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Boni Adriano A Center for Nanotechnology Innovation @NEST, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Piazza San Silvestro 12, 56127, Pisa, - - 2014
Red blood cells (RBCs) loaded with iron oxide nanoparticles have been proposed as biomimetic constructs with long half-life (ca. 20 days) in the blood compartment and potentially interesting properties (such as relaxivity) as intravascular contrast agents for magnetic resonance imaging. However, the encapsulation of nanoparticles into RBCs might affect their magnetic ...
Dai Xiao-Yan XY College of Pharmaceutical Science, Zhejiang Chinese Medical University, Hangzhou, 310053, China; Department of Pharmacy, The Third People's Hospital of Hangzhou, Hangzhou, 310009, - - 2014
Quyu Qingre granules (QYQRG) is a useful traditional Chinese composite prescription in the treatment of blood stasis syndrome. Comparing differences of pharmacokinetic properties of comounds in QYQRG between normal and blood stasis syndrome rabbits can provide much helpful information. The primary objective of this study was to compare the pharmacokinetics ...
Murata Kazuya K Faculty of Pharmacy, Kinki University, 3-4-1 Kowakae, Higashiosaka, Osaka, 577-8502, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Morinda citrifolia fruit on blood fluidity. M. citrifolia fruit extract (MCF-ext) was investigated for its influence on blood aggregation and fibrinolysis. MCF-ext inhibited polybrene-induced erythrocyte aggregation and thrombin activity. The fibrinolytic activity of MCF-ext, in the euglobulin lysis time ...
Colligan David D Scottish National Blood Transfusion Service, RD&I, Edinburgh, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
The annual scientific meeting of the Scotblood National Blood Transfusion Service, (SNBTS), continues to enjoy success. Scotblood 2013 focused on the contemporary issues affecting the various essential areas of blood transfusion and transfusion medicine. Presentations ranged from the challenges of recruiting young donors, forecasting future blood demand and celebrating the ...
Jason Pitts R R Department of Biological Sciences and Institute for Global Health, Vanderbilt University, 465 21[st] Ave. S. Nashville, Tennessee 37232 USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Most female mosquitoes require blood meals to complete oogenesis, or egg development. Current methods of maintaining laboratory colonies of mosquitoes generally rely on the use of whole blood to feed female mosquitoes. Blood feeding protocols require special handling techniques, impart numerous potential health hazards, involve significant costs, and are widely ...
Rojanasantikul Preeda P Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, 8th Floor Asadang Building, Prannok Road, Bangkok-noi, Bangkok, 10700, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine the diagnostic performance of a point-of-care test (POCT) for detection of anti-mutated citrullinated vimentin (anti-MCV) and rheumatoid factor (RF) in early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with 2 years of disease duration or less. Additionally, we evaluated the agreement of these tests when using EDTA ...
Sandeman Susan R SR Biomaterials and Medical Devices Research Group, School of Pharmacy and Biomolecular Sciences, University of Brighton, Huxley Building, Lewes Road, Brighton, East Sussex, BN2 4GJ, UK, - - 2014
Adsorbents designed with porosity which allows the removal of protein bound and high molecular weight uraemic toxins may improve the effectiveness of haemodialysis treatment of chronic kidney disease (CKD). A nanoporous activated carbon monolith prototype designed for direct blood contact was first assessed for its capacity to remove albumin bound ...
Tripathi Markandey M MM Wellman Center for Photomedicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, - - 2014
We have developed and investigated a novel optical approach, Laser Speckle Rheology (LSR), to evaluate a patient's coagulation status by measuring the viscoelastic properties of blood during coagulation. In LSR, a blood sample is illuminated with laser light and temporal speckle intensity fluctuations are measured using a high-speed CMOS camera. ...
Lesesve Jean François JF Laboratory of Hematology, University Hospital, - - 2014
We report on a patient with Candida glabrata in peripheral blood film. Numerous yeast forms as pseudohyphae were observed. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Linden Katharina K U.S. Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, San Antonio, TX 78234, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
A prolonged and fulminant inflammatory state, with high levels of pro- and anti-inflammatory mediators, is seen after extensive thermal injury. Blood purification techniques including plasma exchange, continuous venovenous hemofiltration, and adsorbing membranes have the potential to modulate this response, thereby improving outcomes. This article describes the scientific rationale behind blood ...
Pignon C C Exotic Animal Medicine Service, Alfort School of Veterinary Medicine, 7 Avenue du Général de Gaulle, Maisons-Alfort 94700, - - 2014
Blood transfusion has been described in ferrets as a treatment for oestrus-associated anaemia and as a life-saving therapy following trauma, iatrogenic (usually surgery-induced) anaemia, autoimmune haemolytic anaemia and pure red cell aplasia. Although blood banking is a common method for storage of feline and canine blood it is not currently ...
Orlov David D From the Departments of *Anesthesia and Pain Management, †Laboratory Medicine, ‡Clinical Biochemistry, and §the Toronto General Research Institute, Toronto General Hospital, University Health Network, University of Toronto, and ‖Institute of Health Policy, Management, and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
Excessive bleeding carries a heavy burden of illness in cardiac surgery. Although platelet dysfunction is considered to be an important cause, it is not routinely measured. Our objective was to explore the relationship between platelet dysfunction and blood loss in cardiac surgery. In 100 consenting patients undergoing cardiac surgery requiring ...
Dillen Lieve L Drug Metabolism & Pharmacokinetics, Janssen Research & Development, Janssen Pharmaceutica N.V., Turnhoutseweg 30, 2340 Beerse, - - 2014
Background: Capillary microsampling (CMS) of blood with subsequent blood analysis offers a potential strategy to deal with increased demand to reduce blood sample volumes in animal discovery and preclinical studies. Results: A generic approach is presented allowing PK analysis in 15 µl blood samples. CMS blood exposure data were compared ...
Li Guining G Union Hospital of Tongji Medical College, No. 1277 Jie Fang Road, 430022 Wuhan City, Hubei Province, PR China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Pre-transfusion testing is a vital link to enhance patients' safety but may be influenced by heterotypic blood transfusion and disease. Previous history of blood transfusion most of time help us determine the blood type. On the other hand, it can also mislead technicians to a wrong conclusion. Anti-D, which is ...
Vareed Shaiju K SK Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology and Cancer Center, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, GA, 30912, - - 2014
The neuroprotective effect of Withania somnifera L. Dunal fruit extract, in rodent models, is known. Withanamides, the primary active constituents in W. somnifera fruit extract exhibited neuroprotective effects against β-amyloid-induced cytotoxicity in neuronal cell culture studies. Therefore, we investigated the blood-brain barrier permeability of withanamides in W. somnifera fruit extract in mice ...
Sood Tanvi T Department of Transfusion Medicine, Government Medical College & Hospital, Sector 32, Chandigarh, - - 2014
It is not uncommon in transfusion practice to see blood/components with abnormal colored plasma. The present study was conducted to identify and determine the etiology of blood and/or blood components showing altered color. The present study was conducted in the Department of Transfusion Medicine, Government Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh ...
Chung Young K YK Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea; St. Vincent's Hospital, Suwon, - - 2014
Carbamazepine (CBZ) intoxication can be associated with severe toxicity, including neurological and cardio-respiratory abnormalities. Highly protein-bound, CBZ is not removed efficiently through conventional hemodialysis. Charcoal hemoperfusion is the most effective extracorporeal elimination therapy for CBZ intoxication. Recent reports have indicated that continuous venovenous hemodiafiltration (CVVHDF), albumin-enhanced continuous venovenous hemodialysis, high-flux ...
Liszewski Walter W Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, - - 2014
Since 1983 in the United States, any man who has had sex with another man (MSM) at any time since 1977 has been deferred from donating blood for life. Although there has been a push to change the deferral, there is a paucity of information on both the rates of ...
Winship Ian R IR Centre for Neuroscience, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, - - 2014
Laser speckle contrast imaging (LSCI) is a powerful tool capable of acquiring detailed maps of blood flow in arteries and veins on the cortical surface. Based on the blurring of laser speckle patterns by the motion of blood cells, LSCI can be combined with a variety of optical imaging preparations ...
Fritz Megan L ML Department of Entomology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27607, USA. - - 2014
Blood feeding by free-living insect vectors of disease is rhythmic and can be used to predict when infectious bites will occur. These daily rhythms can also be targeted by control measures, as in insecticide-treated nets. Culex pipiens form pipiens and C.p. f. molestus are two members of the Culex pipiens ...
Farrugia Albert A College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, Australian National University, Acton, ACT, Australia ; Centre for Orthopaedic Research, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, University of Western Australia, Perth, WA, - - 2014
The current "manufacturing paradigm" of transfusion practice has detached transfusion from the clinical environment. As an example, fresh whole blood in large-volume hemorrhage may be superior to whole blood reconstituted from multiple components. Multicomponent apheresis can overcome logistical difficulties in matching patient needs with fresh component availability and can deliver ...
Shin Heesun H NCE CECR PROOF Centre of Excellence, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada; UBC Department of Medicine (Division of Respiratory Medicine), University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada; UBC James Hogg Research Centre & Institute for HEART + LUNG Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, - - 2014
The molecular profile of circulating blood can reflect physiological and pathological events occurring in other tissues and organs of the body and delivers a comprehensive view of the status of the immune system. Blood has been useful in studying the pathobiology of many diseases. It is accessible and easily collected ...
Kulkarni Py P Department of Community Medicine, Dr. Padmashree. D Y Patil Medical College, Pimpri, Pune, Maharashtra, - - 2014
Annually, India meets only half of its blood requirement and half of it from unsafe blood donors. There is a need to increase blood donations from safe and voluntary blood donors. Recruitment and retainment of voluntary blood donors are key challenges for blood agencies. The aim of this study is ...
França Eduardo Luzía EL Institute of Biological and Health Science, Federal University of Mato Grosso (UFMT), Rodovia BR070, Km 5 s/n º , 78600-000 Barra do Garças-MT, - - 2014
An evaluation of the rheological properties and the effects of Momordica. charantia L. (M. charantia) nanoparticles and polyethylene glycol (PEG) microspheres adsorbed with M. charantia nanoparticles on the blood of hyperglycemic patients is presented. Blood samples were collected according to glycemic status: normoglycemic (N = 56) and hyperglycemic (N = ...
Kumar Alok A Department of Pathology, Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical sciences, Sewagram, Wardha, Maharashtra, - - 2014
An audit is a written series of simple, direct questions, which when answered and reviewed, tell whether the laboratory is performing its procedures, activities, and policies correctly and on time. The aim of this study is to briefly highlight the importance of audit in blood bank services. An Audit of ...
Karp J K JK Department of Pathology, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Methodist Division, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, - - 2013
Television is a beloved American pastime and a frequent American export. As such, American television shapes how the global public views the world. This study examines how the portrayal of blood transfusion and blood donation on American television may influence how domestic and international audiences perceive the field of transfusion ...
Shah Siddharth S Division of Hematology, Department of Medicine, and Stem Cell Program, Institute for Cell Engineering, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, - - 2013
Blood transfusion is a common procedure in modern medicine, and it is practiced throughout the world; however, many countries report a less than sufficient blood supply. Even in developed countries where the supply is currently adequate, projected demographics predict insufficiency in this supply as early as 2050. The blood supply ...
Freedman John J Laboratory Medicine & Pathobiology, University of Toronto, St. Michael's Hospital, 30 Bond Street, Room 2-006, Shuter Wing, Toronto, Ontario M5B 1W8, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2013
Blood conservation, or Patient Blood Management (PBM), is a paradigm shift in transfusion practice. Recognizing the potential adverse effects associated with blood transfusion, PBM emphasises the use of alternatives to transfusion in order to minimize unnecessary or inappropriate blood transfusion. The ONTraC program is a network of transfusion coordinators in ...
Bergan Tor Ole TO Norwegian Red Cross, Oslo, - - 2013
The voluntary, non-remunerated blood donation organization is the important part of the International Red Cross movement. Historically the Red Cross Blood Program was established in Oslo with the main objectives to recruit new donors, support the blood banks with recruiting materials and to support in recruiting efforts made by local ...
Jauregui Julio J JJ Rubin Institute for Advanced Orthopedics Center for Joint Preservation and Replacement Sinai Hospital of Baltimore Baltimore, - - 2013
Total hip arthroplasty is increasing in incidence due to our aging population. However, this procedure has a high potential for increased blood loss, with allogeneic blood transfusions commonly used. However, due to potential transfusion-related risks such as immunosuppression or infections, attempts have been made to reduce the amount of blood ...
Khan Shafaat Yar SY Department of Biological Sciences, University of Sargodha, Sargodha, - - 2013
The impact of elevated blood lead level on some haematological parameters was studied in the field force of Lahore traffic police, in Pakistan. The blood samples were tested for total leucocytes count (TLC) and differential leucocytes count in the persons with high and low blood lead levels. The TLC and ...
Renzaho Andre M N AM Migration, Social Disadvantage, and Health Programs, Global Health and Society Unit, Department of Epidemiology & Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Vic, Australia; Burnet Institute, Melbourne, Vic, - - 2013
The aim of this research was to assess whether perceived discrimination, the level of acculturation, and medical mistrust are associated with knowledge about blood donation processes and blood donation status. This cross-sectional study involved 425 African migrants recruited in Melbourne and Adelaide, Australia. Participants were surveyed face-to-face using bilingual workers ...
Smith André A Department of Sociology, University of Victoria, British Columbia, - - 2013
This study approaches the decision to donate blood as a dynamic process involving interplay between blood donors' personal motives, donors' social contexts, and the donor recruitment and retention activities of blood collection agencies. Data were gathered from four blood donation clinics using in-depth interviews with Canadian Blood Services employees, donors, ...
Manser Monika - - 2013
To examine performance of the identification and estimation of percentage parasitaemia of Plasmodium falciparum in stained blood films distributed in the UK National External Quality Assessment Scheme (UKNEQAS) Blood Parasitology Scheme. Analysis of performance for the diagnosis and estimation of the percentage parasitaemia of P. falciparum in Giemsa-stained thin blood ...
Charles-Sire Virginie - - 2013
This field study on blood donor behavior tests the effectiveness of semantic priming on donor intention and commitment. Using face-to-face interactions, participants were primed with the concept of love and solicited to promise blood to the French National Blood Bank. Results showed a significant effect on willingness to donate blood ...
Ali Rehan - - 2013
Salmonella cholecystitis is a rare but important complication of Salmonella typhi infection. We are reporting an 11 years old female child who presented with complaints of high-grade fever, jaundice and right sided abdominal pain (Charcot's triad). Her examination showed tender hepatomegaly. Initial blood results revealed high white cell counts with ...
Baldacchino F - - 2013
Horse flies can mechanically transmit Besnoitia besnoiti, the agent of bovine besnoitiosis. Although previously limited to enzootic areas, especially the French Pyrenees Mountains, bovine besnoitiosis is now considered a re-emerging disease in western Europe. To improve understanding of the role of horse flies as mechanical vectors, this study investigated their ...
Rousseau Guillaume F GF UPMC University Paris 6, UMR_S938, Proliferation and Differentiation of Stem Cells, Paris, France; INSERM, UMR_S938, Proliferation and Differentiation of Stem Cells, Paris, France; Université Paris Diderot, Paris, - - 2014
Blood-transfusion centers regularly face the challenge of donor blood shortages, especially for rare blood groups. The possibility of producing universal red blood cells from stem cells industrially has become a possible alternative since the successful injection of blood generated in vitro into a human being in 2011. Although there remains ...
Li Xiao-Li - - 2013
Membranous nephropathy (MN) is a rare manifestation of IgG4-related disease. Interestingly, the significance of IgG4 has also been documented in idiopathic MN (IMN). Previous studies reported that urine IgG4/IgG ratios were significantly higher in IMN compared with other kinds of nephropathy, indicating that impairment of charge selectivity barrier seemed to ...
Mehus Joseph O - - 2013
Abstract To understand local transmission of vector-borne diseases, it is important to identify potential vectors, characterize their host feeding patterns, and determine if vector-borne pathogens are circulating within the region. This study simultaneously investigated these aspects of disease transmission by collecting engorged mosquitoes within two rural study sites in the ...
Waldvogel-Abramovski Sophie - - 2013
Blood bankers have focused their energy to secure blood transfusion, and only recently have studies been published on the effect of blood donation on iron metabolism. In many facilities, hemoglobin measurement is only performed just before or even during blood donation, but the determination of iron stores is largely ignored. ...
Heilmann Romy M - - 2013
Sepsis carries a poor prognosis in critically ill dogs. PCR-based diagnostics could be more sensitive for detecting bacteremia than conventional blood culture, allowing earlier initiation of appropriate therapy. Molecular techniques have been considered as ancillary tools for detecting bacteremia and identifying pathogens in humans and in dogs with bacterial endocarditis. ...
Wong Edward C C - - 2013
Blood banking/immunohematology is an area of laboratory medicine that involves the preparation of blood and blood components for transfusion as well as the selection and monitoring of those components following transfusion. The preparation, modification, and indications of both traditional and newer products are described in this review, along with special ...
Iajya Victor V Universidad Nacional de Tucumán, Av. Independencia 1900, San Miguel de Tucumán, Tucumán 4000, Argentina. Electronic address: - - 2013
In many low- and middle-income countries blood donations per capita are substantially lower than in advanced economies. In these countries blood supply is mostly collected through directed donations from relatives and friends to individuals needing transfusions or to replace blood used in emergencies. The World Health Organization considers this method ...
Jeong Kiyoung - - 2013
ABSTRACT. We show that terahertz (THz) time-domain spectroscopy (TDS) can be used to characterize the blood. The complex optical constants of blood and its constituents, such as water, plasma, and red blood cells (RBCs), were obtained in the THz frequency region. The volume percentage of RBCs in blood was extracted ...
Boulton F E - - 2013
The decades around the turn of the 19th into the 20th centuries covered a seminal period in the history of transfusion medicine as there was an increasing appreciation of a potential role in the management of surgical and obstetric bleeding, and also in severe non-surgical anaemias. The main obstacles to ...
Anthony Claudia N - - 2013
Malaria may be a serious complication of blood transfusion due to the asymptomatic persistence of parasites in some donors. This case report highlights the transfusion-transmitted malaria of Plasmodium vivax in a child diagnosed with germ cell tumour. This child had received blood transfusion from three donors and a week later ...
Zanetti Richard C - - 2013
We report a case of a 19-year-old woman with cystic fibrosis who presented with hemolytic anemia during a course of piperacillin/tazobactam. The patient was initially managed with the replacement of blood products; however, she continued to show signs of hemolysis. Laboratories were obtained confirming antibody formation to piperacillin/tazobactam, and she ...
Stover John C - - 2013
Blood conservation techniques are used to reduce the need for allogeneic blood transfusion. One of the most important blood conservation techniques is the optimization of blood counts prior to invasive procedures with anticipated blood loss. Infusion nurses need to understand the importance of treating patients who require the use of ...
Barth M Denise - - 2013
The new AABB guidelines for red blood cell transfusions narrow the threshold for transfusion. A natural outgrowth is to emphasize blood conservation strategies, including reduced blood draws. There is no universal practice for the collection of blood or strategy for blood conservation. As such, it is often assumed that frequency ...
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