Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 812
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Radak, Zsolt
Thesis (Ph.D. in Health and Sport Sciences)--University of Tsukuba, (A), no. 1583, 1996.3.25
Allison Jeremy D - - 2007
The sex pheromone of the almond moth, Cadra cautella, is a blend of (Z,E)-9,12-tetradecadienyl acetate (Z9,E12-14:Ac, the major component capable of inducing attraction alone) and (Z)-9-tetradecenyl acetate (Z9-14:Ac, the minor component, which is unattractive alone but augments attraction of the major component). In this study, the ratio of the two ...
Pichler J - - 2008
AIM: Acute mountain sickness (AMS) can result in pulmonary and cerebral oedema with overperfusion of microvascular beds, elevated hydrostatic capillary pressure, capillary leakage and consequent oedema as pathogenetic mechanisms. Data on changes in glomerular filtration rate (GFR) at altitudes above 5000 m are very limited. METHODS: Thirty-four healthy mountaineers, who ...
Collier D J - - 2008
This study examines the potential for a ventilatory drive, independent of mean PCO2, but depending instead on changes in PCO2 that occur during the respiratory cycle. This responsiveness is referred to here as "dynamic ventilatory sensitivity." The normal, spontaneous, respiratory oscillations in alveolar PCO2 have been modified with inspiratory pulses ...
Lundby Carsten - - 2008
To test the hypothesis that the increased sympathetic tonus elicited by chronic hypoxia is needed to match O(2) delivery with O(2) demand at the microvascular level eight male subjects were investigated at 4559 m altitude during maximal exercise with and without infusion of ATP (80 mug (kg body mass)(-1) min(-1)) ...
Brothers Michael D - - 2007
PURPOSE: This study examined the effects of gender on graded exercise stress test (GXT) response in moderate-altitude (MA)-acclimatized cyclists during sea-level (SL) simulation. It was hypothesized that alterations in arterial saturation would relate to changes in VO2peak. METHODS: Twenty competitive cyclists (12 males, 8 females) who were residents of MA ...
Clark Sally A - - 2007
Athletes regularly compete at 2,000-3,000 m altitude where peak oxygen consumption (VO2peak) declines approximately 10-20%. Factors other than VO2peak including gross efficiency (GE), power output, and pacing are all important for cycling performance. It is therefore imperative to understand how all these factors and not just VO2peak are affected by ...
Chappell Mark A - - 2007
Aerobic physiology at high altitudes has been studied in many animals. Prior work on laboratory-bred deer mice (a species with a wide altitudinal range) showed depression of aerobic capacity at high altitude, even after acclimation. However, wild deer mice show no reduction in thermogenic performance at high altitude, and performance ...
Muza Stephen R - - 2007
Rapid deployment of unacclimatized soldiers to high mountainous environments causes debilitating effects on operational capabilities (physical work performance), and force health (altitude sickness). Most of these altitude-induced debilitations can be prevented or ameliorated by a wide range of physiological responses collectively referred to as altitude acclimatization. Acclimatization to a target ...
Wilbur Randall L - - 2007
"Live high-train low" (LH+TL) altitude training allows athletes to "live high" for the purpose of facilitating altitude acclimatization, as characterized by a significant and sustained increase in endogenous erythropoietin and subsequent increase in erythrocyte volume, while simultaneously enabling them to "train low" for the purpose of replicating sea-level training intensity ...
Faoro Vitalie - - 2007
Aerobic exercise capacity is decreased at altitude because of combined decreases in arterial oxygenation and in cardiac output. Hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction could limit cardiac output in hypoxia. We tested the hypothesis that acetazolamide could improve exercise capacity at altitude by an increased arterial oxygenation and an inhibition of hypoxic pulmonary ...
Pichel William G - - 2007
Floating marine debris, particularly derelict fishing gear, is a hazard to fish, marine mammals, turtles, sea birds, coral reefs, and even human activities. To ameliorate the economic and environmental impact of marine debris, we need to efficiently locate and retrieve dangerous debris at sea. Guided by satellite-derived information, we made ...
Lundby C - - 2007
For more than 60 years, muscle mechanical efficiency has been thought to remain unchanged with acclimatization to high altitude. However, recent work has suggested that muscle mechanical efficiency may in fact be improved upon return from prolonged exposure to high altitude. The purpose of the present work is to resolve ...
Mourthé Italo M C - - 2007
Many arboreal primates descend to the ground, a custom that may occur more frequently in disturbed habitats, and in the presence of researchers to whom the primates are habituated. In this paper, we describe opportunistic observations of ground use in two groups of northern muriquis (Brachyteles hypoxanthus) at the RPPN ...
Mollard Pascal - - 2007
The factors determining maximal oxygen consumption were explored in eight endurance trained subjects (TS) and eight untrained subjects (US) exposed to moderate acute normobaric hypoxia. Subjects performed maximal incremental tests at sea level and simulated altitudes (1,000, 2,500, 4,500 m). Heart rate (HR), stroke volume (SV), cardiac output (.Q), arterialized ...
Brugniaux Julien V - - 2007
The regulation of cerebral blood flow (CBF) is a complex process that is altered significantly with altitude exposure. Acute exposure produces a marked increase in CBF, in proportion to the severity of the hypoxia and mitigated by hyperventilation-induced hypocapnia when CO(2) is uncontrolled. A number of mediators contribute to the ...
Feriche Belén - - 2007
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of acute moderate hypoxia and rest duration on performance and on the accumulated oxygen deficit (AOD) in high-intensity intermittent efforts. After preliminary tests, 2 groups of nonacclimatized men (resident at 690 m above sea level) carried out 3 randomized protocols ...
Follett Peter A - - 2007
Quarantine measures including treatments are applied to exported fruit and vegetable commodities to control regulatory fruit fly pests and to reduce the likelihood of their introduction into new areas. Nonhost status can be an effective measure used to achieve quarantine security. As with quarantine treatments, nonhost status can stand alone ...
Dencker Magnus - - 2008
We present a case of Ebstein's anomaly revealed by symptoms occurring at high altitude. A 63 year old male with no previous symptoms of cardiovascular disease developed acute severe shortness of breath when walking up a flight of stairs at an altitude of 2500 m. Echocardiography showed apical displacement of ...
Shepherd Andrew - - 2007
After a century of polar exploration, the past decade of satellite measurements has painted an altogether new picture of how Earth's ice sheets are changing. As global temperatures have risen, so have rates of snowfall, ice melting, and glacier flow. Although the balance between these opposing processes has varied considerably ...
Brutsaert Tom D - - 2007
Highland natives show unique breathing patterns and ventilatory responses at altitude, both at rest and during exercise. For many ventilatory traits, there is also significant variation between highland native groups, including indigenous populations in the Andes and Himalaya, and more recent altitude arrivals in places like Colorado. This review summarizes ...
Schuler B - - 2007
This study tested the hypothesis that maximal oxygen uptake (VO(2max)) and performance increase upon altitude acclimatization at moderate altitude. Eight elite cyclists were studied at sea level, and after 1 (Day 1), 7 (Day 7), 14 (Day 14) and 21 (Day 21) days of exposure to 2340 m. Capillary blood ...
Franić Zdenko - - 2007
Systematic investigations of (137)Cs and (134)Cs activity concentrations in potatoes (Solanum tuberosum) for the post-Chernobyl period (1986-2005) in the Republic of Croatia are summarized. The correlation between (137)Cs activity concentrations in fallout and potatoes, has been found to be very good, the correlation coefficient being r = 0.88 with P(t) ...
Hsia Connie C W - - 2007
Mammals native to high altitude (HA) exhibit larger lung volumes than their lowland counterparts. To test the hypothesis that adaptation induced by HA residence during somatic maturation improves pulmonary gas exchange in adulthood, male foxhounds born at sea level (SL) were raised at HA (3,800 m) from 2.5 to 7.5 ...
Wolff Christopher B - - 2007
Oxygen delivery (DO2) calculated from cardiac output, haematocrit (Hct) and arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2), has been obtained on six subjects at sea level (London) and after slow ascent to 5000 meters (Chamlang base camp) at rest and during mild exercise (25 watts and 50 watts). Haematocrit was increased in all ...
Florin Ann-Britt - - 2007
We found low, albeit significant, genetic differentiation among turbot (Psetta maxima) in the Baltic Sea but in contrast to earlier findings we found no evidence of isolation by distance. In fact temporal variation among years in one locality exceeded spatial variation among localities. This is an unexpected result since adult ...
Yusop Z - - 2007
Rainfall-runoff processes in a small oil palm catchment (8.2 ha) in Johor, Malaysia were examined. Storm hydrographs show rapid responses to rainfall with a short time to peak. The estimated initial hydrologic loss for the oil palm catchment is 5 mm. Despite the low initial loss, the catchment exhibits a ...
Chapman Robert - - 2007
For nearly 40 years, scientists and elite endurance athletes have been investigating the use of altitude in an effort to enhance exercise performance. While the results of many early studies on the use of altitude training for sea level performance enhancement have produced equivocal results, newer studies using the 'live ...
Cristancho Edgar - - 2007
Because of lacking ventilatory stimulation by sex hormones in postmenopausal women (PW), one might expect a lowered arterial oxygen saturation (S(O(2))) in hypoxia and therefore a stronger erythropoietic reaction than in young women (YW). Nine untrained (UTRPW) and 11 trained (TRPW) postmenopausal altitude residents (2600 m) were compared to 16 ...
Coste Olivier - - 2007
Long-distance flights can cause a number of clinical problems in both passengers and crewmembers. Jet lag as well as mild hypoxia resulting from incomplete cabin pressurization could contribute to these problems. The objective of this study was to assess, using a chronobiological approach, the clinical impact of diurnal hypobaric, hypoxic ...
Siegler Jason C - - 2007
The purpose of this case study was to profile maximal exercise and the incidence of exercise-induced arterial hypoxemia (EIAH) at three different altitudes within a group of competitive cyclists residing and training at 1,500 m. Ten male cyclists (category I or II professional road cyclists: ages, 27.7 +/- 6.1; weight, ...
Prommer Nicole - - 2007
Long-term intermittent hypoxia, characterized by several days or weeks at altitude with periodic stays at sea level, is a frequently occurring pattern of life in mountainous countries demanding a good state of physical performance. The aim of the study was to determine the effects of a typical South American type ...
Wolff Christopher B - - 2007
The ratio of oxygenated to total haemoglobin (Hb), or rSO2, obtained by near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), includes both arterial and venous blood of the region examined. The relationship of arterial oxygen extraction, E, and saturation, SaO2, to rSO2 can be expressed, for normally functioning tissue, as E = 1.39 (1 ...
Trentini P - - 2007
The aim of this study is to determine the qualitative and quantitative changes of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) that occur in the Gingival Crevicular Fluid (GCF) in hypobaric-hypoxic conditions (high altitude). Hypoxia affects systemic adaptation responses in different organs. We examined 17 Caucasians subjects, of whom 13 were mountain climbers (1 ...
Verratti Vittore - - 2007
The aim of the present study was to identify the effects of physical exercise on PSA serum levels and the diagnostic validity of PSA in the screening of prostate cancer in subjects undergoing physical exercise during chronic hypoxia. The study was performed during trekking between 3,200 and 5,600 meters of ...
Alquezar Ralph - - 2007
Semaphore crabs (Heloecius cordiformis), soldier crabs (Mictyris platycheles), ghost shrimps (Trypaea australiensis), pygmy mussels (Xenostrobus securis), and polychaetes (Eunice sp.), key benthic prey items of predatory fish commonly found in estuaries throughout southeastern Australia, were exposed to dissolved (109)Cd and (75)Se for 385 h at 30 k Bq/l (uptake phase), ...
Denberg Thomas D - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the variability in the volume of radical retropubic prostatectomy (RP) performed by urologists in the USA, and the physician characteristics that predict RP volume, as previous studies showed that individual surgeon volume for RP is associated with clinical outcomes. METHODS: In a nationwide, representative survey of 2000 ...
Gill Jennifer A - - 2006
Bleaching of corals as a result of elevated sea surface temperatures (SST) is rapidly becoming a primary source of stress for reefs globally; the scale and extent of this threat will depend on how the drivers of SST interact to influence bleaching patterns. We demonstrate how the opposing forces of ...
Mason Nicholas P - - 2007
Cough is a troublesome condition which affects many visitors to high altitude. Traditionally it has been attributed to the inspiration of the cold, dry air which characterizes the high altitude environment. This aetiology was brought into question by observations and experiments in long duration hypobaric chamber studies in which cough ...
Minetti Alberto E - - 2006
Carrying heavy loads in the Himalayan region is a real challenge. Porters face extreme ranges in terrain condition, path steepness, altitude hypoxia and climate for 6-8h a day, many months a year, since they were boys. It has been previously shown that, when carrying loads on level terrain, porters' metabolic ...
Wright Alex D - - 2006
Medicine at high altitude provides important insights into the acute and chronic effects of hypoxia. Acute mountain sickness (AMS) is a common syndrome occurring after acute ascent to over 2,500 m and is caused by increased capillary permeability. A number of factors have been identified that increase the risk of ...
Fasano V - - 2007
It was the aim of the study to assess the maximal pressure generated by the inspiratory muscles (MIP) during exposure to different levels of altitude (i.e., hypobaric hypoxia). Eight lowlanders (2 females and 6 males), aged 27 - 46 years, participated in the study. After being evaluated at sea level, ...
Gustafson L - - 2006
The efficacy of emamectin benzoate (SLICE) against sea lice infestations of Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., is typically assessed using untreated fish, or fish treated with alternative therapeutants, as controls. The State of Maine, USA, is currently under active management for the OIE-notifiable pathogen, infectious salmon anaemia virus (ISAV); consequently, ...
Rameckers Holger - - 2007
The effects of the instrumentation by a mouthpiece (MP) and a noseclip (NC) on the ventilatory response to short time hypobaric hypoxia were studied in 10 healthy volunteers at rest. The subjects were exposed to simulated altitude of 500 m, 3000 m, 4000 m and again 500 m, each altitude ...
Zubieta-Castillo G G - - 2006
Chronic mountain sickness (CMS) is a condition in which hematocrit is increased above the normal level in residents at high altitude. In this article we take issue with the "Consensus Statement On Chronic And Subacute High Altitude Diseases" of 2005 on two essential points: using a questionnaire to evaluate the ...
Senn Oliver - - 2006
PURPOSE: Ascent to high altitude is associated with alterations in lung function. The mechanisms of these changes and whether they reflect early stages of high-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) has been debated. Therefore, we investigated the time course of pulmonary function in relation to hemodynamics and clinical symptoms in mountaineers ascending ...
Schnitzbauer A A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Mini-incision donor nephrectomies (MIDNs) were established during the last decade, as an alternative to traditional open donor nephrectomy (ODN) via flank incision. In this study, we investigated intra-operative and post-operative data on outcome following MIDN in comparison with ODN data. METHODS: Data of 70 living kidney donations, performed at ...
Subudhi Andrew W - - 2006
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of prolonged hypoxia and antioxidant supplementation on ventilatory threshold (VT) during high-altitude (HA) exposure (4300 m). METHODS: Sixteen physically fit males (25 +/- 5 yr; 77.8 +/- 8.5 kg) performed an incremental test to maximal exertion on a cycle ergometer at sea level (SL). Subjects ...
Burtscher M - - 2006
Aerobic exercise performance decreases upon ascent to altitude whereas anaerobic performance remains unchanged. Although the effects of 1 - 3 wk of altitude acclimatization on both aerobic and anaerobic exercise performance have been well studied, the effects of short-term altitude acclimatization (i.e., 45 h) on these parameters have not been ...
Beidleman Beth A - - 2006
Recent studies have demonstrated that brief daily IAE (intermittent altitude exposure) was equally as effective as continuous altitude residence in inducing physiological adaptations consistent with altitude acclimatization. Although the positive benefits of IAE have been clearly defined, the potential negative consequences of IAE on health, specifically the immune system, remain ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >