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Results 351 - 400 of 836
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Richard R - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to show that the chronotropic potential of the well trained heart transplant recipient (HTR) does not limit exercise capacity. BACKGROUND: Chronotropic incompetence is considered to be the main limiting factor of the functional capacity of heart transplant recipients. However, no systematic study had ...
Lewis B S - - 1999
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Nitrate therapy improves hemodynamics in patients with heart failure, but the chronic effects of oral nitrates on exercise performance and clinical status have not been well studied. METHODS: Oral isosorbide-5-mononitrate (ISMN) (50 mg once daily) or placebo was administered to 136 patients (NYHA Class 2-3) treated for ...
Asakuma S - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: The accurate determination of limitations in physical activity is important in evaluating patients with heart failure and in assessing the efficacy of treatment. However, the conventional measures used to evaluate hemodynamics, functional class, and exercise capacity all have limitations. Our objective was to develop a simple method (The Master-Borg ...
Dimopoulou I - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The importance of exercise capacity as an indicator of prognosis in patients with heart disease is well recognized. However, factors contributing to exercise limitation in such patients have not been fully characterized and in particular, the role of lung function in determining exercise capacity has not been extensively investigated. ...
Taylor A - - 1999
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Whilst cardiac rehabilitation is regularly offered to patients recovering from a myocardial infarction, people with chronic heart failure are often excluded from exercise training programmes. This study was designed to investigate the effects of eight weeks' exercise training in patients with moderate chronic heart failure. METHOD: Eight ...
Mancini D M - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Mechanical, histological, and biochemical improvement has been described in patients after left ventricular assist device (LVAD) support. Explantation of the LVADs without heart transplantation has been described in selected patients who received this therapy as a bridge to transplantation. METHODS AND RESULTS: A retrospective review of patients receiving a ...
Hampton J R - - 1998
BACKGROUND: There has been conflicting evidence of the effect of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors on exercise tolerance. Meta-analysis of published results has suggested that a beneficial effect of ACE inhibitors is demonstrated if a trial design is adequate. SETTING: Multicentre International Trial. METHODS: In a double-blind, randomized, multicentre trial, 292 ...
Newby D E - - 1998
AIMS: To assess the effect of candoxatril, a novel neutral endopeptidase inhibitor, on exercise capacity, clinical status and quality of life in patients with mild to moderate chronic heart failure receiving angiotensin converting enzyme inhibition. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients were recruited from 16 centres throughout the United Kingdom. Following a ...
Hülsmann M - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: We tested the hypothesis that, in patients with stable heart failure, measuring big endothelin-1 (ET-1) plasma level at rest predicts short-term prognosis better than peak oxygen consumption (VO2max) at exercise. BACKGROUND: Cardiopulmonary exercise testing and evaluation of neurohumoral plasma factors are established tools to estimate survival in patients with ...
Wielenga R P - - 1998
The effect of exercise training on quality of life and exercise capacity was studied in 67 patients with mild to moderate chronic heart failure (CHF; age: 65.6+/-8.3 years; left ventricular ejection fraction: 26.5+/-9.6%). Patients were randomly allocated to either a training group or to a control group. After intervention a ...
Coats A J - - 1998
Patients with heart failure and severe left ventricular dysfunction are limited in their ability to tolerate exercise. Recent research has demonstrated that it is not a restricted cardiac output which limits exercise but an abnormality in the performance of a more peripheral component in the pathway of delivery of oxygen ...
Afzal A - - 1998
Patients with heart failure challenge the clinician with a constellation of difficult clinical, pathophysiologic, and psychologic issues. As a result, until recently, exercise training was not considered a safe and effective treatment strategy to be used in these patients. However, in the past 10 years, data from both randomized and ...
Ohuchi H - - 1998
To clarify the different cardiorespiratory response to exercise in patients with congenital heart disease and patients with chronic congestive heart failure, we investigated the effect of a progressive exercise test in 30 patients aged 10 to 24 years, including 9 patients with cyanotic congenital heart disease (group A), 13 patients ...
Vescovo G - - 1998
BACKGROUND: In congestive heart failure, fatigue-resistant, oxidative, slow type I fibers are decreased in leg skeletal muscle, contributing to exercise capacity (EC) limitation. The mechanisms by which ACE inhibitors and AII antagonists improve EC is still unclear. We tested the hypothesis that improvement in EC is related to changes in ...
Tanehata M - - 1998
In heart failure with low cardiac output, exercise tolerance is reduced despite modulated regional blood distribution and oxygen extraction. However, low cardiac output does not necessarily lead to reduced exercise tolerance especially during mild exercise. In the present study, in order to understand the mechanisms regulating exercise tolerance in heart ...
Toussaint J F - - 1998
BACKGROUND: We studied the local relation of muscle perfusion and metabolism in patients with severe chronic heart failure. Alterations of skeletal muscle blood flow and oxidative capacity contribute to exercise intolerance in these patients. The interdependence of both parameters has often been questioned. METHODS AND RESULTS: With the use of ...
Miura T - - 1998
The present study was performed to determine the relation between oxygenated hemoglobin (oxy-Hb) changes in working muscles and ventilatory parameters. Six active normal subjects, 21 sedentary normal subjects and 16 patients with heart failure performed an incremental exercise with expired gas analysis. Deoxygenation of the vastus lateralis muscle was monitored ...
Chin-Dusting J P - - 1998
1. There is accumulating evidence for a range of abnormalities in the nitric oxide (NO) signalling cascade in human cardiovascular disorders. 2. In the present review we assess the literature detailing such evidence in early (hyperlipidaemia) and end-stage (heart failure) disease, with emphasis on the mechanisms by which the disturbances ...
Myers J - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Accurate prognosis in chronic heart failure has become increasingly important in assessing the efficacy of treatment and in appropriately allocating scarce resources for transplantation. Previous studies of severe heart failure have been limited by short follow-up periods and few deaths. OBJECTIVE: To establish clinical, hemodynamic, and cardiopulmonary exercise test ...
Faigenbaum A D - - 1998
Preliminary assessment was made concerning perceptions of the newly developed heart-rate guide, devised as an educational tool to promote physical activity. Unlike the traditional target heart-rate chart, the heart-rate guide illustrates the value of low to moderate intensity physical activity. Following a brief lecture about the Surgeon General's report on ...
Balady G J - - 1998
Exercise intolerance is present in most patients with left ventricular dysfunction. Factors affecting the central and peripheral circulation, ventilatory system and skeletal muscles limit the exercise capacity in varying degrees within each patient. Exercise training is now being applied with growing enthusiasm to patients with heart failure. Improvements in the ...
Anand I - - 1998
Carnitine is an important cofactor in the intermediary metabolism of the heart, and carnitine deficiency is associated with congestive heart failure. We therefore studied the effects of acute (IV bolus, 30 mg/kg body weight) and chronic administration (1.5 mg/d for 1 month) of propionyl-L-carnitine on hemodynamics, hormone levels, ventricular function, ...
Belardinelli R - - 1998
To develop a submaximal constant work rate exercise test able to grade cardiovascular dysfunction in patients with chronic heart failure, 80 patients and 59 control subjects performed a symptom-limited incremental exercise test and a constant work rate exercise test at a fixed work rate (50 W for 4 minutes). The ...
Hara K - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether increased sympathetic vasoconstrictor drive to the calf in heart failure is associated with reduced symptom-limited submaximal exercise performance. DESIGN: Blood pressure, heart rate and peroneal muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) were recorded during rest and before symptom-limited treadmill exercise at 70% of resting heart rate reserve ...
Willenheimer R - - 1998
AIMS: Benefit from exercise training in heart failure has mainly been shown in men with ischaemic disease. We aimed to examine the effects of exercise training in heart failure patients < or = 75 years old of both sexes and with various aetiology. METHODS AND RESULTS: Fifty-four patients with stable ...
Cahalin L P - - 1998
Exercise training has become increasingly important in the treatment of heart failure patients. It has long been known that the exercise tolerance of a patient with heart failure is related to his or her morbidity and mortality. Recently, it has been proved that exercise training improves cardiorespiratory function, functional status, ...
Myers J - - 1998
Functional impairment has long been recognized as an important factor in the risk paradigm among patients with heart disease. In chronic heart failure, this issue has been even more important in recent years because of the steady growth in the number of patients awaiting heart transplantation relative to the available ...
Atsumi H - - 1998
The aim of this study was to clarify the relationship between cardiac sympathetic nervous activity assessed by 123I-MIBG imaging and exercise capacity in patients with congestive heart failure. The subjects were 24 patients with heart failure (NYHA class II to III) and 7 normal controls. A dose of 148 MBq ...
- - 1998
BACKGROUND: Beneficial effects of physical training on exercise tolerance, autonomic and skeletal muscle function and limb blood flow have been demonstrated in chronic heart failure. Because this rehabilitation is expensive, may involve risk, and has unknown effects on prognosis, the possibility of predicting benefit on the basis of individual patient ...
Krittayaphong R - - 1998
Dilated cardiomyopathy is a common cause of heart failure with systolic dysfunction. Medications used to treat this condition are usually for symptomatic relief. We studied the effect of atenolol in heart failure caused by dilated cardiomyopathy in a double blinded randomized fashion. There were 17 males and 5 females. All ...
Russell S D - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Exertional dyspnea is a common symptom in patients with heart failure, and the mechanisms responsible for the symptom are unknown. The purpose of this study was to identify factors responsible for the symptom of exertional dyspnea in patients with heart failure. METHODS: Resting pulmonary-function tests and maximal cardiopulmonary exercise ...
Faggiano P - - 1998
Constant workload exercise on an upright bicycle at submaximal levels of exercise intensity is frequently used in physical training programs. Nevertheless, only a few data are currently available on the hemodynamic changes induced by constant workload exercise in patients with heart failure. The aim of this study was to assess ...
Feigenbaum M S - - 1998
We assessed plasma volume changes at peak exercise in 17 nonedematous men with chronic congestive heart failure due to coronary artery disease. Our findings suggest that acute exercise is associated with transient decreases in plasma and blood volume in these patients, similar in magnitude to those reported for healthy adults ...
Metra M - - 1998
Increased mortality and reduced functional capacity are the two main characteristics of chronic heart failure. Activation of the renin-angiotensin and sympathetic systems has a primary role in the progressive worsening of heart failure and increased mortality of patients. In addition, both systems may be important in the pathogenesis of exercise ...
Krum H - - 1998
Forearm blood flow (ml/min/100 ml) was determined with strain-gauge venous occlusion plethysmography at rest and in response to handgrip exercise in 7 patients with congestive heart failure and in 9 normal subjects before and after regional administration of endothelin-1 in the brachial artery. Administration of endothelin-1 significantly decreased forearm blood ...
Sanderson J E - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a third generation vasodilating beta blocker (celiprolol) has long term clinical advantages over metoprolol in patients with chronic heart failure. DESIGN: A double blind placebo controlled randomised trial. SETTING: University teaching Hospital. PATIENTS: 50 patients with stable chronic heart failure (NYHA class II-IV) due to idiopathic ...
Benatar D - - 1998
It has been proposed that worsening of heart failure with dihydropyridines, such as nicardipine, is related to the activation of the neuroendocrine system. To test this, we evaluated 20 patients with severe heart failure (mean age, 55 +/- 13 years; New York Heart Association functional class III; left ventricular ejection ...
Russell S D - - 1998
To determine the mechanism responsible for the "placebo effect" seen during serial exercise testing of patients with heart failure, we examined metabolic variables for 81 patients who underwent five baseline exercise tests as part of a multicenter drug trial. The patients were 50 men and 31 women with a mean ...
Wielenga R P - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Physical training currently constitutes an important part of treatment of heart failure patients. So far, no data are available on the effects of regular exercise in elderly (aged > 65 years) heart failure patients. METHODS: In a prospective trial, patients with chronic heart failure (New York Heart Association class ...
Nishiyama Y - - 1998
To assess the role of oxidative stress in exercise intolerance in patients with heart failure, a symptom-limited exercise test was performed with a bicycle ergometer in 12 patients with heart failure and in 7 members of a healthy control group. Level of plasma malondialdehyde, a marker of lipid peroxidation, at ...
Heitzler V N - - 1998
The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of prolonged daily excessive alcohol consumption on the heart function with particular reference to the impact on the working ability of alcoholics. The study was carried out on 54 male manual workers, 32 of whom had a median age of ...
Clark A L - - 1997
To assess whether the underlying aetiology of chronic heart failure is a predictor of exercise performance. Tertiary referral centre for cardiology. Retrospective study of maximum exercise testing with metabolic gas exchange measurements in 212 patients with chronic heart failure who had undergone coronary angiography. Echocardiography and radionucleide ventriculography were used ...
Näveri H K - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To study the mechanisms of limited exercise capacity and skeletal muscle energy production in male patients with congestive heart failure. DESIGN: Muscle biopsy study. PATIENTS: Skeletal muscle metabolic response to maximal bicycle exercise was studied in 10 patients with chronic congestive heart failure (ejection fraction 0.22 +/- 0.05; peak ...
MacGowan G A - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Continuous increases in the ventilatory equivalent for carbon dioxide (the ratio of minute ventilation to carbon dioxide production, an index of ventilatory drive) during exercise in patients with congestive heart failure would suggest that factors other than carbon dioxide excessively stimulate ventilation during exercise, and may be an important ...
de Vries R J - - 1997
AIMS: To analyse the relationship between initial exercise parameters and peak oxygen consumption and prognosis in 96 patients with congestive heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS: Comparison of responses during the initial 6 min of cardiopulmonary exercise testing (Naughton modified protocol) in patients stratified to the Weber classification, and analysis of ...
Neumann T - - 1997
The present study characterizes the hemodynamic and neurohumoral responses to moderate treadmill exercise in conscious dogs with pacing-induced heart failure. Seven dogs were instrumented with a left ventricular micromanometer, ultrasonic crystals for the measurement of systolic wall thickening, left atrial and aortic catheters for the injection of colored microspheres and ...
Walsh J T - - 1997
The role of calcium antagonists in patients with ischemic heart failure is currently unclear. We examined the effects of amlodipine on exercise capacity and central and regional hemodynamics in 32 patients with mild to moderate chronic heart failure in a single-center, double-blind, randomized placebo-controlled trial. All were taking at least ...
Hajjar R J - - 1997
BACKGROUND: This study tested the hypothesis that in patients with suspected heart failure, peak oxygen consumption was the best predictor of heart muscle failure. Failing human myocardium is characterized by an abnormal force-frequency relationship, which has been previously shown to be altered in parallel with the severity of heart failure. ...
Lang R M - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to determine 1) whether 12-week oral administration of losartan, an angiotensin II receptor antagonist, in patients with heart failure is well tolerated; and 2) whether functional capacity and clinical status of patients with heart failure in whom treatment with an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor is ...
van den Broek S A - - 1997
BACKGROUND: This study was done to determine whether the difference in duration of action of the long-acting angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor spirapril compared with the short-acting ACE inhibitor captopril affects clinical efficacy in patients with congestive heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS: The effects on exercise capacity, neurohumoral status, and quality ...
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