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Sandberg Monica M Department of Medical Cell Biology, Uppsala University , Uppsala , - - 2014
Abstract Objectives. To examine the effects of inhibition of cyclooxygenase (COX) on islet hormone secretion in vitro and on pancreatic islet blood flow in vivo. Methods. Insulin release was measured in a static incubation system of islets isolated from Wistar-F rats after inhibition of COX-1 and COX-2 with SC 560 ...
Minasyan Hayk A HA Private laboratory, Immunology Microbiology, Mamikonianz, Yerevan, - - 2014
Leukocytes can't perform phagocytosis in blood stream. Blood velocity prevents phagocytosis because there is no time for leukocyte to recognize and catch bacteria. Bloodstream clearance from pathogens is performed by erythrocytes. During motion in bloodstream erythrocytes become charged by triboelectric effect. This charge attracts bacteria and fixes them on the ...
Flemmig Jörg J Translational Centre for Regenerative Medicine (TRM) Leipzig, Philipp-Rosenthal-Straße 55, 04103 Leipzig, Germany; Institute for Medical Physics and Biophysics, Medical Faculty, University of Leipzig, Härtelstraße 16 - 18, 04107 Leipzig, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
By combining easy and fast leukocyte enrichment with aminophenyl-fluorescein (APF) staining we developed a method to quickly and specifically address the halogenating activity of the immunological relevant blood heme peroxidases myeloperoxidase and eosinophil peroxidase, respectively. For leukocyte enrichment a two-fold hypotonic lysis procedure of blood with Millipore water was chosen ...
Laird Brian D BD Center for Advanced Research in Environmental Genomics, University of Ottawa, 30 Marie-Curie, Ottawa, ON, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
The esterase paraoxonase (PON1), a major component of high-density lipoprotein (HDL), protects against the development of atherosclerosis in humans. Although variation in PON1 activity is primarily governed by PON1 genotype, there is growing evidence that environmental chemicals may also modulate its activity. This cross-sectional study aimed to determine whether environmental ...
Rusinek-Prystupa Elzbieta E Department of Biochemistry and Toxicology, Faculty of Animal Biology and Breeding University of Life Sciences, Lublin, - - 2014
Introduction and objective. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of per os administration of 3 various dosages of a Citrosept preparation (a grapefruit extract)to growing turkey hens on changes in their selected haematological and immunological blood indices. An attempt was also undertaken to select the most ...
Guéguen Nicolas - - 2014
We tested the Door-in-the-Face technique (DITF) on blood donation with a delay between the acceptance of the request and the real possibility of complying with it. University students were solicited to give blood during a special one-day drive. After the refusal to participate in a long-term donor program, participants were ...
Bell Kevin J KJ Sydney Sports Medicine Centre, Sydney Olympic Park, NSW 2127, - - 2014
Do peritendinous autologous blood injections improve pain and function in people with mid-portion Achilles tendinopathy? The administration of two unguided peritendinous autologous blood injections one month apart, in addition to a standardised eccentric training programme, provides no additional benefit in the treatment of mid-portion Achilles tendinopathy. Several studies have suggested ...
Gravish Nick N School of Physics, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332, - - 2014
We study the evolution and failure of a granular slope as a function of prepared volume fraction, ϕ_{0}. We rotated an initially horizontal layer of granular material (0.3-mm-diam glass spheres) to a 45^{∘} angle while we monitor the motion of grains from the side and top with high-speed video cameras. ...
Kim Sung-Gun SG Department of Food Science and Technology, Dongguk University, Seoul 100-715, - - 2014
The flow behaviors of three thickened fruit juices (orange, apple, and grape juice) prepared with a commercial instant xanthan gum (XG)-based thickener that is marketed in Korea were investigated at different thickener concentrations (1.0%, 1.5%, 2.0%, 2.5%, 3.0%, and 3.5%) and setting times (5 and 30 min) using a rheometer ...
Gao Xiang X Key Laboratory of Marine Geology and Environment, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 7 Nanhai Road, Qingdao 266071, - - 2014
Subduction faults, called megathrusts, can generate large and hazardous earthquakes. The mode of slip and seismicity of a megathrust is controlled by the structural complexity of the fault zone. However, the relative strength of a megathrust based on the mode of slip is far from clear. The fault strength affects ...
Damsgaard Christian C Zoophysiology, Institute for Bioscience, Aarhus University, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
The Asian swamp eel (Monopterus albus, Zuiew, 1793) is a facultative air-breathing fish with reduced gills. Previous studies have shown that gas exchange seems to occur across the epithelium of the buccopharyngeal cavity, the esophagus and the integument, resulting in substantial diffusion limitations that must be compensated by adaptations in ...
Stacey Andrew W AW *Department of Ophthalmology, Kellogg Eye Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan; †Division of Ophthalmology, Section Oculofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Ohio University/Doctor's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio; ‡Department of Ophthalmology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Grant Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio; and §Department of Ophthalmology, Loyola University Health System, Maywood, Illinois, - - 2014
To assess intraoperative blood splatter to the ocular surface and adnexa during oculofacial surgery. Four surgeons and multiple assistants at three separate locations wore a total of 331 protective eye shields during 131 surgeries. Postoperatively, a luminol blood detection system was used to identify blood splatter on the shields. In ...
Bahr Rebekah L RL Functional Imaging Program, BC Cancer Agency, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada; - - 2014
Complementary and alternative therapies in addition to standard oncology protocols are commonly sought by cancer patients; however, few patients disclose their complementary treatments to their cancer care team. A lack of communication may result in unforeseen side effects and the potential for some alternative therapies to interfere with or inhibit ...
van den Brand Marre M Department of Medical Microbiology and Infection Control, VU University Medical Center, De Boelelaan 1118, 1081HZ, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
The diagnosis of late onset sepsis (LOS), a severe condition with high prevalence in preterm infants, is hampered by the suboptimal sensitivity and long turnaround time of blood culture. Detection of the infecting pathogen directly in blood by PCR would provide a much more timely result. Unfortunately, PCR-based assays reported ...
Faraji Ary A Center for Vector Biology, Department of Entomology, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey, United States of America; Mercer County Mosquito Control, West Trenton, New Jersey, United States of - - 2014
Aedes albopictus is an invasive species which continues expanding its geographic range and involvement in mosquito-borne diseases such as chikungunya and dengue. Host selection patterns by invasive mosquitoes are critically important because they increase endemic disease transmission and drive outbreaks of exotic pathogens. Traditionally, Ae. albopictus has been characterized as ...
Kregting Louise T LT Marine Science Center, University of New England, Biddeford, Maine 04005; and Hawai'i Institute of Marine Biology, University of Hawai'i, Kane'ohe, Hawai'i 96744 - - 2014
Intraspecific variation in gamete compatibility among male/female pairs causes variation in the concentration of sperm required to achieve equivalent fertilization levels. Gamete compatibility is therefore potentially an important factor controlling mating success. Many broadcast-spawning marine invertebrates, however, also live in a dynamic environment where hydrodynamic conditions can affect the concentration ...
Yao Yunzhi Y College of Life Sciences, Capital Normal University, 105 Xisanhuanbeilu, Haidian District, Beijing 100048, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Blood-feeding insects, as vectors of disease for humans and livestock alike, have garnered significant interest [1, 2], but our understanding of their early evolution is hindered by the scarcity of available material and the difficulty in distinguishing early hematophages from non-blood-feeding relatives. Here, we report a new family of true bugs ...
Li Jiqiang J Department of Oncology, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, - - 2014
To detect the content of 12 heavy metals in blood and hair sample from a general population of Pearl River Delta area, and to analyze the influence of duration of residence, gender, age, smoking and drinking on the heavy metal content. Use inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry to detect the ...
Jakubowska Joanna J Institute of Forensic Medicine, Medical University of Gdańsk, Dębowa 23, 80-204 Gdańsk, Poland; Department of Biotechnology, Intercollegiate Faculty of Biotechnology, University of Gdańsk and Medical University of Gdańsk, Kładki 24, 80-822 Gdańsk, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2014
The identification of menstrual blood is an important issue in forensic biology, but currently, there are no confirmatory methods for its detection. Here, we demonstrate a highly reliable simple heptaplex method that allows for the discrimination between menstrual and peripheral blood. The test has been used successfully in criminal casework, ...
Larkin Bethany A J BA Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Science and the Environment, Division of Chemistry and Environmental Science, Manchester Metropolitan University, - - 2014
Bloodstain pattern analysis (BPA) is the forensic application of the interpretation of distinct patterns which blood exhibits during a bloodletting incident, providing key evidence with its ability to map the sequence of events. Here, we explore the use of equine blood and investigate its suitability within the field of BPA. ...
Osawa Takashi T Department of Hospital Pharmacy, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, 1-20-1 Handayama, Hamamatsu, Shizuoka 431-3192, - - 2014
Pharmacokinetic disposition of bortezomib in blood has not been fully characterized in humans. This study aimed to evaluate the blood distribution of bortezomib and its kinetics in multiple myeloma patients. Eighteen multiple myeloma patients receiving bortezomib-dexamethasone combination therapy were enrolled. Blood specimens were drawn just before bortezomib administration on days ...
Massanyi Peter P a Department of Animal Physiology , Slovak University of Agriculture , Nitra , Slovak - - 2014
Environmental pollution results in serious health hazards to animals and blood analysis serves as a good alternative for health status assessment. The target of this study was to analyze the concentration of selected metals in equine blood, to analyze the blood parameters and to find possible correlations. Blood samples were ...
Balcomb Christie C William R. Pritchard Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital, University of California, 1 Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The use of whole blood and/or blood products is indicated in ruminant medicine. The goal of this article is to summarize previous literature on blood groups in ruminants and camelids, list indications for transfusion, and describe collection and transfusion techniques applicable to small ruminants and cattle that can be used ...
Bitto Alessandro A Department of Pathology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195-7470, - - 2014
It has been known for some time that blood from young mice can positively impact aged animals, while blood from old mice has the opposite effect. Recent studies report that rejuvenating effects of young blood extend to multiple tissues and have identified GDF11 and CCL11 as factors mediating these effects.
Liu Yunxian Y Beijing Key Laboratory of Functional Food from Plant Resources, College of Food Science and Nutritional Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing, P. R. - - 2014
Sufu is a traditional Chinese fermented soybean food. Isoflavones are abundant in soybean and products incorporated with isoflavones exert many health benefits. The aim of this study was to investigate anti-fatigue effect of sufu fortified with isoflavones. In vivo anti-fatigue activity of sufu with fortification of isoflavones (IF) was investigated ...
Neto Gabriel R GR Kinanthropometry and Human Development Laboratory - LABOCINE -UFPB, João Pessoa / PB, Brazil. ; Federal University of Rio de Janeiro. Physical Education - Graduate Program. Rio de Janeiro, RJ - - - 2014
Strength training combined with blood flow restriction (BFR) have been used to improve the levels of muscle adaptation. The aim of this paper was to investigate the acute effect of high intensity squats with and without blood flow restriction on muscular fatigue levels. Twelve athletes (aged 25.95 ± 0.84 years) ...
Lanteri Marion C MC Blood Systems Research Institute, San Francisco, - - 2014
Previous reports of West Nile virus (WNV) RNA persistence in blood compartments have raised concerns around the remaining risk of WNV transfusion transmission. This study characterized the dynamics of WNV viremia in blood compartments in a longitudinal cohort of 54 WNV-infected blood donors. Blood samples were collected throughout the year ...
Zavala-Norzagaray A A AA Instituto Politécnico Nacional, CIIDIR - SINALOA, Guasave, Sinaloa, Mexico, - - 2014
This study determined the concentrations of heavy metals in blood collected from Pacific Ridley sea turtles (Lepidochelys olivacea) inhabiting the coast of Guasave, Mexico, in the Gulf of California. The highest reported metal concentration in blood was Zn, followed by Se. Of nonessential toxic metals, As was reported in higher ...
Pornprasert Sakorn S Department of Medical Technology, Faculty of Associated Medical Sciences, Chiang Mai University , Chiang Mai , Thailand - - 2014
Abstract A subject with Hb E (HBB: c.79G > A) trait is asymptomatic and can become a blood donor. However, a blood transfusion from a Hb E trait donor can affect β-thalassemia (β-thal) diagnosis. Blood samples from three Thai women were sent to the Associated Medical Sciences (AMS) Clinical Service Center, Chiang ...
Mello Marcia Bc - - 2014
Due to students' initial inexperience, slides are frequently broken and blood smears are damaged in microscopy training, leading to the need for their constant replacement. To minimize this problem a method of preparing blood smears on transparent acetate sheets was developed with the goal of implementing appropriate and more readily ...
Frank Steven M SM From the Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine (S.M.F., M.J.O.); and Department of Pathology, Division of Transfusion Medicine (P.M.N., A.A.R.T.), The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, - - 2014
Using blood utilization data acquired from the anesthesia information management system, an updated institution-specific maximum surgical blood order schedule was introduced. The authors evaluated whether the maximum surgical blood order schedule, along with a remote electronic blood release system, reduced unnecessary preoperative blood orders and costs. At a large academic ...
Li Xiang X Integrated Biosystems and Biomechanics Laboratory, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA. - - 2014
White blood cells (WBCs) constitute about 0.1% of the blood cells, yet they play a critical role in innate and adaptive immune responses against pathogenic infections, allergic conditions, and malignancies and thus contain rich information about the immune status of the body. Rapid isolation of WBCs directly from whole blood ...
Muthard Ryan W RW Institute for Medicine and Engineering, Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, 1024 Vagelos Research Laboratory University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, - - 2014
Millions of clotting tests each year require recalcification of blood treated with sodium citrate, a calcium chelator that prevents prothrombinase assembly. We validated a converging trifurcated microfluidic device to measure platelet and fibrin accumulation following on-chip recalcification of citrated whole blood. Recalcification was accomplished by sheathing the blood with Ca2+ ...
de Carvalho Gabriela Cristina GC Faculdade de Saúde Pública, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate blood meal sources of mosquitoes captured in municipal parks in the city of São Paulo, Brazil, and to identify possible associations between mosquito species and their food preferences. Fourteen species of blood hosts of 510 engorged adult female mosquitoes were identified using ...
Aldamiz-Echevarria Covadonga C Departamento de Economia Financiera II, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Universidad del País Vasco, - - 2014
analyze and propose a theoretical model that describes blood donor decisions to help staff working in blood banks (nurses and others) in their efforts to capture and retain donors. analysis of several studies on the motivations to give blood in Spain over the last six years, as well as past ...
Far Rafat Mohebbi RM Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Department of Health Management, Qazvin, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine the rate and causes of wastage of blood and blood products (packed red cells, plasma, platelets, and cryoprecipitate) in Qazvin hospitals. The study was conducted in all hospitals in Qazvin, including 5 teaching hospitals, 2 social welfare hospitals, 3 private hospitals, 1 ...
Varlet-Marie Emmanuelle E University of Perpignan Via Domitia, Laboratory 'Performance, Health, Altitude', Perpignan, - - 2014
A method to detect the banned use of blood transfusions by athletes has proven elusive. In this article, we investigate the utility of analyzing contaminant levels in stored blood as a possible marker. The presence of the plasticizer di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) was measured in red blood cells collected from transfused subjects. GC-MS ...
Petroianu Andy A Department of Surgery, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, - - 2014
To assess hematological and biochemical features of splenic effluent blood and their influence on the rise of hematological values after splenectomy. we studied 20 patients undergoing surgical treatment for schistosomatic portal hypertension. We collected blood samples for CBC, coagulation, bilirubin and albumin in the splenic vein (perioperative) and peripheral blood ...
McCullough Jeffrey J Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, - - 2014
The blood recall process is intended to remove from use products that may be harmful, but characteristics of recalls nationally have not been reported. We analyzed recalls of all blood products for 2010 and categorized the reason for the recall, the organizations producing the recalled products, and the Food and ...
Zhang Xiao-Yan XY Department of Respiratory Medicine, China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing, China; Graduate School, Peking Union Medical College & Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, - - 2014
In asthma, the airway inflammatory phenotype influences clinical characteristics and treatment response. Although induced sputum is the gold standard test for phenotyping asthma, a more accessible method is needed for clinical practice. To investigate whether white blood cell counts and/or their derived ratios can predict sputum eosinophils or neutrophils in ...
Mewis J L JL a Department of Agricultural , Food and Nutritional Science, 410 Agriculture/Forestry Centre, University of Alberta , Edmonton , AB , Canada , T6G - - 2014
Abstract 1. There are no published methods for RNA isolation from avian whole blood where nucleated red blood cells (RBC) prevent the use of established mammalian protocols. The aim of this study was therefore to develop a protocol for total RNA extraction using avian whole blood by defining the effect ...
Fischer Dania - - 2014
Blood safety with respect to infectious complications has reached very high standards. Nevertheless, reports on transfusion-associated morbidity and mortality gain momentum. Multidisciplinary patient blood management programs can minimize unnecessary exposure to allogeneic blood products by strengthening and conserving patients' own resources. This article outlines concepts designed to maintain hemoglobin concentration, ...
Warkiani Majid Ebrahimi ME BioSystems and Micromechanics (BioSyM) IRG, Singapore-MIT Alliance for Research and Technology (SMART) Centre, - - 2014
The detection and characterization of rare circulating tumor cells (CTCs) from the blood of cancer patients can potentially provide critical insights into tumor biology and hold great promise for cancer management. The ability to collect a large number of viable CTCs for various downstream assays such as quantitative measurements of ...
Boni Adriano A Center for Nanotechnology Innovation @NEST, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Piazza San Silvestro 12, 56127, Pisa, - - 2014
Red blood cells (RBCs) loaded with iron oxide nanoparticles have been proposed as biomimetic constructs with long half-life (ca. 20 days) in the blood compartment and potentially interesting properties (such as relaxivity) as intravascular contrast agents for magnetic resonance imaging. However, the encapsulation of nanoparticles into RBCs might affect their magnetic ...
Segura J J Institut Hospital del Mar d'Investigacions Mèdiques IMIM, , Barcelona, - - 2014
The collection of blood, its storage as red blood cell (RBC) concentrates and its reinjection is prohibited; until now, the practice cannot be reliably detected. A recent innovation-the haematological module of the athlete's biological passport-can provide authorities with indications towards autologous blood transfusion. In situations where a given athlete has ...
Selvan G Tamizh GT Sri Ramachandra University, Porur, Chennai 600 116, Tamil Nadu, India; ; Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Allied Sciences, DRDO, Timarpur, New Delhi 110 054, - - 2014
While contradictory reports are available on the yield of dicentric chromosomes (DC) in blood samples stored at different temperature and stimulated to enter into cell cycle, various times gap followed by exposure, limited information is available on the micronucleus (MN) assay. As scoring the micronuclei frequency from the blood lymphocytes ...
Ha Young-Ran YR Division of Integrative Bioscience and Bioengineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang 790-784, - - 2014
Mosquitoes secrete saliva that contains biological substances, including anticoagulants that counteract a host's hemostatic response and prevent blood clotting during blood feeding. This study aimed to detect heparin, an anticoagulant in Aedes togoi using an immunohistochemical detection method, in the salivary canal, salivary gland, and midgut of male and female ...
Kalargirou Aikaterini A AA Laboratory of Haematology and Transfusion Medicine, Department of Medical Laboratories, Technological and Educational Institute (T.E.I.) of Athens, - - 2014
Blood supplies in Greece are insufficient to meet the high transfusion needs arising from car accidents and treatment of thalassaemia. This study was designed to determine Greeks' opinions about blood donation, in order to identify the reasons for the lack of motivation to donate and allow experts to establish better ...
Dai Xiao-Yan XY College of Pharmaceutical Science, Zhejiang Chinese Medical University, Hangzhou, 310053, China; Department of Pharmacy, The Third People's Hospital of Hangzhou, Hangzhou, 310009, - - 2014
Quyu Qingre granules (QYQRG) is a useful traditional Chinese composite prescription in the treatment of blood stasis syndrome. Comparing differences of pharmacokinetic properties of comounds in QYQRG between normal and blood stasis syndrome rabbits can provide much helpful information. The primary objective of this study was to compare the pharmacokinetics ...
Murata Kazuya K Faculty of Pharmacy, Kinki University, 3-4-1 Kowakae, Higashiosaka, Osaka, 577-8502, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Morinda citrifolia fruit on blood fluidity. M. citrifolia fruit extract (MCF-ext) was investigated for its influence on blood aggregation and fibrinolysis. MCF-ext inhibited polybrene-induced erythrocyte aggregation and thrombin activity. The fibrinolytic activity of MCF-ext, in the euglobulin lysis time ...
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