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Scrivener Katharine K Bankstown-Lidcombe Hospital, Sydney, Australia. - - 2012
To describe the dose of lower limb exercise completed during admission to a stroke unit, establish predictors of dose and explore the relationship between dose and walking outcomes. Inception cohort study. Two hundred consecutively-admitted people with stroke. Repetitions of exercise completed throughout the admission were tallied. Possible predictors of exercise ...
Hawkins Brent L - - 2012
Individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID) have an increased risk of obesity and are significantly less likely to engage in physical activity compared to their nondisabled peers. A growing body of research supports the physical and mental health benefits of yoga. While the benefits of yoga have been studied across a ...
Roos Margaret A - - 2012
People with stroke have reduced walking activity. It is not known whether this deficit is due to a reduction in all aspects of walking activity or only in specific areas. Understanding specific walking activity deficits is necessary for the development of interventions that maximize improvements in activity after stroke. The ...
Verhagen Arianne P - - 2012
This is a best-evidence synthesis providing an evidence-based summary on the effectiveness of aquatic exercises and balneotherapy in the treatment of musculoskeletal conditions. The most prevalent musculoskeletal conditions addressed in this review include: low back pain, osteoarthritis, fibromyalgia and rheumatoid arthritis. Over 30 years of research demonstrates that exercises in ...
Vis J C - - 2012
Physical fitness is reduced in adults with Down syndrome (DS). The present study was conducted to elucidate the exercise response in adults with DS. Case controlled before-after trial. Residential centre for people with intellectual disabilities. 96 Adults with DS, 25 non-DS adults with an intellectual disability, 33 controls. Echocardiography to ...
Dunn Dana S - - 2012
Objective: Two studies revisit a sensitivity exercise designed to heighten awareness of the social psychology of disability. The "mine/thine problem" (Wright, 1975) is an imagination exercise where one's own (self-defined) disability is paired with a different disability. Participants imagine whether they would prefer to retain their disability or to exchange ...
Day Lesley - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To test the effect of tai-chi on the progression of pre-clinical disability to manifest disability, compared with seated flexibility exercise, and to examine whether tai-chi mediates delayed disability by reducing impairments in musculo-skeletal, cardiovascular and neurological systems, and related functional limitations DESIGN: Multi-site parallel group individually-randomised controlled trial SETTING: ...
Stanish Heidi I - - 2012
Background  Peer support is strongly associated with physical activity of adolescents. This study examined the efficacy of a YMCA-based, peer-guided exercise training programme for increasing health-related physical fitness among adolescents with intellectual disabilities. Materials and Methods  Adolescents with intellectual disabilities and typically developing peer partners provided reciprocal support during 1-h ...
Langhammer Birgitta - - 2012
It is argued that all stroke patients, indifferent of disability, have the same possibility to improve with training. The aim of the study was to follow and register functional improvements in two groups with different functional capacities at baseline for a period of 36 months. Stroke patients were recruited and ...
Gallagher Ann - - 2011
General practitioners (GPs) have to negotiate a range of challenges when they suspect child abuse or neglect. This article details findings from a Delphi exercise that was part of a larger study exploring the conflicts of interest that arise for UK GPs in safeguarding children. The specific objectives of the ...
VON Stengel Simon - - 2011
: Whole-body vibration (WBV) is a new nonpharmacological approach to counteract osteoporosis. However, the specific vibration protocol to most effectively reduce osteoporotic risk has not been reported. In the ELVIS II (Erlangen Longitudinal Vibration Study II) trial, we determined the effect of different WBV devices on bone mineral density (BMD) ...
Waugh Esther J - - 2011
The response of bone to exercise in women with anorexia nervosa (AN) is unclear. We investigated the associations between bone mineral density (BMD) and exercise performed while ill and while recovered in women with a history of AN. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 141 women with AN (85 ill; ...
Barry Daniel W - - 2011
Exercise is associated with a decrease in bone mineral density under certain conditions. One potential mechanism is increased bone resorption due to an exercise-induced increase in parathyroid hormone (PTH), possibly triggered by dermal calcium loss. The purpose of this investigation was to determine whether calcium supplementation either before or during ...
Nichols Jeanne F - - 2011
Nichols, JF and Rauh, MJ. Longitudinal changes in bone mineral density in male master cyclists and nonathletes. J Strength Cond Res 25(3): 727-734, 2011-This study tracked changes in bone mineral density (BMD) over a 7-year period in competitive male master cyclists (n = 19) and nonathletes (n = 18). Participants ...
Loehr James A - - 2011
Resistance exercise has been used as a means to prevent the musculoskeletal losses associated with spaceflight. Therefore, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration designed the Advanced Resistive Exercise Device (ARED) to replace the initial device flown on the International Space Station. The ARED uses vacuum cylinders and inertial flywheels to ...
Reutter Dennis - - 2010
A forensic capability to help identify perpetrators and exclude innocent people should be an integral part of a strategy against terrorist attacks. Exercises have been conducted to increase our preparedness and response capabilities to chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) terrorist attacks. However, incorporating forensic components into these exercises has ...
Leite R D - - 2010
The increase in lifespan and in the proportion of elderly women has increased the focus on menopause induced physiological alterations. These modifications are associated with the elevated risk of several pathologies such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, non-alcoholic fat liver disease, among others. Because of estrogen levels decline, ...
Swift J M - - 2010
This study sought to elucidate the effects of a low- and high-load jump resistance exercise (RE) training protocol on cancellous bone of the proximal tibia metaphysis (PTM) and femoral neck (FN). Sprague-Dawley rats (male, 6 mo old) were randomly assigned to high-load RE (HRE; n = 16), low-load RE (LRE; ...
Yoo Eun Jung - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a 3-month walking exercise program with ankle weights on fall-related fitness, bone metabolism, and fall-related psychological factors. Fall-related fitness was determined from strength, balance, agility, aerobic endurance, muscle mass, and fat mass measures. Bone metabolism was measured using bone ...
Korpelainen Raija - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Long-term evidence from randomized trials of the effectiveness of exercise in preventing disability and fall-related fractures in elderly people has been lacking. METHODS: We performed extended follow-up of 160 women (aged 70-73 years at baseline) with osteopenia in a population-based, randomized, controlled exercise trial. The trial was conducted from ...
Belavý D L - - 2011
The addition of whole-body vibration to high-load resistive exercise may provide a better stimulus for the reduction of bone loss during prolonged bed rest (spaceflight simulation) than high-load resistive exercise alone. Prior work suggests that the addition of whole-body vibration to high-load resistive exercise (RVE) may be more effective in ...
Belavý D L - - 2010
Long-term bed-rest is used to simulate the effect of spaceflight on the human body and test different kinds of countermeasures. The 2nd Berlin BedRest Study (BBR2-2) tested the efficacy of whole-body vibration in addition to high-load resisitance exercise in preventing bone loss during bed-rest. Here we present the protocol of ...
Chen Hsiu-Lin - - 2010
To evaluate whether assisted exercise could prevent the development of osteopenia of prematurity, we performed assisted exercise in the study group of very low birthweight (VLBW) premature infants. Sixteen premature infants with birthweight below 1500 g were enrolled in this study and randomly assigned into the exercise (n = 8) ...
Pierce R A - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to determine if an exercise threshold existed in stimulating an elevation in bone mineral density (BMD), via resistance training, during the growth period in male rats. 27 male rats were randomly divided into Â-Control (Con, n=9), 3 ladder climb resistance trained group (3LC, n=9), ...
Erickson Christina R - - 2010
This study was designed as a proof-of-concept study to assess the osteogenic index (OI) and changes in bone markers during an 8-wk jump training program. On the basis of the OI, jumps were completed in one or two daily sessions with total jumps per day being equal. Seven males served ...
Banfi Giuseppe - - 2010
Bone mass can be viewed as the net product of two counteracting metabolic processes, bone formation and bone resorption, which allow the skeleton to carry out its principal functions: mechanical support of the body, calcium dynamic deposition and haemopoiesis. Besides radiological methods, several blood and urinary molecules have been identified ...
Rosa Brielle V - - 2010
Recent research has revealed a neuroendocrine connection between the skeleton and metabolism. Exercise alters both bone modeling and energy balance and may be useful in further developing our understanding of this complex interplay. However, research in this field requires an animal model of exercise that does not cause a physiological ...
Bebenek Michael - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of periodized exercise training with and without Cimicifuga racemosa (CR) on bone mineral density (BMD) and 10-year coronary heart disease (CHD) risk in early postmenopausal women. METHODS: A total of 128 women were randomly assigned to three subgroups: exercise ...
Scott Jonathan P R - - 2010
CONTEXT: Strenuous exercise increases bone resorption but not formation. The effect of improved training status is unknown. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to examine the metabolic response of bone to strenuous running in recreationally active (RA) and endurance-trained (ET) men. DESIGN: Eleven RA, 10 ET, and 10 control (CON) subjects completed ...
Kohrt Wendy M - - 2010
Prostaglandins (PGs) are essential signaling factors in bone mechanotransduction. In animals, inhibition of the enzyme responsible for PG synthesis (cyclooxygenase) by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) blocks the bone-formation response to loading when administered before, but not immediately after, loading. The aim of this proof-of-concept study was to determine whether the ...
Cavanagh P R - - 2010
Decreased bone mineral density (BMD) in astronauts returning from long-duration spaceflight missions has been well documented, but the altered mechanical loading environment experienced by the musculoskeletal system, which may contribute to these changes, has not been well characterized. The current study describes the loading environment of the lower extremity (LE) ...
Doheny Margaret O - - 2010
This longitudinal study evaluates the effect of bone mineral density screening on calcium intake and daily exercise of 196 healthy men older than 50 years over a period of 1 year. In this randomized clinical trial, the experimental group received personal bone density information via dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). The ...
Ahola Riikka - - 2010
Mechanical loading increases and maintains bone mass and strength. Daily stress stimulus and osteogenic index theories have been suggested to describe the osteogenic potential of exercise, using exponential or logarithmic relationships, respectively, between loading numbers and magnitude. Inspired by these theories, the aim of this study was to develop and ...
Winters-Stone Kerri M - - 2010
Cancer-treatment induced bone loss and associated fracture risk is a growing concern for cancer survivors. Exercise offers a non-pharmacologic strategy for preserving bone health during and after treatment, but only until recently has it been studied for its efficacy and safety in cancer survivors. The purpose of this review is ...
Maïmoun Laurent - - 2011
Physical exercise is recommended to improve bone mass in growing children and decrease bone loss in elderly men and women. However, the specific mechanisms by which exercise influences bone metabolism are still not thoroughly understood. The effect of physical activity on the skeleton is generally evaluated by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry, ...
von Stengel S - - 2011
We determined whether the effect of exercise on bone mineral density (BMD) and falls can be enhanced by whole body vibration (WBV). In summary, the multi-purpose exercise training was effective to increase lumbar BMD but added WBV did not enhance this effect. However, falls were lowest in the exercise program ...
Lespessailles E - - 2010
Exercise (EXE) and amino-bisphosphonates (BP) are both considered as useful strategies in the prevention of post-menopausal bone loss. Exercise reduces lipid levels, and BP may induce increase in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). We hypothesized that combined effects of BP and exercise would produce a better improvement of lipid profile. We ...
Dériaz Olivier - - 2010
The beneficial effect of physical exercise on bone mineral density (BMD) is at least partly explained by the forces exerted directly on the bones. Male runners present generally higher BMD than sedentary individuals. We postulated that the proximal tibia BMD is related to the running distance, as well as to ...
Spiropoulos Antonia - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Exercise in humans augments the mobilization of circulating hematopoietic progenitor cells (CD34(+)) from the bone marrow. We investigated the effect of inflammation on erythroid marrow activity by mobilization of erythroid progenitor cells (EPs) along with soluble markers of erythropoiesis. METHODS: Ten healthy athletes who participated in an ultradistance foot ...
Bailey Christine A - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Exercise can increase bone strength, but to be effective in reducing fracture risk, exercise must be feasible enough to be adopted into daily life and influence potentially vulnerable skeletal sites such as the superolateral cortex of the femoral neck, where thinning is associated with increased fracture risk. Brief, high-impact ...
Tolomio Silvia - - 2010
Exercise is important for the prevention of osteoporosis and the reduction of fracture risk because it improves muscle mass and strength, besides improving balance. We evaluated the effect of a specific exercise program on bone mass and quality and physical function capacity in postmenopausal women with low bone mineral density. ...
Nikander Riku - - 2010
Exercise is widely recommended to reduce osteoporosis, falls and related fragility fractures, but its effect on whole bone strength has remained inconclusive. The primary purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the effects of long-term supervised exercise (> or =6 months) on estimates of lower-extremity bone strength ...
Chang Ting-Kuo - - 2010
Loss of bone quality and deterioration of articular cartilage are commonly seen after menopause. While exercise may protect against tissue degeneration, a clear link has yet to be established. The aim of the present study is to investigate the influence of long-term treadmill exercise on changes in bone mass and ...
Wallace Joseph M - - 2010
Biglycan (bgn)-deficient mice (KO) have defective osteoblasts which lead to changes in the amount and quality of bone. Altered tissue strength in C57BL6/129 (B6;129) KO mice, a property which is independent of tissue quantity, suggests that deficiencies in tissue quality are responsible. However, the response to bgn-deficiency is inbred strain-specific. ...
Kayser B D - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy of continuous resistance training (3 days/wk) compared to interrupted resistance training where 20-24 h separated an exercise bout (i. e. 6 days/wk) for enhancing bone mineral density (BMD) in growing male rats. The total volume of work performed per week ...
Martyn-St James Marrissa - - 2010
Our objective was to assess the effects of differing modes of impact exercise on bone density at the hip and spine in premenopausal women through systematic review and meta-analysis. Electronic databases, key journals and reference lists were searched for controlled trials investigating the effects of impact exercise interventions on lumbar ...
Pang Marco Y C - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Individuals with stroke often sustain bone loss on the hemiparetic side and are prone to fragility fractures. Exercise training may be a viable way to promote bone mineral density (BMD) and geometry in this population. OBJECTIVE: This was a pilot study to evaluate the effects of a 6-month treadmill ...
Huang Tsang-Hai - - 2010
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of non-weight-bearing exercise on growing bone. Male Wistar rats (7 week-old) were assigned to one baseline control group, one control group and two swimming training groups, which were trained with 2 and 4% body-weight mass added, respectively. After an 8-week ...
Waltman N L - - 2010
This study examined whether 24 months of weight training exercises enhanced the effectiveness of risedronate, calcium, and vitamin D in maintaining or improving bone mineral density (BMD) in 223 postmenopausal breast cancer survivors. Subjects who were > or =50% adherent to exercise had no improvement in BMD but were less ...
Rector R Scott - - 2009
Weight loss improves metabolic fitness and reduces morbidity and mortality; however, weight reduction also reduces bone mineral density (BMD) and increases bone turnover. Weight-bearing aerobic exercise may preserve bone mass and maintain normal bone turnover during weight reduction. We investigated the impact of weight-bearing and nonweight-bearing exercise on serum markers ...
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