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Jankowska Ewa A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: We investigated whether anabolic deficiency was linked to exercise intolerance in men with chronic heart failure (CHF). Anabolic hormones (testosterone, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate, insulin-like growth factor 1 [IGF1]) contribute to exercise capacity in healthy men. This issue remains unclear in CHF. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 205 men with CHF ...
Woo J - - 2009
1. A model of community care for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and chronic heart failure (CHF) that incorporates exercise prescription is lacking, although the benefits of exercise for these diseases are established. 2. Group programmes incorporating exercise, disease education, and social support consisting of weekly sessions for 12 weeks ...
Ciampi Quirino - - 2009
B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) is a diagnostic and prognostic marker in heart failure (CHF) patients. AIM: To assess the relation between BNP, diastolic function and exercise capacity in CHF patients. METHODS: Fifty CHF patients underwent cardiopulmonary exercise testing. BNP levels were determined at baseline and at peak exercise. Patients were ...
Laoutaris Ioannis D - - 2010
We evaluated the association between plasma adiponectin and functional capacity in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). Similarly to NT-proBNP, plasma adiponectin was elevated in CHF compared to healthy controls. Adiponectin correlated inversely with peak oxygen consumption and 6-minute walking distance and was able to identify CHF patients with impaired ...
Kemps Hareld M - - 2010
The delay in O(2) uptake kinetics during and after submaximal physical activity (O(2) onset and recovery kinetics, respectively) correlates well with the functional capacity of patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). This study examined the physiological background of this delay in moderately impaired CHF patients by comparing kinetics of cardiac ...
von Känel Roland - - 2009
Vital exhaustion and type D personality previously predicted mortality and cardiac events in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). Reduced heart rate recovery (HRR) also predicts morbidity and mortality in CHF. We hypothesized that elevated levels of vital exhaustion and type D personality are both associated with decreased HRR. Fifty-one ...
Ng Austin Chin Chwan - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Despite advances in medical therapy, sleep disordered breathing (SDB) remains highly prevalent in chronic heart failure (CHF). The impact of severity of SDB on sympathovagal balance, central hemodynamic responses and cardiopulmonary functional status in these patients is uncertain. METHODS: Thirteen patients with stable CHF (mean age+/-10 years; 12 NYHA ...
Jehn Melissa - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Distance walked in the 6-minute walk test (6MWT) is an important prognostic parameter used clinically to assess functional status in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). In this study, we investigated if alternative performance parameters with similar prognostic value can be gained from accelerometers. METHODS AND RESULTS: Fifty CHF ...
Parikh Keyur H - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the impact of Metoprolol CR/XL on the diurnal and exercise induced variation on Pulmonary Artery Pressure (PAP) in patients with Chronic Heart Failure (CHF) by implanted ultrasonic device. BACKGROUND: Metoprolol produces haemodynamic and clinical benefits in patients with chronic heart failure and improves survival rate. There is ...
Basford Jeffrey R - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To perform a pilot study and make a preliminary assessment of the safety and acceptance of supervised sauna bathing at moderate temperatures in people with chronic heart failure (CHF). Secondary measures included its impact on exercise tolerance and neuroendocrine concentrations. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled, cross-over trial. SETTING: Physical medicine and ...
Lykidis C K - - 2009
The excessive hyperventilation seen during exercise in chronic heart failure (CHF) contributes to the limited exercise capacity in this condition. The hyperactivation of reflexes originating, independently, from muscle (ergoreflex) and from chemoreceptors (chemoreflex) has been suggested to play an important part in the mediation of the CHF ventilatory abnormalities. In ...
Mendes-Ribeiro A C - - 2009
Chronic heart failure (CHF) is a pathological state with high morbidity and mortality and the full understanding of its genesis remain to be elucidated. In this syndrome, a cascade of neurohormonal and hemodynamic mechanisms, as well as inflammatory mediators, are activated to improve the impaired cardiac function. Clinical and experimental ...
Toyama Takuji - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Central sleep apnea, often found in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF), has a high risk of poor prognosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: This study involved 20 patients with CHF (left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) <45%, M/F =19/1, age 65+/-10 years) and an apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) >5 times/h who were ...
Roulaud Manuel - - 2009
Changes in lung function in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF), usually reported at rest, may be exacerbated during exercise and induce post-exercise effects. We investigated the hypothesis that post-exercise induced changes in lung function in CHF patients are due to the consequences of left atrial overload. Twenty-one CHF patients ...
Witte Klaus K A - - 2008
In non-heart failure populations, dyspnoea reported by the patient as the reason for stopping an exercise test is associated with a worse prognosis than fatigue. Patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) have exercise limitation due to breathlessness or fatigue, but it is unclear whether one symptom confers an adverse prognosis ...
Aquilani Roberto - - 2008
An adequate energy-protein intake (EPI) when combined with amino acid supplementation may have a positive impact on nutritional and metabolic status in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). Thirty eight stable CHF patients (27 males, 73.5+/-4 years; BMI 22.5+/-1.4 kg/m2), with severe depletion of muscle mass and were randomised to ...
Goldberg M S - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Recent studies suggest that persons with congestive heart failure (CHF) may be at higher risk for short-term effects of air pollution. This daily diary panel study in Montreal, Quebec, was carried out to determine whether oxygen saturation and pulse rate were associated with selected personal factors, weather conditions and ...
Ukkonen Heikki - - 2008
The relationship between minute ventilation and the rate of CO2 elimination (VE/VCO2 slope) is associated with mortality in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). The VE/VCO2 slope > or =34 denotes a poor prognosis and has been proposed to reflect abnormalities in pulmonary perfusion. To study whether increased VE/VCO2 slope ...
Gould Paul A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The presence of atrial fibrillation (AF) in congestive heart failure (CHF) is accompanied by increased mortality, although the exact mechanism is unclear. In previous studies, we have demonstrated cardiac baroreceptor abnormalities in association with AF and CHF. In this study, we sought to examine the effect of cardiac rhythm ...
Nilsson Birgitta Blakstad - - 2008
Studies on the long-term effects of exercise training programs on functional capacity and the quality of life in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) are sparse. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term effects of group-based, high-intensity interval training on functional capacity and the quality of life ...
Paul Biju - - 2009
1. Pulse-wave analysis (PWA) is an established method to assess arterial wave reflections and arterial vasoreactivity in humans. A high short-term reproducibility of baseline augmentation index (AIx) has been reported. However, the short-term reproducibility of AIx changes following pharmacological challenge with either inhaled salbutamol (endothelium-dependent vasodilatation) or sublingual glyceryl trinitrate ...
Conraads Viviane M A - - 2008
Exercise increases natriuretic peptide levels in chronic heart failure (CHF) patients, but the effect is considered minor. We assessed acute and short-term release (<24 h) of NT-proBNP in CHF patients after a maximal cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) and 2 different submaximal training sessions. 102 CHF patients either performed CPET (Group ...
Witte Klaus K - - 2009
The traditional view of the origin of breathlessness and fatigue in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) includes the concept that a contributing factor might be a limitation to increases in heart rate termed 'chronotropic incompetence' during exercise. In order to examine the relationship of heart rate on workload, we ...
Aquilani Roberto - - 2008
We investigated whether 30 days of oral supplementation with a special mixture of amino acids (AAs), together with conventional therapy, could improve exercise capacity in elderly outpatients with chronic heart failure (CHF). A group of 95 outpatients (12 women and 83 men; New York Heart Association class II-III) aged 65-74 ...
Scognamiglio Roldano - - 2008
Elderly persons have reduced muscular mass, with consequent deterioration of their daily activities and reduced quality of life. This is more pronounced in elderly patients affected by chronic diseases such as chronic heart failure (CHF). It has been demonstrated that oral amino acid (AA) supplementation improves muscle protein metabolism. A ...
Beckers Paul J - - 2008
AIMS: This study was designed to compare the effects of combined endurance-resistance training (CT) with endurance training (ET) only on submaximal and maximal exercise capacity, ventilatory prognostic parameters, safety issues, and quality of life in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). METHODS AND RESULTS: Fifty-eight CHF patients (NYHA class II-III) ...
Radauceanu Anca - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory pathways may promote extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling and chronic heart failure (CHF) progression. The relationship between markers of inflammation and of ECM remodeling, and their influence on functional status and outcomes has not been examined in a large cohort of CHF patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: We measured baseline ...
Oldenburg Olaf - - 2008
Sleep disordered breathing (SDB), especially Cheyne-Stokes respiration (CSR) is common in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). Adaptive servoventilation (ASV) was recently introduced to treat CSR in CHF. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of ASV on CSR and CHF parameters. In 29 male patients (63.9+/-9 ...
Nunes R B - - 2008
Chronic heart failure (CHF) is characterized by left ventricular dysfunction, resulting in hemodynamic changes, sustained inflammatory state, as well as increase in oxidative stress. Physical exercise has been described as an important nonpharmacological procedure in the treatment of CHF, contributing to the improvement of the clinical outcomes in this disease. ...
Paul Biju - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: A high prevalence of nocturnal hypoxia is noted in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). Nocturnal hypoxia can be reversed by nasal oxygen or non-invasive assisted ventilation. However, controversy exists over the use of oxygen in CHF. We studied the effects of nocturnal nasal oxygen in CHF to demonstrate ...
Van Thielen Griet - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Rate adaptive pacing (RAP) during cardiac resynchronisation therapy (CRT) in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) might improve exercise capacity through enhanced cardiac output (CO). Conversely, higher heart rates (HR) might set off a blunted force-frequency response (FFR). METHODS: Fourteen CRT-treated patients (62+/-3 years, left ventricular ejection fraction 30.8+/-2.7%) ...
Chwyczko Tomasz - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Cardiac resynchronisation therapy (CRT) has become a valuable therapeutic tool in patients with advanced chronic heart failure (CHF). The search for optimal methods for the assessment of CRT efficacy is still underway. AIM: To evaluate the impact of implantation of CRT devices in patients with CHF on adaptation of ...
Gademan Maaike G J - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The oxygen uptake efficiency slope (OUES) is a novel measure of cardiopulmonary reserve. OUES is measured during an exercise test, but it is independent of the maximally achieved exercise intensity. It has a higher prognostic value in chronic heart failure (CHF) than other exercise test-derived variables such ...
Borghi-Silva Audrey - - 2008
Blood flow requirements of the respiratory muscles (RM) increase markedly during exercise in chronic heart failure (CHF). We reasoned that if the RM could subtract a fraction of the limited cardiac output (QT) from the peripheral muscles, RM unloading would improve locomotor muscle perfusion. Nine patients with CHF (left ventricle ...
Frantz S - - 2008
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) and their tissue inhibitors (TIMP) are involved in cardiac remodelling. The prognostic utility of TIMP is unknown in chronic heart failure (CHF). We investigated the association of plasma levels of soluble MMP-9 and TIMP-1 with clinical, laboratory and echocardiographic parameters and estimated their prognostic value in the ...
Lapanashvili L - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Muscular counterpulsation (MCP) was developed for circulatory assistance by stimulation of peripheral skeletal muscles. We report on a clinical MCP study in patients with and without chronic heart failure (CHF). METHODS AND RESULTS: MCP treatment was applied (30 patients treated, 25 controls, all under optimal therapy) for 30 minutes ...
Lossnitzer Dirk - - 2008
Abnormalities of baseline hemostatic variables have been related to a hypercoagulable state in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). Given that physical exercise leads to an activation of coagulation physiologically, this study addressed the question of whether the exercise-induced hemostatic activation is enhanced in patients with CHF. Ten patients with ...
Kataoka Masaharu - - 2008
The slope of the relationship between ventilation and carbon dioxide production (VE/VCO2 slope), obtained during symptom-limited ramp exercise testing, reflects exercise ventilatory efficiency. Importantly, the VE/VCO2 slope is related to prognosis in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). The aim of the present study was to determine the relationship between ...
Braith Randy W - - 2008
The safety and efficacy of resistance exercise training (RT) in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) are critically reviewed. Evidence-based recommendations for designing safe RT programs are also presented to help clinicians and rehabilitation professionals formulate exercise prescriptions for their patients. To the extent possible, the separate and independent effects ...
Myers Jonathan - - 2008
Chronic heart failure (CHF) is a common and debilitating condition characterized by reduced exercise tolerance. While exercise training was once thought to be contraindicated for patients with CHF, a substantial body of data has been published over the last two decades to support the use of exercise programs for these ...
Ingle Lee - - 2008
Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) is a well established technique for stratifying cardiovascular risk in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). Important prognostic variables include a reduced peak oxygen uptake which has a central use in cardiac transplant selection, and the abnormal relation between minute ventilation (VE) and carbon dioxide production ...
Okonko Darlington O - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: We tested the hypothesis that intravenous iron improves exercise tolerance in anemic and nonanemic patients with symptomatic chronic heart failure (CHF) and iron deficiency. BACKGROUND: Anemia is common in heart failure. Iron metabolism is disturbed, and administration of iron might improve both symptoms and exercise tolerance. METHODS: We randomized ...
Donal Erwan - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Doppler echocardiography is well recognized as the primary noninvasive imaging technique to assess global and regional cardiac function. Cardiopulmonary exercise testing has become a powerful tool to predict outcome in chronic heart failure (CHF). We looked for cardiac determinants, using resting echocardiographic parameters, of exercise tolerance in patients with ...
Takano Hiroyasu - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Functional mitral regurgitation (MR) is common in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). During exercise, hemodynamic changes such as elevation of blood pressure and an increase in the left ventricular end-diastolic dimension may increase MR. Severity of CHF is reflected by exercise tolerance and, therefore, MR during exercise is ...
Porta Alberto - - 2008
We exploited time irreversibility analysis to characterize short heart period sequences (256 samples) derived from 24h Holter recordings in normal healthy (NO) subjects and chronic heart failure (CHF) patients. We found a significant presence of irreversible dynamics over short time scales, whereas over dominant, longer time scales irreversibility was marginal. ...
Conraads Viviane M A - - 2008
Chronic heart failure (CHF) is an enormous medical and communal burden. The syndrome is common, carries a grim prognosis and severely impacts quality of life. Those patients who develop cardiac cachexia combat both important disability and a poor outlook. Muscle wasting is a critical component of cachexia. The pathophysiological determinants ...
Adams Volker - - 2008
Chronic heart failure (CHF) is a condition characterized by exercise intolerance. The level of activity tolerated by an individual cannot be predicted by classical parameters of left ventricular performance. Therefore, considerable attention has been focused on the role of peripheral factors such as skeletal muscle, which are determinants of work ...
Butterfield John A - - 2008
PURPOSE: Recent evidence has suggested that patients with stable chronic heart failure (CHF) may respond favorably to a progressive exercise program. The use of noninvasive hemodynamic monitoring and B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) measurement in these patients is not well reported. This study investigated the utility of noninvasive hemodynamic monitoring and ...
Jorde Ulrich P - - 2008
Chronotropic incompetence (CI) is often seen in subjects with chronic congestive heart failure (CHF). The prevalence of CI, its mechanisms and association with beta-blocker use as well as exercise capacity have not been clearly defined. Cardiopulmonary exercise tolerance testing data for 278 consecutive patients with systolic CHF was analyzed. CI, ...
Jankowska Ewa A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Abnormalities in the skeletal musculature underlie exercise intolerance in chronic heart failure (CHF). We investigated, whether in CHF selective resistance training without accompanying aerobic regime favourably affects muscle strength, muscle mass and improves exercise capacity. METHODS: Ten patients with stable ischaemic CHF in NYHA class III (9 men, age: ...
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