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Bembich Stefano S Institute for Maternal and Child Health-IRCCS "Burlo Garofolo" - Trieste, - - 2014
This study evaluates the effect of varying nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) level on cerebral blood flow (CBF) and oxygenation in preterm infants. Oxy-haemoglobin (HbO2) and total haemoglobin (HbTot), as CBF estimates, and the ratio between HbO2 and HbTot (HbO2/HbTot), as cerebral oxygenation estimate, were assessed by near-infrared spectroscopy ...
Ménétrier A A EA3920 Marqueurs Pronostiques et Facteurs de Régulations des Pathologies Cardiaques etVasculaires, Plateforme Exercice Performance Santé Innovation, SFR FED 4234, Université deFranche--Comté, Besançon, France - - - 2014
The purpose was to examine the changes in femoral artery blood flow during cold water immersion (CWI), contrast water therapy (CWT) and thermoneutral water immersion (TWI). Ten athletes came to the laboratory three times, to complete a 20--min procedure in upright position: 4 min in air (baseline) then 16--min full ...
Mitterlechner Thomas T Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, - - 2014
In preoxygenated patients, time until oxygen saturation drops can be extended by insufflating oxygen into their airways, thus oxygenating them apneically. To compare different methods of apneic oxygenation. A noncommercial dual-use laryngoscope with an internal lumen in its blade was used to provide oxygen insufflation into a simulated laryngeal space ...
Frat Jean-Pierre JP Réanimation Médicale, and Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale, CIC-1402, Université de Poitiers, Poitiers, France. - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of humidified oxygen via high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) alternating with noninvasive ventilation (NIV) in acute hypoxemic respiratory failure (AHRF). We performed a prospective observational study in a 12-bed ICU of a university hospital. All subjects with a PaO2 /FIO2 ...
Sotello David D Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, - - 2014
: High-flow nasal cannula oxygen (HFNC) is a relatively new therapeutic innovation being used in adults with severe respiratory disease. It delivers heated humidified oxygen through short nasal prongs and supplies much higher flow rates than traditional nasal cannula systems. These higher flows match patient flow demands better, reduce anatomic ...
Li Zhiqing Z Department of Neurobiology, College of Basic Medicine, China Medical University, Shenyang, 110001, People's Republic of - - 2014
We aimed to investigate the blood brain barrier (BBB) change caused by subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and to explore the molecular mechanisms of acute brain injury after SAH. The SD rat model of SAH was firstly established by endovascular filament perforation technique. The changes of regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF), BBB ...
Ishiguro Akio A Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatal Medicine, Center for Maternal, Fetal and Neonatal Medicine, Saitama Medical Center, Saitama Medical University, Kawagoe, Saitama, - - 2014
Septic shock is associated with impaired vasoregulation, and treatment includes vasoactive drugs. Therefore, evaluation of vasoregulatory change is important. The present report describes the successful characterization of vasoregulatory change in response to a vasoactive drug during septic shock. A male infant born at 23 weeks' gestation developed septic shock. Severe ...
Vinay Byrappa B Department of Neuroanaesthesia, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Bangalore, 560029, - - 2014
Following an episode of reduction in inspired oxygen concentration (FiO2) and inhalational agent concentration (Fi agent) during the changing of a soda lime absorber, We conducted an in vitro experiment to understand the impact of disconnection of the absorber on inspired gas dilution at different fresh gas flows. We found ...
Brennan Martin D MD UIC Bioengineering (MC 563), 820 S Wood St W103 CSN, Chicago, IL 60612, USA. - - 2014
Cellular function and behavior are affected by the partial pressure of O2, or oxygen tension, in the microenvironment. The level of oxygenation is important, as it is a balance of oxygen availability and oxygen consumption that is necessary to maintain normoxia. Changes in oxygen tension, from above physiological oxygen tension ...
Spinelli Elena E University of Michigan Medical School, University of Michigan - ECMO Lab, 1150 W. Medical Center Drive, B560 MSRB II, Ann Arbor, MI - - 2014
During veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV-ECMO) support, optimization of oxygenation can be achieved by therapeutic interventions on both patient physiological variables and adjustment of ECMO settings.Based on the physiology of oxygen delivery during VV-ECMO support, we established the mathematical relationship between the variables which define the oxygenation state: hemoglobin (Hb), ...
Palkovits Stefan S Medical University of - - 2014
Animal experiments indicate that the inner retina keeps its oxygen extraction constant despite systemic hypoxia. For the human retina no such data exist. In the present study we hypothesized that systemic hypoxia does not alter inner retinal oxygen extraction. To test this hypothesis we included 30 healthy male and female ...
Xu Kunbo K School of Power and Energy, Northwestern PolyTech. Univ., No.127 Youyi Rd., Beilin District, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710072, China, - - 2014
This study concerns the mechanisms of the turbulent broadband noise reduction for cascade trailing edge serrations while the inlet velocity changed from 30 m/s to 50 m/s. The turbulence spatio-temporal information are measured with 3D hot-wire. The experiment is carried out in the Northwestern Polytechnical University low speed open jet ...
Temma Takashi T Department of Investigative Radiology, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center Research Institute, 5-7-1 Fujishiro-dai, Suita, Osaka 565-8565, - - 2014
Understanding cerebral oxygen metabolism is of great importance in both clinical diagnosis and animal experiments because oxygen is a fundamental source of brain energy and supports brain functional activities. Since small animals such as rats are widely used to study various diseases including cerebral ischemia, cerebrovascular diseases, and neurodegenerative diseases, ...
Joh Hea Min HM Department of Physics, Dong-A University, Busan 604-714, Republic of - - 2014
The atmospheric pressure helium plasma jet driven by pulsed dc voltage was utilized to treat human lung cancer cells in vitro. The properties of plasma plume were adjusted by the injection type and flow rate of additive oxygen gas in atmospheric pressure helium plasma jet. The plasma characteristics such as ...
Rivaes Rui P RP Forest Research Center, Instituto Superior de Agronomia, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisbon, - - 2014
Global circulation models forecasts indicate a future temperature and rainfall pattern modification worldwide. Such phenomena will become particularly evident in Europe where climate modifications could be more severe than the average change at the global level. As such, river flow regimes are expected to change, with resultant impacts on aquatic ...
Banjo Toshihiro - - 2013
Heartbeat is required for normal development of the heart, and perturbation of intracardiac flow leads to morphological defects resembling congenital heart diseases. These observations implicate intracardiac haemodynamics in cardiogenesis, but the signalling cascades connecting physical forces, gene expression and morphogenesis are largely unknown. Here we use a zebrafish model to ...
Jamison R Aidan - - 2013
Physical forces can influence the embryonic development of many tissues. Within the cardiovascular system shear forces resulting from blood flow are known to be one of the regulatory signals that shape the developing heart. A key challenge in investigating the role of shear forces in cardiac development is the ability ...
Junker K - - 2012
Monanema joopi n. sp. is described from blood drawn from the heart of the murid Acomys (Acomys) spinosissimus in South Africa. It is characterised by a non-bulbous cephalic extremity, shared with only one of its five congeners, and a cylindrical tail with caudal alae and a spicular ratio of 2.7 ...
Knaut M - - 2012
Heart failure patients are clinically characterized by extreme cardiomegaly, breathlessness, fluid retention and an early onset of fatigue. Studies have shown generalized restricted blood flow in those patients. Furthermore animal experiments proved an impaired blood flow and a diminished oxygen supply of the skeletal muscle in animals with chronic heart ...
Leweke Thomas T Institut de Recherche sur les Phenomenes Hors Equilibre (IRPHE), 49 rue Frederic Joliot-Curie, Marseille Cedex 13, France. - - 2012
Flow visualization using dye is an inexpensive and easy-to-implement experimental technique. It can be used for a rapid qualitative assessment of fluid flows in configurations relevant to biomedical or biotechnological applications, which often involve small spatial dimensions and flow velocities (low Reynolds numbers). This paper gives an overview of the ...
Cuper Natascha J - - 2012
Obtaining access to blood vessels can be difficult, especially in children. Visualization of subsurface blood vessels might be a solution. Ultrasound and visible light have been used to this purpose, but have some drawbacks. Near-infrared light might be a better option since subsurface blood vessels can be visualized in high ...
Baert Barbara - - 2012
The textual and visual tradition of the story of the woman with the haemorrhage (Mark 5.24b-34parr), the so-called Haemorrhoissa, is related in a specific way to Christ's healing miracles but also to conceptions of female menstrual blood. We notice that with regard to the specific 'issue of blood' of the ...
Gabel Kristi T - - 2012
Accurate quantification of blood loss is an essential skill necessary to prevent maternal morbidity and mortality associated with obstetric hemorrhage. Visual estimation of blood has been consistently shown to be extremely inaccurate. The nurse plays a pivotal role in quantifying blood loss after birth, recognizing triggers, mobilizing needed interventions, and ...
Baena-Díaz F - - 2012
Although the spatial separation of sexual organs within a flower (herkogamy) has been interpreted as a mechanism that promotes efficient pollen transfer, there have been few attempts to relate variation in herkogamy to probabilities of pollen flow. Here, we used a heterostylous species with variation in reciprocal herkogamy to test ...
Wilga Cheryl D - - 2012
Fluid flow generated by body movements is a foraging tactic that has been exploited by many benthic species. In this study, the kinematics and hydrodynamics of prey handling behavior in little skates, Leucoraja erinacea, and round stingrays, Urobatis halleri, are compared using kinematics and particle image velocimetry. Both species use ...
Clapp Carmen - - 2012
The hormone prolactin (PRL), fundamental for lactation in mammals, is known to exert a wide diversity of actions in the various vertebrate groups. Blood vessels are surfacing as important PRL targets, contributing to these hormonal functions. PRL promotes the growth of new blood vessels (angiogenesis) and is proteolytically cleaved to ...
Stone Chris M - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to determine whether the sugar-or-blood meal choice of Anopheles gambiae females one day after emergence is influenced by blood-host presence and accessibility, nectariferous plant abundance, and female size. This tested the hypothesis that the initial meal of female An. gambiae is sugar, even when ...
Lahondère Chloé - - 2011
Temperature is one of the most important factors affecting the life of insects [1]. For instance, high temperatures can have deleterious effects on insects' physiology. Therefore, many of them have developed various strategies to avoid the risk of thermal stress [2]. They can seek a fresher environment or adjust their ...
Teal Allen E - - 2012
Babesiosis is an emerging zoonosis with important public health implications, as the incidence of the disease has risen dramatically over the past decade. Because the current gold standard for detection of Babesia is microscopic examination of blood smears, accurate identification requires trained personnel. Species in the genus cannot be distinguished ...
Shimada Yutaka - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Adequate blood supply for the reconstructed organ is important for safe esophagogastric anastomosis during esophagectomy. Recently, indocyanine green (ICG) has been used for visualization of the blood supply when anastomosis is performed in vascular surgery. To visualize the blood supply for reconstruction, we employed ICG fluorescence during esophagectomy. METHODS: ...
Müller Günter C - - 2011
The horse fly fauna (Diptera: Tabanidae) of Jordan is, after Israel, the richest in the Levant, with 24 known species. During the 20-year project "The Ecology and Zoogeography of the Lepidoptera of the Near East," we regularly collected blood-feeding flies, resulting in 11 additional species of Tabanidae for Jordan. The ...
Stewart-Koster B - - 2011
In this study, relationships between flow variation across multiple temporal scales and the distribution and abundance of three fish species, western rainbowfish Melanotaenia australis, sooty grunter Hephaestus fuliginosus and barramundi Lates calcarifer were examined at eight sampling reaches in the Daly River, Northern Territory, Australia. Discharge was highly seasonal during ...
Goldenheim William M - - 2011
To test for threshold effects in the response of coral physiology to increasing seawater flow, field and laboratory experiments were conducted in Moorea. First, the growth of juvenile massive Porites spp. and branching P. irregularis was compared among habitats differing in water motion. Growth of massive Porites spp. responded to ...
Verbeek Kevin - - 2011
Flow maps are thematic maps that visualize the movement of objects, such as people or goods, between geographic regions. One or more sources are connected to several targets by lines whose thickness corresponds to the amount of flow between a source and a target. Good flow maps reduce visual clutter ...
Wallace Jim - - 2011
Much of the sediment and nutrient load to the Great Barrier Reef (GBR) lagoon happens during over bank floods, when discharge can be significantly underestimated by standard river gauges. This paper assesses the potential need for a flood load correction for 28 coastal rivers that discharge into the GBR lagoon. ...
Urbina Mauricio A - - 2011
How fish oxygen consumption is modulated by external PO(2) has long been a matter of interest, yet is an experimentally complicated question to answer. In this study closed and semi-closed respirometry were used to evaluate the oxygen consumption rate of the scaleless galaxiid fish, inanga (Galaxias maculatus) as a function ...
Mueller Irina A - - 2011
It is unknown whether Antarctic fishes can defend themselves against oxidative stress induced by elevations in temperature. We hypothesized that Antarctic icefishes, lacking the oxygen-binding protein hemoglobin, might be more vulnerable to temperature-induced oxidative stress compared with red-blooded notothenioids because of differences in their mitochondrial properties. Mitochondria from icefishes have ...
Clark T D - - 2011
Prompted by the dramatic increase in the use of blood analyses in fisheries research and monitoring, this study investigated the efficacy of common field techniques for sampling and storing blood from fishes. Three questions were addressed: (1) Do blood samples taken via rapid caudal puncture (the 'grab-and-stab' technique) yield similar ...
Yong Russell Q Y - - 2011
A new genus of fish blood flukes (Aporocotylidae Odhner, 1912) is proposed for a species found on reefs surrounding Lizard Island on the northern Great Barrier Reef. Rhaphidotrema kiatkiongi gen. et sp. n. was recovered from the heart of the stars-and-stripes pufferfish, Arothron hispidus (L.) (Tetraodontidae). Rhaphidotrema kiatkiongi is notable ...
Jackson R R - - 2011
Previous research using computer animation and lures made from dead prey has demonstrated that the East African salticid Evarcha culicivora Wesolowska & Jackson (Araneae: Salticidae) feeds indirectly on vertebrate blood by actively choosing blood-carrying female mosquitoes as prey, and also that it singles out mosquitoes of the genus Anopheles (Diptera: ...
Freeland Joanna R - - 2011
The spatial genetic structure of plant populations is determined by a combination of gene flow, genetic drift, and natural selection. Gene flow in most plants can result from either seed or pollen dispersal, but detailed investigations of pollen and seed flow among populations that have diverged following local adaptation are ...
Schmidt Olaf - - 2011
This proof-of-concept study demonstrates that stable isotope ratios of nitrogen and carbon (expressed as δ(13)C and δ(15)N) of host blood are faithfully reproduced in unfed nymphal Ixodes ricinus that developed from larvae fed on that host. Measured isotopic discrimination (i.e. the tick-blood spacing) was between -0.1 and 0.7‰ for δ(13)C ...
Snellgrove Donna L - - 2011
Clinical haematology and blood plasma chemistry can be used as a valuable tool to provide substantial diagnostic information for fish. A wide range of parameters can be used to assess nutritional status, digestive function, disease identification, routine metabolic levels, general physiological status and even the assessment and management of wild ...
Castillo Julio - - 2011
All vector mosquito species must feed on the blood of a vertebrate host to produce eggs. Multiple cycles of blood feeding also promote frequent contacts with hosts, which enhance the risk of exposure to infectious agents and disease transmission. Blood feeding triggers the release of insulin-like peptides (ILPs) from the ...
Miki Shizuho - - 2011
We investigated levels of the pollutant tributyltin (TBT) in blood of pufferfishes (six species), Japanese sea perch, red sea bream, Japanese common goby, Japanese flounder, rockfish, conger eel, and sea mullet collected off the coast of northern Kyushu, Japan. We found considerable levels of TBT (1.4-190ng/mL) accumulated in the blood ...
Winder Virginia L - - 2011
We captured Nelson's, Saltmarsh and Seaside Sparrows (Ammodramus nelsoni, A. caudacutus and A. maritimus) at three salt marsh sites near Wrightsville Beach, North Carolina during five non-breeding seasons (September through April, 2006-2011). We analyzed breast feather samples from all of these seasons and blood and first primary feather (P1) samples ...
Buitrago Rosio - - 2011
The identification of blood meals in vectors contributes greatly to the understanding of interactions between vectors, microorganisms and hosts. The aim of the current work was to complement the validation of cytochrome b (Cytb) heteroduplex assay (HDA) previously described, and to add the sequencing of the Cytb gene of some ...
Vinauger Clément - - 2011
It has been largely assumed that the individual experience of insects that are disease vectors might not only contribute to animal fitness, but also have an important influence on parasite transmission. Nevertheless, despite the invested efforts in testing the capacity to learn and remember information in blood-sucking insects, only little ...
Yu Hongfeng - - 2011
The main challenge for effective streamline visualization lies in seed placement, i.e., where to drop seeds and how many seeds should be placed. Seeding too many or too few streamlines is not able to reveal flow features and patterns either because it easily leads to visual clutter in rendering or ...
Nomiyama Kei - - 2011
We determined the residue levels and patterns of hydroxylated polybrominated diphenyl ethers (OH-PBDEs), and related compounds, such as PBDEs, methoxylated PBDEs (MeO-PBDEs), and bromophenols (BPhs) in the blood of eleven cetacean species stranded along the Japanese coasts. The dominant OH- and MeO-PBDE isomers found in all cetaceans were 6OH-BDE47 and ...
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