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Graves G M - - 1989
Postoperative ileus is characterized by decreased gastrointestinal myoelectric activity and motility. Metoclopramide was used to treat experimentally induced postoperative ileus in six dogs. Contractile activity was monitored by extraluminal strain gages on the pyloric antrum and proximal segment of the duodenum, and myoelectric activity was measured by recording bipolar electromyograms ...
Eggeling T - - 1988
The analysis of ST segment changes during Holter monitoring is one important diagnostic method for detection and diagnosis of silent myocardial ischaemia. To assess the specificity and sensitivity of ST segment alterations as a diagnostic tool, 106 healthy medical students (43 females, 57 males, aged 18-36 years, mean age 26 ...
Pfisterer M - - 1988
Demonstration of ischaemic left ventricular dysfunction in the absence of chest pain should provide important confirmation of silent myocardial ischaemia in patients with asymptomatic ST segment changes. For this purpose, a new portable scintillation probe (VEST) similar to a miniaturized nuclear stethoscope combined with a Holter ECG was evaluated. After ...
Rotman B - - 1988
Long-term ambulatory electrocardiographic monitoring [AEM] of the ST segment is clinically the most practical test for the documentation and quantification of myocardial ischaemia. However, there is still some controversy about the validity of ST measurements in Holter monitoring. Therefore, in the present study, in a series of 26 patients with ...
Günther H - - 1988
Seventy-nine patients with angiographically documented coronary artery disease were studied with exercise ECG and Holter ECG for ischaemic ST segment changes. Fifty-four patients (68.3%) had ischaemia on exercise, 48 patients (62.0%) had ischaemic ST segment depression during Holter monitoring. Twenty-four (30%) of the patients with a positive exercise test and ...
Neumann E - - 1988
The diagnosis of silent ischaemic heart disease may be important in men as well as in women. However, diagnosing women by exercise ECG is limited due to the higher rate of false positive results. For improving diagnostic validity the following investigations were done. In 310 women, aged 41-63 years (mean ...
Moczurad K W - - 1988
Silent ischaemic ST segment depression and heart rate changes during ambulatory 24 h electrocardiography and bicycle exercise stress testing were studied 8-12 weeks after the first myocardial infarction in 22 patients, aged 36-65 years (X = 50.2). During Holter monitoring it was found that 18 patients had 64 episodes of ...
Opasich C - - 1988
To assess the clinical significance of monitoring during physical training in post-myocardial infarction (MI) patients with asymptomatic exercise-induced ischaemia, we studied 232 patients who were survivors of first recent acute MI and consecutively admitted to the same CCU, who underwent an exercise test (ET) and coronary angiography within two months ...
Weidinger F - - 1988
To evaluate transient ischaemic episodes during daily life in patients with coronary artery disease and exercise-induced myocardial ischaemia, 38 patients underwent ambulatory ST-segment monitoring over 48 h. Sixteen patients had painless ischaemia during exercise and occasional angina, and 12 patients had symptomatic ischaemia and frequent angina during daily life. Ten ...
Tzivoni D - - 1988
This study assessed the prognostic significance of ischemic changes during daily activity as recorded by ambulatory electrocardiographic monitoring in a group of 224 low-risk postinfarction patients. Of the 224 patients studied, 74 (33%) had transient ischemic episodes on Holter monitoring. During the 28 months of follow-up the frequency of cardiac ...
Imai M - - 1988
To demonstrate that osmotic work can be accomplished across the inner medullary collecting duct (IMCD) by the difference in reflection coefficients for urea and NaCl, phenomenological coefficients for urea and NaCl transport were determined in isolated segments of the hamster IMCD perfused in vitro. Arginine vasopressin at 100 microU/ml increased ...
Picano E - - 1988
The short term reproducibility of exercise testing in 25 patients who had exercise induced ST segment elevation without baseline regional asynergy or a previous myocardial infarction, who had different responses to the dipyridamole test, was assessed. The patients performed a dipyridamole echocardiography test and a second exercise stress test. All ...
Suyama A - - 1988
To improve the performance of exercise stress testing in the diagnosis of effort angina while minimizing risks of serious complications, we evaluated an impulse response of ST changes, which is a transient ST response resulting from a hypothetical, strenuous-impulselike exercise, without actually imposing the strenuous load. To obtain the impulse ...
Lee T H - - 1988
To define optimal strategies for screening for left main coronary artery disease (LMCAD), the authors evaluated the cost-effectiveness of exercise tolerance testing and cardiac catheterization in patients with mild stable chest pain, such as patients with definite or probable angina in the Coronary Artery Surgery Study registry (prevalence of LMCAD ...
Murray D P - - 1988
The prognostic value of parameters noted on pre-discharge exercise testing was assessed in 300 survivors of acute myocardial infarction. Exercise testing was performed at a mean of 9 days post-infarction. Each patient's data were studied for the presence of ST-segment depression or elevation greater than or equal to 0.1 mV ...
Kohli R S - - 1988
The behaviour of the ST segment in everyday life was studied by ambulatory electrocardiography in 111 normal volunteers. Fifteen were excluded because of abnormal exercise responses (10 subjects) and significant postural ST segment shifts (five subjects). This left 62 men and 34 women, mean (SD) age 40.5 (12.6) years (range ...
Niveditha Y - - 1988
The effect of isosorbide dinitrate or indoramin on myocardial ischaemia was examined in patients with stable angina pectoris. In a prospective trial, randomization resulted in 8 and 9 patients, respectively, given isosorbide dinitrate in a dose of 30-90 mg daily, and indoramin in a dose of 75-225 mg daily; 2 ...
Flugelman M Y - - 1988
The relation between the duration of ischemic ST-segment depression (1 mm or more 60 ms after the J point) and the clinical awareness of chest pain was studied in 31 patients (aged 39-73 years) undergoing symptom-limited, graded treadmill exercise testing. The response of these patients to nitrate therapy (spray or ...
Nakajima T - - 1988
ST-T isointegral analysis of body surface mapping was used in an attempt to localize ischemic areas on exercise tests. In 28 patients with angina pectoris and 10 healthy subjects, body surface potential was recorded with 87 leads, and ST isopotential and ST-T isointegral maps were constructed. In all 10 healthy ...
Mannering D - - 1988
Three weeks after myocardial infarction in 50 patients the effect of the infusion of a graded dose of dobutamine was compared with that of symptom limited treadmill exercise testing. The following variables were measured: blood pressure, heart rate, ST segment changes, Doppler aortic blood flow, and cross sectional echocardiographic dimensions. ...
Bruce R A - - 1988
The functional and prognostic significance of exercise-induced ST elevation (by computer averaging) in ambulatory patients with coronary heart disease was recently reported for 181 patients in the Seattle Heart Watch (SHW). To further evaluate this, 3050 approximately similar patients enrolled in CASS were analyzed with respect to initial findings, survival, ...
Newman K P - - 1988
We tested the clinical utility and predictive value of graded exercise testing in the diagnosis of coronary artery disease in 153 patients aged 65 years or more. Based on changes of the ST segment from baseline, the test was considered positive with 1 mm of depression lasting 0.08 seconds, negative ...
De Vito F F Division of Cardiology, 'Clinica del Lavoro Foundation', Veruno, Novara, - - 1988
Two hundred and forty patients with recent inferior myocardial infarction were studied by a symptom-limited ergometric test with haemodynamic monitoring (triple lumen tip-thermistor Swan-Ganz catheter) in order to investigate and quantify the haemodynamic effects of exercise-induced myocardial ischaemia in post-infarct patients and to assess whether the ST-segment changes give any ...
Montague T J - - 1988
One hundred and twenty-lead body surface potential maps (BSPMs) were recorded at rest, at immediate cessation of exercise and after 1 (early) and 5 minutes (late) of recovery in 14 patients with isolated, critical, left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery stenosis. Exercise endpoints, at an average peak rate of 98 ...
Acker J J - - 1988
The clinical use of exercise rehabilitation programs has increased for patients with coronary artery disease. Exercise testing in these programs typically is conducted on a treadmill or cycle ergometer, although many patients' vocations require upper extremity activities and some patients cannot perform lower extremity exercises. To compare the hemodynamic responses ...
Wetherbee J N - - 1988
Significant differences in the hemodynamic response to upright and supine exercise have been reported in patients with coronary artery disease. The purpose of the present study was to compare the degree of myocardial ischemia as assessed by ST segment depression during upright treadmill and supine bicycle exercise in 98 patients ...
Wasir H S - - 1988
A group of 111 male patients who had undergone maximal or symptom-limited maximal exercise stress testing for evaluation of coronary artery disease (CAD) were subjected to coronary angiography. Group I comprised 33 patients with normal or single-vessel disease (SVD), while 78 patients with double-vessel disease (DVD) or triple-vessel disease (TVD) ...
Kligfield P - - 1988
Computer-based implementation of the ST/HR slope on Marquette CASE 12 is described. ST-segment measurement is performed with improved software for QRS detection and incremental signal updating, and on-line test calculation results from automated linear regression, leading to graphic display of the maximum ST/HR slope at the end of exercise.
Scardi S - - 1988
A patient with primary angina showed intermittent ST elevation (with and without chest pain), during two exercise tests performed on consecutive days; the same ST changes were also seen during the recovery phase. The electrocardiographic changes recorded in this patient may be considered an example of myocardial response to spasm-related ...
Nakayama K - - 1988
Contractile responses of dog basilar artery in forms of ring and spiral segments to electrical stimulation and vasoactive substances were studied. Ring segments always produced a larger contraction compared with spiral segments in response to various stimuli, while spiral segments produced contraction whose degree depended upon the angle of cut. ...
Wortmann A - - 1988
One of the most promising concepts in nitrate therapy is interval therapy, a dosage scheme with marked changes of nitrate concentrations in the 24-h interval. In a single-blind, placebo-controlled study in patients with coronary heart disease we investigated the circadian anti-ischaemia and haemodynamic response to interval therapy with isosorbide dinitrate ...
Boyle R M - - 1988
Several studies have shown that the maximal ST/HR slope may be used as a reliable index of myocardial ischemia as assessed by coronary angiography, but this involves laborious training and derivation, particularly with respect to the measurement of ST segment amplitude, which is obtained by averaging values measured in at ...
Khurmi N S - - 1988
Exercise testing is widely used to evaluate the effects of anti-ischemic drugs. Many studies have reported good reproducibility when it is performed in the morning, but little information is available regarding the diurnal variation of exercise test response in patients with chronic stable angina. With the advent of new long-acting ...
Tsutsumi T - - 1988
Effects of ubidecarenone (coenzyme Q10, CoQ10, E-0216) on the cardiac action potential depressed by the superfusion with hypoxic, glucose-free solution (modified Tyrode solution) and on the activation time (ACT) altered by the same means were investigated. In the control specimens, the action potential duration (APD) was markedly shortened and action ...
Ikeda K - - 1988
Eighty-seven unipolar electrocardiograms distributed over the entire thorax were simulataneously recorded before and after treadmill exercise in 43 patients. Exercise-induced R-wave amplitude change (delta R) and peak R time (time from the onset of QRS to the peak of R wave), were calculated for each lead. The maximal delta R ...
Thunell M - - 1988
The study population comprises 28 patients with sarcoidosis who all had repolarization disturbances in their exercise ECGs. None of the patients had hypertension or known cardiovascular disease, and all but two were non-smokers. The mean age was 45 years. Exercise test with beta-adrenergic blockade was performed within one month of ...
Froning J N - - 1988
One common variety of exercise-induced artifact is baseline wander resulting from movement, respiration, and poor electrode contact. Although filters can be designed to remove much of this baseline variation, they will distort the low-frequency components of the ECG complex, such as the TP-segment, the PR-segment, and, most problematically, the ST-segment. ...
Wójcik-ZióÅ‚kowska E - - 1988
Twenty men with coronary heart disease underwent the following exercise tests: a) bicycle ergometry, b) 5 kilometre walk and c) short march with a 5 kilogram weight carried in one hand. In each performed test during maximal work the following parameters were determined: oxygen uptake (VO2), plasma noradrenaline (NA) and ...
Silber S - - 1988
Little information has been published regarding the nitrate-induced changes of left ventricular volumes at rest and during exercise in relation to the degree of the anti-ischaemic response. Therefore we assessed the electrocardiographically defined nitrate response to a single tablet of 80 mg isosorbide dinitrate s.r. and compared it to the ...
Bairey C N - - 1987
Increased utilization of ambulatory ST segment monitoring mandates an appreciation of nonischemic variables that may influence the ST segment. While a greater frequency of ST segment depression has been reported with supine vs upright exercise, the relative false positive rate in both positions is not known. Thus, we compared the ...
Pruvost P - - 1987
Multivariate analysis has been proposed to enhance diagnostic accuracy of the exercise test in coronary artery disease. To quantify the improvement given by multivariate analysis in comparison with ST segment depression alone during exercise test, 558 men without previous myocardial infarction were studied retrospectively. All the patients underwent a symptom-limited ...
Grover-McKay M - - 1987
The onset and resolution of electrical and functional measures of regional myocardial ischemia were examined in nine conscious dogs during control exercise and exercise after beta-receptor blockade. The dogs had been instrumented with an ameroid constrictor and were studied when no regional dysfunction was evident at rest, although severe coronary ...
Rossi L - - 1987
The new approach to computer processing of exercise electrocardiography has been made easier by the development of microcomputers. Studies are necessary to validate analyzed electrocardiographic data for the diagnosis of ischemia. We describe and assess in this paper a new program for the analysis "on line" of 12 leads during ...
Tanizaki T - - 1987
To clarify the clinical significance and therapeutic implication of exercise-induced ST elevation at the infarcted area in old myocardial infarction (OMI), 30 patients with exercise-induced ST elevation underwent treadmill exercise testing. The patients with transient perfusion defects at the infarcted area on thallium-201 stress myocardial scintigraphy (group I: n = ...
Bruce R A - - 1987
Follow-up surveillance of 1136 coronary patients (918 men and 218 women) observed in Seattle community practice reveals a higher incidence of subsequent myocardial infarction, cardiac arrest or cardiac death in over 4% who manifested ST elevation during maximal exercise testing and recovery. Quantitative measurements of 100-beat signal-averaged ECG responses transmitted ...
Gohlke H - - 1987
Exercise-induced ST-segment depression is a marker of impaired prognosis in patients with suspected or manifest CAD. Whether ST-segment depression remains of prognostic importance, after exercise tolerance and extent of CAD have been considered, is unknown. We analysed the prognostic importance of exercise-induced ST-segment depression (greater than 0.15 mV) in 1250 ...
Shook T L - - 1987
Continuous ambulatory electrocardiographic monitoring of ST-segment configuration has become a useful technique for evaluation of myocardial ischemia. Concern that direct or amplitude-modulated (AM) recording and playback systems have inherent limitations that cause inaccurate ST-segment recordings has led to preference for frequency-modulated (FM) devices. To determine the accuracy of AM and ...
Hammill S C - - 1987
This study was performed to establish the accuracy of the Avionics 445B recorder and Innovator 750 scanner for identifying ST-segment changes in patients undergoing treadmill exercise testing. A series of 143 patients underwent treadmill exercise testing with 12-lead ECG monitoring and 2-lead Holter monitoring. The mean age of the patients ...
Easton P A - - 1987
Changes in length of costal and crural segments of the canine diaphragm were measured by sonomicrometry within the first 100-300 ms of inspiration during CO2 rebreathing in anesthetized animals. Both segments showed small but significant decreases in end-expiratory length during progressive hypercapnia. Although both costal and crural segments showed electromyographic ...
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