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Morishita Yoshiyuki - - 2014
The appropriate exercise counseling for chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients is crucial to improve their prognosis. There have been few studies about exercise counseling by primary care physicians for CKD patients. We investigated primary care physicians' exercise counseling practices for CKD patients, and the association of these physicians' own exercise ...
Shea Karen L KL 1Division of Geriatric Medicine, School of Medicine; 2Division of General Internal Medicine; 3Department of Preventative Medicine and Biostatistics; University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, - - 2014
Disruptions in calcium (Ca) homeostasis during exercise may influence skeletal adaptations to exercise training. In young men, vigorous cycling causes increases in parathyroid hormone (PTH) and bone resorption (C-terminal telopeptides of type I collagen; CTX); responses are attenuated by Ca supplementation. Study aims were to determine whether vigorous walking causes ...
Scott Jonathan P R JP Department of Human Sciences (J.P.R.S., A.C.), QinetiQ Ltd, Farnborough GU14 0LX, United Kingdom; Biomedical, Life, and Health Sciences Research Centre (C.S.), School of Science and Technology, Nottingham Trent University, NG1 4BU Nottingham, United Kingdom; Department of Occupational Medicine (J.P.G.), Headquarters Army Recruiting and Training Division, Upavon SN9 6BE, Wiltshire, United Kingdom; Department of Musculoskeletal Biology (J.D.), University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 7ZX, United Kingdom; and Norwich Medical School (W.D.F.), University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ United - - 2014
Context: Lower PTH concentrations reported in the hours after acute, endurance exercise compared with preexercise levels might be influenced by factors such as circadian fluctuations. Objective: The objective of the study was to compare postexercise PTH concentrations with a nonexercising control group. Design and Setting: A laboratory-based study with a ...
Kobza Vanessa M - - 2013
We assessed the influence of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) and parathyroid hormone (PTH) concentrations on oral glucose tolerance, body composition, and muscle strength in older, nondiabetic adults who performed resistance exercise training (RT) while consuming diets with either 0.9 or 1.2 g protein kg(-1) d(-1). We hypothesized that individuals with ...
Salem K A - - 2013
Although, several novel forms of intervention aiming at newly identified therapeutic targets are currently being developed for diabetes mellitus (DM), it is well established that physical exercise continues to be one of the most valuable forms of non-pharmacological therapy. The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of ...
Xie Wei W Department of Veterinary Physiology & Pharmacology, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, - - 2013
Test the hypothesis that exercise training increases the contribution of BK(Ca) channels to endothelium-mediated dilation in coronary arterioles from collateral-dependent myocardial regions of chronically occluded pig hearts and may function downstream of H2O2. An ameroid constrictor was placed around the proximal left circumflex coronary artery to induce gradual occlusion in ...
Osiadlo Grazyna - - 2013
In the present study we investigated the effectiveness of a 3-month breathing exercise program in patients with mild-to-moderate asthma, as assessed from spirometric indices. The study group consisted of 28 asthma patients (mean age of 43 years). The physiotherapy program consisted of 45-min exercise sessions, performed twice a week for ...
Miki Keisuke - - 2012
To understand the mechanism of exertional dyspnea, we postulated that, despite hyperoxia during exercise, patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) might not regulate exertional acidosis by ventilatory compensation to stop exercise. The exercise responses during 30% O(2) or compressed air (CA) were examined in 13 patients with IPF. The Pa(O2), ...
Carlsen Kai-Håkon - - 2012
Exercise-induced asthma (EIA) and bronchial hyper-responsiveness (BHR) are frequently reported among elite athletes of outdoor endurance winter sports, particularly in cross-country and biathlon skiers. The pathogenesis of EIA is related to water loss and heat-loss through the increased respiration during exercise, leading to mediator release, airways inflammation and increased parasympathetic ...
Sastre Beatriz - - 2012
The aim of the study was to establish bronchial inflammation status and to measure eicosanoids in sputum obtained from active elite athletes. A total of 68 subjects were enrolled. Twelve were non-athletes and non-asthmatic (NAtNAs), 21 non-athlete asthmatics (NAtAs), 11 athlete non-asthmatics (AtNAs), and 24 athletes with asthma (AtAs) with ...
Holley Aaron B - - 2012
Introduction. Response to eucapnic voluntary hyperventilation (EVH) has not been compared with methacholine challenge testing (MCCT) in nonathletes being evaluated for dyspnea on exertion. Objective. To determine the airway response to EVH and MCCT in a population of nonathletes who exercise regularly but have symptoms with exertion. Methods. We reviewed ...
Anthracopoulos Michael B - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between physical activity and exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) in an urban population sample of schoolchildren, taking into account potential confounders such as asthma symptoms and overweight. METHODS: Children aged 10-12 years answered validated questionnaires on physical activity (Physical Activity and Lifestyle Questionnaire) and asthma symptoms (ISAAC ...
Riiser Amund - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) is an important, but not specific, asthma characteristic. We aimed to assess the predictive value of BHR tested by methacholine and exercise challenge at age 10 years for active asthma six years later. METHODS: From a Norwegian birth cohort 530 children underwent methacholine challenge and exercise-induced ...
Driessen Jean M - - 2012
Methacholine and histamine can lead to inspiratory flow limitation in asthmatic children and adults. This has not been analyzed after indirect airway stimuli, such as exercise. The aim of the study was to analyze airflow limitation after exercise in cold, dry air. 72 asthmatic children with mild to moderate asthma ...
Scichilone Nicola - - 2012
We previously reported that responsiveness to methacholine (Mch) in the absence of deep inspiration (DI) decreased in healthy subjects after a short course of exercise training. We assessed whether a similar beneficial effect of exercise on airway responsiveness could occur in asthmatics. Nine patients (male/female: 3/6; mean age ± SD: ...
Olivo Clarice R - - 2012
We evaluated the effects of aerobic exercise (AE) on airway inflammation, exhaled nitric oxide levels (ENO), airway remodeling, and the expression of Th1, Th2 and regulatory cytokines in a guinea pig asthma model. Animals were divided into 4 groups: non-trained and non-sensitized (C), non-sensitized and AE (AE), ovalbumin-sensitized and non-trained ...
Tomasz Grzelewski - - 2012
BACKGROUND: There is a need for the performance of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) tests in the monitoring of childhood asthma control. We aimed to evaluate whether in children with atopic asthma, EIB can be predicted by one or more of the following parameters or by their combination: fractional exhaled nitric-oxide (FeNO), ...
Hanks Christopher D - - 2012
Background: Breathing complaints are common in athletes. Studies have suggested that the prevalence of asthma and exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) is higher in elite athletes than the general population. Vocal cord dysfunction (VCD) may mimic asthma and EIB as a cause of dyspnea in athletes. However, the majority of studies to ...
Teixeira Renata Nakata - - 2012
To determine the prevalence of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction among elite long-distance runners in Brazil and whether there is a difference in the training loads among athletes with and without exercise-induced bronchoconstriction. This was a cross-sectional study involving elite long-distance runners with neither current asthma symptoms nor a diagnosis of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction. ...
Heikkinen Sirpa A M - - 2012
Although many guidelines recommend regular exercise for adults with asthma, the empirical evidence on the effect of exercise on adult asthma has been inconsistent and there are no previous systematic reviews on this topic. To fill in this gap of knowledge, we synthesized the data on the effects of regular ...
Evjenth Bjørg - - 2012
Introduction:  Exhaled nitric oxide (FE(NO) ) measurements are recommended to be performed before spirometry and exercise challenge tests because forced breathing might influence FE(NO ) values. Information on the effect of exercise on FE(NO) is lacking in non-asthmatic children. Aim:   To investigate the effect on FE(NO) of a standardized ...
Ali Zarqa - - 2012
Objective and methods. Asthma is often reported by elite athletes, especially endurance athletes. The aim of this article is to review current knowledge of mechanisms and management of exercise-induced asthma (EIA) in adult elite athletes. Results. The mechanisms underlying EIA is incompletely understood, but the two prevailing hypotheses are the ...
Kippelen Pascale - - 2012
Elite athletes, particularly those engaged in endurance sports and those exposed chronically to airborne pollutants/irritants or allergens, are at increased risk for upper and lower airway dysfunction. Airway epithelial injury may be caused by dehydration and physical stress applied to the airways during severe exercise hyperpnoea and/or by inhalation of ...
Fields Karl B - - 2012
Wheezing is a commonly encountered complaint by patients seen in sports medicine practice. Wheezes are a continuous musical sound heard best on expiration and can originate from one or more of several defined anatomical locations in the human airway. While common causes of wheezing include exercise-induced bronchoconstriction, postnasal drip, and ...
Taylor-Piliae Ruth E - - 2012
Cardiac rehabilitation improves physical, cognitive and psychosocial functioning, yet services are greatly underutilized with increasing patterns of attrition over time. Tai Chi has been suggested as a possible adjunct to cardiac rehabilitation exercise training. To describe differences in physical, cognitive and psychosocial functioning among adults ≥ 45 years old attending ...
Choi Inseon S - - 2012
Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) in patients with asthma occurs more frequently in winter than in summer. The concentration of house dust mite (HDM) allergens in beds also shows seasonal variation. This study examined the relationship between seasonal differences in the prevalence of EIB and sensitization to HDMs in patients with asthma. ...
Correia Marco Aurélio de Valois MA - - 2012
Physical activity (PA) is an essential health promotion factor. In asthmatic children and adolescents, exercise-induced bronchospasm (EIB) and parental beliefs and attitudes toward PA may be limiting issues. To compare PA levels in asthmatic adolescents with and without EIB and the influence of mothers' beliefs of asthma worsening due to ...
Marefati Hamid - - 2012
High prevalence of respiratory symptoms and bronchial hyper-responsiveness has been reported in professionals athletes, particularly in relation to climate and environment. However, the airway response to exercise in active population has been poorly investigated especially in women. The aim of this study was to examine pulmonary function test changes in ...
O'Leary Rae - - 2012
The purpose of this article is to better understand asthma triggers and possible causes of exacerbations among BREATHE participants on the Cheyenne River Indian Reservation in western South Dakota. To qualify for enrollment, participants had to have physician-diagnosed asthma, be uncontrolled and have persistent symptoms. Participants were asked to identify ...
Riedl Marc A - - 2012
To improve understanding of human health risks from exposure to diesel exhaust particles (DEP*), we tested whether immunologic effects previously observed in the human nose also occur in the lower airways. Our overall hypothesis was that cell influx and production of cytokines, chemokines, immunoglobulin E (IgE), and other mediators, which ...
Del Giacco Stefano R - - 2012
To cite this article: Del Giacco SR, Carlsen K-H, Du Toit G. Allergy and sports in children. Pediatric Allergy Immunol 2012: 23: 11-20. ABSTRACT: Physical activity is beneficial for children with positive outcomes for mental and physical well-being. Allergic conditions unique to the sporting arena may serve as an impediment ...
Svensson Henning - - 2012
Background: Exhaled breath temperature (EBT) has been suggested as a marker of airway inflammation in asthma. Objectives: The aim of the present study was to investigate EBT in asthmatic subjects compared to healthy controls after an exercise challenge test, and in subjects with exercise-induced bronchoconstriction compared to subjects without, and ...
Parsons Jonathan P JP Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, Allergy and Sleep Medicine, The Ohio State University Medical Center, Columbus, OH, - - 2012
Previous studies have reported that the prevalence of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) in athletes is higher than that of the general population. There is increasing evidence that athletes fail to recognize and report symptoms of EIB. As a result, there has been debate whether athletes should be screened for EIB, particularly ...
Spector Sheldon - - 2012
Management of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) should include both prevention and treatment directed toward the underlying asthma and bronchial hyperresponsiveness. Both nonpharmacologic and pharmacologic approaches should be followed. Preexercise warm-up, to take advantage of the refractory period that follows EIB, is an important preventive technique. Dietary interventions such as fish oil, ...
Khan David A - - 2012
Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) is common in asthma patients as well as athletes. This article provides an overview of the prevalence and impact on quality of life (QoL) of EIB based on an analysis review of selected literature. The term EIB is preferred to exercise-induced asthma because EIB does not cause ...
Boyd Amy - - 2012
Aerobic exercise appears to have clinical benefits for many asthmatics, yet a complete understanding of the mechanisms underlying these benefits has not been elucidated at this time. The objective of this study was to determine feasibility for a larger, future study that will define the effect of aerobic exercise on ...
Chandratilleke Madhu G MG Respiratory Medicine, The Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Adelaide, - - 2012
People with asthma may show less tolerance to exercise due to worsening asthma symptoms during exercise or other reasons such as deconditioning, as a consequence of inactivity. Some may also restrict activities as per medical advice or family influence and this might result in reduced physical fitness. Physical training programs ...
Parsons Jonathan P - - 2011
An estimated 5-20% of the general population and up to 90% of people with asthma experience exercise-induced bronchospasm (EIB). The EIB Landmark Survey is the first comprehensive study on exercise-related respiratory symptoms in the United States. Two surveys were conducted: the first surveyed adults (≥18 years) in the general public ...
Tsuchiya Naoto - - 2011
Dopamine is related to behaviour (including arousal, motivation, and motor control of locomotion) and its turnover in the brain is increased during exercise. We examined the hypothesis that dopamine D2 receptors contribute to exercise hyperpnoea via central neural pathways using the D2-like receptor antagonist raclopride. We simultaneously measured ventilation and ...
Eves Neil D - - 2011
The 2 most common respiratory diseases are chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma. Growing evidence supports the benefits of exercise for all patients with these diseases. Due to the etiology of COPD and the pathophysiology of asthma, there may be some additional risks of exercise for these patients, and ...
Ali Zarqa - - 2011
Exercise induced asthma (EIA) is a transient increase in airway resistance after intensive exercise and can be measured as a decline in forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1). The condition is due to increased training load and inhalation of cold and dry air. Several studies have shown that eucapnic ...
Okuno Nilo M - - 2011
Okuno, NM, Perandini, LAB, Bishop, D, Simões, HG, Pereira, G, Berthoin, S, Kokubun, E, and Nakamura, FY. Physiological and perceived exertion responses at intermittent critical power and intermittent maximal lactate steady state. J Strength Cond Res 25(X): 000-000, 2011-The aim of this study was to compare the power outputs of ...
Munehiro T - - 2011
Background Delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) occurs after unaccustomed exercise and is particularly associated with high-intensity eccentric exercise. Eccentric exercise is reported to have a protective effect against DOMS caused by subsequent eccentric exercise. Since objective assessment of pain is difficult, only limited experimental studies on DOMS and a few ...
Lin Yuan-Yung - - 2011
Cromolyn sodium (cromolyn) effectively inhibits both antigen- and exercise-induced asthma when used as an aerosol. Intranasal cromolyn is also recommended for preventing and treating allergic rhinitis. By inhibiting the degranulation of sensitized mast cells, cromolyn reduces the release of mediators that trigger inflammation and the allergic response. The precise pharmacologic ...
Inagaki Yoshitaka - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of muscle metaboreflex on exercise-induced growth hormone (GH) secretion. In order to accumulate metabolites within exercised muscle with minimized central motor activity, electromyostimulation (EMS) was performed combined with blood flow restriction (BFR). Seven men performed one-legged isometric knee extension evoked ...
Scarfe Amy C - - 2011
Scarfe, AC, Li, F-X, Reddin, DB, and Bridge, MW. A new progression scale for common lower-limb rehabilitation tasks. J Strength Cond Res 25(3): 612-619, 2011-The treatment of most injuries tends to have similar goals: to minimize initial pain and swelling, restore full range of motion, and return to full strength. ...
Ali Ajmol - - 2011
Ali, A, Creasy, RH, and Edge, JA. The effect of graduated compression stockings on running performance. J Strength Cond Res 25(X): 000-000, 2011-The aim of this study was to examine the effects of wearing different grades of graduated compression stockings (GCS) on 10-km running performance. After an initial familiarization run, ...
Sperlich B - - 2011
The effects of knee-high socks that applied different levels of compression (0, 10, 20, 30 and 40 mmHg) on various cardio-respiratory and metabolic parameters during submaximal running were analysed. Fifteen well-trained, male endurance athletes (age: 22.2 ± 1.3 years; peak oxygen uptake: 57.2 ± 4.0 mL/minute/kg) performed a ramp test ...
Fares Elie-J M - - 2011
Background. Oropharyngeal receptors signal presence of carbohydrate to the brain. Mouth rinses with a carbohydrate solution facilitate corticomotor output and improve time-trial performance in well-trained subjects in a fasted state. We tested for this effect in nonathletic subjects in fasted and nonfasted state. Methods. 13 healthy non-athletic males performed 5 ...
Molino-Lova Raffaele - - 2010
Molino-Lova R, Vannetti F, Pasquini G, Paperini A, Zipoli R, Polcaro P, Petrilli M, Cecchi F, Macchi C: Oxygen uptake kinetics in older patients receiving postacute cardiac rehabilitation: Effects of low-intensity aerobic training. : Older patients who receive postacute cardiac rehabilitation improve their physical performance in terms of distance walked ...
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