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Gyrd-Hansen D - - 2012
The main purpose of the present study was to test for outcome scope insensitivity. Respondents were initially asked to value one of two severe health states by way of a time-trade-off (TTO) exercise. Subsequent to the TTO exercise all respondents were asked to value an intervention, which offered a reduction ...
Marzolini Susan - - 2010
With the demographic of patients entering cardiac rehabilitation (CR) indicating an older and more obese population, musculoskeletal comorbidities (MSKCS) may be escalating. Musculoskeletal comorbidities affecting exercise were ascertained in 322 patients (233 men and 89 women) by a questionnaire and then an interview before and after 3 months of CR. ...
Horgan S - - 2011
To audit the cardiac rehabilitation (CR) service in the Northwest. Patients were identified on the CR Information System. Indications, rate of uptake, demographics and complications were all recorded. Cardiovascular risk factors and exercise capacity before and after CR were compared. Systems for referral and phases I-IV were analysed. Three hundred ...
Mainguy Vincent - - 2010
A majority of patients with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH) display persistent exercise intolerance despite current therapies. Whether a rehabilitation program elicits favorable changes in muscle function which would partly explain improvements in exercise tolerance of IPAH patients remains unknown. We performed this study to assess the effect of a ...
Pfeifer K - - 2010
Exercise therapy constitutes the better part of rehabilitative treatment. However, in rehabilitation research the scientific analysis of exercise therapy only plays a minor role. Taking the theoretical model of rehabilitation and the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) into account, we propose a heuristic model of aims and ...
- - 2010
Cardiac patients after an acute event and/or with chronic heart disease deserve special attention to restore their quality of life and to maintain or improve functional capacity. They require counselling to avoid recurrence through a combination of adherence to a medication plan and adoption of a healthy lifestyle. These secondary ...
Dovat Ludovic - - 2010
Finger coordination and independence are often impaired in stroke survivors, preventing them from performing activities of daily living. We have developed a technique using a robotic interface, the HandCARE, to train these functions. The Hand Cable-Actuated REhabilitation (CARE) system can assist the subject in opening and closing movements of the ...
King Marcus - - 2010
Loss of hand function as a result of upper limb paresis after a stroke leads to reduced independence. Robotic-assisted therapy with virtual reality leads to improvements in motor function, but there is a need to improve the cost-benefit ratio of these therapies. This case series study investigated augmented reality computer ...
Fabian Krzysztof Marek - - 2010
Scoliosis is a common medical condition in children and adolescents, particularly girls. It is accompanied by disorders of multiple systems and organs, especially the cardiovascular and respiratory systems, which significantly affects general physical capacity. This study sought to assess lung function, chest mobility, and physical fitness in scoliotic girls undergoing ...
Arena Ross - - 2010
Aerobic and resistance exercise training programs produce an abundance of physiologic and clinical benefits in patients with heart failure (HF). Improved maximal aerobic capacity, submaximal aerobic endurance, muscle force production, perceived quality of life, and skeletal muscle characteristics are among the more established outcomes resulting from these rehabilitation techniques. Moreover, ...
Harris Jocelyn E - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Initial severity of upper-limb motor impairment and exercise intensity are important predictors of improved upper-limb function during stroke rehabilitation. Initial severity of motor impairment, however, is not modifiable by rehabilitation, and increased one-on-one treatment is not always feasible. Alternative methods to increase intensity and improve upper-limb function are needed. ...
Tanaka Kazunari - - 2010
To clarify the optimal management of rehabilitative intervention for limited glenohumeral joint mobility (LGHM) arising from adhesive capsulitis, particularly focusing on the frequency of sessions for joint mobilization and the self-exercise compliance, the functional results of 120 patients with LGHM were prospectively investigated as follows: Differences in improved angle of ...
Pavlou Marousa - - 2010
Individuals with vestibular dysfunction may experience visual vertigo (VV), in which symptoms are provoked or exacerbated by excessive or disorienting visual stimuli (eg, supermarkets). Individuals with VV are believed to be overly reliant on visual input for balance (ie, visually dependent). VV can significantly improve when customized vestibular rehabilitation exercises ...
Scherer Matthew - - 2010
Vestibular rehabilitation strategies including gaze stabilization exercises have been shown to increase gain of the angular vestibulo-ocular reflex (aVOR) using a retinal slip error signal (ES). The identification of additional ESs capable of promoting substitution strategies or aVOR adaptation is an important goal in the management of vestibular hypofunction. Position ...
Clendaniel Richard A - - 2010
The efficacy of both habituation and adaptation exercise interventions in the treatment of unilateral vestibular hypofunction has been demonstrated by previous studies. The purpose of this article is to describe the preliminary results of an ongoing study that compares the effects of these 2 different exercise approaches on outcomes related ...
Henchoz Yves - - 2010
Randomized controlled trial with 1-year follow-up. To analyze the effects of an exercise program or routine follow-up on patients with chronic low back pain who have completed functional multidisciplinary rehabilitation. The short- and long-term outcome in terms of symptoms and physical and social functioning was compared. Systematic reviews have shown ...
Mourot Laurent - - 2010
The cardiovascular disease risk profile and exercise capacity of coronary heart disease patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) were measured and compared with those of nondiabetic (NDM) patients before and after a 6-week multidisciplinary cardiac rehabilitation program. Subjects included 413 patients with DM (56.9 +/- 7.9 years) and 614 ...
Al-Mousawi Ahmed M AM Department of Surgery, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas 77550, - - 2010
Severe burns cause profound hormonal and metabolic disturbances resulting in hypermetabolism, reflected in extreme elevation of resting energy expenditure (REE) and extensive skeletal muscle catabolism. Aerobic and resistive exercise programs during rehabilitation have shown substantial benefits, although whether such training potentially exacerbates basal metabolism is unknown. Therefore, the effects of ...
Tucker W Steven - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine the amount of muscle activation in 4 scapular muscles in overhead athletes with and without a history of secondary shoulder impingement, during 3 upper extremity closed chain exercises. DESIGN: One-between (group), one-within (exercise) repeated measures. SETTING: Controlled laboratory study. PARTICIPANTS: Overhead athletes (n=15; mean age +/- SD, ...
Adams Jenny - - 2010
Patients in cardiac rehabilitation are typically advised to complete a period of supervised endurance training before beginning resistance training. In this study, however, we compared the peak rate-pressure product (RPP, a calculated indicator of myocardial work) of patients during two types of exercise-treadmill walking and chest press-from workout session 1 ...
Chaitow Leon - - 2010
In response to a news report of the rehabilitation of a New York-based dancer/actor with cerebral palsy, to the point where a ballet performance was scheduled, it was determined that a report based on the individuals involved would be commissioned. The resulting reports from the choreographer responsible for the rehabilitation ...
Troosters T - - 2010
Pulmonary rehabilitation is now regarded as an evidence-based treatment for symptomatic patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. It has been shown to enhance exercise tolerance, improve symptoms and health-related quality of life, and reduce exacerbations in patients with recurrent exacerbations. In this article we review the mechanisms through which exercise ...
Poole Janet L - - 2010
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to examine current evidence for the efficacy of rehabilitation techniques for musculoskeletal impairments in persons with scleroderma. RECENT FINDINGS: The current literature on rehabilitation techniques consists of studies evaluating the effectiveness of paraffin wax treatment, hand and face stretching exercises, connective ...
Eder Barbara - - 2010
The aim of this study was to assess the effects on exercise performance of supplementing a standard cardiac rehabilitation program with additional exercise programming compared to the standard cardiac rehabilitation program alone in elderly patients after heart surgery. In this prospective, randomized controlled trial, 60 patients (32 men and 28 ...
Billinger Sandra S University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, - - 2010
To discuss the role of the vascular system and regulation of blood flow delivery in individuals with chronic stroke. This paper will discuss mechanisms of blood flow, vascular remodeling in chronic stroke, exercise as an intervention to improve blood flow delivery, and the role of physical therapy practice in promoting ...
Hettinga F J - - 2010
By studying exercise and performance in hand-cycling in both activities of daily living and in Paralympic sport settings, new insights can be gained for rehabilitation practice, adapted physical activity, and sports. This review looks into the pros and cons of hand-cycling in both rehabilitation and optimal sports performance settings as ...
Uhl Timothy L - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine the electromyographical (EMG) activation levels of shoulder musculature during early rehabilitation exercises to regain active range of motion. DESIGN: Descriptive. SETTING: University clinical research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Ten asymptomatic volunteers (age, 25 +/- 5 years; height, 171 +/- 7 cm; weight, 78 +/- 15 kg). INTERVENTION: Fine-wire (supraspinatus ...
Dalichau S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of outpatient medical rehabilitation (OMR) mainly composed of exercise therapy and sports for patients with asbestosis. Following the Hamburg model, the OMR focuses on keeping up lasting effects. METHOD: In the frame of a pre-experimental study, 113 male asbestosis ...
Best Catherine - - 2010
Stroke is a major cause of mortality in the community and the most common cause of disability. At one year, a third of patients who have had a stroke have died, and 37% of survivors are dependent. In the acute phase of ischaemic stroke, patients should receive thrombolysis (within 4.5 ...
Park Jin-Woo - - 2010
Rehabilitation after a stroke is very important because it has beneficial effects on brain function, including the promotion of plasticity. However, an optimal time window for rehabilitation interventions after hemorrhagic stroke has not been clearly defined. The aim of this study was to determine whether early exercise training initiated 24h ...
Gordon-Evans W J - - 2010
During intense physical exercise, the cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2) pathway is upregulated which contributes to soreness. The aim of this study was to determine if there was a clinical affect of deracoxib (COX-2 selective antagonist) on dogs engaged in intense rehabilitation following tibial plateau levelling osteotomy for cranial cruciate ligament rupture. Our ...
Utley Andrea - - 2010
To identify and review the literature on the role of sound in facilitating movement and development. The emphasis was to consider the role of sound during exercise and rehabilitation and to encourage researchers to further explore the role of sound in movement development and rehabilitation. A review of key and ...
Drum Marti G - - 2010
Rehabilitation therapy is a key component of recovery from neurologic disease. Each patient requires a rehabilitation protocol designed specifically for the patient's neurologic condition, owner expectations and level of participation, and expertise of the veterinary team. Initial therapy for nonambualtory patients may include standing exercises, range of motion, pain control, ...
Munih Marko - - 2010
The paper presents the background, main achievements and components of rehabilitation robotics in a simple way, using non-technical terms. The introductory part looks at the development of robotic approaches in the rehabilitation of neurological patients and outlines the principles of robotic device interactions with patients. There follows a section on ...
Nowotny Janusz - - 2010
In acquired scoliosis, the degree of the curve is initially low and its type becomes apparent only after it has progressed. The characteristics of scoliosis include an abnormal spatial arrangement of individual body segments, which the central nervous system (CNS) interprets as a defect and automatically launches compensatory mechanisms. Neglecting ...
Kohler Fabian - - 2010
As the number of people requiring orthopaedic intervention is growing, individualized physiotherapeutic rehabilitation and adequate postoperative care becomes increasingly relevant. The chances of improvement in the patients condition is directly related to the performance and consistency of the physiotherapeutic exercises.In this paper a smart, cost-effective and easy to use Feedback ...
Voduc Nha - - 2010
Supplemental oxygen therapy has been shown to improve exercise performance in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). It is unknown whether the magnitude of this benefit would be affected by participation in a pulmonary rehabilitation program. To compare the effects of supplemental oxygen on exercise capacity in nonhypoxemic COPD ...
Lee Annemarie L - - 2010
Non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis is characterised by sputum production, exercise limitation and recurrent infections. Although pulmonary rehabilitation is advocated for this patient group, its effects are unclear. The aims of this study are to determine the short and long term effects of pulmonary rehabilitation on exercise capacity, cough, quality of life ...
Pitkala Kaisu H - - 2010
Besides cognitive decline, Alzheimer's disease (AD) leads to physical disability, need for help and permanent institutional care. The trials investigating effects of exercise rehabilitation on physical functioning of home-dwelling older dementia patients are still scarce. The aim of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of intensive exercise rehabilitation lasting ...
Tartibian Bakhtiar B Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, Faculty of Humanities and Literature, Urmia University , Urmia, - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of ingestion of omega-3 (n-3) and aerobic exercise intervention on the calcium regulating hormones in healthy postmenopausal women. To this end, 56 healthy sedentary postmenopausal women with mean age 57.7 ± 3.5 yrs participated in this study. Participants were randomly ...
Ino Shuichi S Human Technology Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, 1-1-1 Higashi, Tsukuba 305-8566, Japan. - - 2010
In an aging society, social demands for home-based rehabilitation and assistive technologies by healthcare and welfare services are globally increasing. The progress of quality-of-life technologies and rehabilitation science is a very important and urgent issue for elderly and disabled individuals as well as for their caregivers. Thus, there is a ...
Saglia J A JA Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, 16163, Genova, Italy. - - 2010
This paper presents the design of an admittance-based assistive controller and preliminary experimental results for a high performance parallel robot used for ankle rehabilitation. The goal of this work was to design a suitable control algorithm for diagnosis, training and rehabilitation of the ankle in presence of musculoskeletal injuries. An ...
Chinn Lisa L University of Virginia, Kinesiology Program, Exercise and Sport Injury Laboratory, Charlottesville, VA 22904-4407, - - 2010
Foot and ankle injuries are extremely common among athletes and other physically active individuals. Rehabilitation programs that emphasize the use of therapeutic exercise to restore joint range of motion, muscle strength, neuromuscular coordination, and gait mechanics have been shown to have clinical success for patients suffering various foot and ankle ...
Kawahira Kazumi K Department of Rehabilitation and Physical Medicine, Kagoshima University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Kagoshima, Japan. - - 2010
To study the effects on the hemiplegic upper limb of repetitive facilitation exercises (RFEs) using a novel facilitation technique, in which the patient's intention to move the hemiplegic upper limb or finger was followed by realization of the movement using multiple sensory stimulations. Twenty-three stroke patients were enrolled in a ...
Kao Chung-Lan - - 2010
We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of vestibular rehabilitation (VR) exercise between supervised and home-based programs in young and senior age groups of patients with chronic dizziness. Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI), Dynamic gait index (DGI), Tinetti fall risk performance scales and Timed "Up and Go" test (TUG) were administered to ...
Fraser Shawn N - - 2010
This study explored the influence of psychosocial factors on an important prognostic indictor among heart patients, exercise tolerance (ET). Prior to attending cardiac rehabilitation (CR), 100 men and 24 women completed a survey assessing social support and self-efficacy for exercise in CR followed by an ET test (ETT) measured in ...
Su Steven W - - 2010
Safe exercise protocols are critical for effective rehabilitation programs. This paper aims to develop a novel control strategy for an automated treadmill system to reduce the danger of injury during cardiac rehabilitation. We have developed a control-oriented nonparametric Hammerstein model for the control of heart rate during exercises by using ...
Zuwallack Richard L - - 2009
Patients with chronic respiratory disease such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are generally very inactive physically, and this physical inactivity is detrimental to their health. Physical inactivity not only impairs quality of life, it probably shortens life expectancy. Therefore, increasing physical activity should be a prominent goal in pulmonary ...
Varadi Robert G - - 2009
Though pulmonary rehabilitation can have potent effects on exercise capacity and quality of life in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), not all patients benefit to the same degree. Enabling patients to achieve higher training intensities may improve exercise capacity. Adding pharmacological agents to target the abnormal ventilatory mechanics or skeletal ...
Rochester Carolyn L - - 2009
Critical illness has many devastating sequelae, including profound neuromuscular weakness and psychological and cognitive disturbances that frequently result in long-term functional impairments. Early rehabilitation begun in the intensive care unit (ICU) is emerging as an important strategy both to prevent and to treat ICU-acquired weakness, in an effort to facilitate ...
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