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Results 251 - 300 of 982
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Nakagawa Takashi - - 2006
This study investigated hearing levels in cases of intractable otitis media with eosinophils and validated the treatment strategy. Medical charts were reviewed retrospectively. The diagnosis was made when the proportion of eosinophils in middle ear secretions exceeded 10%. Twelve patients were identified and treated with an antihistaminergic agent, leukotriene receptor ...
Benton Melissa J - - 2006
Hormone replacement therapy, once the gold standard for treatment of osteoporosis, is no longer a clinical option. Effective alternatives are available using resistance exercise and supplementation with calcium and vitamin D to ameliorate bone loss and promote new bone formation. This article summarizes current evidence and provides recommendations for community ...
Vicente-Rodríguez German - - 2006
It is increasingly accepted that osteoporosis is a paediatric issue. The prepubertal human skeleton is quite sensitive to the mechanical stimulation elicited by physical activity. To achieve the benefits for bone deriving from physical activity, it is not necessary to perform high volumes of exercise, since a notable osteogenic effect ...
Vainionpää A - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: High-impact exercise is known to be beneficial for bones. However, the optimal amount of exercise is not known. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association between the intensity of exercise and bone mineral density (BMD). METHODS: We performed a 12-month population-based trial with 120 women ...
Cuzick Jack - - 2006
The common link with oestrogen levels suggests that bone mineral density and mammographic density might also be linked. One study found weak support for this, but another study failed to provide confirmation. Overall, the relationship is very weak, if it exists at all. Other factors such as weight-bearing exercise, which ...
Ruffing J A - - 2006
The determinants of bone mineral density (BMD) at multiple sites were examined in a fit college population. Subjects were 755 males (mean age = 18.7 years) entering the United States Military Academy. A questionnaire assessed exercise frequency and milk, caffeine, and alcohol consumption and tobacco use. Academy staff measured height, ...
Tosun Aliye - - 2006
This study aimed to investigate the acute effects of exercise on bone turnover and to determine whether brisk walking with or without weight-lifting makes a difference on bone metabolism. Nine healthy women performed two exercise bouts: brisk walking on a treadmill for 30 min (E), and similar exercise carrying 5 ...
Vassas C - - 2006
A field study was carried out along the Golfe du Lion, that focussed on the beaches of the Camargue, to locate the main areas where enriched U and Th are found, and to better understand the processes that concentrate radioactivity on beaches. Indeed enriched areas are observed on some Camargue ...
Giangregorio Lora - - 2006
Individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) often experience bone loss and muscle atrophy. Muscle atrophy can result in reduced metabolic rate and increase the risk of metabolic disorders. Sublesional osteoporosis predisposes individuals with SCI to an increased risk of low-trauma fracture. Fractures in people with SCI have been reported during ...
Gusi Narcís - - 2006
Whole-body vibration (WBV) is a new type of exercise that has been increasingly tested for the ability to prevent bone fractures and osteoporosis in frail people. There are two currently marketed vibrating plates: a) the whole plate oscillates up and down; b) reciprocating vertical displacements on the left and right ...
Pang M Y C - - 2006
We assessed the impact of a 19-week exercise program on bone health in chronic stroke. Those who underwent the program reported significantly more gain in tibial trabecular bone content and cortical bone thickness on the affected side. Regular exercise is thus beneficial for enhancing bone health in this population.
Aldrighi José M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: We tested the hypothesis that estrogen replacement (2 mg estradiol/day, orally for 90 days) would improve cardiopulmonary and functional capacities in postmenopausal women. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty-three postmenopausal and sedentary women were divided into estrogen replacement (n = 13, 57 +/- 2 years) and placebo control (n = 10, 58 ...
Chen Shih-Ching - - 2005
PURPOSE: To assess the change in bone mineral density (BMD) after spinal cord injury (SCI) and to evaluate whether BMD loss can be reversed with the intervention of functional electric stimulation cycling exercises (FESCE). METHODS: Fifteen males with SCI were included. Fifteen able-bodied males were also tested to compare BMD. ...
Jämsä Timo - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The incidence of osteoporotic fractures is increasing and has become one of the major health problems in developed countries. Physical exercise has been found to be effective in the prevention of osteoporosis. However, the optimal amount of exercise is not known. The aim of this study was to examine ...
Cussler Ellen C - - 2005
The aim of this study was to examine the association of exercise frequency and calcium intake (CI) with change in regional and total bone mineral density (BMD) in a group of postmenopausal women completing 4 years of progressive strength training. One hundred sixty-seven calcium-supplemented (800 mg/day) sedentary women (56.1+/-4.5 years) ...
Grimoldi Agustín A - - 2005
The aim of this work was to disentangle phosphorus status-dependent and -independent effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus (AMF) on leaf morphology and carbon allocation in perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne). To this end, we assessed the P-response function of morphological components in mycorrhizal and nonmycorrhizal plants of similar size. AMF (Glomus ...
Welch Jo M - - 2005
Adequate dietary calcium and bone-stimulating exercise during growth are known to affect skeletal development, but the combined effects of dietary calcium and osteogenic exercise have received scant attention. Animal research has showed a compensatory effect of impact loading on calcium-deprived bones, while various human studies have suggested compensatory, additive, or ...
Thomsen Jesper S - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Static bone histomorphometry was applied to existing iliac bone sections originating from a 370-d 5 degrees head-down bed rest experiment. This bed rest experiment is the longest ever to have been conducted. We hypothesized that bed rest would decrease cancellous bone volume fraction and that this effect would be ...
To William W K - - 2005
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare the bone mineral density (BMD) of the axial and appendicular skeleton between regularly exercising collegiate dancers and age matched non-exercising young females between the age of 17 and 19 to assess the impact of weight-bearing exercises and menstrual status on BMD. DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort. SETTING: ...
Panteli Katerina E - - 2005
A number of growth factors are involved in clonal haematopoietic expansion and their clinical significance in patients with chronic myeloproliferative diseases requires further evaluation. Using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays, we analysed serum levels of interleukin (IL)-1a, IL-1b, IL-2, IL-6, the soluble IL-2 receptor alpha (sIL-2Ra), and thrombopoietin (TPO), in 25 individuals ...
Mullins Nicole M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The strength of aging bone depends on the balance between the resorption and formation phases of the remodeling process. The purpose of this study was to examine the interaction of two factors with the potential to exert opposing influences on bone turnover, resistance exercise training and high dietary protein ...
Engelke K - - 2006
It is an important aim in the prevention of osteoporosis to stop or decelerate bone loss during the early postmenopausal years. Here we report on results of the 3-year EFOPS exercise trial in osteopenic women. The exercise strategy emphasized low-volume high-resistance strength training and high-impact aerobics. Forty-eight fully compliant women ...
Albertazzi P - - 2005
Intermittent pneumatic compression has been shown to increase blood flow in the leg which, in turn, may improve BMD. We performed a pilot study to assess whether intermittent compression of the leg could improve BMD at the femoral neck. 37 postmenopausal women with low bone density T score < -1 ...
Yu Clare C W - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that strength training benefits diet-controlled obese children with respect to lean mass and bone mineral acquisition. Eighty-two Hong Kong school children (aged 10.4 +/- 1.0 years, 70 in Tanner stage 1, 12 in stage 2) who were obese/overweight were randomly ...
Caruso John F - - 2005
The subjects of this study (n = 20; 16 women, 4 men) performed 10 weeks of leg press training using one of two exercise modes (isoload or isotonic) with no crossover. Their workouts, which were performed 3 times per week, involved 4 sets of 8 repetitions with maximal voluntary effort. ...
Maïmoun L - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of strenuous exercise on bone metabolism and related hormones in elderly subjects. METHODS: Twenty one active elderly subjects (11 men and 10 women; mean age 73.3 years) showing a mean theoretical Vo2max of 151.4% participated. Concentrations of plasma ionised calcium (iCa), serum intact parathyroid hormone ...
Yung P S - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to investigate bone properties using heel quantitative ultrasound (QUS) in young adults participating in various sports. METHODS: A cross sectional study was performed on Chinese male students (n = 55), aged 18-22 years. Subjects with previous fractures or suffering from any diseases known to affect ...
Mekary, Rania A.
Three studies are presented; the first epidemiological study was a survey of Baton Rouge/New Orleans physicians who manage osteoporosis. When the respondents answers were compared to selected guidelines, they displayed poor knowledge regarding osteoporosis prevention, diagnosis, and treatment (X2=39.88; P<0.0001). Rheumatologists and endocrinologists scored globally better on osteoporosis management when ...
Weil David A - - 2006
Previous experiments have demonstrated that significant increases in yield of Agaricus bisporus mushrooms were achieved by adding a micronutrient rich fertilizer, Micromax, to the compost. This study was performed to determine the mineral(s) that are responsible for this yield improvement. An initial experiment determined that manganese was the mineral of ...
Ruff C B - - 2005
Analysis of skeletal remains from humans living in the past forms an important complement to observational and experimental studies of living humans and animal models. Including earlier humans in such analyses increases the range of variation in both behavior and body size and shape that are represented, and can provide ...
Lee Seung Hwan - - 2005
CONCLUSIONS: Telomerase activity was expressed in cholesteatomas, and cellular proliferation was significantly higher in cases where the telomerase activity was positive. Telomerase activity was also closely related with cellular proliferation in chronic hyperproliferating tissues such as cholesteatomas. OBJECTIVE: Telomerase activity is detected in most malignant tumors and is also known ...
Sedlak Carol A CA College of Nursing, Kent State University, Kent, OH, - - 2005
The purpose of this pilot study was to determine if tailored nursing interventions based on personal knowledge of bone mineral density from a dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry cause increases in knowledge of osteoporosis, health beliefs, or osteoporosis-prevention behaviors in postmenopausal women 50-65 years of age, 6 months after the intervention. The ...
Reithmeier T - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The exact effects of decompressive craniectomy on intracranial pressure (ICP) and cerebral tissue oxygenation (ptiO2) are still unclear. Therefore, we have monitored ICP and ptiO2 intra-operatively and correlated these values to different operative steps during craniectomy. METHODS: ICP and ptiO2 values have been monitored both, simultaneously and continuously, in ...
Courteix D - - 2005
High calcium intake combined with physical activity during childhood have been shown to improve bone mass accrual and bone mineral density. Our aim was to study the combined effect of calcium and exercise on bone gain in children. Two milk-powder products containing either 800 mg of calcium phosphate (calcium) or ...
Heffez Leslie B - - 2005
PURPOSE: To evaluate the ability to control vectors in the technique of transportation osteogenesis using 4 principles. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sixteen defects measuring approximately 30-180 mm were retrospectively evaluated. Vector control was attempted using a single or combination of the following principles: multiple linear vectors, exaggerated linear distraction ("sausage effect"), ...
Stewart Kerry J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Weight loss typically reduces bone mineral density (BMD). Exercise may preserve or increase BMD even while reducing fatness. We examined the relationships among exercise-induced changes in fitness and fatness with BMD. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial conducted between July 1999 and November 2003. PARTICIPANTS: Men and women (n =115) aged ...
Rabon-Stith Karma M - - 2005
To determine the influence of the vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene FokI and BsmI genotype on bone mineral density response to two exercise training modalities, 206 healthy men and women (50-81 years old) were studied before and after approximately 5-6 months of either aerobic exercise training (AT) or strength training ...
Korpelainen Raija - - 2006
Evidence of the effect of exercise on bone loss comes mainly from studies in voluntary postmenopausal women, and no population-based, long-term interventions have been performed. The purpose of this population-based, randomized, controlled trial was to determine the effect of long-term impact exercise on bone mass at various skeletal sites in ...
Aykut Umit S - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of temporary hemiepiphyseal stapling on the bone geometry and proliferative activity of the physis in immature rabbits. Proximal medial epiphyseal stapling of the right tibia was performed in 46 6-week-old New Zealand white rabbits. The rabbits were assigned randomly into ...
Rittweger Jörn - - 2005
Muscle atrophy and bone loss pose substantial problems for long-term space flight and in clinical immobilization. We therefore tested the efficacy of flywheel resistive exercise and pamidronate to counteract such losses. Twenty five young healthy males underwent strict bed rest with -6 degrees head-down tilt for 90 days. Subjects were ...
Firth E C - - 2005
AIM: To describe features of the morphology of the carpus, quantify the thickness of hyaline and calcified cartilage, and to describe the morphology and density of subchondral bone in the third carpal bone (C3) of young Thoroughbred horses in early training. METHODS: C3 of seven 2-year-old horses in training and ...
Davies H M S - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to test whether longer third metacarpal (MC3) bones had thicker dorsal cortices in a group of racehorses that were exercising at similar maximum speeds, and to establish if horses with larger differences in length between their right and left MC3 bones showed larger ...
Iuliano-Burns Sandra - - 2005
Exercise and improved nutrition offer safe, low-cost and widely applicable approaches to potentially reduce the burden of fractures. We conducted a cross-sectional study of 30 monozygotic and 26 dizygotic male twin pairs, aged 7-20 years to test the following hypotheses: (1) Associations between bone mass and dimensions and exercise are ...
Cao Peihong - - 2005
Astronauts experience spine deconditioning during exposure to microgravity due to the lack of axial loads on the spine. Treadmill exercise in a lower body negative pressure (LBNP) chamber provides axial loads on the lumbar spine. We hypothesize that daily supine LBNP exercise helps counteract lumbar spine deconditioning during 28 days ...
Stengel S V - - 2005
Physical exercise has a favorable impact on bones, but optimum training strategies are still under discussion. In this study, we compared the effect of slow and fast resistance exercises on various osteodensitometric parameters. Fifty-three postmenopausal women were randomly assigned to a strength training (ST) or a power training group (PT). ...
Davies H M S - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To confirm that the midshaft dorsal cortex of the third metacarpal bone experienced higher compressive strains during fast exercise than the medial or lateral cortices, and that the strain peak occurred earlier in the hoof-down phase of the stride on the dorsal cortex than the medial or lateral cortices. ...
De Souza Mary Jane - - 2005
The etiology of amenorrhea in exercising women is linked to a mismatch between caloric intake and high levels of exercise energy expenditure that results in a chronic energy deficit. This in turn stimulates compensatory mechanisms such as weight loss, metabolic hormone alterations, or energy conservation that subsequently causes a central ...
Kemmler Wolfgang - - 2005
PURPOSE: To determine the impact of multipurpose exercise training on bone, body composition, blood lipids, physical fitness, and menopausal symptoms in early postmenopausal women with osteopenia. METHODS: Forty-eight fully compliant (more than two sessions per week for 38 months) women (55.1 +/- 3.3 yr) without any medication or illness affecting ...
Saxon L K - - 2005
We have known for sometime that sex hormones influence the growth, preservation, and loss of bone tissue in the skeleton. However, we are only beginning to recognize how estrogen influences the responsiveness of the skeleton to exercise. Frost's mechanostat theory proposes that estrogen reduces the mechanical strain required to initiate ...
Englund Undis - - 2005
Forty-eight community living women 66-87 years old volunteered to participate in a 12-month prospective, randomized, controlled, trial. The aim was to determine if a combined weight-bearing training program twice a week would be beneficial to bone mineral density and neuromuscular function. The participants were pairwise age-matched and randomly assigned to ...
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