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Digenio A G - - 1992
The efficacy of an exercise cardiac rehabilitation programme depends on an adequate compliance of its participants. A 50% dropout rate after 12 months has been reported by most rehabilitation programmes. Compliance with attendance and the exercise prescription are monitored daily at the Johannesburg Cardiac Rehabilitation Centre. This study evaluated the ...
Kiefhaber T R - - 1992
Overuse injuries are the result of repetitive microtrauma to the musculotendinous unit. Treatment protocols are based on the stage of the inflammatory process that is active at the time of diagnosis. Control of the inflammatory response with rest, elevation, and ice is the treatment objective during the inflammatory stage. Prevention ...
Shephard R J - - 1992
At least seven criticisms have been advanced to those suggesting economic benefit from secondary and tertiary rehabilitation: (i) many existing data sets are weak, (ii) many analyses have been limited to self-selected exercise participants, (iii) the distribution of benefits between different sectors of the economy has been ignored, (iv) programme ...
O'Malley Teeter J - - 1992
The market for functional electrical stimulation (FES) equipment for use in rehabilitation is growing as increasingly sophisticated products enter the market each year. Factors that impact the availability of FES equipment include technological limitations, government regulation, reimbursement status, and clinician training. New products have become available in the last decade ...
Bethell H J - - 1992
In 1957, Hellerstein and Ford defined rehabilitation as 'the process by which a patient is returned realistically to his greatest physical, mental, social, vocational and economic usefulness and, if employable, is provided an opportunity for gainful employment in a competitive industrial world'. They stressed the importance of starting the rehabilitation ...
Mol V J - - 1991
This study used a descriptive correlational design to examine the frequency of and relationships between subjective and objective defining characteristics of activity intolerance in 33 geriatric stroke patients during ambulation. In the study, subjects were asked to walk for no more than 50 yards. Measurement of blood pressure, apical pulse, ...
Frndak P A - - 1991
Rehabilitation following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction is a subject of controversy in the orthopaedic and rehabilitation literature. With an increasing number of these operations currently being performed and with the advent of arthroscopically assisted ACL reconstruction over the past several years, particular rehabilitation needs and problems have been identified in ...
Bradley J P - - 1991
The application of dynamic integrated EMG and motion analysis to the shoulder has improved the understanding of dynamic shoulder biomechanics during athletic activities and rehabilitation protocols. These studies exemplify a symbiotic merger of basic science research and clinical application. EMG and motion analysis has produced specific objective quantifiable data concerning ...
Schuster P M - - 1991
Gender differences in anxiety, self-efficacy, activity tolerance, and adherence were assessed in 101 patients (80 males, 21 females) with coronary artery disease consecutively admitted to three phase II cardiac rehabilitation centers. The percentage of women in rehabilitation is 20% lower than anticipated based on coronary morbidity data. On admission to ...
Kavanagh T - - 1991
The post-cardiac transplantation patient is frequently debilitated as a result of "end-stage" heart disease and typically demonstrates muscle wasting, with a reduced work capacity, maximum heart rate and peak oxygen uptake. At submaximal effort perceived exertion and ventilation are higher, and the absolute ventilatory threshold lower, than in normals. A ...
Erwin J H - - 1991
The effects of isometric and resistive strengthening exercises on myopathic distal muscles were examined by implementing a program of hand and wrist exercises during the rehabilitation of a patient with adult-onset hereditary distal myopathy. A 78-year-old man with this diagnosis for 18 years entered the hospital after a lumbar laminectomy ...
Kearney S S Department of Psychology, George Eliot Hospital, Nuneaton, - - 1991
This study aims to highlight the possible use of adapted leisure materials in the modification of behavioural responses within the brain-injured population. Single-case methodology was used to evaluate the effectiveness of contingent reinforcement in promoting head posture in an adult brain-injured male. A microswitch was implanted within a headband worn ...
Franklin B A - - 1991
This symposium dealt with contemporary issues and concerns in cardiac rehabilitation. Selected topics included: the potential of exercise training to enhance coronary collateral circulation; safety and efficacy of high intensity training; influence of beta-blocking agents on exercise prescription and trainability; value of physical conditioning in patients with left ventricular dysfunction ...
Oldridge N - - 1991
This investigation was designed to determine the impact of a brief period of cardiac rehabilitation, initiated within 6 weeks of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), on both disease-specific and generic health-related quality of life, exercise tolerance and return to work after AMI. With a stratified, parallel group design, 201 low-risk patients ...
Squires R W - - 1991
Transtelephonic monitoring of a single-lead electrocardiogram and on-demand 2-way voice communication were accomplished at 1,865 exercise sessions for 67 cardiac patients. Exercise sessions occurred either at the patients' homes or at remote hospital sites and began an average of 25 or 14 weeks, respectively, after hospital dismissal. Monitoring centers provided ...
Townsend H - - 1991
Many exercises are used to strengthen the glenohumeral muscles, but there have been limited studies to evaluate the exercises. Thus, the purpose of this study was to decide how the muscles responsible for humeral motion can best be exercised in a rehabilitation program for the throwing athlete. Dynamic, fine wire, ...
Newton M - - 1991
Twenty-two male and female patients who had recently suffered a myocardial infarction were randomly assigned to a treatment group who participated in a 10-week exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation programme or a routine care group who did not participate in the rehabilitation programme. Physiological and psychological function were assessed before the programme ...
Niederman M S - - 1991
We evaluated the conditions of 33 patients who completed an outpatient pulmonary rehabilitation program to determine what types of improvements occurred, and whether these changes were related to the baseline degree of ventilatory impairment, to determine whether rehabilitation was beneficial to patients, regardless of the degree of underlying lung dysfunction. ...
Zu Wallack R L - - 1991
We evaluated the relationship of clinical characteristics, pulmonary function, and exercise test data to the degree of improvement in the 12-minute walking distance (12MD) in 50 ambulatory outpatients completing a six-week pulmonary rehabilitation program. The 12MD increased by 27.7 +/- 32.5 percent, or 462 +/- 427 ft, by the end ...
Digenio A G AG Cardiac Rehabilitation Centre, Johannesburg City Health - - 1991
Prescribed physical activity plays a major role in the rehabilitation of patients with coronary artery disease, and as with any other form of treatment its benefits must be weighed against its possible risks. This study attempted to establish the safety of cardiac rehabilitation as a medical intervention at the Johannesburg ...
LeFever F F - - 1991
For 70 rehabilitation patients aged 17 to 85 yr. mean ratios of number of symbols coded to number copied were .48 for 10 persons (16 to 19 yr.) and .47 for 60 (20 to 69 yr.) which compares with .44 for normal subjects. Coding and copying are moderately correlated, and ...
Duivenvoorden H J - - 1991
Predictability of the psychic outcome for two cardiac rehabilitation programmes was investigated in 119 myocardial infarction patients. They were randomly assigned to either a five-week daily exercise training or to an identical training in combination with six sessions of relaxation therapy, individually. The psychic outcome was constructed as a composite ...
Bandy W D - - 1991
The purposes of this case study are to report on the successful rehabilitation program of a college football player diagnosed as having a ruptured biceps brachii muscle and to discuss the basic rehabilitation concepts used for treatment planning. A review of the literature indicated agreement that the ruptured biceps brachii ...
Gulanick M - - 1991
In this study the effects of rehabilitation teaching plus exercise testing on perceived self-efficacy for and performance of daily activities were compared with and without exercise training. Subjects were patients who had had myocardial infarction or cardiac surgery (mean age 57.7 +/- 11.3 years) and who had already received inpatient ...
Hedbäck B E - - 1990
After coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), 49 nonselected patients followed a cardiac rehabilitation program that included medical follow-up and physical training, both in outpatient groups and on an individual basis at home. The effect of the program on exercise test variables, coronary risk factors, and medication one year after surgery ...
Nohara R - - 1990
This paper summarizes data gathered from an 8 years sports cardiac rehabilitation program at Kyoto University and satellite hospital (Takeda Hospital). In total, 185 patients were rehabilitated under our original program with no serious cardiac accidents. Compliance was 58.2% after 6 months of this rehabilitation. In patients selected to evaluate ...
Lemanski K M - - 1990
Cardiac rehabilitation patients' perceptions of their ability to perform an exercise prescription can mediate how much effort they will expand toward exercise compliance. A review is made of self-efficacy theory and its application in research investigating the relationship between the self-efficacy and physical activity. This article explores how the nurse ...
Sullivan S J SJ Department of Exercise Science, Concordia University, Montréal, Québec, - - 1990
The development of rehabilitation programmes for traumatically brain-injured persons is a complex and multidisciplinary effort. One aspect of such programmes is the development of physical work capacity via exercise or physical conditioning. This paper reviews literature dealing with the physical work capacity following traumatic brain injury and its responses to ...
Shumway-Cook A - - 1990
This article presents rehabilitation strategies for treatment of patients with vestibular deficits. Vestibular rehabilitation is an exercise-based approach designed to maximize central nervous system compensation for vestibular pathology. This paper reviews the physiologic rationale for an exercise-based approach and discusses specific assessment and treatment techniques involved in a vestibular rehabilitation ...
Squires R W RW Division of Cardiovascular Diseases and Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, - - 1990
Cardiovascular rehabilitation is defined as the process of development and maintenance of a desirable level of physical, social, and psychologic functioning after the onset of a cardiovascular illness. Patient education, counseling, nutritional guidance, and exercise training play prominent roles in the process of rehabilitation. Benefits from cardiac rehabilitation include improved ...
Steinberg F U - - 1990
This self-directed learning module discusses the deleterious effects of immobilization on the functional capacity of individual organ systems and on the body as a whole. It is a part of the chapter on physiatric therapeutics for the Self-Directed Medical Knowledge Program Study Guide for practitioners and trainees in physical medicine ...
Flores A M - - 1990
This self-directed learning module highlights advances in this topic area. It is part of the chapter on cardiovascular, pulmonary, and cancer rehabilitation for the Self-Directed Medical Knowledge Program Study Guide for practitioners and trainees in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. This section reviews the anatomy of the heart, physiology of exercise ...
Pink M - - 1990
Golf is a popular sport throughout the world, yet there is little in the literature that discusses the mechanics of the swing. The purpose of this study is to analyze the EMG activity in eight shoulder muscles of both the right and left arms during the golf swing. The results ...
Toshima M T - - 1990
Randomly assigned 119 adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease to an 8-week comprehensive rehabilitation program or to an 8-week education control program. Comprehensive pulmonary rehabilitation included education, physical and respiratory therapy instruction, psychosocial support, and supervised exercise training; education control included biweekly classroom instruction and discussions on respiratory therapy, medical ...
Rodgers M M - - 1990
This paper is adapted in part from a thesis written for the degree of Master of Arts from New York University, New York, and was supported in part by research grant RT-1 (c6) from the Social and Rehabilitation Services, Department of Health, Education, Welfare, Washington, DC under the designation of ...
Herdman S J - - 1989
Two exercise approaches can be used in the treatment of decreased or absent vestibular function--adaptation of the vestibular system and the substitution of alternative strategies to replace vestibular function. If the patient has remaining vestibular function, exercises that enhance vestibular adaptation are emphasized. Patients with complete loss of vestibular function ...
Salh W - - 1989
The role of exercise in aiding sputum expectoration in patients with cystic fibrosis and the comparative roles of exercise and physiotherapy in sputum expectoration were assessed in two studies. In the first study 19 adult patients undertook a two month programme of home exercise using a cycle ergometer. In the ...
Corriveau M L - - 1989
Pulmonary rehabilitation has proven beneficial for patients with chronic airway obstruction. In this study, the authors evaluate the effect of rehabilitation in elderly patients. Results show that the change in exercise capacity was not related to the patients' age, and suggest that age alone should not be an exclusionary criterion.
Nicholson G G - - 1989
Rehabilitation of shoulder injuries begins with a thorough physical examination. Treatment is directed toward correction of the abnormal examination findings with consideration of the pathology. Many of the manual procedures, exercises, and other physical agents may be used with modifications for treatment in many of the diagnostic categories. Continual reassessment ...
Lillis D L - - 1989
We evaluated the effect of routine exercise training sessions on the frequency of ventricular ectopic activity (VEA) in 18 coronary artery disease patients (mean age = 60 years) who were active participants in a cardiac rehabilitation program. Nine patients were classified as high risk and nine patients were low risk ...
Norré M E - - 1989
Vestibular habituation training is an exercise treatment for positional vertigo based on the assumption that such a type of vertigo can be cured by habituation effect. The latter is produced by repeating the situation eliciting vertigo. In this way the mechanisms of adaptation and compensation are stimulated, processes of which ...
Rechnitzer P A - - 1989
The beneficial response of post-infarct patients and elderly, clinically healthy individuals to exercise training programs has emphasized the very important role that rehabilitation plays in releasing undiscovered potential. Illness may sometimes provide a starting point, as a marker of our mortality, for using physical activity in rehabilitation as a powerful ...
Wenger N K - - 1989
The benefits of early ambulation and predischarge exercise testing for stable patients after acute myocardial infarction have been well documented. Early exercise testing can help stratify patients into risk categories; these can guide recommendations for further diagnostic testing for medical or surgical interventions, as well as suggest appropriate activity levels ...
Engle R P - - 1989
The treatment of posterior shoulder instability can be a frustrating experience for both the patient and the clinician. Although operative versus nonoperative treatment of this problem has been debated in the literature, and various surgical approaches presented, little specific information can be found regarding the components of an effective rehabilitation ...
Durand L G - - 1989
This paper describes a portable instrument designed to monitor progress accomplished by patients participating in a hand rehabilitation program. The instrument is driven by a microcontroller and features signal conditioning circuits to measure and record the strength and duration of hand contractions. An alphanumeric display provides the patient with performance ...
Ben-Shlomo L S - - 1988
Many rehabilitation patients have cardiovascular disease as a primary or secondary diagnosis. Such patients require careful evaluation before institution of vigorous therapeutic exercise and activity regimens. However, conventional exercise tests are often inappropriate due to orthopedic, neurologic, or functional limitations. This article introduces a new method of cardiac assessment, called ...
McInerney V K - - 1988
We have presented an overview of basic orthopedic rehabilitative exercises, techniques, and modalities. As our athletic population has become more insistent on performance enhancement techniques, the orthopedic surgeon has adopted a more aggressive approach to rehabilitation of the injured athlete. Many of the rehabilitation techniques and modalities outlined are very ...
Nehru B - - 1988
Disposition of sulphadiazine was assessed in young rhesus monkeys under three stages of nutritional manipulations i.e. control, protein calorie malnutrition (PCM) state and following nutritional rehabilitation. There was no alteration in the absorption kinetics except a delayed peak in the malnourished group. A decrease in volume of distribution of drug ...
Timm K E - - 1988
This study was an investigation into the influences of rehabilitation procedures on the long-term success of postsurgical knee patients. In a blind retrospective paradigm, the cases of 5,381 patients (2,417 females, 2,964 males; mean age, 32.7 years; age range, 13 to 61 years) were reviewed to correlate rehabilitation methods with ...
Norré M E - - 1988
Test results in patients with positional (provoked) vertigo corroborated the necessity of selecting the exercises for each particular patient. A test battery of 19 maneuvers was used. Results of all maneuvers were found to be positive, but in various combinations, constituting several interindividually different patterns. The basic requirement of vestibular ...
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