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Results 351 - 400 of 748
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Hayes Kimberley - - 2004
The optimal form of rehabilitation after rotator cuff repair has yet to be determined. A randomised clinical trial was undertaken to compare outcomes for two forms of rehabilitation for this condition: individualised supervised physiotherapy treatment, and a standardised unsupervised home exercise regime. Fifty-eight volunteers with all sizes of operatively repaired ...
Kamwendo Kitty - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Physical activity plays an important part in preventing coronary artery disease and is targeted in most rehabilitation and education programmes. The aim of the present study was to evaluate stages of change for exercise behaviour in patients with a recent event of coronary artery disease. METHOD: A ...
Stein Joel - - 2004
Impaired motor function after stroke is a major cause of disability in young stroke survivors. The plasticity of the adult human brain provides opportunities to enhance traditional rehabilitation programs for these individuals. Younger stroke patients appear to have a greater ability to recover from stroke and are likely to benefit ...
Hammer Christopher J - - 2004
To present a chiropractic treatment plan for a patient with lumbar disc herniation including radicular symptoms below the knee. A 38-year-old male experienced lumbar disc herniation with radicular symptoms to the lower extremities, below the knee. Etiology of this episode included a traumatic injury which was complicated by chronic degenerative ...
Scheidtmann Klaus - - 2004
Hemiparesis is common after stroke and often severely disabling. Until very recently, the only therapeutic option for motor recovery was physiotherapeutic training. Experimental animal studies have shown that when applied in addition to exercises pharmacological interventions that affect the norepinephrine system can enhance the rate of functional motor recovery. These ...
Estadt Gary M - - 2004
To discuss management of postsurgical lumbar disc herniation using a program of chiropractic manipulation and an active rehabilitation program. The patient was a 54-year-old Caucasian male with a history of acute low back pain and left sciatic pain down the left posterior thigh and lateral calf and numbness in the ...
Datta D - - 2004
Exercise training is considered a necessary component of comprehensive pulmonary rehabilitation. However, to date, there is no consensus on an exercise training strategy for pulmonary rehabilitation, and this has resulted in varied approaches to this intervention in its literature. As in healthy individuals, the effect of exercise training on patients ...
Dozza M M Department of Electronic, Computer Science & Systems, Bologna University, - - 2004
This paper introduces a portable audio-biofeedback (ABF) system that encodes the signals provided by a linear accelerometric sensor into a stereo sound. This sound is relayed to the subjects via headphones and can enhance the ability of subjects to perceive trunk accelerations. We tested this system on nine healthy subjects ...
Gosselin Nadège - - 2003
The effect of endurance training on muscle electrical activity during general exercise testing was investigated in physically active patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Before and after rehabilitation, patients performed identical incremental exercise tests. Pulmonary gas exchange, venous lactate and pyruvate concentrations, and the quadriceps electromyographic signal were sampled ...
Millett Peter J - - 2003
This paper describes the postoperative rehabilitation of the arthrofibrotic knee, with specific emphasis on modern rehabilitation techniques. The significance of prevention and early recognition is discussed. The importance of early motion and patellar mobility is emphasized and specific exercises to prevent and treat stiffness are described. Continuous passive motion, bracing, ...
Oh Eui-Geum - - 2003
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a home-based pulmonary rehabilitation program on lung function, dyspnea, exercise tolerance, and quality of life in 23 Koreans with moderate to severe chronic lung disease. The outcome measures were forced expiratory volume in 1s (FEV1, % predicted), Borg score, ...
Emery Charles F - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Exercise has been associated with improved cognitive performance among patients with coronary artery disease. Music listening has been associated with enhanced cognitive functioning among healthy adults. This study evaluated the combined influence of exercise and music listening on cognitive performance among patients in cardiac rehabilitation (CR). DESIGN AND SETTING: ...
Bhambhani Yagesh - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To examine the test-retest reliability of acute physiologic responses in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). DESIGN: Repeated measures within 1 week. SETTING: Brain injury rehabilitation program and community rehabilitation hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-six inpatients or their legal guardians. INTERVENTIONS: Each patient performed a symptom-limited incremental cycle ergometer test to ...
Tawney Katherine W - - 2003
Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) are encumbered by disabilities in spite of advances in medical treatments. Research shows that exercise training is one way to improve physical work capacity and reduce functional limitations that impede role behaviors, such as shopping, personal care, homemaking, and yard maintenance. However, exercise training ...
Cirio S - - 2003
The general aim of an ICU respiratory rehabilitation programme is to improve the patient's measured quality of life. It can be done by applying advanced therapeutic modalities in order to improve the remaining functions and to decrease the patient's dependency as well as the risks associated with an ICU admission. ...
Dimeff Robert J - - 2003
Symptoms of entrapment neuropathies are often intermittent, making the diagnosis a challenge; pain, paresthesias, exertional fatigue, weakness, and atrophy may be present. An accurate, detailed history and physical examination, often after activity, is essential to make an accurate diagnosis. Laboratory, radiographic, and electromyographic studies may be helpful, but are often ...
Nirschl Robert P - - 2003
The pathoanatomy of overuse tendinopathy is noninflammatory angiofibroblastic tendinosis. The areas of elbow abnormality are specific, including the ECRB-EDC complex laterally, the pronator teres, flexor carpi radialis medially, and triceps posteriorly. The goals of nonoperative treatment are to revitalize the unhealthy pain-producing tendinosis tissue. The key to nonoperative treatment is ...
Kibler W Ben - - 2003
Rehabilitation of the dysfunction that is associated with rotator cuff tendinopathy should be based on the evidence known about the pathoetiology of the tendinopathy, what is known about the extent of the local anatomic injury, the local and distant physiological and biomechanical alterations, and on the knowledge developed regarding progressive ...
Cook Jill L - - 2003
Tendon rehabilitation requires an extensive assessment, and identification of deficits that impact on sporting performance. Rehabilitation must address all these deficits and may take several months. Return to sport may require short- or long-term load modification. Surgery also requires a long recovery time, and may not guarantee a return to ...
Kligfield Paul - - 2003
The effect of exercise training on the heart rate recovery (HRR) response to submaximal effort was examined in 81 patients during 12 weeks of phase II cardiac rehabilitation. Although HRR after submaximal effort was relatively reduced in older patients with heart disease and in women, its increase during exercise training ...
Topp Robert - - 2003
This case study presents MV, a 78-year-old woman who was being treated pharmacologically for several common chronic health problems and who presented with self-reported and observed limitations in her functional ability. After being screened for contraindications to exercise, MV participated in a 16-week rehabilitation program of regular exercise that included ...
Troy Blackburn J - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Anecdotal evidence suggests that use of Exercise Sandals results in a number of positive clinical outcomes. However, little research has been conducted to determine their efficacy objectively. Our purposes were to determine the effect of Exercise Sandals on lower leg electromyography (EMG) during activities in the Exercise Sandals and ...
Steele Bonnie G - - 2003
A primary goal of pulmonary rehabilitation is to improve health and life quality by encouraging participants to engage in exercise and to increase daily physical activity. The recent advent of motion sensors, including digital pedometers and accelerometers that measure motion as a continuous variable, have added precision to the measurement ...
Hoo Guy W Soo - - 2003
Exercise training is the cornerstone of pulmonary rehabilitation. However, patients may not be able to exercise at a level that produces a training effect because of limitations related to their underlying lung disease. Adjuncts during exercise training may increase their exercise capacity and increase the benefit of pulmonary rehabilitation. The ...
Herdman Susan J SJ Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta, Ga., USA. - - 2003
To determine the effect of vestibular exercises on the recovery of visual acuity during head movement in patients with unilateral vestibular hypofunction. Prospective, randomized, double-blind study. Ambulatory referral center. Twenty-one patients with unilateral vestibular hypofunction, aged 20 to 86 years. One group (13 patients) performed vestibular exercises designed to enhance ...
Canning Colleen G - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of intensive practice of sit-to-stand on motor performance, exercise capacity and exercise efficiency in traumatic brain-injured patients during early inpatient rehabilitation. DESIGN: Single-blind randomized controlled pilot study. SETTING: Brain injury rehabilitation unit. SUBJECTS: Twenty-four subjects who had recently sustained a severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) ...
Ide Junji - - 2003
We evaluated the results of shoulder-strengthening exercises with our novel shoulder orthosis to stabilize the scapula in 46 patients with multidirectional shoulder instability. We quantified the changes in muscle strength produced by our rehabilitation program. Our study included 34 female patients and 12 male patients (mean age, 20 years) with ...
Brewer Britton W. - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether the relationships between psychological factors and rehabilitation adherence after knee surgery differ as a function of age. DESIGN AND SETTING: Participants completed inventories of self-motivation, social support, athletic identity, and psychological distress before anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. After surgery, participants recorded their completion of home ...
Sveistrup Heidi - - 2003
This paper presents preliminary data from two clinical trials currently underway using flat screen virtual reality (VR) technology for physical rehabilitation. In the first study, we are comparing a VR-delivered exercise program to a conventional exercise program for the rehabilitation of shoulder joint range-of-motion in patients with chronic frozen shoulder. ...
Carson Jeffrey L - - 2003
Most of the published data relating anemia to function have come from clinical trials evaluating recombinant human erythropoietin in end stage renal failure, orthopedic surgery, and patients undergoing cancer-chemotherapy. While most studies were small and underpowered, the results are consistent in showing measurable improvement in fatigue, exercise capacity, muscle strength, ...
Brodie David A - - 2003
PURPOSE: The objective of the study was to establish the difference in the exercise response profile of the enzymes lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), lactate dehydrogenase isoenzyme 1 (LDH-1), creatine kinase (CK), and creatine kinase polypeptide subunit MB (CK-MB) after a 12-wk cardiac rehabilitation exercise program. METHODS: Nineteen male nonblockade recent postmyocardial ...
Kramer John F - - 2003
One hundred sixty patients (mean age, 68 +/- 8 years) having primary total knee arthroplasty were assigned randomly to two rehabilitation programs: (1) clinic-based rehabilitation provided by outpatient physical therapists; or (2) home-based rehabilitation monitored by periodic telephone calls from a physical therapist. Both rehabilitation programs emphasized a common home ...
Chamagne Philippe - - 2003
For functional dystonia in musicians, rehabilitation should be principally psychomotor, including psychotherapy based on analysis of the personality and a global physical education of the corporal scheme--it is a compartmental reeducation. From the time of onset, it is of great importance to the musician that the mechanism at the origin ...
Franklin Barry A - - 2003
Prescribing exercise for cardiac patients is comparable in many ways to prescribing medications; that is, one recommends an optimal dosage according to individual needs and clinical status. Recent research has shown that it is more accurate to prescribe exercise as a percentage of the oxygen uptake reserve (VO2R), which is ...
Kennedy Michael D - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Currently, there are a lack of investigations that have examined the effect of participating in a comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation program on quality of life and physiological measures in women of different ages. The purpose of this investigation was to examine the effect of participating in a comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation ...
Tiukinhoy Susan - - 2003
PURPOSE: Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation has been shown to reduce mortality in patients with coronary artery disease. Although the exact mechanisms by which exercise reduces mortality are unclear, one hypothesis invokes the effect of exercise on autonomic tone. Heart rate recovery (HRR) immediately after exercise is a marker of vagal tone ...
Falkenbach Albrecht - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether patients with ankylosing spondylitis who perform disease-specific exercises more frequently have fewer functional limitations and disability than those who exercise more often. DESIGN: Cross-sectional; retrospective chart review. SETTING: Rehabilitation center in Austria. PARTICIPANTS: A sample of 1,500 patients with ankylosing spondylitis (1,163 men, 337 women; mean ...
Konnur MK
The role of rehabilitation in the management of vertigo is limited to a very specific group of conditions. An Occupational therapist who is a part of the multidisciplinary team treating the vertiginous patient, with the knowledge of physiology and therapeutic benefit of vestibular rehabilitation can widen the rehabilitation spectrum for ...
Fitchet A - - 2003
To investigate the effects of a 12 week comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation (CCR) programme on patients who have undergone implantation of an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD). Sixteen patients with ICDs (14 (88%) male, mean (SD) age 58 (10) years, range 34-74 years) were randomised to either attend an individually tailored CCR programme ...
Routhier Francois - - 2003
PURPOSE: Few standardized outcome measures used in the clinical assessment of wheelchair user performance assess or document all the factors that influence mobility. This article presents a conceptual framework that suggests a more all-encompassing view of wheelchair mobility performance assessment. METHOD: After determining, through a survey of the literature, which ...
Helders Paul J M - - 2003
Paediatric rehabilitation as a discipline is rapidly changing, especially during the last decades. In the past, paediatric rehabilitation was characterized by merely adult intervention strategies in a miniaturized form, delivered by a merely adult patients-oriented profession. Theories on childhood development, however, changed, as did the focus of interventions: from impairments ...
Hevey David - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is widely accepted as beneficial for patients with myocardial infarction (MI) and coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). A need exists to evaluate how different formats of delivery can best meet CR service demands. METHODS AND RESULTS: Cardiac patients (n = 60) were randomly assigned to either ...
Wilk Kevin E - - 2003
The rehabilitation process begins immediately following ACL injury, with emphasis on reducing swelling and inflammation; improving motion; regaining quadriceps control; allowing immediate weight-bearing; and restoring full passive knee extension and, gradually, flexion. The goal of preoperative rehabilitation is to prepare the patient mentally and physically for surgery. Once the ACL ...
Patten Carolynn - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: We present for the first time evidence that vestibulopathy impairs coordination of the head with the body center of gravity (CG) during free speed gait over ground. Vestibulopathic individuals demonstrate uncoordinated movement and gait due, at least in part, to impaired head stability and visual fixation. Vestibular rehabilitation increases ...
Li-Tsang Cecilia W P - - 2002
Occupational therapists in Hong Kong have been very active in the management of patients with traumatic hand injuries due to industrial accidents. Splints have been prescribed as an adjunct to the exercise programme in rehabilitation. Other than the conventional thermoplastic splinting materials, metal hinges, coils and plastic strapping were used ...
Cohen Helen S - - 2002
In order to determine which variables influence recovery from acoustic neuroma resection, acutely postoperative patients were divided into two groups and treated twice daily at bedside as inpatients at a tertiary care center. Treatment times were increased gradually from 5 to 30 min. Exercise subjects underwent passive and active head ...
Mattacola Carl G - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To outline rehabilitation concepts that are applicable to acute and chronic injury of the ankle, to provide evidence for current techniques used in the rehabilitation of the ankle, and to describe a functional rehabilitation program that progresses from basic to advanced, while taking into consideration empirical data from the ...
Evans Roni - - 2002
STUDY DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial. OBJECTIVES: To compare the effects of spinal manipulation combined with low-tech rehabilitative exercise, MedX rehabilitative exercise, or spinal manipulation alone in patient self-reported outcomes over a two-year follow-up period. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: There have been few randomized clinical trials of spinal manipulation and rehabilitative ...
Grange C C - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of a rehabilitation program on the perceived exertion (PE) and the cardioventilatory responses during exercise in healthy people and paraplegics. A group of seven healthy persons (age 26.6 SD 6.2 years) and one of seven paraplegics (age 42 SD 15.9 ...
Robertson Ann R R - - 2002
Clinical and experimental evidence attests to the neurological and psychological benefits of physical exercise. Prescribing exercise for children after cancer has the potential to facilitate recovery, performance and development, with consequent improvement in quality of life and long-term outcome. However, could a school take up the prescription for a child's ...
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