Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 748
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Karapolat Hale - - 2008
The objective of this non-randomised controlled trial was to evaluate the impact of group-based exercise programme and a home-based exercise programme on Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Indices, depression and quality of life in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Approximately 41 patients in a rehabilitation unit were divided into two groups, either ...
Saunders Debbie Gross - - 2007
Therapeutic exercise is a key component of any rehabilitation program and should be included as part of the concurrent care of any patient whether that patient has two or four legs. Physical therapists have been utilizing therapeutic exercises with great success since the conception of the profession in the beginning ...
Burns John W - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Therapeutic processes in cardiac rehabilitation programs are virtually unexamined. Models were tested by which changes in the working alliance between patient and staff (agreement on goals/tasks; emotional bond) may affect outcomes in conjunction with changes in patient self-efficacy to change their diets and increase exercise. DESIGN: Cardiac patients (n ...
Mraz M - - 2007
The aim of this paper was to characterize structural balance of the body in people with systemic vertigo after applying rehabilitation exercise, such as motor-visual coordination on a posturographic platform and balance exercise. Physiotherapeutic procedures were carried out in a group of 12 people, aged 25-60 years suffering from vertigo. ...
Carles Sebastien S - - 2007
PURPOSE: A number of studies have investigated the effect of physical activity on cognitive performance in healthy subjects although no consensus in results has been established. In patients with cardiac disease that has been associated with cognitive impairment, research regarding improvement in cognition function assumes a clinical interest. We assessed ...
Wick Jeanette Y - - 2007
Usually, hypercalcemia is associated with malignancy, primary hyperparathyroidism, and chronic granulomatous disorders. When a usual work-up fails to identify an etiology for hypercalcemia, immobilization--a proven but often overlooked risk factor--may be the underlying cause. Rehabilitative exercises and medications are used to correct this problem. Heightened awareness of immobilization as a ...
Tagesson Sofi - - 2008
BACKGROUND: There is no consensus regarding the optimal rehabilitation regimen for increasing quadriceps strength after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. HYPOTHESIS: A comprehensive rehabilitation program supplemented with quadriceps strengthening in open kinetic chain (OKC) exercise will increase quadriceps strength and improve knee function without increasing static or dynamic sagittal tibial ...
Langan Jeanne - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Following stroke it is common to exhibit deficits in mobility of the upper extremity. Constraint-induced therapy (CIT) is a rehabilitation technique used to promote use of the more affected hand via constraint of the less affected hand. One factor that could impact the outcome following CIT is hand dominance. ...
Haisma J A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between physical fitness and its recovery over time on the one hand, and complications and duration of phases of rehabilitation on the other. DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective cohort study at eight rehabilitation centres. SUBJECTS: People with a spinal cord injury were assessed four times: at ...
Simms Kay - - 2007
An exercise test is a valuable tool that should be a part of every patient's assessment before beginning cardiac rehabilitation. We analyzed data from one exercise tolerance test used in a cardiac rehabilitation program among 103 subjects: 65 men with a mean age of 60.5 years and 38 women with ...
Mueller Lionel - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the short- and long-term effects of an intensive, concentrated rehabilitation programme in patients with chronic heart failure. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial, with one-month and six-year evaluations. SETTING: Residential rehabilitation centre in Switzerland. SUBJECTS: Fifty patients with chronic heart failure, randomized to exercise or control groups. INTERVENTIONS: A ...
Badaracco Carlo - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficiency of the rehabilitative protocols in patients with labyrinthine hypofunction, focusing on computerized dynamic visual acuity test (DVAt) and Gaze stabilization test (GST) specifically evaluating the vestibulo-oculomotor reflex (VOR) changes due to vestibular rehabilitation. DESIGN: Consecutive sample study. SETTING: Day hospital in Ears, Nose, and Throat ...
Enticott J C - - 2008
A randomised control prospective study was carried out examining patient outcomes after performing a 10-week vestibular home exercise programme. Thirty-two adults with vestibular dysfunction who reported vestibular symptoms negatively affecting daily life were enrolled. Test subjects were provided with an individualised vestibular rehabilitation programme designed by a physiotherapist. Control subjects ...
Kilgour Robert D - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This pilot study examined the effects of a self-administered, home-based exercise (HBE) rehabilitation programme designed to help women regain shoulder mobility immediately following surgery for a modified radical mastectomy and axillary node dissection. METHODS: Twenty-seven women who were scheduled for surgery were randomly assigned to either a post-surgical experimental ...
Leung Yvonne W - - 2007
This longitudinal study examined exercise behavior patterns (i.e., maintainers, irregular, and inactive) in cardiac patients, and investigated the sociodemographic, clinical, psychosocial, and environmental correlates of exercise patterns. A total of 661 cardiac in-patients from three hospitals consented to participate (75% response rate) and were re-assessed 9 and 18 (81% retention) ...
Cools Ann M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Strengthening exercises for the scapular muscles are used in the treatment of scapulothoracic dysfunction related to shoulder injury. In view of the intermuscular and intramuscular imbalances often established in these patients, exercises promoting lower trapezius (LT), middle trapezius (MT), and serratus anterior (SA) activation with minimal activity in the ...
Muramatsu Hikaru - - 2007
We evaluated quantitatively the recovery from impairment and disability in hemiplegic stroke survivors who received cranioplasty in the chronic stage. Seven first-ever stroke survivors with hemiplegia (mean age 56+/-3 years) who required delayed (3-9 months after the onset) cranioplasty during continuous rehabilitation therapy were studied. Recovery grade (1-12) of hemiplegia ...
Ziegelmann Jochen P - - 2007
PURPOSE: This study investigated the interplay of exercise strategy use (i.e., strategies of selection, optimization, and compensation) and perceived loss of exercise resources in individuals prescribed to engage in physical exercise. METHOD: Specifically, 368 individuals (18 to 80 years) were assessed during orthopedic rehabilitation and 6 and 12 months thereafter. ...
Benzer Werner - - 2007
BACKGROUND: An objective of exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation is improvement in patient-reported outcomes such as health-related quality of life as well as anxiety and depressive symptoms. There are no direct comparisons of the effectiveness of inpatient and outpatient exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation programmes on patient-reported outcomes. METHODS: In this non-randomized study we ...
Karapolat Hale - - 2007
The aim of this study was to evaluate the short-term benefits of a pulmonary rehabilitation program in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. The study was a randomized controlled trial that included 54 mild and moderate COPD patients. Patients were assigned to either an 8-week-long pulmonary rehabilitation program, which consisted ...
Ades Philip A - - 2007
The benefits of individualizing risk factor therapies and exercise protocols in patients participating in early outpatient cardiac rehabilitation are reviewed. Risk factor intervention modules for modifications of lipid abnormalities and obesity are outlined. Specific individualized exercise regimens are described for patients characterized by the presence of obesity, older age, intermittent ...
Burkhead Lori M - - 2007
Dysphagia rehabilitation, historically, has focused a great deal on various compensations during swallowing to prevent aspiration and/or improve safety and efficiency. Exercise, in general, has been a part of the dysphagia rehabilitation landscape. However, heightened discussions in the field regarding best practices for exercise training, particularly strengthening, raise more questions ...
Nakamura Ken - - 2007
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is an effective treatment for selected patients with disabling Parkinson's disease (PD). The two main targets are the subthalamic nucleus (STN) and the globus pallidus internus (GPi), although it has not been established whether stimulation at one target is superior to the other. This prospective randomized ...
Herdman Susan J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of vestibular exercises on the recovery of visual acuity during head movement in patients with bilateral vestibular hypofunction (BVH). DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, double-blinded study. SETTING: Outpatient clinic, academic setting. PATIENTS: Thirteen patients with BVH, aged 47 to 73 years. INTERVENTION: One group (8 patients) performed ...
Strömbeck Britta - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to present an update on the evidence-based effects of exercise in systemic lupus erythematosus and in primary Sjögren's syndrome. RECENT FINDINGS: Physical capacity is reduced in both systemic lupus erythematosus and primary Sjögren's syndrome and fatigue is a dominating and disabling ...
Deutsch Judith E - - 2007
Telerehabilitation is the provision of rehabilitation services at a distance by a therapist at a remote location. Integration with virtual reality (VR) is a relatively new addition to this field. This paper describes the technical and patient performance of a telerehabilitation application the remote console (ReCon) that is integrated with ...
Conti A A - - 2007
The full awareness that physical exercise represents a form of prevention and therapy for cardiovascular diseases is rather recent, considering that the discovery of blood circulation dates back to the 17th century and that the definition of major cardiovascular risk factors is an acquisition of the 20th century. In this ...
Fraser Shawn N - - 2007
PURPOSE: This study explored the influence of social support on a prognostic indicator among cardiac patients, exercise tolerance. The relationship of sociodemographic factors to social support was examined, as well as the role of social support as a potential mediator between sociodemographic factors and exercise tolerance. METHODS: Archival data were ...
O'Neill Brenda - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of twice- versus once-weekly supervised pulmonary rehabilitation on exercise capacity and quality of life in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, parallel-group study. SETTING: Hospital outpatient physiotherapy department. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with COPD. INTERVENTION: Group 1 (n=46) received 1 supervised exercise session ...
Sullivan Jane E - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of a home-based arm exercise programme of sensory and motor amplitude electrical stimulation. DESIGN: Non-concurrent, multiple-baseline, single-subject design. SUBJECTS: Ten adults with chronic arm hemiparesis following stroke. Subjects ranged in age from 38 to 74 years and were 2-16 years post stroke. Three subjects had ...
Langhammer, Birgitta
Summary Recovery after stroke is influenced by both intrinsic and extrinsic factors and can be categorised as spontaneous, due to reparative processes, and due to reorganisation of neural mechanisms, plasticity. Plasticity is driven by experiences, mobility, activity, interventions and the physical features of the environment and its demands. The overall ...
Leddy John J - - 2007
Although most patients with concussion recover within days to weeks, a small but significant minority develop persistent signs and symptoms of post-concussion syndrome (PCS). The standard treatments of PCS, rest and cognitive adaptation, have limited effectiveness. PCS patients are advised not to exercise because of the concern for symptom exacerbation. ...
Willmann Richard D - - 2007
Philips Research is developing and clinically testing solutions to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of rehabilitation. The Stroke Rehabilitation Exerciser supports patients and therapists in the implementation and execution of a personalized neurological motor exercise plan at home. It enables an efficient therapy planning for the medical professional and increases ...
Oh HyunSoo - - 2007
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study was performed to investigate the effects of respiratory rehabilitation programmes on exercise capacity in terms of the programme type, the protocol used and other programme characteristics. BACKGROUND: As the suitable rehabilitation programmes have not been specified, diverse programmes are provided in clinics. DESIGN: Meta-analysis of ...
Choi Junghyeon - - 2007
This paper describes a rehabilitation device developed to replace a conventional wooden wedge type ankle stretching device (ASD) and this new device consists of sensors and microcontroller-controlled electro-mechanical actuators. A conventional ASD has been used for lower limb rehabilitation treatment system for training of monoplegia (hemiplegia) patients for a long ...
Boggio Paulo S - - 2007
PURPOSE: Recent evidence has suggested that a simple technique of noninvasive brain stimulation - transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) - is associated with a significant motor function improvement in stroke patients. METHODS: We tested the motor performance improvement in stroke patients following 4 weekly sessions of sham, anodal- and cathodal ...
Jáuregui-Renaud Kathrine - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of performing vestibular rehabilitation using the Cawthorne & Cooksey exercises supplemented by training of the breathing rhythm or proprioception exercises on self-reported disability and postural control, in patients with chronic, peripheral, vestibular disease. METHODS: Fifty one patients with peripheral vestibular disease and abnormal caloric test ...
Tamura Toshiyo - - 2007
The elderly can sometimes find rehabilitation training to be very boring, but if the participants are motivated or having fun, they will continue to exercise. Prevention is the most important issue for health care insurance in Japan, and since suitable training will improve the quality of life, we developed personal ...
Cho Jongman - - 2007
Due to damaged vertebrae nerves, serious disease and aging, patients who have to lie down for long period of time need to exercise to maintain up-right standing position and recover their muscle power of paralytic leg. This study describes the development of an intelligent tilt table which can provide a ...
Neath Jeanne - - 2007
Using multiple correspondence analysis, data from the US Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (1992-2003) were examined for types and patterns of allegations of discrimination filed by adults with multiple sclerosis (MS) under Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). Women comprised the majority of the Charging Parties (n=687, 67%), ...
Eperjesi F - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to determine if there was an objective difference in reading between four commonly available lamps, of varying spectral radiance, for 13 subjects with age-related maculopathy (ARM) or non-exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD)--logMAR visual acuity between 0.04 and 0.68. At a constant illuminance of 2000 ...
Kayyali Ruba - - 2007
Haptic-based virtual rehabilitation systems have recently become a subject of interest. In addition to the benefits provided by virtual rehabilitation, the haptic-based systems offer force and tactile feedback which can be for upper and lower extremity rehabilitation. In this paper, we present a system that uses haptics, in conjunction with ...
Spencer Lissa M - - 2007
Pulmonary rehabilitation programs have been shown to increase functional exercise capacity and quality of life in COPD patients. However, following the completion of pulmonary rehabilitation the benefits begin to decline unless the program is of longer duration or ongoing maintenance exercise is followed. Therefore, the aim of this study is ...
Canavan Jane - - 2007
This pilot study concerns the evaluation of the acute cytokine response to exercise and changes in this throughout a 7 week pulmonary rehabilitation programme. 17 (10 male, 7 female) stable COPD patients, mean (SD) age 69 (8) yrs, mean FEV1, 51.3 (17.3)% predicted entered into 7 weeks of rehabilitation. The ...
Kiryu Tohru - - 2007
Application of virtual environment (VE) technology to motor rehabilitation increases the number of possible rehabilitation tasks and/or exercises. However, enhancing a specific sensory stimulus sometimes causes unpleasant sensations or fatigue, which would in turn decrease motivation for continuous rehabilitation. To select appropriate tasks and/or exercises for individuals, evaluation of physical ...
McKee Gabrielle - - 2007
The behavioural changes initiated during Phase III cardiac rehabilitation programmes were recorded using Prochaska and Diclemente's "stages of change" model. This study aimed to ascertain if changes were initiated, maintained or further developed during Phase III programmes and 6 months after the programmes with a view to ascertaining the usefulness ...
Gayda Mathieu - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The effectiveness of long-term cardiac rehabilitation and exercise training programs on metabolic parameters was evaluated in metabolic syndrome subjects with and without coronary heart disease (CHD). METHODS AND RESULTS: Fifty-nine CHD and 81 non-coronary patients with metabolic syndrome (59+/-8 vs 56+/-9years) were identified retrospectively at entry into ...
Sheehan J L - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To obtain the best estimate of the size of the effect of a thermoplastic resting splint on spasticity in the stroke-affected upper limb. DESIGN: A randomized controlled intervention involving 14 adults affected by stroke,allocated to two groups. SETTING: Inpatient and outpatient rehabilitation departments. INTERVENTION: Following one week of baseline ...
Tuo Kwo-Shieng - - 2006
Whiplash-associated disorders are characterized by multiple physical complaints after a flexion-extension trauma to the neck. They are difficult to treat, and they often result in great impact on the patient's quality of life. In this paper, the comprehensive treatment of a patient with whiplash-associated disorders is presented. The purpose is ...
Puetz Timothy W - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is a healthful behavior that has promise for combating feelings of low energy and fatigue. Despite evidence suggesting that fatigue is a prodromal symptom of major cardiac events, improvements in feelings of energy and fatigue have largely been ignored by reviewers of cardiac rehabilitation literature who have ...
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