Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 983
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Chou Chih-Hsuan - - 2012
Chou CH, Hwang CL, Wu YT. Effect of exercise on physical function, daily living activities, and quality of life in the frail older adults: a meta-analysis. To determine the effect of exercise on the physical function, activities of daily living (ADLs), and quality of life (QOL) of the frail older ...
Chan Cecilia Lai-Wan - - 2012
The objective of this study was to assess evidence for the efficacy and effectiveness of Chinese qigong exercise in rehabilitative programs among cardiac patients. Thirteen databases were searched through to November 2010, and all controlled clinical trials on Chinese qigong exercise among patients with chronic heart diseases were included. For ...
Couto Claudio I - - 2012
To review the effects of exercise training on cardiovascular fitness, cardiac function, strength, quality of life and safety in people on regular haemodialysis for chronic renal disease. CENTRAL, Embase, Medline and CINAHL, searched up to December 2010. Reference lists of included studies were hand searched for further eligible trials. Randomised ...
Churilla James R - - 2012
Resistance exercise (RE) is an important mode of physical activity in the management of metabolic syndrome (MetS). However, little is known about the patterns of RE participation among U.S. adults with and without MetS. Utilizing data from 1999-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, we examined the association(s) between MetS ...
Legemaate G A Guido - - 2012
Introduction: The objective of this study was to investigate whether disaster exercises can be used as a proxy environment to evaluate potential research instruments designed to study the application of medical care management resources during a disaster.Methods: During an 06 April 2005 Ministerial-level exercise in the Netherlands, three functional areas ...
Yang Pei-Yu - - 2012
Does an exercise training program improve the quality of sleep in middle-aged and older adults with sleep problems? Systematic review with meta-analysis of randomised trials. Adults aged over 40 years with sleep problems. A formal exercise training program consisting of either aerobic or resistance exercise. Self-reported sleep quality or polysomnography. ...
Lee C Ellen - - 2012
Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) is the mainstay therapy for men with prostate cancer. However, there are musculoskeletal side effects from ADT that increase the risk for osteoporosis and fracture, and can compromise the quality of life of these individuals. The objectives of this study are to determine the efficacy of ...
Kay Theresa M - - 2012
Neck disorders are common, disabling and costly. The effectiveness of exercise as a physiotherapy intervention remains unclear. To improve pain, disability, function, patient satisfaction, quality of life and global perceived effect in adults with neck pain. Computerized searches were conducted up to February 2012. We included single therapeutic exercise randomized ...
Romano Michele - - 2012
Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is a three-dimensional deformity of the spine . While AIS can progress during growth and cause a surface deformity, it is usually not symptomatic. However, in adulthood, if the final spinal curvature surpasses a certain critical threshold, the risk of health problems and curve progression is ...
Nagel Christian - - 2012
Aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the effects of exercise training in patients with inoperable or residual chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). Thirty-five consecutive patients with invasively confirmed inoperable or residual CTEPH (16 women;19 men; mean age 61±15 years, mean pulmonary artery pressure, 63±20 mmHg; primary inoperable nā€Š=ā€Š33, ...
Reid W Darlene - - 2012
The prescription of physical activity for hospitalized patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) can be complicated by the presence of comorbidities. The current research aimed to synthesize the relevant literature on the benefits of exercise for people with multimorbidities who experience an AECOPD, and ask: What ...
Silva Andressa - - 2012
The objective of this review was to examine evidence regarding the effects of therapeutic exercise on the balance of women with knee osteoarthritis (OA). The search was conducted in Pubmed, Medline, Lilacs, SciELO, ISI web of knowledge, PEDro and the Cochrane Collaboration. We used the keywords: "knee", "balance", "women" and ...
Salo Petri - - 2012
To evaluate whether long-term neck and upper body exercises conducted in economical community-based outpatient clinic and home-based settings could improve health-related quality of life (HRQoL)for individuals affected by chronic neck pain. The effect of baseline HRQoL and neck pain values on training adherence was also studied. Subjects (n = 101, ...
Clark Nancy - - 2011
A new type of athlete is appearing in the offices of sports dietitians: formerly obese people who have undergone gastric bypass surgery and now aspire to be marathoners, triathletes, and other types of endurance athletes. The standard nutrition advice offered to bypass patients is contrary to the standard sports advice ...
Smart Neil A - - 2012
The authors compared the effects of continuous (CON) and intermittent (INT) exercise training programs on functional capacity, quality of life (QOL), and cardiac function in 23 congestive heart failure patients. Patients were randomized to CON exercise training (n=13; aged 66±7 years; peak oxygen consumption [VO(2)], 12.4±2.5 mL/kg/min; weight, 83±12 kg; ...
Stotland Naomi - - 2012
Because prenatal counseling is associated with adherence to weight gain guidelines, we sought to identify patient-level characteristics associated with the receipt of counseling on weight gain, nutrition, and exercise during prenatal care. We performed a secondary data analysis on a cohort of women enrolled in a prenatal counseling intervention study. ...
Chung Christine J - - 2011
For patients with heart failure (HF), dyspnea and fatigue resulting in diminished exercise tolerance are among the main factors that contribute to decreased social and physical functioning and quality of life. There has long been evidence to suggest that measures of cardiac function, such as ejection fraction and cardiac output, ...
Olds Margie - - 2011
Active muscle stiffness might protect the unstable shoulder from recurrent dislocation. To compare strength and active stiffness in participants with unilateral anterior shoulder instability and to examine the relationship between active stiffness and functional ability. Cross-sectional study. University research laboratory. Participants included 16 males (age range, 16-40 years; height = ...
McMullen Kelly L KL University of Rochester Medical Center, NY, - - 2011
Fatigue of the gluteus medius (GMed) muscle might be associated with decreases in postural control due to insufficient pelvic stabilization. Men and women might have different muscular recruitment patterns in response to GMed fatigue. To compare postural control and quality of movement between men and women after a fatiguing hip-abduction ...
Jeukendrup Asker - - 2011
Abstract Endurance sports are increasing in popularity and athletes at all levels are looking for ways to optimize their performance by training and nutrition. For endurance exercise lasting 30?min or more, the most likely contributors to fatigue are dehydration and carbohydrate depletion, whereas gastrointestinal problems, hyperthermia, and hyponatraemia can reduce ...
Ogwumike O O - - 2011
Women in the menopausal stage of life usually have climacteric symptoms of hot flashes, back pain, sleeplessness, night sweats and increased risk of cardiovascular disorders. Although physical exercises have been documented to favourably alleviate some of these problems, there's a paucity of knowledge of their effects on menopausal women in ...
Clark Nancy - - 2011
A new type of athlete is appearing in the offices of sports dietitians: formerly obese people who have undergone gastric bypass surgery and now aspire to be marathoners, triathletes, and other types of endurance athletes. The standard nutrition advice offered to bypass patients is contrary to the standard sports advice ...
Walrand Stéphane - - 2011
The etiology of sarcopenia is multifactorial but still poorly understood, and the sequelae of this phenomenon represent a major public health issue. Age-related loss of muscle mass can be counteracted by adequate metabolic interventions including nutritional intake and exercise training. Other strategies including changes in daily protein pattern, the speed ...
Slater Gary - - 2011
Strength and power athletes are primarily interested in enhancing power relative to body weight and thus almost all undertake some form of resistance training. While athletes may periodically attempt to promote skeletal muscle hypertrophy, key nutritional issues are broader than those pertinent to hypertrophy and include an appreciation of the ...
Hanssen H - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The retinal microcirculation is affected early in the process of atherosclerosis and retinal vessel caliber is an emerging cardiovascular risk factor. Obesity is associated with vascular dysfunction. Here, we investigate the effect of regular exercise on retinal vessel diameters in lean and obese runners. We analyze a possible link ...
Masters Julie L - - 2011
Gerontologists at state-funded universities are being challenged to demonstrate the value of their programs amid looming budget cuts. This article, third in a series reporting research and development of the Future Self exercise, suggests that the latest iteration of the exercise is an effective way to demonstrate the value of ...
Arai Takeshi - - 2011
Aim: The objectives of this study were to examine the relationship between nutritional status indicators such as body mass index (BMI) and serum albumin, and the effects of exercise intervention in community-dwelling frail elderly people. Methods: We enrolled 44 subjects aged 65 years and older (average age 73.9±5.1 years) in ...
Wei Jiafu - - 2011
To assess the effect (harms and benefits) of nitrates for stable angina. We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE and EMBASE. Randomized controlled trials with both parallel and crossover design were included. The following outcome measures were evaluated: number of angina attacks weekly and nitroglycerin consumption, ...
Meyer Philippe - - 2010
Recently, high-intensity aerobic interval training was shown to be more effective than continuous moderate-intensity exercise for improving maximal aerobic capacity and endurance in patients with coronary heart disease. However, patients with exercise-induced ischemia were not included in those studies. We present the acute cardiopulmonary responses of a 67-yr-old man with ...
Bourke Liam - - 2010
Exercise training has been shown to reduce angina and promote collateral vessel development in patients with coronary artery disease. However, the mechanism whereby exercise exerts these beneficial effects is unclear. There has been increasing interest in the use of whole genome peripheral blood gene expression in a wide range of ...
Sen Nihat - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine whether nebivolol affects coronary endothelial function and exercise induced ischemia in patients with cardiac syndrome X (CSX). METHODS: The study protocol undertaken was based on a single-blind randomized controlled prospective study. After a 2-week washout period, 38 patients with cardiac syndrome X were randomized to ...
de Silva Ranil - - 2009
The ASSOCIATE study investigators have reported that the I(f) current inhibitor, ivabradine, is safe, improves exercise performance, and delays the development of ischemia in patients with chronic stable angina beingtreated with atenolol. ivabradine should be considered in the medical management of symptom-limited patients with angina, when heart rate is suboptimally ...
Messin Roger - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Molsidomine, a direct nitric oxide donor, is frequently used in several European countries for the treatment of stable angina. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of a new once-daily 16-mg dose formulation, Coruno (Therabel Pharmaceuticals, Loughrea, Ireland), in patients with stable angina belonging to two ...
Jung Christian - - 2009
The exercise electrocardiogram is a commonly used non-invasive method for detection of electrocardiogram (ECG) changes secondary to myocardial ischemia. Studies showed the importance of the patient's motivation to reach the estimated submaximal heart rate. The purpose of this study was to test whether the patient's motivation is dependent on the ...
Roberts D M - - 2008
The effect of charcoal haemoperfusion on the pharmacokinetics of diltiazem is described in a patient with severe clinical toxicity following acute overdose. The patient presented within 3 h following acute ingestion of multiple medications including sustained-release diltiazem. Routine resuscitation and supportive care were administered, but hypotension did not resolve despite ...
Keating Gillian M - - 2008
Extended-release ranolazine (ranolazine ER) [Ranexa] is a piperazine derivative with a novel mechanism of action that was recently approved in the EU for use as add-on therapy in patients with stable angina pectoris. Ranolazine ER achieves its antianginal effect without affecting heart rate or blood pressure (BP) to a clinically ...
Denuelle Marie - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Migraine sufferers experience premonitory symptoms which suggest that primary hypothalamic dysfunction is a likely trigger of the attacks. Neuroendocrine and laboratory data also support this hypothesis. To date, positron emission tomography (PET) scans of migraine sufferers have demonstrated activation of brainstem nuclei, but not of the hypothalamus. OBJECTIVE: To ...
Hellmann K - - 2007
The efficacy and safety of a novel spot-on formulation of metaflumizone (ProMeris for Cats, Fort Dodge Animal Health, Overland Park, KS) was assessed in cats naturally infested with fleas in a multiregional, clinical field study. Sixteen veterinary clinics in Germany and eight clinics in France enrolled patients to the study. ...
Niwano Shinichi - - 2007
AIMS: The electrical remodelling is considered to play a role in promoting arrhythmogenic substrate of atrial fibrillation (AF), and intracellular calcium overload may play a key role, especially in its early phase. The effect of oral verapamil on repetitive paroxysmal AF (PAF) was evaluated in clinical cases. METHODS AND RESULTS: ...
Bilinska Maria - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Classic sulfonyloureas (SUs) are known to attenuate ischaemic preconditioning. Gliclazide is an SU agent believed to be more protective. We assessed the effects of diet, glibenclamide, or gliclazide on the warm-up effect in type 2 diabetic patients with stable angina. METHODS: The study group consisted of 64 men, aged ...
Gatzoulis Michael A - - 2008
Bosentan, an oral endothelin ET(A)/ET(B) receptor antagonist, improves hemodynamics and exercise capacity in patients with Eisenmenger syndrome but longer-term effects are unknown. This study investigated the efficacy and safety of bosentan up to 40 weeks in these patients. Following the 16-week, double blind, placebo-controlled BREATHE-5 study of bosentan in patients ...
Heblakova Eva - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Previously reported inverse method based on dipolar representation of differences in QRST integral maps with and without manifestation of local repolarization changes has shown the ability to identify small areas in the myocardium responsible for these changes in a group of patients with coronary artery diseases underwent revascularization. The ...
Zhu Wen-Ling - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The efficacy and safety of nicorandil were evaluated in Chinese patients with stable angina pectoris (AP) in a double-blind, multicenter, active-controlled, randomized clinical trial. METHODS AND RESULTS: After a 2-week washout period, 232 patients with stable AP were randomized to receive either nicorandil (5 mg tid; 115 patients) or ...
Lambert T - - 2007
BeneFix, the only recombinant factor IX (FIX), has been reformulated. The reformulation involves a change in diluent and allows for more concentrated infusions of recombinant FIX. A double-blind, randomized, pharmacokinetic (PK) crossover study demonstrated that reformulated BeneFix was bioequivalent to original BeneFix and follow-up PK evaluation after 6 months of ...
Yongyuth Pisit - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Foreign migrant workers with work permits in Thailand are given once a year 300 mg diethyl-carbamazine (DEC) for bancroftian filariasis, and 400 mg albendazole (ABZ) for helminthiasis. Treatment effectiveness, tolerability, and safety of two treatment arms, DEC + ABZ and DEC alone, had never been fully documented. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate ...
Serbest M O - - 2007
In this study, vasodilator effect of iloprost on KCl-induced contraction in human internal mammary artery (IMA) was studied and compared with other vasodilators papaverin and diltiazem. Ring segments of IMA were studied in organ baths for measurement of isometric tension. After the tissues has reached their baseline tension, precontraction was ...
Junghans Cornelia - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Conventional guidelines have limited effect on changing physicians' test ordering. We sought to determine the effect of patient-specific ratings vs conventional guidelines on appropriate investigation of angina. METHODS: Randomized controlled trial of 145 physicians receiving patient-specific ratings (online prompt stating whether the specific vignette was considered appropriate or inappropriate ...
Ruzyllo Witold - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Current medical therapies for the symptoms of angina pectoris aim to improve oxygen supply and reduce oxygen demand in the myocardium. Not all patients respond to current antianginal monotherapy, or even combination therapy, and a new class of antianginal drug that complements existing therapies would be useful. ...
Wenger Nanette K - - 2007
More women than men with myocardial infarction have previous stable angina pectoris. Women also have an increased incidence of angina after percutaneous coronary intervention and coronary artery bypass grafting. Data from 1,737 patients with stable angina pectoris in 4 international trials (Monotherapy Assessment of Ranolazine In Stable Angina [MARISA], Combination ...
Uhl Idun - - 2006
The loudness dependence of auditory evoked potentials (LDAEP) has been discussed as a non-invasive in vivo marker of central serotonergic function. Evidence for this has been found in animal studies, but studies in humans provide less consistent results. In this study, the relationship between LDAEP and directly modulated central serotonergic ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >