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Belardinelli Romualdo - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Patients referred for cardiac rehabilitation may take advantage from combining trimetazidine (TMZ) with exercise training (ET), as both treatments produce similar effects in the cardiovascular system. It is, however, unknown whether the combination of TMZ with ET may determine greater improvements in functional capacity and endothelial function than ET ...
Casaburi Richard - - 2008
Pulmonary rehabilitation is widely accepted as effective therapy for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This paper presents a brief (and somewhat subjective) history of pulmonary rehabilitation, and stresses the development of the exercise component. Until the middle of the 20th century, patients with COPD were advised to avoid ...
Brady Bernadette - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Rotator cuff tears are frequently encountered in medical outpatient settings and often require surgical repair to achieve desirable functional outcomes. However, the optimal form of post-operative rehabilitation of rotator cuff repairs remains unidentified by the research literature. The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility ...
Mildestvedt Thomas - - 2008
AIMS: We examined whether autonomy supportive and self-efficacy enhancing individual lifestyle counselling was associated with improved maintenance of exercise and physical capacity compared with group based counselling. We also tested whether self-efficacy beliefs and autonomous motivation was associated with improved maintenance of exercise over time. METHODS: Randomised controlled trial and ...
Hansen Dominique - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In cardiac rehabilitation, 40-60-min exercise training sessions are advised. However, because of the increasing coronary artery disease (CAD) prevalence and higher workload for cardiac rehabilitation centres, it remains unclear whether 40-min exercise training sessions are equally effective as 60-min exercise training sessions. DESIGN: Prospective randomized clinical trial. METHODS: One ...
Chang Chih-Pei - - 2008
Virtual reality (VR) training that provides optic flow stimuli and visuo-vestibular conflict has been suggested as a way to treat patients with inappropriate visual dependence (sometimes called visual vertigo even though spinning sensation is often absent). We propose a simple framework based on a hypothesis that the degree of dizziness ...
Smith J D - - 2008
The rehabilitation of the range of individuals covering medical patients to elite athletes is a costly and time-consuming process involving the knowledge of experienced physical therapists, medical practitioners, coaches, and dedicated training facilities. In order to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of the rehabilitation process, a modular variable-resistance rehabilitation device ...
Hasegawa Satoshi - - 2008
Phlegmasia dolens is a rare disorder caused by massive venous thrombosis. The clinical condition is subclassified as phlegmasia cerulea dolens (PCD) and phlegmasia alba dolens. The 2 forms differ in the venous area affected and remaining blood flow, causing arterial involvement and resulting in a difference in therapeutic strategy and ...
Arrigo Ines - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Methods to ensure sustained benefits of cardiac rehabilitation need to be explored. The aim was to assess the effect of a home-based intervention (INT) on exercise adherence and risk factors after cardiac rehabilitation. DESIGN: Prospective randomized study. METHODS: We evaluated patients who were followed for 1 year after either ...
Ambrosino N - - 2008
Randomised trials have demonstrated that pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) can improve dyspnoea, exercise tolerance and health related quality of life. Rehabilitation has traditionally been provided in secondary care to patients with moderate to severe disease. Current concepts are however recommending that it should be delivered in a primary and community care ...
Erjavec T - - 2008
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine whether an arm ergometry exercise test can successfully predict a clinician's decision for prosthetic fitting, and to define what other factors are also important predictors of a patient's ability to walk with a prosthesis. METHODS: The study included 63 patients who ...
Negrini S - - 2008
AIM: Rehabilitation of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) requires a careful choice from among the possible treatments, such as bracing and exercises, according to the patient's needs. According to the literature, there is little evidence regarding the efficacy of these rehabilitation instruments. During the past few years, a full series of ...
Valent Linda J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of hand cycling on outcome measures of physical capacity during and after rehabilitation in persons with paraplegia and tetraplegia in The Netherlands. DESIGN: A longitudinal cohort study with measurement moments at the start (t1) and end (t2) of clinical rehabilitation and 1 year after discharge ...
Negrini Stefano S Italian Scientific Spine Institute, Via Roberto Bellarmino 13/1, Milan, Italy. - - 2008
To compare the effect of Scientific Exercises Approach to Scoliosis (SEAS) exercises with "usual care" rehabilitation programmes in terms of the avoidance of brace prescription and prevention of curve progression in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Prospective controlled cohort observational study. Seventy-four consecutive outpatients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, mean 15 degrees (standard ...
Kibler W Ben - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Restoration of control of dynamic scapular motion by specific activation of the serratus anterior and lower trapezius muscles is an important part of functional rehabilitation. This study evaluated activation of those muscles in specific exercises. HYPOTHESIS: Specific exercises will activate key scapular-stabilizing muscles in clinically significant amplitudes and patterns. ...
Wing Kay - - 2008
PURPOSE: Upper extremity (UE) intensive repetitive training, locomotor training, and functional strength training, delivered in isolation, promote neural plasticity and functional recovery after stroke. However, the effectiveness of a comprehensive whole-body approach combining these interventions has not been thoroughly investigated. The purpose of this retrospective data analysis was to evaluate ...
Ries Andrew L - - 2008
Pulmonary rehabilitation is an established treatment for patients with chronic lung disease. Benefits include improvement in exercise tolerance, symptoms, and quality of life, with a reduction in the use of health care resources. As an adjunct to surgical programs, such as lung volume reduction surgery, pulmonary rehabilitation plays an important ...
Singh S J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The incremental shuttle walking test (ISWT) is used to assess exercise capacity in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and is employed as an outcome measure for pulmonary rehabilitation. This study was designed to establish the minimum clinically important difference for the ISWT. METHODS: 372 patients (205 men) ...
Hussein Naglaa Abdel Mohsen - - 2008
The implantable cardioverter/defibrillator (ICD) has established superiority in reducing mortality for survivors of cardiac arrest or patients at high risk for sudden death. However, patients with ICD suffer from many problems that affect their daily living activity. They also refrain to do exercise, for fear of precipitating life-threatening arrhythmia or ...
Plüss C Edström - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of expanded cardiac rehabilitation with multifactorial interventions on metabolic and inflammatory markers, exercise performance and on established cardiovascular risk factors. DESIGN: Single-centre prospective randomized controlled trial. SETTING: A university hospital. SUBJECTS: Two hundred and twenty-four patients with an acute myocardial infarction or patients undergoing coronary ...
Mendelsohn Marissa E - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of an upper-body exercise program on cardiorespiratory fitness in older adults with hip fracture during inpatient rehabilitation. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial using a convenience sample. SETTING: An inpatient rehabilitation unit. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty older patients (age, 81.3+/-7.2y; 14 women). INTERVENTION: Patients were randomly assigned to a ...
Adams Brian J - - 2008
Meta-analyses showed that exercise training decreased mortality in patients after myocardial infarction, but no single adequately powered trial has shown this benefit. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of cardiac rehabilitative exercise training on prognostic variables derived from the exercise tolerance test and whether these changes ...
Basta Dietmar - - 2008
Rehabilitation strategies have been applied successfully over the last few decades to initiate central compensation of the tonus imbalance and to facilitate substitution in different types of peripheral vestibular dysfunction. However, these vestibular rehabilitation strategies are often not successful in patients with isolated otolith disorders. The aim of the present ...
Luft Andreas - - 2008
A plateau in recovery within the first few months of rehabilitative therapy was assumed to be the norm in stroke survivors. Recent studies in our laboratory examined the effect of 6 months of treadmill exercise training in chronically disabled stroke survivors. Treadmill exercise improves fitness and walking ability in patients ...
Dobkin Bruce H BH University of California, Los Angeles, 710 Westwood Plaza, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA. - - 2008
To make practical recommendations regarding therapeutic strategies for the rehabilitation of patients with hemiparetic stroke, it is important to have a general understanding of the fundamental mechanisms underlying the neuroplasticity that is induced by skills training and by exercise programs designed to increase muscle strength and cardiovascular fitness. Recent clinical ...
Lichtman Steven W - - 2008
CLINICAL CASE: This case report documents outpatient cardiac rehabilitation (CR) in a 28-year-old woman born with transposition of the great vessels, tricuspid atresia, hypoplastic right ventricle, and an atrial septal defect. Surgical procedures were performed during childhood to correct these defects. In 2006, she underwent the following procedures: Fontan revision ...
Haghgooie Saman - - 2008
Schizophrenia is a severe mental illness associated with multiple neuropathological, neurochemical and genetic abnormalities. The benefits of a validated, quantitative diagnosis tool are well established. Electrovestibulography, a new method similar to ECOG, can detect and record neural activity generated by the vestibular system. The normal EVestG response as well as ...
Romano Michele - - 2008
SEAS is an acronym for "Scientific Exercises Approach to Scoliosis". Main characteristics of SEAS are team approach and cognitive-behavioural approach because in our view these are two indispensable elements in chronic disease rehabilitation. In this article we describe the main differences between SEAS approach and other exercise techniques as well ...
Ueki Satoshi - - 2008
This paper presents a virtual reality-enhanced hand rehabilitation support system with a symmetric master-slave motion assistant for independent rehabilitation therapies. Our aim is to provide fine motion exercise for a hand and fingers, which allows the impaired hand of a patient to be driven by his or her healthy hand ...
Martin-Moreno Javier - - 2008
This article tackles several problems faced by professionals in physiotherapy: the performance of the rehabilitation exercises by the patients, the control of the course of the illness and the patient's ignorance about whether or not he is properly performing the exercises. We propose a solution based on the use of ...
Negrini Alessandra - - 2008
It has been known since many years that scoliosis can continue to progress after skeletal maturity: the rate of progression has shown to be linear, and it can be used to establish an individual prognosis. Once there is progression there is an indication for treatment: usually it is proposed a ...
Park Ji-Won - - 2008
The aim of this study was to compare the areas of brain activation between complex and simple exercises in a unimanual hand and to assess the possibility of an exercise task for paretic hands following stroke. The subjects included 11 healthy right-handed volunteers. The complex exercise was a wooden ball ...
Magliulo Giuseppe - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: We analyzed the behavior of preoperative and postoperative vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (VEMPs) and vestibular evoked periocular potentials (VEPPs) in 3 patients who had vestibular schwannoma and underwent modified translabyrinthine surgery. METHODS: We compared VEMPs and VEPPs, measured with both air-conducted (AC) and bone-conducted (BC) stimulations. Vestibular evoked potentials ...
Decramer Marc - - 2008
COPD is a disease that is not confined to the airways and the lungs, but also produces systemic consequences. Muscle weakness is one of these. It is produced by a multitude of factors including deconditioning, systemic inflammation, oxidative stress, nutritional imbalance, reduced anabolic status, systemic corticosteroids, hypoxemia, hypercapnia, electrolyte disturbances, ...
Marshall A - - 2008
Patients suffering from chronic respiratory disease need to follow a rehabilitative exercise programme, in order to self-manage their illness and improve quality of life. Adherence to the programme is highly dependent on professional support from a physiotherapist and hence declines when patients seek to self-manage in the home. A number ...
O'Neill B - - 2008
There should be a clear pathway through pulmonary rehabilitation and follow-on services. The aim of this survey was to determine the characteristics of the different components of the patient pathway, that is, pulmonary rehabilitation programs, ongoing exercise facilities, and support networks in Northern Ireland. Questionnaires were sent to current providers ...
Veras Eduardo J - - 2008
This paper describes the design and implementation of a control system that integrates visual and haptic information to give assistive force feedback through a haptic controller (Omni Phantom) to the user. A sensor-based assistive function and velocity scaling program provides force feedback that helps the user complete trajectory following exercises ...
Ben Kibler Ben W - - 2008
Shoulder impingement is a commonly treated disorder; however, the absence of a clear understanding of pathophysiology and causation can create variability in treatment. Pitfalls that can impede optimal patient outcomes can occur in the areas of diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation. Diagnostic pitfalls include failing to identify some of the multiple ...
Zdrenghea D - - 2008
Physical training has traditionally represented the main method used in cardiovascular rehabilitation of ischemic patients in the past years. Nowadays, cardiovascular rehabilitation has been extended to other cardiovascular diseases, such as heart failure. Also, cardiovascular rehabilitation included psychological, social and professional measures along with secondary prevention methods such as lifestyle ...
Marin Raul - - 2008
This study evaluated which of two different stair-stepping techniques produced a higher level of perceived physical exertion and whether magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can identify gluteus maximus activation during stepper exercise and/or differences in gluteus maximus activation between exercise techniques. The study was a prospective, single-blind, randomized, two-period, crossover trial. ...
Wendlova J - - 2008
Regularities of mechanical conditions of body's static and dynamic balance are applied not only in movement techniques of sports events, but also in setting up exercises for osteoporotic patients. It is important to set up exercises in which the patient takes such a position where the forces acting upon him ...
Scherer Matthew - - 2008
While active dynamic visual acuity (DVA) has been shown to improve with gaze stabilization exercises, we sought to determine whether DVA during passive head impulses (pDVA) would also improve following a rehabilitation course of vestibular physical therapy (VPT) in patients with unilateral and bilateral vestibular hypofunction. VPT consisted of gaze ...
Lam Paul - - 2008
It has been shown that intense training can significantly improve post-stroke upper-limb functionality. However, opportunities for stroke survivors to practice rehabilitation exercises can be limited because of the finite availability of therapists and equipment. This paper presents a haptic-enabled exercise platform intended to assist therapists and moderate-level stroke survivors perform ...
Krebs Hermano Igo HI Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA. - - 2008
To compare the outcome of training the functional movement of transport of the arm and grasping an object with the alternative of training the transport of the arm in isolation. Pretest-posttest comparison. Rehabilitation hospitals, outpatient care. Volunteer sample of forty-seven persons with persistent hemiparesis from a single, unilateral stroke within ...
Gregg Melanie - - 2010
Within rehabilitation settings, mental imagery helps to promote long-term recovery and facilitates compliance to rehabilitation exercises. Individuals who are able to effectively engage in imagery practice are likely to gain the most benefit from imagery training. Thus, a suitable imagery ability measurement tool for individuals with movement limitations is needed. ...
Cools A M - - 2008
Internal impingement is a commonly described cause of shoulder pain in the overhead athlete, particularly in tennis players. Three shoulder dysfunctions, often correlated with internal impingement symptoms, require attention in the rehabilitation strategy of internal impingement in the tennis player: (1) acquired glenohumeral anterior instability, (2) loss of internal rotation ...
Hansen Dominique - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess which exercise testing protocol is most sensitive for assessing peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) changes as a result of cardiac rehabilitation. DESIGN: Prospective randomized clinical trial. SETTING: Outpatient cardiac rehabilitation center. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-two cardiac patients (33 men; mean age, 65.4+/-8.4 y). INTERVENTION: All patients were included into a ...
Lacasse Y - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The widespread application of pulmonary rehabilitation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) should be preceded by demonstrable improvements in function attributable to the programs. OBJECTIVES: To determine the impact of rehabilitation on health-related quality of life (QoL) and exercise capacity in patients with COPD. METHODS: We identified randomized controlled ...
Haisma Janneke A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To develop prognostic models for physical capacity at discharge and 1 year after discharge from inpatient rehabilitation in persons with spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: Inception cohort; data collected at start of rehabilitation (n=104), at discharge (n=81), and 1 year later (n=74). SETTING: Eight Dutch rehabilitation centers. PARTICIPANTS: Patients ...
Skumlien Siri - - 2008
Resistance (RT) and endurance training (ET) prescribed by a rehabilitation centre and carried out under the supervision of primary care physiotherapists after the completion of 4 weeks of multidisciplinary in-patient pulmonary rehabilitation (IPR) were compared regarding capacity to induce further health effects. After IPR, 40 chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) ...
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