Search Results
Results 651 - 700 of 929
< 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 >
Barry J - - 1987
Patients with coronary artery disease have frequent asymptomatic episodes of ischemic ST-segment depression. A new solid-state recorder that analyzes the digitized electrocardiogram (ECG) in real time has been tested for accuracy in detection and quantitation of these events by comparison with a direct ECG during exercise testing and a frequency-modulated ...
Karnegis J N - - 1987
A treadmill exercise test response may become positive because a diagnostic electrocardiographic ST-segment shift occurred during exercise, or, less often, because it occurred only during the recovery period after exercise had been completed. Factors that may be related to these 2 different responses in subjects enrolled in the Program of ...
Cowan J C - - 1987
This investigation assesses the extent of tolerance development with nitroglycerin patches and whether tolerance might be prevented by overnight patch removal. On commencing therapy, active patches significantly prolonged exercise time (3.5 hours after patch application) in comparison with placebo, with an accompanying reduction in ST-segment depression at maximal common workload. ...
Crea F - - 1987
To assess whether Holter monitoring improves the sensitivity of exercise testing in identifying incomplete myocardial revascularization, both tests were performed in 45 patients from 3 to 5 months after elective coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) for stable angina pectoris. Coronary angiography revealed incomplete revascularization in 26 patients. Six of these ...
Henriksson P - - 1987
The effects of oestrogen therapy and of orchidectomy on coronary status, as reflected by exercise ECG-testing before and after one year of treatment, were assessed in a randomized study of patients (N = 100) with prostatic cancer. Oestrogen was given as polyestradiol phosphate 80 mg i.m. per month in combination ...
Misra M - - 1987
The value of the graded treadmill exercise test was assessed in 19 asymptomatic and minimally symptomatic (13 NYHA class I and 6 NYHA class II) male patients with chronic severe aortic regurgitation. It was observed that, in 2 patients who showed significant ST segment depression at peak exercise, the total ...
Glazier J J - - 1987
In 50 patients with chronic stable angina and in 10 asymptomatic young male volunteers, the behavior of S-wave amplitude was studied during episodes of ischemic ST-segment depression, both induced by exercise testing and occurring during ambulatory electrocardiographic monitoring. With exercise, all patients showed diagnostic ST-segment depression (0.16 +/- 0.05 mV) ...
Carboni G P - - 1987
The relation between heart rate and ischemic ST-segment depression was studied in 70 patients with documented obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) and reproducible effort angina. Symptom-limited treadmill exercise testing was performed before and after a 2-week placebo period and 24-hour FM ambulatory electrocardiographic monitoring at the end of the placebo ...
Kuchar D L - - 1987
Exercise radionuclide ventriculography (RVG) was performed 7-12 days after acute myocardial infarction (MI) in 153 patients to assess its value in identifying those at risk of serious recurrent cardiac events. In addition to electrocardiogram (ECG) features of the exercise test, clinical and hemodynamic features were also considered: the exercise test ...
Miller T D - - 1987
Forty-four consecutive patients who had perfusion defects on thallium-201 scanning and positive exercise treadmill tests were prospectively studied. Thirty-eight (86%) subjects had diagnostic ST segment changes in lead V5, 37 (84%) in lead V4, and 44 (100%) in either lead V4, V5 or both. Thirty patients had ST segment changes ...
Sheps D S - - 1987
We studied 30 patients 38-75 yr of age who had ischemic heart disease to assess the effect of acute elevation of carboxyhemoglobin (COHb) concentration. Patients were nonsmokers with ischemia defined by exercise-induced ST depression (ST decreases)--25/30, angina--23/30, or abnormal ejection fraction (EF) response--18/30. After an initial familiarization and exercise session ...
Wildberger H - - 1987
Visual evoked potentials (VEPs) to pattern reversal and psychophysical contrast sensitivity (CS) were tested in five patients with Uhthoff's symptom before and after exercise. Four of the cases were related to a demyelinating disease and one patient had a severe brain injury. Uhthoff's symptom occurred also in neuropathies without previous ...
Mutch W A - - 1987
The effect of acute hypocarbia on baseline extracellular K+ concentration [( K+]e) and its effect on the ability of the cerebral microenvironment to recover from transient increases in [K+]e has been assessed in rats. Spreading depression of cortical activity was used to present a reproducible K+ load to the extracellular ...
Aura O - - 1987
To study the effects of muscle fiber distribution (m. vastus lateralis) on the mechanical efficiency of human locomotion, 12 subjects were observed, six in the slow-twitch (ST) group (38.0% +/- 6.1% FT) and six in the fast-twitch (FT) group (63.8% +/- 5.9% FT). Pure positive, pure negative, and a combination ...
Prior J C - - 1987
Six months of exercise training was associated with decreased premenstrual symptoms in two groups of women. There was no change in symptoms in nontraining women. Eight sedentary (ST) women increased running from 0 to 76 +/- 26 km/cycle (mean +/- standard deviation) over 6 months and seven runners (MT) trained ...
Comens P - - 1987
This study deals with the physiologic responses to stress in F-4 fighter pilots and aircrew engaged in surface attack training (SAT) missions. Blood levels of HDL-cholesterol, LDH and LDH isoenzymes, CPK, and myoglobin were determined before and after each mission. Continuous EKG and transcutaneous PO2 recordings were made during briefing, ...
Mannering D - - 1987
The severity of coronary artery disease is an important determinant of prognosis after acute myocardial infarction. The ability of a symptom limited exercise test to predict the presence of triple vessel disease was assessed in 221 patients three weeks after infarction. Coronary angiography was performed in patients with exercise induced ...
Cokkinos D V - - 1987
Many factors have been found to influence the magnitude of ST-segment depression in the exercise electrocardiogram. We investigated whether R-wave amplitude is a significant factor. We studied the exercise electrocardiogram of 20 patients with angiographically documented coronary artery disease, including greater than or equal to 70% stenosis of the left ...
Mark D B - - 1987
To determine if patterns of ST depression or elevation during exercise testing provide reliable information about the location of an underlying coronary lesion, we studied 452 consecutive patients with one-vessel disease who underwent treadmill testing. Exercise ST changes were classified as elevation or depression and by lead groups involved. The ...
Berkenboom G M - - 1987
To investigate the mechanism of action of nitrovasodilators in exercise-induced angina, 15 patients with chronic stable angina underwent a symptom-limited supine exercise test (exercise 1). After recovery, in 10 patients (group I) a coronary vasodilator, SIN-1 (the active metabolite of molsidomine) was injected into the most diseased coronary artery (80 ...
Kaski J C - - 1987
The exercise response to a single oral dose (25 mg) of a new beta-blocking agent that also has potent vasodilating properties, carvedilol, was assessed in 15 patients with stable exertional angina, positive exercise tests (greater than or equal to 1 mm ST depression) and coronary artery disease. A placebo-controlled, randomized, ...
Kaski J C - - 1986
Nineteen patients with syndrome X (typical exertional angina, positive exercise test response [at least 0.1 mV of ST-segment depression], no evidence of coronary spasm and angiographically normal coronary arteries) underwent continuous 48-hour electrocardiographic (ECG) monitoring during unrestricted daily life. Fifty-eight ischemic episodes of at least 0.1 mV of ST-segment depression ...
Kennedy P L - - 1986
In this study, we tested the hypothesis that myocardial ischemia induced by exercise in patients is associated with diminished metabolism and/or delayed clearance of an intravenously injected fatty acid, iodine 123-labeled phenylpentadecanoic acid (IPPA). Fifteen normal volunteers and 18 patients with significant coronary heart disease (CHD) received IPPA during exercise. ...
Yackee J M - - 1986
A patient with significant left anterior descending coronary disease is presented who developed significant ST segment elevation and depression at different times under similar testing conditions. Currently proposed explanations for exercise-induced ST segment elevation are discussed. This patient likely represents a case of spasm superimposed on significant obstructive disease, so-called ...
Moritani K - - 1986
Exercise tests with sublingual nitroglycerin were performed on 7 patients with true positive and 8 patients with false positive exercise test results. Four of 7 patients with true positive changes and 8 patients with false positive changes underwent exercise cardiac scintigraphy. Scintigrams showed perfusion defects in 4 patients with true ...
Okin P M - - 1986
A new treadmill exercise protocol, modified from the standard Bruce method, was designed to improve ST segment/heart rate slope accuracy and applicability by reducing heart rate increments between exercise stages. In 150 patients exercised according to the new protocol and in 150 patients exercised according to the Bruce protocol, similar ...
Kohli R S - - 1986
Isosorbide 5-mononitrate (IS 5-MN) is an active metabolite of isosorbide dinitrate and is widely used as an antianginal agent. The acute and subacute (2 weeks) effects of IS 5-MN, 40 mg twice daily, were evaluated in 18 patients with stable angina pectoris using computerized exercise testing and a placebo-controlled, double-blind, ...
Saviolo R - - 1986
Exercise testing is contraindicated during active pericarditis because of the possibility of myocarditis. In a patient suspected of having ischemic heart disease, a pericardial rub appeared for the first time following a maximal exercise test, during which the elevated J-points descended to baseline. In two normal volunteer subjects with early ...
Kligfield P - - 1986
Analysis of the rate-related change in exercise-induced ST segment depression, the ST/HR slope, has been shown to significantly improve the accuracy of the exercise ECG for the identification of patients with coronary artery disease and for the recognition of patients with stable angina pectoris who have anatomically or functionally severe ...
Amsterdam E A - - 1986
During exercise by patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), electrocardiographic evidence of myocardial ischemia may precede the onset of angina or may be unassociated with angina, even at peak levels of stress. However, neither the precise incidence of silent versus symptomatic ischemic episodes nor their interrelation in this setting has ...
Lambert C R - - 1986
The objective of this investigation was to determine whether extended low-frequency response is required to record ischemic ST-segment abnormalities in humans. Bipolar electrocardiograms (ECGs) were recorded in 5 men with coronary artery disease using a high-fidelity instrumentation amplifier and FM tape recorder before, during and after erect bicycle exercise. In ...
Araki H - - 1986
A 12 lead electrocardiogram was recorded during treadmill exercise in 57 patients with variant angina in whom coronary angiography was performed. Thirty six patients performed exercise tests with and without calcium antagonists, and 21 performed them only with calcium antagonists. In 55 patients calcium antagonists had prevented spontaneous attacks of ...
Khurmi N S - - 1986
Seventy three patients (63 males and 10 females) aged 41-75 years with established stable exertional angina pectoris were studied in a double-blind fashion to confirm the efficacy of 80 mg propranolol administered three times daily and also to examine its effect on ST-segment changes in the electrocardiogram by ambulatory ST-segment ...
Kawashima S - - 1986
To determine whether dipyridamole infusion can be used as an alternative method to physical exercise, 87 lead body surface mapping was performed to compare the distribution patterns of ST-segment depression after 0.568 mg/kg/4 min dipyridamole infusion (D) and after submaximal treadmill exercise (T) in 21 patients with coronary artery disease. ...
Aunola S - - 1986
The aerobic and anaerobic thresholds determined from venous lactate (AerTLa and AnTLa) or from ventilation and gas exchange (AerTr and AnTr) in relation to muscle fiber composition were compared. Twelve subjects were studied in double exercise tests carried out until voluntary exhaustion. They were divided into two groups according to ...
Hamm L F - - 1986
Exercise testing performed earlier than six weeks post-MI is accepted as "standard" medical practice. Although both heart rate-limited and symptom-limited exercise protocols are used with nearly equal frequency, the latter appears more valuable because the prognostic yield is greater without sacrificing patient safety. Treadmill or cycle ergometers are the preferred ...
Ahnve S - - 1986
This study was performed in order to determine whether exercise-induced myocardial ischemia demonstrated by thallium-201 imaging could be detected by ST segment shifts in patients with abnormal Q waves at rest. Fifty-four patients with coronary artery disease and exercise-induced thallium-201 defects were compared to 22 patients with similar Q wave ...
Deanfield J E - - 1986
Cigarette smoking is strongly associated with ischemic heart disease and acute coronary events. The effect of smoking a single cigarette on regional myocardial perfusion was studied in 13 chronic smokers with typical stable angina pectoris using positron emission tomography and rubidium-82 (82Rb). Findings were compared with the effects of physical ...
Specchia G - - 1986
Exercise may induce ventricular arrhythmias (VA) in patients with coronary artery disease. Exercise-induced VA can identify a subset of patients at higher risk of cardiac sudden death. The role of myocardial ischaemia and/or left ventricular disease in the appearance of VA during exercise is not completely understood. The incidence of ...
Sia S T - - 1986
The value of an early symptom-limited maximal exercise test in predicting coronary anatomy, left ventricular ejection fraction and hemodynamics was assessed prospectively in 64 patients after an acute non-Q-wave myocardial infarction (MI). Exercise tests and cardiac catheterization were performed at a median of 6 and 7 days, respectively, after non-Q ...
Lee J D - - 1986
The hypothesis was tested that regional myocardial contractile dysfunction can detect subtle regional coronary blood flow maldistribution induced by exercise. In seven dogs, left ventricular pressure (micromanometer), regional systolic wall thickening (WTh, sonomicrometry), and myocardial blood flow (MBF, microspheres) were measured when mild degrees of coronary artery stenosis were produced ...
Ogata Y - - 1986
To elucidate a mechanism and clinical implications of chest pain and ST segment depression during exercise in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), we investigated myocardial lactate metabolism during atrial pacing in 18 patients with HCM and 7 control subjects with normal coronary arteriograms. At an average peak pacing rate of ...
Sundqvist K - - 1986
The effect of digoxin on the electrocardiogram at rest and during and after exercise was studied in 11 healthy subjects. Exercise was performed on a heart rate-controlled bicycle ergometer with stepwise increased loads up to a heart rate of 170 beats/min. The subjects were studied after peroral intake of digoxin ...
Thwaites B C - - 1986
The rate of depression of the ST segment with increasing heart rate (HR) during exercise has been claimed to predict the extent of coronary artery disease (CAD). To determine whether the maximal ST/HR slope is better than the Bruce treadmill exercise test for predicting the presence of CAD, the maximal ...
Berkenboom G M - - 1986
To provide more insight into the role of alpha-adrenergic coronary tone in exercise-induced angina, 9 patients with chronic stable angina underwent after coronary angiography a symptom-limited supine exercise test on a cyclo-ergometer. After recovery, phentolamine was directly injected into the most diseased vessel (2 mg in 5 minutes), and immediately ...
Ginzton L E - - 1986
Twenty-five healthy adults underwent subcostal-view, four-chamber two-dimensional echocardiographic examination while upright at rest and at the peak of maximal bicycle exercise. The purpose of the study was to determine whether the variability in regional left ventricular endocardial motion, previously demonstrated to be present at rest, persisted at peak exercise. The ...
Saarnivaara L - - 1986
Electrocardiographic (ECG) changes were studied in 82 adult patients with a mean age of 49 years undergoing microlaryngoscopy. The patients were pretreated with practolol 0.15 mg/kg i.v. 5 min before induction of anaesthesia with thiopental. Anaesthesia was maintained with nitrous oxide in oxygen, fentanyl and suxamethonium-infusion. ECG changes occurred in ...
Newman S L - - 1986
Using sonomicrometry, we measured the in vivo tidal shortening and velocity of shortening of the costal and crural segments of the diaphragm in the anesthetized dog in the supine, upright, tailup, prone, and lateral decubitus postures. When compared with the supine position, end-expiratory diaphragmatic length varied by less than 11% ...
Homans D C - - 1986
To determine whether regional myocardial dysfunction occurring after exercise-induced ischemic might be caused by continued abnormalities of myocardial blood flow in the post-exercise period, nine dogs were instrumented with ultrasonic microcrystals for determination of circumferential segment shortening, circumflex artery electromagnetic flow probes, and hydraulic coronary artery occluders. Dogs performed treadmill ...
Tardieu A - - 1986
Nine patients with coronary insufficiency were investigated using an exercise test coupled with quantitative myocardial tomoscintigraphy with thallium-201 before and after 48 hours' treatment with captopril. After captopril treatment, an improvement in ST segment depression was noted during exercise. The quantitative tomoscintigraphy showed a reduction in the ischaemic zone with ...
< 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 >