Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 923
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Whiting D A - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Diffuse loss of scalp hair is a common problem in middle-aged women. A segment of these cases represents idiopathic chronic telogen effluvium (CTE). OBJECTIVE: The purpose was to establish distinctive clinical and pathologic criteria for the diagnosis of CTE to facilitate its differentiation from androgenetic alopecia (AGA) and systemic ...
Hamasaki S - - 1996
With the goal of improving the prediction of restenosis after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA), we evaluated the usefulness of the delta ST/delta heart rate (HR) index derived from serial exercise treadmill tests. Exercise treadmill tests were performed by 125 patients with single-vessel coronary artery disease before and several days ...
Yamakado T - - 1996
BACKGROUND: We investigated whether exercise-induced coronary spasms are influenced by the different exercise modes. METHODS: We compared ischaemic ECG responses in 67 patients with vasospastic angina who underwent both treadmill and bicycle ergometer exercise and also coronary angiography. RESULTS: ECG ST-segment elevation was provoked more frequently during treadmill exercise than ...
Lehtinen R - - 1996
In this comparative cross-sectional study, we evaluated whether a novel computerized diagnostic variable, ST-segment depression/heart rate ST/HR analysis during both the exercise and postexercise recovery phases of the exercise electrocardiography (ECG) test, can detect coronary artery disease more accurately than methods using either exercise or recovery phase alone. The study ...
Nagayama M - - 1996
Changes in myocardial lactate metabolism during ramp exercise were investigated through great cardiac vein catheterization in 15 patients with effort angina (EA) and 7 patients with microvascular angina (MVA). The exercise test was performed using a supine bicycle ergometer. Blood samples were obtained from the great cardiac vein (GCV) and ...
Yang H - - 1996
PURPOSE: To review the application of intraoperative computerized ST analysis and its potential impact on postoperative outcomes. SOURCE: Existing anaesthesia and cardiology literature. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Computerized ST analysis was introduced into the operating room using exercise electrocardiographic (ECG) systems. In spite of sophisticated algorithms, errors do occur. Downsloping or horizontal ...
Alexopoulos D - - 1996
Brief hyperventilation is occasionally accompanied by repolarization abnormalities in subjects without apparent heart disease. However, the effect of prolonged hyperventilation on repolarization abnormalities is not clearly defined. We analysed the repolarization abnormalities induced by prolonged hyperventilation, correlated with hyperventilation induced haemodynamic changes and exercise test results and assessed the effect ...
Tomai F - - 1996
The warm-up phenomenon, described in patients with coronary artery disease, refers to the improved performance following a first exercise test. The aim of this study was to investigate the causes of the warm-up phenomenon. Fifteen patients with coronary artery disease and positive exercise test were enrolled. Patients were off treatment ...
Kim D Y - - 1996
A primary extranodal lymphosarcoma causing recurrent-episodes of dyspnea and exercise intolerance is described in a 13-year-old cat. The affected segment of the tracheal wall was markedly thickened due to transmural infiltration of monomorphic neoplastic lymphoid cells and the lumen was severely compressed. The diagnosis was based on light microscopic studies, ...
Duch B U - - 1996
The aim was to study the passive biomechanical wall properties in the isolated duodenum, jejunum and ileum of the rat. The organ bath contained a Krebs-Ringer solution with 10(-2) M MgCl2 to abolish smooth muscle contractile activity. Stepwise inflation of an intraluminal balloon, in which the cross-sectional area (CSA) was ...
Takase B - - 1996
HYPOTHESIS: This study was undertaken to investigate the effect of nipradilol on the total ischemic burden and on plasma levels of beta-endorphin and bradykinin. METHODS: Sixteen patients with chronic stable angina were subjected to exercise treadmill testing and 24-h ambulatory electrocardiogram (ECG). RESULTS: Nipradilol significantly decreased both mean heart rate ...
Diaz C F - - 1996
Exercise-induced electrocardiographic (ECG) changes are the most widely recognized noninvasive means for detecting myocardial ischemia. The specificity of these changes depends on the normalcy of the resting ECG. Right ventricular pacing produces major QRS and ST-T changes very similar to those of complete left bundle-branch block. They alter the resting ...
Lehtinen R - - 1996
The ST-segment depression/heart rate (ST/HR) analysis has been found to improve the diagnostic accuracy of the exercise ECG test in detecting myocardial ischemia. Recently, three different continuous diagnostic variables based on the ST/HR analysis have been introduced; the ST/HR slope, the ST/HR index and the ST/HR hysteresis. The latter utilises ...
Okin P M - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: We sought to assess the effect of heart rate adjustment of ST segment depression on risk stratification for the prediction of death from coronary artery disease. BACKGROUND: Standard analysis of the ST segment response to exercise based on a fixed magnitude of horizontal or downsloping ST segment depression has ...
Gramatté T - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relevance of site-dependent small intestinal absorption for incomplete intestinal absorption of the poorly metabolized beta 1-adrenergic receptor antagonist talinolol. METHODS: The intestinal steady-state perfusion technique (triple lumen tubing system with a 30 cm test segment) for intraluminal measurements was combined with simultaneous determination of talinolol serum ...
Zamarra J W - - 1996
Twenty-one patients with documented coronary artery disease were tested at baseline by exercise tolerance testing, and assigned to either stress reduction using the Transcendental Meditation (TM) program or to a wait-list control, After 8 months, the TM group had a 14.7% increase in exercise tolerance, an 11.7% increase in maximal ...
Ylitalo K - - 1996
It has been suggested that the myocardium is able to recruit endogenous protective mechanisms in response to repeated ischemia and reperfusion. We set out to study whether this is manifested in patients with coronary artery disease in the form of fewer signs of myocardial ischemia during the second of two ...
Morimoto T - - 1996
Fever induces seizures in infants with febrile convulsions or epilepsy. Hyperpnea induced by fever may contribute to the induction of these seizures. In order to examine this possibility, we evaluated the effect of changes in arterial blood gas tension on hyperthermia-induced seizures in developing rats. Electrical seizure discharges were induced ...
Karlsson J - - 1996
Seven (7) males with effort angina and listed for coronary by-pass surgery had muscle biopsies taken from their vastus lateralis muscle for determination of muscle fiber types (%ST), ubiquinone (vitamin Q, UQ), oxidative and fermentative enzyme activities. Graded cycle ergometer exercise to determine intensities corresponding to onset of blood lactate ...
Petrucci E - - 1996
HYPOTHESIS: Computer processing of the exercise electrocardiogram (ECG) has many advantages, but the reliability of the analysis algorithms is not easily evaluable. No standard annotated database, nor recommended practice for testing and reporting performance results is available: thus, performance evaluation of such devices can be accomplished only by using a ...
Balgos A - - 1996
Sixteen normal, non-smoking first year medical students underwent four standard exercise tests, while cardiovascular (heart rate and blood pressure) and pulmonary (respiratory rate, tidal volume and oxygen consumption) adjustments were being monitored. Maximal exercise level for all tests were defined following the Jones scale. No variation was noted in respiratory ...
Klainman E - - 1996
Cardiopulmonary and radionuclear indices were used to evaluate and compare cardiac function during exercise testing in patients with symptomatic and silent ischemia. The study comprised 58 patients aged 35-74 years, divided into three groups: Group I-20 patients (controls) with neither ST depression nor chest pain; Group II-22 patients with ST ...
Shafik A - - 1996
The electrical pattern of the vas deferens, or electrovasogram (EVG), was studied in 22 healthy volunteers, 20 vasectomy subjects and 18 individuals after vasectomy reversal. Their mean ages were 38.8 +/- 7.3, 44.3 +/- 7.9 and 58.6 +/- 6.6 years, respectively. Two electrodes were applied to the posterior aspect of ...
Klemsdal T O - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: We examined the relationship between tolerance development, counterregulatory responses and arterial vasodilating effects evaluated by digital pulse plethysmography. METHODS: Twenty patients with stable angina pectoris were exercise tested before, after 2 and after 24 h of open nitrate patch treatment. RESULTS: The effects observed after 2 h of treatment ...
Manninen S - - 1996
A field survey was performed in eastern Finland, where measured ambient SO2 concentrations were 1.4-3.8 microg m(-3) a(-1) and bulk S deposition 0.17-0.32 g m(-2) a(-1) in 1991-1993. The accumulation of sulphur (S) in needles of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) was studied with XRF, IC and FESEM analyses and ...
Waƛkiewicz J - - 1996
In compass of 1989-1995 all in all 388 dockers were examined, including 136 stevedores, 128 operators of mechanic equipment, 74 hoistmen and 73 retired stevedores. Out of the group of 508 stevedores that in 1989 was selected for the purpose of the study, at the end of 1995 there were ...
Herpin D - - 1995
Within a population of 160 consecutive symptomatic patients who all had undergone catheterization (80 with > or = 1 stenosis > or = 50%), we compared the accuracy of different computerized measurements of the exercise-induced changes in ST-segment: (1) the standard criterion (> or = 0.1 mV flat/downsloping ST depression ...
Dennis C A - - 1995
OBJECTIVES: This study compared exercise and pharmacologic stress testing using arbutamine delivered by a closed-loop device for the detection of coronary artery disease. BACKGROUND: Arbutamine, an agent designed to simulate exercise, has been developed in conjunction with a closed-loop delivery device that modulates the rate of administration on the basis ...
Miyakoda H - - 1995
We studied the causes of exercise-induced ST-segment elevation. Group I consisted of 15 patients with anterior myocardial infarction in the absence of a coronary artery luminal narrowing of 75% or more. Group II consisted of 36 patients with predominantly exertional angina and a luminal narrowing of 90% or more in ...
Lundin P - - 1995
Information from 24-hour monitoring with on-line vectorcardiography, starting immediately after admission, was compared with results from a predischarge exercise test 3-13 days after admission. A total of 169 patients with acute myocardial infarction and 73 patients with unstable angina pectoris were investigated. Patients were followed for 487 +/- 135 days. ...
Sapin P M - - 1995
The authors previously postulated that a markedly downsloping PR-segment might be a marker for exaggerated atrial repolarization waves and demonstrated PR-segment appearance to be an independent predictor of a false positive exercise test. This study was conducted to determine the sensitivity, specificity, and predictive value of markedly downsloping PR-segments for ...
Chaitman B R - - 1995
OBJECTIVES: This report from the Asymptomatic Cardiac Ischemia Pilot (ACIP) study examines differences in the magnitude of reduction of myocardial ischemia as determined by exercise treadmill testing in patients randomized to three different treatment strategies: angina-guided medical therapy, ischemia-guided medical therapy and coronary revascularization. BACKGROUND: No prospective randomized clinical trials ...
Toft E - - 1995
Exercise testing early post AMI was evaluated as a predictor of reinfarction in patients treated with thrombolytics. AMI patients exercise-tested prior to discharge were included in the study (n = 178). The patients were followed for 2.9 +/- 0.9 years (mean +/- 1 SD) for the development of new cardiac ...
Menon R R - - 1995
We report an MRI morphometric study of the posterior segment of the superior temporal gyrus (STG) in twenty young male schizophrenics and their individually matched normal controls. In particular the more posterior segment of STG was examined, since it has been identified as the approximate site of Wernicke's language area ...
Wiederholt M - - 1995
Contractile properties of isolated trabecular meshwork strips have recently been described. In the present paper we characterize the regulation of the outflow pathway in the isolated perfused anterior segment of the bovine eye. Anterior segments of bovine eyes with detached iris, ciliary body and ciliary muscle were perfused at constant ...
Nelson D R - - 1995
Electromyographic (EMG) recordings of the reticulum, abomasal corpus, pyloric antrum and duodenum of six dairy cows with left displacement of the abomasum (LDA) were made in order to substantiate abomasal atony as a prerequisite to abomasal displacement. EMG recordings were made when LDA was present as well as when absent. ...
Parker G - - 1995
Melancholia is most commonly distinguished from non-melancholic depression by the presence of psychomotor disturbance (PMD) and a set of 'endogeneity' symptoms. We examine the capacity of an operationalized clinician-rated measure of PMD (the CORE system) to predict diagnostic assignment to 'melancholic/endogenous' classes by the DSM-III-R and Newcastle systems. Examining a ...
De Bruyne B - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Myocardial fractional flow reserve (FFRmyo) is a functional index of stenosis severity that can be derived from intracoronary pressure measurements performed during maximal vasodilatation. It is defined as the maximal myocardial perfusion during hyperemia in the presence of a stenosis in the epicardial artery expressed as a fraction of ...
Sjöland H - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is generally accepted as effective in relieving patients from angina pectoris, and in improving survival in subgroups. However, subset evaluations of myocardial ischemia and exercise capacity after CABG are scarce. The aim of this study was to determine the outcome of CABG in terms ...
Karlsson J E - - 1995
The additional value of thallium-201 SPECT to a conventional exercise test for the identification of patients with severe coronary lesions was evaluated in 170 men, one month after an episode of unstable coronary artery disease. Severe coronary lesions at coronary angiography--defined as three vessel disease, left main stenosis or proximal ...
Savard G K - - 1995
The effects of exercise training posture on cardiovascular and baroreflex responses to orthostatic challenge were assessed in highly trained cyclists (CT, n = 8) and swimmers (ST, n = 8), and in untrained men (UT, n = 8). CT demonstrated the lowest orthostatic tolerance to lower body negative pressure (LBNP, ...
Okin P M - - 1995
Analysis of the rate-related change in exercise-induced ST segment depression using the exercise ST segment/heart rate slope and ST segment/heart rate index can improve the accuracy of the exercise electrocardiogram (ECG) for the identification of patients with coronary artery disease, recognition of patients with anatomically or functionally severe coronary obstruction ...
Inomata T - - 1995
A 59-year-old man was admitted for evaluation of mild exertional angina in the morning. During graded treadmill exercise stress testing, the patient had reproducibly intermittent chest pains associated with ST-segment elevations in leads II, III and aVF. A baseline coronary angiogram showed a coronary narrowing of 90% in the middle ...
Storkholm J H - - 1995
The aim was to study and compare the passive biomechanical wall properties in the isolated duodenum and distal ileum of the guinea pig in vitro. The organ bath contained a Krebs-Ringer solution with 10(-2) M MgCl2 to abolish smooth muscle contractile activity. Stepwise inflation of an intraluminal balloon, in which ...
Maurer M S - - 1995
The prevalence, characteristics, and prognostic significance of supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) occurring during maximal treadmill exercise testing were examined in 843 male and 540 female asymptomatic volunteers aged 20 to 94 years from the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging who underwent exercise testing a mean of 2.3 times between 1977 and ...
Alperovich A - - 1995
ST-segment elevation during exercise testing is usually indicative of severe proximal coronary artery disease. In this report, the authors describe a patient who underwent exercise stress testing and developed apparent ST elevation in the inferolateral leads. However, noninvasive imaging studies revealed no evidence of myocardial ischemia or other recognized causes ...
Bogaty P - - 1995
The pattern of appearance and disappearance of ST depression on 12-lead electrocardiographic exercise testing in subjects with coronary artery disease (> or = 70% stenosis) and its relation to the severity of disease were prospectively explored in 34 consecutive patients. The first lead to show positivity during exercise also developed ...
Bertolet B D - - 1995
Research protocols often utilize serial exercise testing to examine the efficacy of anti-ischemic therapies. These tests, however, are prone to multiple sources of bias. This investigation sought to determine the influence of varying precordial electrocardiographic (ECG) electrode placement on the detection of exercise-induced ST-segment shifts. Fifteen coronary artery disease patients ...
Londeree B R - - 1995
The purpose of the study was to compare the %VO2max versus %HRmax regression equations developed from data collected during incremental work on six exercise modes: treadmill (T), cycle (C), skier (S), shuffle skier (SS), stepper (ST), and rower (R). Ten active males were habituated to all modes and then performed ...
Tsoukas A - - 1995
This study was undertaken to determine whether adaptations to short-term exercise training after myocardial infarction, could affect the response of heart rate, blood pressure and double product at submaximal workload, and the behavior of electrocardiographic ST segment depression. We studied 60 patients (group A) who underwent a modest level exercise ...
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