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Results 551 - 600 of 748
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Asplund D J - - 1995
Stair-climbing ergometry has become a popular mode of aerobic exercise, yet little research on the biomechanics of stair-climbing ergometry has been reported. This study was conducted to evaluate kinematics and myoelectric activity in major agonist muscle groups over 22 minutes of stair-climbing ergometry at 75% of each subject's predicted VO2max. ...
Dubach P - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Cardiac rehabilitation in central Europe traditionally involves isolating patients in a residential idyllic setting where exercise is performed frequently but in a relatively unstructured fashion. Few studies have been performed on the effects of these programs among patients who have undergone bypass surgery. Recent data suggest that postbypass patients ...
Shapira Itzha - - 1995
Modern medicine dictates a more active therapeutic approach in the geriatric population. This review summarizes relevant data on cardiac rehabilitation in patients aged 65 years or older. The cardiovascular risk factors in the elderly are similar to those in younger people; thus, treating hypertension or hypercholesterolemia, cessation of smoking, and ...
Pitney W A - - 1995
Creativity is a tacit component of a rehabilitation program that must be exercised by a clinician to avoid stagnation of rehabilitative innovation. Enhancing creativity can improve rehabilitation effectiveness but requires a conscious effort on the part of a clinician. There are many components to encouraging the creative process, but few ...
Levitt R - - 1995
This study assessed the effectiveness of surface integrated electromyographic (EMG) biofeedback in the rehabilitation of 51 patients undergoing minor arthroscopic knee surgery. Prior to surgery, both control (n = 23) and treatment (n = 28) groups received verbal and written explanations of postoperative isometric exercises; the treatment group received additional ...
Sullivan T E TE University of Cincinnati, OH, - - 1995
Patients' olfactory functioning is rarely considered by rehabilitation specialists because this capacity is seen as unnecessary for most vocational and academic purposes. However, several recent studies have shown that intermittent exposure to fragrances can help subjects sustain attention more efficiently. As this effect is especially pronounced when subjects report attention-maintenance ...
Lavie C J - - 1995
Despite the limitations of our study, we believe the current data support the beneficial effects of cardiac rehabilitation and exercise training in the elderly, including modest improvements in lipids, obesity indexes, behavioral characteristics, and quality-of-life parameters, and marked improvements in exercise capacity. In fact, elderly patients had greater improvements than ...
Flanagan S R - - 1995
Older patients who are referred for rehabilitation after undergoing orthopaedic procedures have numerous age-related conditions that may interfere with physical performance and safety. The general rehabilitation goals are to return each patient to the premorbid functional level of mobility and self-care, teach the exercises that are to be performed after ...
Irrgang J J - - 1995
The authors have presented basic guidelines and considerations for rehabilitation of the injured athlete. The use of various physical agents and therapeutic exercise in the rehabilitation of the injured athlete has been discussed. Clinical pathways for improving range of motion and muscle function and eliminating functional limitations and disability have ...
Foster C - - 1995
PURPOSE: Exercise-based rehabilitation programs improve effort tolerance in patients with cardiovascular disease. Little is known regarding the time course of recovery of objective and subjective indices of exercise tolerance. METHODS: Twenty-six patients were studied at 0, 4, 8, and 12 weeks following early entry into rehabilitation following acute myocardial infarction ...
Baumert P W PW - - 1995
Acute inflammation is an important part of the healing process after musculoskeletal injury, but unless it is controlled early, it can significantly hamper rehabilitation. Simple physical methods, such as immediate application of ice and adequate rest for the injured site, may be all that is required in mild injury. For ...
Bernadet P - - 1995
Today it is undisputed that physical exercise and sports activity have beneficial effects in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases. Heberden, who in 1772 brilliantly described the clinical manifestations of angina pectoris, anticipated the benefits of physical exercise when he asked whether "chopping wood for 30 min every day would not ...
Chu D A - - 1995
Rehabilitation of the lower extremities has fallen into two basic categories known as open and closed kinetic chain activities. Closed kinetic chain exercises are functional exercises specific to sport movement patterns. Exercises performed with a variety of equipment may be classified as closed kinetic chain. Program development should include a ...
Lavie C J - - 1995
We review data from our institution demonstrating the benefits of cardiac rehabilitation and exercise training on coronary risk factors, exercise capacity, behavioral characteristics, and quality of life in various subgroups of patients. In addition, we discuss our research in several other areas of preventive cardiology, including lipid disorders, hypertension, left ...
Goldstein R S - - 1995
Patients with chronic obstructive lung disease represent a major impact on the utilization of health care resources. The high prevalence of impairment, disability and handicap among this population has led to the development of programmes in respiratory rehabilitation that aim to increase exercise tolerance and quality of life. Programme requirements ...
Shepard N T - - 1995
Although the use of vestibular exercises for patients with persistent vertigo and dysequilibrium has received some attention for many years, organized vestibular rehabilitation therapy programs have only recently been introduced. The benefits of such programs are becoming widely accepted. They typically involve a three-pronged approach: habituation exercises designed to facilitate ...
Neatherlin J S - - 1994
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is a peripheral vestibular disorder affecting the posterior semicircular canal. It is most often idiopathic in nature, though it has been known to occur in patients following head injury, Meniere's disease, acoustic neuroma and viral neuronitis. Two basic theories of the pathology of BPPV include ...
Norré M E - - 1994
Posturography (PG) examines the influence of vestibular disturbance on standing balance via the vestibulospinal reflex. Testing under several conditions, in which the sensory input by vision and proprioception is impeded from contributing in a normal way, evaluates the "sensory interaction." In a number of patients with known peripheral vestibular disorders, ...
Pitney W A - - 1994
Graded exercise progressions are necessary during the rehabilitation process. We developed the Integrated Dynamic Exercise Advancement System (IDEAS) to fill this void. There appears to be a lack of progression/advancement systems for closed kinetic chain exercises, even though the IDEAS technique for advancing closed chain activities is comprised of two ...
Stenström C H - - 1994
Although about 80% of individuals with rheumatoid arthritis [RA] are functionally independent on any given occasion [1], substantial functional disability is often observed over time in the average patient [2]. One important goal in rehabilitation of individuals with RA is the prevention of functional decline, and therapeutic exercise is frequently ...
Foster C A - - 1994
Vestibular rehabilitation is a physical therapy programme for persons with symptomatic lesions of the vestibular system. When applied early in the course of recovery, it can hasten compensation. It can also reduce symptoms resulting from permanent deficits caused by vestibular injury. It has been shown to be effective when applied ...
Seto J L - - 1994
A complete and effective rehabilitation program begins with a thorough subjective and objective evaluation of the problem and injury presented. Biomechanical changes, whether they are anatomically induced or as a result of a form of compensation, must be identified and properly addressed. During the initial phase of rehabilitation, the issues ...
Sukthankar S M - - 1994
The management of dysphagia presents a major problem in the comprehensive rehabilitation of stroke and head injury patients. Dysphagia is a disorder of the swallowing process. Oral dysphagia refers to abnormalities in the oral phase of the swallowing mechanism. The oral phase of the swallowing mechanism is important for the ...
Ries A L - - 1994
Exercise has been shown to be an important component of pulmonary rehabilitation and may be associated with both physiologic and psychological benefits for patients with chronic lung disease. In evaluating patients for pulmonary rehabilitation, exercise testing can be useful in measuring exercise tolerance, assessing causes of exercise limitation, developing a ...
Kelsey D D - - 1994
Rehabilitation of the patient with lower extremity dysfunction is frequently limited to open kinetic chain exercise due to pain and weakness in weight-bearing positions. Although hydrotherapy has been used in the past as a method of reducing body weight forces, task-specific training is not possible due to the resistance offered ...
Trujillo L - - 1994
One of the most common complications of cleft palate patients is the high frequency of otitis media episodes that they present, due to eustachian tube dysfunction. This is not only a problem for the otolaryngologist who must handle these patients, but just as well for the phoniatrician, who must evaluate ...
Kormos R L - - 1994
Because of donor scarcity, 12 (39%) of a series of 31 Novacor left ventricular assist system recipients required mechanical circulatory support for an average of 125 days before transplantation (range, 61 to 303 days). Ten received a heart transplant and all survived to discharge. Two died of infection before transplantation ...
Lemke R R - - 1993
There have been a myriad of rehabilitation techniques for patients after temporomandibular joint (TMJ) surgery, varying from professionally delivered physical therapy to self use of tongue blades. Most recently continuous passive motion (CPM) has been introduced for postsurgical TMJ patients. The benefits of CPM have been attributed both to its ...
Wilk B R - - 1993
Arthroscopy of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is a new, relatively noninvasive surgical procedure for treating patients with TMJ dysfunction beyond nonsurgical management. The purpose of this commentary is to introduce a four-stage rehabilitation protocol currently used by the authors in the physical therapy management of a postarthroscopy TMJ patient with ...
Belman M J - - 1993
Sporadic visits to the local doctor followed sometimes by changes in oral and inhaled bronchodilators and occasionally by the addition of steroids frequently does little to significantly improve symptoms and function in the disabled patient with COPD. As in other chronic diseases, the management of these patients is facilitated by ...
Buchbinder D - - 1993
This study evaluated and compared the Therabite Jaw Motion Rehabilitation System (Therabite Corporation, Bryn Mawr, PA) to tongue blades as a technique for maintaining and/or improving mandibular range of motion in post-irradiated patients. Three groups of patients were evaluated and compared: 1) unassisted exercise, 2) mechanically assisted mandibular mobilization with ...
Wenger N K - - 1993
Contemporary rehabilitative care for coronary patients involves individualized recommendations and applications. The challenge to the physician is to select those services that are appropriate for a given patient, on the basis of both medical recommendations and patient preferences, so as to encourage progressive independence in rehabilitative care. The physician, patient, ...
Pierach C A - - 1993
The development of Bad Nauheim, a German spa that over 2 centuries became dominant in the attraction of patients with heart disease is described. Here, patients experienced a regimen of saline baths and mostly static exercises developed by the Schotts, 2 physician brothers. Concomitant with the bathing and exercises, there ...
Bittner V - - 1993
Demand for cardiac rehabilitation services is likely to increase as the prevalence of coronary heart disease increases due to aging of the population and as interventions such as thrombolysis, revascularization, and cardiac transplantation allow more patients to participate in structured exercise programs. In this era of cost containment, advocates of ...
Hiatt W R - - 1993
Exercise rehabilitation has traditionally been part of the management of patients with coronary artery disease, particularly in the recovery period from a myocardial infarction or after coronary artery bypass surgery. The benefits of exercise training and formal rehabilitation programs are not limited to patients with coronary artery disease, and special ...
Graves J E - - 1993
Graded exercise tests provide useful information for the prescription of exercise for cardiac patients. The responses to graded exercise depend on the mode of testing. The observed heart rate and electrocardiographic responses during graded exercise are used to establish an appropriate level or intensity of exercise at which the patient ...
Murray P M - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To compare the cardiovascular risk of exercise in the morning and afternoon in patients with established heart disease. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. PATIENTS: Patients with established heart disease referred for participation in a comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation program. INTERVENTION: Supervised, submaximal exercise (1 hour three times per week) performed either ...
Halling A H - - 1993
Rehabilitation of the anterior cruciate ligament absent or reconstructed knee is becoming a true artform. Accelerated, but controlled rehabilitation, is becoming more commonplace. Scientific-based data along with clinical experiences are the basis of the rehabilitation guidelines brought forth in this article. Anterior cruciate ligament strain and implications for exercise, continuous ...
Dubach P - - 1993
BACKGROUND: The traditional central European approach to cardiac rehabilitation involves sending patients to an idyllic setting, where they reside for a specified period following a cardiac event. Favorable results have been demonstrated using this approach in Germany, but to our knowledge no data have been reported from Switzerland, where these ...
Vale F - - 1993
Although it is generally accepted that outpatient pulmonary rehabilitation (OPR) improves exercise performance and quality of life (QOL), it is not well established whether these gains are sustained over time. To evaluate this, we attempted to contact the 71 patients who had completed our 6-week OPR program for follow-up 12-min ...
Bunton E E - - 1993
This paper defines the differences between open and closed kinetic chain exercise and explains the role of limb torque, muscle action, and proprioception during rehabilitation of the lower extremity. Closed kinetic chain rehabilitation is shown to decrease shear forces, increase proprioception, and increase muscle group coordination through examples of progressive ...
Levy J K - - 1993
Cardiovascular rehabilitation is the process of restoring functional abilities degraded by a serious cardiovascular event or by a surgical procedure to preempt such an event. Cardiovascular rehabilitation also includes attempts to reverse risk factors that have contributed initially to the disease process. Rehabilitation programs generally comprise disease-related educational components, supervised ...
Hickey M L - - 1992
Self-efficacy has been documented as a strong predictor of health behaviors. Unfortunately, availability of reliable and valid measures of self-efficacy for a range of health behaviors is still limited. This study validated two measures of cardiac risk factor self-efficacy: the Cardiac Diet Self-Efficacy Instrument (CDSEI) and the Cardiac Exercise Self-Efficacy ...
Gallegos X - - 1992
Electromyographic feedback in the treatment of facial paralysis has been shown to be a useful alternative to surgical procedures. In this paper we report on the partial recovery of a 7-year-old patient with congenital bilateral facial paralysis (Moebius syndrome) that had been considered untreatable by medical specialists. Biofeedback of electromyographic ...
Young J S - - 1992
Ninety-five percent of patients with acoustic neuroma experience some degree of vertigo preoperatively, postoperatively or both. Postoperative vertigo is often a debilitating condition that results when the eighth cranial nerve is severed during surgery to resect a tumor growing around the vestibular portion of this nerve. Thus, surgery for acoustic ...
Folta A - - 1992
This article summarizes the literature and suggests directions for future research concerning rehabilitation potential, impairment, and reduced cardiac output after myocardial infarction (MI). Current evidence suggests that cardiac output and maximal exercise capacity are reduced in some post-MI patients. The conceptual model of rehabilitation potential presented emphasizes the need for ...
Shelton G L - - 1992
Treating PFD starts with a thorough evaluation so that an accurate diagnosis can be made and a specific treatment plan established. A standardized, cookbook treatment approach can be avoided by adapting each rehabilitation program to the patient's specific needs without creating additional symptoms. Although many different strengthening modes have been ...
Clark C J - - 1992
The wide interpatient and intrapatient variability in asthma severity necessitates an individualized approach to rehabilitation. Objectives of management are first, to determine the exercise capacity of the patient; second, to prescribe specific exercise rehabilitation according to the results of evaluation and illness severity; and third, to provide supervised hospital-based programs ...
Bertie J - - 1992
The British Heart Foundation and the Chest, Heart and Stroke Association have allocated funds to develop cardiac rehabilitation programmes. We have recently completed and now evaluate an exercise-based rehabilitation course reinforced with advice about return to normal activity for 110 patients who had suffered acute myocardial infarction. Patients admitted to ...
Horak F B - - 1992
Vestibular rehabilitation is a specific approach to physical therapy aimed at reducing dizziness and imbalance by facilitating central nervous system compensation for peripheral vestibular dysfunction. This article reports preliminary results of studies concerning the relative effectiveness of vestibular rehabilitation, general conditioning exercises, and vestibular suppressant medication on dizziness and imbalance ...
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