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Wahl Patrick P Institute of Training Science and Sport Informatics, German Sport University Cologne, Am Sportpark Müngersdorf 6, 50933, Cologne, Germany, - - 2014
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effects of superimposed electromyostimulation (E) during cycling on the acute hormonal and metabolic response, as E might be a useful tool to intensify endurance training without performing high external workloads. Thirteen subjects participated in three experimental trials each lasting 60 min ...
Jahanbin Iran I Community Based Psychiatric Care Research Center, Department of Community Health Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, - - 2014
Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is a systemic and inflammatory disease of unknown etiology which is mostly characterized by inflammation of the synovial joints. Studies have proved that most people with RA avoid doing physical activities due to fear that it may worsen the pain or cause pressure on joints, resulting in ...
Wahl P - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of active (A) vs. passive (P) recovery during high-intensity interval training on the acute hormonal and metabolic response. Twelve triathletes/cyclists performed four 4 min intervals on a cycle ergometer, either with A- or P-recovery between each bout. Testosterone, hGH, cortisol, ...
Smilios Ilias I a Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, Democritus University of Thrace, Komotini 69100, - - 2014
This study examined the effects of maximum and submaximum movement velocities after a muscular hypertrophy type resistance exercise protocol on testosterone, human growth hormone (hGH) and cortisol concentrations and on neuromuscular performance assessed with a vertical jump. Eleven males performed a control and 3 resistance exercise protocols (4 sets of ...
Shin Young-Ho YH Exercise Metabolism Laboratory, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 702-701, - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a pre-exercise meal on the plasma human growth hormone (hGH) response and fat oxidation during walking. Subjects (n=8) were randomly provided with either 1 g/kg body weight of glucose in 200 mL water (CHO) or 200 mL water alone ...
Wahl P - - 2013
In the last years, mainly 2 high-intensity-training (HIT) protocols became common: First, a Wingate-based "all-out" protocol and second, a 4×4 min protocol. However, no direct comparison between these protocols exists, and also a comparison with high-volume-training (HVT) is missing. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to compare these ...
Voss S C - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The major objective of this study was to investigate the effects of several days of intense exercise on growth hormone (hGH) testing using the World Anti-Doping Agencies hGH isoform differential immunoassays. Additionally the effects of circadian variation and exercise type on the isoform ratios were also investigated. STUDY DESIGN: ...
Aguiar Jr Aderbal S - - 2013
l-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (l-DOPA) alleviates the motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD), but its long-term use is associated with underirable dyskinesia. We now tested whether exercise can attenuate these l-DOPA-induced dyskinesia (LID). We tested the effects of exercise on l-DOPA-induced dyskinesia (LID) in 6-OHDA-hemiparkinsonian mice. Animals were treated with l-DOPA/benserazide (25/12.5 mg/kg, ...
Szczepanowska Ewa - - 2012
The aim of this study is to attempt to determine the relationship between the degree of the EMN index and the depth of changes of selected hormones and metabolic parameters as an effect of intensive physical exercise during the training process in male rowers. Juniors (N = 62; chronological age ...
Abrantes Ana M - - 2012
Neuropsychiatric symptoms of Parkinson disease (PD) such as fatigue, depression, and apathy are common and detract from quality of life. There is little published on the impact of physical activity on the neuropsychiatric symptoms of PD. A convenience sample of 45 patients with PD (mean age = 66.1 years; 33% ...
Vivodtzev12 Isabelle - - 2012
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: We investigated the effect of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) training prior to endurance training in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) and severe pulmonary obstruction. METHODS: Fourteen patients with CF (FEV1 = 35 ± 11% pred.) were prospectively randomized to either a 6 week NMES training program (n=7) or ...
Fernández-Lao Carolina - - 2012
GOALS OF WORK: Our aim was to compare the effects of land versus water multimodal exercise programs on body composition and breast cancer-specific quality of life in breast cancer survivors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ninety-eight breast cancer survivors were assigned to three groups: control, land exercise, and water exercise. Both exercise ...
Tew Garry A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility of endurance exercise training in patients with small abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and to obtain preliminary data of its impact on important health outcomes. DESIGN: Randomised controlled pilot study. SETTING: University rehabilitation facility. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty eight patients with small AAA (age 72 ± 7 years; ...
Guidon Marie - - 2013
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a chronic, progressive disease with a significant cardiovascular and cerebrovascular risk burden and a considerable impact on functional capacity and quality of life (QoL). Exercise programmes result in significant improvements in walking distances but long-term effects are uncertain. The aim of this study was to ...
Arena Ross - - 2012
Aerobic exercise training in the heart failure (HF) population is supported by an extensive body of literature. The clinically accepted model for exercise prescription is currently moderate-intensity-aerobic continuous training (MI-ACT). Documented benefits from the literature include improvements in various aspects of physiologic function, aerobic exercise capacity and quality of life ...
Benton Melissa J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Single-set resistance training (SSRT) improves strength and function in older adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, its effect on quality of life (QOL) has not been evaluated. This study evaluated the effect of SSRT on QOL in COPD patients enrolled in pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) and identified relationships ...
Greenwood Sharlene A - - 2012
BackgroundPhysical activity has the potential to positively impact upon aerobic and functional ability, and the quality of life of all chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients independent of the stage of the disease process. Physical activity is recommended in a number of national CKD guidelines, but its incorporation into routine care ...
Silverman S R - - 2012
Study design:Systematic literature review.Objectives:The primary aims of this study were to evaluate the methodological quality of exercise intervention studies in adults with spinal cord injuries (SCIs); and to classify the reported outcome measures according to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF).Methods:Electronic searches of PubMed, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, PsychINFO, ...
Bidwell Amy J - - 2012
Abstract Objectives: Individuals with asthma frequently suffer with a decrease in quality of life. Yoga has been shown to improve autonomic function in the healthy population and has been used as an alternative therapy to help improve symptoms associated with various diseases. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to ...
Saggar R - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Exercise-induced pulmonary hypertension (ePH) may represent an early, clinically relevant phase in the spectrum of pulmonary vascular disease. The purpose of this pilot study was to describe the changes in hemodynamics and exercise capacity in patients with SSc-spectrum associated ePH treated with open-label daily ambrisentan (AMB). METHODS: SSc-spectrum patients ...
Yan Zhen - - 2012
Mitochondria are dynamic organelles in skeletal muscle critical in physical performance and disease. The mitochondrial life cycle spans biogenesis, maintenance, and clearance. Exercise training may promote each of these processes, conferring positive impacts on skeletal muscle contractile and metabolic functions. This review focuses on the regulation of these processes by ...
Ribeiro Jorge P - - 2012
Heart failure induces histological, metabolic and functional adaptations in the inspiratory muscles. This inspiratory muscle weakness, which occurs in 30% to 50% of the heart failure patients, is associated with reduction in the functional capacity, reduction in the quality of life and with a poor prognosis in these individuals. The ...
Morishita Shinichiro - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine gender differences in quality of life (QOL), physical function and psychological status before and in the early phase after allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). METHODS: One hundred patients (66 men, 34 women) who underwent allo-HSCT between July 2007 and June ...
Samara Anastasia P - - 2012
Background: The aim of this study was to correlate the psychological and health-related quality-of-life status of hemodialysis (HD) patients with recovery indices following maximal and submaximal exercise tests. Methods: Twenty patients on HD (aged 53.5 ± 12.9 years) and 18 healthy individuals (aged 54.1 ± 10.2 years) underwent a maximal ...
Fayazi Sedigheh - - 2012
Scand J Caring Sci; 2012 Effect of home-based walking on performance and quality of life in patients with heart failure Introduction:  Chronic heart failure defined as the inability of the heart to meet the demands of the tissues, which results in symptoms of fatigue or dyspnoea on energy progressing to ...
Taylor Rod S RS Peninsula Medical School (Primary Care), University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom. - - 2012
We conducted a systematic review to assess the effect of exercise training in patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF). A number of electronic databases were searched up to November 2011 to identify comparative studies of exercise training in HFPEF. Where possible, outcome data from included studies were ...
Yoshimi Kaku - - 2012
Pulmonary rehabilitation has generally relieved symptoms, strengthened exercise endurance and improved health-related quality of life (QOL) in patients with COPD, but recovery of pulmonary function remains questionable. This analysis of our innovative rehabilitation program is directed at documenting changes in patients' expiratory airflow limitation, pulmonary symptoms and QOL. This program ...
Lee Jaymi F - - 2012
Healthcare providers use recombinant biologics such as monoclonal antibodies to treat a variety of serious illnesses. Manufacturing of approved biotechnology products is complex, and the quality of the resulting biologic is dependent on careful control of process inputs and operating conditions. Biosimilars, which are similar but not identical to innovator ...
Laoutaris Ioannis D - - 2012
BACKGROUND: We hypothesised that combined aerobic training (AT) with resistance training (RT) and inspiratory muscle training (IMT) could result in additional benefits over AT alone in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). METHODS: Twenty-seven patients, age 58±9years, NYHA II/III and LVEF 29±7% were randomly assigned to a 12-week AT (n=14) ...
Lyall Ashima - - 2012
We report the effects of treadmill exercise on (18)F-FDG uptake in skeletal muscles and image quality of torso PET and compare stress myocardial perfusion imaging patterns with myocardial (18)F-FDG uptake. There were 3 groups of patients: 48 patients underwent PET within 8 h after a treadmill test (Ex 8), 45 ...
Ulubay Gaye - - 2012
Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD) have some systemic effects including systemic inflammation, nutritional abnormalities, skeletal muscle dysfunction, and cardiovascular, skeletal and neurological disorders. Some studies have reported the presence of peripheral neuropathy (PNP) at an incidence of 28-94% in patients with COPD. Our study aimed to identify whether PNP affects ...
Koltai Erika E Research Institute of Sport Science, Semmelweis University, Budapest, - - 2012
A decline in mitochondrial biogenesis and mitochondrial protein quality control in skeletal muscle is a common finding in aging, but exercise training has been suggested as a possible cure. In this report, we tested the hypothesis that moderate-intensity exercise training could prevent the age-associated deterioration in mitochondrial biogenesis in the ...
Argilés Josep M - - 2012
Cancer cachexia is a complex syndrome characterized by inflammation, body weight loss, muscle, and adipose tissue wasting that is responsible for the death of a considerable percentage of cancer patients. In addition, during cachexia muscle strength and endurance are dramatically reduced, limiting the ability to perform daily activities and severely ...
de Blasio Francesco - - 2012
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic condition that negatively affects several patient-centered outcomes. Among these, exercise capacity, dyspnea, and quality of life are the most relevant. In this article, factors contributing to exercise limitation, increase in exercise-induced dyspnea, quality of life deterioration, and other pathophysiological aspects in patients ...
Smart Neil A - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Inspiratory muscle training (IMT) offers an alternative to exercise training (ExT) in the most severely deconditioned heart failure patients who are unable to exercise. We conducted a meta-analysis to determine magnitude of change in peak VO(2), six minute walk distance (6MWD), Quality of Life measured by the Minnesota Living ...
Tuffaha H H St Mary's Hospital, London, - - 2012
Adequate medical note keeping is critical in delivering high quality healthcare. However, there are few robust tools available for the auditing of notes. The aim of this paper was to describe the design, validation and implementation of a novel scoring tool to objectively assess surgical notes. An initial 'path finding' ...
Smart Neil A - - 2012
Exercise training improves functional capacity in patients with exercise limitation attributed to systolic dysfunction (SD), but exercise training effects in patients with diastolic dysfunction is unclear. The authors determined the functional capacity, quality of life, and echocardiography responses of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) patients to 16 weeks exercise ...
Kuvaja-Köllner Virpi - - 2012
When the motivation for exercise is high and people are retired, the cost of time used for physical exercise may be lower and individuals may exercise more compared to individuals with a low motivational level and in working life. The aim was to study the effect of time cost of physical ...
Liebergall-Wischnitzer Michal - - 2012
Aim.  To compare the effectiveness of the Paula method (circular muscle exercises) vs. pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) exercises on sexual function (SF) and quality of life (QoL) of women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Methods.  A randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted in outpatient urban community clinics serving diverse ...
Santamato A - - 2012
The effectiveness of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) has been recognized in national and international guidelines and highlighted by the National Institute of Clinical Excellence as one of the six key priorities for improving the care of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. PR is likely to be effective in bronchiectasis as ...
Omori Clarissa Harumi - - 2012
Objective: To investigate the effects of a supervised exercise training program on health parameters, physical capacity, and health-related quality of life in patients with mild and chronic juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM). Methods: This was a prospective longitudinal study following 10 children with mild and chronic JDM (disease duration > 1 year). ...
Ehlert Nina - - 2012
Objective.  In cross-sectional studies, self-reported health status and quality of life have only poorly correlated with objective exercise capacity in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD). We tested the hypothesis whether longitudinal changes in exercise ability are related to changes in self-reported quality of life. Patients and Methods.  One hundred ...
Alexanderson Helene - - 2012
Exercise is an important part of treatment in patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathies. Improved functioning, ability to perform activities of daily living, and health-related quality of life have been reported in adult polymyositis, dermatomyositis, and also recently inclusion body myositis following different exercise regimens, with no signs of increased muscle ...
Karinkanta Saija - - 2012
This randomized, controlled trial evaluated the effects of exercise on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and fear of falling (FoF) among 149 home-dwelling older women. The 12-mo exercise program was intended to reduce the risk of falls and fractures. HRQoL was assessed by the RAND-36 Survey, and FoF, with a ...
Hung Hsiu-Chuan - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To explore the predictors of treatment effectiveness for women with urinary incontinence (UI) receiving pelvic floor muscle (PFM) strengthening. DESIGN: A four-month cohort study. SETTING: Laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-eight volunteers (50.5±6 years old) with UI. INTERVENTION: Four-month daily PFM strengthening exercise program at home. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Outcome measures included ...
Haykowsky Mark - - 2012
About 50 % or more of heart failure (HF) patients living in the community have preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (HFpEF), and the proportion is higher among women and the very elderly. A cardinal feature of HFpEF is reduced aerobic capacity, measured objectively as peak exercise pulmonary oxygen uptake (peak VO(2)), ...
Hayes Kate - - 2012
BACKGROUND: A paucity of studies has examined the effect of exercise training after left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation. Previous research has demonstrated that insertion of the LVAD alone improves exercise capacity and quality of life (QOL). This study investigated whether supervised exercise training results in a further improvement. METHODS: ...
Lan Chou-Chin - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Lung function is traditionally used to define the severity of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, this does not exclude other factors. This study investigated the influence of body mass index (BMI) on exercise responses and quality of life in patients with COPD matched for values of ...
Saeed Omar - - 2012
Adaptation to altitude leads to beneficial physiologic changes that improve oxygen delivery and utilization by the periphery. Athletes have used simulated altitude enclosures as part of their training regimen to improve exercise performance. We hypothesized that changes due to acclimatization would also be beneficial for patients with heart failure (HF). ...
Lederer David J - - 2012
Abstract Rationale: Pulmonary hypertension with exercise is common in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and may contribute to exercise limitation in this disease. We aimed to determine the effects of treatment with sildenafil on exercise capacity in patients with COPD and emphysema. Methods: We performed a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled 2-period ...
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