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Results 451 - 500 of 748
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McMullen J - - 2000
To introduce an approach to shoulder rehabilitation that integrates the kinetic chain throughout the rehabilitation program while providing the theoretical rationale for this program. The focus of a typical rehabilitation program is to identify and treat the involved structures. However, in activities of sport and daily life, the body does ...
Konnur M K - - 2000
The role of rehabilitation in the management of vertigo is limited to a very specific group of conditions. An Occupational therapist who is a part of the multidisciplinary team treating the vertiginous patient, with the knowledge of physiology and therapeutic benefit of vestibular rehabilitation can widen the rehabilitation spectrum for ...
Tyler T F - - 2000
Knowledge of current surgical procedures and the effect they have on healing tissue is important when developing rehabilitation guidelines. Recently, clinicians have been asked to treat patients who have undergone Electrothermally-Assisted Capsulorrhaphy (ETAC) for shoulder instability. The ultimate tensile strength of the tightened capsule is unknown during various timeframes following ...
Thein J M - - 2000
To describe the application of aquatic rehabilitative exercise to injuries of the upper extremity. Water has been used for centuries as a medium for rehabilitation, relaxation, and training. Athletes use the pool to rehabilitate specific injuries, as a training medium during injury recovery, and as an alternative training site. The ...
- - 2000
This a position paper of the Working Group on Electrocardiology, Exercise Testing and Cardiac rehabilitation of the Belgian Society of Cardiology (BSC), aimed at reassessing the value for the clinical practice of cardiology of some electrocardiological techniques such as vectorcardiography and Holter monitoring in the frame of what has been ...
Katzel L I - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Exercise rehabilitation is advocated to improve function in patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) who have intermittent claudication. Patients with PAD often have comorbid medical problems that may interfere with their ability to safely participate in exercise rehabilitation programs. There is a paucity of information regarding the medical comorbidities ...
Donald I P - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Comparison of two flooring types--carpet and vinyl--in the bed areas, and two modes of physiotherapy--conventional therapy and additional leg strengthening exercises--in avoiding falls. DESIGN: Randomized 2 x 2 controlled trial. SETTING: Elderly care rehabilitation ward in a community hospital. SUBJECTS: Fifty-four consecutive patients referred for rehabilitation. OUTCOME MEASURES: The ...
Grealy M A - - 2000
Whilst substantial advances in rehabilitation programmes for brain injured children have been made, there is still a fundamental need to improve understanding of the rehabilitation process and how this can be incorporated into practice. It is argued here that taking a neurological approach to improving cognition, mood and social functioning ...
Lexell J - - 2000
Our knowledge of muscle function in chronic neurological disorders, the effects of exercise, and how the effects might translate into improvements in activities of daily living is very limited. By building a bridge between basic muscle physiology and clinical rehabilitation, our knowledge of the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying muscle dysfunction in ...
Wijkstra P J - - 2000
Rehabilitation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has been shown to be an effective treatment and can be carried out in different settings, i.e. inpatient, outpatient or home-based. This review focuses on home-based rehabilitation and four important issues are discussed. 1) Which patients should received home-based rehabilitation? 2) ...
Ades P A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to compare the effectiveness of home-based, transtelephonically monitored cardiac rehabilitation with standard, on-site, supervised cardiac rehabilitation. BACKGROUND: Participation in cardiac rehabilitation has been demonstrated to increase exercise capacity, decrease cardiovascular symptoms, improve psychosocial status, and decrease total and cardiovascular mortality rates in patients ...
Estorch M - - 2000
Exercise rehabilitation improves the clinical status in ischaemic heart disease. The purpose of this study was to assess the influence of exercise rehabilitation on myocardial perfusion and sympathetic heart innervation. Sixteen patients with ischaemic heart disease and previous myocardial infarction were investigated by means of exercise/rest tetrofosmin and metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) ...
Popescu V G - - 2000
A PC-based orthopedic rehabilitation system was developed for use at home, while allowing remote monitoring from the clinic. The home rehabilitation station has a Pentium II PC with graphics accelerator, a Polhemus tracker, and a multipurpose haptic control interface. This novel interface is used to sample a patient's hand positions ...
Agre J C - - 2000
This self-directed learning module briefly highlights the differential diagnosis for acute weakness in patients with acute respiratory failure requiring prolonged mechanical ventilation. It is part of the chapter on neuromuscular rehabilitation and electrodiagnosis in the Self-Directed Physiatric Education Program for practitioners and trainees in physical medicine and rehabilitation. This article ...
Ringbaek T J - - 2000
Several studies of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have shown that pulmonary rehabilitation, consisting of at least three training sessions a week, improves exercise performance and health status. This study investigates feasibility, effect and economic aspects of a rehabilitation programme consisting of two sessions a week for 8 weeks. Twenty-four ...
Stein R A - - 2000
Exercise training for cardiac rehabilitation has evolved over the past decades in response to a growing knowledge base in exercise physiology, an expanding understanding to the knowledge base of coronary disease, and a change in the patients presenting for cardiac rehabilitation. The patient population has changed from a post myocardial ...
Cottin Y - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The most common effect of postmyocardial infarction (post MI) rehabilitation is an increase of peak maximal oxygen consumption correlated with changes in calf muscle metabolism, but there are few data on follow-up after rehabilitation on skeletal muscle and maximal oxygen consumption. The purpose of this study was to investigate ...
Jolliffe J A - - 2000
The burden of cardiovascular disease world-wide is one of great concern to patients and health care agencies alike. Circulatory diseases, including myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke, kill more people than any other disease. Cardiac rehabilitation aims to restore patients who have suffered myocardial infarction to optimal health through exercise only ...
Criner G J - - 1999
Several uncontrolled studies report improvement in lung function, gas exchange, and exercise capacity after bilateral lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS). We recruited 200 patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) for a prospective randomized trial of pulmonary rehabilitation versus bilateral LVRS with stapling resection of 20 to 40% of ...
Horrigan J M - - 1999
PURPOSE: Methods of determining muscle usage for exercises involving rotator cuff muscles are limited. Therefore, this investigation used magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to evaluate the effect of three different exercises used for rehabilitation of the rotator cuff. METHODS: Five normal volunteer subjects (3 men, 2 women, mean age 31.4 yr) ...
Karmiel J C - - 1999
Quality of life and physical well-being are significant concerns in end-stage renal disease (ESRD). The complications of ESRD combined with patient illness and inactivity result in deconditioning and disability. There has been a recent movement toward rehabilitation for these individuals in the past several years. The following information was presented ...
Fuchs-Climent D - - 1999
The quality of life and the exercise endurance of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease are impaired. The aim of our study was to determine the impact of a 3-wk intensive inpatient rehabilitation program on the quality of life of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and to examine the ...
Grealy M A - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of exercise and virtual reality (VR) on the cognitive rehabilitation of persons with traumatic brain injury (TBI). DESIGN: Before-after trial assessed cognitive function after a 4-week intervention program. A random allocation crossover assessed changes in reaction and movement times after a single bout of VR ...
Lavie C J - - 1999
Depression is prevalent in women with coronary artery disease, and increases morbidity and mortality following major coronary events. We demonstrated that women with depression had markedly abnormal overall cardiovascular risk profiles and have marked benefits in exercise capacity, obesity indexes, behavioral characteristics (including depression), and quality of life following formal, ...
McConnell T R - - 1999
BACKGROUND: High waist-to-hip ratios (WHRs) predispose individuals to metabolic syndromes that may affect outcome responses to cardiac rehabilitation programs. METHODS: A total of 101 male patients who had undergone coronary artery revascularization surgery and completed 12 weeks of cardiac rehabilitation were divided into lower (LOWHR, n = 51) and higher ...
Lacasse Y - - 1999
The purpose of this study was to critically appraise overviews of respiratory rehabilitation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in order to verify to what extent they convey evidence-based information helpful in implementing new rehabilitation programmes. A Medline search (1985-September 1995) for overviews related to rehabilitation, exercise therapy, education and/or ...
Ridgway K - - 1999
This article introduces the importance of considering all related physical findings, evaluating the whole horse and determining the root cause in order to achieve the best treatment results, prevent recurrence, and return the patient to full function. The roles of shoeing, turnout, teeth, training aids and devices, compensatory lameness, working ...
Braith Randy W. - - 1999
Elderly cardiovascular disease patients are not aggressively referred to cardiac rehabilitation programs due to concerns regarding orthopedic fragility, hemodynamic risk, and life expectancy. However, there is a growing consensus that older cardiovascular patients enrolled in rehabilitation programs will derive the same magnitude of improvement in functional capacity as their younger ...
Paul-Labrador M - - 1999
PURPOSE: Four authoritative organizations (American Association of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Rehabilitation [AACVPR], the American College of Cardiology [ACC], the American College of Physicians [ACP], and the American Heart Association [AHA]) have risk stratification guidelines for supervised exercise in patients with cardiovascular disease. The ability of the guidelines to predict exercise ...
Oki M - - 1999
Obturator prostheses have been extensively used in the functional rehabilitation of maxillectomy patients. The purpose of this study was to evaluate in vitro the vibration movements of three types of obturator prostheses. Three types of bulbs were used: the solid type, the buccal flange type, and the hollow type. Modal ...
D'Agosta L - - 1999
The aim was to extend the linguistic, social and cognitive aspects of communication skills. The method was to use meaningful contexts and to attribute new significance to errors. Methods used were phonetic games (to improve speech production) and exercises (to increase reading and writing skills). The results after 18 months ...
Calzolari A - - 1999
Exercise testing is an exceedingly useful noninvasive method for assessing cardiovascular function not only at rest but also during programmed, supervised physical exercise. Exercise testing has been intensively studied to delineate the cardiovascular response in various disorders [3-5, 15, 19, 22, 23, 26, 32]. Exercise testing as a tool for ...
Clarke A K - - 1999
If rehabilitation aims to improve function, the demonstration of its effectiveness requires functional assessment, rather than the standard clinical and laboratory tests beloved of many rheumatologists. Medical interventions are not often evaluated for their contribution to improved function, and this omission must be addressed in the future. The evidence, where ...
Popescu V - - 1999
A PC-based orthopedic rehabilitation system was developed for use at home, while allowing for remote monitoring from the clinic. The home rehabilitation station has a Pentium II PC with graphics accelerator, Polhemus tracker, and a novel Multipurpose Haptic Control Interface with its own Pentium board. This interface is used to ...
Cambach W - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To present a critical review and meta-analysis of studies evaluating the long-term effects of pulmonary rehabilitation in patients with asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). DATA SOURCES: A database of articles published over the last 45 years, compiled by using medical subject heading key words pulmonary, obstructive, rehabilitation, ...
Powers J M - - 1999
The role of exercise and sport in the lives of intravenous drug users (n = 45) was assessed, using an interviewer-administered open-ended questionnaire. Results demonstrated a high level of exercise and sport interest in this population (64%). Being a sports fan was also found in most of the responses (72%). ...
Berkhuysen M A - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The authors examined the importance of the frequency of aerobic exercise training in multidisciplinary rehabilitation in improving health-related quality of life in the short run in patients with documented coronary artery disease. METHODS: Patients (114 males and 16 females; age range, 32-70 years) were randomized into either a high-frequency ...
Dunbar C C - - 1998
For patient populations whose heart rates cannot be used to regulate exercise intensity, the Borg Rating of Perceived Exertion (RPE) Scale is the preferred way to prescribe exercise intensity. Individual perceptual variations are best quantified by measuring perceptual intensity during maximal exercise testing; however, many situations require a submaximal protocol. ...
Dockery M L - - 1998
Passive shoulder motion is standard early rehabilitation in patients undergoing rotator cuff repair. A number of rehabilitation protocols exist to obtain this goal. This article evaluated different rehabilitation protocols using electromyographic analysis of the rotator cuff muscles to determine if the different protocols promote passive motion. Ten healthy volunteers underwent ...
McConnell T R - - 1998
PURPOSE: To compare the progress of patients who were exercise tested before or during cardiac rehabilitation versus those patients who were not tested. METHODS: Eighty-eight (88) post-myocardial infarction patients and 141 post-bypass surgery patients had a symptom-limited exercise test before or during 12 weeks of cardiac rehabilitation. Another 125 post-myocardial ...
Maier W - - 1998
Exponential evolution of percutaneous, catheter-based revascularization has modified traditional premises of cardiac rehabilitation. With increasing numbers of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTCA) procedures relative to coronary artery bypass grafting interventions, the need for in-patient rehabilitation is declining; on the other hand, the need for life-style counselling within the framework of out-patient ...
Abdullah T I - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Complications of axillary surgery occur due to severance of the intercostobrachial nerve (ICBN). The feasibility and benefit of preserving the ICBN to prevent sensory loss was studied prospectively. METHODS: Sensory symptoms and deficits were documented, and shoulder movement and arm circumference were measured at discharge and 3 months later ...
Fabiato, Francois Stephane
PREDICTING PHYSICAL FITNESS OUTCOMES IN CARDIAC REHABILITATION PATIENTS by Francois S. Fabiato (ABSTRACT) Economic justification for rehabilitative services has resulted in the need for outcome based research which could quantify success or failure in individual patients and formulate baseline variables which could predict outcomes. The purpose of this study is ...
Singh S J - - 1998
Pulmonary rehabilitation is widely available in North America and parts of Europe for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Here, we describe the feasibility and benefits of providing a comprehensive but cost effective pulmonary rehabilitation programme in a U.K. district general hospital. Two hundred and sixty-seven patients with respiratory ...
Fujisawa H - - 1998
Water exercises are used for early rehabilitation programs after shoulder injury such as rotator cuff tear, yet no literature discusses the muscle activity of such rehabilitation programs in water. The purpose of this study was to analyze the electromyographic activity from 8 volunteers during isometric exercises in water and on ...
van Dixhoorn J - - 1998
The effect of individual instruction in relaxation and breathing, additional to an exercise training program, was investigated in 76 post-myocardial infarction patients after rehabilitation and at 3 months follow-up. Respiration rate (RR), heart rate (HR) and respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) were the outcome variables used to compare experimental (exercise plus ...
Lear L J - - 1998
Current literature recommends incorporating push-up progressions into upper extremity rehabilitation for advanced training of the scapular stabilizers. No documentation exists to demonstrate changes in the level of muscle activation when push-up progressions are performed. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of difficulty level for push-ups on ...
Strupp M - - 1998
OBJECTIVE AND BACKGROUND: Animal experiments have shown that central vestibular compensation of unilateral peripheral vestibular lesions can be improved by vestibular exercises. There are, however, no equivalent clinical studies on the efficacy of such specific physiotherapy on acute unilateral peripheral vestibular lesions in humans. DESIGN AND METHODS: To quantify the ...
Oldridge N - - 1998
Rehabilitation for patients with heart disease consists of exercise training, behavioral interventions, counseling, and education with the goal of improving physiologic and psychosocial status. The Cardiac Rehabilitation Clinical Practice Guidelines, recently published in the United States, list the most substantial benefits of cardiac rehabilitation as an improvement in exercise tolerance, ...
Wedzicha J A - - 1998
This study tested the hypothesis that severity of respiratory disability may affect the outcome of pulmonary rehabilitation. In this randomized, controlled study, 126 patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) were stratified for dyspnoea using the Medical Research Council (MRC) dyspnoea score into MRC3/4 (Moderate) (n=66) and MRC 5 (Severe) ...
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