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Results 401 - 450 of 748
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Burke Wendy S - - 2002
Rotator cuff weakness has been implicated as a cause of subacromial impingement. Numerous exercises have been advocated to strengthen the rotator cuff, particularly the supraspinatus. The clinical rationale and two exercises advocated for strengthening the supraspinatus, the empty can and the full can, were evaluated. By understanding how these exercises ...
Heikkilä S - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether the Dougados Functional Index (DFI) with 5-point Likert scale is sensitive enough to demonstrate the efficacy of intensive physiotherapy and exercise. METHODS: Eight-one consecutive patients with spondyloarthropathy (SpA) completed self-administered questionnaires on functional analysis, the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional ...
Volpe Bruce T - - 2002
Stroke is the leading cause of permanent disability despite continued advances in prevention and novel interventional treatments. Post-stroke neuro-rehabilitation programs teach compensatory strategies that alter the degree of permanent disability. Robotic devices are new tools for therapists to deliver enhanced sensorimotor training and concentrate on impairment reduction. Results from several ...
Solomon David - - 2002
The mainstay of treatment is a specialized form of physical therapy that intentionally induces symptoms of dizziness with head movements, moving visual targets, and changes in position. Patients must be motivated to experience discomfort during the early stages of rehabilitation, doing the types of activities that they likely have been ...
Montan Per G - - 2002
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and kinetics of prophylactic intracameral cefuroxime in cataract surgery. SETTING: Department of Ophthalmology, St. Eriks Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden. METHODS: In a nonrandomized observer-masked best-case trial, the visual rehabilitation and the evolution of laser flare intensity and corneal endothelial cell density after cataract surgery were assessed ...
Lan Ching - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of a 3-mo training program for patients with either a percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) or a coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). DESIGN: Forty-four patients participated in a 3-mo outpatient cardiac rehabilitation program. Graded exercise tests with gas analysis ...
van Houten C D - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of a cardiac rehabilitation programme based on the guidelines of the Dutch Heart Association (DHA). DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial with a waiting list control group. SETTING: Outpatient clinic of Rehabilitation Centre Amsterdam. SUBJECTS: Forty patients with a first myocardial infarction. INTERVENTIONS: Immediately after randomization the ...
Basse L - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Postoperative organ dysfunction contributes to morbidity, hospital stay and convalescence. Multimodal rehabilitation with epidural analgesia, early oral feeding, mobilization and laxative use after colonic resection has reduced ileus and hospital stay. METHODS: Fourteen patients receiving conventional care (group 1) and 14 patients who had multimodal rehabilitation (group 2) were ...
Mercer T H - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a program of low-volume exercise rehabilitation on the functional capacity and self-reported functional status of nonanemic dialysis patients. DESIGN: This was a controlled study in a clinical setting with a repeated measures design. Functional capacity and functional status ...
Church Timothy S - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: Our purpose was to examine the effect of cardiac rehabilitation and exercise training on blood rheology in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). Although increased blood and plasma viscosity have been associated with an increased risk of CHD, the effects of cardiac rehabilitation and exercise training on blood rheology ...
Cheng Tavia Yuk Ling - - 2002
This study evaluates the effectiveness of graded physical exercise on self-efficacy and exercise tolerance among a group of cardiac patients (N = 43). These patients were aged from 41 years to 82 years (mean age = 63.5 years, SD = 10.0 years). Results of the study show that efficacy of ...
Hales Jeremiah - - 2002
STUDY DESIGN: Repeated-measures analysis of variance: within-subject study using six adult subjects with varying degrees of scoliosis. OBJECTIVES: To develop methodology to measure the effects of axial spinal unloading using the LTX3000 Lumbar Rehabilitation System (Spinal Design International Inc., Minneapolis, MN) over a 3-month period on subjects with idiopathic scoliosis. ...
Rydmark Martin - - 2002
The objective of this pilot study is to identify the level of difficulty in which subjects with left hemisphere damage in the acute phase after stroke can start practicing in a virtual environment. Second, to test an application of Virtual Reality technology to existing occupational treatment methods in stroke rehabilitation ...
Vad Vijay - - 2002
Osteoarthritis of the knee is a common condition that afflicts millions of individuals annually. The benefits of exercise are self evident as athletes and middle-aged individuals grow older, and the focus has centered on pain-free participation in their sports and activities. In the past, medical treatment has primarily relied on ...
Dobbe J G G - - 2002
The use of early mobilization during rehabilitation of a finger after flexor tendon repair in zone II has achieved worldwide acceptance. Different exercise instructions are given to patients in different clinics, however. When using Kleinert dynamic splinting, some hand therapists instruct patients to exercise 10 times an hour, while others ...
Volpe B T - - 2001
Stroke is the leading cause of disability, despite continued advances in prevention and treatment techniques based on novel delivery of new fibrinolytic drugs. Improved medical treatment of the complications caused by acute stroke has contributed to decreased mortality, but 90% of the survivors have significant neurological deficits. Reducing the degree ...
Menier R - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The aim of this work was to improve the efficacy of rehabilitation by retraining, by oral supply in branched-chain aminoacids (BCAA). Patients with chronic respiratory insufficiency mainly suffer from obstructive bronchitis due to tobacco or asthma. Nutritional assessment is one of the components of respiratory rehabilitation, with retraining. Intense ...
Lavie C J - - 2001
The authors review several studies from the Ochsner Heart and Vascular Institute showing the benefits of formal phase II cardiac rehabilitation and exercise training programs in elderly patients with coronary artery disease, including benefits on plasma lipids, obesity indices, exercise capacity, peak oxygen consumption, behavioral characteristics (especially depression), and quality ...
Carlson J J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Self-efficacy and social support are established determinants of exercise adherence and have potential usefulness for tailoring independent exercise regimens for cardiac patients. Highly supervised traditional cardiac rehabilitation programs may be a barrier for independent exercise self-efficacy in low - and moderate-risk patients. PURPOSE: The authors evaluated changes in psychosocial ...
Kibler W B - - 2001
Closed-chain exercise protocols are used extensively in rehabilitation of knee injuries and are increasingly used in rehabilitation of shoulder injuries. They are felt to be preferable to other exercise programs in that they simulate normal physiologic and biomechanical functions, create little shear stress across injured or healing joints, and reproduce ...
Kim, Youngsik
Development of a telemetry system using FM stereo method for exercising rehabilitation patients was performed in this study. The transmitting unit detects and sends two kinds of patient's vital signals, respiration and heart sound signal, simultaneously. The stationary receiving unit receives and analyzes the signals and alerts a nurse to ...
Koufaki P - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine the interday reproducibility of peak and submaximal exercise tolerance of patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). DESIGN: Repeated measures. SETTING: Day-patient rehabilitation center. PARTICIPANTS: Twelve consecutively presenting, self-selected patients with ESRD. INTERVENTIONS: All patients performed peak exercise tolerance assessments on a cycle ergometer up to the point ...
Cetin A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Kleinert (active extension, rubber-band passive flexion) and Duran (passive extension, passive flexion) protocols are two basic types of early motion programs for rehabilitation of flexor tendon injuries. Researchers have been working on various modifications or combinations of these two protocols to improve rehabilitation results. The purpose of this study ...
Strupp M - - 2001
Acute unilateral vestibular failure is characterized by rotatory vertigo, horizontal-rotatory nystagmus, and postural imbalance, all of which last from days to weeks. These signs and symptoms are caused by a vestibular tone imbalance between the two labyrinths. Recovery results from a combination of peripheral restoration of labyrinthine function (usually incomplete) ...
Sexton-Radek K - - 2001
The Hydrotrack, a treadmill immersed in a water bath, is designed to provide an in-office approach to aquatic therapy. 24 clinical clients in an outpatient sports medicine practice were invited to use the Hydrotrack as part of their rehabilitation treatment. Our purpose was to describe the way(s) in which the ...
Jackson D - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the capacity of brain-injured patients to participate in an aerobic exercise programme early after injury. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of exercise achievements in patients participating in a randomized controlled trial. SETTING AND SUBJECTS: Ninety patients participated in an exercise training programme on a cycle ergometer at four inpatient ...
O'Neill B M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) programmes improve exercise tolerance and reduce breathlessness in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. AIM: A retrospective audit was undertaken to assess the effectiveness of the pulmonary rehabilitation programme at Belfast City Hospital (BCH). METHODS: Data from 74 patients who completed a six-week PR programme were ...
Dwyer J - - 2001
A pilot's license to operate aircraft is not valid unless it is accompanied by a medical certificate. This certificate is revoked if a pilot is diagnosed with a cardiovascular illness. After a lengthy waiting period, the medical certificate may be reinstated if the pilot meets rigid standards. For many pilots, ...
Jack D - - 2001
A personal computer (PC)-based desktop virtual reality (VR) system was developed for rehabilitating hand function in stroke patients. The system uses two input devices, a CyberGlove and a Rutgers Master II-ND (RMII) force feedback glove, allowing user interaction with a virtual environment. This consists of four rehabilitation routines, each designed ...
Aggarwal A - - 2001
As the population of elderly patients with cardiovascular disease continues to increase, much research needs to be done with the goal of maintaining physical functioning and personal independence in this population. It is of particular importance to determine whether training programs can improve physical functioning in the most severely disabled ...
Bingisser R M - - 2001
STUDY/PRINCIPLES: Pulmonary rehabilitation programmes are often costly and dependent on the infrastructure of specialised centres. We developed a modular, outpatient-based rehabilitation programme, which is inexpensive and can be implemented in a variety of settings. The aim of this study was to determine the effects and feasibility of this programme. Thirteen ...
Cooper C B - - 2001
Endurance exercise training (EXT) is singly the most important aspect of rehabilitation for patients with chronic pulmonary disease. When effective, this modality of physical reconditioning leads to improved functional exercise capacity and reduced breathlessness. Early implementation is desirable to obtain more meaningful responses (e.g., when FEV1 falls below 50% of ...
Moreau C E - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical management of recurrent shoulder instability in a professional hockey player by using chiropractic management and rehabilitation exercises. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 23-year-old professional hockey player with recurrent left shoulder pain and instability. He had two previous unsuccessful shoulder operations to correct the instability. He reported that ...
Hannah S D - - 2001
This study examines which of three splint designs most effectively improved hand function in a patient with radial nerve palsy, and demonstrates the application of a single-subject experimental design. The static volar wrist cock-up splint (splint 1), dynamic tenodesis suspension splint (splint 2), and dorsal wrist cock-up with dynamic finger ...
Kibler W B - - 2001
This framework for rehabilitation is consistent with the proximal-to-distal kinetic chain biomechanical model and applies current concepts of motor control and closed chain exercises. This framework approaches the final goal--glenohumeral motion and function-through facilitation by scapular control, and scapular control through facilitation by hip and trunk activation. This article supplies ...
Baselli G - - 2001
A new device for the assessment of instantaneous angular and linear accelerations of the head is presented, which is based on four linear tri-axial accelerometers suitably attached to the head by an helmet. A procedure for reproducible helmet placement and calibration is given. A method is also illustrated to work ...
Higgins H C - - 2001
This prospective study evaluated the effect of an individualized, comprehensive, home-based cardiac rehabilitation program combining exercise training with risk factor modification and psychosocial counseling on risk factors, psychological well-being, functional capacity, and work resumption in 99 post-percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) patients randomized to control (standard care plus telephone follow-up, n=49) ...
Kesselring J - - 2001
A true paradigm shift or revolution of thinking is taking place in the field of neurology. Earlier, it was regarded as the science of exact diagnosis of incurable illnesses, according to the resigned dogma that damage to the central nervous system could not be repaired: "Once development is complete, the ...
Song R - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a 12-week cardiac rehabilitation exercise program on the motivation and lifestyle of persons recovering from a recent heart attack or cardiac-related procedures. DESIGN: The study design was a pretest and posttest quasi-experimental, nonrandom assignment. SETTING: The study was ...
White R D - - 2001
Exercise testing is useful in assessing physical fitness, determining functional capacity, diagnosing ischemic heart disease, defining the prognosis of ischemic heart disease, developing an exercise prescription, and guiding cardiac rehabilitation. This article outlines the current indications, contraindications, and special considerations for exercise testing. Specific protocols are discussed along with physician ...
Teixeira da Cunha Filho I - - 2001
The purpose of this pilot study was to compare differences in motor recovery between regular rehabilitation (REG), and regular rehabilitation with supported treadmill ambulation training (STAT) using the performance on a bicycle exercise test and the locomotor scale of the Functional Independence Measure (FIM-L). Twelve patients with acute strokes were ...
McGill S M - - 2001
Low back stability: from formal description to issues for performance and rehabilitation. Exerc. Sport Sci. Rev. Vol. 29, No. 1, pp. 26-31, 2001. The concept of stability, together with notions of design and the application of stabilization exercise, is briefly synthesized. The objective is to challenge muscle systems to achieve ...
Murray K - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Dizziness and balance problems are two commonly reported symptoms of vestibular system disease, with subsequent alterations in lifestyle and reports of physical, functional and emotional handicap. Vestibular rehabilitation therapy (VRT) was developed to improve the functional status of patients with vestibular dysfunction. The aim of the present ...
Shepherd R B - - 2001
Neurorehabilitation is increasingly taking account of scientific findings. Research areas directing stroke rehabilitation are neurophysiology; adaptability to use and activity; biomechanics; skill learning; and exercise science (task, context specificity). Understanding impairments and adaptations enables a reappraisal of interventions-for example, changes in motor control resulting from impairments (decreased descending inputs, reduced ...
Kodis J - - 2001
PURPOSE: Despite the documented benefits of participating in rehabilitation programs, access to cardiac rehabilitation is limited for a large number of people with coronary artery disease (CAD). There is potential to increase participation in exercise training if home-based exercise were a viable option. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective database review ...
Kouidi E J - - 2001
Renal replacement treatment options are life-saving treatments for patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). However, prolonged survival in patients with ESRD is associated with various functional and morphological disorders from almost all systems. Anaemia, deconditioning, cardiac dysfunction. impairment of cardiac autonomic control and skeletal muscle weakness and fatigue, primarily because ...
LisiƄski P - - 2001
The treatment of patients with cerebral palsy requires the coordination of orthopedic procedures and rehabilitation, using neurophysiological methods. One such method is hippotherapy, which involves the utilization of horseback riding to stimulate the patient's normal reactions. The goal of hippotherapy is to stimulate locomotion, improve the balance and coordination of ...
Thompson P D - - 2001
Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation is currently underused, even though exercise is one of the few nonsurgical interventions that can make heart disease patients feel better physically and mentally. Benefits include increased muscle strength, lowered heart rate, increased stroke volume, and increased submaximal and maximal working capacity. Patients in cardiac rehabilitation programs, ...
Kohzuki M - - 2000
The objective of this study was to rehabilitate a patient with hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS) who underwent living-related orthotopic liver transplantation (LT). HPS is rare; it presents severe complication in patients with liver disease. A 17-year-old woman with HPS developed portal hypertension after undergoing Kasai's surgery for congenital biliary atresia and ...
Donker F J - - 2000
An overview is given of the current status of cardiac rehabilitation and its effects on morbidity and mortality. While there is an emphasis in most current programs upon physical exercise as an important autonomous risk factor for Coronary Heart Disease (CHD), there is at the same time a tendency in ...
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