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Noël Martin - - 2007
Gradual instead of abrupt increases in workload favor a more physiologic response in terms of hemodynamic and gas exchange parameters. Therefore, we investigated whether myocardial ischemia is attenuated with a ramp compared with a standard Bruce exercise protocol in patients with coronary artery disease. We compared electrocardiographic ischemic parameters on ...
Mori Toshifumi - - 2007
PURPOSE: To our experience, ST segment depression is sometimes detected in an exercise electrocardiogram (ECG) test in patients with liver cirrhosis who have no significant coronary stenosis. In this study, the mechanism of ST segment depression in liver cirrhosis was examined using (99m)Tc-methoxy-isobutyl-isonitrile (MIBI) myocardial scintigraphy. METHODS: Six patients with ...
Al-Khalili F - - 2007
AIM: To evaluate the importance of exercise testing (ET) parameters and leisure time physical activity in predicting long-term prognosis in middle-aged women hospitalized for acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS AND RESULTS: Women aged <66 years recently hospitalized for ACS in the Greater Stockholm area in Sweden were recruited. All underwent ...
Sundkvist G M G - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if exercise-induced ST-segment depression without typical angina pectoris is related to increases in sympatho-adrenal activity or beta-adrenoceptor sensitivity. PATIENTS: Thirteen patients (four men) aged 35-62 years with ST-segment depression during exercise but atypical symptoms and normal myocardial scintigraphy, and 13 matched controls. DESIGN AND INTERVENTIONS: Patients and ...
Otsuki Takeshi - - 2007
The left ventricle morphologically adapts to endurance exercise training (eccentric cardiac remodeling) and strength exercise training (concentric remodeling). In addition, the acceleration of vagally mediated heart rate (HR) recovery after exercise is one of the functional adaptations of the heart in endurance-trained humans. However, the effect of strength training on ...
Hueb Whady - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Ischemic preconditioning is an increased tolerance to myocardial ischemia during the second of two consecutive exercise tests. ATP-sensitive K(+) channel blockers, such as glinides and sulfonylurea drugs, can induce loss of ischemic preconditioning. This study aimed to investigate the effects of repaglinide, a hypoglycemic agent with an affinity for ...
Ferreira A S Alves - - 2007
This paper deals on the determination of Strychnine, a potent and dangerous pesticide and the analytical procedure is based on the photo-induced chemiluminescence of the pesticide by means of the Multicommutation continuous-flow methodology. Small segments of the pesticide solution were sequentially alternated with segments of the solution for adjusting the ...
Polizos George - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to evaluate the contribution of relative lead strengths to exercise-induced ECG changes (ST depression) to predict the degree of myocardial ischemia as compared to the angiograms. This was accomplished by comparing the magnitude of ST depression to the ST/R ratio. Studies have shown ...
Lindwall Magnus - - 2007
This study investigated the relationship between light and strenuous exercise and depression, as well as gender differences in this relationship, in a representative sample of 860 elderly Swedish suburb-dwelling men and women in age cohorts from 60 to 96 years, drawn from among participants in the Swedish National Aging and ...
Liao Hua-Fang - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate effectiveness of a functional strengthening program, the loaded sit-to-stand (STS) resistance exercise, for children with cerebral palsy (CP). DESIGN: A single-blind, randomized block design. SETTING: STS exercises were carried out at the children's homes. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty children (12 boys, 8 girls; age range, 5-12y) with spastic diplegia ...
Amir Ruthie R Sports Medicine & Rehabilitation Division, Zinman College of Physical Education and Sport Sciences , Wingate, - - 2007
insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2), play a role in aging associated muscle loss. The effect of fitness level on IGF-I and FGF-2 responses to all-out anaerobic exercise in older men was studied. Twenty four healthy older males: 12 higher fit (58 ± 1y) and 12 lower ...
Buehlmeyer Katja K Institute of Public Health Research, Technical University Munich , Munich, - - 2007
The evidence is increasing for a close link between the insulin/insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system and colon cancer prevention by physical exercise. To reveal exercise-induced alterations in colon mucosa, gene expression of IGF-1 and related genes and serum IGF-1 were investigated. Twenty male Wistar rats performed a 12 week voluntary ...
Kwee Anneke - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of ST-changes in the fetal electrocardiogram (ECG) both during normal and abnormal fetal heart (FHR) traces and to study relations with characteristics of pregnancy and delivery. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of 563 FHR+ECG-recordings. ST-changes were counted for all recordings with respect to their FHR pattern. ...
Kim H S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Sildenafil is an inhibitor of type 5 phosphodiesterase. It relaxes or inhibits contraction of smooth muscle by increasing cellular concentrations of cyclic guanosine monophosphate. Multichannel intraluminal impedance manometry/pH allow the precise evaluation of oesophageal bolus transit and acid/non-acid reflux. AIM: To investigate the effect of sildenafil on segmental oesophageal ...
Di Luigi L - - 2006
Puberty influences both the performance and the hormonal responses to exercise-related stress. We evaluated the distribution and the correlation between pubertal characteristics and the salivary cortisol (sC) and testosterone (sT) responses to acute physical exercise in young male athletes (13.4 +/- 2.1 yr, n = 110). The mean pre-exercise nmol ...
Kaoukis Andreas - - 2007
We investigated the relation between R wave amplitude (RWA) and ST depression as well as the presence and extent of reversible ischemia in thallium-201 scanning in patients with known coronary artery disease (CAD) and found that RWA both at rest and during exercise testing (ET) correlates with the magnitude of ...
Cronin Tara H - - 2007
To evaluate the recently introduced Travatan Dosing Aid (TDA) for its accuracy in recording and dispensing eyedrops. The number of eyedrops dispensed with each lever depression and agreement of total number of drops dispensed with that recorded by the device was evaluated in a controlled setting. The TDA correctly recorded ...
Greenstein A - - 2007
We questioned the need for more than one RigiScan recording for accurate assessment of sleep-associated penile erections and determine the necessity of consecutive nightly recordings for valid evaluation of sleep-associated erections. Men complaining of erectile dysfunction (ED) and referred to RigiScan evaluation for the first time participated. Recordings were performed ...
Nostell K - - 2006
REASON FOR PERFORMING STUDY: It is unclear to what extent the physiological response to a standardised treadmill exercise test simulating racing conditions resembles the circulatory and metabolic response observed after a simulated race on a track. OBJECTIVES: To compare the physiological responses of a standardised treadmill exercise test used to ...
Higgins John P - - 2007
Routine exercise testing is frequently ordered to evaluate a patient's cardiovascular performance. The test is more direct and less expensive than imaging technology, and derives valuable information. New variables such as dyspnea and heart rate recovery, as well as integrated scores, provide incremental value to conventional analysis of exercise-induced angina ...
LeWinter Martin M - - 2007
Titin is a giant sarcomeric protein found in both cardiac and skeletal muscle. In the heart, the structure, functions and role of titin in disease have begun to be elucidated over the last decade. Titin's N-terminus is anchored in the Z-disk while C-terminal domains are bound to the thick filament. ...
Bainey Kevin R - - 2006
BACKGROUND: A recent study on exercise testing (ET) suggested that ST-segment changes in the right precordial leads (RPL) may increase its sensitivity substantially. However, this study looked at a highly selected population of patients who all underwent thallium-201 scintigraphy and coronary angiography. The present study evaluated the clinical utility of ...
Goudie A M - - 2006
To review the presentation, treatment and response of those runners from the London Marathon who presented to St Thomas' Hospital with exercise induced hyponatraemia. Observational case series. St Thomas' Hospital, a tertiary hospital situated near the finish line of the 2003 London Marathon. All runners who presented to St Thomas' ...
Dayer Mark J - - 2007
Whole body exercise is followed by a depression of the diaphragm motor evoked potential (MEP). It is unknown whether the change is due to diaphragm activity or whole body exercise. To test the hypothesis that exercise-induced MEP depression was related to diaphragm activity, we performed two experiments. The first examined ...
Extramiana Fabrice - - 2006
BACKGROUND: ST segment elevation in the right precordial leads constitutes the electrocardiogram (ECG) hallmark of Brugada syndrome (BS). This pattern is variable and can be concealed, but the magnitude and the cause of ST segment fluctuations have been poorly investigated. OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to quantify ST changes and to ...
Yoshinaga Keiichiro - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms by which exercise training benefits patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) are unclear but may include improved myocardial circulation. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of exercise training on myocardial blood flow (MBF) and coronary flow reserve (CFR) in patients with stable CAD. ...
Tsai Fausan S - - 2006
We discuss a patient who presented with symptoms classic for variant angina with dramatic 31-mm ST elevation secondary to exercise testing in the chest pain unit, in whom neither myocardial infarction nor severe arrhythmia resulted. Although exercise testing is deemed generally safe, it has not been studied for safety per ...
Lanki Timo - - 2006
Epidemiologic studies have shown that ambient particulate matter (PM) has adverse effects on cardiovascular health. Effective mitigation of the health effects requires identification of the most harmful PM sources. The objective of our study was to evaluate relative effects of fine PM [aerodynamic diameter<or=2.5 microm (PM2.5)] from different sources on ...
Hyun Jong Jin - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Submucosal injection is used to prevent complications, such as perforation, during endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR). Since injection of normal saline produces mucosal elevation of short duration, repeated injection is needed for extensive resection. To overcome this limitation, various submucosal injection solutions have been developed but there are few data ...
Kawasaki Tatsuya - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) sometimes display characteristic electrocardiographic (ECG) findings at rest and develop subendocardial ischemia during exercise in the absence of coronary lesions. However, their relationship has not yet been fully clarified. METHODS: Exercise Tc-99m-tetrofosmin myocardial scintigraphy was performed in 48 patients with non-obstructive HCM. We quantified ...
Gomes Om - - 2006
Based on previous observations of cardioplegic ionic myocardial distress, myocardial stress dyskinesia was investigated as another possible cause of exercise stress testing-induced silent myocardial ischemia by analyzing the efficacy of the myocytic calcium channel blocker diltiazem in normalizing the results of patients who previously tested positive.From October 2004 to February ...
Demura Shinichi - - 2005
Seiza is a Japanese traditional floor sitting style, sitting down with both legs set at about a 180 degree angle and both femurs on both lower legs. We examined the influence of the somatic dysesthesia and decrease in voluntary toe flexion strength (VTF) induced by Seiza on the center of ...
Viik Jari - - 2005
Heart rate (HR) compensation of electrocardiographic (ECG) parameters is not an unique concept. However, in the detection of coronary artery disease (CAD) ST-segment plotted as a function HR has been studied extensively during the last 20 years. In clinical practice quantitative methods are evolved for the exercise phase of the ...
Cauza E - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Although both strength training (ST) and endurance training (ET) seem to be beneficial in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D), little is known about post-exercise glucose profiles. The objective of the study was to report changes in blood glucose (BG) values after a 4-month ET and ST programme now that ...
Dong Ying-Ying - - 2005
BACKGROUND: We investigated effects of hypoxia-reoxygenation (H-R) with and without St. Thomas solution under clinically relevant temperatures and effects of nicorandil on endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF)-mediated relaxation in porcine coronary microarteries. METHODS: In a myograph, rings of porcine microarteries (diameter 200 to 450 microm) were subjected to hypoxia (PO2 < ...
Hulmi Juha J - - 2005
PURPOSE: The effects of protein consumption before strength training session on blood hormones, energy metabolites, RER, and excess postexercise oxygen consumption (EPOC) were examined. METHODS: Ten resistance-trained young men consumed either a 25 g of whey and caseinate proteins (PROT) or a noncaloric placebo (P) in a liquid form 30 ...
De Lorenzo Andrea - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The value of exercise-induced ST-segment depression for the prognostic evaluation of patients with 1 mm of ST depression or greater on the resting electrocardiogram is controversial. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients who underwent exercise myocardial perfusion single photon emission computed tomography (MPS) and had resting ST depression of 1 mm ...
Moretti E W - - 2005
A prospective, randomized, controlled, multi-centre clinical trial was performed to test the effectiveness of an antimicrobial central venous catheter (CVC) made of polyurethane integrated with silver, platinum and carbon black (Vantex). Adults expected to require a CVC for more than 60 h were eligible, and were randomized to receive the ...
Cautero M - - 2005
The breath-by-breath VO2A of five male subjects (21.2 years +/-3.2; 78.8 kg +/-5.9; 179.6 cm +/-5.8) was measured during a cycling exercise. Starting from a 10 W baseline, the subjects performed (i) ON and OFF step transitions (ST-ON; ST-OFF) to 50, 90, and 130 W; (ii) a ramp (R) exercise ...
Nabkasorn Chanudda - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Regular physical exercise may improve a variety of physiological and psychological factors in depressive persons. However, there is little experimental evidence to support this assumption for adolescent populations. We conducted a randomized controlled trial to investigate the effect of physical exercise on depressive state, the excretions of stress hormones ...
Gulati Martha - - 2005
The Duke Treadmill Score (DTS) has been shown to predict mortality in women who have symptomatic heart disease, but its ability to do so in asymptomatic women is unknown, as is its comparative advantage to exercise capacity. We investigated whether a decreased DTS is associated with increased mortality in a ...
Ferreira Beatriz M A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The warm-up phenomenon observed after the second of two sequential exercise tests is characterized by an increased time to ischemia and ischemic threshold, and the latter is related to ischemic preconditioning. Previous studies have demonstrated that a single dose of glibenclamide, a cardiac ATP-sensitive K (K(ATP)) channel blocker, prevents ...
Márquez Manlio F - - 2005
A 37-year-old man with Brugada syndrome and dynamic changes of the ST-segment morphology observed after an episode of aborted sudden death is described. On admission, after 3 syncopal episodes during nighttime, his electrocardiogram showed right bundle branch block (RBBB) with a J-point elevation of 0.6 mV in lead V 2 ...
Gold Diane R - - 2005
Increased levels of daily ambient particle pollution have been associated with increased risk of cardiovascular morbidity. Black carbon (BC) is a measure of the traffic-related component of particles. We investigated associations between ambient pollution and ST-segment levels in a repeated-measures study including 269 observations on 24 active Boston residents 61-88 ...
Bigi Riccardo - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Heart rate-adjusted ST-segment depression (ST/HR) analysis improves the diagnostic accuracy of exercise testing, but its prognostic value has not been evaluated in unselected populations. We prospectively used comparative exercise-recovery ST/HR analysis to predict outcome in a consecutive cohort of outpatients referred for exercise testing. METHODS: The stress-recovery index, defined ...
Urso Maria L - - 2005
Age-related sarcopenia inhibits mobility, increasing the risk for developing many diseases, including diabetes, arthritis, osteoporosis, and heart disease. Tissue plasticity, or the ability to regenerate following stress, has been a subject of question in aging humans. We assessed the impact of 10-weeks of resistance training on markers of skeletal muscle ...
Jneid Hani - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Nitroglycerin (NTG) induces delayed preconditioning (PC)-mimetic effects in animal models and in humans during coronary angioplasty. We tested the hypothesis that NTG mitigates ischemia and enhances functional capacity during an exercise tolerance test (ETT) in patients with coronary artery disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-eight patients with stable angina and ...
Aoki Shigeki - - 2005
PURPOSE: Diffusion tensor imaging can evaluate the cerebral white matter quantitatively using fractional anisotropy (FA) and also can extract a certain tract by tractography, but these two have been used separately and not combined. The purpose of this study was to assess the clinical feasibility of ROI analysis using diffusion ...
Das Paul - - 2005
AIMS: The aims of this study were to assess the accuracy of exercise testing in predicting symptom onset within 12 months in patients with asymptomatic aortic stenosis and to establish the criteria that define a positive test. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 125 patients with aortic stenosis [effective orifice ...
Jezior Matthew R - - 2005
ECG changes during exercise stress testing, such as false-positive ST-segment depression and disappearance of the delta wave, are reported in patients with the Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) pattern. We present a case of exercise testing in a 53-year-old man with WPW syndrome with ischemic-appearing ECG changes and normal nuclear stress perfusion study ...
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