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Results 301 - 350 of 748
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Brown Theodore R - - 2005
It is the coexistence of physical and cognitive impairments, together with emotional and social issues in a disease with an uncertain course, that makes MS rehabilitation unique and challenging. Inpatient rehabilitation improves functional independence but has only limited success improving the level of neurologic impairment. Benefits are usually not long ...
Enticott Joanne C - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess vestibular function in a large group of vestibular schwannoma patients so that we could determine whether simple vestibular exercises speed vestibular dysfunction recovery after tumor removal surgery. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective investigation of the vestibular dysfunction experienced by patients in the first 12 weeks after surgery. SETTING: ...
Na Joo Ock - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIM: To develop a simple and easy home-based pulmonary rehabilitation programme and investigate its effectiveness. METHODS: Patients with stable chronic lung disease were divided into a rehabilitation group (n = 25) and a control group (n = 18). Rehabilitation consisted of education and 12 weeks of enforced aerobic ...
Seidl Rainer O - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To compare the swallowing frequency in patients with neurogenic dysphagia with or without tracheotomy tubes (TT) to assess the underlying mechanisms of dysphagia to improve rehabilitation strategies. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective study, 10 patients (64 +/- 7 years) with neurogenic dysphagia. Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) less than 8 ...
Jobin Jean - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The benefits of exercise training for postmyocardial infarction and postcoronary artery bypass surgery patients are well established, but little is known about the effects of rehabilitation in the months or years following the program. The purpose of this study was to assess exercise capacity, blood lipids, and physical activity ...
Stevinson C - - 2005
A growing body of evidence indicates the potential benefits of exercise for cancer patients but little is known about exercise promotion within cancer services. A postal survey of oncology nurses in UK hospitals was conducted to ascertain the extent to which exercise has a role in cancer care. The survey ...
Alexanderson Helene - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The objective of this review is to provide an update on exercise and clinical assessment in the idiopathic inflammatory myopathies. RECENT FINDINGS: Polymyositis, dermatomyositis and inclusion body myositis are rare conditions with muscle weakness as a common prominent feature. Earlier, these patients were discouraged from active exercise ...
Brewer Bambi R - - 2005
Imperceptible visual distortion, in the form of a disguised progression of performance goals, may be a helpful addition to rehabilitation after stroke and other brain injuries. This paper describes work that has been done to lay the groundwork for testing this hypothesis. We have constructed and validated an experimental environment ...
Kavanagh T - - 2005
Cardiac transplant recipients are often severely deconditioned, the result of their presurgical disease state, and as a consequence are prime candidates for exercise-based rehabilitation. The training regimen, however, needs to take into account the patient's atypical central and peripheral responses to exercise. This review deals with these changes, describes typical ...
Frohm Anna - - 2005
The aim of this work was to evaluate a device that allows for eccentric overload to be applied under controlled and safe conditions and it is applicable in exercises commonly used in training and rehabilitation. The machine contains a barbell, which is lowered and raised by a motor, following a ...
Mertesdorf Frank L - - 2005
When patients in rehabilitation programs use cycle ergometers for aerobic fitness training, the exercise intensity is often restricted to a small range of heart rate. In this study, a wider choice of intensities was left to the patients without giving up the potential to reduce cardiac risks factors. 24 patients ...
Rey-Martínez J - - 2005
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To present the cases of two patients that developed unilateral vestibular hypofunction after systemic treatment with ototoxic agents, although they manifested symptoms more typical of bilateral vestibular hypofunction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The patients were seen after having recovered from their initial illnesses, and both of them ...
Betker A L - - 2005
In this paper, an interactive tool, including three computer games controlled via the center of foot pressure (COP) trajectory biofeedback, was designed to aid in pressure balance for rehabilitating persons with balance disorders. The games interact in real-time with the Vista Medical Force Sensitive Applications software and pressure mat. The ...
Macko R F - - 2005
Stroke is the leading cause of disability in older Americans. Each year 750,000 Americans suffer a stroke, two thirds of whom are left with neurological deficits that persistently impair function. Principal among them is hemiparetic gait that limits mobility and increases fall risk, promoting a sedentary lifestyle. These events propagate ...
Boesch Claudia - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The benefits of exercise training for postmyocardial infarction and postcoronary artery bypass surgery patients are well established, but little is known about the effects of rehabilitation in the months or years following the program. The purpose of this study was to assess exercise capacity, blood lipids, and physical activity ...
Bi Sheng - - 2005
We developed the upper extremity compound movements (UECM) rehabilitation training robot and designed straight-line paths tracking and circle paths tracking exercise based on neurological rehabilitation principles. Rehabilitative exercises should be on hand paths rather than on individual joints. robot can guide patients during forward reaching movements. The exterior oriented circle ...
Teasell Robert - - 2005
In both animal and clinical studies, motor rehabilitation and training increase cortical representation and improve recovery, whereas lack of training decreases cortical representation for particular motor functions. In animals, delays in providing rehabilitation reduce the impact of therapy with a worsening in motor outcomes and a corresponding reduction in cortical ...
Hwan Jeong Sung - - 2005
In this paper, a new rehabilitation training system was developed to improve equilibrium sense control by combining virtual reality technology with a fixed exercise bicycle. In order to evaluate the effectiveness of the training system, twenty normal healthy adults participated as test subjects in the investigation of the influence of ...
Oh Young-Keun - - 2005
In the present study, we investigate mechanisms which to effectively control patients for cardiac rehabilitation. Cardiac rehabilitation exercise includes many things of our present needs and should observe the conditions of the patients accurately at a different level to be sent to physical therapist (PT). The estimated value should be ...
Sniehotta Falko F - - 2005
In cardiac rehabilitation programs, patients learn how to adopt a healthier lifestyle, including regular, strenuous physical activity. Long-term success is only modest despite good intentions. To improve exercise adherence, a 3-group experiment was designed that included innovative psychological interventions. All 3 groups underwent a standard care rehabilitation program. Patients in ...
Tjernström F - - 2005
Research regarding the optimal frequency of training in postural control rehabilitation has been sparse. Posturography with vibratory proprioceptive stimulation was performed with eyes open and closed on 36 healthy subjects divided into 3 groups. Each group was tested 5 times, though with different time-intervals; 20 minutes, 3 hours and 24 ...
Lewis Jeffrey A - - 2005
The Remote Console (ReCon) telerehabilitation system provides a platform for therapists to guide rehabilitation sessions from a remote location. The ReCon system integrates real-time graphics, audio/video communication, private therapist chat, post-test data graphs, extendable patient and exercise performance monitoring, exercise pre-configuration and modification under a single application. These tools give ...
Holopainen Kaj - - 2004
Changes in the physical capacity, musculoskeletal symptoms, and perceived work ability of Finnish Air Force maintenance personnel were studied after vocationally oriented medical rehabilitation (VOMR). Twenty persons with chronic musculoskeletal symptoms in their back or neck took part in VOMR courses. The measurements were carried out at the beginning of ...
Hamm Larry F - - 2004
PURPOSE: Cardiac rehabilitation is an integral component of comprehensive care for patients with coronary heart disease. Although the typical programmatic delivery of outpatient cardiac rehabilitation services often involves 36 sessions over 12 weeks, that format is based more on historical practice than on outcome data. This study aimed to determine ...
Nykänen Matti - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of group rehabilitation and individually dosed rehabilitation in treating chronic low back pain. DESIGN: Institutional rehabilitation intervention in 2 nonrandomized groups with a 6-month post-intervention follow-up. SUBJECTS: Persons with chronic low back pain: 64 group-rehabilitated and 66 individually rehabilitated. Methods: The rehabilitation period for all ...
Cicerone Keith D - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Participation in meaningful life situations is an important aspect of functioning after traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, to date, few studies have included measures of social participation or community integration as outcome measures after TBI rehabilitation. This paper is a selective review of the literature that examines the effects ...
Lacasse Yves - - 2004
Pulmonary rehabilitation comprises a variety of interventions grouped into three main categories: exercise training, education, and psychological support. Typically, patients participate in a programme of exercise rehabilitation 2-3 times a week for 6-12 weeks, at the same time being encouraged to incorporate breathing and stretching exercises as part of their ...
Jayasinghe Satyajit R - - 2004
This review studies the efficacy of yoga in the primary and secondary prevention of ischaemic heart disease and post-myocardial infarction patient rehabilitation. Yoga is an unconventional form of physical exercise that has been practised over a long period of time in the Indian sub-continent. It has gained immense popularity as ...
Kaplan Robert M - - 2004
PURPOSES: To evaluate two generic and two disease-specific measures of health-related quality of life (QOL) using prerandomization data from the National Emphysema Treatment Trial (NETT). METHOD: The analyses used data collected from the 1,218 subjects who were randomized in the NETT. Patients completed evaluations before and after completion of the ...
Vanhees Luc - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Benefits of cardiac rehabilitation with exercise therapy are well-established, although individual reactions are heterogeneous. The identification of determinants of training effects is useful from a prognostic point of view, but data regarding this are scarce. Furthermore, limited data exist on the determinants of complications during exercise in cardiac patients. ...
Evon Donna M - - 2004
Cardiac rehabilitation patients improve cardiorespiratory fitness and quality of life, yet therapeutic processes that produce these changes remain unknown. A cross-lagged panel design was used to determine whether early-treatment enhancement of self-efficacy regarding abilities to change diet and exercise habits and the quality of the patient-staff working alliance predicted late-treatment ...
Page Stephen J - - 2004
Termination of motor rehabilitation is often recommended as patients with cerebrovascular accident (CVA) become more chronic and/or when they fail to respond positively to motor rehabilitation (commonly termed a "plateau"). Managed-care programs frequently reinforce this practice by restricting care to patients responding to therapy and/or to the most acute patients. ...
Kawahira Kazumi - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of the intensive repetition of movements elicited by the facilitation technique to improve voluntary movement of a hemiplegic lower limb in patients with brain damage. DESIGN: A multiple-baseline design (A-B-A-B: A without specific therapy, B with specific therapy) across individuals. PATIENTS: The sample comprised 22 ...
Munneke M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To examine the outcome expectations of RA patients, rheumatologists, and physiotherapists regarding high intensity exercise programmes compared with conventional exercise programmes. METHODS: An exercise outcome expectations questionnaire was administered to 807 RA patients, 153 rheumatologists, and 624 physiotherapists. The questionnaire consisted of four statements regarding positive and negative outcomes ...
Fasoli Susan E - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To study the effects of robotic rehabilitation in persons with chronic motor impairments after stroke and to examine whether improvements in motor abilities were sustained 4 months after the end of therapy. DESIGN: Pretest-posttest design. SETTING: Rehabilitation hospital, outpatient care. PARTICIPANTS: Volunteer sample of 42 persons with persistent hemiparesis ...
Phillips Edward M - - 2004
This article addresses the motivation of elders to initiate exercise. It is part of the study guide on geriatric rehabilitation in the Self-Directed Physiatric Education Program for practitioners and trainees in physical medicine and rehabilitation and geriatric medicine. This article specifically focuses on the health benefits of exercise, describes a ...
Synder Marek - - 2004
Background. Total knee alloplasty (TKA) is standard treatment for advanced gonarthrosis. Proper rehabilitation of the operated joint and the patient is essential in order to achieve a satisfactory functional outcome. The aim of our study was to compare rehabilitation methods used for patients recovering from TKA in the Orthopedic Clinic ...
Katsura Hideki - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term effects of pulmonary rehabilitation in elderly COPD patients, we monitored patients for 1 year after they completed a 2-week inpatient pulmonary rehabilitation program. We also compared the effects of pulmonary rehabilitation on young-elderly (age 65-74 years) and old-elderly (age 75 years or over) COPD patients. ...
Yohannes Abebaw M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Respiratory disease is a common cause of disability in middle and late life. Pulmonary rehabilitation programmes improve exercise capacity and quality of life in patients with chronic lung diseases. However, currently, in the UK the availability of pulmonary rehabilitation programmes and their characteristics are unknown. METHODS: We surveyed pulmonary ...
Ozdirenç Mehtap - - 2004
PURPOSE: This study was planned to evaluate the acute effects of a short-term in-patient physiotherapy program on functional capacity in hospitalised type II diabetic patients. METHODS: Forty four hospitalised type II diabetic patients in continuing medical care at Dokuz Eylül University Hospital were included in this study. Twenty three of ...
Taylor Rod S - - 2004
PURPOSE: To review the effectiveness of exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation in patients with coronary heart disease. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials was undertaken. Databases such as MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library were searched up to March 2003. Trials with 6 or more months of follow-up ...
Joo Kee-Chan - - 2004
PURPOSE: For patients starting a cardiac rehabilitation program, exercise intensity often is set 20 beats per minute above the standing resting heart rate (RHR+20) or in a range of 11 to 13 on Borg's Scale for Rating of Perceived Exertion (RPE 11-13). The purpose of this study was to determine ...
Ferrari Marcello - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects on exercise tolerance and quality of life of an outpatient rehabilitation program implemented at home without a physiotherapist's direct supervision in patients with chronic obstructive lung disease. DESIGN: Patients with moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease were studied. The rehabilitation ...
Barker Michael - - 2004
Physical exercise is increasingly recognized as a valuable diagnostic and therapeutic modality for patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). We sought to characterize the use of exercise testing and training as well as the attitude toward both issues through a national survey. A questionnaire was sent to 107 specialized CF centers ...
Peurala Sinikka H - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Physical exercise therapy in sensorimotor rehabilitation of stroke patients includes active and repetitive exercise and task-specific training. The time spent in active practice is fundamental. The purpose of this study was to analyse what was the actual amount of exercise and content of the performed exercise of ...
Milani Richard V - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to assess the effects of three-month formal phase II cardiac rehabilitation and exercise training programs on high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (HSCRP) levels in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). BACKGROUND: High-sensitivity C-reactive protein is associated with abdominal adiposity and other CHD risk factors and is a ...
Taimela S - - 2004
Musculoskeletal disorders of which low back pain (LBP) accounts for more than 50% are now the most common cause of chronic incapacity in industrialized countries. The traditional approach in looking for the reason (etiology) for musculoskeletal disorders is to search structural failures but, in most cases, it is difficult to ...
Cohen Helen S - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Many papers describe vestibular rehabilitation programmes to reduce vertigo and disequilibrium caused by peripheral vestibular disorders, but few studies have assessed performance on purposeful activities. This study determined if performance on a purposeful activity improves after vestibular rehabilitation exercises, and if the speed of treatment exercises influences performance. SETTING: ...
Schaefer Karen Moore - - 2004
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a chronic, potentially disabling, cluster of symptoms that manifests as pain for 3 months or more and pain with pressure on 11 of 18 tender points throughout the body. Because there is no known cause, and therefore, no cure, treatment focuses on the control or relief of ...
Topuz Oya - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of vestibular rehabilitation exercises on patients with chronic unilateral vestibular dysfunction. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinic and Otolaryngology Clinic of a tertiary referral hospital. SUBJECTS: One-hundred and twenty-five patients with unilateral chronic vestibular dysfunction were included in the study. INTERVENTIONS: Eight-week, ...
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