Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 985
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Radice M - - 1996
To investigate the effects of the acute administration of aminophylline and nitroglycerin on effort ischemia, 20 patients with syndrome X underwent 3 bicycle exercise tests after sublingual nitroglycerin (0.3 mg) and after 90 minutes of oral administration of aminophylline (400 mg). Compared with the basal test, only aminophylline induced a ...
Krittayaphong R - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: To determine the relationship between depression scores and (1) anginal indices during exercise including time to onset of angina, duration of angina, and severity of angina and (2) beta-endorphin at rest and in response to exercise. DESIGN: Prospective clinical trial. SETTING: Tertiary-care university hospital. PATIENTS: Fifty-eight patients with documented ...
Murohara T T Division of Cardiology, Saiseikai Kumamoto Hospital, Kumamoto, - - 1996
Nitrate tolerance has been reported to be reversed by certain types of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. We examined whether alacepril, a new long-acting oral ACE inhibitor, has beneficial effects against exercise-induced angina in patients with stable effort angina after substantial isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN) treatment. Thirteen men with stable effort angina ...
Parker J D - - 1996
The organic nitrates continue to be widely used in clinical practice. The development of tolerance to these agents is now a well-recognized problem, although the use of a nitrate-free interval or compounds with specialized pharmacokinetic profiles can overcome this difficulty. Despite this success, prospective studies of intermittent transdermal nitroglycerin have ...
Sakata K - - 1996
To characterize the vasospastic angina patients with exercise-induced ischemia, we measured hemostasis (platelet factor 4; PF4, fibrinopeptide A; FPA) and fibrinolytic parameters (tissue plasminogen activator antigen; t-PA, free plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 antigen; free PAI-1) in 15 normal subjects and 33 vasospastic angina patients without significant coronary artery stenosis (less than ...
Albertsson P A - - 1996
We investigated the acute effect of transdermal estradiol-17-beta on exercise-induced ischemia in 15 postmenopausal women (mean age 58 +/- 6 years) with syndrome X (angina pectoris, positive exercise test and normal coronary angiogram) and eight healthy women (mean age 58 +/- 5 years) in a placebo-controlled, double-blind crossover trial. Two ...
Bartels G L - - 1996
L-propionylcarnitine, a naturally occurring derivative of L-carnitine, essential for mitochondrial fatty acid transport and high-energy phosphate exchange, acutely reduces myocardial ischaemia and improves ischaemia-induced cardiac dysfunction following intravenous administration. This randomized, crossover study was designed to compare the long-term anti-ischaemic effects of oral L-propionylcarnitine with diltiazem in patients with stable, ...
Klemsdal T O - - 1996
After a decade of controversy and debate, many experts have now concluded that continuous nitroglycerin patch treatment leads to complete tolerance development and therefore cannot be recommended for any angina patient. This conclusion is largely based on the disappointing results of the large Transdermal Nitroglycerin Cooperative Study, in which continuous ...
Steele I C - - 1996
To determine whether seven days oral D-ribose would improve exercise tolerance in a group of 5 patients with McArdle's disease, we performed a double blind placebo controlled crossover trial. Subjects performed weekly treadmill exercise tests with expired gas analysis until their times were reproducible. They then received 60 g D-ribose ...
Parker J D - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Therapy with diuretics has been reported to prevent the development of nitrate tolerance. Importantly, diuretics may have independent antianginal effects through their effects on intravascular volume. The present investigation was designed to determine whether diuretic therapy could prevent the development of tolerance to continuous transdermal nitroglycerin. The study was ...
Savonitto S - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to investigate whether combination therapy with metoprolol and nifedipine provides a greater anti-ischemic effect than does monotherapy in individual patients with stable angina pectoris. BACKGROUND: Combination therapy with a beta-adrenergic blocking agent (which reduces myocardial oxygen consumption) and a dihydropyridine calcium antagonist (which increases coronary ...
Harpey C - - 1996
The comparison of the anti-ischemic activity of trimetazidine and propranolol was evaluated by multiple end points (clinical, exercise test, and ambulatory electrocardiogram [ECG] monitoring criteria) in 149 male patients with effort angina who received either trimetazidine 20 mg tid or propranolol 40 mg tid during a period of 3 months. ...
Letizia C - - 1996
The purpose of this study was to determine the response of plasma levels of endothelin-1 (ET-1) to dynamic exercise in patients with coronary artery disease and chronic stable angina pectoris and positive exercise tolerance test, before and after treatment with the calcium antagonist nisoldipine (20 mg/day buccally for 7 days). ...
Dendale P A - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: This study investigates the predictive value of concurrent exercise radionuclide ventriculography and myocardial perfusion scintigraphy obtained six weeks after successful percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty for the recurrence of angina. METHODS: Both studies were obtained simultaneously with a single injection of technetium-99m sestamibi using the first-pass technique and the computerized ...
Korn A - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this double-blind study were to assess the tolerability and i.v. tyramine pressor response during combined treatment with moclobemide and selegiline. SUBJECTS: Two parallel groups of 12 healthy male and female subjects were treated with 200 mg moclobemide or 5 mg selegiline b.d. for 14 days. On ...
Fox K M - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of atenolol, nifedipine and their combination on exercise parameters and ambulatory ischaemic activity in patients with mild chronic stable angina. SETTING: Multicentre, multinational study involving 608 patients from 69 centres in nine countries. DESIGN: Placebo washout followed by double-blind parallel-group study comparing atenolol 50 mg ...
Patel D J - - 1995
Four exercise test protocols (Bruce, Balke, Ellestad and Steep) were compared in 16 patients with proven coronary artery disease in demonstrating the anti-anginal effects of sublingual glyceryl trinitrate in a randomization double-blind trial. Glyceryl trinitrate significantly improved the time, heart rate and rate pressure product to peak exercise, onset of ...
Lee B O - - 1995
Generally, premature ejaculation is caused by organic, psychological, interpersonal factors and lay beliefs. It is defined as a lack of adequate voluntary ejaculatory control with the result that a patient climaxes involuntarily. An ejaculatory control may be said to be established when the patient can tolerate high levels of excitement ...
Mohanty N - - 1995
Tolerance to prolonged nitroglycerin (NTG) may be due to drug-induced intravascular expansion. To test the hypothesis that concomitant diuretics may reduce volume expansions and thus prevent NTG tolerance, we studied 23 healthy volunteers randomized to hydrochlorthiazide or placebo before and during 74-hour continuous NTG exposure. Venodilator response to NTG was ...
Kuhn A - - 1995
Elgodipine is a new second-generation dihydropyridine calcium antagonist. Its hemodynamic and antiischemic properties were evaluated in a single-blind, placebo-controlled trial in 22 males with chronic stable angina. Coronary artery disease was angiographically confirmed. Measurements were performed with a Swan-Ganz thermodilution catheter during a 30-minute period of rest and before the ...
Sakata K - - 1995
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of beraprost sodium, a stable prostacyclin analog, on the parameters of hemostasis, fibrinolysis, and myocardial ischemia in patients with exertional angina. Thirty-one patients with exertional angina who had significant organic coronary artery stenosis in at least one of the three ...
Frishman W H - - 1995
OBJECTIVES: We examined the antianginal and anti-ischemic effects of oral zatebradine, a direct sinus node inhibitor that has no blood pressure-lowering or negative inotropic effects in patients with chronic stable angina pectoris taking extended-release nifedipine. BACKGROUND: Heart rate reduction is considered an important pharmacologic mechanism for providing anginal pain relief ...
Ott I - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested an increased risk of myocardial infarction associated with physical exercise. Activated neutrophils may contribute to the triggering mechanisms. METHODS: Fifteen patients with stable angina pectoris underwent symptom-limited bicycle ergometry. In neutrophils obtained from serial blood samples, superoxide anion production (SOP) was determined by superoxide dismutase-inhibited ...
Ardissino D - - 1995
OBJECTIVES: The present study was designed to investigate which characteristics of anginal symptoms or exercise test results could predict the favorable anti-ischemic effect of the beta-adrenergic blocking agent metoprolol and the calcium antagonist nifedipine in patients with stable angina pectoris. BACKGROUND: The characteristics of anginal symptoms and the results of ...
Scrutinio D - - 1995
This study was undertaken to assess the relation of ambulatory myocardial ischemia to heart rate changes and variability in exercise threshold in patients with chronic angina. The study involved 118 patients with chronic angina and proven coronary artery disease who had a 'positive' exercise test result. All patients underwent a ...
Acanfora D - - 1995
We evaluated the efficacy and safety of gallopamil 150 mg daily in middle-aged and elderly patients with stable exertional ischemia, using a medium-term randomized double-blind cross-over placebo-controlled trial. Twenty middle-aged patients (52.8 +/- 6 years; range 38-61 years) and 14 elderly patients (67.4 +/- 2.8 years; range 65-73 years) with ...
Ballegaard S - - 1995
We studied the effect of acupuncture in 49 patients with angina pectoris with focus on its relationship to psycho-social factors and changes in skin temperature, pain thresholds, and pain tolerance thresholds. No significant influence from patient expectation, social stress (strain) or profiles of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) was ...
Seki T - - 1995
The effects of spironolactone (5% SYC-201G, a preparation developed for clinical use in acne vulgaris by Searle Yakuhin K.K.), which is known to have antiandrogenic effects by competitively inhibiting dihydrotestosterone at androgen receptor sites, was topically applied to the androgen stimulated sebaceous glands of adult female golden hamsters. Androgen stimulation, ...
Fujita M - - 1995
In this double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter trial, we examined the combined effects of repeated exercise and intravenous enoxaparin (low-molecular-weight heparin) on treadmill exercise capacity and angiographic collateral growth and compared them with the effect of repeated exercise with placebo. Fifty-two patients with stable-effort angina were randomly assigned to receive one of ...
Davies R F - - 1995
OBJECTIVES: This study compared the effects of amlodipine, atenolol and their combination on ischemia during treadmill testing and 48-h ambulatory monitoring. BACKGROUND: It is not known whether anti-ischemic drugs exert similar effects on ischemia during ambulatory monitoring and exercise treadmill testing. METHODS: Patients with stable coronary artery disease and ischemia ...
Schulte K L - - 1995
The effects, as monotherapy, of felodipine ER 10 mg o.m. and nifedipine SR 20 mg b.d. were compared in a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, three-way cross-over trial in 43 patients with stable exercise-induced angina pectoris. The exercise tests were performed at the end of dosage interval (i.e. 24 h after felodipine ...
Ogawa H - - 1995
We evaluated the acute antianginal effect of oral nisoldipine (10 mg), metoprolol (40 mg), and long-acting isosorbide dinitrate (20 mg) in 15 patients with stable exertional angina. The patients performed symptom-limited treadmill exercise at 2 h after the administration of placebo (Placebo stages 1 and 2) and each of the ...
Wettervik C - - 1995
We evaluated the antianginal effects of endoscopic transthoracic sympathicotomy (ETS) in 24 patients not eligible for coronary bypass surgery or angioplasty. In this procedure, the sympathetic chain is electrocoagulated under general anaesthesia. No major surgical complications occurred. The frequency of anginal attacks was significantly reduced (p = 0.001). The mean ...
Ogino K - - 1995
To elucidate the effect of Nicorandil on myocardial energy metabolism and myocardial sympathetic activity, we administered Nicorandil orally to eight patients with angina pectoris prior to exercise testing. Arterial and coronary sinus levels of lactate, ammonia, hypoxanthine (HX), adrenaline and noradrenaline were measured during exercise in order to determine the ...
Gandhi M M - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the current management of angina pectoris in general practice. AIM: This survey set out to assess general practitioners' perceptions of current investigation and treatment for angina pectoris. METHOD: A postal questionnaire was sent to all 217 general practitioners listed with the Hampshire Family Health Services ...
Steffensen R - - 1995
A double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study was carried out to evaluate the short-term effects of captopril on exercise tolerance in 18 normotensive patients with chronic stable angina pectoris and normal left ventricular function. Captopril 25 mg (or placebo) was given twice, i.e. in the evening (10 p.m.) and the following morning ...
Onofrj M - - 1995
With ST200 as the commercial source of L-acetylcarnitine hydrochloride, 94 patients were enrolled in this study; 31 were assigned to placebo, 31 to ST200 at 0.5 g/die and 32 to ST200 at 1 g/die, the i.m. treatments being injected daily for 15 consecutive days. In general, concerning the efficacy assessment, ...
de Vries R J - - 1994
Coronary artery disease is an increasingly common medical problem in the elderly, and relatively few studies investigating drug therapy focus on this population. To assess the efficacy and safety of the calcium channel blocker, felodipine, and isosorbide mononitrate (ISMN), as adjunct to optimal beta-blocker therapy in elderly patients, a placebo-controlled, ...
Wang J S - - 1994
BACKGROUND: Platelets play an important role in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases. It is also noticed that on one hand, regular exercise can reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases, and on the other hand, vigorous exercise provokes sudden cardiac death. We therefore hypothesize that various intensities of exercise may affect ...
Ray S G - - 1994
Celiprolol is a novel beta 1 selective adrenoreceptor blocker with partial beta 2 agonism and direct vasodilator activity. These ancillary properties may reduce symptomatic breathlessness and fatigue and modify respiration during exercise. To test this hypothesis 20 men with stable effort angina were enrolled in a double-blind crossover study to ...
Nishinaka Y - - 1994
Hemodynamic effects of a newly developed calcium channel blocker, pranidipine, on dynamic exercise-induced angina were investigated. Ten patients with stable effort angina pectoris underwent symptom-limited bicycle ergometer exercise testings before and after a single oral administration of pranidipine, and effects of pranidipine on systemic, cardiac and coronary hemo-dynamics induced by ...
Pool P E - - 1994
This multicenter, open-label, single crossover study examined 195 patients taking an immediate-release diltiazem tablet as chronic stable angina therapy to determine if apparently logical methods of converting them to an extended-release, once-daily formulation were effective. Patients were converted from the immediate-release (Phase I) to an extended-release (Phase II) formulation of ...
Sussex B A - - 1994
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the use of a diuretic would maintain the antianginal efficacy of isosorbide dinitrate during 1 week of therapy. METHODS: During continuous therapy, organic nitrates have a reduction in antianginal effectiveness and cause fluid retention. The study was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover design examining the effect ...
Yokota M - - 1994
Twenty-four patients with chronic stable exertional angina pectoris were randomized in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial to assess the efficacy and durability of a newly developed, sustained-release formulation of nifedipine (nifedipine CC) in a single 40-mg oral dose. Symptom-limited graded treadmill exercise tests were performed just before, and at 4, ...
Wallén N H - - 1994
1. A randomised double-blind placebo-controlled cross-over study was performed to investigate the effects of oral isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN; 20 mg twice daily for 2 weeks) on various aspects of platelet function in vivo in 20 patients with stable angina pectoris. Measurements were performed at rest and after platelet activation by ...
Glasser S P - - 1994
A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover study tested peak and trough efficacy of immediate-release nisoldipine (20 mg twice daily) added to existent beta-adrenergic blocking therapy. Patients were randomized with a history of chronic stable angina, while receiving a stable regimen of a beta-blocking agent, with exercise test-induced angina in association with ...
de Jongste M J - - 1994
OBJECTIVES: In a prospective, randomized study with an 8-week follow-up period, we evaluated the efficacy of spinal cord stimulation on exercise capacity and quality of life in patients with intractable angina. BACKGROUND: Despite important achievements in therapy for ischemic heart disease, there remain patients with intractable symptoms of angina. In ...
Takase B - - 1994
To investigate the effects of bepridil on silent myocardial ischemia and on eicosanoid metabolism, 10 patients with chronic stable angina underwent exercise treadmill testing and 48-hour ambulatory electrocardiographic monitoring both before and after 4 weeks of bepridil administration (150 mg/day). Fasting venous levels of thromboxane B2, 6-keto-prostaglandin F1 alpha, and ...
Holdright D R - - 1994
Acadesine, the first of a class of adenosine-regulating agents, has been shown to possess antiischemic properties in animal models. The aim of the study was to assess the effect of acadesine on exercise-induced myocardial ischemia in patients with chronic stable angina pectoris. Twelve patients with stable angina entered a five-way, ...
Dubrey S W - - 1994
Enoximone, a phosphodiesterase inhibitor (PDEI), has both positive inotropic and vasodilatory properties. We examined the effect of a single oral dose of enoximone as compared with placebo on myocardial ischaemia and global left ventricular (LV) function using both exercise ECG and Doppler measurements of aortic blood flow, respectively. Twenty patients ...
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