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Collier S R SR Vascular Biology and Autonomic Studies Laboratory, Department of Health Leisure and Exercise Science, Appalachian State University, Boone, NC, - - 2014
Obesity-related hypertension is associated with increased activity of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS), increasing arterial stiffness. Aerobic exercise decreases pulse wave velocity (PWV), therefore a treatment option for hypertension and obesity. Assess RAAS activity and PWV before and after 4 weeks of aerobic training in unmedicated, pre-to-stage-1 hypertensives. Ten obese subjects ...
Tofé E - - 2013
The influence of hydration prior to exercise on hormonal response to exercise was investigated in horses, divided into two groups, control (n=11) and dehydrated (n=53). They were also classified according to their body weight in A (⩽350kg), B (351-450kg) and C (⩾451kg). Horses covered 60m on a track pulling a ...
Deschamps Thibault - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The current experiment investigated the impact of two potential confounding variables on the postural balance in young participants: the induced-experimental activity prior to the static postural measurements and the well-documented time-of-day effects. We mainly hypothesized that an exhaustive exercise and a high attention-demanding task should result in alterations of ...
Femminella Grazia D GD Department of Translational Medical Sciences, University of Naples Federico II Naples, - - 2013
Thanks to diagnostic and therapeutic advances, the elderly population is continuously increasing in the western countries. Accordingly, the prevalence of most chronic age-related diseases will increase considerably in the next decades, thus it will be necessary to implement effective preventive measures to face this epidemiological challenge. Among those, physical activity ...
Mathers Jessica L - - 2012
Introduction and Methods: This study compared changes in myokine and myogenic genes following resistance exercise (3 sets of 12 repetitions of maximal unilateral knee extension) in 20 elderly men (67.8 ± 1.0 years) and 15 elderly women (67.2 ± 1.5 years). Results: Monocyte chemotactic protein (MCP)-1, macrophage inhibitory protein (MIP)-1β, ...
Santos R V T - - 2012
Aging causes several physiological alterations, including alterations in sleep. It is possible that difficulty sleeping can be exacerbated by increased inflammation in older individuals. Moderate exercise training may be a modality of non-pharmacological treatment for sleep disorders and inflammation. We aimed to assess the effects of moderate exercise training on ...
Venturelli Massimo - - 2012
Ageing is a continuum of biological processes characterized by progressive adaptations which can be influenced by both genetic and physiological factors. In terms of human maturation, physically and cognitively functional centenarians certainly represent an impressive example of successful healthy ageing. However, even in these unique individuals, with the passage of ...
Chen Po-Yin - - 2012
Declined balance functions have adverse effects on elderly population. Lower limbs muscle power training is currently an emerging concept in rehabilitation on individuals with decreased balance and mobility. In this prospective, controlled study, we used a human-computer interactive video-game-based rehabilitation device (LLPR) for training of lower limb muscle power in ...
Haykowsky Mark J - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the mechanisms for improved exercise capacity after endurance exercise training (ET) in elderly patients with heart failure and preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF). Exercise intolerance, measured objectively by reduced peak oxygen consumption (VO(2)), is the primary chronic symptom in HFPEF and is improved ...
Tieland Michael - - 2012
Protein supplementation has been proposed as an effective dietary strategy to augment the skeletal muscle adaptive response to prolonged resistance-type exercise training in elderly people. Our objective was to assess the impact of protein supplementation on muscle mass, strength, and physical performance during prolonged resistance-type exercise training in frail elderly ...
Layec Gwenael G Department of Medicine, Division of Geriatrics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA. - - 2013
Impaired O2 transport to skeletal muscle potentially contributes to the decline in aerobic capacity with aging. Thus, we examined whether (1) skeletal muscle oxidative capacity decreases with age and (2) O2 availability or mitochondrial capacity limits the maximal rate of mitochondrial ATP synthesis in vivo in sedentary elderly individuals. We ...
Guirado Gabriel N - - 2012
Aging is associated with changes in cardiac structure and function that are associated with left ventricular diastolic dysfunction. Whether diastolic functional alterations during senescence are manifestations of the intrinsic aging process or related to cardiac adaptations to a more sedentary lifestyle is still unsettled. This was a prospective study evaluating ...
Coelho Flávia Gomes de Melo - - 2012
The objective of this study was to conduct a systematic review of studies that analyzed the effect of physical exercise on the peripheral levels of BDNF in elderly individuals. METHOD: We conducted a search in PsycINFO, Biological Abstracts, Pubmed, Web of Science, and Science Direct from 1990 to 2011, using ...
Alves E S - - 2012
Aging and physical inactivity are 2 factors that favour the development of cardiovascular disease, metabolic syndrome, obesity, and diabetes. In contrast, adopting a habitual moderate exercise routine may be a nonpharmacological treatment alternative for neuroendocrine aging disorders. We aimed to assess the effects of moderate exercise training on the metabolic ...
Sung Kiwol - - 2012
The present study examined the effects of a regular walking exercise program on behavioral (daily physical activity, physical strength, energy consumption) and biochemical (fasting blood glucose [FBG], glycated hemoglobin [HbA1c], total cholesterol, triglycerides [TG], low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) aspects of elderly people with type II diabetes. A ...
Hirosaki Mayumi - - 2013
To examine the effects of a once-weekly laughter and exercise program on physical and psychological health among elderly people living in the community. As a regular exercise program can be difficult to maintain, we provided a more enjoyable program to enhance adherence to exercise. A total of 27 individuals aged ...
Ozasa Neiko - - 2012
Background: Conventional exercise training (ET) for elderly patients with heart failure (HF) includes low-intensity stretching and gait training. The effects of 2 types of low-intensity ET - machine-assisted cycling and conventional ET - on exercise capacity and endothelial function of elderly patients with HF was investigated in the present study. ...
Steppan Jochen - - 2012
Advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) initiate cellular inflammation and contribute to cardiovascular disease in the elderly. AGE can be inhibited by Alagebrium (ALT), an AGE cross-link breaker. Moreover, the beneficial effects of exercise on aging are well recognized. Thus, we investigated the effects of ALT and exercise (Ex) on cardiovascular function ...
Simão Adriano P - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of squat exercises combined with whole-body vibration on the plasma concentration of inflammatory markers and the functional performance of elderly individuals with knee osteoarthritis. DESIGN: Clinical, prospective, randomized, single-blinded study. SETTING: Exercise Physiology Laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-two elderly subjects with knee osteoarthritis were divided into three ...
Haykowsky Mark J MJ Faculty of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, - - 2013
Older heart failure patients with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) have severely reduced exercise capacity and quality of life. Both brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD) and peak exercise oxygen uptake (peak VO(2)) decline with normal aging. However, uncertainty remains regarding whether FMD is reduced beyond the degree associated with normal aging ...
Mador M Jeffery - - 2012
PURPOSE:: Exercise training in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) can be challenging because whole-body exercise often elicits disabling symptoms of dyspnea before the exercising muscles reach their critical limits. The extent that this factor limits training has not been totally defined. The purpose of this study was to ...
Cunha R M - - 2012
The objective of this study was to determine the subacute blood pressure behavior of pharmacologically-treated elderly hypertensive patients after a session of resistance exercise. This was a controlled clinical trial carried out on 30 elderly hypertensive women. The study procedures took place over three days with an interval of 48 ...
Cadore Eduardo Lusa EL Exercise Research Laboratory, Physical Education School, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil. - - 2013
The aim of this study was investigate the effects of different intrasession exercise orders in the neuromuscular adaptations induced by concurrent training in elderly. Twenty-six healthy elderly men (64.7 ± 4.1 years), were placed into two concurrent training groups: strength prior to (SE, n = 13) or after (ES, n ...
Simpson Richard J - - 2012
Aging is associated with a decline in the normal functioning of the immune system that is described by the canopy term "immunosenescence". This contributes to poorer vaccine responses and the increased incidence of infection and malignancy seen in the elderly. Regular exercise has been associated with enhanced vaccination responses, lower ...
Stemplewski Rafał - - 2012
The aim of this study was to assess the changes in the postural control (PC) during quiet stance among elderly men with fatigue induced by moderate exercise, and to assess the relationships between changes in PC and somatic indices (body mass index (BMI), waist to hip ratio (WHR)), load during ...
Intiso Domenico - - 2012
The population is getting older. Rehabilitation can play an essential strategic role to counteract impairments and disability which characterize the elderly. Correct rehabilitative programmes have to be approached on the functional limitation and residual abilities of elders. Leading a more active lifestyle and regular physical activity including aerobic and resistance ...
Acharya U Rajendra - - 2012
Data mining techniques are highly useful in the study of various medical signals and images in order to obtain useful information to better predict the diagnosis or prognosis or treatment options for the patient. Study of the human walking pattern helps us understand the variability of motion during activities such ...
Fleg Jerome L - - 2012
A decline in maximal aerobic exercise capacity occurs across the adult age-span, accelerating in later years. This age-associated decline in aerobic capacity is accentuated by superimposed comorbidities common to the elderly such as cardiac, pulmonary, and peripheral artery disease. However, observational and training studies demonstrate significant improvement in peak oxygen ...
Menezes Arthur R - - 2012
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the leading cause of death worldwide and becomes increasingly prevalent among patients aged 65 years and older. Elderly patients are at a higher risk for complications and accelerated physical deconditioning after a cardiovascular event, especially compared to their younger counterparts. The last few decades were ...
Breen Leigh - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The rapid muscle loss that accompanies varying diseased states (cachexia) is due to an imbalance between muscle protein synthesis (MPS) and muscle protein breakdown In the current review, we will discuss and summarize recent evidence in order to provide practical recommendations on exercise and nutrient interventions for ...
Kappagoda Tissa - - 2012
In this review, we will examine the physiological responses to exercise in elderly populations (age > 65 years) with and without evidence of heart failure. Aging per se in both men and women is associated with a ~40% lower maximum oxygen consumption in sedentary subjects. In trained individuals, this value is 25-32% lower. ...
Yang Yifan - - 2012
Feeding stimulates robust increases in muscle protein synthesis (MPS); however, ageing may alter the anabolic response to protein ingestion and the subsequent aminoacidaemia. With this as background, we aimed to determine in the present study the dose-response of MPS with the ingestion of isolated whey protein, with and without prior ...
Panayiotou G - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of a repeated bout of eccentric exercise on health-related parameters and muscle performance on subjects undergoing atorvastatin therapy. Twenty-eight elderly men participated in the investigation and were assigned either in a control (n = 14) or in a statin therapy group ...
Burd Nicholas A - - 2012
We aimed to determine the effect of consuming pure isolated micellar casein or pure whey protein isolate on rates of myofibrillar protein synthesis (MPS) at rest and after resistance exercise in elderly men. Healthy elderly men (72 (sem 1) years; BMI 26·4 (sem 0·7) kg/m2) were divided into two groups (n ...
Wolf Megan R - - 2012
Previous research has shown reduced tissue disruption and inflammatory responses in women as compared to men following acute strenuous exercise. While the mechanism of this action is not known, estrogen may reduce the inflammatory response through its interaction with granulocytes. The purpose of this study was to determine if estrogen ...
Lu Xi - - 2012
Background: Exercise which can improve muscle strength while not compromising arterial compliance is especially needed for older adults. Tai Chi practitioners are known to have better than average arterial compliance and muscle strength. This study was designed to establish a cause and effect relationship between Tai Chi training and both ...
Maciaszek Janusz - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of 18-week Tai Chi training on body balance in a dynamic trial among elderly men with dizziness. The study covered subjects aged 60 to 80 years. We identified 40 men who reported a history of dizziness. The subjects were recruited ...
Yang Yifan - - 2012
Increased amino acid availability stimulates muscle protein synthesis, however, aged muscle appears less responsive to the anabolic effects of amino acids when compared to the young. We aimed to compare changes in myofibrillar protein synthesis (MPS) in elderly men at rest and after resistance exercise following ingestion of different doses ...
Garcia Jaime A - - 2012
Falls are the leading cause of disability, injuries or even death among older adults. Exercise programmes that include a balance component reduce the risk of falling by 40%. However, such interventions are often perceived as boring and drop-out rates are high. The characteristics of videogames may overcome this weakness and ...
Kemmler Wolfgang - - 2012
The most effective physiologic mean to prevent sarcopenia and related muscle malfunction is a physically active lifestyle, or even better, physical exercise. However, due to time constraints, lack of motivation, or physical limitations, a large number of elderly subjects are either unwilling or unable to perform conventional workouts. In this ...
Cooper Robert - - 2012
Creatine is one of the most popular and widely researched natural supplements. The majority of studies have focused on the effects of creatine monohydrate on performance and health; however, many other forms of creatine exist and are commercially available in the sports nutrition/supplement market. Regardless of the form, supplementation with ...
Simar D - - 2012
Objective: To investigate the effect of aerobic training in the context of antioxidant supplementation on systemic oxidative stress and leukocytes heat shock protein (Hsp)72 expression in the elderly. Design: Sixteen septuagenarians (8 males and 8 females, mean age 74.6) were supplemented with Vitamin C and E (respectively 500 and 100mg ...
Alfieri Fábio Marcon - - 2012
The objective of this study was to analyze the efficacy of multisensory versus muscle strengthening to improve postural control in healthy community-dwelling elderly. We performed a single-blinded study with 46 community-dwelling elderly allocated to strength (GS, n = 23; 70.18 ± 4.8 years 22 women and 1 man) and multisensory ...
Pereira Daniele S - - 2012
Aging is associated with chronic low-grade inflammatory activity with an elevation of cytokine levels. An association between regular physical activity and reduction of blood levels of anti-inflammatory cytokines is demonstrated in the literature pointing to an anti-inflammatory effect related to exercise. However, there is no consensus regarding which type of ...
Fleuren Margot A H - - 2012
The Functional Task Exercise programme is an evidence-based exercise programme for elderly people living at home. It enhances physical capacity with sustainable effects. FTE is provided by physiotherapists and remedial therapists. Although the intervention was found to be effective in a Randomised Controlled Trial, we may not assume that therapists ...
van Mourik Yvonne Y Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary care, University Medical Center Utrecht, PO box 85500, Stratenum 6,131, 3508, AB, Utrecht, the Netherlands. - - 2012
Exercise reduced tolerance and breathlessness are common in the elderly and can result in substantial loss in functionality and health related quality of life. Heart failure (HF) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are common underlying causes, but can be difficult to disentangle due to overlap in symptomatology. In addition, ...
Yokoyama Shigeki - - 2012
We investigated the effects of the Core Conditioning exercises (CC) using the Stretch Pole. We hypothesized that thoracic expansion difference is better improved by CC with the Stretch Pole than CC without it. Participants were 14 healthy middle-aged and elderly females. Participants were randomly allocated to CC with the stretch ...
Woods Jeffrey A - - 2012
Aging results in chronic low grade inflammation that is associated with increased risk for disease, poor physical functioning and mortality. Strategies that reduce age-related inflammation may improve the quality of life in older adults. Regular exercise is recommended for older people for a variety of reasons including increasing muscle mass ...
Bound N J - - 2011
The aim of this questionnaire-based retrospective study was to ascertain veterinary practitioners in the British Isles' approaches to osteoarthritis in dogs. The Mann-Whitney U test, Kruskal-Wallis test and multiple ordinal logistic regression were used to compare demographic data with treatment options. Questionnaires were returned by 228 practitioners (a response rate ...
Iwamoto Jun - - 2011
Osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee is the most common type of arthritis and the major cause of chronic musculoskeletal pain and mobility disability in the elderly. The objective of this paper is to discuss the effectiveness of exercise for OA of the knee based on a review of the literature. ...
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