Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 983
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >
Akhras F - - 1991
Many patients with angina pectoris whose symptoms are not completely controlled by beta-blockers are treated with several types of drugs, but it is not clear whether addition of a calcium-channel antagonist and/or a nitrate confers any advantage over beta-blockade alone. 18 patients receiving atenolol for stable angina pectoris completed a ...
Lehmann G - - 1991
In 14 patients with documented coronary artery disease, the extent and duration of acute anti-ischemic, antianginal and hemodynamic effects of monotherapies with 120 mg of sustained-release isosorbide dinitrate and diltiazem were compared; their combined therapy administered once daily in the morning with diltiazem given again in the evening were also ...
de Milliano P A - - 1991
To assess efficacy of transdermal nitrate use, a randomized, placebo-controlled trial of continuous and intermittent use of nitroglycerin patches (10 mg/24 hours) was conducted in 127 patients with stable angina pectoris who discontinued exercise testing within 9 minutes because of angina. After a placebo run-in week, baseline (day 0) symptom-limited ...
Terrosu P P Department of Cardiology, General Hospital, Sassari, - - 1991
In a single-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial versus diltiazem, we evaluated the influence of gallopamil on cardiovascular responses evoked by bicycle exercise. Twelve patients with chronic stable angina were enrolled. After a 5 days placebo run-in period, patients were randomly assigned either to gallopamil (50 mg thrice daily) or diltiazem (60 ...
Wieshammer S - - 1991
The effects of atenolol, nifedipine, and their combination on gas exchange and exercise tolerance were studied in 27 patients with effort angina and normal global ventricular function in an open-label and randomized cross-over trial. Symptom-limited semi-supine exercise tests using a ramp protocol (20 W/min) with simultaneous breath-by-breath analysis of gas ...
van Gilst W H - - 1991
In this study, the effect of bradykinin on coronary flow in the isolated rat heart was significantly potentiated when cysteine or the sulfhydryl-containing converting enzyme inhibitors captopril and zofenoprilat were administered simultaneously. In contrast, the effect of concomitant administration of enalaprilat only slightly increased the effect of bradykinin on coronary ...
Singh B N - - 1991
The efficacy and safety of bepridil hydrochloride (200 to 400 mg/day) were evaluated in patients with chronic stable angina refractory to maximal tolerated doses of diltiazem (median 360 mg/day) in a randomized, multicenter, double-blind, parallel study. Baseline diltiazem data were obtained during a 2-week period, after which 86 patients were ...
Fujita M - - 1991
It has recently been demonstrated that treadmill capacity and collateral circulation improve as a result of exercise with heparin pretreatment in patients with effort angina. In the present study, we assessed whether heparin alone is effective in increasing treadmill capacity in 14 patients with effort angina. Patients were randomly assigned ...
Currie P - - 1991
Current available calcium antagonists, although useful in angina pectoris, are often poorly tolerated. We therefore compared isradipine, a new calcium antagonist, with nifedipine in 18 patients with angina. Patients sequentially received incremental doses of either isradipine (IS) 2.5-7.5 mg three times daily or nifedipine (NF) 10-30 mg three times daily ...
Hennig L - - 1991
A randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled crossover study on 20 patients with exercise-induced angina pectoris and reproducible ST-segment depression during exercise-stress test was performed to compare the effect of a single dose of 120 mg of isosorbide dinitrate in a slow-release form with that of a twice-daily application of 20 mg ...
Parker J O - - 1991
Tolerance develops during therapy with all organic nitrates, particularly when dosing strategies are designed to provide therapeutic effects throughout 24 h. Such tolerance can be demonstrated by assessing haemodynamic, anti-anginal and anti-ischaemic effects during therapy. The mechanism of nitrate tolerance is not completely understood. Tolerance may be related to depletion ...
Ardissino D - - 1991
The clinical characteristics of 65 patients with mixed angina were classified by means of (1) a questionnaire investigating the proportion of symptoms occurring at rest and on effort, (2) an exercise stress test, (3) 24-hour ambulatory Holter monitoring, and (4) coronary arteriography. According to the questionnaire, the proportion of effort-induced ...
Bray C L - - 1991
Suscard is a buccally administered formulation which provides rapid introduction of nitroglycerin directly into the systemic circulation and, by virtue of its sustained-release properties, may confer protection against anginal attacks for several hours. Its efficacy has been established in angina pectoris and more recently its usefulness has been extended to ...
Gjesdal K - - 1991
Ten volunteers carried a 10 mg 24 h -1 transdermal glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) patch for 24 h before moderate exercise. Plasma GTN-concentration increased significantly (P less than 0.05) by 19% to peak value at 15 min. Two hours after patch renewal repeat exercise increased GTN concentration by 56% (P less ...
Vassiliadis I V - - 1991
Left ventricular dysfunction during exercise is considered a relatively sensitive marker of ischemia in patients with coronary artery disease. The purpose of this study was to determine whether exercise-induced myocardial dysfunction was more severe in patients with angina than in patients with ischemia without angina. Seventy-seven patients with angiographically documented ...
Ballegaard S - - 1991
To overcome the methodological problems of blinding the patients and the acupuncturist in acupuncture trials, 33 patients with stable angina pectoris, who were randomized to either genuine or sham acupuncture, received electroacupuncture by another acupuncturist, and the change in skin temperature was recorded. It was found that the change in ...
Frishman W H - - 1991
The comparative antianginal effects and safety of propranolol and celiprolol, a highly beta 1-selective adrenoceptor blocker with selective partial beta 2-adrenoceptor agonist activity, were assessed in an international multicenter, placebo run-in, active control, double-blind, randomized, titration-to-effect study of 140 patients with stable, exercise-induced angina pectoris. At baseline, all patients received ...
Floris B - - 1991
The antianginal efficacy of metoprolol OROS has been investigated in comparison with that of atenolol in a multicenter double-blind cross-over trial carried out in patients with stable effort angina. OROS (ORally OSmotic) is a new semi-permeable delivery system with very slow osmotic release of the active drug, which is maintained ...
Cleland J G - - 1991
The effects of captopril and placebo were compared in 18 patients with chronic heart failure and angina pectoris with use of a double-blind crossover trial design. Symptoms were assessed by patient treatment preference, visual analogue scores and nitroglycerin consumption. Exercise performance was assessed using two different treadmill protocols of different ...
Hausmann D - - 1991
Episodes of angina pectoris without electrocardiographic (ECG) signs of myocardial ischemia during 24-hour ambulatory monitoring were studied in 128 patients with a history of stable angina, angiographically proven coronary artery disease and positive exercise test results. In all, 341 episodes of ischemic ECG changes (ST-segment depression greater than 1 mm ...
Humen D P - - 1991
Twenty-four patients were randomized to a double-blind, triple placebo controlled, latin square protocol to examine the relative efficacy of propranolol or diltiazem given as monotherapy or in combination with isosorbide dinitrate. Treatment phases were preceded and followed by placebo control periods. At the end of each phase, symptom-limited treadmill exercise ...
Rao Y V - - 1991
A quadruple blind randomized cross-over study evaluated the therapeutic efficacy of twice a day long acting sustained release isosorbide dinitrate (SRISDN) in comparison with 4 times daily of the short acting isosorbide dinitrate in 18 patients with stable angina pectoris (NYHA class II-III) with a positive exercise treadmill test. The ...
Wiklund I - - 1991
The relationship between exercise tolerance assessed by a conventional exercise stress test using a standard Bruce protocol and quality of life (QoL) was studied in 50 patients with stable angina pectoris (AP). Before the exercise test, patients completed three self-administered QoL questionnaires, the Psychological General Well-Being Index, an Angina-Specific QoL ...
Weiner D A - - 1991
Risk stratification of the patient with angina pectoris can be accomplished initially by the history, physical examination, and resting electrocardiogram. Noninvasive testing can add important prognostic information and identify patients who might benefit from revascularization procedures. An exercise electrocardiographic test usually is the initial test to determine risk, but exercise ...
Levy W S - - 1991
Depletion of sulfhydryl groups may contribute to nitroglycerin tolerance after long-term exposure. This study was performed to assess whether methionine, an amino acid capable of augmenting sulfhydryl availability, would restore the venodilative response to sublingual nitroglycerin once tolerance had developed. The venodilative response to organic nitrates was assessed with use ...
Nesto R W - - 1991
A randomized, double-blind, crossover study was conducted in 10 patients to assess the effect of nifedipine versus placebo on total ischemic activity and circadian distribution of ischemic episodes. After baseline exercise treadmill testing and 48-hour ambulatory electrocardiographic ST-segment monitoring, patients received either nifedipine (mean dose, 80 mg/day) or placebo administered ...
Vandenbosch H - - 1991
A single oral dosage of 100, 200 or 300 mg Epanolol or placebo was administered in a randomized double-blind, cross-over fashion to 12 patients with stable effort angina. Symptom limited bicycle ergometer tests were performed before and 2 and 8 hours after each drug administration. Spontaneous diurnal and day to ...
Gulotta C - - 1991
A randomized, double-blind, crossover, placebo-controlled study was carried out to evaluate the effects of a single oral 4-mg dose of lacidipine vs. placebo on cardiopulmonary circulation at rest and during exercise. Twelve healthy volunteers were randomized to receive either placebo or 4 mg of lacidipine once daily for 2 days, ...
Alexander T - - 1991
In a double blind crossover trial, acute effects of 8 mg intravenous oxyfedrine were compared with those of placebo in 18 patients with stable effort angina assessed by treadmill exercise testing. In the resting state, oxyfedrine caused an increase in heart rate (84 +/- 23 to 103 +/- 19 bpm, ...
Harrison M R - - 1991
To evaluate the ability of Doppler echocardiography to identify hemodynamic changes due to cardiac medications, 10 volunteers underwent Doppler examination at rest and immediately following vigorous treadmill exercise. Upon completion of the control test, each subject received moderate oral doses of propranolol, verapamil, pindolol, or nifedipine, and the same exercise ...
Schneeweiss A - - 1991
We report the preliminary findings in the first 12 patients enrolled in a double-blind randomized placebo-controlled study of the antianginal effect of the new angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, cilazapril (2.5 mg once daily) in patients with both hypertension and angina pectoris. After 3 weeks of treatment, placebo had no effect whereas ...
Friedensohn A - - 1991
The antianginal and anti-ischemic efficacy of isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN) retard 120, verapamil 120 sustained-release (s.r.) and their combination was evaluated in 30 patients with chronic angina pectoris. The study was a randomized, double-blind crossover comparison. The evaluation was determined by exercise testing and 24-hour electrocardiographic ambulatory monitoring. The sum of ...
Ohno A - - 1991
The purpose of this study was to elucidate the mechanism that induces an improvement in exercise capacity by nitrates in patients with stable effort angina pectoris. The study population was composed of 19 patients: group A, 10 patients with chronic stable effort angina who had a well-developed coronary collateral circulation ...
Taylor S H - - 1991
A placebo-controlled, double-blind, dose-response study of amlodipine (1.25, 2.5, 5, and 10 mg once daily) was carried out in 136 patients with stable exertional angina pectoris. Improvements in total exercise tolerance, time to onset of angina during exercise, ST-segment deviation at maximum common load, frequency of angina attacks, and nitroglycerin ...
Cacciatore L - - 1991
An investigation on the therapeutic effect of L-carnitine was performed at three different centres and included two hundred patients, 40 to 65 years of age, with exercise-induced stable angina. In one hundred randomly selected patients the drug was administered orally in daily doses of 2 g in addition to the ...
Navarro Estrada J - - 1991
Amlodipine significantly reduced both weekly anginal attack rate and consumption of glyceryl trinitrate tablets in patients with severe coronary artery disease. Exercise tolerance also significantly improved, with a 79% increase in the exercise time to onset of angina and a 59% decrease in ST-segment depression. Blood pressure was decreased, with ...
Eteiba H - - 1991
Forty-four patients with stable effort angina pectoris were included in a double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled, parallel group study to compare the effect of two slow-release forms of isosorbide-5-mononitrate ('Ismo-Retard' 40 mg and 'Imdur' 60 mg) on exercise capacity when given as an adjunctive treatment to beta adrenoreceptor blocking therapy. In a ...
Vliegen H W - - 1991
In a randomized, double-blind, multicenter study, the efficacy of diltiazem controlled-release (CR) 120 mg b.i.d. was compared with metoprolol 100 mg b.i.d. in 56 patients with stable exertional angina pectoris. Fifty-one patients (28 receiving diltiazem CR, 23 receiving metoprolol), completed a follow-up period of 8 weeks. Thirty-nine patients (20 receiving ...
Jansen W - - 1991
The possibility of maintaining preload reduction and enhancement of exercise tolerance during an interval treatment with 100 mg/day of slow-release isosorbide-5-mononitrate (IS-5-MN) was investigated in 12 patients (aged 57 +/- 5.0 years) with angiographically confirmed coronary artery disease and chronic stable angina pectoris. The effects of a single dose (acute ...
Pucci P D - - 1991
The acute effects on exercise tolerance and electrocardiographic ischaemia of felodipine and diltiazem, alone or in combination, were investigated in 12 patients with documented stable effort-induced angina pectoris. After being withdrawn from their previous antianginal treatments, patients received a single oral dose of felodipine 10 mg, diltiazem 60 mg, their ...
Stone P H - - 1990
Episodes of transient myocardial ischemia during ambulatory activities are common in patients with stable coronary artery disease and who are often asymptomatic. Selection of therapy for episodes of asymptomatic ischemia is limited by a lack of direct comparative studies. To determine the most effective monotherapy for patients with stable angina ...
Crea F - - 1990
The effects of theophylline (400 mg twice a day), atenolol (50 mg twice a day) and their combination on myocardial ischemia were studied in 9 patients with stable angina pectoris in a randomized, single-blind, triple crossover trial. Placebo was administered to the patients during the run-in and the run-off periods. ...
Deedwania P C - - 1990
The predictive value of several exercise test parameters in identifying stable angina patients at risk of silent myocardial ischemia during daily life were examined. A total of 97 patients with coronary artery disease, stable angina and ambulatory electrocardiographic data were evaluated. Of the 86 patients with a positive exercise test, ...
Klein W W - - 1990
The efficacy of benazepril, metoprolol OROS and their combination was evaluated in 29 patients (42 to 74 years of age) with chronic stable angina and documented coronary artery disease in a placebo-controlled, double-blind, crossover trial using serial quantitated exercise testing and ambulatory electrocardiographic (ECG) monitoring. The mean (+/- SEM) exercise ...
Miller A J - - 1990
In a double-blind 16-week crossover study, the effectiveness of verapamil therapy for chronic stable angina was evaluated in 19 patients (Phase I). Twelve of these patients were then followed for 38 to 58 months of open-label treatment (Phase II). Clinical responses were assessed with traditional indices, treadmill exercise tests, and ...
Whalley D W - - 1990
The 24-hour application of transdermal nitrate patches has been associated with rapid development of therapeutic tolerance. Recent reports suggest maintenance of clinical benefit by introducing a daily patch-free period. This study investigates, by means of serial treadmill testing, the efficacy of a new transdermal delivery system when used with an ...
Scheidt S - - 1990
In recent years, concern has been expressed over attenuation of therapeutic effect in patients receiving continuous nitroglycerin therapy for the treatment of angina. Studies have shown that exercise tolerance time does not improve with continuous nitroglycerin regimens, although the frequency of anginal attacks may decrease. Intermittent therapy, which incorporates a ...
Barillà F - - 1990
The acute effects of slow-release nifedipine and isosorbide dinitrate on exercise tolerance were compared in nine patients with isolated total coronary artery occlusion showing retrograde filling via collaterals. All patients had a reproducible positive exercise stress test off medication before the study. Each patient was randomized to 10 mg slow-release ...
Tsuya T - - 1990
A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was performed to investigate the effect of dipyridamole at a usual oral dose of 150 mg/day on 18 patients with angina pectoris and positive treadmill exercise electrocardiography. After their angina pectoris was stabilized in phase 1, the patients were randomly assigned to sequence group A ...
Kambara H - - 1990
The effects of nifedipine on left ventricular function were evaluated in 17 patients with coronary artery disease with an ambulatory radionuclide detector (VEST). Hemodynamic data were recorded continuously at rest and during upright bicycle ergometer exercise before and 30 minutes after 10 mg of oral nifedipine administration. The heart rate ...
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >