Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 552
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Puri S - - 1995
BACKGROUND: The pulmonary diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO) is reduced in chronic heart failure (CHF) and is an independent predictor of peak exercise oxygen uptake. The pathophysiological basis for this remains unknown. The aim of this study was to partition DLCO into its membrane conductance (DM) and capillary blood ...
Estrada-Quintero T - - 1995
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of implantation of a left ventricular assist system (LVAS) on the neurohormonal status, exercise capacity and symptomatic state in patients with severe congestive heart failure (CHF). BACKGROUND: Severe CHF is characterized by decreased exercise tolerance and activation of several ...
Belardinelli R - - 1995
Near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is a noninvasive technique of monitoring tissue oxygen saturation by detecting changes in tissue absorbance of two wavelengths (850 and 760 nm) reflecting the relative oxygenation of hemoglobin and myoglobin. Aim of the present study was to determine whether changes in skeletal muscle oxygen saturation during ...
Matsui S - - 1995
Patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) are frequently limited by muscle fatigue resulting from impaired skeletal muscle blood flow. Accordingly, we assessed working skeletal muscle oxygenation in such patients using near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy. Nine normal subjects (mean age 52 years) and 12 patients with CHF (mean age 60 years) were ...
Kiilavuori K - - 1995
Decreased heart rate variability has been associated with chronic congestive heart failure (CHF). We evaluated the effect of physical training on heart rate variability in 20 patients with CHF (NYHA class II-III) randomized to training (n = 8) and control (n = 12) groups. The training group underwent 3 months ...
Messner-Pellenc P - - 1995
In order to test the hypothesis of pulmonary diffusing capacity involvement in exercise limitation in subjects with chronic heart failure (CHF), lung transfer factor (TLCO), oxygen saturation (SaO2), cardiac output (CO) and gas exchange were studied over the course of an incremental exercise test in 10 patients and 10 controls. ...
Ueshima K - - 1995
To evaluate the response of patients with chronic atrial fibrillation (AF) to exercise and to demonstrate if prognosis could be predicted, 200 male patients (64 +/- 1 years) with AF were identified retrospectively who underwent resting echocardiography and symptom-limited treadmill testing. They were classified by underlying disease into three subgroups: ...
Gundersen T - - 1994
Pharmacological therapy in cases of chronic congestive heart failure (CHF) is usually evaluated by maximal exercise time. To assess the effect of an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor, ramipril, 223 patients with moderate CHF were studied in 24 centres in four Nordic countries in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel group design. ...
Mabee S W - - 1994
The authors have previously shown that the resistance ratio (RR) is increased in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF), and that the patients with the highest RRs have an increased mortality. The authors hypothesized that CHF patients with the lowest maximum oxygen consumption and the most impaired Weber functional classification ...
Page E - - 1994
The general opinion that treadmill exercise elicits circulatory reserve more than bicycle exercise derives from studies conducted in normal subjects or subjects with coronary artery disease. To investigate if this also occurs in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF), 40 patients (mean ejection fraction: 26 +/- 9 percent) with normal ...
Braith R W - - 1994
Inactivity adds to the decline of patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). However, in prescribing exercise in these patients, three principles must be understood: ejection fraction does not predict functional capacity, exercise can bring marked peripheral improvement without changing ejection fraction or hemodynamics, and benefits accrue slowly. The authors review ...
Messner-Pellenc P - - 1994
The aim of this study was to bring to light new and simple criteria, obtained during cardiopulmonary exercise testing, in order to demonstrate in patients the cardiac or the pulmonary origin of a comparable exertional dyspnea. Forty male subjects were compared, who exercised with a 30-W/3-min protocol and were divided ...
Yamabe H - - 1994
It has been argued that the lactate threshold (LT) serves as an index to reflect circulatory insufficiency in transporting oxygen during submaximal exercise in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). We examined whether or not the LT was related to an insufficient oxygen supply in patients with CHF. Sixty-nine patients ...
Quinteiro R A - - 1994
Isolated tissue experiments (canine ventricular epicardium) and computer simulations were used to characterize the relationship between changes in maximum rate of depolarization during upstroke (Vmax) and the conduction velocity (theta) induced after long-term therapy with amiodarone and to compare these data with those obtained after acute superfusion with either desethylamiodarone ...
Hanson P - - 1994
Chronic heart failure (CHF) is a syndrome of impaired left ventricular (LV) function and cardiac output reserve that is associated with secondary compensatory adaptations including: LV hypertrophy and dilation, neuroendocrine activation, and vasoconstriction and redistribution of peripheral blood flow. The primary limitation in CHF is exercise intolerance characterized by fatigue ...
Clark A L - - 1994
BACKGROUND: Right ventricular function may be an important determinant of exercise capacity, peak oxygen consumption (VO2), and the ventilatory response to carbon dioxide production (VE/VCO2 relation) in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied the role of right ventricular function in CHF and also investigated the ...
Hagemeijer F - - 1994
Duration of symptom-limited exercise on a bicycle ergometer (constant workload of 25 W) was determined in 12 patients with severe chronic congestive heart failure (CHF) due to dilated cardiomyopathy (CMP, 4 patients) or ischemic heart disease (IHD, 8 patients) undergoing hemodynamic monitoring. Mean exercise duration was 214 +/- 124 s ...
Tsutamoto T - - 1994
To evaluate whether hemodynamic tolerance develops to nicorandil, a nitrate and potassium channel opener, 14 patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) were treated with nicorandil and 11 were treated with nitroglycerin (GTN). Doses of GTN or nicorandil were titrated to achieve a > or = 20% reduction in pulmonary capillary ...
Barlow C W - - 1994
BACKGROUND: The exercise-induced rise in arterial potassium concentration ([K+]a) may contribute to exercise hyperpnea and could play a role in exertional fatigue. This study was designed to determine whether the exercise-induced rise in [K+]a is altered in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) and whether physical training affects K+ homeostasis. ...
Madsen B K - - 1994
The prognosis, and clinical findings related to prognosis, were examined in a consecutive series of 190 patients under 76 years of age (mean 64 years) with congestive heart failure (CHF). The aetiology of CHF was ischaemic heart disease in 66%, hypertension in 11% and cardiomyopathy in 23%. The 2-year mortality ...
Demopoulos L - - 1994
Maladaptive changes in the periphery largely account for the symptomatology of patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). A decline in the systolic function of the left ventricle precipitates activation of neural and humoral systems to provide circulatory support. These include sympathetic release of norepinephrine, increases in angiotensin II, elevated levels ...
Nishimura Y - - 1994
To examine whether respiratory muscle weakness is associated with cardiac function and/or exercise capacity in chronic heart failure (CHF), 23 patients with CHF were evaluated with respiratory muscle strength, pulmonary function tests, cardiac catheterization, and exercise test. The subjects were divided into three groups on their New York Heart Association ...
Cohen-Solal A - - 1994
Anaerobic threshold (AT), proposed as a non-invasive index of exercise tolerance, independent of patient motivation, is considered more reliable than exercise duration in assessing the effect of drug therapy in chronic heart failure (CHF). However, inter-observer variation in patients may be more difficult than in normal subjects. In a multicentre ...
Morisco C - - 1994
In patients with chronic heart failure (CHF), the addition of coenzyme Q10 to conventional therapy reduces the hospitalization rate for worsening of heart failure and the incidence of serious cardiovascular complications. The present study was planned to assess the hemodynamic mechanisms underlying this phenomenon. Cardiac hemodynamics was evaluated continuously using ...
Clyne N - - 1994
We examined 58 patients (38 men, 20 women; mean age: 45 +/- 12 years; body mass index: 24 +/- 4 kg/m2) with a glomerular filtration rate (GFR) ranging from 3 to 32 ml/min, in order to determine the effects of a progressive decline in renal function on total hemoglobin (THb) ...
Swedberg K - - 1994
Exercise intolerance is one of the primary characteristics of chronic congestive heart failure (CHF). Therefore, exercise testing has been widely used in the assessment of CHF patients, both to define the severity of the disease and to assess the efficacy of pharmaceutical agents in clinical trials. A number of different ...
Braun J - - 1994
In order to clarify the mode of inactivation of alpha1-proteinase inhibitor (alpha 1-PI) in pneumonia, 21 immunocompetent patients and 19 immunocompromised patients with acute pneumonia (Groups I and II) were studied. Nine patients successfully treated for pneumonia and 10 healthy volunteers served as controls (Groups III and IV, respectively). The ...
Madsen B K - - 1993
The purpose of the study described here was to study plasma immunoreactive Neuropeptide Y (NPY) at rest and during exercise in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) and in healthy subjects. Thirty-five patients, mean age 64 years, with CHF in optimal treatment and with a mean ejection fraction of 32%, ...
Leier C V - - 1993
Clinical research in the therapeutics of chronic congestive heart failure (CHF) has evolved from simple case reports and general-response studies in the 1960s to large, randomized, controlled trials conducted in the late 1980s and 1990s. Cumulatively, the investigations show that angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors improve clinical status, exercise capacity, and ...
Ho Y H - - 1993
The clinical and physiological consequences of sphincter preservation after resection of rectal carcinoma at various levels were evaluated. Thirty-two patients (mean age 59.2 years; range 31-79 years) who had undergone curative surgery at least one year previously and were not given adjuvant therapy, were studied with 19 normal controls. Three ...
Pelliccia F - - 1993
Several causes may affect the efficacy of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors in congestive heart failure (CHF). The present study was undertaken to identify what factors might predict benefits in exercise capacity after ACE inhibition in 22 patients with mild to moderate CHF. All patients underwent hemodynamic evaluation before and following ...
Ueshima K - - 1993
To evaluate the response of patients with chronic atrial fibrillation (AF) to exercise, 79 male patients (mean age 64 +/- 1 years) with AF underwent resting two-dimensional and M-mode echocardiography and symptom-limited treadmill testing with ventilatory gas exchange analysis. Patients were classified by underlying disease into five subgroups: no underlying ...
Moore G E - - 1993
Peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) of patients on maintenance hemodialysis is very low. Exercise training performed during, or "on" dialysis, and at other times, "off" dialysis, both improve VO2peak. Equivalence of these approaches has not been shown, nor have the physiologic factors limiting VO2peak been clarified in these patients. We hypothesized ...
Jondeau G - - 1992
BACKGROUND: In addition to depressed cardiac reserve, peripheral factors may contribute to limit maximal exercise capacity in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). To investigate the role of reduced active skeletal muscle mass, peak oxygen uptake (VO2, milligrams per kilogram per minute) was determined during maximal symptom-limited exercise involving the ...
Myers J - - 1992
Mechanisms that have been suggested to underlie the abnormal ventilatory response to exercise in patients with chronic congestive heart failure (CHF) include high pulmonary pressures, ventilation-perfusion mismatching, early metabolic acidosis, and abnormal respiratory control. To evaluate the role that ventilation and gas exchange play in limiting exercise capacity in patients ...
Colfer H T - - 1992
The effects of the long-acting angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor benazepril hydrochloride on exercise tolerance and signs and symptoms of congestive heart failure (CHF) were evaluated in a double-blind, multicenter, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Patients with chronic New York Heart Association class II to IV symptoms of CHF and an ejection fraction by ...
Sovijärvi A R - - 1992
The pathophysiologic mechanisms causing exertional breathlessness in patients with chronic congestive heart failure (CHF) are not fully understood. Therefore, we have studied whether the ventilation in such patients is ineffective during exercise. Thirteen patients with treated chronic CHF (New York Heart Association class II-IV) and eight healthy controls underwent a ...
Davies S W - - 1992
The level of everyday physical activity of patients with chronic congestive heart failure (CHF) may be an important reflection of their quality of life. Everyday physical activity is difficult to measure objectively, and may not relate to exercise capacity determined by laboratory exercise testing. A light-weight sensor worn on the ...
Coats A J - - 1992
Many secondary abnormalities in chronic heart failure (CHF) may reflect physical deconditioning. There has been no prospective, controlled study of the effects of physical training on hemodynamics and autonomic function in CHF. In a controlled crossover trial of 8 weeks of exercise training, 17 men with stable moderate to severe ...
Liang C S - - 1992
Expired gas analysis was used to determine the aerobic exercise performance of subjects with depressed left ventricular (LV) systolic function and congestive heart failure (CHF). To determine whether subjects with no or minimal CHF have better aerobic exercise performance than do those with overt CHF, oxygen consumption (VO2) at anaerobic ...
Evangelista-Masip A - - 1992
To assess the influence of mitral regurgitation (MR) on the response to captopril therapy for congestive heart failure (CHF), 30 patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy in New York Heart Association functional class III were studied. Left ventricular end-diastolic diameter and stroke volume were measured by Doppler echocardiography, and exercise tolerance ...
Tada H - - 1992
The development of 31P-nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) has enabled direct and non-invasive measurements of muscle metabolism. Serial measurements of the phosphocreatine/inorganic phosphate (PCr/Pi) ratio, which is closely related to the adenosine triphosphate/adenosine diphosphate (ATP/ADP) ratio and pH during and after forearm exercise were performed in 11 patients with chronic lung ...
Clyne N - - 1992
Anemia is already present in patients with moderate renal failure and is a major cause of the decline in exercise capacity seen in these patients. We examined the effects of erythropoietin (EPO) treatment in 12 predialytic uremic patients (EPO group: mean age 46 +/- 12 years; 6 men, 6 women) ...
Minotti J R - - 1991
In patients with congestive heart failure (CHF), the poor relationship between systemic exercise performance and cardiac function, together with morphologic and metabolic abnormalities in skeletal muscle, raises the possibility that skeletal muscle function may be impaired and limit systemic exercise performance. We assessed strength and endurance of the knee extensors ...
Warady B A - - 1991
We evaluated the impact of (s.c.) recombinant human erythropoietin (r-HuEPO) therapy on the hematological status, exercise capacity, and dietary intake of nine pediatric patients (mean age 12.4 +/- 3.2 years) receiving long-term peritoneal dialysis. Five children without medical illness served as controls for the exercise testing portion of the study. ...
Kinugawa T - - 1991
To investigate the serial sympathetic nervous system response to exercise, plasma norepinephrine (NE) and epinephrine (E) concentrations were measured at rest, during each stage of treadmill exercise, and immediately and 5 minutes after exercise in 68 congestive heart failure (CHF) patients (NYHA functional class I 24, II 25, III 19) ...
Blake D W - - 1991
Sixteen patients presenting for abdominal aortic surgery were divided into two groups according to whether or not there was a history and clinical evidence of chronic heart failure (CHF). Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and catecholamines were measured during a preoperative exercise test and then with induction of anaesthesia and surgery. ...
Adamopoulos S - - 1991
Exercise intolerance is a major cause of morbidity in chronic heart failure (CHF) and has traditionally been attributed to skeletal muscle hypoperfusion during exercise. However, intrinsic abnormalities in skeletal muscle biochemistry and histology may also play an important role in the pathophysiology of exertional fatigue in CHF. Studies using 31P ...
Imaizumi T - - 1990
The maximal exercise capacity of patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) is frequently decreased because of decreased skeletal muscle oxygen utilization. In this study we examined whether forearm oxygen utilization is decreased during dynamic handgrip exercise in patients with CHF and whether captopril improves forearm oxygen utilization. They were divided ...
Northridge D B - - 1990
Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors are now firmly established in the treatment of patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). Their beneficial acute and chronic hemodynamic effects are not associated with reflex tachycardia or drug tolerance. Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors produce symptomatic improvement and improve exercise capacity in all grades of heart ...
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