Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 914
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Willoughby Darryn S - - 2003
INTRODUCTION/PURPOSE: Eccentric exercise causes muscle proteolysis that may be attenuated with repeated exercise. Therefore, this study determined the effect of repeated bouts of eccentric exercise on ubiquitin (UBI), ubiquitin conjugating enzyme (E2), and 20S proteasome (20S) and glucocorticoid receptor (GR) mRNA and protein expression, myofibrillar protein content, DNA content, caspase-3 ...
Phillips Tracey - - 2003
PURPOSE: This study investigated the effects of a dietary supplement on exercise-induced markers of cell damage and the inflammatory mediators C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin-6 (IL-6). METHODS: The supplement contained mixed tocopherols, flavonoids, and docosahexaenoate. Forty healthy, nonsmoking, untrained males (aged 18-35 yr) were randomly assigned to receive either the ...
Yanagisawa O O Doctoral Program in Medical Science, Japan University of Tsukoba, Tsukuba, Japan. - - 2003
The purposes of present study were to investigate quantitatively using functional MR imaging the effect of a series of throwing activities on rotator cuff muscles and to compare the effect of pitching with that of all-out shoulder external rotator exercise as the targeted external rotator muscle group (the infraspinatus and ...
Hayward Reid - - 2003
This study was conducted to determine if an initial bout of resistance (weight lifting) exercise by untrained women results in any alterations in indicators of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Untrained women performed 4 resistance exercises at 70% of their 1 repetition maximum. Blood samples were obtained during the 12 h ...
Avery Neva G - - 2003
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of vitamin E (VE) supplementation (1200 IU/day) on recovery responses to repeated bouts of resistance exercise. Non-resistance trained men were assigned to supplement with VE (n = 9) or placebo (PL; n = 9) for 3 weeks and then perform ...
Kinugasa Ryuta - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of short-term creatine (Cr) supplementation on exercise-induced transverse relaxation time (T2) and sprint performance during maximum intermittent cycling exercise using the muscle functional magnetic resonance imaging (mfMRI) technique. Twelve men were divided into a Cr supplementation group [the Cr group, ...
Rijkelijkhuizen J M - - 2003
Effects of fibre type composition and type of contraction on low-frequency fatigue (LFF) were investigated in isolated rat medial gastrocnemius (GM) muscle. Fast oxidative or fast glycolytic GM muscle parts of anaesthetised male Wistar rats (n=18) were activated selectively by maximal electrical stimulation of the nerve after selective cutting of ...
Yuan Yvonne - - 2003
The responses of fatty acid-binding protein (FABP) and creatine kinase (CK) were compared in a group of junior rowers during 5 weeks of training. Acute exercise induced a larger increase in FABP (70-362%) than in CK (24-156%). When the chronic effect of exercise was studied, the baseline FABP levels were ...
Chen Yi-Wen - - 2003
We examined the effect of eccentric exercise on the transcriptome of skeletal muscle in three male human volunteers who performed 300 concentric contractions with one leg and 300 eccentric contractions with the opposite leg. Vastus lateralis muscle biopsies were taken from both legs at 4-8 h after exercise, and expression ...
Proske U - - 2003
1. Experiments were performed to test the ability of human subjects to match forces in their elbow flexor muscles following eccentric exercise of one arm and, in a second series, after biceps brachii of one arm had been made sore by injection of hypertonic saline. 2. In the force-matching task, ...
Lambert Charles P - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of ingesting creatine monohydrate in elevating intramuscular creatine stores and improving exercise capacity in individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS). DESIGN: Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, pre-posttrial. SETTING: A university-based exercise physiology laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Sixteen individuals with relapsing-remitting MS (median Expanded Disability Status Scale score, 4.75; range, 1.5-6.0). ...
Caruso John F - - 2003
Net O(2) uptake was measured from maximal-effort 3-set, 8-repetition seated leg press protocols on an isoinertial ergometer. Subjects (25 women, 9 men) did 2 workouts each exerting concentric-eccentric (CE) and concentric-only (CO) knee extensor forces to measure work and net caloric cost. Significant (p < 0.05) relationships between work and ...
Durand Robert J - - 2003
The effects of concentric (CON) and eccentric (ECC) contractions on Delta plasma volume (PV), heart rate (HR), and lactate in responses to protocols in different body positions were investigated. CON or ECC contractions were performed in either a single-exercise (6 sets of 12 repetitions of leg extensions completed at 80% ...
Meyer Katharina - - 2003
PURPOSE: With lengthening (eccentric) muscle contractions, the magnitude of locomotor-muscle mass and strength increase has been demonstrated to be greater compared with shortening (concentric) muscle contractions. In healthy subjects, energy demand and heart rate responses with eccentric exercise are small relative to the amount of muscle force produced. Thus, eccentric ...
Kinoshita S - - 2003
AIM: The purpose of this study was to clarify the effect of various exercise intensities on damage to the hepatic parenchymal cells. METHODS: Male Wistar rats were subjected to forced exercise by treadmill running at 60 and 80% of maximum oxygen uptake (VO2max) for 120 min, sacrificed immediately and 6 ...
Sacheck Jennifer M - - 2003
Muscle damage resulting from eccentric exercise provides a useful model of oxyradical-induced injury and can be used to examine age-related responses to oxidative stress. Sixteen young (26.4 +/- 3.3 years) and 16 older (71.1 +/- 4.0 years) healthy men were randomly assigned to 1000 IU/d vitamin E or placebo for ...
Lee Joohyung - - 2003
PURPOSE: This study examined whether plasma total glutathione levels could explain the intersubject variability in the creatine kinase (CK) response to eccentric exercise. We hypothesized that the increase in plasma CK activity after eccentric exercise would be lower for individuals with low plasma total glutathione (<2.5 micromol x L-1) compared ...
Sayers Stephen P - - 2003
The aim of this study was to examine neuromuscular variables contributing to differences in force loss after participants were exposed to the same relative bout of eccentric exercise. Thirty-six males performed 50 maximal eccentric contractions of the elbow flexors and were stratified into high responders (n = 10) and low ...
Sayers Stephen P - - 2003
PURPOSE: Although creatine kinase (CK) is commonly used as a marker of muscle damage, there is large variability in the response to exercise. We previously found short-term immobilization blunted the rise in plasma CK after eccentric exercise, suggesting subsequent movement of damaged muscle may contribute to variability. We hypothesized that ...
Fehrenbach E - - 2003
Haem-oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is an antioxidant stress protein that is mainly induced by reactive oxygen species, inflammatory cytokines and hyperthermia. We assessed the influence of different types of exercise on HO-1 expression in leukocytes of the peripheral blood in three groups of male participants: a short exhaustive run above the lactate ...
Babul Shelina - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To assess the hypothesis that subjects exposed to intermittent hyperbaric oxygen treatments would recover from signs and symptoms indicative of delayed-onset muscle soreness faster than subjects exposed to normoxic air. DESIGN: Randomized, double-blinded study with a 4-day treatment protocol. SETTING: University-based sports medicine clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Sixteen sedentary female university ...
LaStayo Paul C - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to determine if a chronic eccentric training intervention, i.e., negative work, could limit or even reverse sarcopenia and its related impairments and functional limitations. Is high-force eccentric training tolerable by elderly people and will it result in improved muscle size, strength, balance, and ...
Harrison Glenn J - - 2003
Creatine kinase (CK) and glycolysis represent important energy-buffering processes in the cardiac myocyte. Although the role of compartmentalized CK in energy transfer has been investigated intensely, similar duties for intracellular glycolysis have not been demonstrated. By measuring the response time of mitochondrial oxygen consumption to dynamic workload jumps (tmito) in ...
McHugh Malachy P - - 2003
The repeated bout effect refers to the adaptation whereby a single bout of eccentric exercise protects against muscle damage from subsequent eccentric bouts. While the mechanism for this adaptation is poorly understood there have been significant recent advances in the understanding of this phenomenon. The purpose of this review is ...
Hilliard-Robertson P C - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Loss of muscle strength and cross-sectional area is a well-recognized consequence of spaceflight. Existing countermeasures have not been fully effective in preventing muscle weakness and atrophy in microgravity. Resistance exercise programs that consist of both eccentric and concentric actions have resulted in strength and muscle mass gains in ground-based ...
Gleeson N - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Exercise induced muscle damage (EIMD) from strenuous unaccustomed eccentric exercise is well documented. So too is the observation that a prior bout of eccentric exercise reduces the severity of symptoms of EIMD. This has been attributed to an increase in sarcomeres in series. Recent studies have suggested that prior ...
von Holleben K - - 2003
In a field study 63 commercial cattle transports to German slaughter plants including 580 bulls, cows and heifers were investigated to estimate the impact of pre and post transport aspects on animal welfare. Study 1 evaluated these aspects as part of a large model covering all possible influences at transport ...
McBride Todd A - - 2003
This study was undertaken to measure the response of stretch-activated ion channels (SAC) and transcript levels of the oncogene c-fos to separate bouts of eccentric contractions (EC). It was hypothesized that SAC in rat skeletal muscle would contribute to resting membrane potential depolarization after separate repeated bouts of EC. Blockage ...
Tokmakidis Savvas P - - 2003
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of ibuprofen on delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS), indirect markers of muscle damage and muscular performance. Nineteen subjects (their mean [+/- SD] age, height, and weight was 24.6 +/- 3.9 years, 176.2 +/- 11.1 cm, 77.3 +/- 18.7 kg) performed ...
Connolly Declan A J - - 2003
Eccentric exercise continues to receive attention as a productive means of exercise. Coupled with this has been the heightened study of the damage that occurs in early stages of exposure to eccentric exercise. This is commonly referred to as delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS). To date, a sound and consistent ...
Sugita Masaaki - - 2003
The effect of an amino acid mixture on the recovery from muscle fatigue after eccentric exercise (ECEX) training was examined in twenty-two male college students. The administration of 5.6 g of the amino acid mixture twice daily resulted faster recovery of muscle strength than that with a placebo. The oral ...
Kreider Richard B - - 2003
Creatine has become a popular nutritional supplement among athletes. Recent research has also suggested that there may be a number of potential therapeutic uses of creatine. This paper reviews the available research that has examined the potential ergogenic value of creatine supplementation on exercise performance and training adaptations. Review of ...
Weerakkody N N Department of Physiology, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2003
Human subjects generated a specified level of isometric torque with elbow flexor muscles of one arm, the reference arm, under visual feedback. They were then asked to generate what they perceived to be the same level, with the other arm, the indicator, but with no visual feedback. A number of ...
Yanagisawa Osamu - - 2003
The purpose of this study was to investigate the separate effects of cooling during the acute (within 60 min post-exercise) or subacute (24-168 h post-exercise) phase on skeletal muscle after exercise. Twenty-eight male subjects [mean (SD) 23.8 (1.8) years] were randomly assigned to the control (COTG, n=10), cold-water immersion (CWIG, ...
Germain G - - 2003
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of HBO2 therapy on exercise-induced muscle soreness. Subjects (n = 6 male and 10 female university student volunteers) were randomly divided into an experimental group that received HBO2 therapy and a control group that did not receive any treatments. HBO2 ...
Willoughby D S - - 2003
Plasma interleukin-6 (IL-6) is known to increase in response to eccentric exercise due to an acute-phase immune response. However, the severity of muscle injury is reduced with repeated bouts of eccentric exercise, possibly as a result of decreases in plasma IL-6. This study determined the response of IL-6 mRNA and ...
Saxton John M - - 2003
The effects of comparable lower-limb eccentric exercise that induces high (bench-stepping; STEP) and low (repeated eccentric muscle action; ECC) systemic stress on neutrophil and monocyte phagocytic and respiratory burst activity, and activation antigen (CD11b, CD66b, CD64) expression, were compared in recreationally active subjects (20-37 years old). Leucocyte responses were determined ...
Evans Rachel K - - 2002
PURPOSE: To test whether active and passive warm-up conducted before eccentric exercise attenuates clinical markers of muscle damage. METHODS: Untrained subjects were exposed to one of five conditions: low-heat passive warm-up (N = 10), high-heat passive warm-up (N = 4), or active warm-up (N = 9), preceding eccentric exercise; eccentric ...
Byrne Christopher - - 2002
A well-documented observation after eccentric exercise is a reduction in maximal voluntary force. However, little is known about the ability to maintain maximal isometric force or generate and maintain dynamic peak power. These aspects of muscle function were studied in seven participants (5 males, 2 females). Knee extensor isometric strength ...
Reijneveld J C - - 2002
Patients with an idiopathic increase in serum creatine kinase (CK) levels (hyper-CK-emia) have a benign prognosis, but symptoms may be disabling in daily life. Previous studies have suggested that physical exercise increases the severity of complaints in these patients. We studied whether maximal and submaximal bouts of exercise on a ...
Porter Michelle M - - 2002
Isokinetic dynamometers may provide a useful means of measuring muscle stiffness resulting from eccentric exercise because they can measure torque from computer-controlled passive movements of joints (passive resistive torque; PRT). In this study, a Biodex measured increased ankle PRT (52%; p <.001) following heel drop exercise in nine young women. ...
Sinzinger Helmut - - 2002
Muscle related side effects of statins might be more frequent than once considered. Without affecting CK, they appear in various forms. Here, for the first time, we describe a new appearance we call "Statin-induced myositis migrans" in a 74-year-old female. Symptoms appeared more during the day and were not related ...
Birtles D B - - 2003
There are a number of similarities between chronic exertional compartment syndrome (CECS) and the effects of high force eccentric contractions in healthy controls. We hypothesised that CECS patients would be particularly susceptible to pain, fatigue and swelling after eccentric exercise. Ten CECS patients [aged 30.3 (8.0) years, mean (SD)], 7 ...
Iwai Koichi - - 2003
We examined the time course of the appearance and disappearance of deleted mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in human leucocytes after endurance exercise. Five untrained healthy females [aged 20.2 (0.4) years] exercised for 30 min at 50-60 W at 60 rpm on a cycle ergometer for 2 or 3 consecutive days. Blood ...
Stone Marcus B - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether a common bromelain regimen or common ibuprofen regimen are effective in resolving pain and muscle dysfunction associated with delayed onset muscle soreness of the elbow flexors. DESIGN: A randomized, double-blinded, repeated measures design was used for this study. SETTING: The ...
Signorile Joseph F - - 2002
This study aimed at investigating the effects of different hand positions on the electromyographic (EMG) activity of shoulder muscles during the performance of the lat pull-down exercise. Ten healthy men performed 3 repetitions of the lat pull-down exercise using their experimentally determined 10RM (repetition maximum) weight. Four different common variations ...
Clarkson Priscilla M - - 2002
Exercise-induced muscle injury in humans frequently occurs after unaccustomed exercise, particularly if the exercise involves a large amount of eccentric (muscle lengthening) contractions. Direct measures of exercise-induced muscle damage include cellular and subcellular disturbances, particularly Z-line streaming. Several indirectly assessed markers of muscle damage after exercise include increases in T2 ...
Pensini M - - 2002
Aim of the present investigation was to study the effects of an eccentric training on the neuromuscular properties of the plantar-flexor muscles. The experiment was carried out on 14 males divided into two groups (eccentric and control). Eccentric training consisted of six sets of six eccentric contractions at 120 % ...
Krishnan Raj K - - 2003
The metabolic response to eccentric exercise in healthy older adults is unknown. Therefore, substrate metabolism was examined in the basal state and after sustained hyperglycemia (180 min, 10 mM) in eight healthy, sedentary older [66 +/- 2 yr; body mass index (BMI) of 25.5 +/- 1.2 kg/m] and nine younger ...
Gulbin J P - - 2002
This study investigated whether the variability observed in the markers of exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD) has a genetic etiology. Sixteen pairs of identical twins performed 24 maximal eccentric contractions (24MAX) using the elbow flexors. EIMD indicators were measured pre-24MAX and three days post-24MAX and included: post-exercise force deficit, maximal isometric ...
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