Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 748
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Kouidi Evangelia - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To address whether transtelephonic electrocardiographic monitoring (TEM) of patients with chronic cardiac diseases, being exercised in public gyms, is safe and efficacious. DESIGN: Data were obtained from 91 patients (72 men and 19 women; with a mean (SD) age of 56 (6) years and over a total of 11 ...
Pavy Bruno - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Cardiac rehabilitation is widely recognized as a medical management procedure that reduces mortality, but the cardiovascular safety of exercise training has not been clearly established. Published data are retrospective or outdated, as patient management has substantially progressed in recent years. The aim of this prospective registry was to determine ...
Georgiadou O - - 2007
In order to investigate underlying mechanisms, the present authors studied the effect of pulmonary rehabilitation on the regulation of total chest wall and compartmental (ribcage, abdominal) volumes during exercise in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. In total, 20 patients (forced expiratory volume in one second, mean +/- SEM 39 ...
Lau-Walker Margaret - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To assess the measures of illness representation components in predicting measures of self-efficacy in patients with coronary heart disease. DESIGN: A longitudinal design was adopted with predictor variables and dependent variables (general self-efficacy, diet self-efficacy and exercise self-efficacy) measured twice while participants were in hospital and 9 months following ...
Suzuki Makoto - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To identify predictors of the recovery of independent dressing ability after stroke. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Rehabilitation unit at a university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-three consecutive stroke patients were enrolled in the study. Twelve patients were not able to complete the study because they were discharged or transferred to ...
Kays Stephanie - - 2006
Parallel to the growing number of adults over age 65 years and the increasing use of exercise in geriatric medicine to improve function and decrease fall risk, recent advances in the treatment of geriatric dysphagia have focused on rehabilitating swallowing function with active exercise. Specific changes in central neural pathways ...
Sanchez Robert J - - 2006
An important goal in rehabilitation engineering is to develop technology that allows individuals with severe motor impairment to practice arm movement without continuous supervision from a rehabilitation therapist. This paper describes the development of such a system, called Therapy WREX or ("T-WREX"). The system consists of an orthosis that assists ...
Rhodes Jonathan - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Past studies have documented the acute benefits of cardiac rehabilitation in children with congenital heart disease. It is not known whether these benefits persist. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifteen patients, ages 8 to 17 years, with complex congenital heart disease, whose exercise function immediately after a 12-week cardiac rehabilitation program ...
Patel Sheila - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that motoneuron excitability in stroke subjects is influenced by peripheral sensory input through passive exercise to the hemiplegic upper extremity. DESIGN: Case-control prospective study. SETTING: Physical medicine and rehabilitation inpatient and outpatient clinic at a tertiary Veterans Affairs medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Nineteen hemiplegic adult subjects ...
Wu Shyi-Kuen - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The autonomic dysfunction is known to adversely affect clinical outcome in patients with cardiovascular disease, and exercise training has been shown to modify the sympathovagal control of heart rate. The purposes of this study were to investigate the effect of cardiac rehabilitation on heart rate recovery in patients who ...
Stevinson C - - 2006
A growing body of evidence indicates the benefits of exercise as a rehabilitation intervention for cancer patients. However, few hospitals offer exercise-based rehabilitation programmes to patients. This study evaluated the feasibility and acceptability of a group-based exercise programme for cancer patients attending a local oncology centre. The intervention consisted of ...
Houtsma J A - - 2006
Since the number of stroke patients is ever growing, and since studies show that the patients can benefit from more exercise, the possible use of virtual reality and haptic devices in the rehabilitation of stroke patients is researched. Besides offering more independent and challenging exercise possibilities, the inherent registration capabilities ...
Belardinelli Romualdo - - 2006
Patients referred for cardiac rehabilitation may benefit from combining trimetazidine with exercise training because both treatments produce synergic benefits on the cardiovascular system. There is evidence that trimetazidine improves left ventricular (LV) function in patients with ischemic and diabetic cardiomyopathy by shifting the cellular energy substrate reference from fatty acids ...
Chouinard Philippe A - - 2006
We used a perturb-and-measure approach, by combining transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and positron emission tomography (PET), to examine changes in the primary motor area (M1) and its effective connectivity in stroke patients with chronic motor deficits (>1-year post-stroke) who underwent 3 weeks of constraint-induced movement therapy. During the 3-week period, ...
Weiss H-R - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Physiotherapy programmes so far mainly address the lateral deformity of scoliosis, a few aim at the correction of rotation and only very few address the sagittal profile. Meanwhile, there is evidence that correction forces applied in the sagittal plane are also able to correct the scoliotic deformity in the ...
Jaruga Maciej - - 2006
Wrist joints form one of the most complicated mechanism of the human body. Both, mobility and stability of the wrist needs a balance between structural elements and applied force. Wrist instability has a complex pathology and the advancement in its understanding helps in operative treatment and rehabilitation. The article presents ...
Donaldson Barry L - - 2006
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Discectomy is the surgery of choice for the lumbosacral radicular syndrome. Previous studies on the postsurgical management of these cases compare one exercise regime to another. This study compares an exercise-based group with a control group involving no formal exercise or rehabilitation. PURPOSE: The outcomes of a formal ...
De Wit Liesbet - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Physiotherapy (PT) and occupational therapy (OT) are key components of stroke rehabilitation. Little is known about their content. This study aimed to define and compare the content of PT and OT for stroke patients between 4 European rehabilitation centers. METHODS: In each center, 15 individual PT and ...
Lewis Jeffrey A - - 2006
The Remote Console (ReCon) is a telerehabilitation application that allows therapists to remotely communicate with patients while monitoring and controlling their virtual rehabilitation exercises. It provides therapists visual feedback of patients' movements, their exercise simulations replicated in real time and with tools to conduct training without a face-to-face session. The ...
Kuttuva Manjuladevi - - 2006
Stroke is one of the leading causes of death and disability worldwide. Its prevalence calls for innovative rehabilitation methods. The Rutgers Arm is a novel upper extremity rehabilitation system consisting of a low-friction table, three-dimensional (3D) tracker, custom forearm support, PC workstation, library of Java 3D virtual reality (VR) exercises, ...
Crosbie J H - - 2006
Our group has developed a relatively low-cost virtual reality (VR) system for rehabilitation of the upper limb following stroke. Our system is immersive in that the participant views a representation of their arm and hand, reaching and retrieving objects in the virtual environment (VE), through a head-mounted display (HMD). This ...
Spruit Martijn A - - 2006
Although lung cancer is a highly prevalent type of cancer, the effects of an inpatient multidisciplinary rehabilitation program on pulmonary function and exercise capacity have never been studied in these patients. Pulmonary function, 6-min walking distance and peak exercise capacity of 10 patients with a severely impaired pulmonary function following ...
Bloom D R - - 2006
Cosmetic dentistry has evolved with the advent of more robust porcelain materials and ever-stronger bonding agents. This series of three articles aims to provide a practical overview of what is now possible both functionally and cosmetically from the preparation of a small number of teeth, through a whole smile, to ...
Stewart Kim C - - 2006
OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN: Bilateral movement training is being increasingly used as a post-stroke motor rehabilitation protocol. The contemporary emphasis on evidence-based medicine warrants a prospective meta-analysis to determine the overall effectiveness of rehabilitating with bilateral movements. METHODS: After searching reference lists of bilateral motor recovery articles as well as PubMed ...
Giorgino Toni - - 2006
Stroke and other neurological accidents account for a wide fraction of the healthcare costs in industrialised societies. The last step in the chain of recovery from a neurological event often includes motor rehabilitation. While current motion-sensing technologies are inadequate for automated monitoring of rehabilitation exercises at home, conductive elastomers are ...
de Rezende Laura Ferreira - - 2006
AIMS AND BACKGROUND: We attempted to determine the best method of performing the exercises in rehabilitation after breast cancer surgery and their influence on postoperative complications. Currently, there are no guidelines for these exercises. The scope of this study was to evaluate the effect of two schemes of physiotherapy exercises ...
Feazadeh Avraham - - 2006
Vertigo and dizziness are common symptoms in the general population. While the clinical picture is well known and widely described, there are different interpretations of Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo. The purpose of this case report was to describe the treatment of a 56 year old woman with complains of positional ...
Gottshall Kim R - - 2006
STUDY DESIGN: Four groups, between-subjects study. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of exercise on adaptation of normal subjects who had been artificially spatially disoriented. BACKGROUND: Many patients referred for rehabilitation experience sensory changes, due to age or disease processes, and these changes affect motor skill. The best way to train ...
Kahn Leonard E - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Providing active assistance to complete desired arm movements is a common technique in upper extremity rehabilitation after stroke. Such active assistance may improve recovery by affecting somatosensory input, motor planning, spasticity or soft tissue properties, but it is labor intensive and has not been validated in controlled ...
Weiss Hans-Rudolf - - 2006
A new ADL (Activities of Daily Living) approach in scoliosis rehabilitation has been designed. The ADL approach uses Side-Shift, physiologic(R), 3D-ADL exercises and Schroth exercises according to current standard. It was compared to an exercise based scoliosis rehabilitation that mainly uses Schroth exercises and as an add-on the training of ...
ZuWallack R - - 2006
Although pulmonary rehabilitation has proven effectiveness in multiple outcome areas, the optimum duration of this intervention is not clear. We evaluated in an observational study the trajectory of change in upper and lower extremity exercise performance, exertional dyspnea and health status over the course of 12 weeks (24 sessions) of ...
Saxton John M - - 2006
Testosterone deficiency is a common occurrence in men with chronic heart failure (CHF) and may underpin features of advanced disease, including reduced skeletal muscle mass and fatigue. It is positively correlated with cardiac output and exercise capacity in patients with CHF, whereas a significant improvement in both these parameters has ...
Bouassida Anissa A Laboratory of Cardio-Circulatory, Respiratory, Metabolic and Hormonal Adaptations to the Muscular Exercise , Faculty of Medicine Ibn El Jazzar, 4002 Sousse, - - 2006
Parathyroid hormone (PTH) is the major hormone regulating calcium metabolism and is involved in both catabolic and anabolic actions on bone. Intermittent PTH exposure can stimulate bone formation and bone mass when PTH has been injected. In contrast, continuous infusion of PTH stimulates bone resorption. PTH concentration may be affected ...
Weaver Frances - - 2005
OBJECT: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) to treat advanced Parkinson disease (PD) has been focused on one of two anatomical targets: the subthalamic nucleus (STN) and the globus pallidus internus (GPI). Authors of more than 65 articles have reported on bilateral DBS outcomes. With one exception, these studies involved pre- and ...
Tsai Sen-Wei - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of cardiac rehabilitation on the recovery of heart rate over 1 min after peak exercise of patients who received coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. DESIGN: Thirty subjects who received CABG surgery were randomly assigned to enter or not enter a cardiac rehabilitation exercise programme ...
Rhodes Jonathan - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The exercise capacity of children with congenital heart disease (CHD) is often depressed. This depression is thought to be attributable to (1) residual hemodynamic defects and (2) deconditioning secondary to physical inactivity. We hypothesized that this latter component would be ameliorated by a formal cardiac rehabilitation program designed specifically ...
Adams Jenny - - 2006
Existing guidelines for resistance exercise in cardiac rehabilitation are vague and/or overly restrictive, limiting the ability of cardiac rehabilitation programs to help patients achieve their desired levels of daily activity in a timely manner after cardiac events. This study examines the illogical nature of the existing guidelines in relation to ...
Heijnen Lily - - 2005
Without replacement therapy, patients with severe hemophilia (PWH) will have five damaged joints by the age of 20, which lead to limitation of activities and prevent normal participation in society. Of all PWH, 80% live in developing countries, where access to factor replacement is limited. Physiotherapy and rehabilitation help to ...
Kupferberg David H - - 2005
PURPOSE: A minimal clinically important difference (MCID) is important in evaluating clinical measures such as health-related quality of life (HRQOL) instruments. The purpose of this analysis is to evaluate MCID for the UCSD Shortness of Breath Questionnaire (SOBQ). METHODS: We examined measures of disease-specific and generic HRQOL in 164 subjects ...
Anomasiri Wilai - - 2005
The aim of the present study was to demonstrate the influence of exercise component of a cardiac rehabilitation program on fibrinolysis in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients. Cardiac rehabilitation program was claimed to have an important role for improving quality of life and reducing the incidence of recurrent disease. The ...
Crowe Jean - - 2005
The purpose of this systematic review was to determine the effect of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) (alone or combined with exercise and/or pulmonary rehabilitation) compared to other rehabilitation interventions such as: exercise, education, other breathing techniques or exercise and/or pulmonary rehabilitation among adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). A ...
Cohen Helen S - - 2005
To determine which common, nonpharmacological, nonsurgical treatments are most effective for treatment of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). Prospective, randomized, sham-controlled. Patients (n = 124) with BPPV of the posterior semicircular canal. Tertiary care center. Random assignment to one of five groups: modified canalith repositioning maneuver (CRP), modified liberatory maneuver ...
Kawahira Kazumi - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of facilitation exercises using the vestibulo-ocular reflex on ophthalmoplegia due to brainstem injury. DESIGN: A single-baseline design (A-B: A without specific therapy, B with specific therapy) across individual subjects. SETTING: Inpatient rehabilitation facility. SUBJECTS: Eight patients with ophthalmoplegia (total of 15 affected muscles) due to ...
Lydell Marie - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To identify predictive factors for work capacity in patients with musculoskeletal disorders. DESIGN: A descriptive, evaluative, quantitative study. SUBJECTS/PATIENTS: The study was based on 385 patients who participated in a rehabilitation programme. METHODS: Patients were divided into 2 groups depending on their ability to work. The groups were compared ...
Hill Denise C - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess functional cardiopulmonary exercise tolerance in a subset of patients with residual neurologic deficits after stroke by exercise stress testing using the Power Trainer, a combined upper- and lower-limb ergometer. DESIGN: Prospective, observational study using a convenience sample. SETTING: Clinical locomotor laboratory in a tertiary rehabilitation hospital. PARTICIPANTS: ...
Kärner Anita - - 2005
AIM: This paper reports a study exploring how patients in the rehabilitation phase of coronary heart disease experience facilitating and constraining factors related to lifestyle changes of importance for wellbeing and prognosis. BACKGROUND: Lifestyle change is important but complex during rehabilitation after a myocardial infarction or angina pectoris. The intentions ...
Cooper R L - - 2005
A randomised controlled trial (29 participants) was used to compare a 6-week proprioceptive and balance exercise program with a 6-week strengthening program in the early phases of rehabilitation after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Measurements of functional activity were taken by a blinded assessor before the intervention and at the ...
de Groot Sonja - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the course of mechanical efficiency of handrim wheelchair propulsion during rehabilitation of subjects with (in)complete paraplegia and tetraplegia. DESIGN: Subjects were tested at the start of active rehabilitation (t1), 3 months later (t2), and when discharged from inpatient rehabilitation (t3). They performed two 3-minute submaximal treadmill exercise ...
Paillex Roland - - 2005
The aim of this study was to analyze the changes in the standing center of pressure (COP) in a hemiplegic adult population at the beginning and the end of in-patient rehabilitation. The trajectory of the COP was recorded on a force platform and was analyzed in terms of the frequency ...
Knap Bojan - - 2005
Physical inactivity and its negative influence on health and the quality of life is a common problem generally, especially in patients with chronic illness and also in patients with end-stage renal disease. Motivation for regular physical exercise could be a problem. A supervised outpatient program in a rehabilitation center, a ...
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