. Methods: Oxidative ...
Schou Andersen Camilla - - 2012
Exposures during fetal life may have long-term health consequences including risk of childhood overweight. We investigated the associations between maternal recreational exercise during early and late pregnancy and the children's body mass index (BMI) and risk of overweight at 7 years. Data on 40,280 mother-child pairs from the Danish National ...
Sukala William R - - 2012
The Polynesian people of New Zealand are particularly vulnerable to type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and related comorbidities, including obesity and cardiovascular disease. T2DM could potentially be managed and abated with appropriate and targeted exercise prescriptions; however, the uptake of such interventions by this cohort remains low. The purpose of ...
Kalsaria Pratik - - 2012
About 1 in 3 American adults have cardiovascular disease associated with risk factors such as physical inactivity, obesity, and stress. Heart rate variability (HRV) analysis is considered a non-invasive procedure for analyzing cardiovascular autonomic influence. Depressed HRV has been linked to abnormal cardiovascular autonomic modulation.
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