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Friedmann-Bette Birgit - - 2010
In classic concentric/eccentric exercise, the same absolute load is applied in concentric and eccentric actions, which infers a smaller relative eccentric load. We compared the effects of 6 weeks of classic concentric/eccentric quadriceps strength training (CON/ECC, 11 subjects) to eccentric overload training (CON/ECC+, 14 subjects) in athletes accustomed to regular ...
Howatson Glyn - - 2009
Exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD) is a popular area of investigation; however, many of the existing methods to induce muscle damage lack specificity to a sporting context. The aim of this investigation was to examine the extent of damage precipitated from a sport-specific, repeated sprint protocol and therefore elucidate its suitability ...
Kraemer William J - - 2010
To determine the effects of Vicoprofen, Ibuprofen, and a placebo on the responses of endogenous opioid peptides following eccentric exercise-induced muscle damage 36 healthy men (age: 22.8 years; height: 178.8+/-6.2cm; body mass: 78.9+/-13.7kg; body fat: 15.8+/-6.5%) volunteered to participate in the study. Each participant was evaluated for pain 24h post ...
Buford Thomas W - - 2009
Protease supplementation has been purported to reduce the damaging effects of eccentric exercise and accelerate recovery of muscle function, possibly by regulating inflammation. To determine the effectiveness of protease supplementation in attenuating eccentric exercise-induced skeletal muscle damage and inflammation. After standard physical and hemodynamic assessment and fasting venous blood samples, ...
Sperandei Sandro - - 2009
The purpose of this work was to evaluate the activity of the primary motor muscles during the performance of 3 lat pull-down techniques through surface electromyography (EMG). Twenty-four trained adult men performed 5 repetitions of behind-the-neck (BNL), front-of-the-neck (FNL), and V-bar exercises at 80% of 1 repetition maximum. For each ...
Piitulainen Harri - - 2009
Experiments were carried out to determine whether the location of electrodes has an effect on eccentric exercise-induced changes in surface electromyography (sEMG) variables in the biceps brachii muscle. sEMG signals were recorded with a grid of 64 electrodes before and up to 4 days post-exercise. Root mean square (RMS) and ...
Lauritzen Fredrik - - 2009
Eccentric muscle actions are associated with ultrastructural changes. The severity and types of change depend on the nature of the stimulation protocol, and on the method for assessing such changes, and can be regarded as a continuum from mild changes to pathological-like changes. Most studies describing more severe changes have ...
Kamandulis S - - 2010
AIM: Unaccustomed physical exercise with a large eccentric component is accompanied by muscle damage and impaired contractile function, especially at low stimulation frequencies. A repeated bout of eccentric exercise results in less damage and improved recovery of contractile function. Here we test the hypotheses that (1) a prior stretch-shortening cycle ...
Philippou A - - 2009
Muscular adaptation which occurs following eccentric exercise-induced muscle damage has been associated with changes in the mechanical properties of muscle manifested as a shift in the length-tension relationship towards longer muscle lengths. However, it is not clear whether this shift is a long term adaptation to eccentric exercise. The purpose ...
Parr Jeffrey J - - 2009
Rehabilitation protocols involving eccentric resistance exercise performed with loading more than 100% concentric 1-repetition maximum are effective in increasing muscle function in both healthy and injured populations. The mode of eccentric exercise (isokinetic versus isotonic) may be an important factor in limiting symptoms of delayed-onset muscle soreness and in improving ...
Wong Emmy K L - - 2009
To establish the isokinetic strength profiles and work ratios of the shoulder internal and external rotators in sport climbers and to compare them with these profiles and ratios in nonclimbers. We hypothesized that the strength profiles of the shoulder rotators were different between sport climbers and nonclimbers. Cross-sectional study. Exercise ...
Umbel Jonathan D - - 2009
We performed two experiments to describe the magnitude of delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS) associated with blood flow restriction (BFR) exercise and to determine the contribution of the concentric (CON) versus eccentric (ECC) actions of BFR exercise on DOMS. In experiment 1, nine subjects performed three sets of unilateral knee extension ...
Dieli-Conwright Christina M - - 2009
Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is used in postmenopausal women to relieve symptoms of menopause and prevent osteoporosis. We sought to evaluate changes in mRNA expression of key myogenic factors in postmenopausal women taking and not taking HRT following a high-intensity eccentric resistance exercise. Fourteen postmenopausal women were studied and included ...
Slater Helen - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate mechanical sensitivity responses at the lateral elbow to repeated weekly bouts of low load exercise in healthy subjects. Thirteen young men (n=6) and women participated in 4 weeks of exercise. Arms were randomly allocated to an eccentric-only exercise protocol (ECC: 5 sets ...
Leal Junior Ernesto Cesar Pinto - - 2009
There is anecdotal evidence that low-level laser therapy (LLLT) may affect the development of muscular fatigue, minor muscle damage, and recovery after heavy exercises. Although manufacturers claim that cluster probes (LEDT) maybe more effective than single-diode lasers in clinical settings, there is a lack of head-to-head comparisons in controlled trials. ...
Meyer A - - 2009
Eccentric exercises for the calf muscles have been shown to be effective for chronic non-insertional Achilles tendinopathy (AT). However, the relative effectiveness of various dosages is unknown. A systematic review of randomized-controlled trials (RCTs) was designed to determine whether an optimum dose of eccentric exercises could be recommended. Three selected ...
Dieli-Conwright Christina M CM Division of Biokinesiology and Physical Therapy, Clinical Exercise Research Center, USC/Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, - - 2009
Hormone therapy (HT) is a potential treatment to relieve symptoms of menopause and prevent the onset of disease such as osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. We evaluated changes in markers of exercise-induced skeletal muscle damage and inflammation [serum creatine kinase (CK), serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and skeletal muscle mRNA expression of ...
Sussai Daniela Aparecida - - 2010
Studies suggest that high-intensity physical exercise can cause damage to skeletal muscles, resulting in muscle soreness, fatigue, inflammatory processes and cell apoptosis. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on a decrease in creatine kinase (CK) levels and cell apoptosis. Twenty male ...
Samani Afshin - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The aim of this laboratory study was to investigate the effects of eccentric exercises on the trapezius muscle spatial electromyographic (EMG) activity during computer work with active and passive pauses. METHODS: Twelve healthy male subjects performed computer work with passive (relax) and active (30% maximum voluntary contraction of shoulder ...
Paulsen G - - 2009
The aims of this study were to investigate the sarcomeric accumulation and expression of heat shock proteins (HSPs) after two bouts of maximal eccentric exercise. Twenty-four subjects performed two bouts of 70 maximal voluntary eccentric actions using the elbow flexors in one arm. The bouts were separated by 3 wk. ...
Dibble Leland E - - 2009
Persons with Parkinson disease (PD) often demonstrate bradykinesia during mobility tasks. Bradykinesia combined with other PD-related movement deficits may contribute to self-reported reductions in quality of life. At this time, no studies have examined the effects of resistance exercise as an intervention to reduce bradykinesia and improve self-reported quality of ...
Uehara Masashi - - 2009
A 68-year-old woman with a 4 year history of bronchial asthma developed marked myalgia in the extremities following exercise to which she was unaccustomed. Examination on admission, 11 days after onset, revealed myalgia, muscular weakness and cutaneous hemorrhagic bullae. Blood tests revealed eosinophilia (9160/mm(3)) and elevation of creatinine kinase and ...
Paulsen G - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 inhibitor on the recovery of muscle function, inflammation, regeneration after, and adaptation to, unaccustomed eccentric exercise. Thirty-three young males and females participated in a double-blind, placebo-controlled experiment. Seventy unilateral, voluntary, maximal eccentric actions with the elbow ...
Costa A - - 2009
In animal models, unaccustomed eccentric exercise (EE) has been widely related to muscle fiber membrane (sarcolemma) damage. On the contrary, studies in humans reported that sarcolemma was not susceptible to damage following a single bout of EE. We hypothesized that the single bout of EE used by those studies was ...
Timon R - - 2009
High intensity strength training causes changes in steroid hormone concentrations. This could be altered by the muscular contraction type: eccentric or concentric. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of the completion of a short concentric (CON) and concentric/eccentric (CON/ECC) trial on the urinary steroid profile, both ...
Seo Philip - - 2009
Current measures of damage in vasculitis do not account for the possibility that some forms of damage may exert greater impact than others. As part of an international effort to revise how damage is quantified in vasculitis clinical research, an exercise was performed to measure expert ratings of damage items. ...
Pantoja Patrícia D - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of resistance exercise in water and on land on blood levels of creatine kinase (CK), a known indirect marker of muscle damage. Nine men (age: 23 +/- 1.58 years; weight: 79.37 +/- 11.15 kg; height: 176.33 +/- 4.09 cm), who ...
Fortier Sylvie - - 2010
The objective of this study was to determine which type of repetitive muscle contractions induces a greater acute impairment of elbow position sense. Eleven male subjects participating in the study underwent (i) an exercise task (ET) consisting of 9 sets of 10 voluntary isometric, concentric, or eccentric contractions randomly performed ...
MacIntyre, Donna Lee
The three primary purposes of these studies were to 1) characterize the time course and the relationships among delayed onset muscle soreness, eccentric muscle torque, serum creatine phosphokinase and urinary hydroxyproline in response to two exercise durations; 2) to examine whether there was increased presence of leukocytes in the exercised ...
Paschalis V - - 2010
The aim was to compare lean and overweight females in regard to the effects of eccentric exercise on muscle damage indices, resting energy expenditure (REE) and respiratory quotient (RQ) as well as blood lipid and lipoprotein profile. Lean and overweight females (deviated by their body mass index) performed an eccentric ...
Jakeman J R - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a single bout of cold-water immersion on recovery from exercise-induced muscle damage. Eighteen physically active female volunteers (age 19.9 (+/-0.97 years), height 1.66 (+/-0.05 m), mass 63.7 (+/-10 kg), completed 10 sets of 10 counter-movement jumps to induce muscle ...
Chiang Jasson - - 2009
Honokiol, a bioactive component isolated from the Chinese herb Magnolia officinalis, is known for its potent antioxidative and anti-inflammatory effects. To study whether honokiol can protect skeletal muscle from sports injuries, we set up an eccentric exercise bout protocol for rats consisting of downhill running on a treadmill and examined ...
Chen Trevor C - - 2009
Since little is known about the repeated bout effect of more than two eccentric exercise bouts, this study compared muscle damage responses among four exercise bouts. Fifteen young (21.8 +/- 1.9 years) men performed four bouts of 30 maximal isokinetic eccentric contractions of the elbow flexors every 4 weeks. Maximal ...
Tartibian Bakhtiar - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of ingestion of omega-3 on perceived pain and external symptoms of delayed onset muscle soreness after eccentric exercise in knee extensors. DESIGN: A randomized, double-blinded, repeated measures design was used for this study. SETTING: The study was performed in ...
Barnes Matthew J - - 2010
This study investigated the effects of acute moderate alcohol intake on muscular performance during recovery from eccentric exercise-induced muscle damage. Eleven healthy males performed 300 maximal eccentric contractions of the quadriceps muscles of one leg on an isokinetic dynamometer. They then consumed a beverage containing 1g/kg bodyweight ethanol (as vodka ...
Allison G T - - 2009
The prescription of eccentric loading is considered as a mainstay of non-operative rehabilitation programmes for mid-substance chronic Achilles tendinopathy. Such exercises have some degree of clinical utility in comparison with concentric training and are often referred to as a strengthening programme. Yet the dose parameters of the eccentric loading do ...
Mack, Rana L.
The purpose of this study was two fold: 1) to determine the effectiveness of topical ibuprofen versus oral ibuprofen and a placebo in the treatment of an inflammatory condition, delayed onset muscle soreness and 2) to determine the ibuprofen plasma concentrations following topical administration as compared to orally. Thirty female ...
Clark, JR; ;
Objective. To determine the effect of short-term creatine supplementation plus a protein-carbohydrate formula on high-intensity exercise performance and recovery. Design. A repeated-measures, experimental study, employing a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, group comparison design was used. Interventions. Thirty active but not sprint-trained male subjects were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 groups: ...
Butterfield Timothy A - - 2009
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that stretch-activated ion channel (SAC) function is essential for the repeated bout effect (RBE) in skeletal muscle. Specifically, we investigated if daily injections of streptomycin (a known SAC blocker) would abrogate the muscle's adaptive resistance to the damaging effects ...
Pafili Zoe K - - 2009
PURPOSE: There is evidence to suggest that muscle damage caused by resistance exercise (RE) may increase postprandial lipemia (PPL). This study examined PPL for two consecutive days after a protocol of low-volume eccentric RE that caused muscle damage. METHODS: Nine healthy, untrained male volunteers aged 27.2 +/- 1.1 yr performed ...
Jassal D S - - 2009
An elevation of cardiac injury markers including creatinine kinase (CK), myoglobin (Myo) and cardiac troponin T (cTnT) has been observed in elite athletes following strenuous exercise. The mechanism and significance of this observation however have not been fully elucidated. The goals of this study were: 1) to determine whether these ...
Gibson William W Laboratory for Experimental Pain Research, Department of Health Science and Technology, Center for Sensory-Motor Interaction, Aalborg University, Fredrik Bajers Vej 7D-3, 9220, Aalborg, Denmark. - - 2009
Mechanisms and structures which are involved in eccentric exercise-induced delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) are not yet clarified. Tissue and site specificity may be important considerations in afferent sensitisation following eccentric exercise. This study investigated the nociceptive response to hypertonic sodium solution applied to fascial/epimysium tissue and mechanically sensitised sites ...
Dehoney Sarah - - 2009
PURPOSE: A case of rhabdomyolysis associated with the use of Hydroxycut is reported. SUMMARY: An 18-year-old Caucasian man arrived at an urgent care center complaining of bilateral leg pain and weakness. His creatine kinase (CK) concentration was 13,220 IU/L. He was diagnosed with rhabdomyolysis and instructed to go to the ...
Philippou Anastassios - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Muscle adaptation which occurs following eccentric exercise-induced muscle damage has been associated with an acute inflammatory response. The purpose of this study was to investigate serum interleukin-6 (IL-6), osteoprotegerin and receptor activator of nuclear factor kB ligand (OPG/RANKL) concentrations following muscle damage. We measured changes for several days following ...
Udani Jay K - - 2009
Delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) is muscle pain and discomfort experienced approximately one to three days after exercise. DOMS is thought to be a result of microscopic muscle fiber tears that occur more commonly after eccentric exercise rather than concentric exercise. This study sought to test the efficacy of a ...
Robson-Ansley Paula - - 2009
Strenuous, prolonged exercise increases interleukin-6 (IL-6) release. The effect of IL-6 is dependent on the availability of IL-6 receptors. Few studies have addressed the impact of exercise on IL-6 receptor levels or procalcitonin (PCT), an indicator of systemic inflammation. Changes in these molecules may give insight into cytokine-related mechanisms underlying ...
Falvo Michael J MJ Program in Physical Therapy, Washington University School of Medicine, Campus Box 8502, 4444 Forest Park Ave., Saint Louis, MO 63108, USA. - - 2009
A prior bout of exercise is well known to confer protection from subsequent eccentric bouts (i.e. repeated bout effect; RBE), which may be fostered through neural adaptations, specifically a shift in the frequency content of the surface electromyogram (EMG). It is currently not clear whether chronically resistance trained men are ...
Howatson Glyn - - 2009
The aim of this investigation was to elucidate the effects of cold water immersions (CWIs) following damaging exercise on the repeated bout effect (RBE). Sixteen males performed two bouts of drop jump exercise separated by 14-21 days. Participants were equally, but randomly assigned to either a CWI (12-min CWI at ...
Vissing K - - 2009
AIM: This study hypothesized that heat shock protein (HSP) translocation and upregulation is more probable to occur after eccentric exercise than after concentric exercise or repeated eccentric exercise. METHODS: Fourteen young, healthy, untrained male subjects completed two bench-stepping exercise bouts with 8 weeks between bouts, and were compared with a ...
Gerber J Parry - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The authors previously reported that focused eccentric resistance training during the first 15 weeks following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACL-R) induced greater short-term increases in muscle volume, strength, and measures of function relative to standard rehabilitation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of ...
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