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Results 351 - 400 of 985
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Catipović-Veselica K - - 1993
The authors investigated the prevalence of ventricular ectopic activity (VEA) during exercise testing and 24-hour ambulatory Holter monitoring and its relation with ischemic episodes during daily activities before and during therapy with diltiazem and penbutolol in 41 patients with stable and typical angina pectoris. Seven (17%) of the 41 patients ...
Tempany C M - - 1993
To determine the influence of androgen deprivation induced by the potent 5 alpha-reductase inhibitor finasteride on the volume of the zones of the prostate, 20 symptomatic men with established BPH were randomized to one of three groups: placebo, finasteride 1 mg, and finasteride 5 mg/day. The volume of the entire ...
Lewis H D HD - - 1993
Suspecting that platelet thromboemboli could play a role in the pathogenesis of myocardial ischemia, we have done a random-order, double-blind, crossover study of the effect of the platelet-active drug sulfinpyrazone on treadmill exercise-induced angina pectoris in 30 men with coronary artery disease. The mean duration of exercise before onset of ...
Gershlick A - - 1993
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess which of the currently used definitions of restenosis most closely indicates degree of recurrence and clinical status by 1) correlating percentage luminal renarrowing with restenosis defined according to each of four definitions, and 2) evaluating which definition was best predicted by ...
Singh S - - 1993
The efficacy and tolerability of amlodipine 2.5-10 mg once daily was compared with nadolol 40-160 mg once daily in a long-term double-blind parallel-group study in patients with stable exertional angina pectoris. A total of 80 patients were randomized to receive amlodipine or nadolol for 26 weeks after a 2-week single-blind ...
Seña A C - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of the opioid system in the pathophysiology of silent ischemia through opiate antagonism with naloxone, and to determine the reproducibility of resting and postexercise beta-endorphin levels in predominantly asymptomatic patients with coronary artery disease. DESIGN: Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover trial. SETTING: A University hospital referral ...
Wang J S - - 1992
High-dose aprotinin appears to enhance the anticoagulant effects of heparin, as documented by increases in the activated clotting times (ACTs) during cardiopulmonary bypass; hence, some authorities have advocated reducing the dose of heparin in patients treated with aprotinin. An in vitro study by our group suggested that the increase of ...
Todd I C - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of prolonged high intensity exercise training on total ischaemic burden in men with chronic stable angina pectoris. DESIGN: A randomised controlled trial based on 24 hour ambulatory electrocardiographic monitoring of patients on two occasions a year apart. SETTING: Cardiology department of a large general hospital. ...
Klemsdal T O - - 1992
Disagreeing results have been reported in the many studies on continuous treatment with nitroglycerin patches. The effects on exercise tolerance are partly studied at the end of a 24-hour application period, and partly examined only a few hours after patch renewal. The present meta-analysis estimates the overall efficacy of nitroglycerin ...
Guarnieri C - - 1992
The activation of circulating polymorphonuclear leukocytes was determined in terms of O2.- generation and elastase release in patients with stable angina (n = 12) and in control subjects (n = 8) after maximal physical exercise and after a 15-min recovery. There was no spontaneous O2.- formation under basal conditions in ...
Takase B - - 1992
Plasma bradykinin and prostaglandin metabolism are related to the anginal pain modulating system in patients with ischemic heart disease. We carried out a placebo controlled single blind test of diltiazem (30 mg three times a day) in 15 patients with chronic stable angina. The effect of diltiazem was evaluated by ...
Saito T - - 1992
Nipradilol (3,4-dihydro-(2-hydroxy-3-isopropylamino)-propoxy-3-nitroxy-2H-1- benzopyran, K-351, CAS 81486-22-8) is a new type of beta-blocker with vasodilating action. The effect of nipradilol on hemodynamics at rest and during exercise with a multi-stage bicycle ergometer in supine position was studied in 8 male patients suffering from angina pectoris with old myocardial infarction. Nipradilol was ...
Kishida H - - 1992
With eight cases of stable exertional angina as subjects, the antianginal action and sustained effects of single 10 mg oral doses of new calcium antagonists amlodipine were assessed by treadmill exercise tests in randomized crossover trials with respect to a placebo. Exercise tests were conducted before as well as 4, ...
Lawson W E - - 1992
Eighteen patients with chronic angina despite surgical and medical therapy were treated with an improved system of enhanced external counterpulsation (EECP) (1 hour daily for a total of 36 hours). Patients underwent a baseline treadmill thallium-201 stress test. After EECP treatment, a thallium stress test was repeated for the same ...
Bassan M M - - 1992
Eight men with stable angina, a positive treadmill test, and demonstrated responsiveness to chronic oral isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN) were studied after they had been taking effective doses of ISDN t.i.d. for at least 2 weeks. Exercise tests were performed every 1-2 h until 19.00 hours over one day after the ...
Serneri G G - - 1992
BACKGROUND: Blood clotting activation is an important component of the inflammatory response; the outbursts of unstable angina are usually associated with increased thrombin formation and coronary mural thrombosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: To investigate 1) whether monocyte activation is responsible for the enhanced thrombin formation during bursts of unstable angina and ...
el-Tamimi H - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: To study the effects on myocardial ischaemia of 50 mg of atenolol, 20 mg of slow release nifedipine, and their fixed combination given 12 hourly. DESIGN: A treadmill exercise test and 24 hour ambulatory electrocardiographic monitoring were carried out after a period of five days off treatment (control) and ...
Riley M - - 1992
The effects of epanolol (a new selective beta-adrenoceptor antagonist), diltiazem and placebo were compared in a group of 16 patients with chronic stable angina pectoris. Each patient received each treatment in random order. Diltiazem reduced weekly angina attack rate from 7.2 (95% CI 3.9-10.5) to 3.9 (1.9-5.9) (P less than ...
McLenachan J M - - 1992
We examined the importance of a long plasma half-life (t1/2) on the antianginal effects of beta-blockade by comparing equivalent doses of once-daily atenolol 100 mg (t1/2 6-8 h) and betaxolol 20 mg (t1/2 20-22 h) in a double-blind placebo-controlled cross-over study of 20 patients with stable angina pectoris. At 20 ...
Yates S - - 1992
Clinical trials comparing H2-receptor antagonists and bismuth-containing regimens in ulcer healing, ulcer relapse, or dyspepsia have not been double-blind, because bismuth darkens stools. This study was designed to determine whether enteric-coated charcoal could darken stools of subjects taking an H2-receptor antagonist without interfering with absorption of the drug. Twelve healthy ...
- - 1992
TIBET is a European multicenter, double-blind parallel group trial with the main objective of investigating whether total ischemic burden has important prognostic implications in patients with stable angina on treatment. A secondary objective is to compare the antianginal and antiischemic effects of atenolol (50 mg bid), nifedipine (20-40 mg bid), ...
Cocco G - - 1992
Ranolazine (RS 43285) is a new piperazine derivative with anti-ischemic properties attributed to a modulation of myocardial metabolism. Its antianginal action was assessed in 104 patients recruited in a double-blind, crossover, randomized study comparing placebo with a single dose of ranolazine (10, 60, 120, and 240 mg). All patients had ...
de Muinck E D - - 1992
Bisoprolol 10 mg and atenolol 100 mg once daily were compared regarding efficacy and safety in stable effort angina in a 12-week, multicenter, double-blind, randomized, parallel-group study. Efficacy was evaluated with angina pectoris diaries and bicycle exercise tests. Spontaneously mentioned complaints and side effects were recorded at each visit. In ...
Olsson G - - 1992
To avoid the development of nitrate tolerance secondary to relatively constant elevated plasma nitrate concentrations, intermittent nitrate dosing has been advocated. However, a nitrate-free interval may induce a rebound increase in myocardial ischaemia, and thus increase anginal symptoms during the latter portion of the dosing interval. This was suggested by ...
Strömberg C - - 1992
Six healthy volunteers received 15 mg midazolam, 50 mg ephedrine, or placebo orally before a 50-minute aerobic treadmill exercise and in a control session. Plasma drug concentrations for pharmacokinetic calculations were estimated from samples drawn up to 24 hours after drug intake. Heart rate, blood pressure, critical flicker fusion test, ...
Dubiel J P - - 1992
A double-blind study was performed in 32 patients with stable angina pectoris to assess the effects of slow-release isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN) (a single dose of 120 mg/day) on the frequency and duration of painless and painful ischemic episodes, and on electrocardiographic changes and exercise tolerance. Forty-eight-hour electrocardiographic monitoring and treadmill ...
Frishman W H - - 1992
The efficacy and safety of bepridil hydrochloride (HCl) and propranolol HCl monotherapy were investigated in a double-blind, parallel-group crossover study in 75 patients with chronic stable angina pectoris. For the first double-blind segment, both drugs reduced the frequency of weekly anginal attacks and nitroglycerin consumption. On exercise testing, bepridil was ...
Ahmed J H - - 1992
This study investigated the cardiac responses and pharmacokinetics following the acute and chronic administration of verapamil in 14 middle-aged and elderly patients with ischemic heart disease (age range 42-76 years). There were small significant reductions in heart rate during chronic treatment, but there were no significant effects on the PR ...
Dahlström C G - - 1992
The effect of the combined treatment with propranolol 20 mg tid and diltiazem 60 mg tid in patients with chronic atrial fibrillation treated with digoxin was evaluated. Thirteen patients entered a double-blind, three-phase crossover study. Heart rate was significantly reduced during rest and at maximal exercise (p less than 0.05) ...
Marraccini P - - 1992
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and possibly the mechanism of action of gallopamil and diltiazem in a double-blind crossover trial in patients with effort ischaemia. Twenty male patients (mean age 57 +/- 6 years) with documented coronary atherosclerosis and exercise-induced ischaemia (ST depression greater than ...
Mallard N J - - 1992
1. The effects of the putative alpha 1B-adrenoceptor antagonist, chloroethylchlonidine (CEC), on tension responses of the rat isolated whole vas deferens to single and multiple pulses of electrical field stimulation have been evaluated by use of a microcomputer system which enables the averaging of like-responses throughout their time course. 2. ...
Barbour M M - - 1992
The effects of oral dipyridamole on exercise performance and anginal symptoms were evaluated in 15 men with stable angina pectoris. In a double-blind, randomized, crossover design, patients received 75 mg of dipyridamole or placebo every 8 hours for 2 weeks in addition to their previously prescribed cardiac medications. Graded exercise ...
Lagioia R - - 1992
The effects of propionyl-L-carnitine on exercise tolerance of 12 patients with stable exertional angina were assessed in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over protocol using serial exercise tests. Compared to placebo, propionyl-L-carnitine significantly increased total work from 514 +/- 199 to 600 +/- 209 W (P less than 0.05) (17%) and prolonged ...
Pellinen T J - - 1992
The efficacy of sustained-release (s.r.) verapamil and conventional verapamil were compared in a double blind, crossover study in 20 patients (age 53 +/- SD6 years) who had stable effort angina and had used betablockers and long acting nitrates for at least two weeks. All patients received s.r. verapamil 200 mg ...
Kawanishi D T - - 1992
Seventy-four patients with chronic stable mild angina, mild coronary artery disease (83% had one- or two-vessel disease) and normal left ventricular function were studied to measure the response of treadmill exercise performance and painful and silent ischemia in the ambulatory setting to randomly assigned treatment with nifedipine or propranolol and ...
Radice M - - 1992
In 50 patients with stable effort angina the effect of three drugs, metoprolol, nifedipine, and diltiazem was assessed by analyzing exercise stress test response and ambulatory ECG recordings. Both metoprolol and diltiazem caused a significant increase in time to ischemic threshold during exercise and a significant decrease of maximum ST-segment ...
Foale R A - - 1992
In a randomised, double-blind, crossover study of oral sustained-release verapamil 360 mg o.d. ('SR-verapamil') and oral nifedipine 20 mg t.d.s. in 19 patients with chronic stable angina pectoris, significantly greater improvement from baseline was seen with SR-verapamil than with nifedipine. Mean exercise duration was 380 +/- 108 s with SR-verapamil ...
Cherchi A - - 1992
Gallopamil (GSR) is a new calcium-channel blocker. The anti-ischemic activity of GSR was investigated in 12 patients with stable angina of effort, with fixed ischemic threshold (variations < 15%). After a 7-day washout period, patients were randomized to receive treatment with either GSR 100 mg or placebo twice daily for ...
Boesgaard S - - 1992
BACKGROUND: Development of tolerance to organic nitrates may be related to depletion of sulfhydryl groups in vascular smooth muscle. N-Acetylcysteine (NAC), a sulfhydryl donor, has been reported to potentiate the effect of nitroglycerin and reverse tolerance in humans. However, its ability to prevent or delay the development of nitrate tolerance ...
Oral I - - 1992
The aggregability of the blood platelets and their ultrastructure were examined during the bicycle exercise test in 20 patients with ischemic heart disease and stable angina pectoris. In 8 patients with unequivocally positive exercise test a significant increment of stimulated aggregation from 58.2 (CV7%) to 71.2 (13.6%) resulted in comparison ...
Derman W E - - 1992
This study compared the effects of clinically prescribed doses of cilazapril, nifedipine, and atenolol on maximal exercise performance in physically active subjects. In a double-blind crossover trial, 10 healthy male volunteers performed progressive aerobic exercise to exhaustion for determination of maximal oxygen consumption (VO2 max), after single dose ingestion of ...
Antalóczy Z - - 1992
The anti-anginal effect of Tenormin (atenolol) has been examined besides placebo control by single blind method in 20 patients with ischaemic heart disease, suffering from stable effort angina proved by coronarography. It has been observed that atenolol significantly decreases the weekly number of anginal attacks, and the amount of sublingual ...
Kottkamp H - - 1992
The anti-ischemic properties and tolerability of a slow-release formulation (SR) of gallopamil were investigated in 118 patients with exercise-inducible ST-segment depression and stable angina pectoris in this double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, multicenter study. After a placebo run-in period (A) of 2-7 days and a 7-day open therapy period (B) with gallopamil ...
Rydén L - - 1992
The efficacy of epanolol vs. metoprolol in stable angina pectoris was compared in 114 patients recruited to a randomized double-blind cross-over study, consisting of a 4-week period on each drug. Epanolol (200 mg) or metoprolol (200 mg) was administered daily. Bicycle ergometry was performed at the end of each treatment ...
Nahrendorf W - - 1992
The beta-blocking and vasodilating agent carvedilol was compared with a combination of propranolol and isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN) in a double-blind, parallel-group study. After two baseline sitting bicycle exercise tests on placebo, 31 patients with chronic stable angina were asymmetrically randomized to treatment with carvedilol (25 mg b.i.d.) or propranolol-ISDN (80 ...
Toma T P TP University Medical School of Iasi, - - 1992
The effect of GTN on stomach is unknown although there is evidence that nitric oxide, the active component of GTN have a mediator role in the upper gastrointestinal tract. By the use of a newly developed barostat technique it was investigated the effect of GTN on gastric fundal tone and ...
Bernstein R - - 1991
In some patients with severe hypothyroidism, thyroxine replacement therapy precipitates or aggravates angina pectoris, whereas in other patients angina pectoris is ameliorated or even cured. Cardiac function in eight severely hypothyroid patients was studied by means of radionuclide ventriculography (RNV) at rest and during supine bicycle exercise before thyroxine treatment, ...
Wong C K - - 1991
We investigated the potential benefit of a preferential pulmonary vasodilatory effect of nifedipine in 4 patients with Eisenmenger syndrome complicating ventricular septal defect. First-pass radionuclide scan was performed at rest to measure intracardiac shunting before and after nifedipine. Two hours after 20 mg sublingual nifedipine, right-to-left shunt increased from 16.3 ...
Margonato A - - 1991
We studied 20 patients with ischaemic heart disease, who consistently developed complex ventricular arrhythmias during exercise testing. Treadmill exercise was performed twice, both during the placebo infusion and then during intravenous administration of nitroglycerin, titrated to reduce systolic blood pressure by 10 mmHg. Exercise duration in those administered placebo was ...
- - 1991
To resolve the controversies surrounding the antianginal use of chronic, continuous 24-hour transdermal nitroglycerin therapy, a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized, parallel-group study was designed. Eligible patients had chronic angina pectoris with symptom-limited, reproducible treadmill tests and were responsive to sublingual nitroglycerin (n = 562). Patients were randomly assigned to placebo or ...
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