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Results 501 - 550 of 748
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Schairer J R - - 1998
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe estimated caloric expenditure among patients in a maintenance cardiac rehabilitation program relative to a stated goal of approximately 300 kcal/session or 1,000 kcal/week. Additionally, we assessed the validity of several different methods for estimating caloric expenditure. METHODS: The caloric expenditure for ...
Fulcher S M - - 1998
Overuse injuries are the result of repetitive microtrauma to the musculotendinous unit. Treatment protocols are based on the stage of the inflammatory process that is active at the time of diagnosis. Control of the inflammatory response with rest, elevation, and ice is the treatment objective during the inflammatory stage. Prevention ...
Tribukait A - - 1998
The subjective visual horizontal (SVH) was measured by means of a small rotatable luminous line in darkness in the upright body position and at 10, 20 and 30 degrees of body tilt to the right and left prior to, and during a follow-up period after, stapedotomy in 12 patients with ...
Emtner M - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To determine if asthmatic patients who had participated in a 10-week rehabilitation program with emphasis on physical training (1) continued with physical training, (2) maintained their improved cardiovascular condition and lung function, and (3) retained their good asthma control through the following 3 years. DESIGN: A descriptive 3-year follow-up ...
Hintermeister R A - - 1998
Muscle activity (measured by electromyography) and applied load were measured during seven shoulder rehabilitation exercises done with an elastic resistance device. Nineteen men with no shoulder abnormalities performed seven exercises: external and internal rotation, forward punch, shoulder shrug, and seated rowing with a narrow, middle, and wide grip. Qualitative video ...
Agostini D - - 1998
Exercise training can induce important haemodynamic and metabolic adaptations in patients with chronic heart failure due to severe left ventricular dysfunction. This study examined the impact of exercise rehabilitation on cardiac neuronal function using iodine-123 metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scintigraphy, Fourteen patients (11 men, 3 women; mean age 48 years; range: 36-66 ...
Juker D - - 1998
PURPOSE: Since most previous reports of EMG activation profiles from psoas and the abdominal wall have been qualitative, the objective of this work was to document myoelectric activity from these deep muscles. This knowledge is required to assist in choosing specific training exercises and for making rehabilitation decisions that require ...
Lempert T T MRC Human Movement and Balance Unit, National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, London, - - 1998
We studied horizontal eye movements evoked by lateral whole body translation in nine patients who underwent vestibular nerve section. Preoperatively, all had preserved caloric function on both sides. Testing was performed before, 1 week and 6-10 weeks after surgery. Patients were seated upright in an electrically powered car running on ...
Clendaniel R A - - 1997
Once the episodic spells of vertigo associated with Meniere's disease have abated, vestibular rehabilitation exercises play an important role in promoting adaptation to the decreased vestibular input. Outlines of different treatment approaches for three types of patients with Meniere's disease are presented. The exercise approaches advocated here consist of exercises ...
Colangelo R M - - 1997
End-stage renal disease (ESRD) is a major health problem in the United States. Many patients with ESRD experience a decline in physical functioning as a result of the disease process and its associated sequelae. Cardiovascular changes, anemia, and skeletal muscle weakness contribute significantly to this decreased capacity, leading, in many ...
de Angelis E C - - 1997
Voice and speech disorders are common in Parkinson's disease patients and may lead to social isolation. We employed routine clinical voice therapy measures to evaluate the effect of voice rehabilitation. Twenty patients with a stable drug regimen participated in this study. The patients were assessed before and after a program ...
Womack C J - - 1997
The effect of exercise rehabilitation on the oxygen cost of ambulation in patients with peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD) was evaluated with specific emphasis on the effects of exercise rehabilitation on the slow component of VO2. Because the slow component of VO2 represents an increase in VO2 despite constant-intensity exercise, ...
Gauvin L - - 1997
This laboratory experiment used random digit dialing procedures to recruit a community sample of physically inactive participants into a study that was designed to examine the impact of different intensities of acute aerobic exercise on feeling states. Sedentary men (n 5 36) and women (n 5 36) were randomly assigned ...
Griffiths G P - - 1997
Correct diagnosis of complete or partial ruptures of the pectoralis major muscle complex is important because of the muscle's vital role in shoulder function. Three case reports are used here to support a discussion of diagnosis and treatment. The diagnosis can usually be made with a history and physical exam, ...
Losito J M - - 1997
Rehabilitation of foot and ankle injuries is essential for full functional recovery and prevention of chronic disease. Rehabilitation includes the usage of physical therapy modalities and rehabilitative exercise whose goals are the reduction of pain and edema and the increase of strength and proprioception. Physical therapy modalities may be classified ...
Herdman S J - - 1997
This article discusses the pathophysiology, evidence of treatment efficacy, and factors that contribute to improved treatment outcome in three different vestibular disorders. In patients with unilateral and bilateral vestibular loss, recent research suggests that customized, supervised exercises facilitate recovery of postural stability. These exercises are based on knowledge of normal ...
Casaburi R - - 1997
We determined the effect on exercise tolerance and physiological exercise responses of rigorous rehabilitative exercise training in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Fifteen men and 10 women (mean age, 68 +/- 6 yr; FEV1, 0.93 +/- 0.27 L) participated in a rehabilitation program with an exercise component of three per ...
Lacasse Y - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To determine the contribution of the various components of a rehabilitation program to the improvement of exercise capacity and health-related quality of life (HRQL) in patients with COPD. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE (1966 to April 1996) was searched. Abstracts presented at international conferences were also hand searched for additional relevant ...
Lavie C J - - 1997
Elderly women are frequently not referred to cardiac rehabilitation programs. The data provided in this study, which demonstrate the benefits on exercise capacity, obesity indexes, behavioral characteristics, quality of life, and plasma lipids, support the idea that elderly women should be routinely referred to and vigorously encouraged to attend these ...
Shiran A - - 1997
In order to identify patients who benefit most from a cardiac rehabilitation program, we studied retrospectively all patients who completed a 3-month comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation program during a 2-year period. Questionnaires regarding physical exercise habits were sent to 122 patients and returned by 117 (96%) of them (53 post-acute myocardial ...
Cantwell J D - - 1997
A 62-year-old woman entered a cardiac rehabilitation program for help with weight loss and fitness, and also for monitoring of episodic atrial fibrillation, which had begun in 1992. She was able to exercise without triggering atrial fibrillation. Additional past medical problems included glucose intolerance (treated with diet), hyperlipidemia, hypertension, migraine ...
Hollmann W - - 1997
Ergospirometry is a diagnostic procedure to continuously measure respiration and gas metabolism during ergometer exercise. It enables judgement of function and performance capacity of the cardiopulmonary system and metabolism. Ergospirometry is made up of the 2 components spirometry and ergometry. The first attempts to measure human gas metabolism while performing ...
Timm K E - - 1997
Patient rehabilitation following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction is a continuing challenge for physical therapists. This study compared the effectiveness of an established protocol to a new program which included Protonics exercise. Sixty patient (42 males and 18 females; mean age = 24.7 +/- 3.9 years; age range = 19-30 years) ...
Burdea G - - 1997
This paper describes recent results of a unified computerized system for hand diagnosis and rehabilitation. Automatic diagnosis data collection and Virtual Reality rehabilitation exercises are the main characteristics of the system. The diagnosis subsystem includes a tactile sensing glove in addition to standard devices such as electronic dynamometer, pinchmeter and ...
Maines T Y - - 1997
Previous studies have indicated the benefits of cardiac rehabilitation programs after major coronary artery disease (CAD) events. We studied 591 consecutive patients from two academic institutions before and after completion of a cardiac rehabilitation and exercise training program to determine the effects of this therapy on exercise capacity, indices of ...
Bock B C - - 1997
Patients who participate in cardiac rehabilitation programs (CRP) experience significant improvements in quality of life, rehospatilization rates, and mortality associated with cardiovascular disease. The potential efficacy of CRP is limited however, by significant program dropout rates and poor patient adherence to prescribed exercise regimens following rehabilitation. Recently, models of motivational ...
Lauritsen P - - 1997
Two examples taken from computer programs for cognitive rehabilitation of patients with schizophrenia show how different groups of clinicians attribute different meanings to the same exercise. This illustrates that the meaning of an artifact or a technology is socially constructed and thereby intimately bound to the context of use. This ...
Surburg P R - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this survey was for comparison with a similar 1981 survey to determine if proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) techniques are being implemented in the same manner today. DESIGN AND SETTING: The survey was made available at the 1993 NATA Clinical Symposium. SUBJECTS: The subjects were 131 athletic ...
Cambach W - - 1997
The present multicentre study evaluates the differences in efficacy between a 3 month rehabilitation programme including drug treatment, and a 3 month control period of drug treatment only, for asthmatic patients and patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The programme was run by physiotherapists in eight local practices, and ...
Pepino A - - 1996
Exercise is the central feature in the rehabilitative treatment of hemiplegic patients. In cognitive rehabilitation, great importance is attributed to the recovery of a sufficient number of proprioceptive channels before expecting the patient to regain voluntary control. The PERM [Piattaforma (Platform), Elettropneumatica (Electropneumatic) per (for) Riabilitazione (Rehabilitation) Motoria (Motor)] is ...
Mahler D A - - 1996
Noninvasive measurement of metabolic and cardiorespiratory variables can be readily obtained using computerized systems as part of exercise testing of patients on a cycle ergometer or treadmill. The major indications for CPEX are: to assess exercise-related symptoms, especially dyspnea and chest pain; to measure exercise capacity including acceptability of patients ...
Capodaglio P - - 1996
Accessible indicators for setting exertion levels in newly injured paraplegias could be useful to improve their daily and occupational performances in less time than is presently required. Eight male newly injured paraplegic subjects performed progressive resisted and endurance exercise tests on an arm cranking ergometer. Cardiorespiratory parameters during exercise were ...
Lacasse Y - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Respiratory rehabilitation is increasingly recognised as an important part of the management of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The widespread application of such programmes should be preceded by evidence of directly attributable improvements in function. We assessed the effect of respiratory rehabilitation on exercise capacity and health-related ...
Dunbar C C - - 1996
It is often difficult to use heart rate to prescribe exercise for cardiac patients due to the effects of medications and procedures such as cardiac transplantation. Ratings of Perceived Exertion (RPE) is the preferred method of regulating exercise intensity in these situations. An RPE-based exercise prescription has previously depended on ...
Mackey F - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To determine if the physical design and organizational structure of rehabilitation units is related to the amount of patients' motor activity. DESIGN: An observational study was conducted; time samples of the motor activity of patients following stroke were taken between 7AM and 7PM both on weekdays and weekends. SETTING: ...
Lavie C J - - 1996
Even elderly patients > or = 75 years of age with coronary artery disease have modest improvements in lipid levels and marked improvements in exercise capacity, behavioral characteristics, and quality-of-life parameters after cardiac rehabilitation and exercise training programs. These data support that even very elderly patients with coronary artery disease ...
Randall T - - 1996
This case study describes the rehabilitation of 10 active duty U.S. soldiers with exertional rhabdomyolysis. The pathophysiology of rhabdomyolysis is discussed. The initial management is concerned with accurate diagnosis and monitoring of laboratory values to prevent complications. Active and passive range of motion, strength, and induration were used as indicators ...
Vongvanich P - - 1996
Medically supervised exercise continues to have a low major cardiovascular complication rate. Direct gym supervision by a physician does not appear necessary for safety. The currently proposed cardiac rehabilitation risk stratification criteria do not appear to identify patients at risk for these major complications. The safety of exercise programs with ...
Friedman A W - - 1996
There have been no specific exercise or daily activity guidelines determined for patients with automatic implantable cardioverter defibrillators. Two patients, one with a Ventritex Cadence Model V-100 defibrillator and one with a CPI Ventak Model 1550 defibrillator were enrolled in monitored cardiac rehabilitation. One patient had symptoms of syncope and ...
Wheatley W B - - 1996
The athlete with a meniscal injury can be returned to activity quickly and safely with appropriate treatment and rehabilitation. When injuries occur in the relatively avascular inner zones of the meniscus, partial meniscectomy is usually the treatment of choice. The rehabilitation programme should emphasise decreasing inflammation, restoring motion, increasing strength, ...
Vitale A E - - 1996
A modified Delphi technique was used to obtain group consensus among 31 rehabilitation professionals (RPs) from nine rehabilitation centres throughout the province of Québec (Canada) to ascertain their expert opinion on the health risk factors (HRF) to be verified prior to beginning an exercise programme or evaluation for patients with ...
Denise P - - 1996
Off vertical axis rotation (OVAR) is a stimulus that can be used to assess the otolith-ocular reflex. However, experimental data suggest that isolated unilateral lesion of the lateral semicircular canal (SCC) nerve could modify responses to OVAR. Thus, to determine what nystagmus variables are not affected by SCC dysfunction and ...
Marciniuk D D - - 1996
Exercise testing has become an essential tool in the management of patients with CAL. In addition to its ability to assess exercise limitation objectively, it has usefulness in detecting the presence or absence of associated disease processes, in assessing the response to therapies, in allowing assessment of the importance of ...
Nirschl R P - - 1996
Tennis elbow involves damage to the forearm muscles and tendons. Rehabilitation from this painful condition usually includes rest, icing, stretching exercises, improving tennis technique, and using an elbow strap called a counterforce brace. But perhaps the most important part of rehabilitation is strengthening exercises, which both promote recovery and help ...
Daida H - - 1996
To investigate the improvement in exercise capacity of transplant patients after an early postoperative (phase II) cardiac rehabilitation program during the first year after surgery, we analyzed retrospectively exercise capacity within 3 months (at the completion of phase II rehabilitation) and 1 year after surgery in 17 orthotopic heart transplantation ...
Telian S A - - 1996
Although the concept of using exercises as part of the treatment for patients with persistent vertigo was introduced several decades ago, organized vestibular rehabilitation therapy programs have only recently been introduced. These programs typically involve a three-pronged approach, customized to the needs of the individual patient: (1) habituation exercises designed ...
Butcher J D - - 1996
Rupture of the pectoralis major muscle and tendon, which occurs most frequently among weight lifters but has been reported in many sports, can most often be diagnosed based on the history and physical exam. Surgical intervention for complete ruptures has a clear advantage over conservative therapy. Athletes of all levels ...
Ishida A - - 1996
We studied 19 patients with acute hepatitis who were instructed to follow a 5-stage exercise regimen. The mean period of hospitalization was 31.9 days, slightly shorter than the mean duration for acute hepatitis patients. The exercise program had no adverse effects on the patients. They returned to works an average ...
Emtner M - - 1996
Twenty-six adults (23 to 58 years) with mild to moderate asthma underwent a 10-week supervised rehabilitation program, with emphasis on physical training. In the first 2 weeks, they exercised daily in an indoor swimming pool (33 degrees C) and received education about asthma, medication, and principles of physical training. In ...
Balady G J - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Using information collected prospectively from a multicenter cardiac rehabilitation database, this study was designed to evaluate baseline exercise tolerance and subsequent change in functional capacity among consecutive patients enrolled in supervised cardiac rehabilitation stratified according to age and gender. In addition, the study evaluated change in functional capacity among ...
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