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Li Jiqiang J Department of Oncology, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, - - 2014
To detect the content of 12 heavy metals in blood and hair sample from a general population of Pearl River Delta area, and to analyze the influence of duration of residence, gender, age, smoking and drinking on the heavy metal content. Use inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry to detect the ...
Larkin Bethany A J BA Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Science and the Environment, Division of Chemistry and Environmental Science, Manchester Metropolitan University, - - 2014
Bloodstain pattern analysis (BPA) is the forensic application of the interpretation of distinct patterns which blood exhibits during a bloodletting incident, providing key evidence with its ability to map the sequence of events. Here, we explore the use of equine blood and investigate its suitability within the field of BPA. ...
Osawa Takashi T Department of Hospital Pharmacy, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, 1-20-1 Handayama, Hamamatsu, Shizuoka 431-3192, - - 2014
Pharmacokinetic disposition of bortezomib in blood has not been fully characterized in humans. This study aimed to evaluate the blood distribution of bortezomib and its kinetics in multiple myeloma patients. Eighteen multiple myeloma patients receiving bortezomib-dexamethasone combination therapy were enrolled. Blood specimens were drawn just before bortezomib administration on days ...
Massanyi Peter P a Department of Animal Physiology , Slovak University of Agriculture , Nitra , Slovak - - 2014
Environmental pollution results in serious health hazards to animals and blood analysis serves as a good alternative for health status assessment. The target of this study was to analyze the concentration of selected metals in equine blood, to analyze the blood parameters and to find possible correlations. Blood samples were ...
Balcomb Christie C William R. Pritchard Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital, University of California, 1 Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The use of whole blood and/or blood products is indicated in ruminant medicine. The goal of this article is to summarize previous literature on blood groups in ruminants and camelids, list indications for transfusion, and describe collection and transfusion techniques applicable to small ruminants and cattle that can be used ...
Bitto Alessandro A Department of Pathology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195-7470, - - 2014
It has been known for some time that blood from young mice can positively impact aged animals, while blood from old mice has the opposite effect. Recent studies report that rejuvenating effects of young blood extend to multiple tissues and have identified GDF11 and CCL11 as factors mediating these effects.
Lanteri Marion C MC Blood Systems Research Institute, San Francisco, - - 2014
Previous reports of West Nile virus (WNV) RNA persistence in blood compartments have raised concerns around the remaining risk of WNV transfusion transmission. This study characterized the dynamics of WNV viremia in blood compartments in a longitudinal cohort of 54 WNV-infected blood donors. Blood samples were collected throughout the year ...
Zavala-Norzagaray A A AA Instituto Politécnico Nacional, CIIDIR - SINALOA, Guasave, Sinaloa, Mexico, - - 2014
This study determined the concentrations of heavy metals in blood collected from Pacific Ridley sea turtles (Lepidochelys olivacea) inhabiting the coast of Guasave, Mexico, in the Gulf of California. The highest reported metal concentration in blood was Zn, followed by Se. Of nonessential toxic metals, As was reported in higher ...
Pornprasert Sakorn S Department of Medical Technology, Faculty of Associated Medical Sciences, Chiang Mai University , Chiang Mai , Thailand - - 2014
Abstract A subject with Hb E (HBB: c.79G > A) trait is asymptomatic and can become a blood donor. However, a blood transfusion from a Hb E trait donor can affect β-thalassemia (β-thal) diagnosis. Blood samples from three Thai women were sent to the Associated Medical Sciences (AMS) Clinical Service Center, Chiang ...
Mello Marcia Bc - - 2014
Due to students' initial inexperience, slides are frequently broken and blood smears are damaged in microscopy training, leading to the need for their constant replacement. To minimize this problem a method of preparing blood smears on transparent acetate sheets was developed with the goal of implementing appropriate and more readily ...
Frank Steven M SM From the Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine (S.M.F., M.J.O.); and Department of Pathology, Division of Transfusion Medicine (P.M.N., A.A.R.T.), The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, - - 2014
Using blood utilization data acquired from the anesthesia information management system, an updated institution-specific maximum surgical blood order schedule was introduced. The authors evaluated whether the maximum surgical blood order schedule, along with a remote electronic blood release system, reduced unnecessary preoperative blood orders and costs. At a large academic ...
Li Xiang X Integrated Biosystems and Biomechanics Laboratory, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA. - - 2014
White blood cells (WBCs) constitute about 0.1% of the blood cells, yet they play a critical role in innate and adaptive immune responses against pathogenic infections, allergic conditions, and malignancies and thus contain rich information about the immune status of the body. Rapid isolation of WBCs directly from whole blood ...
Muthard Ryan W RW Institute for Medicine and Engineering, Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, 1024 Vagelos Research Laboratory University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, - - 2014
Millions of clotting tests each year require recalcification of blood treated with sodium citrate, a calcium chelator that prevents prothrombinase assembly. We validated a converging trifurcated microfluidic device to measure platelet and fibrin accumulation following on-chip recalcification of citrated whole blood. Recalcification was accomplished by sheathing the blood with Ca2+ ...
de Carvalho Gabriela Cristina GC Faculdade de Saúde Pública, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate blood meal sources of mosquitoes captured in municipal parks in the city of São Paulo, Brazil, and to identify possible associations between mosquito species and their food preferences. Fourteen species of blood hosts of 510 engorged adult female mosquitoes were identified using ...
Aldamiz-Echevarria Covadonga C Departamento de Economia Financiera II, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Universidad del País Vasco, - - 2014
analyze and propose a theoretical model that describes blood donor decisions to help staff working in blood banks (nurses and others) in their efforts to capture and retain donors. analysis of several studies on the motivations to give blood in Spain over the last six years, as well as past ...
Far Rafat Mohebbi RM Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Department of Health Management, Qazvin, - - 2014
Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the rate and causes of wastage of blood and blood products (packed red cells, plasma, platelets, and cryoprecipitate) in Qazvin hospitals. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted in all hospitals in Qazvin, including 5 teaching hospitals, 2 social welfare hospitals, ...
McCullough Jeffrey J Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, - - 2014
The blood recall process is intended to remove from use products that may be harmful, but characteristics of recalls nationally have not been reported. We analyzed recalls of all blood products for 2010 and categorized the reason for the recall, the organizations producing the recalled products, and the Food and ...
Zhang Xiao-Yan XY Department of Respiratory Medicine, China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing, China; Graduate School, Peking Union Medical College & Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, - - 2014
In asthma, the airway inflammatory phenotype influences clinical characteristics and treatment response. Although induced sputum is the gold standard test for phenotyping asthma, a more accessible method is needed for clinical practice. To investigate whether white blood cell counts and/or their derived ratios can predict sputum eosinophils or neutrophils in ...
Mewis J L JL a Department of Agricultural , Food and Nutritional Science, 410 Agriculture/Forestry Centre, University of Alberta , Edmonton , AB , Canada , T6G - - 2014
Abstract 1. There are no published methods for RNA isolation from avian whole blood where nucleated red blood cells (RBC) prevent the use of established mammalian protocols. The aim of this study was therefore to develop a protocol for total RNA extraction using avian whole blood by defining the effect ...
Fischer Dania - - 2014
Blood safety with respect to infectious complications has reached very high standards. Nevertheless, reports on transfusion-associated morbidity and mortality gain momentum. Multidisciplinary patient blood management programs can minimize unnecessary exposure to allogeneic blood products by strengthening and conserving patients' own resources. This article outlines concepts designed to maintain hemoglobin concentration, ...
Warkiani Majid Ebrahimi ME BioSystems and Micromechanics (BioSyM) IRG, Singapore-MIT Alliance for Research and Technology (SMART) Centre, - - 2014
The detection and characterization of rare circulating tumor cells (CTCs) from the blood of cancer patients can potentially provide critical insights into tumor biology and hold great promise for cancer management. The ability to collect a large number of viable CTCs for various downstream assays such as quantitative measurements of ...
Boni Adriano A Center for Nanotechnology Innovation @NEST, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Piazza San Silvestro 12, 56127, Pisa, - - 2014
Red blood cells (RBCs) loaded with iron oxide nanoparticles have been proposed as biomimetic constructs with long half-life (ca. 20 days) in the blood compartment and potentially interesting properties (such as relaxivity) as intravascular contrast agents for magnetic resonance imaging. However, the encapsulation of nanoparticles into RBCs might affect their magnetic ...
Segura J J Institut Hospital del Mar d'Investigacions Mèdiques IMIM, , Barcelona, - - 2014
The collection of blood, its storage as red blood cell (RBC) concentrates and its reinjection is prohibited; until now, the practice cannot be reliably detected. A recent innovation-the haematological module of the athlete's biological passport-can provide authorities with indications towards autologous blood transfusion. In situations where a given athlete has ...
Ha Young-Ran YR Division of Integrative Bioscience and Bioengineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang 790-784, - - 2014
Mosquitoes secrete saliva that contains biological substances, including anticoagulants that counteract a host's hemostatic response and prevent blood clotting during blood feeding. This study aimed to detect heparin, an anticoagulant in Aedes togoi using an immunohistochemical detection method, in the salivary canal, salivary gland, and midgut of male and female ...
Kalargirou Aikaterini A AA Laboratory of Haematology and Transfusion Medicine, Department of Medical Laboratories, Technological and Educational Institute (T.E.I.) of Athens, - - 2014
Blood supplies in Greece are insufficient to meet the high transfusion needs arising from car accidents and treatment of thalassaemia. This study was designed to determine Greeks' opinions about blood donation, in order to identify the reasons for the lack of motivation to donate and allow experts to establish better ...
Dai Xiao-Yan XY College of Pharmaceutical Science, Zhejiang Chinese Medical University, Hangzhou, 310053, China; Department of Pharmacy, The Third People's Hospital of Hangzhou, Hangzhou, 310009, - - 2014
Quyu Qingre granules (QYQRG) is a useful traditional Chinese composite prescription in the treatment of blood stasis syndrome. Comparing differences of pharmacokinetic properties of comounds in QYQRG between normal and blood stasis syndrome rabbits can provide much helpful information. The primary objective of this study was to compare the pharmacokinetics ...
Murata Kazuya K Faculty of Pharmacy, Kinki University, 3-4-1 Kowakae, Higashiosaka, Osaka, 577-8502, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Morinda citrifolia fruit on blood fluidity. M. citrifolia fruit extract (MCF-ext) was investigated for its influence on blood aggregation and fibrinolysis. MCF-ext inhibited polybrene-induced erythrocyte aggregation and thrombin activity. The fibrinolytic activity of MCF-ext, in the euglobulin lysis time ...
Colligan David D Scottish National Blood Transfusion Service, RD&I, Edinburgh, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
The annual scientific meeting of the Scotblood National Blood Transfusion Service, (SNBTS), continues to enjoy success. Scotblood 2013 focused on the contemporary issues affecting the various essential areas of blood transfusion and transfusion medicine. Presentations ranged from the challenges of recruiting young donors, forecasting future blood demand and celebrating the ...
Jason Pitts R R Department of Biological Sciences and Institute for Global Health, Vanderbilt University, 465 21[st] Ave. S. Nashville, Tennessee 37232 USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Most female mosquitoes require blood meals to complete oogenesis, or egg development. Current methods of maintaining laboratory colonies of mosquitoes generally rely on the use of whole blood to feed female mosquitoes. Blood feeding protocols require special handling techniques, impart numerous potential health hazards, involve significant costs, and are widely ...
Rojanasantikul Preeda P Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, 8th Floor Asadang Building, Prannok Road, Bangkok-noi, Bangkok, 10700, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine the diagnostic performance of a point-of-care test (POCT) for detection of anti-mutated citrullinated vimentin (anti-MCV) and rheumatoid factor (RF) in early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with 2 years of disease duration or less. Additionally, we evaluated the agreement of these tests when using EDTA ...
Sandeman Susan R SR Biomaterials and Medical Devices Research Group, School of Pharmacy and Biomolecular Sciences, University of Brighton, Huxley Building, Lewes Road, Brighton, East Sussex, BN2 4GJ, UK, - - 2014
Adsorbents designed with porosity which allows the removal of protein bound and high molecular weight uraemic toxins may improve the effectiveness of haemodialysis treatment of chronic kidney disease (CKD). A nanoporous activated carbon monolith prototype designed for direct blood contact was first assessed for its capacity to remove albumin bound ...
Tripathi Markandey M MM Wellman Center for Photomedicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, - - 2014
We have developed and investigated a novel optical approach, Laser Speckle Rheology (LSR), to evaluate a patient's coagulation status by measuring the viscoelastic properties of blood during coagulation. In LSR, a blood sample is illuminated with laser light and temporal speckle intensity fluctuations are measured using a high-speed CMOS camera. ...
Lesesve Jean François JF Laboratory of Hematology, University Hospital, - - 2014
We report on a patient with Candida glabrata in peripheral blood film. Numerous yeast forms as pseudohyphae were observed. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Linden Katharina K U.S. Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, San Antonio, TX 78234, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
A prolonged and fulminant inflammatory state, with high levels of pro- and anti-inflammatory mediators, is seen after extensive thermal injury. Blood purification techniques including plasma exchange, continuous venovenous hemofiltration, and adsorbing membranes have the potential to modulate this response, thereby improving outcomes. This article describes the scientific rationale behind blood ...
Pignon C C Exotic Animal Medicine Service, Alfort School of Veterinary Medicine, 7 Avenue du Général de Gaulle, Maisons-Alfort 94700, - - 2014
Blood transfusion has been described in ferrets as a treatment for oestrus-associated anaemia and as a life-saving therapy following trauma, iatrogenic (usually surgery-induced) anaemia, autoimmune haemolytic anaemia and pure red cell aplasia. Although blood banking is a common method for storage of feline and canine blood it is not currently ...
Orlov David D From the Departments of *Anesthesia and Pain Management, †Laboratory Medicine, ‡Clinical Biochemistry, and §the Toronto General Research Institute, Toronto General Hospital, University Health Network, University of Toronto, and ‖Institute of Health Policy, Management, and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
Excessive bleeding carries a heavy burden of illness in cardiac surgery. Although platelet dysfunction is considered to be an important cause, it is not routinely measured. Our objective was to explore the relationship between platelet dysfunction and blood loss in cardiac surgery. In 100 consenting patients undergoing cardiac surgery requiring ...
Dillen Lieve L Drug Metabolism & Pharmacokinetics, Janssen Research & Development, Janssen Pharmaceutica N.V., Turnhoutseweg 30, 2340 Beerse, - - 2014
Background: Capillary microsampling (CMS) of blood with subsequent blood analysis offers a potential strategy to deal with increased demand to reduce blood sample volumes in animal discovery and preclinical studies. Results: A generic approach is presented allowing PK analysis in 15 µl blood samples. CMS blood exposure data were compared ...
Li Guining G Union Hospital of Tongji Medical College, No. 1277 Jie Fang Road, 430022 Wuhan City, Hubei Province, PR China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Pre-transfusion testing is a vital link to enhance patients' safety but may be influenced by heterotypic blood transfusion and disease. Previous history of blood transfusion most of time help us determine the blood type. On the other hand, it can also mislead technicians to a wrong conclusion. Anti-D, which is ...
Vareed Shaiju K SK Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology and Cancer Center, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, GA, 30912, - - 2014
The neuroprotective effect of Withania somnifera L. Dunal fruit extract, in rodent models, is known. Withanamides, the primary active constituents in W. somnifera fruit extract exhibited neuroprotective effects against β-amyloid-induced cytotoxicity in neuronal cell culture studies. Therefore, we investigated the blood-brain barrier permeability of withanamides in W. somnifera fruit extract in mice ...
Sood Tanvi T Department of Transfusion Medicine, Government Medical College & Hospital, Sector 32, Chandigarh, - - 2014
It is not uncommon in transfusion practice to see blood/components with abnormal colored plasma. The present study was conducted to identify and determine the etiology of blood and/or blood components showing altered color. The present study was conducted in the Department of Transfusion Medicine, Government Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh ...
Chung Young K YK Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea; St. Vincent's Hospital, Suwon, - - 2014
Carbamazepine (CBZ) intoxication can be associated with severe toxicity, including neurological and cardio-respiratory abnormalities. Highly protein-bound, CBZ is not removed efficiently through conventional hemodialysis. Charcoal hemoperfusion is the most effective extracorporeal elimination therapy for CBZ intoxication. Recent reports have indicated that continuous venovenous hemodiafiltration (CVVHDF), albumin-enhanced continuous venovenous hemodialysis, high-flux ...
Liszewski Walter W Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, - - 2014
Since 1983 in the United States, any man who has had sex with another man (MSM) at any time since 1977 has been deferred from donating blood for life. Although there has been a push to change the deferral, there is a paucity of information on both the rates of ...
Winship Ian R IR Centre for Neuroscience, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, - - 2014
Laser speckle contrast imaging (LSCI) is a powerful tool capable of acquiring detailed maps of blood flow in arteries and veins on the cortical surface. Based on the blurring of laser speckle patterns by the motion of blood cells, LSCI can be combined with a variety of optical imaging preparations ...
Fritz Megan L ML Department of Entomology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27607, USA. - - 2014
Blood feeding by free-living insect vectors of disease is rhythmic and can be used to predict when infectious bites will occur. These daily rhythms can also be targeted by control measures, as in insecticide-treated nets. Culex pipiens form pipiens and C.p. f. molestus are two members of the Culex pipiens ...
Farrugia Albert A College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, Australian National University, Acton, ACT, Australia ; Centre for Orthopaedic Research, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, University of Western Australia, Perth, WA, - - 2014
The current "manufacturing paradigm" of transfusion practice has detached transfusion from the clinical environment. As an example, fresh whole blood in large-volume hemorrhage may be superior to whole blood reconstituted from multiple components. Multicomponent apheresis can overcome logistical difficulties in matching patient needs with fresh component availability and can deliver ...
Shin Heesun H NCE CECR PROOF Centre of Excellence, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada; UBC Department of Medicine (Division of Respiratory Medicine), University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada; UBC James Hogg Research Centre & Institute for HEART + LUNG Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, - - 2014
The molecular profile of circulating blood can reflect physiological and pathological events occurring in other tissues and organs of the body and delivers a comprehensive view of the status of the immune system. Blood has been useful in studying the pathobiology of many diseases. It is accessible and easily collected ...
Kulkarni Py P Department of Community Medicine, Dr. Padmashree. D Y Patil Medical College, Pimpri, Pune, Maharashtra, - - 2014
Annually, India meets only half of its blood requirement and half of it from unsafe blood donors. There is a need to increase blood donations from safe and voluntary blood donors. Recruitment and retainment of voluntary blood donors are key challenges for blood agencies. The aim of this study is ...
França Eduardo Luzía EL Institute of Biological and Health Science, Federal University of Mato Grosso (UFMT), Rodovia BR070, Km 5 s/n º , 78600-000 Barra do Garças-MT, - - 2014
An evaluation of the rheological properties and the effects of Momordica. charantia L. (M. charantia) nanoparticles and polyethylene glycol (PEG) microspheres adsorbed with M. charantia nanoparticles on the blood of hyperglycemic patients is presented. Blood samples were collected according to glycemic status: normoglycemic (N = 56) and hyperglycemic (N = ...
Kumar Alok A Department of Pathology, Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical sciences, Sewagram, Wardha, Maharashtra, - - 2014
An audit is a written series of simple, direct questions, which when answered and reviewed, tell whether the laboratory is performing its procedures, activities, and policies correctly and on time. The aim of this study is to briefly highlight the importance of audit in blood bank services. An Audit of ...
Zheng Shan-Luan - - 2014
To evaluate the performance of Sysmex XE-5000 analyser for detecting nucleated red blood cells (NRBCs) in peripheral blood and investigate the clinical application of this analyser. The absolute NRBC counts (NRBC#) and percentage (NRBC%) of 137 blood specimens (NRBC-positive according to the DIFF channel of the analyser) were determined in ...
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