Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 552
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Shiotani Issei - - 2002
Leg venous pressure markedly falls during upright exercise via a muscle pump effect, creating de novo perfusion pressure. We examined physiological roles of this mechanism in increasing femoral artery blood flow (FABF) and its alterations in chronic heart failure (CHF). In 10 normal subjects and 10 patients with CHF, standard ...
Corrà Ugo - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Peak oxygen consumption (VO2) has an important prognostic role in chronic heart failure (CHF), but its discriminatory power is limited in patients with intermediate exercise capacity (peak VO2 between 10-18 mL/kg/min). Thus, supplementary exertional indexes are greatly needed. METHODS: Six hundred patients with CHF with left ventricular ejection fraction ...
Ellis Gethin R - - 2002
Angiotensin II exerts a number of harmful effects in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) and, through an increase in oxidative stress, is thought to be critical in the development of endothelial dysfunction. Angiotensin II may be elevated in CHF despite treatment with angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, producing a ...
Adamopoulos Stamatis - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: We sought to investigate the effects of physical training on circulating proinflammatory cytokines and the soluble apoptosis mediators Fas (sFas) and Fas ligand (sFasL) in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). BACKGROUND: Recent investigations have shown an overexpression of circulating proinflammatory cytokines and soluble apoptosis mediators in patients with ...
Cicoira Mariantonietta - - 2002
In patients with chronic congestive heart failure (CHF), aldosterone production may occur despite the administration of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. This phenomenon has been termed aldosterone "escape"; its relation to the severity of the disease is unknown. We sought to assess whether aldosterone escape might be related to disease severity ...
Hürlimann David - - 2002
Chronic heart failure (CHF) is characterized by impaired left ventricular function, increased peripheral and pulmonary vascular resistance, reduced exercise tolerance, and dyspnea. Despite considerable progress in the treatment of CHF, especially in targeting activated neurohumoral systems, mortality in these patients remains high. Therefore, new treatment approaches are warranted. Endothelin-1 (ET-1) ...
Guazzi Marco - - 2002
In chronic congestive heart failure (CHF), backward effects of left ventricular dysfunction alter pulmonary volumes and gas diffusion. Some of these disorders are detected in some patients with diabetes mellitus, possibly due to a microangiopathic process and nonenzymatic glycosylation of lung tissue proteins. We explored the possibility that coexistence of ...
Lloyd-Williams Ffion - - 2002
Chronic heart failure (CHEF) is a growing public health problem. Current guidelines provide detailed information regarding pharmacotherapy but little guidance about the value of exercise/cardiac rehabilitation programmes for individuals with this condition. To investigate the effects of exercise training upon CHF patients, a systematic literature review was carried out of ...
Zucker Irving H - - 2002
Chronic heart failure (CHF) is associated with an increase in the production and secretion of various regulatory hormones that are initially beneficial, but become deleterious when elevated for prolonged periods. The neurohumoral excitation that occurs in the CHF state is mediated, in part, by abnormal inhibitory cardiovascular reflexes, such as ...
Scott Adam C - - 2002
Increased activity of muscle metaboreceptors (afferents sensitive to muscle contraction that are responsible for the ventilatory responses to exercise) has been proposed in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) to constitute a missing link between muscle metabolic abnormalities and exercise overventilation. We looked at this reflex overactivation to determine if ...
Parnell Melinda M - - 2002
Systemic arterial compliance (SAC) makes an important contribution to cardiac afterload, and thus is a significant determinant of left ventricular work. Previous studies have suggested that arterial compliance may be reduced in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF), and that SAC is increased after a 4-week exercise training programme in ...
Spangenburg Espen E - - 2002
It is thought that changes in sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase (SERCA) of skeletal muscle contribute to alterations in skeletal muscle function during congestive heart failure (CHF). It is well established that exercise training can improve muscle function. However, it is unclear whether similar adaptations will result from exercise training in a ...
Nanas S - - 2001
Oxygen (O2) uptake at peak exercise (VO2 peak) is an objective measurement of functional capacity in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). The significance of recovery O2 kinetics parameters in predicting exercise capacity, and the parameters of submaximal exercise testing have not been thoroughly examined. Thirty-six patients (mean age = ...
de Lorgeril M - - 2001
Chronic heart failure (CHF) seems to be associated with increased oxidative stress. However, the hypothesis that antioxidant nutrients may contribute to the clinical severity of the disease has never been investigated. To examine whether antioxidant nutrients influence the exercise capacity and left ventricular function in patients with CHF. Dietary intake ...
Ponikowski P P - - 2001
BACKGROUND: In chronic heart failure (CHF), overactivation of ergoreceptors (afferents sensitive to the metabolic effects of muscular work) may be a link between peripheral changes, sympathetic overactivation, and increased hemodynamic and ventilatory responses to exercise. The relationship between ergoreceptors, autonomic changes, and the progression of the syndrome has not yet ...
Gibbs C R - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Chronic heart failure (CHF) is associated with an increased risk of thrombosis and thromboembolic events, including stroke and venous thromboembolism. which may be related to a prothrombotic or hypercoagulable state. Acute vigorous exercise has been associated with activation of hemostasis, and this risk may well be particularly increased in ...
Holst D P - - 2001
Congestive heart failure (CHF) is associated with a high readmission rate after diagnosis. We assessed the ability of a comprehensive management program (CMP) for CHF to reduce readmissions with secondary endpoints of improving quality of life, exercise capacity and targeted drug doses. Patients (pts) with: New York Heart Association Class ...
Curnier D - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Management of heart failure includes beta-blockade (betaB) therapy and cardiac rehabilitation. The aim of this study was to compare the exercise training response of patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) receiving betaB therapy with that of patients not receiving treatment. METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirty-four consecutive patients with CHF were ...
Gullestad L - - 2001
Beta-blockade usually causes a slight reduction in exercise capacity among healthy subjects, while more variable results have been observed in chronic heart failure (CHF), probably related to patients studied, methods and agent used. The effect of metoprolol controlled release/extended release (CR/XL) on peak oxygen uptake (peak VO(2)) in this patient ...
Gendo A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To assess the validity of early sensory evoked potential (SEP) recording for reliable outcome prediction in comatose cardiac arrest survivors within 48 h after restoration of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective cohort study in a medical intensive care unit of a university hospital. PATIENTS: Twenty-five comatose, mechanically ...
Coats A J - - 2001
Chronic heart failure (CHF) is a common condition with a poor prognosis, commonly associated with poor exercise tolerance and debilitation symptoms despite optimal modern therapy. Recent investigations have shown that the degree of exercise limitation may be related to pathophysiological changes that occur systemically in the patient with CHF. Exercise ...
Cicoira M - - 2001
Immune activation plays an important role in the progression of chronic heart failure (CHF). We sought to investigate whether different degrees of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) activation are associated with exercise intolerance, neurohormonal activation and alterations in muscle mass and function in patients with CHF without cardiac cachexia. Patients were ...
Cicoira M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Chronic heart failure (CHF) is a frequent disease with a dismal prognosis, but little is known about survival in the very elderly. There are no data on the prognostic value of cardiopulmonary exercise testing in this population. We aimed to assess exercise capacity, survival, and prognostic parameters in elderly ...
Forissier J F - - 2001
To evaluate prospectively the impact of carvedilol on a short-term physical training program in stable patients with moderate chronic heart failure (CHF), and to analyze parameters predictive of improvement after training. Thirty-eight patients with CHF were referred for cardiac rehabilitation. Etiology was ischemic in 26 patients, dilated in 12 patients ...
Roche F - - 2001
In chronic congestive heart failure (CHF), attenuated heart rate response to exercise, a manifestation of chronotropic incompetence (CI), contributes to limiting exercise capacity. The present study was thus conducted to evaluate the respective role of chronic attenuation of cardiac vagal tone associated with depressed baroreflex sensitivity or affected cardiac sympathetic ...
Green D J - - 2001
PURPOSE: This study compared the exercise intensity of a combined aerobic and resistance exercise circuit training session with the exercise intensity of continuous aerobic exercise in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). METHODS: Peak oxygen consumption (VO2peak) and muscular strength (1 repetition maximum) were assessed in six CHF patients (age ...
Hughes P D - - 2001
Exercise intolerance is a feature of chronic heart failure (CHF). We hypothesized that excessive loading of the respiratory muscle pump might contribute to exertional breathlessness. One marker of excessive muscle-loading is slowing of maximum relaxation rate (MRR) and, therefore, to test our hypothesis, we investigated the effect of exhaustive treadmill ...
Meyer K - - 2001
A review of methods used for exercise training in stable chronic heart failure patients (CHF) shows a lack of standardization to guide prescription. Previous recommendations have been adopted from fitness training or rehabilitation studies. A model for use in CHF patients requires specific guidelines which respect the various manifestations of ...
Pfeifer P C - - 2001
PURPOSE: Past research has shown the development of exercise intolerance after myocardial infarction (MI). The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that reductions in oxidative enzyme activity, in a variety of skeletal muscles, coincide with the development of exercise intolerance in a rat model of chronic heart ...
Okita K - - 2001
OKITA, K., K. YONEZAWA, H. NISHIJIMA, A. HANADA, T. NAGAI, T. MURAKAMI, and A. KITABATAKE. Muscle high-energy metabolites and metabolic capacity in patients with heart failure. Med Sci. Sports. Exerc., Vol. 33, No. 3, 2001, pp. 442-448. Background: Various abnormalities in skeletal muscle have been demonstrated by biopsy in patients ...
Baran D A - - 2001
PURPOSE: Functional limitation, often associated with congestive heart failure (CHF), is most accurately assessed with measurement of peak VO2 (VO2peak) during exercise testing. VO2peak strongly predicts survival in CHF patients and is used to triage patients for cardiac transplantation. However, the traditional mouthpiece/noseclip equipment used for gas exchange analysis is ...
Ponikowski P - - 2001
BACKGROUND: In patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) and preserved exercise tolerance, the value of cardiopulmonary exercise testing for risk stratification is not known. Elevated slope of ventilatory response to exercise (VE/VCO(2)) predicts poor prognosis in advanced CHF. Derangement of cardiopulmonary reflexes may trigger exercise hyperpnea. We assessed the relationship ...
Ukai T - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Superoxide (O(2)(-)) generated by enhanced xanthine oxidase (XO) activity may contribute to the increased myocardial oxidative stress in heart failure (CHF). Because blocking XO with allopurinol augments myofilament Ca(2+) sensitivity in reperfusion injury and CHF, we hypothesized that it may improve adrenergic inotropic responsiveness in CHF. METHODS AND RESULTS: ...
Ponikowski P - - 2001
Augmented peripheral and central chemoreceptor sensitivity has recently been demonstrated in both experimental and clinical settings of chronic heart failure (CHF). As a result of the effects of chemoreflexes on the respiratory, circulatory and neurohormonal systems, changes in their activity may account for several pathophysiological features of CHF--predominantly augmented ventilation, ...
Tyni-Lenné R - - 2001
Beneficial training outcomes have been reported in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) following leg exercise training. However, data from more comprehensive training programs are limited. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that exercise training applying the concept of comprehensive local muscle training can improve aerobic ...
Green H J - - 2001
Intrinsic changes in skeletal muscle are being increasingly suspected as part of the underlying cause of exercise intolerance in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). The objective of the present study was to determine whether differences existed between CHF patients and age-matched healthy controls in the concentration of skeletal muscle ...
Reybrouck T - - 2001
BACKGROUND: At present, a considerable number of patients survive who underwent an atrial switch operation for correction of complete transposition. Our study aimed to assess their long-term exercise performance and the serial evolution of cardiac function. METHODS: We studied 22 patients 5 to 17 years after an atrial switch operation, ...
Duscha B D - - 2001
Men with chronic heart failure (CHF) have alterations in their skeletal muscle that are partially responsible for a decreased exercise tolerance. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether skeletal muscle alterations in women with CHF are similar to those observed in men and if these alterations are related ...
Kaye D M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The clinical features of congestive heart failure (CHF) result from a complex interaction between reduced ventricular function, neurohormonal activation, and impaired endothelial function. Although endothelial dysfunction has been well documented, the mechanisms that contribute to this abnormality remain unknown. Recent studies, however, indicate a potential therapeutic role for supplemental ...
Liu J L - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Chronic exercise (EX) improves the quality of life and increases the survival of patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). Because sympathetic nerve activity is elevated in the CHF state, it is possible that EX is beneficial in this disease due to a decrease in sympathetic outflow. METHODS AND RESULTS: ...
Hendrican M C - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Six-minute walk distance (6MWd) is related to activities of daily living and is also an independent predictor of prognosis in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). Therefore, it is important to determine factors that contribute to the variability of this test. METHODS AND RESULTS: We assessed the relationship between ...
Meyer F J - - 2000
The extent and time-course of changes in lung volumes, ventilatory efficiency at rest and during exercise, and respiratory muscle function and their influence on exercise limitation in congestive heart failure (CHF) are unclear. It is unknown whether respiratory muscle function may predict changes in exercise limitation or may be impaired ...
Lowes B D - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to evaluate the effects of low-dose enoximone on exercise capacity. BACKGROUND: At higher doses the phosphodiesterase inhibitor, enoximone, has been shown to increase exercise capacity and decrease symptoms in heart failure patients but also to increase mortality. The effects of lower doses of enoximone on ...
Arena R - - 2000
The safety and efficacy of exercise training in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) is well established; however, the impact that exercise has on the subgroup of CHF patients awaiting heart transplant while on intravenous positive inotropic support remains largely unreported. This case study describes the safety and efficacy of ...
Ong K C - - 2000
INTRODUCTION: We evaluated the results of patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) who underwent cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) as part of their assessment for heart transplantation in order to examine the relationship between exercise capacity and resting indices of left ventricular function in these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-seven ambulatory ...
Maiorana A - - 2000
This study examined the effect of a novel circuit weight training (CWT) program on cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular strength, and body composition in 13 patients with chronic heart failure (CHF), using a prospective randomized crossover protocol. Peak exercise oxygen uptake (VO(2 peak)) increased after the 8-wk CWT program (19. 5 +/- ...
Johnson B D - - 2000
We examined the degree of ventilatory constraint in patients with a history of chronic heart failure (CHF; n = 11; mean +/- SE age, 62 +/- 4 years; cardiac index [CI], 2.0 +/- 0.1; and ejection fraction [EF], 24 +/- 2%) and in control subjects (CTLS; n = 8; age, ...
Coats Andrew JS - - 2000
Chronic heart failure (CHF) is a common condition with a poor prognosis. It is associated with poor exercise tolerance and debilitating symptoms. These symptoms appear to be associated with pathophysiological changes that occur systemically in the patient with CHF. Exercise training in carefully selected patients has been shown to be ...
Caparas S N - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Congestive heart failure (CHF) is associated with left ventricular (LV) failure, neurohormonal system activation, and diminished exercise capacity. Although alterations in systemic vascular resistive properties have been recognized to occur with CHF, whether and to what degree perfusion abnormalities occur within the brain after the development of CHF remain ...
Kim S - - 1999
The exercise capacity of patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) is greater when assessed by the treadmill rather than the bicycle ergometer, but the mechanism of this difference has not been clarified. The present study aimed to determine the difference between the hemodynamics of these exercise modes and the mechanism ...
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