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Ignacio D L - - 2012
Ovariectomy leads to significant increase in body weight, but the possible peripheral mechanisms involved in weight gain are still unknown. Since exercise and thyroid hormones modulate energy balance, we aimed to study the effect of swimming training on body weight gain and brown adipose tissue (BAT) type 2 iodothyronine deiodinase ...
Martín-Cordero L - - 2012
Regular physical exercise is recognized as a nonpharmacological therapeutic strategy in the treatment of metabolic syndrome, and has been proposed for improving obesity, diabetic status, insulin resistance, and immune response. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of a regular exercise program (treadmill running, 5 days/week for ...
Debuse Dorothée - - 2012
To date, a range of exercises have been used to improve the function of the lumbar multifidus (LM) and transversus abdominis (TrA) muscles in people with low back pain, but uncertainty remains as to what exactly constitutes meaningful LM and TrA training. We examined the effects of exercising with a ...
Gobbo L A - - 2012
The aim of this study was to analyze the validity of anthropometric equations to identify changes in skeletal muscle mass (SMM) after resistance training (RT). Anthropometric and dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) measurements were obtained at baseline and after RT in 15 trained Caucasian college men. Participants performed RT over ...
Guendelman Sylvia - - 2012
Little is known about modifiable lifestyle factors beyond quitting smoking that could prevent preterm delivery (PTD, <37 weeks gestation). We examined the individual and joint associations of pre-pregnancy BMI, second trimester exercise and sleep on PTD. We conducted a nested, population-based case-control study interviewing postpartum 344 cases delivering at <37 weeks, as ...
Miles Mary P - - 2012
Increased inflammation is present in obese compared to normal weight individuals, but inflammation characteristics of non-obese, overweight individuals are less clear. PURPOSE: To determine whether basal, circadian and post-eccentric exercise inflammation levels differ between normal and overweight men. METHODS: Men (18-35 y) classified as normal weight (BMI ≤ 25 kg·m, ...
Wagener T L - - 2012
BACKGROUND: In order to attract obese adolescents who are often reluctant to engage in traditional exercise, new forms of physical activity are needed. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to investigate the impact of dance-based exergaming on a diverse sample of obese adolescents' perceived competence to exercise, psychological adjustment ...
So Wi-Young - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to examine whether physical activity (PA) and a sedentary behavior were related to weight status in Korean adolescents. 72,399 students in grades 7th to 12th participated in the 5thKorea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey (KYRBWS-V) project in 2009. Body mass index (BMI), PA, and ...
O'Neal Eric - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to determine how accurately runners estimate their sweat losses. Male (n = 19) and female (n = 20) runners (41 ± 10 y, VO2max = 57 ± 9 ml/kg/min) from the southeastern US completed an approximately 1 h run during late summer on a ...
Bruni Giulia Innocenti - - 2012
We have tested the hypothesis that high mass loading effects and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) constrain the ventilatory response to exercise in morbidly obese subjects as compared to their counterparts without OSA. Fifteen obese patients with (8) and without OSA and 12 lean healthy subjects performed incremental cycle exercise. The ...
Ahdout J - - 2012
Background.  Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease, which is associated with obesity and with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Aim.  To evaluate modifiable lifestyle factors including stress level, physical activity and nutrition, which may be associated with metabolic syndrome in patients with psoriasis. Methods.  In total, 65 patients with psoriasis ...
Göhner Wiebke - - 2012
Intervention programs for treating adiposity which focus on dietary change and physical exercise often do not lead to the desired long-term reduction in weight. This article reports on the effectiveness of M.O.B.I.L.I.S., a standardized theory-driven intervention program. Participants are taught cognitive-behavioral strategies of goal setting, action planning, barrier management, and ...
Krskova K - - 2012
Objective. The chronic moderate exercise positively alters the systemic glucose homeostasis, enhances the insulin action, and ameliorates the oxidative damage in the skeletal muscle and liver. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of an intermittent aerobic training on the metabolic parameters of the white adipose tissue ...
Biscarini Andrea - - 2012
The author derived the exact analytical expression of the instantaneous joint power in exercises with single-joint, variable-resistance, selectorized strength-training equipment, taking into account all the relevant geometric, kinematic, and dynamic variables of both the movable equipment elements (resistance input lever, cam-pulley system, weight stack) and of the user's exercising limb. ...
Thivel David - - 2012
The imbalance between energy expenditure and energy intake is the main factor accounting for the progression of obesity. For many years, physical activity has been part of weight-loss programmes to increase energy expenditure. It is now recognized that exercise can also affect appetite and energy consumption. In the context of ...
Mostarda Cristiano - - 2012
High fructose consumption contributes to the incidence of metabolic syndrome and, consequently, to cardiovascular outcomes. We investigated whether exercise training prevents high fructose diet-induced metabolic and cardiac morphofunctional alterations. Wistar rats receiving fructose overload (F) in drinking water (100 g/l) were concomitantly trained on a treadmill (FT) for 10 weeks ...
Thorndike Anne N - - 2012
Many employers are now providing wellness programs to help employees make changes in diet and exercise behaviors. Improving health outcomes and reducing costs will depend on whether employees sustain lifestyle changes and maintain a healthy weight over time. To determine if a 9-month maintenance intervention immediately following a 10-week worksite ...
Guzel Nevin Atalay - - 2012
"Regular physical exercise plays an important role in reducing obesity, preventing hyperglycemia, lowering blood lipids and reducing systemic blood pressure. But the question about the nature of the relationship between homocysteine, nitric oxide and physical activity remains unanswered. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of callisthenic ...
Lee SoJung - - 2012
The optimal exercise modality for reductions of abdominal obesity and risk factors for type 2 diabetes in youth is unknown. We examined the effects of aerobic exercise (AE) versus resistance exercise (RE) without caloric restriction on abdominal adiposity, ectopic fat, and insulin sensitivity and secretion in youth. Forty-five obese adolescent ...
Murakami Ikuma - - 2012
We investigated the effect of macronutrient composition of pre-exercise meals on endurance performance. Subjects consumed a high-carbohydrate diet at each meal for 3 days, followed by a high-fat meal (HFM; 1007 ± 21 kcal, 30% CHO, 55% F and 15% P) or high-carbohydrate meal (HCM; 1007 ± 21 kcal, 71% ...
Maamar H R - - 2012
Childhood obesity is nowadays considered as one of the major health problems that many societies suffer from. The obesity epidemic leads to several life threatening conditions such as diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure, and mental health problems like depression, anxiety and loneliness just to mention a few. Several approaches, ...
Brun J F - - 2012
This review summarizes the rationale for personalized exercise training in obesity and diabetes, targeted at the level of maximal lipid oxidation as can be determined by exercise calorimetry. This measurement is reproducible and reflects muscles' ability to oxidize lipids. Targeted training at this level is well tolerated, increases the ability ...
Castello-Simões Viviane - - 2012
Background: This study aimed to determine whether morbidly obese women have an alteration of heart rate (HR) kinetics and HR variability (HRV) during the 6-min walk test (6MWT) and if an aerobic exercise training can modify these indexes after gastric bypass surgery (GBS). Design and methods: Nineteen morbidly obese women ...
Alves Eduardo da Silva - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is associated with a variety of long-term consequences such as high rates of morbidity and mortality, due to excessive diurnal somnolence as well as cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. Obesity, recurrent episodes of upper airway obstruction, progressive hypoxemia, and sleep fragmentation during sleep cause neural, ...
Weinheimer Eileen M - - 2012
Little is known about the effects of different quantities of whey protein on exercise training-induced changes in body composition and indices of metabolic syndrome in middle-aged overweight and obese adults. Therefore, we examined the effects of consuming 0.8-MJ supplements with 0 (n = 126), 10 (n = 112), 20 (n ...
Davenport Colin - - 2012
Eur J Clin Invest 2012 ABSTRACT: Background  Biomarkers of cardiovascular (CV) risk are tests that predict a patient's risk of future CV events. Recently, two proteins involved in vascular calcification; serum levels of osteoprotegerin (OPG) and tumour necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) have emerged as potentially useful biomarkers. OPG levels ...
Campos E Z - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate the potential relationship between excess post-exercise oxygen consumption (EPOC), heart rate recovery (HRR) and their respective time constants (tvo2 and t HR) and body composition and aerobic fitness (VO2max) variables after an anaerobic effort. 14 professional cyclists (age=28.4±4.8 years, height=176.0±6.7 cm, body ...
Rica Roberta Luksevicius - - 2012
Aim:  In this study, the effects of a short-term follow-up intervention by water-based exercise (WE) on indicators of obesity in frail obese older women were investigated. Methods:  A total of 28 obese older women (body mass index ≥30 kg/m(2) ) aged between 60 and 75 years voluntarily took part in the study. ...
Balcı Sükrü Serdar - - 2012
Objective: The aim of the present study is to examine the differences in fat and carbohydrate (CHO) oxidation during walking and running between normal-weight and overweight/obese young adult men. Methods: 19 healthy, normal-weight (age = 21.9 ± 0.7 years, BMI = 22.6 ± 0.4 kg, n = 10) and overweight ...
Bajpeyi Sudip - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of exercise training on intramyocellular lipid (IMCL) content and test the hypothesis that the effect of endurance-oriented exercise training on IMCL is dependent on characteristics of the population studied. Lean (N = 11, body mass index (BMI) = 22.2 ± ...
Chae Jey Sook - - 2012
To determine the association of regular exercise, BMI, and fasting glucose with the risk of type 2 diabetes and to predict the risk. Korean subjects (n = 7,233; 40-79 years old) who were not diagnosed with diabetes at baseline were enrolled through the National Health Insurance Corporation. All participants underwent ...
Thomas D M DM Center for Quantitative Obesity Research, Montclair State University, Montclair, NJ 07043, USA. - - 2012
Weight loss resulting from an exercise intervention tends to be lower than predicted. Modest weight loss can arise from an increase in energy intake, physiological reductions in resting energy expenditure, an increase in lean tissue or a decrease in non-exercise activity. Lower than expected, weight loss could also arise from ...
Slot DE - - 2012
To cite this article: Int J Dent Hygiene DOI: 10.1111/j.1601-5037.2012.00557.x Slot DE, Wiggelinkhuizen L, Rosema NAM, Van der Weijden GA. The efficacy of manual toothbrushes following a brushing exercise: a systematic review. ABSTRACT: Aim:  To determine the efficacy of manual tooth brushing with respect to toothbrush design and brushing duration. ...
Huck Corey J - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Moderate energy restriction and exercise are recommended for effective weight loss. Obese individuals oxidize less fat and report a higher perceived exertion during exercise, characteristics that may negatively influence exercise behavior. Because vitamin C status has been linked to fatigability, we compared the effects of vitamin C supplementation on ...
Jimenez-Flores Rafael - - 2012
This study compared the effects of a higher protein supplement manufactured from milk vs. a commercially available higher carbohydrate supplement on serum markers of muscle damage, anaerobic exercise, choice reaction time, and body composition during 2 weekends of vigorous hikes with simulated mountain skirmishes. Thirty-five university students, including Reserve Officers ...
Aoike Danilo Takashi - - 2012
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and obesity are both associated with reduced physical capacity. The potential benefit of aerobic training on physical capacity has been recognized. The exercise intensity can be established using different methods mostly subjective or indirect. Ventilatory threshold (VT) is a direct and objective method that allows prescribing ...
Gökbel Hakk - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Gökbel, H, Okudan, N, Gül, I, Belviranlı, M, Gergerlioğlu, HS, and Başaralı, MK. Effects of repeated bouts of supramaximal exercise on plasma adiponectin, interleukin-6, and tumor necrosis factor-α levels in sedentary men. J Strength Cond Res 26(6): 1675-1679, 2012-The objective of the study was to determine the effects of ...
Nytrøen Kari - - 2012
Background: Heart transplant (HTx) recipients usually have reduced exercise capacity, with reported VO(2peak) levels of 50-70% of predicted values. This study aimed to evaluate central and peripheral factors predictive of VO(2peak).Methods and results: Fifty-one clinically stable HTx recipients >18 years old and 1-8 years after HTx, underwent maximal exercise testing ...
Sijie T - - 2012
The purpose of this study was intended to evaluate the effects of a high intensity interval training (HIIT) program on the body composition, cardiac function and aerobic capacity in overweight young women. Sixty female university students (aged 19-20, BMI≥25kg/m2 and percentage body fat ≥ 30%) were chosen and then randomly ...
Kessler Holly S - - 2012
In the US, 34% of adults currently meet the criteria for the metabolic syndrome defined by elevated waist circumference, plasma triglycerides (TG), fasting glucose and/or blood pressure, and decreased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). While these cardiometabolic risk factors can be treated with medication, lifestyle modification is strongly recommended as a ...
Jung Ji Yeon - - 2012
We investigated the effects of exercise intensity on abdominal and mid-thigh adipose tissue, attenuation of skeletal muscle, and insulin sensitivity in overweight women with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Twenty-eight patients were randomly assigned to control (CG, n=12), moderate intensity exercise (MEG, n=8), or vigorous intensity exercise (VEG, n=8) group. ...
Seo Dae Yun - - 2012
The purpose of the study was to assess the effects of a 12 weeks aged garlic extract (AGE) regimen with regular exercise on cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in postmenopausal women. A total of 30 postmenopausal women (54.4 ± 5.4 years) were randomly divided into the following four groups: Placebo (Placebo; ...
De Mey Kristof - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To describe and compare the activation levels of the upper and lower trapezius muscle and study the influence of trunk and lower extremity position or movement during eight variations of a scapular retraction exercise. DESIGN: Descriptive study. Exercise performance was standardized and individualized based on height, age and body ...
Joham A E - - 2012
Pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) is upregulated in obese rodents and is involved in the development of insulin resistance (IR). We aim to explore the relationships between PEDF, adiposity, insulin sensitivity and cardiovascular risk factors in obese women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) and weight-matched controls and to examine the impact ...
Cocks Matthew - - 2012
The net production of nitric oxide (NO) by the muscle microvascular endothelium is a key regulator of muscle microvascular blood flow. Here we describe the development of a method to quantify the protein content and phosphorylation of endothelial NO synthase (eNOS content and eNOS ser(1177) phosphorylation) and NAD(P)H oxidase expression. ...
Lisón Juan Francisco - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the effect of a hospital clinic group- versus home-based combined exercise-diet program for the treatment of childhood obesity. METHODS: One hundred ten overweight/obese Spanish children and adolescents (6-16 years) in 2 intervention groups (hospital clinic group-based [n = 45] and home-based ...
De Matteis R - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Brown adipose tissue (BAT) plays a major role in body energy expenditure counteracting obesity and obesity-associated morbidities. BAT activity is sustained by the sympathetic nervous system (SNS). Since a massive activation of the SNS was described during physical activity, we investigated the effect of endurance running training ...
Annesi James J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that obesity, physical inactivity, anxiety (psychological tension), and a poor diet are associated with high blood pressure (BP). Although medication is the treatment of choice, behavioral methods might also improve BP in individuals with both prehypertension and hypertension. METHODS: Severely obese women from the southeast USA (N = 155; ...
Oostdam N - - 2012
Please cite this paper as: Oostdam N, van Poppel M, Wouters M, Eekhoff E, Bekedam D, Kuchenbecker W, Quartero H, Heres M, van Mechelen W. No effect of the FitFor2 exercise programme on blood glucose, insulin sensitivity, and birthweight in pregnant women who were overweight and at risk for gestational ...
Hanlon Bliss - - 2012
PURPOSE: To examine the effect of a bout of moderate-to-vigorous (MV) exercise on the neural response to pictures of food (used to index food motivation) in normal-weight and obese women. Secondary outcomes included energy intake and physical activity (PA) over 24-hours. METHODS: Using a cross-over design, 18 normal-weight and 17 ...
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