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Urso Maria L - - 2005
Age-related sarcopenia inhibits mobility, increasing the risk for developing many diseases, including diabetes, arthritis, osteoporosis, and heart disease. Tissue plasticity, or the ability to regenerate following stress, has been a subject of question in aging humans. We assessed the impact of 10-weeks of resistance training on markers of skeletal muscle ...
Jneid Hani - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Nitroglycerin (NTG) induces delayed preconditioning (PC)-mimetic effects in animal models and in humans during coronary angioplasty. We tested the hypothesis that NTG mitigates ischemia and enhances functional capacity during an exercise tolerance test (ETT) in patients with coronary artery disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-eight patients with stable angina and ...
Aoki Shigeki - - 2005
PURPOSE: Diffusion tensor imaging can evaluate the cerebral white matter quantitatively using fractional anisotropy (FA) and also can extract a certain tract by tractography, but these two have been used separately and not combined. The purpose of this study was to assess the clinical feasibility of ROI analysis using diffusion ...
Das Paul - - 2005
AIMS: The aims of this study were to assess the accuracy of exercise testing in predicting symptom onset within 12 months in patients with asymptomatic aortic stenosis and to establish the criteria that define a positive test. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 125 patients with aortic stenosis [effective orifice ...
Jezior Matthew R - - 2005
ECG changes during exercise stress testing, such as false-positive ST-segment depression and disappearance of the delta wave, are reported in patients with the Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) pattern. We present a case of exercise testing in a 53-year-old man with WPW syndrome with ischemic-appearing ECG changes and normal nuclear stress perfusion study ...
Ho W J - - 2005
This study describes a case of exercise-induced myocardial ischaemia accompanied by complete atrioventricular block (CAVB). A 59-year-old man with major depression, treated with regular imipramine and lithium for 20 years, experienced syncope episodes during exercise. Exercise, testing initially, identified ST depression in the inferior leads, and later found CAVB resulting ...
Kronander Håkan - - 2005
The temporal distribution of the diagnostic information for the detection of coronary artery disease (CAD) provided by exercise-induced electrocardiographic (ECG) ST-segment amplitude changes in different ECG leads in men and women has not been fully investigated. To shed further light in this area, 1877 electrocardiograms selected from 8322 patients undergoing ...
Regan Ciaran - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Depression is common in Alzheimer's disease (AD; 5-35%). It is associated with increased disability, cost of care and carer burden. Exercise is known to be associated with a lower prevalence of depression across the age range but little is known about its relationship to depression in AD. AIMS: To ...
Paraskevaidis Ioannis A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The warm-up phenomenon has been considered to trigger preconditioning. We investigated whether repeated exercise treadmill tests in humans are capable of inducing adaptation to ischemia by triggering both the early and late phase of preconditioning. METHODS: In 25 consecutive patients with stable coronary artery disease, four repeated treadmill tests ...
Williams R I - - 2005
To investigate whether persistent ischaemic dysfunction of the myocardium after dynamic stress can be diagnosed from changes in ultrasonic strain rate and strain. Prospective observational study, with age matched controls. University hospital. 26 patients (23 men, mean (SD) age 58.9 (8.1) years) with coronary artery disease but no infarction and ...
Lanza G A - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the diagnostic and prognostic value of ST segment depression limited to the recovery phase of an exercise stress test, as compared with that of ST segment depression appearing during exercise. SETTING: Exercise stress test laboratory of a university hospital. PATIENTS AND DESIGN: Clinical and angiographic data were ...
Møbjerg N - - 2004
This study deals with the morphology and ultrastructure of the mesonephros in adult caecilians of the species Geotrypetes seraphini. Based on serial sections in paraffin and araldite, nephrons are reconstructed and the cellular characteristics of different nephron segments described. The long and slender mesonephric kidneys of G. seraphini are broadest ...
Ozaydin Mehmet - - 2004
Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome with manifest preexcitation is a common cause of false-positive exercise test results. However, false-positive results are extremely rare without manifest preexcitation. We report a case with intermittent Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome and exercise-induced marked ST depressions in the absence of preexcitation of the QRS complexes. His coronary arteries were normal ...
Bigi Riccardo - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Exercise electrocardiography has limited prognostic accuracy in hypertensives because of unsatisfactory specificity. We prospectively used comparative stress-recovery heart rate-adjusted ST (ST/HR) analysis to predict mortality in a consecutive population of hypertensives with chest pain. METHODS: The stress-recovery index (SRI), defined as the difference between ST/HR areas during exercise and ...
Bjurö Thorvald - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To relate ECG and heart rate (HR) variables during and after exercise testing with the presence of one-, two- or three-vessel disease defined by angiography. DESIGN: Seventy-three male patients with stable angina pectoris and angiographically verified coronary artery disease underwent a maximal exercise test. From 12-lead ECG recordings and ...
Svensbergh Annkristin - - 2004
This study aimed to characterize the ST-recovery loop and assess which range of heart rates (HRs) best discriminates between patients with and without significant coronary artery stenosis. Bicycle exercise tests were undertaken in 44 men and 18 women with coronary artery disease (CAD) and in 59 controls (26 men, 33 ...
Sakuragi Satoru - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Using the exercise ECG for diagnosing coronary artery disease (CAD) is hampered by the occurrence of false-positive (FP) ST-segment depression. Because it is known that the recovery ST-T time-course in CAD differs from that in FP subjects, the ST slope may help discriminate FP from true-positive (TP) results. METHODS ...
Fragasso Gabriele - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Capsaicin has been shown to exert direct vasodilating effects through increased calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) release. However, no data exist on its effect following systemic administration in humans. METHODS: Twelve male patients with stable coronary disease and a persistently positive exercise were selected for study. According to a double ...
Bodegard Johan - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that ST depressions > or =1.0 mm during or post-exercise increase long-term risk of dying from coronary heart disease (CHD), the need for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or the development of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in healthy men. In the present prospective cohort study ...
Ortega-Carnicer Julián - - 2004
The giant R wave syndrome is characterized by giant R wave accompanied by widening of the QRS complex, marked ST segment elevation, QRS axis deviation, and the formation of monophasic QRS-ST complex with obliteration of S wave in leads facing the ischemic zone. This report describes a 65-year-old-man with variant ...
Murray S - - 2004
Neurostimulation, by way of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) and spinal cord stimulation, improves signs and symptoms of myocardial ischaemia, with evidence (from non-randomised studies) that this effect extends beyond the period of stimulation itself ('carry-over' effect). In this randomised controlled trial, 10 patients underwent baseline treadmill-exercise-testing (TET), followed by ...
Ruo Bernice B Section of General Internal Medicine, VA Medical Center, and Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, USA. - - 2004
To examine the association between depressive symptoms and exercise capacity, we performed a cross-sectional study of 944 outpatients with stable coronary artery disease and found that the presence of depressive symptoms was independently associated with poor exercise capacity (<5 MET tasks achieved; adjusted odds ratio 1.8, 95% confidence interval 1.1 ...
Ellison G - - 2004
Two six-week-old intact Welsh terrier littermates, a male and a female, were presented for congenital ventral thoracic wall deformities characterised by noticeable funnel-like depressions of the cranial sternum associated with inversion of the rib cage. No exercise intolerance or cardiac murmurs were noted. Thoracic radiographic examination revealed a significant dorsal ...
Gündel H - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether alexithymia is a risk factor for exacerbation in spasmodic torticollis (ST). METHODS: ST patients (2 x 10) with high vs. low alexithymia scores (mean score on the 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale [TAS-20]=69.2 vs. 28.7) were compared on physiological, motor and subjective responses to a cognitive and ...
Riechman Steven E - - 2004
Genetic influences and endurance exercise have been shown to alter circulating concentrations of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and its sulfated conjugate, DHEAS. We hypothesized that acute resistance exercise (RE) and training (RET) would increase DHEA steroids, and the magnitude of the increase would be influenced by a steroid sulfatase (STS) gene variation. ...
Yosefy Chaim - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: The false positive rate of electrocardiographic exercise testing (ET) for coronary artery disease (CAD) in women ranges from 38 to 67%, using the ST-T changes (ST-T) criteria. The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of QRS duration change criteria with ST-T change criteria during ET. ...
Kountouris Evaggelos - - 2004
Predischarge exercise electrocardiographic testing (PEET) represents a widely accepted clinical tool for prognostic and functional assessment of patients who experience an uncomplicated acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, there are no data suggesting any relation between PEET results and patency status of the infarct-related artery (IRA). The aim of this study ...
Johannsen Sara A - - 2004
Acute colonization of the crop of the domestic turkey by Salmonella enterica serovar typhimurium (ST) was examined. The influences of preharvest probiotic and prebiotic treatment with lactobaccilli and lactose on crop colonization with ST were also investigated. Prior to Salmonella challenge, poults received 2.5% lactose and Lactobacillus acidophilus (1.9 x ...
Ueshima Kenji - - 2004
Symptom-limited cardiopulmonary exercise testing was performed in 37 patients with mitral stenosis (MS) without significant coronary artery stenosis to evaluate factors affecting ST depression in exercise electrocardiograms. The degree of ST depression was not associated with gender or exercise tolerance. The incidence of significant ST depression was higher in the ...
Wo┼║niak-Skowerska Iwona - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Abnormal dispersion of the QT interval (QTd), measured as the interlead variability of QT, reflects an inhomogeneity of ventricular action potentials. In this study we observed both short- and long-term influences of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) on rest and exercise QTd in 64 male patients, having a mean ...
Fallavollita James A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Although electromechanical mapping has been used to assess cardiac physiology, interpretation is dependent upon the spatial variability of endocardial voltage and local shortening in normal and viable dysfunctional myocardium, which is currently unknown. METHODS: NOGA mapping was performed in 13 pigs with an established model of viable dysfunctional myocardium ...
Patel Dharmesh - - 2004
Scant knowledge exists regarding the significance of either additional ST depression in the presence of baseline depression or new stress-induced ST depression in patients with left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy. Accordingly, the purpose of this investigation is to determine whether the appearance and/or severity of ST abnormalities during exercise stress testing ...
Uchikawa Y - - 2004
We carried out a three-dimensional (3-D) vector measurement of exercise-induced magnetocardiograms (MCGs) for normal subjects with a wooden and brass-based bicycle ergometer. MCGs were measured by a 3-D second-order gradiometer connected to 39-channel SQUIDs, which can detect magnetic field components perpendicular to the chest wall (Bz) and tangential to the ...
Alameddine F F - - 2004
Myocardial ischaemia during exercise electrocardiography is usually manifested by ST segment depression or elevation. Transient abnormal Q waves are rare, as Q waves indicate an old myocardial infarction. The case of a patient with exercise induced transient abnormal Q waves is reported. The potential mechanisms involved in the development of ...
Burian Maria - - 2004
Aim of the study was to evaluate anti-ischemic, hemodynamic and neurohumoral effects of bimakalim, a novel selective K(+)-channel opener, in patients with stable angina pectoris and reproducible ST-segment depression. 86 patients with angiographic signs of CAD were involved in two randomised, placebo-controlled, double-blind trials with single high (0.1, 0.3 or ...
Michaelides Andreas P - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The diagnostic ability of exercise testing based on ST-segment changes is low for the detection of restenosis after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) or ischaemia after bypass surgery (CABG). The aim of this study was to improve the diagnostic accuracy of exercise testing in patients with a history of ...
Güler Niyazi - - 2003
BACKGROUND: It was demonstrated that the novel metabolic agent, trimetazidine, could lessen the incidence and severity of angina, whether used in monotherapy or combination. Although the animal studies demonstrated that trimetazidine reduces myocardial infarct size anf improves recovery of mechanic function after ischemia, little is known on the potential benefits ...
Nanke Toshihiko - - 2003
A 57 year old Japanese male with chest oppression due to exercise is presented. This symptom was likely due to effort angina pectoris. Master's double two-step test revealed ischemic ST segment depression on the electrocardiogram, thus, a Tl201 myocardial stress imaging test using a bicycle ergometer was undertaken. Immediately following ...
Dogan Abdullah - - 2003
Coronary artery ectasia (CAE) is a rare form of coronary artery disease. It has previously been shown that nitrate derivatives induce exertional angina in patients with CAE. Furthermore, there is limited data about the effects of other anti-ischemic agents in CAE. The aim of this study was to investigate the ...
Gullestad L - - 2003
AIMS: Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is a potent vasoconstrictor released during sympathetic activation that may be involved in myocardial ischaemia. We examined the effect of a Y1 receptor antagonist on haemodynamic and ischaemic responses to exercise in patients with coronary artery disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: Eighty-two evaluable male patients were included ...
Tartaglia J - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Enhanced external counterpulsation (EECP) has been shown to improve treadmill times and myocardial perfusion. However, improvement in perfusion defects has been demonstrated only in patients exercised to the same cardiac workload on the post-EECP as the pre-EECP stress test. HYPOTHESIS: This study was to determine the effect of EECP ...
Castillo-Moreno Juan A - - 2003
The presence of ST-segment depression on the admission electrocardiogram (ECG) is an important predictor of poor outcome in patients with unstable angina. On the other hand, patients with unstable angina who undergo a low-risk exercise test are supposed to have a favorable prognosis. The objective of the study was to ...
Hatsukami Dorothy K - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Tobacco exposure reduction may be an alternative treatment approach for those tobacco users who are unwilling or unable to quit tobacco use. However, very little information is available on the feasibility of this type of intervention, especially in the area of oral moist snuff tobacco (ST). This pilot study ...
Cosín-Sales Juan - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: We sought to investigate the relationship among C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), clinical characteristics, exercise stress test responses, and ST-segment changes during daily life in patients with typical chest pain and normal coronary angiograms (CPNCA). BACKGROUND: Patients with CPNCA have coronary microvascular endothelial dysfunction and myocardial ischemia. Elevated hs-CRP levels have ...
Stadler Robert W - - 2003
Avoiding inappropriate ICD therapy during supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) while assuring 100% sensitivity for VT/VF remains a challenge. Inappropriate VT/VF therapy during sinus tachycardia (ST) is particularly distressing to the patient because the full sequence of ICD therapies is often delivered. ST or 1:1 atrial tachycardia (AT) with long PR intervals ...
Davis S R - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The parenteral administration of oestradiol acutely protects against exercise-induced myocardial ischaemia in women, but whether this effect is sex-specific is not known. AIMS: The effects of acutely administered conjugated equine oestrogen on exercise-induced myocardial ischaemia in men with established coronary heart disease were investigated in a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind ...
Gawor Zenon - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Our objective was to determine whether adenosine-induced ischemia exerts a delayed cardiac protective effect in patients with stable effort angina ischemic heart disease. MATERIAL/METHODS: The study group was comprised of 32 patients (men) with symptoms of stable effort angina, aged 38-65 years (Group 1), and 18 clinically healthy subjects ...
Hirotani Atsushi - - 2003
Evaluation of possible cardiac complications is essential for safe and effective respiratory rehabilitation of patients with chronic respiratory diseases (CRDs). The aim of this study is to clarify the pathophysiology of electrocardiographic (ECG) changes during exercise and the prevalence of coronary artery disease (CAD) in CRD patients without a history ...
Efrati Shai - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The sensitivity and predictive values of exercise ECG testing using ST-T criteria after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) are low, precluding its routine use for screening for restenosis. The predictive value of QRS duration criteria during exercise testing (ET) ECG after PTCA for future coronary events has not been ...
Arnaout M S - - 2003
PURPOSE OF INVESTIGATION: OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the influence of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (Captopril) on stable demand ischemia in menopausal cardiac female patients. METHODS: In a prospective non-randomized evaluation of the effect of angiotensin converting enzymes inhibitors (ACE-I) (Captopril) on demand myocardial ischemia, 16 ...
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