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Results 101 - 150 of 982
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Dodd Jonathan D - - 2008
The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between bone mineral density (BMD) and objective maximal exercise measurements in adults with cystic fibrosis (CF). Twenty-five CF patients (19 males, 6 females, mean age 25.5 yr, range: 17-52) underwent BMD assessment and maximal-cycle ergometer exercise testing. We examined the ...
Goettsch B M - - 2008
This study compared a resistance training program where the exercise was uninterrupted (UT, i.e., continuous repetitions) against a resistance training program where the exercise was interrupted (IT, i.e., 3 exercise sessions during a training day) for enhancing bone modeling and bone mineral density (BMD) in maturating animals. The total volume ...
Honda Akiko - - 2008
We investigated the osteogenic responses to jump training and subsequent detraining in young and adult male rats to test the following hypotheses: 1) jump training has skeletal benefits; 2) these skeletal benefits are preserved with subsequent detraining throughout bone morphometric changes; and 3) there are no differences between young and ...
Ali Syed Tabrez - - 2008
Satisfaction with the sexual experience is considered important when evaluating the impact of treatments for erectile dysfunction, yet enhanced satisfaction has been infrequently assessed in the sexual trials. We evaluated the efficacy of sildenafil vs. tadalafil, in Saudi men with erectile dysfunction and determined the self-based rating of medicinal preference. ...
Urrutia Julio - - 2008
OBJECT: Posterolateral spinal fusions are performed to treat different spinal disorders. Autograft continues to be the gold standard; it is, however, associated with donor site morbidity and limited sources. Allograft has been used, but has been reported to result in lower fusion rates. Demineralized bone matrix (DBM) has also been ...
Knobf M Tish - - 2008
Weight gain and bone loss are commonly reported in breast cancer survivors. The purpose of this pilot study is to assess feasibility and explore the effect of an aerobic weight-loaded exercise intervention on bone remodeling, weight, and body composition. A one-group pre-posttest design was used to test a 16-24-week supervised ...
Imamura Koreyoshi - - 2008
True density of an amorphous matrix represents the state of molecular packing in the matrix, which is closely related to the physical/chemical properties of the material. Dry gas pycnometry is one possible technique for measuring the true density of an amorphous sugar matrix prepared by freeze-drying. We herein report on ...
Gokce Cumali - - 2008
The styloid process (SP) is a cylindrical, long cartilaginous bone located on the temporal bone. The normal SP length is approximately 20-30 mm. The styloid process elongation (SPE) can be assumed if either the SP or the adjacent stylohyoid ligament ossification shows an overall length in excess of 30 mm. ...
Gunter Katherine - - 2008
Our aim was to assess BMC of the hip over 8 yr in prepubertal children who participated in a 7-mo jumping intervention compared with controls who participated in a stretching program of equal duration. We hypothesized that jumpers would gain more BMC than control subjects. The data reported come from ...
Schenck E L - - 2008
Lameness in breeding-age gilts and sows is a major cause of culling, resulting in increased economic losses and welfare concerns. This study determined if exercise during gestation would affect the musculo-skeletal system, production variables, and behavior. Gilts were blocked by BW and assigned to 1 of 3 treatment groups: control ...
McWhannell N - - 2008
A high-impact exercise and a lifestyle intervention were implemented over a 9-week period; changes in bone and body composition were compared to controls. Sixty-one children volunteered from three randomly selected schools. Each school was randomly assigned to either a structured exercise (STEX) intervention, a lifestyle intervention (PASS) or control (CONT). ...
Kawcak C E - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To identify changes in imaging outcomes in a controlled model of osteoarthritis (OA) vs exercise. METHOD: Sixteen 2-year-old horses were randomly assigned to an exercise control (n=8) or an exercise OA (n=8) group. All horses had middle carpal joints arthroscopically explored and an osteochondral fragment was induced in one ...
Perry Mark J - - 2009
While the effect of ultrasound as an extreme example of low-magnitude high-frequency stimulation has been explored in the response of bone to injury, little is known about its effect on normal bone. This experiment was designed to test the hypothesis that ultrasound exerts a similar influence on bone as mechanical ...
Wiebe Peter N - - 2008
Few studies have explored osteogenic potential of prepubertal populations. We conducted a 28-week school-based exercise trial of single-leg drop-landing exercise with 42 prepubertal girls (6 to 10 years) randomly assigned to control (C), low-drop (LD) or high-drop (HD) exercise groups. The latter two groups performed single-leg drop-landings (3 sessions/week-1 and ...
Zhao Wenyuan - - 2008
In this study, a biphasic injectable bone substitute, based on tricalcium silicate (Ca(3)SiO(5)) and plaster (CaSO(4).1/2H(2)O), is presented. The addition of CaSO(4).1/2H(2)O could accelerate the hydration of Ca(3)SiO(5), decrease the setting time, and improve the strength of the cement. The workable Ca(3)SiO(5)/CaSO(4).1/2H(2)O pastes with a liquid to powder (L/P) ratio ...
Christensen Angi M - - 2008
The following study examines the reliability of physically matching fragments of bone and other mineral-based biological materials such as shells and teeth. Participants with varying education, training, and experience were asked to complete a matching exercise consisting of intentionally fragmented specimens. Success rates were very high; the positive association (correct ...
Dolny Dennis G - - 2008
In recent years, it has been suggested that exercise using whole body vibration (WBV) platforms may increase muscle activity and subsequently enhance muscle performance in both acute and chronic conditions. WBV platforms produce frequencies ranging from 15-60 Hz and vertical displacements from ~1-11 mm, resulting in accelerations of ~2.2-5.1 g. ...
Barry Daniel W - - 2008
Exercise is generally accepted as having favorable effects on bone health and, subsequently, a reduction in fracture risk. In the absence of large randomized controlled trials of the potential benefits of exercise on fracture risk, support for this belief comes from cross-sectional studies and interventional studies using surrogate endpoints such ...
Spellman Craig W - - 2008
Physicians have many options available for treating patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Making decisions on types of pharmaceuticals to use and when to introduce them into the treatment regimen can be a complex process. In addition, nutrition and exercise must be considered in any comprehensive treatment plan. The ...
Narula Neeraj N Division of Gastroenterology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, - - 2008
Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are both idiopathic inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) that affect 0.5% of Canadians. As yet, there is no known cure for either disease, and symptoms are treated with an array of medicines. The objective of the present review was to present the role of exercise and ...
Olsson Ola - - 2008
We develop a general patch-use model of central place foraging, which subsumes and extends several previous models. The model produces a catalog of central place effects predicting how distance from a central place influences the costs and benefits of foraging, load-size, quitting harvest rates, and giving-up densities. In the model, ...
Ju Y-I - - 2008
Three-dimensional trabecular architecture was investigated in the femora of tail-suspended young growing rats, and the effects of jump exercise during remobilization were examined. Five-week-old male Wistar rats (n = 35) were randomly assigned to five body weight-matched groups: tail-suspended group (SUS; n = 7); sedentary control group for SUS (S(CON); ...
Szeto Cheuk-Chun - - 2008
BACKGROUND: After prolonged peritoneal dialysis (PD) and exposure to a non-physiological dialysis solution, peritoneal mesothelial cells undergo the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition. In other biological systems, bone morphogenic protein-7 (BMP-7) is a key factor that controls this process. However, the role of BMP-7 in peritoneal physiology has not been studied. METHODS: We ...
De Souza Mary Jane - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Bone loss in amenorrheic athletes has been attributed to energy deficiency-related suppression of bone formation, but not increased resorption despite hypoestrogenism. OBJECTIVE: To assess the independent and combined effects of energy deficiency and estrogen deficiency on bone turnover markers in exercising women. DESIGN: PINP, osteocalcin, U-CTX-I, TT3, leptin, and ...
Hind K - - 2008
Inadequate bone mineral accrual during growth and accelerated bone demineralisation in adulthood are recognised as additional and serious complications for patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). However, little attention has been given to preventative strategies for this population. Inadequate bone accrual during childhood and adolescence, and premature bone loss, lead to ...
Barry Daniel W - - 2008
Male cyclists have been found to have low BMD in cross-sectional studies. Changes in BMD values over 1 yr of training and competition were studied in 14 male cyclists. BMD decreased significantly at the total hip, neck, trochanter, and shaft regions but not the lumbar spine. This first prospective study ...
Kase Kei-Ichi - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Basic fibroblast growth factor (b-FGF) has recently been shown to have a positive effect on the treatment of postoperative mastoid cavity problem, but its ototoxicity has not been investigated. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of b-FGF on the inner ear of guinea pigs. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: In groups ...
Villareal Dennis T DT Division of Geriatrics and Nutritional Science, Center for Human Nutrition, Washington University School of Medicine, 4488 Forest Park Boulevard, St. Louis, MO 63108, USA. - - 2008
Although weight loss and exercise ameliorates frailty and improves cardiac risk factors in obese older adults, the long-term effect of lifestyle intervention on bone metabolism and mass is unknown. The objective was to evaluate the effects of diet-induced weight loss in conjunction with exercise on bone metabolism and mass in ...
Plochocki Jeffrey H - - 2008
The functional adaptation of juvenile mammalian limb bone to mechanical loading is necessary to maintain bone strength. Diaphyseal size and shape are modified during growth through the process of bone modeling. Although bone modeling is a well-documented response to increased mechanical stress on growing diaphyseal bone, the effect of proximodistal ...
Schwab Pascale - - 2008
With an aging population, osteoporosis has become a public health concern and an area of increased awareness among both patients and medical practitioners. Timely screening and pharmacologic treatment of low bone mass effectively reduces fracture risk. Nonpharmacologic interventions, however, deserve equal emphasis both in the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis. ...
Rogers C W - - 2008
REASON FOR PERFORMING STUDY: No data exist on the intensity of exercise required or on possible harmful effects of increasing exercise in foals over the natural level when free at pasture. OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether an increase in workload over free pasture exercise in the period from directly after birth ...
Pikkarainen E - - 2009
The objective of this study was to assess differences in the effects of competitive gymnastics and running on bone mineral content (BMC) of the lumbar spine and femoral neck when compared with their non-competing age-matched controls. Caucasian healthy peri-pubertal girls (52 competing gymnasts, 46 competing runners, 44 non-athletic controls) were ...
Elliott John O - - 2008
Antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) are known to cause bone loss. People with epilepsy have twice the fracture rate of nonepilepsy populations. Osteoprotective knowledge related to calcium and exercise has not been assessed in people with epilepsy. The Osteoporosis Knowledge Test (OKT), a validated, 24-item test, was administered to 94 epilepsy patients ...
Chilibeck Philip D - - 2008
Exercise has a beneficial effect on bone, possibly by stimulating estrogen receptor alpha. Because estrogen up-regulates this receptor, estrogen therapy combined with exercise training may be optimal for increasing bone mineral density. Studies combining estrogen therapy and exercise training in postmenopausal women show mixed results, but indicate that the combination ...
Hingorjo Mozaffer Rahim - - 2008
Osteoporosis is a metabolic disorder of the bones due to loss of both bone mineral and bone matrix in equal proportions resulting in a bone that is weak and unable to support the body. This becomes a problem in the elderly who are then at risk of frequent fractures increasing ...
Bailey C A - - 2008
Physical activity is one of the major non-pharmacological methods for increasing and maintaining bone mineral density (BMD) and geometry. As such, it has an important role in maintaining peak bone mass and strength, thus reducing the risk of future osteoporotic fracture. However, not all exercise is effective, so a prescription ...
Umemura Yoshihisa - - 2008
We investigated whether the effects of jump training on bone are preserved after a detraining period in female normal and estrogen-deficient rats. Forty-four 11-wk-old Wistar rats were divided into the following four groups: sham sedentary (n = 12), sham exercised (n = 11), ovariectomized sedentary (n = 10), and ovariectomized ...
Heise C A - - 2008
Electrophysiologically, Tourette syndrome (TS) is characterized by shortened cortical silent period (CSP), reflecting decreased motor inhibition. However, voluntary versus involuntary aspects of inhibitory functions in TS are not well understood. Hence, investigating voluntary motor drive (VMD) could help to elucidate this issue. A group of 14 healthy adolescents was compared ...
Welch J M - - 2008
The benefits of impact exercise and dietary calcium on bone development are controversial. We used inbred rats under highly controlled conditions to test the independent and combined effects of impact exercise and physiological levels of calcium intakes on the growing skeleton. Forty growing F-344 female rats were fed diets containing ...
Hourigan S R - - 2008
Exercise may affect osteopenic women at risk of falls and fractures. A workstation approach to exercise was evaluated in a randomised study of 98 women. The intervention group improved in measures of balance, strength and bone density. This study supports a preventative exercise approach that aims to reduce risk factors ...
Vicente-Rodríguez Germán - - 2008
Food intake provides the necessary components for adequate metabolic functions in bone. Calcium, phosphorus, vitamin D, magnesium, proteins, and fluoride are some of the most important nutrients in this regard. These have different effects on bone mass. Additionally, exercise has been shown to elicit osteogenic responses in bone development; indeed, ...
Haycraft Courtney J - - 2008
Although the expression of cilia on chondrocytes was described over 40 years ago, the importance of this organelle in skeletal development and maintenance has only recently been recognized. Primary cilia are found on most mammalian cells and have been shown to play a role in chemosensation and mechanosensation. A growing ...
Nagasawa Seigo - - 2008
Jump exercise in rats creates high-impact loading on lower limbs and results in the promotion of osteogenesis. Although we clarified that a few loadings per day could increase bone mass and strength within 8 weeks, we did not observe an osteogenic response at the onset of the training period. The ...
Alwis Gayani - - 2008
BACKGROUND: We have previously reported that a one-year school-based exercise intervention program influences the accrual of bone mineral in pre-pubertal girls. This report aims to evaluate if also hip structure is affected, as geometry independent of bone mineral influences fracture risk. METHODS: Fifty-three girls aged 7 - 9 years were ...
Banu Jameela - - 2008
Conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) are a group of polyunsaturated fatty acids that has recently been shown to have several beneficial effects on different diseases, including prevention of bone loss. The important feature of CLA is to reduce fat mass, thereby reducing body weight significantly. Although loss of body weight is ...
Bronner Felix - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Lanthanum carbonate (Fosrenol) is a non-calcium phosphate binder that controls hyperphosphataemia without increasing calcium intake above guideline targets. The biological fate and bone load of lanthanum were modelled with the aid of a four-compartment kinetic model, analogous to that of calcium. METHODS: The model used data from healthy subjects ...
Wendlova J - - 2008
The article brings a biomechanical analysis of the determination of the position of gravity centre of trainee in plane, both graphically and by calculation. The importance of determining the position of the gravity centre in different postures of a trainee should not be underestimated, as it belongs to the basic ...
Brooke-Wavell Katherine - - 2008
Physical activity in childhood has potential benefits for bone health and many other health outcomes. A number of studies have demonstrated that exercise can enhance bone gains in children and adolescents. Activities that impose high loads on bone seem most effective, and relatively brief bouts of such exercise are adequate. ...
Huang Tsang-Hai - - 2008
This study investigated the effects of endurance running training on the bones of growing rats. Thirty-two male Wistar rats (7 weeks old) were assigned to a sedentary control group (CON, n = 10), a continuous endurance running group (CEN, n = 10), or an intermittent endurance running group (IEN, n ...
Ferguson V L - - 2008
Impact exercise has a profound effect in increasing volumetric density of epiphyseal bone, as clearly shown in 2 year old thoroughbred racehorses from which we derived the tissue studied in the present investigation. Here, we asked the question whether the fabric-level properties of the mineralised tissues immediately below hyaline articular ...
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