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Montero David D Applied Biology Department, Institute of Bioengineering, Miguel Hernandez University, Elche, Spain; Department of Internal Medicine, Maastricht University Medical Centre and Cardiovascular Research Institute Maastricht, Maastricht, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Debate concerning aerobic exercise decreasing arterial stiffness in pre- and hypertensive individuals still exists. We sought to systematically review and quantify the effect of aerobic exercise training on arterial stiffness in pre- and hypertensive subjects. MEDLINE, Cochrane, Scopus and Web of Science were searched up until August 2013 for trials ...
Tajra Vitor V Graduation Program on Physical Education, Catholic University of Brasilia, Brasilia, - - 2014
The purpose of the present study was to compare the effects of resistance exercise (RE) leading to failure versus not to failure on 24-h blood pressure (BP) and rate-pressure product (RPP) responses in normotensive and hypertensive trained elderly women. Seven normotensive women and seven women with medically documented hypertension randomly ...
Lee Ji-Hyun JH Applied Kinesiology and Ergonomic Technology Laboratory, Department of Physical Therapy, The Graduate School, Yonsei University, South Korea. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to establish the effects of different hip rotations during isometric side-lying hip abduction (SHA) in subjects with gluteus medius (Gmed) weakness by investigating the electromyographic (EMG) amplitude of the Gmed, tensor fasciae latae (TFL) activity, and gluteus maximus (Gmax), and the activity ratio of ...
Guimaraes Guilherme Veiga GV Heart Institute, Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Regular exercise is an effective intervention to decrease blood pressure (BP) in hypertension, but no data are available concerning the effects of heated water-based exercise (HEx). This study examines the effects of HEx on BP in resistant hypertensive patients. This is a parallel, randomized controlled trial. 125 nonconsecutive sedentary patients ...
Salvador Emanuel P EP Health Sicence Department, Cruzeiro do Sul University, Sao Paulo, Brazil. - - 2014
Regular physical activity practice has been widely recommended for promoting health, but the physical activity levels remain low in the population. Therefore, the study of interventions to promote physical activity is essential. Objective: To present the methodology of two physical activity interventions from the "Ambiente Ativo" ("Active Environment") project. 12-month ...
Jackson T T Key Laboratory of Personality and Cognition, Faculty of Psychological Science, Southwest University, Chongqing - - 2013
Objective:Neuroimaging studies have documented differences in neural responses to food cues in obese versus lean samples but little is known about weight status differences in responsiveness to other key features of obesogenic environments, particularly cues reflecting physical activity. To address this gap, patterns of activation related to visual depictions of ...
Barnett Inka - - 2013
Physical activity patterns have been shown to change significantly across the transition to retirement. As most older adults approach retirement as part of a couple, a better understanding of how spousal pairs influence each other's physical activity behaviour in retirement may help inform more effective interventions to promote physical activity ...
Guimarães Guilherme V - - 2013
High blood pressure (BP) increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases, and its control is a clinical challenge. Regular exercise lowers BP in patients with mild-to-moderate hypertension. No data are available on the effects of heated water-based exercise in hypertensive patients. Our objective was to evaluate the effects of heated water-based ...
Jose Kim A KA Menzies Research Institute Tasmania, University of Tasmania, Private Bag 23, Hobart, Tas. 7000, - - 2013
Issues addressed Physical activity recommendations for adults worldwide advise participation in moderate-intensity physical activity, such as walking, on most days of the week. Younger adults report the lowest prevalence of walking. This mixed-methods study explores the salience of Australia's activity recommendations around moderate-intensity physical activity, particularly walking, for young Australian ...
Freene Nicole N Faculty of Health, University of Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2013
To compare self-reported physical activity recorded in physical activity diaries or the Active Australia Survey with objectively measured physical activity using accelerometry in sedentary middle-aged adults completing two physical activity interventions. Cross-sectional study. Sedentary 50-65 year olds were recruited to a non-randomized 6-month community group exercise program (G) or a ...
Guimarães Guilherme V - - 2013
High blood pressure (BP) increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases, and its control is a clinical challenge. Regular exercise lowers BP in patients with mild-to-moderate hypertension. No data are available on the effects of heated water-based exercise in hypertensive patients. Our objective was to evaluate the effects of heated water-based ...
Arca Eduardo Aguilar - - 2013
The evidence of the benefits from regular physical activity to hypertensives is based on dry land training studies. Therefore, the aim of this study is to compare the effect of aquatic exercise with dry land training on hypertensive women. This is a randomized controlled study with 52 post-menopausal hypertensive women. ...
Sala-Mercado Javier A JA Department of Physiology and The Cardiovascular Research Institute, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, - - 2013
Sympathoactivation may be excessive during exercise in subjects with hypertension, leading to increased susceptibility to adverse cardiovascular events, including arrhythmias, infarction, stroke, and sudden cardiac death. The muscle metaboreflex is a powerful cardiovascular reflex capable of eliciting marked increases in sympathetic activity during exercise. We used conscious, chronically instrumented dogs ...
Xing Wenjuan - - 2013
Exercise training lowers blood pressure and is a recommended nonpharmacological strategy and useful adjunctive therapy for hypertensive patients. Studies demonstrate that physical activity attenuates progression of hypertension. However, underlying mechanisms remain elusive. Vascular insulin resistance and endothelial dysfunction plays a critical role in the development of hypertension. The present study ...
Agostoni Piergiuseppe - - 2013
During exercise, ventilation for a given work rate is increased in pulmonary hypertension. In the present editorial a new look at the ventilatory behaviour, which may change the common approach to VE/VCO2 relationship analysis, is presented.
Conti A A - - 2013
Regular physical activity exerts a comprehensive beneficial effect on the human vascular system. The benefits provided by physical activity are both direct and indirect. Direct protective actions of aerobic exercise are identifiable on vascular structures and functions, since regular physical activity guarantees the integrity of the endothelial function, promotes the ...
Hornyak Victoria - - 2013
Fear of falling (FOF) relates to participation in exercise, and FOF is related to reported physical function, but the association between FOF and total amount of daily activity performed by older adults has not been examined. To describe the associations between FOF and total daily activity in older adults. Cross-sectional ...
Lindelöf N - - 2013
The purpose of the study was to evaluate how older people, dependent in ADL perceive their participation in a high-intensity, functional exercise program compared to the perceptions of those participating in a control activity. Forty-eight older people living in residential care facilities answered a questionnaire about their perceptions of participating ...
Akilli Hakan - - 2013
Abstract Aim: Although exaggerated blood pressure responses (EBPR) to exercise have been related to future hypertension and masked hypertension (MHT), the relationship between exercise capacity and MHT remains unclear. A sedentary life style has been related to increased cardiovascular mortality, diabetes mellitus (DM), and hypertension. In this study, we aimed ...
Garg Rinku - - 2013
Background: A familial history of hypertension increases the risk of hypertension in the offsprings. Aims and objectives: The present study was undertaken to assess the underlying hypertension by using the Isometric Handgrip (IHG) exercise test in the offsprings of hypertensive parents and to compare it with age-matched controls of normotensive ...
Armstrong Hilary F - - 2013
Background: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is common in interstitial lung disease (ILD). Since cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) is useful in understanding the pathophysiology of respiratory disorders and can distinguish between ventilation and perfusion (V/Q) defects, it may have a role in the detection of PH in ILD. We evaluated whether CPET ...
Babu Abraham Samuel - - 2013
Exercise based rehabilitation for patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a new treatment option for these patients to improve their functional capacity and quality of life. Despite the benefits seen in cardiopulmonary rehabilitation in various other conditions, it has been underutilized for the patients with PAH. A review of ...
Ash Garrett I - - 2013
Hypertension is a major global public health problem, resulting in over 7.6 million deaths per year (13.5% of the total), more than any other cardiovascular disease risk factor. Exercise decreases blood pressure (BP) 5-7 mmHg among those with hypertension. Thus, the American College of Sports Medicine recommends the exercise prescription ...
Schultz R L - - 2013
The Spontaneously Hypertensive Heart Failure (SHHF) rat mimics the human progression of hypertension from hypertrophy to heart failure. However, it is unknown whether SHHF animals can exercise at sufficient levels to observe beneficial biochemical adaptations in skeletal muscle. Thirty-seven female SHHF and Wistar-Furth (WF) rats were randomized to sedentary (SHHFsed ...
Maruf Fatai A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The Effects of Aerobic Exercise Training (AET) on self-reported Quality of Life (QoL) in people with hypertension have been previously documented. However, data on black populations, especially from Africa, seem not to be available. This study investigated the effects of AET on QoL and exercise capacity in Nigerians on ...
Rodgers Wendy M - - 2013
Techniques to increase physical activity among pulmonary rehabilitation patients outside of the rehabilitation context are warranted. Implementation intentions are a strategy used to initiate goal-directed behaviour, and have been found to be useful in other populations. This study compared the long-term effects of exercise and social implementation intentions interventions on ...
Baschung Pfister Pierrette - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Inactive individuals face motivational obstacles for becoming and remaining physically active. Therefore, sustainable physical activity promotion programmes tailored to reach inactive individuals are needed. The aim of this study was to test the role of motivation and the effect and feasibility of a training programme. METHODS: We enrolled physically ...
Cardoso Andréia Machado - - 2013
BACKGROUNDCholinergic enzyme activities are altered in hypertension, reflecting a low-grade inflammation. Regular physical exercise exerts anti-inflammatory effects and has been described as a coadjutant in the treatment of hypertension. In this study, we investigated the effect of 6 weeks of swimming training on cholinergic enzyme activities (acetylcholinesterase and butyrylcholinesterase) in ...
Hare James L - - 2013
BACKGROUNDAlthough a hypertensive response to exercise (HRE) is associated with cardiac risk and masked hypertension (MHT), its mechanisms and appropriate treatment remain unclear. We investigated spironolactone as a treatment for abnormal vascular and myocardial stiffness in HRE.METHODSIn this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of 115 patients (54±9 years, 57% men) with ...
Wickerson Lisa - - 2013
PURPOSE:: Little is known about physical activity in individuals with interstitial lung disease (ILD). The objectives of this study were (1) to objectively measure physical activity in lung transplant candidates with ILD, (2) to compare levels of physical activity on rehabilitation and nonrehabilitation days, and (3) to explore the relationships ...
Kontsas Konstantinos - - 2013
Background: Cardiopulmonary fitness is associated with reduced cardiovascular risk. Abnormal systolic blood pressure (SBP) response during recovery has been found to have diagnostic role for detecting cardiovascular risk. Aim of the study was to determine whether increased arterial stiffness associates with reduced aerobic exercise capacity after maximal cardiopulmonary exercise test ...
Attinà Teresa M - - 2013
BACKGROUND Established hypertension is associated with abnormal exercise hemodynamics and reduced exercise capacity through mechanisms that may include contributions from arterial stiffness and endothelial vasomotor dysfunction. Phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitors prolong nitric oxide-mediated cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) signaling in vascular smooth muscle, and have beneficial effects on exercise tolerance ...
Gabrys Lars - - 2013
Unemployment is associated with health risks. Physical activity produces health benefits. This study examined the effects of a physical activity counseling and exercise referral scheme on physical-activity behavior in long-term unemployed individuals. In this study, 51 long-term unemployed persons received physical-activity counseling and exercise referral. Further, 21 unemployed and 17 ...
Gläser Sven - - 2013
Exercise capacity and survival of patients with IPF is potentially impaired by pulmonary hypertension. This study aims to investigate diagnostic and prognostic properties of gas exchange during exercise and lung function in IPF patients with or without pulmonary hypertension. In a multicentre setting, patients with IPF underwent right heart catheterization, ...
Troosters Thierry - - 2013
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a debilitating disease affecting patients in daily life, both physically and emotionally. Symptoms such as dyspnea and muscle fatigue, lead to exercise intolerance, which, together with behavioral issues, trigger physical inactivity, a key feature of COPD. Physical inactivity is associated with adverse clinical outcomes, ...
Yoon Jin-Ho JH Institute of Sports Medicine and Science, Korea National Sport University, Seoul, - - 2013
In Korea, hypertension has become more prevalent with the Westernization of Korean diets and lack of exercise. This study aimed at investigating the associations between physical fitness variables and hypertension status in Korean women. The subjects were 9,216 women aged >20 years who visited a public health promotion center for ...
Thompson Dylan D Department for Health, University of Bath, Bath, United Kingdom. - - 2013
Recently, there has been some discussion of whether it is possible to score highly in one dimension of physical activity behaviour (e.g., moderate intensity exercise) whilst also scoring poorly in another (e.g., sedentary time). Interestingly, direct empirical observations to support these proposals are lacking. New technologies now enable the capture ...
Leiba Adi - - 2013
Different studies have yielded conflicting results regarding the association of hypertensive response to exercise and cardiovascular morbidity. We compared two different definitions of exaggerated hypertensive response to exercise and their association with cardio-respiratory fitness in a population of healthy firefighters. We examined blood pressure response to exercise in 720 normotensive ...
Scanlan Aaron T - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Although active gaming is popular and can increase energy expenditure in young adults, its efficacy as a prescriptive exercise tool is not well understood. This study aimed to: (1) compare the activity intensities experienced by young adults while playing active tennis gaming with conventional sedentary gaming, tennis game-play and ...
Schroll Stephan - - 2012
Vardenafil, a Phosphodiesterase-5 Inhibitor, is approved for the therapy of erectile dysfunction; however, in contrast to Sildenafil and Tadalafil, little is known about its effects on pulmonary hypertension. Four weeks after monocrotaline-administration rats exhibited a significant increase in right ventricular pressure (RVSP, 94mmHg vs. 25mmHg; p=0.001) right ventricular weight (right ...
Sapienza A - - 2012
The aim of this study was to quantify the amount of tendon excursion and load experienced during simulated active and passive rehabilitation exercises. Six cadaver specimens were utilized to examine tendon excursion and load. Lateral fluoroscopic images were used to measure the excursions of metal markers placed in the flexor ...
Lo Hui-Ming - - 2012
This two-group pretest and posttest quasi-experimental study aimed to evaluate the effects of a Tai Chi exercise programme on exercise behaviour and blood pressure (BP) in outpatients with hypertension. The experimental group (n = 27) received the Yang-style Tai Chi exercise programme three times a week for 8 weeks. The control group ...
Selkowitz David M - - 2012
STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study, repeated measures design. OBJECTIVES: To compare hip abductor muscle activity during selected exercises using fine-wire electromyography (EMG), and determine which exercises are best for activating gluteus medius and the superior portion of gluteus maximus while minimizing activity of tensor fascia lata (TFL). BACKGROUND: Abnormal hip ...
Waki Hidefumi - - 2012
The nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) controls the cardiovascular system during exercise, and alteration of its function may underlie exercise-induced cardiovascular adaptation. To understand the molecular basis of the NTS's plasticity in regulating blood pressure (BP) and its potential contribution to the anti-hypertensive effects, we characterized the gene expression profiles at ...
Parmar Simrat - - 2012
Two case reports involving the increasingly popular activity of "spinning" underscore the need for proper conditioning and adequate hydration before exercising strenuously.
Bocelli Arianna - - 2012
Controversial data exist about the long-term results of aortic coarctation (AC) repair. This study explored the prevalence and predictors of left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy, late hypertension, and hypertensive response to exercise in 48 subjects (age, 15.1 ± 9.7 years) currently followed in the authors' tertiary care hospital after successful AC repair. Data on ...
Guerrero François - - 2012
We examined whether the improvement of impaired NO-dependent vasorelaxation by exercise training could be mediated through a BH(4)-dependent mechanism. Male spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR, n = 20) and Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY, n = 20) were trained (Tr) for 9 weeks on a treadmill and compared to age-matched sedentary animals (Sed). Endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation (EDV) was assessed ...
Pugh David - - 2012
Regular physical activity of moderate intensity can bring about major health benefits as well as significant cost savings for the NHS. Evidence suggests that regular exercise can produce up to a 30% reduction in all cause mortality with a 35% lower risk of cardiovascular disease, coronary heart disease and stroke. ...
Hepler Justin - - 2012
Although exercise is recognized as a powerful tool to combat obesity, remarkably few US adults pursue adequate amounts of exercise, with one major impediment being a lack of motivation for active behaviors. Recent empirical work has demonstrated that behavior can be guided by goals to be generally active or inactive. ...
Kishi T - - 2012
One of the important organ damage of hypertension is cognitive decline. Cognitive function is determined by the function of hippocampus, and previous studies have suggested that the decrease in brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in the hippocampus causes cognitive decline. Protection against cognitive decline is reported not only in pharmacological therapy ...
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