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- - 2011
The following articles are being highlighted as part of Circulation's Topic Review series. This series will summarize the most important manuscripts, as selected by the editors, published in Circulation and the Circulation subspecialty journals. The studies included in this article represent the most read manuscripts published on the topic of ...
Abouzahr Carla - - 2011
Two independent exercises to estimate levels of maternal mortality took place during 2010, one published by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation in Seattle, USA, the other published by four UN agencies (UNICEF, UNFPA, World Bank and World Health Organization). Although both approaches are based on similar sets of ...
Carvalho Vitor Oliveira - - 2011
Chronic heart failure (CHF) is a significant cause of worldwide mortality and morbidity, whose clinical picture is characterized by exercise intolerance and impaired quality of life. Aerobic exercise training is a well-established nonpharmacological tool improving the CHF’s pathophysiological, clinical, and prognostic picture, and prescription of an adequate training intensity is ...
Beckers Paul J - - 2010
We aimed to compare the effects of three different training advices, after 1 year, following a 6 months supervised cardiac rehabilitation period in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). Sixty-nine CHF patients were randomized, at the end of their rehabilitation period, either to usual care (UC) or to UC and ...
Karavidas Apostolos - - 2010
Physical training is an important component of therapy for patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) and is considered complementary to their pharmacological treatment. The majority of conventional rehabilitation programs include aerobic training, which has been demonstrated to induce significant beneficial effects on the neurohumoral, immunoreactive and functional status of patients ...
Sarullo Filippo M - - 2010
epidemiologic studies indicate that elevated heart rate (HR) is an independent risk factor for mortality and morbidity in patients (pts) with chronic heart failure (CHF). Clinical trials with β-blockers suggest that HR reduction is an important mechanism of their benefit in pts with stable CHF. Pharmacologic inhibition of the I(f) ...
Tasoulis Athanasios - - 2010
Patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) suffer from ventilatory abnormalities. This study examined the effects of interval exercise training on the respiratory drive in CHF patients. Forty-six clinically stable CHF patients (38 males/8 women, mean age = 53 +/- 11 years) participated in an exercise rehabilitation program (ERP) 3 times/week, ...
Slettaløkken G - - 2012
It has been proposed that exercise capacity during whole body exercise in post-infarction congestive heart failure (CHF) patients is limited by skeletal muscle function. We therefore investigated the balance between cardiopulmonary and muscular metabolic capacity. CHF patients (n=8) and healthy subjects (HS, n=12) were included. Patients with coronary artery disease ...
Oldenburg Olaf - - 2011
Cheyne-Stokes respiration (CSR) in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) is of major prognostic impact and expresses respiratory instability. Other parameters are daytime pCO₂, VE/VCO₂-slope during exercise, exertional oscillatory ventilation (EOV), and increased sensitivity of central CO₂ receptors. Adaptive servoventilation (ASV) was introduced to specifically treat CSR in CHF. Aim ...
Rossi Caruso Flávia C - - 2011
Objective. To evaluate the acute effect of physiotherapy (deep breathing exercises and walking) on heart rate variability in patients hospitalised with chronic heart failure (CHF). Design. Ten males with CHF (57 ± 7 years) and 10 healthy controls (59 ± 9 years) were included. Heart rate and RR intervals were recorded in the following conditions: supine, ...
Gademan Maaike G J - - 2011
One of the beneficial effects of exercise training in chronic heart failure (CHF) is an improvement in baroreflex sensitivity (BRS), a prognostic index in CHF. In our hypothesis-generating study we propose that at least part of this effect is mediated by neural afferent information, and more specifically, by exercise-induced somatosensory ...
Evans R A - - 2010
Patients with Chronic Heart Failure (CHF) develop similar symptoms of exertional breathlessness and fatigue as patients with COPD. Although pulmonary (exercise based) rehabilitation (PR) is an integral part of the management of COPD, the potential for exercise rehabilitation (ER) to assist patients with CHF may not be as readily appreciated. ...
Jorge Alves Alberto - - 2010
Despite recent advances in the management of chronic heart failure (CHF), the prognosis of many of these patients remains dire. The need for an accurate prognosis in these patients has led to the identification of several indicators purported to represent the impact of the disease. Such indicators often are obtained ...
Kristen Arnt V - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a complex clinical syndrome with autonomic dysbalance and increased plasma levels of inflammatory cytokines, which further worsen the syndrome. Experimental data have shown that stimulation of certain acupoints decreases autonomic dysbalance. OBJECTIVE: To test the therapeutic potential of acupuncture for life-threatening diseases such as ...
Shelton Rhidian J - - 2010
Mechanisms of exercise limitation in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) are incompletely understood. During matched submaximal, fixed-rate exercise, oxygen uptake is similar in patients and healthy controls. However, the importance of cardiac output (CO) remains unresolved. We aimed to determine the effect of submaximal exercise on CO and other ...
Sbruzzi Graciele - - 2010
Functional electrical stimulation (FES) produces beneficial effects in the treatment of patients with chronic heart failure (CHF), but studies carried out in these patients show small sample sizes and conflicting results. The aim of this meta-analysis was to systematically review the effect of treatment with FES compared with conventional aerobic ...
Iellamo Ferdinando - - 2010
Chronic heart failure (CHF) is characterized by a metabolic shift favoring catabolism with impairment in skeletal muscle bulk and function. There is evidence that low plasma levels of testosterone play a role in this shift, and that hypotestosteronemia could be involved in the impairment of skeletal muscle function and exercise ...
Van Craenenbroeck Emeline M - - 2010
Alterations in circulating angiogenic cells (CAC) and endothelial progenitor cells (EPC), known to contribute to endothelial repair, could explain the reversal of endothelial function in response to exercise training. Moreover, training-induced vascular remodeling might affect the acute response of EPC and CAC following a single exercise bout. We studied the ...
Esposito Fabio - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the factors limiting maximal exercise capacity in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). BACKGROUND: Maximal exercise capacity, an important index of health in CHF, might be limited by central and/or peripheral factors; however, their contributions remain poorly understood. METHODS: We studied oxygen (O2) transport ...
Erbs Sandra - - 2010
Attenuated peripheral perfusion in patients with advanced chronic heart failure (CHF) is partially the result of endothelial dysfunction. This has been causally linked to an impaired endogenous regenerative capacity of circulating progenitor cells (CPC). The aim of this study was to elucidate whether exercise training (ET) affects exercise intolerance and ...
Sun Xing-Guo - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to identify better predictors of early death in patients with chronic left ventricular heart failure (CHF). Potential predictors, derived from cardiopulmonary exercise testing, were compared with other commonly used cardiovascular measurements. BACKGROUND: The prediction of early death in patients with CHF remains challenging. ...
Mezzani Alessandro - - 2010
The highest power sustainable in VO2 and blood lactate steady-state conditions is named "critical power" (CP) and marks the upper limit for prolonged aerobic exercise performance. CP is thus of particular interest for continuous aerobic training prescription, but no data are available as to CP in chronic heart failure (CHF) ...
Van Craenenbroeck Emeline M - - 2010
Recruitment of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) and enhanced activity of circulating angiogenic cells (CACs) might explain the benefits of exercise training in reversing endothelial dysfunction in chronic heart failure (CHF) patients. We studied baseline EPC numbers and CAC function and the effect of a single exercise bout. Forty-one CHF patients ...
Selig Steve E - - 2010
Chronic heart failure (CHF) is a complex syndrome characterised by progressive decline in left ventricular function, low exercise tolerance and raised mortality and morbidity. Regular exercise participation has been shown to be a safe and effective treatment modality in the majority of CHF patients, partially reversing some of the maladaptations ...
Grigioni F - - 2011
Survival and exercise performance are key targets of heart transplantation (HT). We designed this study to help in identifying (1) patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) at risk of poor exercise capacity after HT and (2) HT recipients presenting risk factors modifiable with exercise showing a potential impact on outcome. ...
Williams Andrew D - - 2011
The Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE) gene may influence the risk of heart disease and the response to various forms of exercise training may be at least partly dependent on the ACE genotype. We aimed to determine the effect of ACE genotype on the response to moderate intensity circuit resistance training ...
Wang Han-Jun - - 2010
An exaggerated exercise pressor reflex (EPR) occurs in the chronic heart failure (CHF) state, which contributes to exercise intolerance and excessive sympathoexcitation during exercise. Exercise training (ExT) improves abnormal cardiovascular reflexes in CHF. Whether ExT can normalize the exaggerated EPR function remains to be determined. This study was designed to ...
Van Berendoncks An M - - 2010
High adiponectin concentrations have emerged as an independent risk factor of outcome inpatients with CHF (chronic heart failure); however, modification of adiponectin in CHF patients has not been assessed to date. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of exercise training on adiponectin levels in CHF ...
Straburzyńska-Migaj Ewa - - 2010
Cardiopulmonary exercise testing is a well-established tool for clinical and prognostic assessment of patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). Recently, a new parameter of this examination--oxygen uptake efficiency slope (OUES)--has been described and proposed as a new prognostic factor in patients with CHF. Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) is an established ...
Terziyski Kiril - - 2010
PURPOSE: Standardized peak exercise perception score (SPEPS) is an index representing patient effort perception defined as SPEPS = Borg/METs, where Borg is the Borg CR-10 at maximal exercise intensity and METs is maximal metabolic equivalents. The purpose of the study was to assess the validity of SPEPS in different patient ...
Sarullo Filippo Maria - - 2010
Cardiopulmonary exercise testing with ventilatory expired gas analysis (CPET) has proven to be a valuable tool for assessing patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). The maximal oxygen uptake (peak V02) is used in risk stratification of patients with CHF. The minute ventilation-carbon dioxide production relationship (VE/VCO2 slope) has recently demonstrated ...
Ciampi Quirino - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The pressure-volume relationship (PVR) is a useful method for evaluating left ventricular (LV) myocardial contractility during dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE). The investigators assessed PVRs, systolic and diastolic function, B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels, and aerobic exercise capacity in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). METHODS: A total of 84 ...
Corrà Ugo - - 2009
To evaluate the prognostic significance of traditional cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) parameters in chronic heart failure (CHF) patients treated with beta-blockers. A total of 631 CHF patients were followed for cardiovascular death over 3.8 +/- 1.4 years; among them 79 (13%) died. All prognostic CPET parameters were related to outcome ...
Caminiti Giuseppe - - 2011
To assess if Hydrotherapy (HT) added to endurance training (ET) is more effective than ET alone in order to improve exercise tolerance of elderly male patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). Twenty-one male CHF patients, age 68+/-7 (mean+/-DS) years; ejection fraction 32+/-9. NYHA II-III were enrolled. Eleven pts were randomized ...
Stein Ricardo - - 2009
Inspiratory muscle training (IMT) improves exercise capacity and ventilatory responses to exercise in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) with inspiratory muscle weakness (IMW). We analyzed the effects of IMT on the oxygen uptake efficiency slope (OUES) in this patient population. Thirty-two CHF patients with IMW (maximal inspiratory pressure [PImax] ...
Gerovasili Vasiliki - - 2009
Patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) present with microcirculation alterations, partially attributed to endothelial dysfunction. Exercise training has been shown to induce beneficial effects in CHF patients. The aim of our study was to assess the effect of physical exercise on the microcirculation of CHF patients by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). ...
Kemps Hareld M C - - 2010
CHF (chronic heart failure) is associated with a prolonged recovery of skeletal muscle energy stores following submaximal exercise, limiting the ability to perform repetitive daily activities.However, the pathophysiological background of this impairment is not well established. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether muscle metabolic recovery following ...
Kemps Hareld M C - - 2010
Traditionally, the effects of physical training in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) are evaluated by changes in peak oxygen uptake (peak VO(2)). The assessment of peak VO(2), however, is highly dependent on the patients' motivation. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the clinical utility of effort-independent ...
Terziyski Kiril V - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Oxygen uptake efficiency slope (OUES) and chronotropic index (CRI) are measures of cardiorespiratory reserve and chronotropic incompetence, but no direct comparison of OUES and CRI in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and chronic heart failure (CHF) has been done. AIM: To compare OUES and CRI in CHF ...
Stein Ricardo - - 2009
PURPOSE: Inspiratory muscle training (IMT) improves exercise capacity and ventilatory responses to exercise in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) with inspiratory muscle weakness (IMW). We analyzed the effects of IMT on the oxygen uptake efficiency slope (OUES) in this patient population. METHODS: Thirty-two CHF patients with IMW (maximal inspiratory ...
Caminiti Giuseppe - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the effect of a 12-week long-acting testosterone administration on maximal exercise capacity, ventilatory efficiency, muscle strength, insulin resistance, and baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) in elderly patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). BACKGROUND: CHF is characterized by a metabolic shift favoring catabolism and impairment in skeletal muscle bulk ...
Prescott Eva - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Training improves exercise capacity in patients with heart failure (CHF) but most evidence is on selected younger patients with systolic CHF. DESIGN: All patients diagnosed with CHF over 3 years were screened for inclusion and exclusion criteria. Fifty two patients with systolic CHF (LVEF<45, NYHA II-III) received supervised exercise ...
Van Craenenbroeck Emeline M - - 2009
The aim of the present study was to assess whether EPC (endothelial progenitor cell) number/function might be an explanatory factor for the observed relationship between Type D personality (a joint tendency towards negative affectivity and social inhibition) and poor cardiovascular prognosis. We also assessed whether the effect of a single ...
Ciampi Quirino - - 2009
AIMS: Intraventricular dyssynchrony may contribute to the severity of heart failure [congestive heart failure (CHF)]. We assessed the correlates of intraventricular dyssynchrony and evaluated dyssynchrony as an independent predictive variable of exercise intolerance in CHF patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Eighty-one CHF patients (66 +/- 9 years) underwent cardiopulmonary exercise test. ...
Kemps Hareld M C - - 2009
Chronic heart failure (CHF) is associated with a prolonged recovery of skeletal muscle energy stores following submaximal exercise, limiting the ability to perform repetitive daily activities. The pathophysiological background of this impairment is not well established. The aim of this study was to investigate whether muscle metabolic recovery following submaximal ...
Conraads Viviane Marie - - 2009
Muscle wasting partly explains exercise intolerance in chronic heart failure (CHF) patients. Skeletal muscle loss may result from apoptosis, and exercise training has been suggested to halt this process. The terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase end-labeling (TUNEL) technique is frequently used to show apoptosis, but lacks specificity. Before and after 4 months ...
Kemps H M C - - 2009
One of the hallmark symptoms of patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) is exercise intolerance. Therefore, exercise testing has become an important tool for the evaluation and monitoring of heart failure. Whereas the maximal aerobic capacity (peak VO(2)) is a reliable indicator of the severity and prognosis of heart failure, ...
Murai Hisayoshi - - 2009
Sympathetic activation in chronic heart failure (CHF) is greatly augmented at rest but the response to exercise remains controversial. We previously demonstrated that single-unit muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) provides a more detailed description of the sympathetic response to physiological stress than multi-unit nerve recordings. The purpose of this study ...
Miche Eckart - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Chronic heart failure (CHF) will become one of the greatest medical challenges during the next decades. This is especially true with regard to elderly patients. Besides medical diagnostics and drug therapy, efficient treatment of CHF must also include exercise training. AIMS: The purpose of our study was 1) to ...
Lenk Karsten - - 2009
In late-stage chronic heart failure (CHF), elevated cytokines and cachexia are often observed. Several studies have shown that exercise training exerts beneficial effects on skeletal muscle in this setting. Furthermore, it has been shown that the expression of myostatin, a key regulator of skeletal muscle mass, is increased in a ...
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