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Results 451 - 500 of 983
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Dalla-Volta S - - 1990
Trimetazidine has been shown to have an antianginal effect, increasing exercise capability without producing any significant change of heart rate or systolic blood pressure. The aim of this study was to compare trimetazidine efficiency to that of another classical antianginal drug. A double-blind crossover trimetazidine versus nifedipine trial was carried ...
Specchia G - - 1990
Coronary vasoconstriction may play a relevant role in the pathogenesis of exercise-induced myocardial ischemia, not only in patients with Prinzmetal's angina, but also in patients with chronic stable angina. In these patients the use of calcium antagonists, namely, dihydropyridine derivatives, may be beneficial. Hyperventilation is a simple and sensitive test ...
Vlay S C - - 1990
Since not all patients tolerate beta-blockers, the efficacy of nifedipine and isosorbide dinitrate was evaluated alone and in combination in patients with stable angina pectoris. The study was a randomized double-blind crossover design with patients titrated to maximally tolerated doses of both drugs. Phases included isosorbide dinitrate alone, nifedipine alone, ...
De Caprio L - - 1990
We studied the short-term effects of oral administration of nisoldipine (10 mg) and propranolol (80 mg) alone and in combination in 14 patients with chronic exertional angina pectoris in a double-blind, randomized, cross-over study. The 14 patients (13 men and 1 woman, mean age 56 +/- 7 years) performed symptoms-limited ...
van Baak M A - - 1990
Since many patients with a wide variety of diseases are nowadays stimulated to adopt a physically active lifestyle, the question of the influence of exercise on the pharmacokinetics of drugs has become more and more relevant. Because exercise influences a large number of physiological factors that also determine the pharmacokinetics ...
Shell W E - - 1990
Exercise treadmill tests and ambulatory monitoring were used in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, double-dummy crossover comparison of nifedipine (10 mg, 3 times daily) and transdermal nitroglycerin (15 mg). All patients (n = 20) had chronic stable angina with symptomatic and silent events. All patients had 3 episodes of angina/week and 3 ...
Lundström T - - 1990
The effects of two calcium channel blockers, diltiazem (270 mg/day) and verapamil (240 mg/day), were studied in 18 patients with chronic atrial fibrillation. During 24 h Holter electrocardiographic monitoring, mean ventricular rate (beats/min) decreased from 88 +/- 14 with placebo to 76 +/- 13 (p less than 0.001) with diltiazem ...
de Belder M A - - 1990
The magnitude and duration of the antianginal and anti-ischemic effects of isosorbide mononitrate (IS-5-MN), 20 mg, were determined in 10 patients with chronic stable angina pectoris. An exercise test (treadmill, Bruce protocol) was performed before and at 1, 6, 8 and 10 hours after oral administration of the drug. The ...
Jansen W - - 1990
The possibility of maintaining preload reduction and enhancement of exercise tolerance during an interval treatment with 50 mg/day of sustained-release isosorbide-5-nitrate (IS-5-N) was investigated in 13 patients (aged 54.4 +/- 7.9 years [mean +/- standard deviation]) with angiographically confirmed coronary artery disease and chronic stable angina pectoris. The effects of ...
Seabra-Gomes R - - 1990
Thirty-three men with stable exercise-induced angina pectoris entered a randomized, double-blind, crossover study in which controlled-release isosorbide-5-mononitrate 60 mg once daily was compared with conventional isosorbide dinitrate 20 mg 3 times daily. Each drug was given for 2 weeks. Twenty-eight patients completed the study and data on exercise variables are ...
Yokota M - - 1990
To investigate the mechanism of antianginal action of the calcium channel blocker nisoldipine and to determine the reproducibility of the clinical and hemodynamic events induced by supine leg exercise, 30 patients with stable effort angina pectoris were studied. They were divided into two groups; one group of 19 patients received ...
Bowles M J - - 1990
Eighteen male patients (aged 40-66 years) with confirmed ischaemic heart disease and a minimum of four angina attacks per week were included in a double-blind comparison of dilevalol 200 mg, dilevalol 400 mg and atenolol 100 mg. Following a one-week placebo run-in period patients were randomly allocated to one of ...
Mitrovic V - - 1990
In a randomized double-blind study, the haemodynamic and anti-ischaemic effects of the new dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker isradipine (5 mg and 10 mg thrice daily (t.i.d.) were investigated over 1 week in nine patients with coronary artery disease and chronic effort angina and compared with nifedipine (20 mg t.i.d.) and ...
Rice K R - - 1990
Nifedipine may be effective in the treatment of stable angina by both decreasing myocardial oxygen demand and increasing myocardial oxygen supply. To determine the mechanism of action of nifedipine and its dose-response relation, 14 patients with stable angina were treated with nifedipine 10, 20 and 30 mg 4 times daily ...
Faigenbaum A D - - 1990
The purpose of this study was to investigate the symptomatic and physiologic responses during moderate to heavy resistance exercise in a population with coronary artery disease. After at least 12 weeks of aerobic training without experiencing complications, 15 male cardiac patients were selected for the study. Approximately one week after ...
Pedersen T R - - 1990
Treatment with nisoldipine (2 x 10 mg tablets once daily) and nifedipine (2 x 10 mg capsules three times daily) in patients with severe, but stable effort angina pretreated with atenolol (100 mg once daily in 19 patients and 50 mg once daily in one patient) were compared for their ...
Silke B - - 1990
A prospective, randomized study compared the effects of equivalent intravenous doses of three slow calcium-channel blockers (verapamil, diltiazem, and amlodipine) on rest and exercise haemodynamics in 30 ischemic heart disease patients. Following a stable control period during which rest and exercise (supine bicycle) hemodynamics were assessed, equivalent hypotensive doses of ...
Visser F C - - 1990
Two-hundred-and-eighty individuals with anginal complaints, without prior myocardial infarction and with a positive exercise stress test were divided into a group (n = 67) with exercise-induced silent myocardial ischemia and another group (n = 213) with exercise-induced angina pectoris. Both underwent coronary angiography and were compared with each other with ...
Narahara K A - - 1990
Betaxolol is a new, highly cardioselective, once-a-day beta blocker with a long half-life (mean 16 hours). The antianginal efficacy of 2 doses of betaxolol (20 and 40 mg) given once daily was evaluated and compared with propranolol (40 or 80 mg) 4 times daily. Ninety-two patients completed the 10-week double-blind ...
Bristol D R - - 1990
The variable 'walking time to moderate angina' on an exercise stress test is the primary means to judge the efficacy of new treatments for angina pectoris. Unfortunately, 'walking time to moderate angina' is often censored by fatigue or other reasons for premature termination of the exercise stress test. If time ...
Gasic S - - 1990
This study was performed to examine whether cilazapril, a novel nonsulfhydril angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor, may improve regional myocardial perfusion at exercise in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). In a single-blind, nonrandomized trial, 5 mg cilazapril or placebo was administered to eight patients with documented CHD and stable exertional ...
Ogasawara S - - 1990
The short-term effects of oral diltiazem on hemodynamics and distribution of cardiac output at rest and during semiupright bicycle exercise were evaluated in eight patients with stable effort angina on long-term beta 1-adrenergic blockade. Cardiac output and iliofemoral blood flow were measured using thermodilution. The patients were exercised to the ...
Thomas S H - - 1990
The cardiovascular effects of single oral doses of nifedipine (5 and 10 mg) and nicardipine (20 and 30 mg) were compared in a placebo controlled double-blind crossover study involving 8 healthy male volunteers. Two hours following drug administration stroke volume and cardiac index were measured non-invasively using transthoracic electrical bioimpedance ...
Lai C - - 1990
To assess the anti-anginal and anti-ischaemic efficacy of the ACE-inhibitor enalapril in normotensive coronary patients, a double-blind, cross-over, placebo-controlled study was performed. Eight male patients, aged 45-68 years, with stable effort angina were given enalapril (10 mg) once a day or placebo for 7 days. Maximal exercise stress tests 10w/min ...
Parker J O - - 1990
The organic nitrates are effective agents in the management of patients with angina pectoris. They are the agents of choice in the treatment of acute episodes of angina pectoris and are useful in angina prophylaxis. While the organic nitrates are extremely effective in angina prophylaxis during acute therapy, there is ...
Ballegaard S - - 1990
In order to evaluate the effects of acupuncture in moderate, stable angina pectoris, 49 patients were randomized to either genuine or sham acupuncture. In sham acupuncture needles were inserted into points within the same spinal segment as in genuine acupuncture, but outside the Chinese meridian system. The effect was evaluated ...
Bengtson J R - - 1990
To determine the value of a 6-month exercise treadmill test for detecting restenosis after elective percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA), 303 consecutive patients with successful PTCA and without a recent myocardial infarction were studied. Among the 228 patients without interval cardiac events, early repeat revascularization or contraindications to treadmill testing, ...
Schnellbacher K - - 1990
The different mechanisms of action of beta-blockers and calcium antagonists could result in an additive therapeutic effect in patients with angina pectoris. Twenty-one male patients aged between 41 and 68 years and suffering from chronic stable angina pectoris and coronary artery disease confirmed by angiography took part in a randomized, ...
de Muinck E D - - 1990
In stable exercise-induced angina pectoris, beta-blockers exert their beneficial effects mainly through a reduction in heart rate, blood pressure. and contractility. Additional beneficial effects are an improvement in myocardial oxygen supply through a redistribution of coronary flow, a lengthening of diastole, a facilitation of aerobic metabolism, and a rightward shift ...
Jain D - - 1990
Ranolazine (RS-43285) has been shown to possess significant anti-ischaemic properties in a canine model of reversible myocardial ischaemia. The clinical efficacy of this new agent was assessed by a single blind, placebo controlled study of 14 patients with chronic stable angina. A 2 week placebo phase was followed by therapy ...
Stauch M - - 1990
The effect of a controlled-release formulation of isosorbide-5-mononitrate (IS-5-MN) was studied in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD), with the aim of comparing the acute effect with that after chronic administration on parameters of ischemia. To determine whether any tolerance developed, several aspects of ischemia were observed: ECG signs, clinical ...
Hiasa Y - - 1989
To examine the chronic effects of nicorandil, a new coronary vasodilator, on exercise tolerance, we gave this drug for ten days at 15 mg/day orally in three divided doses to 10 patients with stable effort angina. An increase in exercise capacity by more than 1 stage of modified Bruce's protocol ...
Klinke W P - - 1989
Sustained-release diltiazem, 120 and 180 mg twice daily, was assessed in a multicenter, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial in 65 stable angina patients with exercise-induced ST depression. Exercise testing was performed 12 +/- 1 hours after the last dose at the end of each of the 3 treatment weeks. Both dose ...
Massa D - - 1989
The purpose of the present study was to determine the value of exercise testing (ET) and dipyridamole echocardiography test (DET) in the early functional evaluation after a successful coronary angioplasty (PTCA) and in the prediction of angina recurrence. 52 patients underwent ET and DET before and 48 h after a ...
Crea F - - 1989
While the role of nitrates in the prevention and treatment of myocardial ischemia is well established, the use of theophylline, proposed almost a century ago, is still controversial. Also controversial is its mechanism of action, initially thought to be coronary dilation. In this randomized, single-blind study, the acute effects on ...
Taylor S H - - 1989
Calcium antagonists are among the most potent and efficacious drugs used in the treatment of angina pectoris. Amlodipine, a new member of this family of dihydropyridines, has a unique pharmacokinetic profile with high bioavailability and an extended period of pharmacodynamic activity. In formal randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials with exercise tests ...
Boström P A - - 1989
The present study evaluates the effect of the beta 1 partial agonist xamoterol in patients with coronary artery disease compared to the effect in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy. Nineteen patients with angina pectoris and nine patients with dilated cardiomyopathy received xamoterol 200 mg b.i.d. for 4 weeks in a placebo-controlled ...
Glasser S P - - 1989
This is the first reported large clinical trial of the antianginal and acute ischemic effectiveness and safety of dilevalol (the R, R-isomer of labetalol) in patients with chronic stable angina pectoris. This was a multicenter double blind fixed-dose parallel group placebo controlled trial. Patients with chronic stable angina and positive ...
Ferratini M - - 1989
The aim of this study was to investigate nitrate tolerance during continuous treatment with nitroglycerin patches (NTG) as monotherapy, and to assess whether tolerance might be prevented by an overnight nitrate-free interval. Ten male patients, of mean age 53.2 years (range 41-62 years), with pathological coronary angiography and stable exercise-induced ...
Molajo A O - - 1989
In a placebo controlled double-blind cross-over study following a dose titration phase, we compared the efficacy of benantolol, a new beta 1 adrenoceptor antagonist with alpha-adrenoceptor partial antagonist activity at 12 and 24 hours after dosing in patients with angina of effort. Twenty patients aged 43-65 years were studied. Each ...
Posma J L - - 1989
The efficacy of sustained-release diltiazem (diltiazem-SR) 120 mg b.i.d. was compared with metoprolol 100 mg b.i.d. in 12 patients with stable angina. Following a 1-week placebo period, patients received diltiazem-SR or metoprolol in two 3-week treatment periods, in a randomized double-blind crossover design. Total exercise time was increased more with ...
Douard H - - 1989
The anti-ischemic properties of the new cardioselective beta-adrenoreceptor antagonist celiprolol were investigated in an open study of 12 men (mean age: 58 +/- 6.6 years) with exercise-induced angina pectoris. After all previous anti-anginal medication had been withdrawn for at least 5 half-lives, the patients received placebo, single doses of nitroglycerin ...
el-Tamimi H - - 1989
To establish the contribution of combination therapy in stable angina, the short- and long-term effects of diltiazem (120 mg and 360 mg/day, respectively), and the additive effects of sublingual isosorbide dinitrate, 10 mg, and atenolol, 100 mg, were studied in 11 patients with chronic stable angina using an open-label sequential ...
Bada H S - - 1989
A prospective, random selection, double-blind clinical trial was carried out to determine the efficacy of indomethacin in preventing periventricular-intraventricular hemorrhage (PV-IVH). Babies who were born in our institution, had birth weights less than or equal to 1500 gm, and had no PV-IVH or grade 1 PV-IVH were given either placebo ...
Bittar N - - 1989
Although conventional treatment of angina pectoris with nifedipine capsules involves frequent daily dosing, a new vehicle for the once-daily delivery of this potent but insoluble calcium channel blocking agent has been developed. With the gastrointestinal therapeutic system (GITS) formulation, constant effective drug levels of nifedipine are delivered for a full ...
Robinson K - - 1989
Twelve patients (10 men and 2 women), mean age 60.6 years (range 50 to 75), with stable angina pectoris were administered propranolol until beta blockade was evident. Treadmill exercise testing was performed, 24-hour ambulatory electrocardiograms were recorded, and serum propranolol levels were assessed at 1 and 2 hours after dosing ...
Liao J Z - - 1989
The purpose of the present work was to evaluate the clinical efficacy and the mechanism of Yi-qi Huo-xue Injection (YHI) in treatment of coronary heart disease. YHI consists of Ginseng, Astragalus and Angelicae Sinensis. The 10% dextrose serves as a placebo. The results were as follows: 1. the frequency and ...
Bouckaert J - - 1989
The effects of diltiazem and atenolol on exercise performance were studied in 9 healthy and physically fit volunteers according to a double-blind cross-over design. All subjects performed, with an interval of 1 week, 3 exercise tests on a treadmill with stepwise increase of the workload until exhaustion. Two hours prior ...
Svendsen J H - - 1989
Twenty-four patients with severe stable angina pectoris were included in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over study to assess the efficacy of a controlled-release preparation of isosorbide-5-mononitrate (ISMN-CR) 60 mg once daily or twice daily as adjunctive treatment to a beta blocker. In bicycle ergometer exercise tests performed 4 h after ...
Gibelli G - - 1989
The efficacy of transdermal nitroglycerin patches, releasing 20 mg of active substance over a period of 24 h (TDN 20), was investigated in 10 patients with stable exercise-induced angina pectoris. The study was divided into 3 periods: the first part was an acute, within-patient, crossover, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, in which ...
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